SUPPORT THE WORK

GetWiki

Crocodylomorpha

ARTICLE SUBJECTS
aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE TYPES
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE ORIGINS
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
Crocodylomorpha
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{Use dmy dates|date=July 2013}}{{Automatic taxobox!species !! length
Late Triassic–Recent, {{Fossil range>225ref=IRMIS > FIRST1 = R. B. FIRST2 = S. J. FIRST3 = H. -D. DOI = 10.1144/SP379.24 VOLUME = 379 YEAR = 2013 PMC =, }}| image = Hesperosuchus_BW.jpg| image_upright = 1.15| image_caption = Hesperosuchus, an early crocodylomorph| taxon = CrocodylomorphaOliver Perry Hay>Hay, 1930| subdivision_ranks = Subgroups| subdivision = }}Crocodylomorpha is a group of archosaurs that includes the crocodilians and their extinct relatives.During Mesozoic and early Cenozoic times, crocodylomorphs were far more diverse than they are now. Triassic forms were small, lightly built, active terrestrial animals. These were supplanted during the early Jurassic by various aquatic and marine forms. The Later Jurassic, Cretaceous, and Cenozoic saw a wide diversity of terrestrial and semiaquatic lineages."Modern" crocodilians do not appear until the Late Cretaceous.Among the largest crocodylomorphs were:{| class="wikitable"
Crocodylus thorbjarnarsoni >8.2ft}}
Deinosuchus>Deinosuchus riograndensis {{convertm|ft}}
Machimosaurus>Machimosaurus hugii {{convertm|ft}}
Sarcosuchus>Sarcosuchus imperator {{convertm|ft}}

Evolutionary history

missing image!
- Sebecus icaeorhinus.JPG -
Sebecus icaeorhinus skull
When their extinct species and stem group are examined, the crocodylian lineage (clade Pseudosuchia, formerly Crurotarsi) proves to have been a very diverse and adaptive group of reptiles. Not only are they an ancient group of animals – at least as old as the dinosaurs – they also evolved into a great variety of forms. The earliest forms, the sphenosuchians, evolved during the Late Triassic, and were highly gracile terrestrial forms built like greyhounds.During the Jurassic and the Cretaceous, marine forms in the family Metriorhynchidae, such as Metriorhynchus, evolved forelimbs that were paddle-like and had a tail similar to modern fish. Dakosaurus andiniensis, a species closely related to Metriorhynchus, had a skull that was adapted to eat large marine reptiles. Several terrestrial species during the Cretaceous were herbivorous, such as Simosuchus clarki and Chimaerasuchus paradoxus. A number of lineages during the Cenozoic became wholly terrestrial predators.

Taxonomy and phylogeny

Historically, all known living and extinct crocodiles were indiscriminately lumped into the order Crocodilia. However, beginning in the late 1980s, many scientists began restricting the order Crocodilia to the living species and close extinct relatives such as Mekosuchus. The various other groups that had previously been known as Crocodilia were moved to Crocodylomorpha and the slightly more restrictive Crocodyliformes.JOURNAL, Martin, J.E., Benton, M.J., 2008, Crown Clades in Vertebrate Nomenclature: Correcting the Definition of Crocodylia, Systematic Biology, 57, 1, 173–181, 10.1080/10635150801910469, 18300130, Crocodylomorpha has been given the rank of superorder in some 20th and 21st century studies.JOURNAL, Parrilla-Bel, J., Young, M. T., Moreno-Azanza, M., Canudo, J. I., Butler, Richard J, The First Metriorhynchid Crocodylomorph from the Middle Jurassic of Spain, with Implications for Evolution of the Subclade Rhacheosaurini, 10.1371/journal.pone.0054275, PLoS ONE, 8, e54275, 2013, 23372699, 3553084, The old Crocodilia was subdivided into the suborders: Mesosuchia is a paraphyletic group as it does not include eusuchians (which nest within Mesosuchia). Mesoeucrocodylia was the name given to the clade that contains mesosuchians and eusuchians (Whetstone and Whybrow, 1983).

Phylogeny

Below is a cladogram modified from Nesbitt (2011) JOURNAL, Nesbitt, S.J., 2011, The early evolution of archosaurs: relationships and the origin of major clades, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 352, 1–292,weblink 10.1206/352.1, and Bronzati (2012).JOURNAL, Bronzati, M., Montefeltro, F. C., Langer, M. C., A species-level supertree of Crocodyliformes, 10.1080/08912963.2012.662680, Historical Biology, 1, 2012, 24, {{clade| style=font-size:100%;line-height:80%|label1=Crocodylomorpha  |1={{cladex
|1=CM 73372
|2={{cladex
|1=Hesperosuchus(File:Hesperosuchus flipped.jpg|80 px)
|2=Dromicosuchus
|3={{cladex
|1=Sphenosuchus
|2={{cladex
|1=Dibothrosuchus
|2=Terrestrisuchus
|3={{cladex
|1=Litargosuchus
|2={{cladex
|1=Kayentasuchus
|label2= Crocodyliformes 
|2={{cladex
|1=Protosuchia(File:Sichuanosuchus BW flipped.jpg|80 px)
|label2= Metasuchia 
|2={{cladex
|1=Notosuchia(File:Comahuesuchus BW white background.jpg|80 px)
|2=Neosuchia(File:Description des reptiles nouveaux, ou, Imparfaitement connus de la collection du Muséum d'histoire naturelle et remarques sur la classification et les caractères des reptiles (1852) (Crocodylus moreletii).jpg|80px)
}} }} }} }} }} }} }} }} }}The previous definitions of Crocodilia and Eusuchia did not accurately convey evolutionary relationships within the group. The only order-level taxon that is currently considered valid is Crocodilia in its present definition. Prehistoric crocodiles are represented by many taxa, but since few major groups of the ancient forms are distinguishable, a conclusion on how to define new order-level clades is not yet possible. (Benson & Clark, 1988).

Biology

The Crocodylomorpha comprise a variety of forms, shapes, and sizes, which occupied a range of habitats. As with most amniotes, Crocodylomorphs were and are oviparous, laying eggs in a nest or mound, known from strata as old as the Late Jurassic.JOURNAL, Russo, J., Mateus, O., Marzola, M., Balbino, A., 2017, Two new ootaxa from the late Jurassic: The oldest record of crocodylomorph eggs, from the Lourinhã Formation, Portugal, PLOS ONE, 12, 3, 1–23, 10.1371/journal.pone.0171919, 5342183, Adult size varies widely, from about 55 cm long in Knoetschkesuchus to much larger dimensions, as in Sarcosuchus. Most crocodylomorphs were carnivores, but many lineages evolved to be obligate piscivores, such as the extant gharials.

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

{{Pseudosuchia|L.}}{{Crocs}}{{Taxonbar|from=Q131863}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Crocodylomorpha" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 8:53pm EDT - Tue, Aug 20 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
GETWIKI 09 JUL 2019
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
GETWIKI 09 MAY 2016
GETWIKI 18 OCT 2015
M.R.M. Parrott
Biographies
GETWIKI 20 AUG 2014
GETWIKI 19 AUG 2014
CONNECT