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Democratic Party of Japan
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{{distinguish|text=Democratic Party (Japan, 2016–2018), Democratic Party of Japan (1996-1998), Japan Democratic Party (1954-1955) or Democratic Party (Japan, 1947–1950)}}







factoids
|native_name = Minshutō|country = Japan|colorcode = {{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}|logo = Democratic Party of Japan Logo.svg|logo_size = 250px|leader =|chairman =|president = Katsuya Okada|secretary_general = Yukio Edano|leader1_title = Councilors leader|leader1_name = Akira Gunji|leader2_title = Representatives leader|leader2_name = Katsuya Okada
  • Democratic Party (1996)
  • Good Governance Party
  • New Fraternity Party
  • Democratic Reform Party
  • New Frontier Party (Japan)>New Frontier Party Democratic Party (Japan)>Democratic Party (2016)Nagatachō, Tokyo>Nagata-cho, Chiyoda, Tokyo 100-0014, Japan|newspaper =|youth_wing =|membership_year =|membership =|ideology = CentrismSocial liberalismCentrism>Centre to Centre-left politicsTAKASHI INOGUCHIEDITOR1=BENJAMIN ISAKHANTITLE=THE EDINBURGH COMPANION TO THE HISTORY OF DEMOCRACYYEAR=2012ISBN=978-0-7486-4075-1QUOTE=THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY OF JAPAN IS A CENTRE-LEFT PARTY, BUT IT CONTAINS A SIZEABLE UNION-BASED LEFT WING AND SOME MEMBERS CLOSE TO THE EXTREME RIGHT., MIRANDA SCHREURS>CHAPTER=JAPANEDITOR2=MARK LICHBACHTITLE=COMPARATIVE POLITICS: INTERESTS, IDENTITIES, AND INSTITUTIONS IN A CHANGING GLOBAL ORDERYEAR=2014ISBN=978-1-139-99138-4, 192, |national =Alliance of Democrats (political international)>Alliance of Democrats (2005–12){{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}} {{colour box|Black}} Red and black (informally)|website = www.dpj.or.jp}}The {{Nihongo|Democratic Party of Japan|民主党|Minshutō}} was a centristThe Democratic Party of Japan was widely described as centrist:
    • BOOK, Ethan Scheiner, Democracy Without Competition in Japan: Opposition Failure in a One-Party Dominant State,weblink 2006, Cambridge University Press, 978-0-521-84692-9, 43,
    • BOOK, David T Johnson, Franklin E Zimring, The Next Frontier: National Development, Political Change, and the Death Penalty in Asia,weblink 2009, Oxford University Press, 978-0-19-988756-9, 93,
    • BOOK, Lucien Ellington, Japan,weblink 2009, ABC-CLIO, 978-1-59884-162-6, 90,
    • BOOK, Patrick Koellner, The Democratic Party of Japan, Alisa Gaunder, Routledge Handbook of Japanese Politics,weblink 2011, Taylor & Francis, 978-1-136-81838-7, 28,
    • BOOK, Mark Kesselman, Joel Krieger, William Joseph, Introduction to Comparative Politics,weblink 2012, Cengage Learning, 1-111-83182-3, 221,
    • BOOK, Jeff Kingston, Contemporary Japan: History, Politics, and Social Change since the 1980s,weblink 2012, John Wiley & Sons, 978-1-118-31506-4, 132,
    • BOOK, Christopher W. Hughes, Japan's Economic Power and Security: Japan and North Korea,weblink 2013, Routledge, 978-1-134-63431-6, 16, political party in Japan from 1998 to 2016.
