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Democracy Index
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{{short description|Wikipedia list article}}File:Democracy Index 2018.png|alt=|thumb|The (Economist Intelligence Unit]] Democracy Index map for 2018.WEB,weblink Democracy Index 2018: Me Too?, The Economist Intelligence Unit, 8 January 2019, The Economist Intelligence Unit, 13 January 2019, {{Dead link|date=July 2019 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}{{Col-begin}} {{Col-break}}Full democracies{{Legend|#006837|9.01–10}}{{legend|#1a9850|8.01–9}}{{Col-break}}Flawed democracies{{legend|#66bd63|7.01–8}}{{legend|#a6d96a|6.01–7}}{{Col-break}}Hybrid regimes{{legend|#fee08b|5.01–6}}{{legend|#fdae61|4.01–5}}{{Col-break}}Authoritarian regimes{{legend|#f46d43|3.01–4}} {{legend|#d73027|2.01–3}} {{legend|#a50026|0–2}}{{Col-end}}|433x433px)The Democracy Index is an index compiled by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), a UK-based company. Its intention is to measure the state of democracy in 167 countries, of which 166 are sovereign states and 164 are UN member states.The index was first published in 2006, with updates for 2008, 2010 and later years. The index is based on 60 indicators grouped in five different categories, measuring pluralism, civil liberties and political culture. In addition to a numeric score and a ranking, the index categorises each country in one of four regime types: full democracies, flawed democracies, hybrid regimes and authoritarian regimes.

Method

{{Democracy}}As described in the report, the democracy index is a weighted average based on the answers of 60 questions, each one with either two or three permitted alternative answers. Most answers are "experts' assessments". Some answers are provided by public-opinion surveys from the respective countries. In the case of countries for which survey results are missing, survey results for similar countries and expert assessments are used in order to fill in gaps.The questions are grouped into five categories: electoral process and pluralism, civil liberties, functioning of government, political participation, and political culture. Each answer is converted to a score, either 0 or 1, or for the three-answer questions, 0, 0.5 or 1. With the exceptions mentioned below, within each category the scores are added, multiplied by ten, and divided by the total number of questions within the category. There are a few modifying dependencies, which are explained much more precisely than the main rule procedures. In a few cases, an answer yielding zero for one question voids another question; e.g. if the elections for the national legislature and head of government are not considered free (question 1), then the next question, "Are elections... fair?", is not considered, but automatically scored zero. Likewise, there are a few questions considered so important that a low score on them yields a penalty on the total score sum for their respective categories, namely:
  1. "Whether national elections are free and fair";
  2. "The security of voters";
  3. "The influence of foreign powers on government";
  4. "The capability of the civil servants to implement policies".
The five category indices, which are listed in the report, are then averaged to find the Democracy Index for a given country. Finally, the Democracy Index, rounded to two decimals, decides the regime type classification of the country.The report discusses other indices of democracy, as defined e.g. by Freedom House, and argues for some of the choices made by the team from the Economist Intelligence Unit. In this comparison, a higher emphasis is placed on the public opinion and attitudes, as measured by surveys, but on the other hand, economic living standards are not weighted as one criterion of democracy (as seemingly some other investigators{{who|date=November 2015}} have done).The report is widely cited in the international press as well as in peer reviewed academic journals.JOURNAL, Manaev, Oleg, Manayeva, Natalie, Dzmitry, Yuran, More State than Nation: Lukashenko's Belarus {{!, JIA SIPA|journal=Journal of International Affairs|date=1 December 2011|volume=65|issue=1|pages=93–113|url=https://jia.sipa.columbia.edu/more-state-nation-lukashenkos-belarus|accessdate=26 January 2017|language=en}}

