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David Lean
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{{other people||David Lean (disambiguation)}}{{Use dmy dates|date=December 2013}}{{Use British English|date=September 2012}}







factoids

| birth_place = Croydon, Surrey, UK
| death_date = {{Death date and age|1991|04|16|1908|03|25|df=yes}}
| death_place = Limehouse, London, UK
| occupation = Film director, film producer, screenwriter, film editor
| years_active = 1942–1991
| spouse = {{marriage|Isabel Lean |1930|1936|end=divorced}}{{marriage|Kay Walsh |1940|1949|end=divorced}}{{marriage|Ann Todd |1949|1957|end=divorced}}{{marriage|Leila Matkar|1960|1978|end=divorced}}{{marriage|Sandra Hotz |1981|1984|end=divorced}}{{marriage|Sandra Cooke |1990}}
| children = 1}}
Sir David Lean {{post-nominals|country=GBR|CBE}} (25 March 1908{{spaced ndash}}16 April 1991) was an English film director, producer, screenwriter and editor, responsible for large-scale epicsBOOK, Bergan, Ronald, Film, 2006, Doring Kindersley, London, 978-1-4053-1280-6, 321, such as The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Doctor Zhivago (1965) and A Passage to India (1984). He also directed adaptations of Charles Dickens novels Great Expectations (1946) and Oliver Twist (1948), as well as the romantic drama Brief Encounter (1945).Originally starting out as a film editor in the early 1930s, Lean made his directorial debut with 1942's In Which We Serve, which was the first of four collaborations with Noël Coward. Beginning with Summertime in 1955, Lean began to make internationally co-produced films financed by the big Hollywood studios; in 1970, however, the critical failure of his film Ryan's Daughter led him to take a fourteen-year break from filmmaking, during which he planned a number of film projects which never came to fruition. In 1984 he had a career revival with A Passage to India, adapted from E. M. Forster's novel; it was an instant hit with critics but proved to be the last film Lean would direct.Lean's affinity for striking visuals and inventive editing techniques has led him to be lauded by directors such as Steven Spielberg,Indiana Jones' Influences: Inspirations. TheRaider.net. Retrieved on 2011-05-29. Stanley Kubrick,The Kubrick Site FAQ. Visual-memory.co.uk. Retrieved on 2011-05-29. Martin Scorsese, and Ridley Scott.Ridley Scott's Brilliant First Film. newyorker.com (28 May 2012). Retrieved on 2017-09-07. Lean was voted 9th greatest film director of all time in the British Film Institute Sight & Sound "Directors' Top Directors" poll in 2002.The directors’ top ten directors. Bfi.org.uk (5 September 2006). Retrieved on 2011-05-29. Nominated seven times for the Academy Award for Best Director, which he won twice for The Bridge on the River Kwai and Lawrence of Arabia, he has seven films in the British Film Institute's Top 100 British Films (with three of them being in the top five)The BFI 100: 1–10. Bfi.org.uk (6 September 2006). Retrieved on 2011-05-29.The BFI 100: 11–20 {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20040603080611weblink |date=3 June 2004 }} Bfi.org.uk (6 September 2006). Retrieved on 2011-05-29. and was awarded the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1990.

Early life and education

Lean was born at 38 Blenheim Crescent, South Croydon, Surrey (now part of Greater London), to Francis William le Blount Lean and the former Helena Tangye (niece of Sir Richard Trevithick Tangye). His parents were Quakers and he was a pupil at the Quaker-founded Leighton Park School in Reading. His younger brother, Edward Tangye Lean (1911–1974), founded the original Inklings literary club when a student at Oxford University. Lean was a half-hearted schoolboy with a dreamy nature who was labeled a "dud" of a student; he left school in the Christmas Term of 1926, at the age of 18BOOK, David Lean: A Biography, Brownlow, Kevin, St Martin's Press, 1996, 0312168101, New York, 39, and entered his father's chartered accountancy firm as an apprentice. A more formative event for his career than his formal education was an uncle's gift, when Lean was aged ten, of a Brownie box camera. "You usually didn't give a boy a camera until he was 16 or 17 in those days. It was a huge compliment and I succeeded at it.' Lean printed and developed his films, and it was his 'great hobby'.the Guardian, April 17, 1991 In 1923,BOOK, Beyond the Epic: The Life & Films of David Lean, Phillips, Gene D., The University Press of Kentucky, 2006, 9780813124155, Lexington, Kentucky, USA, his father deserted the family when he ran off with another woman, and Lean would later follow a similar path after his own first marriage and child.