    The party's origins lie in the previous Democratic Party of Japan, which was founded in September 1996 by politicians of the centre-right and centre-left with roots in the Liberal Democratic Party and Japan Socialist Party.BOOK, Yu Uchiyama, Leadership Strategies: Redrawing boundaries among and within parties in Japan, Glenn D. Hook, Decoding Boundaries in Contemporary Japan: The Koizumi Administration and Beyond,weblink 2010, Routledge, 978-1-136-84099-9, 125, In April 1998 the previous DPJ merged with splinters of the New Frontier Party to create a new party which retained the DPJ name.BOOK, Gerald L. Curtis, The Logic of Japanese Politics: Leaders, Institutions, and the Limits of Change,weblink 1999, Columbia University Press, 978-0-231-50254-2, 193–194, In 2003 the party was joined by the Liberal Party of Ichirō Ozawa.Following the 2009 election, the DPJ became the ruling party in the House of Representatives, defeating the long-dominant Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and gaining the largest number of seats in both the House of Representatives and the House of Councillors. The DPJ was ousted from government by the LDP in the 2012 general election. It retained 57 seats in the lower house, and still had 88 seats in the upper house. During its time in office, the DPJ was beset by internal conflicts and struggled to implement many of its proposed policies, an outcome described by political scientists Phillip Lipscy and Ethan Scheiner as the "paradox of political change without policy change".Phillip Y. Lipscy and Ethan Scheiner. 2012. "Japan under the DPJ: The Paradox of Political Change without Policy Change". Journal of East Asian Studies 12(3): 311–322. Legislative productivity under the DPJ was particularly low, falling to levels unprecedented in recent Japanese history according to some measures.Kenji E. Kushida and Phillip Y. Lipscy. 2013. "The Rise and Fall of the Democratic Party of Japan". in Kenji E. Kushida and Phillip Y. Lipscy eds. Japan Under the DPJ: The Politics of Transition and Governance. Stanford: Brookings/Walter H. Shorenstein Asia Pacific Research Center. However, the DPJ implemented a number of progressive measures during its time in office such as the provision of free public schooling through high school, increases in child-rearing subsidies,Japan in Transformation, 1945–2010 (2nd edition) by Jeff Kingston expanded unemployment insurance coverage,BOOK, Handbook on East Asian Social Policy, Izuhara, M., 2013, Edward Elgar Publishing, Incorporated, 9780857930293,weblink 446, 12 December 2014, extended duration of a housing allowance,BOOK, Welfare through Work: Conservative Ideas, Partisan Dynamics, and Social Protection in Japan, Miura, M., 2012, Cornell University Press, 9780801465482,weblink 153, 12 December 2014, and stricter regulations safeguarding part-time and temporary workers.BOOK, Analysing Social Policy Concepts and Language: Comparative and Transnational Perspectives, Béland, D., Peterson, K., 2014, Policy Press, 9781447306443,weblink 207, 12 December 2014, On 27 March 2016 the DPJ merged with the Japan Innovation Party and Vision of Reform to form the Democratic Party (2016) (Minshintō)weblink is not to be confused with the now-defunct Japan Democratic Party that merged with the Liberal Party in 1955 to form the Liberal Democratic Party. It is also different from another Democratic Party (1947), which was established in 1947 and dissolved in 1950.

