Director of National Intelligence

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Director of National Intelligence
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{{short description|United States government official}}

| precursor = Director of Central Intelligence (DCI)| formation = April 22, 2005| first = John Negroponte#Principal Deputy Directors of National Intelligence>Principal Deputy}}}}The United States Director of National Intelligence (DNI) is the United States government Cabinet-level official—subject to the authority, direction, and control of the president of the United States—required by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 to: The director produces the President's Daily Brief (PDB), a top-secret document including intelligence from all the various agencies, given each morning to the president of the United States."CIA to Cede President's Brief to Negroponte", February 19, 2005, The Washington Post The PDB is seen by the president and other authorized individuals.On July 30, 2008, President George W. Bush issued Executive Order 13470,WEB, Executive Order 13470,weblink July 30, 2008, Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, November 22, 2016, amending Executive Order 12333 to strengthen the DNI's role.NEWS, Bush Orders Intelligence Overhaul, Associated Press, July 31, 2008, The New York Times,weblink Further, by Presidential Policy Directive 19 signed by Barack Obama in October 2012, the DNI was given overall responsibility for Intelligence Community whistleblowing and source protection.Under {{UnitedStatesCode|50|403-3a}}, "under ordinary circumstances, it is desirable" that either the director or the principal deputy director of National Intelligence be an active-duty commissioned officer in the armed forces or have training or experience in military intelligence activities and requirements. Only one of the two positions can be held by a military officer at any given time. The statute does not specify what rank the commissioned officer will hold during his or her tenure in either position. The DNI is appointed by the president and is subject to confirmation by the Senate, and serves at the pleasure of the president. The current acting DNI is Joseph Maguire, who took office on August 16, 2019.



Before the DNI was formally established, the head of the Intelligence Community was the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI), who concurrently served as the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).The 9/11 Commission recommended establishing the DNI position in its 9/11 Commission Report, not released until July 22, 2004, as it had identified major intelligence failures that called into question how well the intelligence community was able to protect U.S. interests against foreign terrorist attacks.Senators Dianne Feinstein, Jay Rockefeller and Bob Graham introduced S. 2645 on June 19, 2002, to create the Director of National Intelligence position. Other similar legislation soon followed. After considerable debate on the scope of the DNI's powers and authorities, the United States Congress passed the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 by votes of 336–75 in the House of Representatives, and 89–2 in the Senate. President George W. Bush signed the bill into law on December 17, 2004. Among other things, the law established the DNI position as the designated leader of the United States Intelligence Community and prohibited the DNI from serving as the CIA Director or the head of any other Intelligence Community element at the same time. In addition, the law required the CIA Director to "report" his agency's activities to the DNI.Critics say compromises during the bill's crafting led to the establishment of a DNI whose powers are too weak to adequately lead, manage and improve the performance of the US Intelligence Community.NEWS, Kaplan, Fred, You Call That a Reform Bill?, 7 December 2004, Slate (magazine), Slate,weblink In particular, the law left the United States Department of Defense in charge of the National Security Agency (NSA), the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), and the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA). (The limited DNI role in leading the US Intelligence Community is discussed on the Intelligence Community page.)


The first Director of National Intelligence was US Ambassador to Iraq John Negroponte who was appointed on February 17, 2005, by President George W. Bush, subject to confirmation by the Senate. It was reported that President Bush's first choice for DNI was former Director of Central Intelligence Robert M. Gates, who was serving as president of Texas A&M University, but who declined the offer.NEWS, The Washington Post, November 8, 2006,weblink Robert M. Gates profile, November 22, 2016, Negroponte was confirmed by a Senate vote of 98 to 2 in favor of his appointment on April 21, 2005, and he was sworn in by President Bush on that day.On February 13, 2007, John Michael McConnell became the second Director of National Intelligence, after Negroponte was appointed Deputy Secretary of State.Donald M. Kerr was confirmed by the U.S. Senate to be Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence on October 4, 2007, and sworn in on October 9, 2007. Kerr, from Virginia, was most recently the Director of the National Reconnaissance Office, and previously the Duty Director for Science and Technology at the US CIA and earlier in his career the Assistant Director of the Justice Department's FBI.Declan McCullagh at wrote on August 24, 2007, that the DNI site was configured to repel all search engines to index any page at This effectively made the DNI website invisible to all search engines and in turn, any search queries.NEWS,weblink Declan, McCullagh, Declan McCullagh, Feds use robots.txt files to stay invisible online. Lame., CNET, 2007-08-24, 2014-02-14, Ross Feinstein, Spokesman for the DNI, said that the cloaking was removed as of September 3, 2007. "We're not even sure how (the robots.txt file]) got there"{{spaced ndash}} but it was again somehow hidden the next day. Another blog entry by McCullagh on September 7, states that the DNI site should now be open to search engines.NEWS,weblink National Intelligence Web site no longer invisible to search engines, Declan, McCullagh, CNET, 2007-09-07, 2014-02-14, This explanation is plausible because some software used for web development has been known to cause servers to automatically generate and re-generate robots.txt, and this behavior can be difficult to turn off. Therefore, if the web developers working for the DNI had tried to solve the issue by simply removing robots.txt, it would have looked like it worked at first, but then fail once the server had undergone a self-check for the robots.txt file.WEB,weblink Auto generated robots.txt file in WordPress, Codegrad., February 10, 2013, 2013-08-12, dead,weblink" title="">weblink August 9, 2013, robots.txt has been configured to allow access to all directories for any agent.In September 2007, the Office of the DNI released "Intelligence Community 100 Day & 500 Day Plans for Integration & Collaboration". These plans include a series of initiatives designed to build the foundation for increased cooperation and reform of the U.S. Intelligence Community.WEB, ODNI News Release No. 20-07, September 13, 2007, Director of National Intelligence Moves Forward with Intelligence Reform,weblink, On July 20, 2010, President Obama nominated retired Lt. (three-star) Gen. James R. Clapper for the position. Clapper was confirmed by the Senate on August 5, and replaced acting Director David C. Gompert. The prior DNI was retired Navy four-star admiral Dennis C. Blair, whose resignation became effective May 28, 2010.NEWS, Miller, Greg,weblink Dennis C. Blair to resign as Director of National Intelligence, The Washington Post, May 21, 2010, June 3, 2010,