Classification definitions

Full democracies are nations where civil liberties and basic political freedoms are not only respected but also reinforced by a political culture conducive to the thriving of democratic principles. These nations have a valid system of governmental checks and balances, an independent judiciary whose decisions are enforced, governments that function adequately, and diverse and independent media. These nations have only limited problems in democratic functioning.{{vague|date=March 2019}}Flawed democracies are nations where elections are fair and free and basic civil liberties are honored but may have issues (e.g. media freedom infringement). These nations have significant faults in other democratic aspects, including underdeveloped political culture, low levels of participation in politics, and issues in the functioning of governance.Hybrid regimes are nations with regular electoral frauds, preventing them from being fair and free democracy. These nations commonly have governments that apply pressure on political opponents, non-independent judiciaries, widespread corruption, harassment and pressure placed on the media, anemic{{vague|date=March 2019}} rule of law, and more pronounced faults than flawed democracies in the realms of underdeveloped political culture, low levels of participation in politics, and issues in the functioning of governance.Authoritarian regimes are nations where political pluralism has vanished or is extremely limited. These nations are often absolute monarchies or dictatorships, may have some conventional institutions of democracy but with meager significance, infringements and abuses of civil liberties are commonplace, elections (if they take place) are not fair and free, the media is often state-owned or controlled by groups associated with the ruling regime, the judiciary is not independent, and there is omnipresent censorship and suppression of governmental criticism.

