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Edirne
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{{Redirect|Adrianopolis}}{{redirect|Adrianople|the Battle of Adrianople|Battle of Adrianople|the Treaty of Adrianople|Treaty of Adrianople (disambiguation){{!}}Treaty of Adrianople}}







factoids
Further-eastern European Time>FET| utc_offset = +3| map_caption = Location of Edirne within Turkey| official_name = Edirneposition=center
| photo1a = Edirne_mosque_outside.jpg
| photo2a = Meriç_Köprüsü_ve_Meriç_Nehri.jpg
| photo2b = Nagymecset_-_Edirne,_2014.10.22_(6).JPG
| photo3a = TreatyOfLausanneMonumentEdirne_(2).JPG
| photo3b = KaraağaçRailwayStation.JPG
| photo4a = Nagymecset_-_Edirne,_2014.10.22_(13).JPG
| photo4b = Edirne_-_2014.10.22_(4).JPG
| photo4c = Orientexpresstrain.jpg
| size = 260
| spacing = 3
| color = #FFFFFF
| border = 0
| foot_montage = From top down, left to right: Selimiye Mosque, Meriç Bridge, Ali Pasha Bazaar, Treaty of Lausanne Monument and Museum, Trakya University (formerly Karaağaç railway station), Old Mosque, Town Hall, Historical Express}}| image_blank_emblem = | blank_emblem_type =
Regions of Turkey>RegionMarmara Region>MarmaraProvinces of Turkey>ProvinceEdirne Province>EdirneRepublican People's Party (Turkey)>CHPMayor#Turkey>Mayor| leader_name = Recep GürkanVali (governor)#Turkish term>Governor| leader_name1 = Dursun Ali Åžahin WEBSITE=, General Command of Mapping, Edirne Province>Province| area_blank1_km2 = 6,098| area_blank2_title = City| area_blank2_km2 = 844| elevation_m = 42| population_footnotes = | population_density_km2 = 196.7Edirne Province>Province| population_blank1 = 400,280| population_blank2_title = City| population_blank2 = 165,979| blank_info = 22Turkish car number plates>Licence plate|| postal_code_type = Postal code| postal_code = 22000| area_code = (+90) 28441372620region:TR|display=inline}}| pushpin_map = Turkey Marmara#Turkey| name = }}Edirne ({{IPAc-en|US|eɪ|ˈ|d|ɪər|n|É™|,_|É›|ˈ|-}},WEB,weblink Edirne, Collins English Dictionary, HarperCollins, 3 August 2019, MERRIAM-WEBSTER, Edirne, 3 August 2019, {{IPA-tr|eˈdiɾne|lang}}), historically known as Adrianople ({{IPAc-en|ËŒ|eɪ|d|r|i|É™|ˈ|n|oÊŠ|p|É™l}}; ; ; ; founded by the Roman emperor Hadrian on the site of a previous Thracian settlement named Uskudama),WEB,weblink Edirne, Encyclopaedia Britannica, 31 May 2018, is a city in the northwestern Turkish province of Edirne in the region of East Thrace, close to Turkey's borders with Greece and Bulgaria. Edirne served as the third capital city of the Ottoman Empire from 1369 to 1453,"In 1363 the Ottoman capital moved from Bursa to Edirne, although Bursa retained its spiritual and economic importance." Ottoman Capital Bursa. Official website of Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Turkey. Retrieved 19 December 2014. Contradicted by refs cited in Conquest of Adrianople before Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) became the empire's fourth and final capital between 1453 and 1922. The city's estimated population in 2014 was 165,979.

Etymology

The city was founded as Hadrianopolis ( in Greek), named after the Roman emperor Hadrian. This name is still used in the modern Greek language (, Adrianoúpoli). The Turkish name Edirne derives from the Greek name. The name Adrianople was used in English until the Turkish adoption of the Latin alphabet in 1928 made Edirne the internationally recognized name. ({{IPA-bg|ˈodrin|pron}}), , and , are adapted forms of the name Hadrianopolis or of its Turkish version; see also its (Names of European cities in different languages: E–H#E|other names).