    History

    {{See also|Democratic Party of Japan (1996)|l1=the previous Democratic Party of Japan (1996–1998)}}

    Beginnings

    (File:Headquarters of the Democratic Party of Japan (2009.09 2).jpg|thumb|upright|Headquarters of the Democratic Party of Japan)The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) was formed on 27 April 1998.FACTBOX: Key facts about parties competing in Japan election, Reuters, 20 August 2009 It was a merger of four previously independent parties that were opposed to the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP)—the previous Democratic Party of Japan, the Good Governance Party (民政党, Minseitō), the New Fraternity Party (新党友愛, Shintō-Yūai), and the Democratic Reform Party (民主改革連合, Minshu-Kaikaku-Rengō). The previous parties ranged in ideology from conservative to social-democratic. The new party began with ninety-three members of the House of Representatives and thirty-eight members of the House of Councilors. Moreover, the party officials were elected as well at the party convention for the first time; Naoto Kan, former Health and Welfare Minister was appointed as the president of the party and Tsutomu Hata, former Prime Minister as Secretary-General.On 24 September 2003 the party formally merged with the small, centre-right Liberal Party led by Ichirō OzawaWEB,weblink The Democratic Party of Japan, 2008-09-06, 2006, Democratic Party of Japan, in a move largely considered in preparation for the 2003 general election held on 9 November 2003. This move immediately gave the DPJ eight more seats in the House of Councilors.In the 2003 general election the DPJ gained a total of 178 seats. This was short of their objectives, but nevertheless a significant demonstration of the new group's strength. Following a pension scandal, Naoto Kan resigned and was replaced with moderate liberal Katsuya Okada.In the 2004 House of Councilors elections, the DPJ won a seat more than the ruling Liberal Democrats, but the LDP still maintained its firm majority in total votes. This was the first time since its inception that the LDP had garnered fewer votes than another party.The 2005 snap parliamentary elections called by Junichiro Koizumi in response to the rejection of his Postal privatization bills saw a major setback to the DPJ's plans of obtaining a majority in the Diet. The DPJ leadership, particularly Okada, had staked their reputation on winning the election and driving the LDP from power. When the final results were in, the DPJ had lost 62 seats, mostly to its rival the LDP. Okada resigned the party leadership, fulfilling his campaign promise to do so if the DPJ did not obtain a majority in the Diet. He was replaced by Seiji Maehara in September 2005.However, Maehara's term as party leader lasted barely half a year. Although he initially led the party's criticism of the Koizumi administration, particularly in regards to connections between LDP lawmakers and scandal-ridden Livedoor, the revelation that a fake email was used to try and establish this link greatly damaged his credibility. The scandal led to the resignation of Representative Hisayasu Nagata and of Maehara as party leader on 31 March.Japan opposition leader resigns, BBC NEWS, 31 March 2006 New elections for party leader were held on 7 April, in which Ichirō Ozawa was elected President.Japanese opposition picks leader, BBC NEWS, 7 April 2006 In Upper House election 2007, the DPJ won 60 out of 121 contested seats, with 49 seats not up for re-election.

