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Count of Flanders

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Count of Flanders
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{{Redirect|Countess of Flanders|the wife of a Count of Flanders|List of countesses of Flanders by marriage}}{{refimprove|date=October 2012}}Image:Coat of Arms of the Count of Flanders (according to the Gelre Armorial).svg|thumb|right|150px|Coat of armsCoat of armsThe count of Flanders was the ruler or sub-ruler of the county of Flanders, beginning in the 9th century.BOOK, Gilliat-Smith, Ernest, The story of Bruges, 1909, J. M. Den & Co., London, 978-1-4446-6629-8, 5, 4th,weblink 7 July 2016, The title was held for a time by the rulers of the Holy Roman Empire and Spain. During the French Revolution in 1790, the county of Flanders was annexed to France and ceased to exist. In the 19th century, the title was appropriated by Belgium and granted twice to younger sons of Belgian kings. The most recent holder died in 1983.WEB,weblink Prince Regent Charles, www.monarchie.be, July 7, 2016, Although the early rulers, starting with Arnulf I, were sometimes referred to as margraves or marquesses, this alternate title largely fell out of use by the 12th century. Since then, the rulers of Flanders have only been referred to as Counts.The counts of Flanders enlarged their estate through a series of diplomatic marriages. The counties of Hainaut, Namur, Béthune, Nevers, Auxerre, Rethel, Burgundy, and Artois were all acquired in this manner. However, the County of Flanders suffered the same fate in turn. As a result of the marriage of Countess Margaret III with Philip II, Duke of Burgundy, the county and the subsidiary counties, entered a personal union with the Duchy of Burgundy in 1405.BOOK, Wim Blockmans, Walter Prevenier, The Promised Lands: The Low Countries Under Burgundian Rule, 1369-1530,weblink 3 August 2010, University of Pennsylvania Press, 0-8122-0070-5, The counts of Flanders were also associated with the Duchy of Brittany prior to its union with France. In c 1323, Joan, the daughter of Arthur II, Duke of Brittany, married the second son of Count Robert III. Joanna of Flanders, the granddaughter of Count Robert III and daughter of his son, Count Louis I, married John Montfort.BOOK, History of England, by F.Y. Powell and (T.F. Tout).,weblink 1885, 228–, During Montfort's imprisonment, she fought on his behalf, alongside English allies, during the Breton War of Succession for the ducal crown, which was won definitively by her son John V, Duke of Brittany. It was through this alliance that the Duchy of Brittany was eventually joined to the throne of France.BOOK, John A. Wagner, Encyclopedia of the Hundred Years War,weblink 2006, Greenwood Publishing Group, 978-0-313-32736-0, 182–,

List of counts

House of Flanders

House of Estridsen

House of Normandy

House of Alsace or House of Metz

House of Flanders

In 1244, the Counties of Flanders and Hainaut were claimed by Margaret II's sons, the half-brothers John I of Avesnes and William III of Dampierre in the War of the Succession of Flanders and Hainault. In 1246, King Louis IX of France awarded Flanders to William.

House of Dampierre

  • William II (r. 1247–1251), son of Margaret II and William II of Dampierre
  • Guy I (r. 1251–1305), son of Margaret II and William II of Dampierre, imprisoned 1253–1256 by John I of Avesnes, also Count of Namur
  • Robert III ("the Lion of Flanders") (r. 1305–1322), son of Guy
  • Louis I (r. 1322–1346), grandson of Robert III
  • Louis II (r. 1346–1384), son of Louis I
  • Margaret III (r. 1384–1405), daughter of Louis II, jointly with her husband, Philip II

House of Burgundy

House of Habsburg

Charles V proclaimed the Pragmatic Sanction of 1549 eternally uniting Flanders with the other lordships of the Low Countries in a personal union. When the Habsburg empire was divided among the heirs of Charles V, the Low Countries, including Flanders, went to Philip II of Spain, of the Spanish branch of the House of Habsburg.
  • Philip V (r. 1555–1598), son of Charles III, also King of Spain as Philip II


usurpation by Francis, Duke of Anjou (Valois) (1582–1584)Knecht, Catherine de' Medici, Longman, 1998, p. 212.
Between 1706 and 1714, Flanders was invaded by the English and the Dutch during the War of the Spanish Succession. The fief was claimed by the House of Habsburg and the House of Bourbon. In 1713, the Treaty of Utrecht settled the succession and the County of Flanders went to the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg.
  • Charles V (r. 1714–1740), great grandson of Philip III, also Holy Roman Emperor (elect)
  • Maria Theresa (r. 1740–1780), daughter of Charles IV, jointly with
  • Joseph I (r. 1780–1790), son of Maria Theresa and Francis I
  • Leopold (r. 1790–1792), son of Maria Theresa and Francis I
  • Francis II (r. 1792–1835), son of Leopold, also Holy Roman Emperor
The title was abolished de facto after revolutionary France annexed Flanders in 1795. The Emperor Francis II relinquished his claim to the Low Countries in the Treaty of Campo Formio of 1797, and the area remained part of France until the end of the Napoleonic Wars.

Modern usage

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

In modern times, the title was granted to two younger sons of the kings of the Belgians.

House of Bourbon

The title, Count of Flanders, is one of the titles of the Spanish Crown. It is a historical title which is only nominally and ceremonially used.

Sources

{{commons category|Counts of Flanders}}{{reflist}}

See also

{{Belgian royal titles}}

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