History

{{Historical populations |type = |footnote = |align=right|1400s|70000|1700s|35000|1800s|33000|1900s|68661|1927|34528|1965|78161|1970|84531|1975|94449|1980|105503|1985|120663|1990|124361|2000|140830|2010|152993|2014|165979}}The area around Edirne has been the site of numerous major battles and sieges, from the days of the ancient Greeks. The vagaries of the border region between Asia and Europe gives rise to Edirne's historic claim to be the most frequently contested spot on the globe.BOOK, A History of Warfare, John, Keegan, John Keegan, 70–71, Random House, 1993, 0-7126-9850-7, A History of Warfare,

Antiquity

In Greek mythology, Orestes, son of king Agamemnon, built this city as Orestias, at the confluence of the Tonsus (Toundja) and the Ardiscus (Arda) with the Hebrus (Maritza). The city was (re)founded eponymously by the Roman Emperor Hadrian on the site of a previous Thracian settlement known as Uskadama, Uskudama, Uskodama or Uscudama.WEB,weblink Edirne, Encyclopaedia Britannica, 31 May 2018, It was the capital of the Bessi,Mommsen, Theodor. The History of Rome, Volume 4, page 53: "... defeated the Bessi in their mountains, took their capital Uscudama (Adrianople), and compelled them to submit to the Roman supremacy or of the Odrysians. Hadrian developed it, adorned it with monuments, changed its name to Hadrianopolis (which would be corrupted into Adrianopolis, Anglicised as Adrianople), and made it the capital of the Roman province of Thrace. Licinius was defeated there by Constantine I in 323, and Emperor Valens was killed by the Goths in 378 during the Battle of Adrianople (378).

Medieval period

File:Cihan-numa-kasri.jpg|thumb|Historical image of Cihannüma Kasrı (Panoramic Pavilion), part of Edirne PalaceEdirne PalaceIn 813, the city was temporarily seized by Khan Krum of Bulgaria who moved its inhabitants to the Bulgarian lands north of the Danube.BOOK, The Bulgarian-Byzantine Wars for Early Medieval Balkan Hegemony: silver-lined skulls and blinded armies, Hupchick, Dennis, Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 9783319562056, US, 107, During the existence of the Latin Empire of Constantinople, the Crusaders were decisively defeated by the Bulgarian Emperor Kaloyan in the Battle of Adrianople (1205). In 1206 Adrianople and its territory was given to the Byzantine aristocrat Theodore Branas as a hereditary fief by the Latin regime.Saint-Guillain, G. (1216) Identities and Allegiances in the Eastern Mediterranean after 1204, Routledge, p. 66 Theodore Komnenos, Despot of Epirus, took possession of it in 1227, but three years later was defeated at Klokotnitsa by Emperor Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria.In 1361, the Ottoman Empire under Sultan Murad I invaded Thrace. Murad captured Adrianople, probably in 1369 (the date is disputed). The city became "Edirne" in Turkish, reflecting the Turkish pronunciation."It served as the capital of the Ottoman Empire from 1413 until 1458 and flourished as an administrative, commercial, and cultural centre." "Edirne" Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 19 December 2014 Murad moved the Ottoman capital to Adrianople. Mehmed the Conqueror (Sultan Mehmed II) was born in Adrianople, where he fell under the influence of some Hurufis dismissed by Taş Köprü Zade in the Şakaiki Numaniye as "Certain accursed ones of no significance", who were burnt as heretics by a certain Mahmud Pasha.John Kingsley Birge, The Bektashi Order of Dervishes, 1982 (p 60 - 62)The city remained the Ottoman capital for 84 years until 1453, when Mehmed II took Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) and moved the capital there.Edirne is famed for its many mosques, domes, minarets, and palaces from the Ottoman period.