    2009–2012 government

    File:DPJ 2009830.png|thumb|200px|DPJ winning the 2009 general election ]]Ozawa resigned as party leader in May 2009 after a fundraising scandal and Yukio Hatoyama succeeded Ozawa before the August 2009 general election, at which the party swept the LDP from power in a massive landslide, winning 308 seats (out of a total of 480 seats), reducing the LDP from 300 to 119 seatsNEWS,weblink 'Major win' for Japan opposition, BBC News, 2009-08-30, 2009-08-31, NEWS,weblink 衆院党派別得票数・率(比例代表), (in Japanese) Jiji, 2009-08-31, {{dead link|date=November 2016 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }} - the worst defeat for a sitting government in modern Japanese history. This was in marked contrast to the closely contested 1993 general election, the only other time the LDP has lost an election. The DPJ's strong majority in the House of Representatives assured that Hatoyama would be the next prime minister. Hatoyama was nominated on September 16 and formally appointed later that day by Emperor Akihito.However, the DPJ did not have a majority in the House of Councillors, which was not contested at the election, and fell just short of the 320 seats (a two-thirds majority) needed to override the upper chamber's veto power. Hatoyama was thus forced to form a coalition government with the Social Democratic Party and the People's New Party to ensure their support in the House of Councillors.NEWS,weblink Hatoyama says DPJ will form coalition even if party performs well in election, 2009-08-22, Mainichi, {{dead link|date=September 2017 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}On 2 June 2010, Hatoyama announced his resignation before a party meeting and officially resigned two days later. He cited breaking a campaign promise to close an American military base on the island of Okinawa as the main reason for the move. On 28 May 2010, soon after and because of increased tensions after the possible sinking of a Korean ship by North Korea,WEB, Associated, The,weblink Japan's Leader Concedes To U.S. On Okinawa Base, NPR, 2010-05-23, 2010-06-02,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100525114037weblink">weblink 2010-05-25, Hatoyama had made a deal with U.S. President Barack ObamaNEWS, Hayashi, Yuka,weblink Japanese Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama Resigns; Search for New Leader Begins - WSJ.com, Online.wsj.com, 2 June 2010, 2010-06-02, WEB, MCAS Futenma to remain on Okinawa,weblink Marine Corps Times, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120322203458weblink">weblink 2012-03-22, NEWS,weblink Hatoyama, Obama to talk on Futenma Air Base: report, Reuters, 25 May 2010, 2010-06-02, WEB, The Yomiuri Shimbun,weblinkweblink" title="wayback.archive-it.org/all/20100605134728weblink">weblink yes, 2010-06-05, 'Obama nod' prompted Fukushima dismissal : National : DAILY YOMIURI ONLINE (The Daily Yomiuri), Yomiuri.co.jp, 2010-06-02, NEWS,weblink Obama, Hatoyama Satisfied With US Airbase Relocation - White House - WSJ.com, Online.wsj.com, 2010-05-27, 2010-06-02, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100601215552weblink">weblink June 1, 2010, to retain the base for security reasons, but the deal was unpopular in Japan. He also mentioned money scandals involving a top party leader, Ozawa, who resigned as well, in his decision to step down. Hatoyama had been pressured to leave by members of his party after doing poorly in polls in anticipation of the July upper house election.NEWS, Linda Sieg and Yoko Nishikawa,weblink Japan PM quits before election, yen sinks, Reuters, 2 June 2010, 2010-06-02, Naoto Kan succeeded Hatoyama as the next President of DPJ and Prime Minister of Japan.WEB,weblink Japan Democrats pick heavyweight Kan as next PM, 4 June 2010, 18 March 2018, Reuters, At the July 2010 House of Councillors election, the DPJ lost ten seats and their coalition majority. Prior to the election Kan raised the issue of an increase to Japan's 5 per cent consumption tax in order to address the country's rising debt. This proposal, together with Ozawa and Hatoyama's scandals, was viewed as one of the causes for the party's poor performance in the election. The divided house meant the government required the cooperation of smaller parties including Your Party and the Communist Party to ensure the passage of legislation through the upper house.WEB,weblink Kan Election Loss May Impede Effort to Cut Japan Debt, Bloomberg, Sakamaki, Sachiko, Hirokawa, Takashi, 12 July 2010, 7 June 2016, Ozawa challenged Kan's leadership of the DPJ in September 2010. Although Ozawa initially had a slight edge among DPJ members of parliament, local rank-and-file party members and activists overwhelmingly supported Kan, and according to opinion polls the wider Japanese public preferred Kan to Ozawa by as much as a 4–1 ratio.NEWS,weblink Japan public backs PM Kan vs Ozawa by wide margin – poll, Reuters, 6 September 2010, 7 June 2016, In the final vote by DPJ lawmakers Kan won with 206 votes to Ozawa's 200.NEWS,weblink Kan cruises to victory in DPJ election, The Japan Times, 15 September 2010, 7 June 2016, After the leadership challenge, Kan reshuffled his cabinet and removed many prominent members of the pro-Ozawa faction from important posts in the new cabinet.NEWS,weblink Prime minister makes bold move in shutting out Ozawa's influence, The Japan Times, 17 September 2010, 7 June 2016, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110623143844weblink">weblink 23 June 2011, The cabinet reshuffle also resulted in the promotion of long-time Kan ally Yoshito Sengoku to Chief Cabinet Secretary, who the LDP labeled as the "second" Prime Minister of the Kan cabinet.NEWS,weblink Sengoku's growing influence causes a stir, The Japan Times, 23 October 2010, 7 June 2016, In September 2010 the government intervened to weaken the surging yen by buying U.S. dollars, a move which temporarily relieved Japan's exporters.NEWS,weblink Naoto Kan government intervenes in currency market to weaken yen, The Christian Science Monitor, 15 September 2010, 7 June 2016, The move proved popular with stock brokers, Japanese exporters, and the Japanese public. It was the first such move by a Japanese government since 2004. Later, in October, after the yen had offset the intervention and had reached a 15-year high, the Kan cabinet approved a stimulus package worth about 5.1 trillion yen ($62 billion) in order to weaken the yen and fight deflation.NEWS,weblink Cabinet Approves $63 Billion Stimulus Plan to Fight Deflation, Rising Yen, Bloomberg, 25 October 2010, 7 June 2016, Toru, Fujioka,

