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Count of Barcelona
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The Count of Barcelona (, , ) was the ruler of Barcelona for much of Catalan history, from the 9th century until the 15th century.

History

{{History of Catalonia}}(File:Marca Hispanica Longnon 806.png|thumb|left|200px|The Spanish March.)The County of Barcelona was created by Charlemagne after he had conquered lands north of the river Ebro. These lands, called the Marca Hispanica, were partitioned into various counties, of which the Count of Barcelona, usually holding other counties simultaneously, eventually obtained the primacy over the region.As the county became hereditary in one family, the bond of the counts to their Frankish overlords loosened, especially after the Capetian dynasty supplanted the Carolingians.In the 12th century, the counts formed a dynastic union with the Kingdom of Aragon, merging the two realms under a single ruler. In 1258, the King of France relinquished his feudal authority over the county in the Treaty of Corbeil.Barcelona remained, as a part of the Principality of Catalonia, part of the Crown of Aragon when the latter around 1500 entered into a union with the Crown of Castile, thereby forming the Spanish Monarchy. Catalonia maintained its own laws, institutions, taxes and privileges until they were removed after the War of the Spanish Succession in the 18th century.{{citation needed|date=November 2017}}Count of Barcelona remained one of the many hereditary titles of the Spanish monarchy.In the 20th century, the title regained some prominence when Juan de Borbón, the exiled heir to the Spanish throne, adopted the title of Count of Barcelona. In doing so, he claimed a historical royal title without claiming to be the current king of Spain, especially after his son Juan Carlos became the prospective successor of the then-ruler of Spain, Francisco Franco. In 1977, after Juan Carlos had become King upon Franco's death in 1975, he officially awarded the title of Count of Barcelona to his father, who had renounced his rights to the throne. Juan held that title until his death in 1993, when it reverted to the King who has held it ever since. Juan de Borbón's widow used the title Countess of Barcelona until her death in 2000.

List of Counts of Barcelona

Non-dynastic, 801–878

{|style="text-align:center; width:100%" class="wikitable"!width=25%|Name!!width=105px|Portrait!!width=10%|Reign!!width=58%|Notes
Berà, Count of Barcelona>Guilhèm I of Razès, brother of Bello of Razès,{{citation needed>date=October 2012}} also Count of Razès and Conflent (790–820), Girona, Besalú, Ausona (812/817–820), deposed.
Rampó, Count of Barcelona>Rampon(Rampó) 820–826also Count of Girona and Besalú
Bernard of Septimania>Bernard I(Bernat I) 826–832son of William of Gellone, also margrave of Septimania (834–835) and Imperial Chamberlain (829–830), deposed.
Berenguer of Toulouse, Count of Barcelona>Berenguer 832–835also Count of Toulouse.
Bernard of Septimania>Bernard I(Bernat I) 836–844restored, executed on orders of Charles the Bald.
Sunifred, Count of Barcelona>Sunifred 844–848son or son-in-law of Belló of Carcassone, also Count of Ausona, Besalú, Girona, Narbonne, Agde, Béziers, Lodève, Melgueil, Cerdanya, Urgell, Conflent and Nîmes.
William of Septimania>William(Guillem) 848–850son of Bernard I, also Count of Toulouse (844–850), rebelled and was killed.
Aleran>|also Count of Empúries and Roussillon and Margrave of Septimania.
Odalric>|son of Hunfrid, Margrave of Istria, also Count of Girona, Roussillon, Empúries and Margrave of Septimania.
Humfrid, Count of Barcelona>Humfrid 858–864son of Hunfrid II, Duke of Rhaetia, also Count of Girona, Empúries, Roussillon, and Narbonne and Margrave of Gothia.
Bernard of Gothia>Bernard II(Bernat II) 865–878son of Bernard of Poitiers also Count of Girona and Margrave of Gothia and Septimania, rebelled.