Modern period

(File:280713-2114AA.jpg|thumb|left|Edirne in the first quarter of the 20th century. In the background is the Selimiye Mosque)(File:Edirne belediyesi.JPG|thumb|left|Edirne Municipality)Under Ottoman rule, Adrianople was the principal city of the administrative unit, the eponymous Eyalet of Adrianople, and after land reforms in 1867, the Vilayet of Adrianople.Sultan Mehmed IV left the palace in Constantinople and died in Adrianople in 1693.During his exile in the Ottoman Empire, the Swedish king Charles XII stayed in the city during most of 1713."Adrianopel" in Nordisk familjebok (2nd edition, 1904)Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, lived in Edirne from 1863 to 1868. He was exiled there by the Ottoman Empire before being banished further to the Ottoman penal colony in Akka. He referred to Adrianople in his writings as the "Land of Mystery".WEB,weblink Bahá'í Reference Library - The Kitáb-i-Aqdas, Page 196, Reference.bahai.org, 31 December 2010, 30 July 2011, Adrianople was a sanjak centre during the Ottoman period and was bound to, successively, the Rumeli Eyalet and Silistre Eyalet before becoming a provincial capital of the Eyalet of Edirne at the beginning of the 19th century; until 1878, the Eyalet of Adrianople comprised the sanjaks of Edirne, Tekfurdağı, Gelibolu, Filibe, and İslimye.Adrianople was briefly occupied by imperial Russian troops in 1829 during the Greek War of Independence and in 1878 during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878. The city suffered a fire in 1905. In 1905 it had about 80,000 inhabitants, of whom 30,000 were Turks; 22,000 Greeks; 10,000 Bulgarians; 4,000 Armenians; 12,000 Jews; and 2,000 more citizens of unclassified ethnic/religious backgrounds.{{citation needed|date=April 2017}}Adrianople was a vital fortress defending Ottoman Constantinople and Eastern Thrace during the Balkan Wars of 1912–13. It was briefly occupied by the Bulgarians in 1913, following the Siege of Adrianople. The Great Powers–Britain, Italy, France, and Russia–forced the Ottoman Empire to cede Adrianople to Bulgaria at the end of First Balkan War, which created a political scandal in the Ottoman government in Constantinople (as Adrianople was a former capital of the Empire), leading to the 1913 Ottoman coup d'état. Although it was victorious in the coup, the Committee of Union and Progress was unable to keep Adrianople, but under Enver Pasha (who proclaimed himself the "second conqueror of Adrianople", after Murad I), it was retaken from the Bulgarians soon after the Second Balkan War began.It was occupied by the Greeks between the Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 and their defeat at the end of the Greco-Turkish War, also known as the Western Front of the larger Turkish War of Independence, in 1922.Adrianople became known in Western languages as "Edirne" circa 1930.Romein, Jan (translated by R. T. Clark). The Asian Century: A History of Modern Nationalism in Asia (De eeuw van Azie). University of California Press, 1962. p. 170. "In 1930 geographical names were 'turkicized'. [...] Adrianople Edirne, and so on."According to the 2007 census, Edirne Province had a population of 382,222 inhabitants. The city is a commercial centre for woven textiles, silks, carpets and agricultural products.{{wide image|20120604 Edirne view from the top of the Minaret of Selimiye Mosque Edirne Turkey Panoramic.jpg|1100px|align-cap=center|Panoramic view of the city from Selimiye Mosque.}}