    2012–2016 return to opposition and dissolution

    On 24 February 2016, the DPJ announced and agreement to merge with the smaller Japan Innovation Party (JIP) and Vision of Reform ahead of the Upper House elections in the summer,WEB,weblink DPJ endorses merger with Ishin no To; new party to form next month, Tomohiro, Osaki, Reiji, Yoshida, 24 February 2016, Japan Times Online, WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2016-03-17, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160315082356weblink">weblink 2016-03-15, with a merger at a special convention agreed for 27 March.WEB,weblink DPJ, Ishin to merge March 27 at special convention, 29 February 2016, 18 March 2018, Japan Times Online, On 4 March 2016, the DPJ and JIP asked supporters for suggestions for a name for the new party.WEB,weblink DPJ, Ishin no To invite entries for new party name, Reiji, Yoshida, 4 March 2016, 18 March 2018, Japan Times Online, On 14 March 2016 the name of the new party was announced as Minshintō, having been the most popular choice of possible names polled among voters.NHK World News. (March 14, 2016). DPJ, JIP decide on new party name: Minshinto. WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2016-03-14, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160314231312weblink">weblink 2016-03-14, WEB,weblink Introducing Minshin To, Japan’s new main opposition force, Reiji, Yoshida, 14 March 2016, 18 March 2018, Japan Times Online, With the addition of Representatives form Vision of Reform, the DPJ and JIP merged to form the Democratic Party on 27 March 2016.WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2016-03-28, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160328032107weblink">weblink 2016-03-28,weblink dissolution of the DPJ is mainly attributed to the fact that the reforms that the DPJ advocated for were hard to put into place because of electoral restrictions, economic restrictions, and the fact that the reforms that would reduce the power of the bureaucracy would help deprive the DPJ of the power to implement their other reforms. Other factors that affected the dissolution of the party were the internal conflicts that paralyzed the DPJ and the fact that the DPJ aligned itself with the foreign policy of the LDP.

    Ideology

    The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) called their philosophy {{nihongo|Democratic Centrism|(:ja:民主中道)|minshu-chūdō}}, which was determined in the first party convention on 27 April 1998.Out Basic Philosophy - Building a free and secure society on The Democratic Party of Japan's website accessed on May 12, 2010. {{ja icon}}The DPJ aimed to create a platform broad enough to encompass the views of politicians who had roots in either the Liberal Democratic Party or Japan Socialist Party. Party leader Naoto Kan compared the DPJ to the Olive Tree alliance of former Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi, and described his view that it needed to be "the party of Thatcher and Blair".

    View of the status quo

    The DPJ claimed themselves to be revolutionary in that they are against the status quo and the current governing establishment. The DPJ argued that the bureaucracy and the size of the Japanese government is too large, inefficient, and saturated with cronies and that the Japanese state is too conservative and inflexible. The DPJ wanted to "overthrow the ancient régime locked in old thinking and vested interests, solve the problems at hand, and create a new, flexible, affluent society which values people's individuality and vitality."Out Basic Philosophy - Building a free and secure society on The Democratic Party of Japan's website accessed on 17 May 2008.

    Political standpoint

    {{cquote|We stand for those who have been excluded by the structure of vested interests, those who work hard and pay taxes, and for people who strive for independence despite difficult circumstances. In other words, we represent citizens, taxpayers, and consumers. We do not seek a panacea either in the free market or in the welfare state. Rather, we shall build a new road of the democratic center toward a society in which self-reliant individuals can mutually coexist and the government's role is limited to building the necessary systems.}}

    Goals

    Democratic Centrism pursued the following five goals.
    • Transparent, just and fair society


    The Democratic Party sought to build a society governed with rules which are transparent, (wikt:just|just) and fair.
    • Free market and inclusive society


    While the party argued that the free market system should "permeate" economic life, they also aim for an inclusive society which guarantees security, safety, and fair and equal opportunity for each individual.
    • Decentralized and participatory society


    The party intended to devolve the centralized government powers to citizens, markets, and local governments so that people of all backgrounds can participate in decision-making.


    The Democratic Party proclaimed to hold the values in the meaning of the constitution to "embody the fundamental principles of the Constitution": popular sovereignty, respect for fundamental human rights, and pacifism.
    • International relations based on self-reliance and mutual coexistence


    As a member of the global community, the party sought to establish Japan's international relations in the fraternal spirit of self-reliance and mutual coexistence to restore the world's trust in the country.