Career

Period as film editor

Bored by his work, Lean spent every evening in the cinema, and in 1927, after an aunt had advised him to find a job he enjoyed, he visited Gaumont Studios where his obvious enthusiasm earned him a month's trial without pay. He was taken on as a teaboy, promoted to clapperboy, and soon rose to the position of third assistant director. By 1930 he was working as an editor on newsreels, including those of Gaumont Pictures and Movietone, while his move to feature films began with Freedom of the Seas (1934) and Escape Me Never (1935).He edited Gabriel Pascal's film productions of two George Bernard Shaw plays, Pygmalion (1938) and Major Barbara (1941). He edited Powell & Pressburger's 49th Parallel (1941) and One of Our Aircraft Is Missing (1942). After this last film, Lean began his directing career, after editing more than two dozen features by 1942. As Tony Sloman wrote in 1999, "As the varied likes of David Lean, Robert Wise, Terence Fisher and Dorothy Arzner have proved, the cutting rooms are easily the finest grounding for film direction."Sloman, Tony (1999). "Obituary: Harold Kress", The Independent, 26 October 1999. Online version retrieved 8 April 2009. David Lean was given honorary membership of the Guild of British Film Editors in 1968.

British films

His first work as a director was in collaboration with Noël Coward on In Which We Serve (1942), and he later adapted several of Coward's plays into successful films. These films are This Happy Breed (1944), Blithe Spirit (1945) and Brief Encounter (1945) with Celia Johnson and Trevor Howard as quietly understated clandestine lovers, torn between their unpredictable passion and their respective orderly middle-class marriages in suburban England. The film shared Grand Prix honors at the 1946 Cannes film festival and garnered Lean his first Academy nominations for directing and screen adaptation, and Celia Johnson a nomination for Best Actress. It has since become a classic, one of the most highly regarded British films.Two celebrated Charles Dickens adaptations followed – Great Expectations (1946) and Oliver Twist (1948). David Shipman wrote in The Story of Cinema: Volume Two (1984): "Of the other Dickens films, only Cukor's David Copperfield approaches the excellence of this pair, partly because his casting, too, was near perfect".BOOK, Shipman, David, The Story of Cinema Volume Two: From Citizen Kane to the Present, Hodder & Stoughton, 1984, 775, These two films were the first directed by Lean to star Alec Guinness, whom Lean considered his "good luck charm". The actor's portrayal of Fagin was controversial at the time. The first screening in Berlin during February 1949 offended the surviving Jewish community and led to a riot. It caused problems too in New York, and after private screenings, was condemned by the Anti-Defamation League and the American Board of Rabbis. "To our surprise it was accused of being anti-Semitic", Lean wrote. "We made Fagin an outsize and, we hoped, an amusing Jewish villain."Beyond the Epic: The Life and Films of David Lean, University Press of Kentucky, 2006, pp.135–36 The terms of the production code meant that the film's release in the United States was delayed until July 1951 after cuts amounting to eight minutes.Phillips, p.139The next film directed by Lean was The Passionate Friends (1949), an atypical Lean film, but one which marked his first occasion to work with Claude Rains, who played the husband of a woman (Todd) torn between him and an old flame (Howard). The Passionate Friends was the first of three films to feature the actress Ann Todd, who became his third wife. Madeleine (1950), set in Victorian-era Glasgow is about an 1857 cause célèbre with Todd's lead character accused of murdering a former lover. "Once more", writes film critic David Thomson "Lean settles on the pressing need for propriety, but not before the film has put its characters and the audience through a wringer of contradictory feelings."NEWS, Thomson, David,weblink Unhealed wounds, 10 May 2008, The Guardian, 31 December 2015, The last of the films with Todd, The Sound Barrier (1952), has a screenplay by the playwright Terence Rattigan and was the first of his three films for Sir Alexander Korda's London Films. Hobson's Choice (1954), with Charles Laughton in the lead, was based on the play by Harold Brighouse.