Office of the Director of National Intelligence

The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 established the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) as an independent agency to assist the DNI. The ODNI's goal is to effectively integrate foreign, military and domestic intelligence in defense of the homeland and of United States interests abroad.WEB, Public Affairs Office, ODNI,weblink Office of the Director of National Intelligence, ODNI, 14 April 2013, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 19 March 2013, The budget for the ODNI and the Intelligence Community for fiscal year 2013 was $52.6 billionWEB, National Intelligence Program, Budget for Fiscal Year 2013, 85,weblink US Government Publishing Office, 14 Apr 2013, and the base request for fiscal year 2014 was $48.2 billion.WEB, National Intelligence Program, The Budget for Fiscal Year 2014, 75, US Government Publishing Office,weblink 14 April 2013, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 19 April 2013, The Military Intelligence Program (MIP) base budget request for fiscal year 2014, excluding overseas contingency funds, is $14.6 billion, which together with the NIP, comprise an Intelligence Community budget request of $62.8 billion for fiscal year 2014.WEB, DoD Releases MIP Base Request for FY 2014,weblink Department of Defense, 14 April 2013, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 12 April 2013, The ODNI has about 1,750 employees.WEB, Clark, Charles, Lifting the Lid,weblink Government Executive, September 2012, 14 April 2013, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 2 January 2014, On March 23, 2007, DNI John Michael McConnell announced organizational changes, which include:
  • Elevating acquisition to a new Deputy DNI position
  • Creating a new Deputy DNI for Policy, Plans, and Requirements (replacing the Deputy DNI for Requirements position)
  • Establishing an Executive Committee
  • Designating the Chief of Staff position as the new Director of the Intelligence Staff
The ODNI continued to evolve under succeeding directors, culminating in a new organization focused on intelligence integration across the community. The ODNI has six centers and 15 Offices that, together with the centers, support the Director of National Intelligence as the head of the Intelligence Community (IC) in overseeing and directing implementation of the NIP and acting as the principal advisor to the President, the National Security Council, and the Homeland Security Council for intelligence matters related to national security.


The ODNI leadership includes the director, principal deputy director, and chief operating officer.WEB,weblink Leadership, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, live, 2019-09-27, In addition, the director of defense intelligence reports to the DNI.There are four directorates, each led by a deputy director of national intelligence:WEB,weblink Organization, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, live, 2019-09-27, There are four mission centers, each led by a director of that center: There are also four oversight offices:


Directors in chronological order

{{legend|#E6E6AA|Denotes an Acting Director of National Intelligence|border=black}}{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"!No.!colspan=2 |Director!Term of Office!{{nowrap|President(s) served under}}''Position succeeded the Director of Central Intelligence|1100px)|John Negroponte|April 21, 2005 – February 13, 2007George W. Bush|2100px)John Michael McConnell>Mike McConnell|February 13, 2007 – January 27, 2009|3100px)|Dennis C. Blair|January 29, 2009 – May 28, 2010Barack Obama – (File:David Gompert official portrait (cropped).jpg|100px) David Gompert{{small|Acting}} May 28, 2010 – August 5, 2010|4100px)|James R. Clapper|August 5, 2010 – January 20, 2017 – (File:Michael Dempsey (cropped).jpg|125x125px) Mike Dempsey (intelligence){{small>Acting}} January 20, 2017 – March 16, 2017Donald Trump|5100px)|Dan Coats|March 16, 2017 – August 15, 2019 – (File:Joseph Maguire official photo (cropped).jpg|125x125px) Joseph Maguire{{small|Acting}} August 16, 2019 bgcolor"#CCCCCC" align"center"">