Ecclesiastical history

File:Edirne 7349 Nevit.JPG|thumb|right|250px|Ottoman külliye and hospital built by Bayezid IIBayezid IIAdrianople was made the seat of a Greek metropolitan and of an Armenian bishop. Adrianople is also the centre of a Bulgarian diocese, but not recognized and deprived of a bishop. The city also had some Protestants. The Latin Catholics, foreigners for the most part, and not numerous, were dependent on the vicariate-apostolic of Constantinople. At Adrianople itself were the parish of St. Anthony of Padua (Minors Conventual) and a school for girls conducted by the Sisters of Charity of Agram. In the suburb of Karaağaç were a church (Minor Conventuals), a school for boys (Assumptionists) and a school for girls (Oblates of the Assumption). Each of its mission stations, at Tekirdağ and Alexandroupoli, had a school (Minor Conventuals), and there was one at Gallipoli (the Assumptionists).Around 1850, from the standpoint of the Eastern Catholic Churches, Adrianople was the residence of a Bulgarian vicar-apostolic for the 4,600 Eastern Catholics of the Ottoman vilayet (province) of Thrace and after 1878 - of the principality of Bulgaria. They had 18 parishes or missions, 6 of which were in the principality, with 20 churches or chapels, 31 priests, of whom 6 were Assumptionists and 6 were Resurrectionists; 11 schools with 670 pupils. In Adrianople itself were only a very few United Bulgarians, with an Episcopal church of St. Elias, and the churches of St. Demetrius and Sts. Cyril and Methodius. The last is served by the Resurrectionists, who have also a college of 90 pupils. In the suburb of Karaağaç, the Assumptionists have a parish and a seminary with 50 pupils. Besides the Eastern Catholic Bulgarians, the above statistics included the Greek Catholic missions of Malgara (now Malkara) and Daoudili (now Davuteli village in Malkara), with 4 priests and 200 faithful, because from the civil point of view belonged to the Bulgarian Vicariate.Later however, the Roman Catholic diocese was discontinued, and exists only in name as a titular metropolitan archbishopric, under the full name Hadrianopolis in Haemimonto to distinguish it from several other titular sees named Hadrianopolis.In 2018, archaeologists discovered remains of a Byzantine church. The church was built around 500 AD and it was an early Byzantine period building.Remains of 1500-year old Byzantine church found in Turkey's northwest

Geography

Climate

Edirne has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa) with long, hot summers and cold and occasionally snowy winters.{{Weather box |metric first= Yes |single line= Yes |location= Edirne (1930–2017)|Jan record high C = 20.5|Feb record high C = 23.3|Mar record high C = 28.0|Apr record high C = 33.5|May record high C = 37.1|Jun record high C = 42.6|Jul record high C = 44.1|Aug record high C = 40.8|Sep record high C = 37.8|Oct record high C = 35.8|Nov record high C = 28.0|Dec record high C = 22.8|year record high C = 44.1|Jan high C = 6.4|Feb high C = 9.1|Mar high C = 13.2|Apr high C = 19.1|May high C = 24.6|Jun high C = 29.1|Jul high C = 31.7|Aug high C = 31.7|Sep high C = 27.2|Oct high C = 20.5|Nov high C = 13.9|Dec high C = 8.3|year high C = 19.6|Jan mean C = 2.7|Feb mean C = 4.5|Mar mean C = 7.6|Apr mean C = 12.9|May mean C = 18.1|Jun mean C = 22.4|Jul mean C = 24.8|Aug mean C = 24.4|Sep mean C = 19.9|Oct mean C = 14.2|Nov mean C = 9.1|Dec mean C = 4.6|year mean C = 13.8|Jan low C = -0.6|Feb low C = 0.3|Mar low C = 2.8|Apr low C = 7.0|May low C = 11.6|Jun low C = 15.3|Jul low C = 17.2|Aug low C = 17.1|Sep low C = 13.3|Oct low C = 9.1|Nov low C = 5.0|Dec low C = 1.2|year low C = 8.3|Jan record low C = -19.5|Feb record low C = -19.0|Mar record low C = -12.0|Apr record low C = -4.1|May record low C = 0.7|Jun record low C = 6.0|Jul record low C = 8.0|Aug record low C = 8.9|Sep record low C = 0.2|Oct record low C = -3.7|Nov record low C = -9.4|Dec record low C = -14.9|year record low C = -19.5|precipitation colour = green|Jan precipitation mm = 66.7|Feb precipitation mm = 52.0|Mar precipitation mm = 51.6|Apr precipitation mm = 47.2|May precipitation mm = 53.3|Jun precipitation mm = 46.5|Jul precipitation mm = 32.3|Aug precipitation mm = 22.4|Sep precipitation mm = 37.2|Oct precipitation mm = 57.7|Nov precipitation mm = 68.1|Dec precipitation mm = 70.0|year precipitation mm = 605.0|Jan precipitation days = 12.4|Feb precipitation days = 9.8|Mar precipitation days = 9.9|Apr precipitation days = 10.1|May precipitation days = 10.3|Jun precipitation days = 8.5|Jul precipitation days = 5.5|Aug precipitation days = 3.9|Sep precipitation days = 4.8|Oct precipitation days = 7.7|Nov precipitation days = 10.6|Dec precipitation days = 13.2|year precipitation days = 106.7|Jan humidity = 82|Feb humidity = 77|Mar humidity = 73|Apr humidity = 68|May humidity = 68|Jun humidity = 64|Jul humidity = 57|Aug humidity = 57|Sep humidity = 63|Oct humidity = 73|Nov humidity = 81|Dec humidity = 83|year humidity = 71|Jan sun = 77.5|Feb sun = 104.5|Mar sun = 142.6|Apr sun = 195.0|May sun = 263.5|Jun sun = 297.0|Jul sun = 341.0|Aug sun = 322.4|Sep sun = 240.0|Oct sun = 170.5|Nov sun = 102.0|Dec sun = 71.3|Jand sun = 2.5|Febd sun = 3.7|Mard sun = 4.6|Aprd sun = 6.5|Mayd sun = 8.5|Jund sun = 9.9|Juld sun = 11.0|Augd sun = 10.4|Sepd sun = 8.0|Octd sun = 5.5|Novd sun = 3.4|Decd sun = 2.3|source 1 = Turkish State Meteorological ServiceWEB,weblink 11 January 2019,weblink Resmi İstatistikler: İllerimize Ait Genel İstatistik Verileri, Turkish State Meteorological Service, Turkish, 10 January 2019, |source 2 = Deutscher Wetterdienst (humidity 1931–1960)WEB,weblink Klimatafel von Edirne / Türkei, Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world, Deutscher Wetterdienst, German, 12 January 2019, |date=September 2016 }}