International films

File:DavidLean1965.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Lean in Northern FinlandFinlandSummertime (1955) marked a new departure for Lean. It was partly American financed, although again made for Korda's London Films. The film features Katharine Hepburn in the lead role as a middle-aged American woman who has a romance while on holiday in Venice. It was shot entirely on location there.

For Columbia and Sam Spiegel

Lean's films now began to become infrequent but much larger in scale and more extensively released internationally. The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957) was based on a novel by Pierre Boulle recounting the story of British and American prisoners of war trying to survive in a Japanese prison camp during the Second World War. The film stars William Holden and Alec Guinness and became the highest-grossing film of 1957 in the United States. It won seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Actor for Alec Guinness, who had battled with Lean to give more depth to his role as an obsessively correct British commander who is determined to build the best possible bridge for his Japanese captors in Burma.After extensive location work in the Middle East, North Africa, Spain, and elsewhere, Lean's Lawrence of Arabia was released in 1962. This was the first project of Lean's with a screenplay by playwright Robert Bolt, rewriting an original script by Michael Wilson (one of the two blacklisted writers of Bridge on the River Kwai). It recounts the life of T. E. Lawrence, the British officer who is depicted in the film as uniting the squabbling Bedouin peoples of the Arab peninsula to fight in World War I and then push on for independence.After some hesitation, Alec Guinness once again appeared, in his fourth David Lean film, as the Arab leader, Prince Faisal, despite his misgivings from their conflicts on Bridge on the River Kwai. French composer Maurice Jarre, on his first Lean film, created a soaring film score with a famous theme and won his first Oscar for Best Original Score. The film turned actor Peter O'Toole, playing Lawrence, into an international star, was nominated for ten Oscars and won seven, including Best Picture and Lean's second win for Best Director. He remains the only British director to win more than one Oscar for directing.

For MGM

Lean had his greatest box-office success with Doctor Zhivago (1965), a romance set during the Russian Revolution. The film, based on the banned novel by Nobel Prize-winning Russian poet Boris Pasternak, tells the story of a brilliant and warm-hearted physician and poet (Omar Sharif) who, while seemingly happily married into the Russian aristocracy, and a father, falls in love with a beautiful abandoned young mother named Lara (Julie Christie) and struggles to be with her in the chaos of the Bolshevik revolution and subsequent Russian Civil War.Initially, reviews for Doctor Zhivago were lukewarm, but critics have since come to see it as one of Lean's best films, with film director Paul Greengrass calling it "one of the great masterpieces of cinema".weblink. "Paul Greengrass: David Lean Lecture|BAFTA". Retrieved 28 May 2017. {{as of|2015}}, it is the 8th highest-grossing film of all time, adjusted for inflation. Producer Carlo Ponti used Maurice Jarre's lush romantic score to create a pop tune called "Lara's Theme", which became an international hit song with lyrics under the title "Somewhere My Love", one of cinema's most successful theme songs. The British director of photography, Freddie Young, won an Academy Award for his color cinematography. Around the same time, Lean also directed some scenes of The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965) while George Stevens was committed to location work in Nevada.Lean's Ryan's Daughter (1970) was released after an extended period on location in Ireland. A doomed romance set against the backdrop of 1916 Ireland's struggles against the British, it is loosely based on Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary. Starring the aging Hollywood 'bad boy' Robert Mitchum in an uncharacteristic role as a long-suffering Irish husband and British actress Sarah Miles as his faithless young wife, the film received far fewer positive reviews than the director's previous work, being particularly savaged by the New York critics. Some critics felt the film's massive visual scale on gorgeous Irish beaches and extended running time did not suit its small-scale romantic narrative. Nonetheless, the film was a box office success, earning $31 million and making it the 8th highest-grossing film of that year. It won two Academy Awards the following year, another for cinematographer Freddie Young and for supporting actor John Mills in his role as a village halfwit.The poor critical reception of the film prompted Lean to meet with the National Society of Film Critics, gathered at the Algonquin Hotel in New York, including The New Yorker's Pauline Kael, and ask them why they objected to the movie. "I sensed trouble from the moment I sat down," Lean says of the now famous luncheon. TIME critic Richard Shickel asked Lean pointblank how he, the director of Brief Encounter, could have made "a piece of bullshit" like Ryan's Daughter.Wolcott, James (April 1997). "Waiting for Godard". Vanity Fair (Conde Nast) These critics so lacerated the film for two hours to David Lean's face that the devastated Lean was put off making films for a long time. "They just took the film to bits," said Lean in a later television interview. "It really had such an awful effect on me for several years... you begin to think that maybe they're right. Why on earth am I making films if I don't have to? It shakes one's confidence terribly.""https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QvB-u7vVZus