    Policy platforms

    The DPJ's policy platforms included the restructuring of civil service, monthly allowance to a family with children (¥26,000 per child), cut in gas tax, income support for farmers, free tuition for public high schools, banning of temporary work in manufacturing,NEWS,weblink Japan election: unemployed turn on the government, 2009-08-27, The Daily Telegraph, London, Julian, Ryall, 1 May 2010, raising the minimum-wage to ¥1,000 and halting of increase in sales tax for the next four years.NEWS,weblink Opposition Woos Japan's Voters With Costly Vows, New York Times, 2009-08-03, Hiroko Tabuchi, NEWS,weblink Japan opposition may score landslide win: media, 2009-08-21, Reuters, Chisa, Fujioka, The DPJ's stance on nuclear power was that steady steps should be taken towards nuclear power, but not too quickly as to possibly endanger safety.BOOK, Zölzer, Friedo, Meskens, Gaston, Ethics of Environmental Health,weblink 21 April 2017, Taylor & Francis, 978-1-317-28686-8, 140,

    Structure

    {{update|date=December 2014}}

    Factions

    The DPJ had some political factions or groups, although they were not as factionalized as the LDP, which has traditionally placed high priority on intra-party factional alignment. The groups were, the most influential to the least influential: The Independent’s Club was a minor political party which formed a political entity with the DPJ in both chambers of the house.

    Presidents of the Democratic Party of Japan

    {{nihongo|The Presidents of Democratic Party of Japan|(:ja:民主党代表)|Minshutō Daihyō}}, the formal name is {{nihongo|民主党常任幹事会代表|Minshutō Jyōnin-Kanji-Kai Daihyō}}.{|class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"!rowspan=2|No.!rowspan="2"|Name!colspan=2|Term of office!rowspan=2 width=200|Election results!Took office!Left office'''Preceding parties: Democratic Party of Japan (1996) & New Frontier Party (Japan)>New Frontier Party*'''|1|Naoto Kan|27 April 1998|25 September 1999{{small1998|Unopposed}}}}{{small|{{hidden|Jan. 1999|Naoto Kan – 180Shigefumi Matsuzawa – 51Abstention – 8}}}}|2|Yukio Hatoyama|25 September 1999|10 December 2002{{small{{nowrapYukio Hatoyama – 154Naoto Kan – 109Takahiro Yokomichi - 57}}}}{{small|{{hidden|{{nowrap|Sep. 1999 2nd Round}}|Yukio Hatoyama – 182Naoto Kan – 130}}}}{{small|{{hidden|2000|Unopposed walkover}}}}{{small|{{hidden|{{nowrap|Sep. 2002 1st Round}}|Yukio Hatoyama – 294Naoto Kan – 221Yoshihiko Noda - 182Takahiro Yokomichi - 119}}}}{{small|{{hidden|{{nowrap|Sep. 2002 2nd Round}}|Yukio Hatoyama – 254Naoto Kan – 242}}}}|3|Naoto Kan|10 December 2002|18 May 2004{{smallDec. 2002|Naoto Kan – 104Katsuya Okada – 79}}}}|4|Katsuya Okada|18 May 2004|17 September 2005{{smallMay 2004|Unopposed}}}}{{small|{{hidden|Sep. 2004|Unopposed walkover}}}}|5|Seiji Maehara|17 September 2005|7 April 2006{{small|Seiji Maehara – 96Naoto Kan – 94Abstention – 3}}}}|6|Ichirō Ozawa|7 April 2006|16 May 2009{{smallApr. 2006|Ichirō Ozawa – 119Naoto Kan – 73}}}}{{small|{{hidden|Sep. 2006|Unopposed walkover}}}}{{small|{{hidden|2008|Unopposed walkover}}}}|7|Yukio Hatoyama|16 May 2009|4 June 2010{{smallDemocratic Party (Japan) leadership election, 2009>Yukio Hatoyama – 124Katsuya Okada – 95}}}}|8|Naoto Kan|4 June 2010|29 August 2011{{smallDemocratic Party (Japan) leadership election, June 2010>Naoto Kan – 291Shinji Tarutoko – 129}}}}{{small|{{hidden|Sep. 2010|Naoto Kan – 721Ichirō Ozawa – 491}}}}|9|Yoshihiko Noda|29 August 2011|25 December 2012{{smallDemocratic Party (Japan) leadership election, 2011>Banri Kaieda – 143Yoshihiko Noda – 102Seiji Maehara - 74Michihiko Kano - 52Sumio Mabuchi -24}}}}{{small|{{hidden|2011 2nd Round|Yoshihiko Noda – 215Banri Kaieda – 177}}}}{{small|{{hidden|2012|Yoshihiko Noda – 818Hirotaka Akamatsu – 154Kazuhiro Haraguchi – 123Michihiko Kano – 113}}}}|10|Banri Kaieda|25 December 2012|14 December 2014{{small|Banri Kaieda – 90 Sumio Mabuchi – 54}}}}|11|Katsuya Okada|14 December 2014|27 March 2016{{smallDemocratic Party (Japan) leadership election, 2015>Goshi Hosono - 298Katsuya Okada - 294Akira Nagatsuma - 168}}}}{{small|{{hidden|2015 2nd Round|Katsuya Okada - 133Goshi Hosono - 120}}}}Successor party: Democratic Party (2016)