Democracy Index by country 2018

Listing by country is available on The Economist website. {| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center;"|+Democracy Index 2018! data-sort-type=number | Rank! data-sort-type=text | Country! data-sort-type=number | Score! data-sort-type=number | Elec{{shy}}toral processand plura{{shy}}lism! data-sort-type=number | Functio{{shy}}ning ofgovern{{shy}}ment! data-sort-type=number | Poli{{shy}}ticalpartici{{shy}}pation! data-sort-type=number | Poli{{shy}}ticalculture! data-sort-type=number | Civilliber{{shy}}ties! data-sort-type=number | Regimetype! data-sort-type=text | Continent
{{NOR}} style="background:#1a9850;" 9.87>Full democracy Europe
{{ISL}}style="background:#1a9850;"9.58>Full democracy Europe
{{SWE}}style="background:#1a9850;"9.39>Full democracy Europe
{{NZL}}style="background:#1a9850;"9.26>Full democracy Oceania
{{DNK}}style="background:#1a9850;"9.22>Full democracy Europe
=6 style="text-align:left;" 9.159.587.868.3310.0010.00data-sort-value="9.15" style="background:#1a9850;"Full democracy>| Europe
{{CAN}}style="background:#1a9850;"9.15>Full democracy North America
{{Flag9.1410.008.938.338.759.71 data-sort-value="9.14" style="background:#1a9850;" Full democracy>| Europe
{{Flag9.0910.008.937.788.7510.00 data-sort-value="9.09" style="background:#1a9850;" Full democracy>| Oceania
{{CHE}}style="background:#1a9850;"9.03>Full democracy Europe
{{NLD}}style="background:#53A650;"8.89>Full democracy Europe
{{LUX}}style="background:#53A650;"8.81>Full democracy Europe
{{DEU}}style="background:#53A650;"8.68>Full democracy Europe
{{GBR}} style="background:#53A650;" 8.53>Full democracy Europe
{{URY}} style="background:#53A650;" 8.38>Full democracy South America
{{AUT}} style="background:#53A650;" 8.29>Full democracy Europe
{{MUS}} style="background:#53A650;" 8.22>Full democracy Africa
{{MLT}} style="background:#53A650;" 8.21>Full democracy Europe
{{ESP}}style="background:#53A650;"8.08>Full democracy Europe
{{Flag8.079.587.506.677.509.12 data-sort-value="8.07" style="background:#53A650;" Full democracy>| North America
{{KOR}} style="background:#7aF670;" 8.00>Flawed democracy Asia
{{JPN}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.99>Flawed democracy Asia
=23 style="text-align:left;" 7.979.588.574.448.139.12 data-sort-value="7.97" style="background:#7aF670;" Flawed democracy>| South America
{{EST}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.97>Flawed democracy Europe
{{USA}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.96>Flawed democracy North America
{{Flag7.889.177.866.676.888.82 data-sort-value="7.88" style="background:#7aF670;" Flawed democracy>| Africa
{{PRT}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.84>Flawed democracy Europe
{{BWA}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.81>Flawed democracy Africa
{{FRA}}style="background:#7aF670;"7.80>Flawed democracy Europe
{{ISR}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.79>Flawed democracy Asia
{{BEL}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.78>Flawed democracy Europe
{{TWN}}7.739.588.216.115.639.12 data-sort-value="7.73" style="background:#7aF670;" Flawed democracy>| Asia
{{ITA}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.71>Flawed democracy Europe
{{CZE}} style="background:#7aF670;"7.69>Flawed democracy Europe
{{CYP}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.59>Flawed democracy Europe
=36 style="text-align:left;" 7.509.586.796.676.258.24 data-sort-value="7.50" style="background:#7aF670;" Flawed democracy>| Europe
{{LTU}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.50>Flawed democracy Europe
{{LVA}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.38>Flawed democracy Europe
{{GRC}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.29>Flawed democracy Europe
{{ZAF}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.24>Flawed democracy Africa
{{IND}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.23>Flawed democracy Asia
{{TLS}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.19>Flawed democracy Asia
{{TTO}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.16>Flawed democracy North America
{{SVK}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.10>Flawed democracy Europe
{{PAN}}style="background:#7aF670;"7.05>Flawed democracy North America
{{BGR}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.03>Flawed democracy Europe
=47 style="text-align:left;" 7.029.175.366.116.258.24 data-sort-value="7.02" style="background:#7aF670;" Flawed democracy>| South America
{{JAM}} style="background:#7aF670;" 7.02>Flawed democracy North America
{{SUR}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.98>Flawed democracy South America
{{BRA}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.97>Flawed democracy South America
{{COL}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.96>Flawed democracy South America
{{MYS}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.88>Flawed democracy Asia
{{PHL}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.71>Flawed democracy Asia
=54 style="text-align:left;" 6.679.176.076.114.387.65 data-sort-value="6.67" style="background:#a6d96a;" Flawed democracy>| Europe
{{GUY}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.67>Flawed democracy South America
{{LSO}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.64>Flawed democracy Africa
=57 style="text-align:left;" 6.638.335.716.676.256.18 data-sort-value="6.63" style="background:#a6d96a;" Flawed democracy>| Africa
{{HUN}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.63>Flawed democracy Europe
{{PER}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.60>Flawed democracy South America
{{HRV}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.57>Flawed democracy Europe
{{DOM}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.54>Flawed democracy North America
{{MNG}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.50>Flawed democracy Asia
=63 style="text-align:left;" 6.418.255.366.115.007.35 data-sort-value="6.41" style="background:#a6d96a;" Flawed democracy>| Europe
{{TUN}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.41>Flawed democracy Africa
{{IDN}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.39>Flawed democracy Asia
=66 style="text-align:left;" 6.384.337.866.116.257.35 data-sort-value="6.38" style="background:#a6d96a;" Flawed democracy>| Asia
{{ROU}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.38>Flawed democracy Europe
{{ECU}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.27>Flawed democracy South America
{{NAM}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.25>Flawed democracy Africa
{{PRY}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.24>Flawed democracy South America
=71 style="text-align:left;" 6.197.835.715.006.256.18 data-sort-value="6.19" style="background:#a6d96a;" Flawed democracy>| Asia
{{MEX}} style="background:#a6d96a;" 6.19>Flawed democracy North America
=73 style="text-align:left;" 6.153.086.075.567.508.53 data-sort-value="6.15" style="background:#a6d96a;" Flawed democracy>| Asia
{{SEN}}style="background:#a6d96a;"6.15>Flawed democracy Africa
{{PNG}}style="background:#a6d96a;"6.03>Flawed democracy Oceania
{{ALB}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.98>Hybrid regime Europe
{{SLV}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.96>Hybrid regime North America
{{MKD}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.87>Hybrid regime Europe
=79 style="text-align:left;" 5.857.084.646.114.387.06 data-sort-value="5.85" style="background:#F6FFA2;" Hybrid regime>| Europe