Points of interest

File:GrandSynagogueEdirne (2).JPG|thumb|Grand Synagogue of EdirneGrand Synagogue of EdirneSituated {{convert|7|km|mi|abbr=on}} near the Greek and {{convert|20|km|mi|abbr=on}} Bulgarian borders, Edirne is famed for its many mosques, domes and minarets. The Selimiye Mosque, built in 1575 and designed by Turkey's greatest master architect, Mimar Sinan (c. 1489/1490–1588), is one of the most important monuments in the city. It has the highest minarets in Turkey, at {{convert|70.90|m|ft|abbr=on}} and a cupola {{convert|3|or|4|ft|m|abbr=on}} higher than that of Hagia Sophia, the Byzantine Orthodox Cathedral (now museum) in Istanbul. Carrying the name of the then reigning Ottoman Sultan Selim II (r. 1566–1574), this mosque futures Turkish marble handicrafts, and it is covered with valuable tiles and fine paintings. Other notable mosques are Eski Cami (Old Mosque), and Burmalı Cami (Serpent Mosque), aka Üç Şerefeli Mosque.WEB,weblink Edirne Vergi Dairesi Başkanlığı, Üç Şerefeli Cami, Turkish, 9 May 2015, Edirne has three historic covered bazaars: Arasta, next to Selimiye Mosque, Bedesten next to Eski Cami and Ali Paşa Çarşısı (Ali Pasha Bazaar).Besides the mosques, there are visitor attractions in Edirne, all reflecting its rich past. The most prominent place being the Edirne Palace ( for "New Imperial Palace") in Sarayiçi quarter, built during the reign of Murad II (r. 1421–1444). Although the buildings of the palace and its bath (Kum Kasrı Hamamı) are in ruined form, the palace gate and the palace kitchen facility are restored. The Kasr-ı Adalet ("Justice Castle"), built as part of the palace complex, stands intact next to the small Fatih Bridge over the Tunca river.WEB,weblink Edirne Vergi Dairesi Başkanlığı, Saraylar, Turkish, 9 May 2015, Another notable building in the area is the Trakya University's Bayezid II Külliye Health Museum, an important monument with its complex construction comprising many facilities used in those times.The Balkan Wars Memorial Cemetery is located close to the Edirne Palace, with an unknown soldier monument featuring an Ottoman soldier in front of its entrance.WEB,weblink Edirne Vergi Dairesi Başkanlığı, Anıtlar, Turkish, 9 May 2015, The historic Grand Synagogue of Edirne, abandoned and ruined, was restored and re-opened in March 2015. A Roman Catholic and two Bulgarian Orthodox churches are found in the city.Edirne has several historic arch bridges crossing over the rivers Meriç and Tundzha, which flow around west and south of the city.There are caravansaries, like the Rustem Pasha and Ekmekcioglu Ahmet Pasha caravansaries, which were designed to host travelers, in the 16th century.The historic Karaağaç railway station hosts today, after redevelopment, the Trakya University's Faculty of Fine Arts in Karaağaç suburb of Edirne. Next to it, the Treaty of Lausanne Monument and Museum are situated.