    Election results

    All-time highest values are bolded">

    General election results{| class"wikitable sortable"

    ! Election! Leader! # of candidates! # of seats won! # of Constituency votes! % of Constituency vote! # of PR Block votes! % of PR Block vote! Government/opposition style="text-align:center;"! 2000| Yukio Hatoyama| 262127hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}}| 16,811,732| 27.61%| 15,067,990| 25.18%opposition}} style="text-align:center;"! 2003| Naoto Kan| 277177hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}}| 21,814,154| 36.66%| 22,095,636| 37.39%opposition}} style="text-align:center;"! 2005| Katsuya Okada| 299113hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}}| 24,804,786| 36.44%| 21,036,425| 31.02%opposition}} style="text-align:center;"! 2009| Yukio Hatoyama| 330308hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}}| 33,475,334| 47.43%| 29,844,799| 42.41%DPJ-People's New Party-Social Democratic Party (Japan)>SDP Government coalition}} style="text-align:center;"! 2012| Yoshihiko Noda| 26757hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}}| 13,598,773| 22.81%| 9,268,653| 15.49%opposition}} style="text-align:center;"! 2014| Banri Kaieda| 19873hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}}| 11,916,838| 22.50%| 9,775,991| 18.33%opposition}}">

    Councillors election results{| class"wikitable sortable"

    ! Election! Leader! # of seats total! # of seats won! # of National votes! % of National vote! # of Prefectural votes! % of Prefectural vote! Majority/Minority style="text-align:center;"! 1998| Naoto Kan47hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}}27hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}}| 12,209,685| 21.75%| 9,063,939| 16.20%Minority}} style="text-align:center;"! 2001| Yukio Hatoyama59hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}}26hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}}| 8,990,524| 16.42%| 10,066,552| 18.53%Minority}} style="text-align:center;"! 2004| Katsuya Okada82hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}}50hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}}| 21,137,457| 37.79%| 21,931,984| 39.09%Minority}} style="text-align:center;"! rowspan="2"| 2007 Ichirō Ozawa {{Composition bar242|hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}} {{Composition bar121|hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}} 23,256,247 39.48% 24,006,817 40.45%Non-governing plurality (until 2009)}}DPJ–Social Democratic Party (Japan)–People's New Party>PNP governing minority (since 2009)}} style="text-align:center;"! rowspan="2"| 2010 Naoto Kan {{Composition bar242|hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}} {{Composition bar121|hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}} 18,450,139 31.56% 22,756,000 38.97%DPJ–PNP governing minority (until 2012)}}Non-governing plurality (since 2012)}} style="text-align:center;"! 2013| Banri Kaieda59hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}}17hex={{Democratic Party of Japan/meta/color}}}}| 7,268,653| 13.4%| 8,646,371| 16.3%Minority}}

    See also

    References

    {{reflist}}

    Further reading

    External links

    {{Commons category|Democratic Party of Japan}} {{Democratic Party of Japan}}{{New Frontier Party (Japan)}}{{Democratic Party of Japan (1996)}}{{Democratic Party (Japan)}}{{Authority control}}

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