Duke of Burgundy

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Duke of Burgundy
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{{about||the butterfly|Hamearis lucina|the 2014 film|The Duke of Burgundy}}

name Duchy of Burgundy

110px)(File:Arms of Eudes de Bourgogne.svg) | image_size = | alt = | caption = | creation_date = 880 | creation = | monarch = | peerage = Peerage of France | baronetage = Richard, Duke of Burgundy>Richard the Justiciar
    | present_holder = | heir_apparent = | heir_presumptive = | remainder_to = | subsidiary_titles = | status = Extinct
    • 5 January 1477 (fief)
    • 22 March 1761 (courtesy title){edih}
    }}Duke of Burgundy () was a title used by the rulers of the Duchy of Burgundy, from its establishmemt in 843 to its annexation by France in 1477, and later by Habsburg sovereigns of the Burgundian Low Countries (1478-1556).The Duchy of Burgundy a small portion of traditional lands of Burgundians west of river Saône which in 843 was allotted to Charles the Bald's kingdom of West Franks. Under the Ancien Régime, the Duke of Burgundy was the premier lay peer of the kingdom of France. Beginning with Robert II of France, the title was held by the Capetians, the French royal family. It was granted to Robert's younger son, Robert, who founded the House of Burgundy. When the senior line of the House of Burgundy became extinct, it was inherited by John II of France through proximity of blood. John granted the duchy as an appanage for his younger son, Philip the Bold. The Valois Dukes of Burgundy became dangerous rivals to the senior line of the House of Valois.When the male line of the Valois Dukes of Burgundy became extinct in 1477, the Duchy of Burgundy was confiscated by Louis XI of France. The title Duke of Burgundy passed to Habsburg monarchs via marriage. The Habsburgs used it to have a claim on Burgundy proper and to rule their Burgundian Inheritance. Today, the title is used by the House of Bourbon as a revived courtesy title.

    List of Dukes of Burgundy

    Bosonid dynasty (880–956)

    The first margrave (marchio), later duke (dux), of Burgundy was Richard of the House of Ardennes, whose duchy was created from the merging of several regional counties of the kingdom of Provence which had belonged to his brother Boso.His descendants and their relatives by marriage ruled the duchy until its annexation over a century later by the French crown, their suzerain.

    Robertian dynasty (956–1002)

    House of Ivrea (1002–1004)

    House of Capet (1004–1032)

    In 1004, Burgundy was annexed by the king, of the House of Capet. Otto William continued to rule what would come to be called the Free County of Burgundy. His descendants formed another House of Ivrea.
    • Robert (1004–1016) (also king of the Franks as Robert II)
    • Henry (1016–1032) (also king of the Franks as Henry I)

    House of Burgundy (1032–1361)

    Robert, son of Robert II of France, received the Duchy as a peace settlement, having disputed the succession to the throne of France with his brother Henry.{| width=95% class="wikitable"!Picture!Name!Birth!Became Duke!Ruled until!Death!Notes!Arms
    (File:Robert le Vieux.jpg Robert I, Duke of Burgundy the Old (Robert Ier le Vieux) > 1011 align="center" 21 March 1076 align="center" colspan=2| Younger son of Robert II of France.
    align=centerHugh I, Duke of Burgundy>Hugh I (Hugues Ier) align="center" 21 March 1076 align="center" 29 August 1093 align="center" colspan=2| Eldest son of Henry of Burgundy, grandson of Robert I. Abdicated in favour of his younger brother, Odo.
    (File:Odo I.jpg Eudes I, Duke of Burgundy the Red (Eudes Ier Borel le Roux) > 1058 align="center" 23 March 1103 align="center" colspan=2Odo_I}}
    (File:Hugh II.jpg Hugh II, Duke of Burgundy (Hugues II) > 1084 align="center" 1143 align="center" colspan=2| Son of Odo I
    (File:Odo II.jpg Odo II, Duke of Burgundy (Eudes II) > 1118 align="center" 27 June/27 September 1162 align="center" (File:Arms of Eudes de Bourgogne.svg|70px)
    (File:Hugh_III.jpg Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy (Hugues III) > 1142 align="center" 25 August 1192 align="center" (File:Arms of Eudes de Bourgogne.svg|70px)
    (File:Sceau de Eudes III Duc de Bourgogne.png Eudes III, Duke of Burgundy (Eudes III) > 1166 align="center" 6 July 1218 align="center" (File:Arms of Eudes de Bourgogne.svg|70px)
    (File:Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy.jpg Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy (Hugues IV) > 9 March 1213 align="center" 27 October 1271 align="center" (File:Arms of Eudes de Bourgogne.svg|70px)
    (File:Robert II of Burgundy.jpg Robert II, Duke of Burgundy (Robert II) > 1248 align="center" 21 March 1306 align="center" (File:Arms of Eudes de Bourgogne.svg|70px)
    (File:Hugo V.jpg Hugh V, Duke of Burgundy (Hugues V) > 1282 align="center" 9 May 1315 align="center" (File:Arms of Eudes de Bourgogne.svg|70px)
    (File:Eudes IV.jpg Eudes IV, Duke of Burgundy (Eudes IV) > 1295 align="center" 3 April 1350 align="center" (File:Arms of Eudes de Bourgogne.svg|70px)
    (File:Philip I of Burgundy.jpg Philip I, Duke of Burgundy of Rouvres (Philippe Ier de Rouvres) > 1346 align="center" 21 November 1361 align="center" (File:Arms of Eudes de Bourgogne.svg|70px)