{{FJI}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.85>Hybrid regime Oceania
=81 style="text-align:left;" 5.746.085.366.114.386.76 data-sort-value="5.74" style="background:#F6FFA2;" Hybrid regime>| Europe
{{BEN}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.74>Hybrid regime Africa
{{BOL}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.70>Hybrid regime South America
{{UKR}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.69>Hybrid regime Europe
{{HND}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.63>Hybrid regime North America
{{ZMB}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.61>Hybrid regime Africa
{{GTM}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.60>Hybrid regime North America
{{BGD}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.57>Hybrid regime Asia
{{GEO}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.50>Hybrid regime Europe
{{MWI}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.49>Hybrid regime Africa
=91 style="text-align:left;" 5.417.005.005.005.634.41 data-sort-value="5.41" style="background:#F6FFA2;" Hybrid regime>| Africa
{{MLI}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.41>Hybrid regime Africa
{{LBR}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.35>Hybrid regime Africa
{{BTN}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.30>Hybrid regime Asia
{{MDG}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.22>Hybrid regime Africa
{{UGA}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.20>Hybrid regime Africa
{{NPL}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.18>Hybrid regime Asia
=98 style="text-align:left;" 5.113.505.366.675.634.41 data-sort-value="5.11" style="background:#F6FFA2;" Hybrid regime>| Africa
{{KGZ}} style="background:#F6FFA2;" 5.11>Hybrid regime Asia
{{MAR}} style="background:#fdae61;" 4.99>Hybrid regime Africa
{{BIH}} style="background:#fdae61;" 4.98>Hybrid regime Europe
{{HTI}} style="background:#fdae61;" 4.91>Hybrid regime North America
{{ARM}} style="background:#fdae61;" 4.79>Hybrid regime Europe
{{Flag4.754.424.294.445.635.00 data-sort-value="4.75" style="background:#fdae61;" Hybrid regime>| Africa
{{SLE}} style="background:#fdae61;" 4.66>Hybrid regime Africa
=106 style="text-align:left;" 4.633.922.216.675.634.71 data-sort-value="4.63" style="background:#fdae61;" Hybrid regime>| Asia
{{THA}} style="background:#fdae61;" 4.63>Hybrid regime Asia
{{NGA}} style="background:#fdae61;" 4.44>Hybrid regime Africa
{{PSE}} style="background:#fdae61;" 4.39>Hybrid regime Asia
{{TUR}} style="background:#fdae61;" 4.37>Hybrid regime Europe
{{GMB}} style="background:#fdae61;" 4.31>Hybrid regime Africa
{{PAK}} style="background:#fdae61;" 4.17>Hybrid regime Asia
{{CIV}} style="background:#fdae61;" 4.15>Hybrid regime Africa
{{IRQ}} style="background:#fdae61;" 4.06>Hybrid regime Asia
115 style="text-align:left;" Jordan}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.93>Authoritarian Asia
=116 style="text-align:left;" Mozambique}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.85>Authoritarian Africa
{{KWT}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.85>Authoritarian Asia
{{MMR}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.83>Authoritarian Asia
{{MRT}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.82>Authoritarian Africa
{{NER}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.76>Authoritarian Africa
{{COM}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.71>Authoritarian Africa
{{NIC}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.63>Authoritarian North America
{{AGO}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.62>Authoritarian Africa
{{GAB}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.61>Authoritarian Africa
{{KHM}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.59>Authoritarian Asia
{{ALG}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.50>Authoritarian Africa
{{EGY}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.36>Authoritarian Africa
=128 style="text-align:left;" 3.350.003.575.565.002.65 data-sort-value="3.35" style="background:#ff6666;" Authoritarian>| Africa
{{RWA}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.35>Authoritarian Africa
{{CHN}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.32>Authoritarian Asia
{{COG}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.31>Authoritarian Africa
{{CMR}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.28>Authoritarian Africa
{{QAT}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.19>Authoritarian Asia
=134 style="text-align:left;" 3.160.502.004.445.633.24 data-sort-value="3.16" style="background:#ff6666;" Authoritarian>| Africa
{{VEN}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.16>Authoritarian South America
{{GIN}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.14>Authoritarian Africa
{{BLR}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.13>Authoritarian Europe
{{TGO}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.10>Authoritarian Africa
{{VNM}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.08>Authoritarian Asia
{{OMN}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.04>Authoritarian Asia
{{SWZ}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.03>Authoritarian Africa
{{CUB}} style="background:#ff6666;" 3.00>Authoritarian North America
{{AFG}} style="background:#ff6666;" 2.97>Authoritarian Asia
=144 style="text-align:left;" 2.940.502.144.444.383.24 data-sort-value="2.94" style="background:#ff6666;" Authoritarian>| Europe
{{RUS}} style="background:#ff6666;" 2.94>Authoritarian Europe
{{DJI}} style="background:#ff6666;" 2.87>Authoritarian Africa
{{ARE}}style="background:#ff6666;"2.76>Authoritarian Asia
{{BHR}} style="background:#ff6666;" 2.71>Authoritarian Asia
{{AZE}} style="background:#ff6666;" 2.65>Authoritarian Europe
{{IRN}} style="background:#ff6666;" 2.45>Authoritarian Asia
=151 style="text-align:left;" 2.370.002.141.676.881.18 data-sort-value="2.37" style="background:#ff6666;" Authoritarian>| Africa
{{LAO}} style="background:#ff6666;" 2.37>Authoritarian Asia
{{BDI}} style="background:#ff6666;" 2.33>Authoritarian Africa
{{LBY}} style="background:#ff6666;" 2.19>Authoritarian Africa
{{SDN}} style="background:#ff6666;" 2.15>Authoritarian Africa
{{UZB}} style="background:#ff6666;" 2.01>Authoritarian Asia
{{GNB}} style="background:#ff3333;" 1.98>Authoritarian Africa
{{YEM}} style="background:#ff3333;" 1.95>Authoritarian Asia
=159 style="text-align:left;" 1.930.002.862.223.131.47 data-sort-value="1.93" style="background:#ff3333;" Authoritarian>| Asia
{{TJK}} style="background:#ff3333;" 1.93>Authoritarian Asia
{{GNQ}} style="background:#ff3333;" 1.92>Authoritarian Africa
{{TKM}}style="background:#ff3333;"1.72>Authoritarian Asia
{{TCD}} style="background:#ff3333;" 1.61>Authoritarian Africa
{{CAF}}style="background:#ff3333;"1.52>Authoritarian Africa
{{COD}} style="background:#ff3333;" 1.49>Authoritarian Africa
{{SYR}}style="background:#ff3333;"1.43>Authoritarian Asia
{{PRK}}style="background:#ff3333;"1.08>Authoritarian Asia
! data-sort-type=number | Rank! data-sort-type=text | Country! data-sort-type=number | Score! data-sort-type=number | Elec{{shy}}toral processand plura{{shy}}lism! data-sort-type=number | Functio{{shy}}ning ofgovern{{shy}}ment! data-sort-type=number | Poli{{shy}}ticalpartici{{shy}}pation! data-sort-type=number | Poli{{shy}}ticalculture! data-sort-type=number | Civilliber{{shy}}ties! data-sort-type=number | Regimetype