Culture

(File:Yagli gures1.jpg|thumb|left|Oil-wrestling at Kırkpınar)The traditional oil-wrestling tournament called Kırkpınar, is held every year in late June or early July.BOOK, Sport in the Middle East: Power, Politics, Ideology and Religion, Hong, Fan, Routledge, 2017, 978-1351547963, 58, Kakava, an international festival celebrating the Roma people is held on 5 May each year.WEB,weblink Kakava'da ateş yakıldı, www.hurriyet.com.tr, tr, 2019-03-09, A cultural partnership with Lörrach, Germany began in 2006. The goal is to exchange pupils and students to improve their cultural skills and understanding.Edirne is well known for local dishes. "Ciğer tava" (breaded and deep-fried liver) is often served with a side of cacık, a cool dish of diluted strained yogurt with chopped cucumber. Also, locally-made marzipan, which has a different recipe from standard marzipan, is one of traditional desserts of Edirne.Handmade brooms with a mirror in them are one of the cultural images of the city and a central marriage tradition. Miniature versions are still sold in gift shops.

Economy

File:AliPaşaÇarşısıEdirne (2).JPG|thumb|Ali Paşa Çarşısı (Ali Pasha BazaarBazaarEdirne's economy largely depends on agriculture. 73% of the working population work in agriculture, fishing, forests and hunting. The lowlands are productive. Corn, sugarbeets and sunflowers are the leading crops. Melons, watermelons, rice, tomatoes, eggplants and viniculture are important.The through highway that connects Europe to Istanbul, Anatolia and the Middle East passes through Edirne.Historic buildings and events have elevated tourism's role in the economy.Industry is developing. Agriculture-based industries (agro-industries) are especially important for the city's economy.{{Expand section|date=June 2007}}

Education

File:TrakyaUNI6.JPG|thumb|Main building of Trakya UniversityTrakya UniversityFile:KaraağaçRailwayStation (6).JPG|thumb|Faculty of Fine Arts building of Trakya University, originally built as Karaağaç railway stationKaraağaç railway station

Universities

High schools

  • Beykent Educational Institutions
  • 80th Year of Republic Anatolian High School (80. Yıl Cumhuriyet Anadolu Lisesi in Turkish)
  • Edirne Anatolian Teacher Training High School (Edirne Anadolu Öğretmen Lisesi in Turkish: It has been transformed into Edirne Social Sciences High School)
  • Edirne Anatolian Technical High School (Edirne Anadolu Teknik Lisesi in Turkish)
  • Edirne Beykent High School of Science (Özel Edirne Beykent Fen Lisesi)
  • Edirne Beykent High School of Anatolian (Özel Edirne Beykent Anadolu Lisesi)
  • Edirne High School (Anatolian High School) (Edirne Lisesi in Turkish)
  • Edirne Ilhami Ertem High School (Edirne Ä°lhami Ertem LÄ°sesi in Turkish)
  • Edirne Industrial Vocational High School (Edirne Endüstri Meslek Lisesi in Turkish)
  • Edirne Milli Piyango Trade Profession High School (Edirne Milli Piyango Ticaret Meslek Lisesi)
  • Edirne Suleyman Demirel Science & Maths High School (Edirne Fen Lisesi in Turkish)
  • Edirne Yildirim Anatolian High School (Edirne Anadolu Lisesi - Yıldırım Anadolu Lisesi in Turkish)
  • Edirne Fine Arts High School (Edirne Güzel Sanatlar Lisesi in Turkish)