Last years and unfulfilled projects

From 1977 until 1980, Lean and Robert Bolt worked on a film adaptation of Captain Bligh and Mr. Christian, a dramatized account by Richard Hough of the Mutiny on the Bounty. It was originally to be released as a two-part film, one named The Lawbreakers that dealt with the voyage out to Tahiti and the subsequent mutiny, and the second named The Long Arm that studied the journey of the mutineers after the mutiny as well as the admiralty's response in sending out the frigate HMS Pandora, in which some of the mutineers were imprisoned. Lean could not find financial backing for both films after Warner Bros. withdrew from the project; he decided to combine it into one and looked at a seven-part TV series before getting backing from Italian mogul Dino De Laurentiis. The project then suffered a further setback when Bolt suffered a serious stroke and was unable to continue writing; the director felt that Bolt's involvement would be crucial to the film's success. Melvyn Bragg ended up writing a considerable portion of the script.Lean was forced to abandon the project after overseeing casting and the construction of the $4 million Bounty replica; at the last possible moment, actor Mel Gibson brought in his friend Roger Donaldson to direct the film, as producer De Laurentiis did not want to lose the millions he had already put into the project over what he thought was as insignificant a person as the director dropping out.weblink {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080505070825weblink|date=5 May 2008}} The film was eventually released as The Bounty.Lean then embarked on a project he had pursued since 1960, a film adaptation of A Passage to India (1984), from E. M. Forster's 1924 novel of colonial conflicts in British-occupied India. Entirely shot on location in the sub-continent, this became his last completed film. He rejected a draft by Santha Rama Rau, responsible for the stage adaptation and Forster's preferred screenwriter, and wrote the script himself.WEB, McGee, Scott,weblink A Passage to India, Turner Classic Movies, 13 September 2016, In addition, Lean also edited the film with the result that his three roles in the production (writer, editor, director) were given equal status in the credits.Kerr, Walter (1985). "Films are made in the Cutting Room", New York Times, 17 March 1985. Online version retrieved 15 November 2007.Lean recruited long-time collaborators for the cast and crew, including Maurice Jarre (who won another Academy-Award for the score), Alec Guinness in his sixth and final role for Lean, as an eccentric Hindu Brahmin, and John Box, the production designer for Dr. Zhivago. Reversing the critical response to Ryan's Daughter, the film opened to universally enthusiastic reviews; the film was nominated for eleven Academy Awards and Lean himself nominated for three Academy Awards in directing, editing, and writing. His female star, in the complex role of a confused young British woman who falsely accuses an Indian man of rape, gained Australian actress Judy Davis her first Academy nomination. Peggy Ashcroft, as the sensitive Mrs. Moore, won the Oscar for best supporting actress, making her, at 77, the oldest actress to win that award. According to Roger Ebert, it is "one of the greatest screen adaptations I have ever seen"weblink But this was, sadly, to be his last.He was signed on to direct a Warner Bros.-backed adaptation of J. G. Ballard's autobiographical novel Empire of the Sun after director Harold Becker left the project. Steven Spielberg was brought on board as a producer for Lean, but later assumed the role of director when Lean dropped out of the project; Spielberg was drawn to the idea of making the film due to his long-time admiration for Lean and his films. Empire of the Sun was released in 1987.During the last years of his life, Lean was in pre-production of a film version of Joseph Conrad's Nostromo. He assembled an all-star cast, including Marlon Brando, Paul Scofield, Anthony Quinn, Peter O'Toole, Christopher Lambert, Isabella Rossellini and Dennis Quaid, with Georges Corraface as the title character. Lean also wanted Alec Guinness to play Doctor Monyghan, but the aged actor turned him down in a letter from 1989: "I believe I would be disastrous casting. The only thing in the part I might have done well is the crippled crab-like walk." As with Empire of the Sun, Steven Spielberg came on board as producer with the backing of Warner Bros., but after several rewrites and disagreements on the script, he left the project and was replaced by Serge Silberman, a respected producer at Greenwich Film Productions.The Nostromo project involved several writers, including Christopher Hampton and Robert Bolt, but their work was abandoned. In the end, Lean decided to write the film himself with the assistance of Maggie Unsworth (wife of renowned cinematographer Geoffrey Unsworth), with whom he had worked on the scripts for Brief Encounter, Great Expectations, Oliver Twist, and The Passionate Friends. Originally Lean considered filming in Mexico but later decided to film in London and Madrid, partly to secure O'Toole, who had insisted he would take part only if the film was shot close to home. Nostromo had a total budget of $46 million and was six weeks away from filming at the time of Lean's death from throat cancer. It was rumoured that fellow film director John Boorman would take over direction, but the production collapsed. Nostromo was finally adapted for the small screen with an unrelated BBC television mini-series in 1997.