Directors organized by length of service in office{{dagger}}{| class"sortable wikitable" bgcolor"#CCCCCC" align"center"

! # In Office !! Director !! Days !! Rank by Length of Term !! PresidentJames R. Clapper >201051201051Barack Obama>ObamaDan Coats >20171682017168Donald Trump>TrumpJohn Michael McConnell >20071312007131George W. Bush>G. W. BushJohn Negroponte >20052122005212George W. Bush>G. W. BushDennis C. Blair >20092952009295Barack Obama>Obama
  • {{dagger}}{{small|List does not include Acting Directors.}}

Line of succession

The line of succession for the Director of National Intelligence is as follows:JOURNAL,weblink Designation of Officers of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence To Act as Director of National Intelligence, 2013-09-25, Federal Register, 78 FR 59159, 2016-10-30,
  1. Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence
  2. Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Intelligence Integration
  3. Director of the National Counterterrorism Center
  4. Director of the National Counterintelligence and Security Center
  5. Inspector General of the Intelligence Community



Principal Deputy Directors of National Intelligence{| class"wikitable"

!Name!Term of Office!President(s) served underMichael Hayden (general)>Michael Hayden|April 21, 2005 – May 26, 2006|George W. Bush|Ronald L. Burgess Jr.|June 2006 – January 2007|George W. Bush|Donald Kerr|October 2007 – January 2009|George W. BushRonald L. Burgess Jr.{{small>Acting}}|January 2009 – February 2009|Barack Obama|David C. Gompert|November 10, 2009 – August 2010|Barack Obama|Stephanie O'Sullivan|February 18, 2011 – January 20, 2017|Barack Obama|Susan M. Gordon|August 7, 2017 – August 15, 2019|Donald Trump">

Chief Operating Officer{| class"wikitable"

!Name!Term of Office!President(s) served under|Deirdre Walsh|February 2018 – Present|Donald Trump">

Director of the Intelligence Staff/Chief Management Officer{| class"wikitable"

!Name!Term of Office!President(s) served under|Ronald L. Burgess Jr.|May 2007 – February 2009|George W. Bush, Barack Obama|John Kimmons|February 2009 – October 2010|Barack Obama|Mark Ewing|November 2010 – n/a|Barack Obama, Donald Trump">

Intelligence Community Inspector General{| class"wikitable"

!Name!Term of Office!President(s) served underCharles McCullough (Inspector General)>Charles McCulloughFIRST=KEVINDATE=FEBRUARY 12, 2018,, |Barack Obama, Donald TrumpMichael Atkinson (Inspector General)>Michael Atkinson|May 17, 2018 – Present|Donald Trump">

Deputy Directors of National Intelligence{| class"wikitable"

!Name!Office!Term of Office!President(s) served under|Beth Sanner|Mission IntegrationWEBSITE=WWW.DNI.GOV, 2019-08-09, – present|Donald TrumpWEBSITE=WWW.DNI.GOV, 2019-08-09, |Enterprise Capacity|n/a - present|Donald Trump|Karen Gibson|National Security PartnershipsDATE=2019-04-23LANGUAGE=EN-US, 2019-08-09, - present|Donald TrumpWEBSITE=WWW.DNI.GOV, 2019-08-09, |Strategy & Engagement|n/a - present|Donald Trump">

Assistant Directors of National Intelligence{| class"wikitable"

!Name!Office!Term of Office!President(s) served under|Deborah Kircher|ADNI for Human CapitalWEBSITE=WWW.DNI.GOV, 2019-08-09, – present|Barack Obama, Donald Trump|John ShermanAssociate Director of National Intelligence and Chief Information Officer>Intelligence Community Chief Information OfficerWEBSITE=WWW.DNI.GOV, 2019-08-09, -present|Donald TrumpWEBSITE=WWW.DNI.GOV, 2019-08-09, |Chief Financial Officer|n/a – present|Donald Trump|Catherine Johnston|ADNI for Systems and Resource AnalysesWEBSITE=WWW.DNI.GOV, 2019-08-09, – present|Donald TrumpWEBSITE=NATIONAL RECONNAISSANCE OFFICEACCESS-DATE=2019-08-09, |ADNI for Acquisition, Procurement and Facilities|n/a – present|Donald TrumpWEBSITE=WWW.DNI.GOV, 2019-08-09, |ADNI for Policy and Strategy (acting)|n/a – present|Donald Trump

See also

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External links

Articles {{Intelligence agencies of USA}}{{DNI}}{{Defense Intelligence Agency}}{{War on Terror}}

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