Gallery

File:Decorative inscription in Ulu Mosque Edirne gold.svg|Calligraphic inscription at the Eski Cami (Old Mosque) in EdirneEdirne: Eski Cami - Ulu CamiFile:Interior_of_Old_Mosque_in_Edirne.jpg|Interior of Eski CamiFile:BabüsSaadeEdirne.JPG|Edirne Palace:Felicity Gate and Panoramic Pavilion in the backgroundFile:MeriçBridgeEdirne.JPG|Meriç BridgeFile:Edirne_Graveyard_7345_Nevit.JPG|Ottoman graveyardFile:Sts._Constantine_and_Helen_Church_(Edirne),_Front.jpg|Sts. Constantine and Helena Bulgarian ChurchFile:FatihBridge&Kasr-ıAdaletEdirne.JPG|Fatih Bridge over the Tunca River, with the Kasr-ı Adalet (Justice Pavilion) tower seen in the backgroundFile:HistoricHouseEdirne (4).JPG|A house in Edirne from the Ottoman periodFile:Ghazi Mihal Mosque.jpg|Ghazi Mihal MosqueFile:Muradiye mosque 3447.jpg|Part of Muradiye Mosque mihrabFile:Muradiye mosque 3468.jpg|Muradiye Mosque frontFile:Roman Walls and Tower 0209.jpg|A Roman Tower still standingFile:Synagogue 3366.jpg|Synagogue interiorFile:Synagogue 3390.jpg|Synagogue exteriorFile:Medical museum 3080.jpg|Traction on vertreba

Quarters

{hide}columns-list|colwidth=18em|
  • Avrupa Kent
  • AyÅŸekadın
  • Binevler
  • Esentepe
  • Kaleiçi
  • KaraaÄŸaç
  • Kavgaz
  • Kıyık
  • KiriÅŸhane
  • Kooperatifevleri
  • KutlutaÅŸ
  • Küçükpazar
  • Muradiye
  • Saraçhane
  • Umur Bey
  • Yıldırım
{edih}

Twin cities

{hide}columns-list|colwidth=30em| }}

Notable people

Sultans
  • Bayezid I (1360—1403), Ottoman sultan from 1389 to 1402
  • Mahmud I (1696—1754), Ottoman sultan from 1730 to 1754
  • Mehmed the Conqueror (1432–1481), Ottoman sultan who conquered Costantinople (today Istanbul)
  • Mustafa II (1664–1703), Ottoman sultan from 1695 to 1703
  • Osman III (1699—1757), Ottoman sultan from 1754 to 1757
  • Åžahin Giray (1745-1787), last khan of Crimea


Historical


Contemporary

See also

Referencesweblink

Further reading

  • BOOK, Gökbilgin, M. Tayyib, 1991, Edirne, Encyclopaedia of Islam, Volume 2, 2nd, Brill, Leiden, 683–686, 90-04-07026-5,weblink
  • JOURNAL, Wasti, Syed Tanvir, The 1912-13 Balkan Wars and the Siege of Edirne, Middle Eastern Studies, 40, 4, July 2004, 59–78, Taylor & Francis, Ltd., 4289928, 10.1080/00263200410001700310,
  • JOURNAL, Yerolympous, Alexandra,weblink A Contribution to the Topography of 19th Century Adrianople, Balkan Studies, 49–72,

External links

Edirne Stone Bridges - "History of Edirne"{{Wikisource1911Enc|Adrianople (city)|Edirne}}{{Commons|Edirne}} {{Edirne}}{{Districts of Turkey|provname=Edirne}}{{Coord|41|40|N|26|34|E|type:city|display=title}}{{Authority control}}

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