Personal life and honours

Lean was a long-term resident of Limehouse, east London. His home on Narrow Street is still owned by his family. His co-writer and producer Norman Spencer has said that Lean was a "huge womaniser" and "to my knowledge, he had almost 1,000 women".WEB,weblink How we made Hobson's Choice, Guardian, 1 July 2014, He was married six times, had one son, and at least two grandchildren—from all of whom he was completely estrangedNEWS, Collins, Andrew, The epic legacy of David Lean,weblink Newspaper feature, The Observer, 17 September 2011, London, 4 May 2008, —and was divorced five times. He was survived by his last wife, art dealer Sandra Cooke, the co-author (with Barry Chattington) ofDavid Lean: An Intimate Portrait.NEWS, Smith, Julia Llewelyn, Sandra Cooke: 'I always liked asking about his other women',weblink The Independent, 17 September 2011, London, as well as Peter Lean, his son from his first marriage.His six wives were:
  • Isabel Lean (28 June 1930 – 1936) (his first cousin); one son, Peter
  • Kay Walsh (23 November 1940 – 1949)
  • Ann Todd (21 May 1949 – 1957)
  • Leila Matkar (4 July 1960 – 1978) (from Hyderabad, India); Lean's longest-lasting marriageNEWS,weblink Chennai, India, The Hindu, The Hyderabad connection, 21 May 2008, NEWS,weblink Brief encounters: How David Lean's sex life shaped his films, The Independent, London, 29 June 2008,
  • Sandra Hotz (28 October 1981 – 1984)
  • Sandra Cooke (15 December 1990 – 16 April 1991, Lean's death)
Lean was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1953, and was knighted for his contributions and services to the arts in 1984.David Lean Foundation {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20081120121001weblink |date=20 November 2008 }}. David Lean Foundation (18 July 2005). Retrieved on 2011-05-29. Lean received the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1990. In 2012, Lean was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork – the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album cover – to celebrate the British cultural figures of his life that he most admires.NEWS, New faces on Sgt Pepper album cover for artist Peter Blake's 80th birthday,weblink The Guardian, 5 October 2016, NEWS, Sir Peter Blake's new Beatles' Sgt Pepper's album cover,weblink BBC, 8 November 2016, In 1999, the British Film Institute compiled its list of the Top 100 British films; seven of Lean's films appeared on the list: In addition to this, the American Film Institute's 1998 100 Years...100 Movies list placed Lawrence of Arabia 5th, The Bridge on the River Kwai 13th and Doctor Zhivago 39th; in the 2007 revised edition, Lawrence of Arabia placed 7th and The Bridge on the River Kwai placed 36th.