Recent changes

In 2016, the United States was downgraded from a full democracy to a flawed democracy; its score, which had been declining for some years, crossed the threshold from 8.05 in 2015 to 7.98 in 2016. The report states that this was caused by a myriad of factors dating back to at least the late 1960s which have eroded Americans' trust in governmental institutions.WEB, Karlis, Nicole, New report classifies US as a "flawed democracy" - Partisanship and Trump were to blame for the US’s dismal ranking in the Economist’s annual Democracy Index report,weblink 31 January 2018, Salon (website), Salon, 17 February 2018, WEB,weblink The US has been downgraded to a "flawed democracy," but not just because of Trump, Eshe Nelson, 25 January 2017, Qz.com, NEWS, Declining trust in government is denting democracy, 25 January 2017, The Economist,weblink The 2017 Democracy index registered the worst year for global democracy since 2010–11. Asia was the worst-performing region overall. Venezuela was downgraded from a "hybrid regime" to an "authoritarian regime".Australia (ranked 8th) and Taiwan (ranked 33rd) both legalised same-sex marriage in 2017. In China, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, further entrenched his power by writing his contribution to the Chinese Communist Party’s ideology, dubbed "Xi Jinping Thought", into the party's constitution. Moldova was downgraded from a "flawed democracy" to a "hybrid regime" as a result of problematic elections. By contrast, Armenia was reupgraded from an "authoritarian regime" to a "hybrid regime"WEB,weblink Democracy Index 2017, www.eiu.com, en, 2018-01-31, as a result of constitutional changes that shifted power from the presidency to parliament.WEB,weblink Democracy Index 2017 : Free Speech Under Attack, 30 January 2018, www.eiu.com, 24 February 2018,