    House of Valois-Burgundy (1363–1482)

    John II of France, the second Valois king, successfully claimed the Duchy after the death of Philip, the last Capet duke. John then passed the duchy to his youngest son Philip as an apanage.{| width=95% class="wikitable"!Picture!Name!Birth!Became Duke!Ruled until!Death!Notes!Arms Image:16th-century unknown painters - Philip the Bold - WGA23677.jpg > Philip the Bold the Bold (Philippe II le Hardi) > 15 January 1342 align="center" 27 April 1404 align="center" (File:Arms of Philippe le Hardi.svg|70px) Image:John duke of burgundy.jpg > John the Fearless the Fearless (Jean I sans Peur) > 28 May 1371 align="center" 10 September 1419 align="center" (File:Arms of Jean Sans Peur.svg|70px) Image:Philip the good.jpg > Philip the Good the Good (Philippe III le Bon) > 31 July 1396 align="center" 15 June 1467 align="center" (File:Arms of Philippe le Bon.svg|70px) Image:Charles the Bold 1460.jpg > Charles the Bold the Bold (Charles Ier le Téméraire) > 21 November 1433 align="center" 5 January 1477 align="center" (File:Arms of Philippe le Bon.svg|70px) Image:Maître de la Légende de Sainte Marie-Madeleine, Sainte Marie-Madeleine (15–16ème siècle).jpg > Mary of Burgundy the Rich > 13 February 1457 align="center" 27 March 1482 align="center" (File:Arms of Philippe le Bon.svg|70px)

    House of Habsburg (1482–1700)

    {{See also|House of Habsburg}}In 1477, the territory of the Duchy of Burgundy was annexed by France. In the same year, Mary married Maximilian, Archduke of Austria, giving the Habsburgs control of the remainder of the Burgundian Inheritance.Although the territory of the Duchy of Burgundy itself remained in the hands of France, the Habsburgs remained in control of the title of Duke of Burgundy and the other parts of the Burgundian inheritance, notably the Low Countries and the Free County of Burgundy in the Holy Roman Empire. They often used the term Burgundy to refer to it (e.g. in the name of the Imperial Circle it was grouped into), until the late 18th century, when the Austrian Netherlands were lost to French Republic. The Habsburgs also continued to claim Burgundy proper until the Treaty of Cambrai in 1529, when they surrendered their claim in exchange for French recognition of Imperial sovereignty over Flanders and Artois. {| width=95% class="wikitable"!Picture!Name!Birth!Became Duke!Ruled until!Death!Notes!Arms Image:Juan de Flandes 004.jpg > Philip I of Castile the Handsome (Philippe IV le Beau) > 22 July 1478 align="center" 25 September 1506 align="center"Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor>Maximilian of Habsburg align=center70px) Image:Charles5orley.jpg > Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor > 24 February 1500 align="center" 16 January 1556align="center" Eldest son of Philip the Handsome. Also Charles I of Aragon and Castile, and Holy Roman Emperor Charles Valign=center|

    House of Bourbon, claimants of the title (1682–1713)

    {{See also|House of Bourbon}}

    House of Habsburg (1713–1918)

    House of Bourbon, revived title (1975–present)

    See also

    Further reading

    • Calmette, Joseph. Doreen Weightman, trans. The Golden Age of Burgundy; the Magnificent Dukes and Their Courts. New York: W.W. Norton, 1962.
    • Chaumé, Maurice. Les Origines du Duché de Bourgogne. 2v. in 4 parts. Dijon: Jobard, 1925 (Darmstadt: npub, 1977).
    • Michael, Nicholas. Armies of Medieval Burgundy 1364–1477. London: Osprey, 1983. {{ISBN|0-85045-518-9}}.
    • Vaughan, Richard. Valois Burgundy. London: Allen Lane, 1975. {{ISBN|0-7139-0924-2}}.
    {{Commons category|Dukes of Burgundy}}

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