Style and influence

As Lean himself pointed out,Brownlow, p. 483 his films are often admired by fellow directors as a showcase of the filmmaker's art. In The Rough Guide to Film, Tom Charity writes:
Alfred Hitchcock, Michael Powell and David Lean: the three great British filmmakers of their generation were born within a radius of fifty miles and just nine years apart. Each of them served an apprenticeship in the silent era, learned their craft from the bottom up, proved their mettle in their thirties, and hit a creative peak in middle age... Lean was first and foremost a superb craftsman. In the pre-war years he developed a reputation as the best editor in the country; his films are distinguished by their control of rhythm and shrewd use of counterpoint. Lean's camera is more self-effacing than Hitchcock's or Powell's, and although he was famed for his perfectionist compositional sense, his eye was more conventional. It's in the cutting that you feel both the romantic ardour and the repression that create the central tension in his work.WEB, TSPDT - David Lean,weblink They Shoot Pictures, Don't They?, 21 October 2018,
Lean was also notorious for his perfectionist approach to filmmaking; director Claude Chabrol stated that he and Lean were the only directors working at the time who were prepared to wait "forever" for the perfect sunset, but whereas Chabrol measured "forever" in terms of days, Lean did so in terms of months.WEB,weblink David Lean - Great Director profile, Senses of Cinema, 7 October 2017, Steven Spielberg and Martin Scorsese in particular are fans of Lean's epic films and claim him as one of their primary influences. Spielberg and Scorsese also helped in the 1989 restoration of Lawrence of Arabia, which had been substantially altered both by the studio in theatrical release and in particular in its televised versions; the theatrical re-release greatly revived Lean's reputation.Several of the many other later twentieth century directors who have acknowledged significant influence by Lean include Stanley Kubrickweblink George Lucasweblink Spike Leeweblink and Sergio LeoneweblinkJohn Woo once named Lawrence of Arabia among his top three films.Perce Nev, BBC. Retrieved 17 May 2007 More recently, Joe Wright (Pride & Prejudice, Atonement) has cited Lean's works, particularly Doctor Zhivago, as an important influence on his work,Times Online report {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110616123033weblink |date=16 June 2011 }} as has director Christopher Nolan (The Dark Knight Rises)weblink critical verdict was not unanimous, however. For example, David Thomson, writing about Lean in his New Biographical Dictionary of Film, comments:{{cquote|From 1952 to 1991, he made eight films—and in only one of them, I suggest —Lawrence—is the spectacle sufficient to mask the hollow rhetoric of the scripts. But Lean before 1952 made eight films in ten years that are lively, stirring, and an inspiration—they make you want to go out and make movies, they are so in love with the screen's power and the combustion in editing."BOOK, Thomson, David, The New Biographical Dictionary of Film, Little, Brown & Alfred A. Knopf, London & New York, 2002, 503–4, }} The New York Times film critic Bosley Crowther dismissed Lawrence of Arabia as "a huge, thundering camel-opera that tends to run down rather badly as it rolls on into its third hour and gets involved with sullen disillusion and political deceit",weblink Writing about the same film in The Village Voice, Andrew Sarris remarked that Lawrence was "...simply another expensive mirage, dull, overlong, and coldly impersonal... on the whole I find it hatefully calculating and condescending..."https://greencardamom.github.io/BooksAndWriters/telawren.htm

Filmography

Award and nominations

Academy Awards{| class"wikitable plainrowheaders sortable"

!Year!Category!Film!Result| 1947
Academy Award for Best Director>Best Director| Brief Encounter| {{Nom}}
| 1947
Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay>Best Adapted Screenplay| Brief Encounter(shared With Anthony Havelock-Allan & Ronald Neame)| {{Nom}}
| 1948| Best Director
Great Expectations (1946 film)>Great Expectations| {{Nom}}
| 1948| Best Adapted Screenplay| Great Expectations(shared With Anthony Havelock-Allan & Ronald Neame)| {{Nom}}
| 1956| Best Director
Summertime (1955 film)>Summertime| {{Nom}}
| 1958| Best Director| The Bridge on the River Kwai| {{won}}
| 1963| Best Director
Lawrence of Arabia (film)>Lawrence of Arabia| {{won}}
| 1966| Best Director
Doctor Zhivago (film)>Doctor Zhivago| {{nom}}
| 1985| Best Director
A Passage to India (film)>A Passage to India| {{nom}}
| 1985| Best Adapted Screenplay| A Passage to India| {{nom}}
| 1985
Academy Award for Best Film Editing>Best Film Editing| A Passage to India| {{nom}}