Criticism

The Democracy Index has been criticized for lacking transparency and accountability beyond the numbers. To generate the index, the Economist Intelligence Unit has a scoring system in which various experts are asked to answer 60 questions and assign each reply a number, with the weighted average deciding the ranking. However, the final report does not indicate what kinds of experts, nor their number, nor whether the experts are employees of the Economist Intelligence Unit or independent scholars, nor the nationalities of the experts.WEB,weblink Peter Tasker: The flawed 'science' behind democracy rankings, asia.nikkei.com, en, 2019-02-22,

Democracy Index by regime type

The following table gives the number and percentage of countries and the percentage of the world population for each regime type in 2018:{| class="sortable wikitable" style="text-align:center;"! Type of regime! Score (s)! Number of countries! Percentage of countries! Percentage of world population bgcolor="#53A650" style="color:white;"< s
Full democracies 8 20 12.0 4.5
bgcolor="#7aF670"< s ≤ 8
Flawed democracies 6 55 32.9 43.2
bgcolor="#F6FFA2"< s ≤ 6
Hybrid regimes 4 39 23.4 16.7
bgcolor="#ff6666"
Authoritarian regimes s ≤ 4 53 31.7 35.6
World population refers to the total population of the 167 countries covered by the Index. Since this excludes only microstates, this is nearly equal to the entire estimated world population.

Democracy Index by region

The following table gives the index average by world region, and the number of covered countries in 2017. Note that some regional groups (e.g. Eastern Europe and Asia and Australasia) are very heterogeneous and composed of full democracies as well as authoritarian regimes:{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center;"!Rank!Region! Countries!2006!2008!2010!2011!2012!2013!2014!2015!2016!2017!2018 style="color:white;"
1 style="text-align:left;" Northern America > 2 bgcolor="#53A650"8.64 bgcolor="#53A650" 8.59 bgcolor="#53A650" 8.59 bgcolor="#53A650" 8.56 bgcolor="#53A650"8.56 bgcolor="#53A650"|8.56
style="color:white;"
2 style="text-align:left;" Western Europe > 21 bgcolor="#53A650"8.61 bgcolor="#53A650"8.40 bgcolor="#53A650"8.41 bgcolor="#53A650"8.42 bgcolor="#53A650"8.38 bgcolor="#53A650"|8.35
Latin America and the Caribbean 24 bgcolor="#7aF670"6.43 bgcolor="#7aF670"6.35 bgcolor="#7aF670"6.38 bgcolor="#7aF670"6.37 bgcolor="#7aF670"6.26 bgcolor="#7aF670"|6.24
Asia and Australasia 28 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"5.58 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"5.51 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"5.61 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"5.74 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"5.63 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"|5.67
Central and Eastern Europe 28 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"5.67 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"5.50 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"5.53 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"5.55 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"5.40 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"|5.42
Sub-Saharan Africa 44 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"4.28 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"4.32 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"4.36 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"4.38 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"4.35 bgcolor="#F6FFA2"|4.36
Middle East and North Africa 20 bgcolor="#ff6666"3.48 bgcolor="#ff6666"3.62 bgcolor="#ff6666"3.68 bgcolor="#ff6666"3.58 bgcolor="#ff6666"3.54 bgcolor="#ff6666"|3.54
World 167 5.52 5.55 5.46 5.49 5.52 5.53 5.55 5.55 5.525.48>|5.48

See also

Notes

{{Notelist}}

References

External links

{{commons category|Democracy Index}} {{Politics country lists}}

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