Golden Globe Awards{| class"wikitable plainrowheaders sortable"

!Year!Category!Film!Result| 1958
Golden Globe Award for Best Director>Best Director| The Bridge on the River Kwai| {{won}}
| 1963| Best Director| Lawrence of Arabia| {{won}}
| 1966| Best Director| Doctor Zhivago| {{won}}
| 1985| Best Director| A Passage to India| {{nom}}
| 1985
Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay>Best Screenplay| A Passage to India| {{nom}}

BAFTA Awards{| class"wikitable plainrowheaders sortable"

!Year!Category!Film!Result| 1949
BAFTA Award for Best British Film>Best British FilmOliver Twist (1948 film)>Oliver Twist| {{nom}}
| 1953
BAFTA Award for Best Film>Best Film from any Source| The Sound Barrier| {{won}}
| 1953| Best British Film| The Sound Barrier| {{won}}
| 1955| Best Film from any Source
Hobson's Choice (1954 film)>Hobson's Choice| {{nom}}
| 1955
BAFTA Award for Best British Screenplay>Best British Screenplay| Hobson's Choice(shared with Norman Spencer and Wynyard Browne)| {{nom}}
| 1956| Best Film from any Source
Summertime (1955 film)>Summertime(shared with Ilya Lopert)| {{nom}}
| 1958| Best Film from any Source| The Bridge on the River Kwai(shared with Sam Spiegel)| {{won}}
| 1958| Best British Film| The Bridge on the River Kwai(shared with Sam Spiegel)| {{won}}
| 1963| Best Film from any Source| Lawrence of Arabia(shared with Sam Spiegel)| {{won}}
| 1963| Best British Film| Lawrence of Arabia(shared with Sam Spiegel)| {{won}}
| 1967| Best Film from any Source| Doctor Zhivago(shared with Carlo Ponti)| {{nom}}
| 1971
BAFTA Award for Best Direction>Best Direction| Ryan's Daughter| {{nom}}
| 1985| Best Film| A Passage to India(shared with John Brabourne and Richard B. Goodwin)| {{nom}}
| 1985
BAFTA Award for Best Adapted Screenplay>Best Adapted Screenplay| A Passage to India| {{nom}}
In 1974, Lean was awarded the BAFTA Fellowship.

Other awards and nominations{| class"wikitable plainrowheaders sortable"

!Year!Award!Film!Result| 1944| Silver Condor Award for Best Foreign Film| In Which We Serve(shared with Noël Coward)| {{won}}
| 1954
Golden Bear>Berlin International Film Festival Golden Bear| Hobson's Choice| {{won}}
| 1946
Grand prix (Cannes Film Festival)>Cannes Film Festival Grand Prix| Brief Encounter| {{won}}
| 1949| Cannes Film Festival Grand Prix| The Passionate Friends| {{nom}}
| 1966
Palme d'Or>Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or| Doctor Zhivago| {{nom}}
| 1967| David di Donatello for Best Foreign Director| Doctor Zhivago| {{won}}
| 1958| Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing - Feature Film| The Bridge on the River Kwai| {{won}}
| 1963| Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing - Feature Film| Lawrence of Arabia| {{won}}
| 1971| Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing - Feature Film| Ryan's Daughter| {{nom}}
| 1985| Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing - Feature Film| A Passage to India| {{nom}}
| 1974
Evening Standard British Film Awards>Evening Standard British Film Award for Best Film| Ryan's Daughter| {{won}}
| 1946| Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation
Blithe Spirit (film)>Blithe Spirit| {{won}}
| 1964
Nastro d'Argento>Nastro d'Argento for Best Foreign Director| Lawrence of Arabia| {{won}}
| 1984| Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director| A Passage to India| {{won}}
| 1964
Kinema Junpo Award>Kinema Junpo Award for Best Foreign Language Film| Lawrence of Arabia| {{won}}
| 1952| National Board of Review Award for Best Director| The Sound Barrier| {{won}}
| 1957| National Board of Review Award for Best Director| The Bridge on the River Kwai| {{won}}
| 1962| National Board of Review Award for Best Director| Lawrence of Arabia| {{won}}
| 1984| National Board of Review Award for Best Director| A Passage to India| {{won}}
| 1985| National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Director| A Passage to India| 3rd place
| 1942| New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director| In Which We Serve| 2nd place
| 1953| New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director| The Sound Barrier| 3rd place
| 1955| New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director| Summertime| {{won}}
| 1957| New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director| The Bridge on the River Kwai| {{won}}
| 1965| New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director| Doctor Zhivago| 2nd place
| 1984| New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director| A Passage to India| {{won}}
| 1948
Venice Film Festival>Venice Film Festival Grand International Award| Oliver Twist| {{nom}}
| 1984| Writers Guild of America Award for Best Adapted Screenplay| A Passage to India| {{nom}}

Notes

{{reflist|2}}

References

  • Alain Silver and James Ursini, David Lean and his Films, Silman-James, 1992.
  • Kevin Brownlow, David Lean, Faber & Faber, 1997.
  • Silverman, Stephen M., David Lean, Harry N. Abrams, 1989.
  • Santas, Constantine, The Epics Films of David Lean, Scarecrow Press, 2011
  • Turner, Adrian The Making of David Lean's Lawrence of Arabia (Dragon's World, Limpsfield UK, 1994)
  • Turner, Adrian Robert Bolt: Scenes from two lives (Hutchinson, London 1998)
  • Williams, Melanie, David Lean, (Manchester University Press, 2014)
  • Morris, L. Robert and Lawrence Raskin, Lawrence of Arabia: the 30th Anniversary Pictorial History, Anchor Books, Doubleday, 1992

Further reading

  • NEWS, Sir David Lean - Obituary,weblink 17 April 1991, Daily Telegraph, 2014-06-22, Unsigned obituary of Lean.
  • HTTP://WWW.NEWYORKER.COM/ARTS/CRITICS/ATLARGE/2008/03/31/080331CRAT_ATLARGE_LANE?CURRENTPAGE=ALL >TITLE=MASTER AND COMMANDER: REMEMBERING DAVID LEAN
LAST=LANE WORK=THE NEW YORKER ACCESSDATE=2014-06-22, Lane's appreciation of Lean on his centennial
  • JOURNAL,weblink Senses of Cinema, David Lean, Alain, Silver, Alain Silver, February 2004, 30, 2014-06-22, Silver's essay on Lean's career compiled as part of the Senses of Cinema Great Directors series.
  • NEWS, Unhealed wounds, Thomson, David, David Thomson (film critic),weblink 9 May 2008, 2014-06-22, Thomson's appreciation of Lean on the occasion of his centennial.
  • Constantine Santas, "The Epic Films of David Lean." Scarecrow Press, Lanham, Maryland, 2012. IBSN 978-08108-2.

External links

  • {{IMDb name|180|David Lean}}
  • David Lean Archive on the BAFTA website
  • {{Screenonline name|id=446899|name=David Lean}}
  • weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20050810075541weblink">Biography at British Film Institute
  • weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20080911223221weblink">Mean Lean Filmmaking Machine, by Armond White, New York Press 3 September 2008
  • Honours from the Queen
  • weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20060504074856weblink">David Lean Foundation. Charity which makes grants to restore Lean's films, and to film studies students.
  • Literature on David Lean
{{David Lean}}{{Navboxes|title = Awards for David Lean|list ={{Academy Award Best Director}}{{AFI Life Achievement Award}}{{BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award}}{{DirectorsGuildofAmericaAwardFeatureFilm}}{{DirectorsGuildofAmericaAwardLifetimeFilm}}{{Golden Globe Award for Best Director 1943-1965}}{{National Board of Review Award for Best Director}}{{New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director}}}}{{Authority control}}

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