House of Sunifred, 878–1162

{{Monarchs - table header}}
Wilfred the Hairy>Wilfred I the Hairy(Guifré el Pelós)878 â€“897(File:Estatuas Plaza de Oriente Madrid 19 (16569217757).jpgGironaDisputed filiation>|897Trempaged 46–47
Wilfred II Borrel>Wilfred II Borrell I(Guifré II Borrell)897 â€“26 April 911(File:Wifred II of Barcelona.jpgGirona First son of Wilfred the Hairy>Wilfred Iand Guinidilda of EmpúriesGarsenda of Toulouse8981 child26 April 911Barcelonaaged 36–37
Sunyer, Count of Barcelona>Sunyer26 April 911 â€“947(File:Rotlle-genealogic-sunifred-I-de-barcelona.jpgGirona Sixth son of Wilfred the Hairy>Wilfred I and Guinidilda of EmpúriesAimilda9141 childRichilde of Toulouse9255 children15 October 950Lagrasseaged 59–60
Miro, Count of Barcelona>Miro I947 â€“966(File:Rotlle-genealogic-mir-I-de-barcelona.jpgBarcelonaSecond son of Sunyer, Count of Barcelona>Sunyer and Richilde of ToulouseUnmarried966aged 39–40
Borrell II, Count of Barcelona>Borrell II947 â€“992(joint rule 947-966)(File:Rotlle-genealogic-borrell-II-de-barcelona.jpgBarcelonaThird son of Sunyer, Count of Barcelona>Sunyer and Richilde of ToulouseLuitgarde of Toulouse9685 children992aged 64–65
Ramon Borrell, Count of Barcelona>Ramon Borrell988 â€“8 September 1017(joint rule 988–992)(File:Rotlle-genealogic-ramon-borrell-I-de-barcelona.jpgGironaSon of Borrell II, Count of Barcelona>Borrell II and Luitgarde of ToulouseErmesinde of Carcassonne9932 children8 September 1017Barcelonaaged 45
bgcolor="#EECCAA"
Ermesinde of Carcassonne993–10211035–1039(joint rule 993–1017); (regent 1017–1021, 1035–1039)>100px)972CarcassonneDaughter of Roger I of Carcassonne and Adelaide of MelgueilRamon Borrell, Count of Barcelona9932 children>|1 March 1058Sant Quirze de Besoraaged 85–86
Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Barcelona>Berenguer Ramon I the CrookedEl Corbat8 September 1017 â€“31 March 1035(under regency of Ermesinde of Carcassonne 1017–1021)(File:Berenguer Ramon I. BarcelonskýPergamen Poblet.jpgRamon Borrell, Count of Barcelona>Ramon Borrell and Ermesinde of CarcassonneSancha of Castile10212 childrenGuisla of Lluçá10273 children31 March 1035Barcelonaaged 30–31
Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona>Ramon Berenguer I the OldEl Vell31 March 1035 â€“26 June 1076(under regency of Ermesinde of Carcassonne 1035–1039)(File:Raimundo Berengário I de Barcelona1.jpgGironaSon of Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Barcelona>Berenguer Ramon Iand Sancha of CastileÉlisabeth de Nîmes10393 childrenBlanche de Narbonne16 March 1051(annulled 1052)no childrenAlmodis de La Marche1056Barcelona(together since 1052)4 children26 June 1076Barcelonaaged 52–53
bgcolor="#EECCAA"
Almodis de La Marche1052 â€“16 October 1071(joint rule)>100px)c.1020ToulouseDaughter of Bernard I de La Marche and Amélie de Rasès Hugh V of Lusignan1038 (annulled c.1040)3 childrenPons, Count of Toulouse1040 or 1045 (annulled 1052)4 childrenRamon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona1056Barcelona(together since 1052)4 children>|16 October 1071Barcelonaaged 50–51
Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona>Ramon Berenguer II the TowheadEl Cap d'Estopes26 June 1076 â€“6 December 1082(File:Ramon Berenguer II.jpgGironaFirst/Second son of Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona>Ramon Berenguer Iand Almodis de La MarcheMafalda of Apulia-Calabria1078Barcelona3 children6 December 1082Sant Feliu de Buixalleuaged 28–29
Berenguer Ramon II, Count of Barcelona>Berenguer Ramon II the Fratricideel Fratricida26 June 1076 â€“1097(joint rule 1076–1082)c.1053First/Second son of Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelonaand Almodis de La Marche>Unmarried>|1097Jerusalemaged 43–44
Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona>Ramon Berenguer III the GreatEl Gran6 December 1082 â€“19 July 1131(joint rule 1082–1097)(File:Berenguer el Gran P1210429.jpgRodezSon of Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona>Ramon Berenguer IIand Mafalda of Apulia-CalabriaMaría Díaz de Vívar11032 childrenAlmodis de Mortain1106no childrenDouce I, Countess of Provence3 February 1112Arles7 children19 July 1131Barcelonaaged 48
Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona>Ramon Berenguer IV the SaintEl Sant19 July 1131 â€“6 August 1162(File:Jazpert de Peralada renders tribute to Count Raymond Berenguer III for the town of Peralada..jpgBarcelona or RodezSon of Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona>Ramon Berenguer IIIand Douce I, Countess of ProvencePetronilla of AragonAugust 1050Lleida5 children6 August 1162Borgo San Dalmazzoaged 48–49
(File:Barcelona Cathedral Interior - Sepulchres of Ramón Berenguer I and Almodis.jpg|thumb|200px|Tomb of Count Ramon Berenger I (d. 1076).)The succession of Ramon Berenguer IV and Petronilla led to the creation of the Crown of Aragon.

House of Barcelona, 1164–1410

{{Monarchs - table header}}Alfonso II of Aragon>Alphonse I the TroubadourEl Trobador18 July 1164 â€“ 25 April 1196(File:Alifonso II d'Aragón.jpgAlfons I)1-25 March 1157Huescason of Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon>marriage agreement withMafalda of Portugal (daughter of Afonso Henriques)>Mafalda of Portugal 1159-1162, not fulfilledSancha of Castile, Queen of Aragon18 January 1174Zaragoza7 children>|25 April 1196Perpignanaged 44
Peter II of Aragon>Peter I the CatholicEl Catòlic25 April 1196 â€“ 13 September 1213(File:Pietro II d'Aragón.jpgPeter I)July 1178Huescason of Alfonso II of Aragon and Sancha of Castile, Queen of Aragon>Sancha of CastileMarie of Montpellier15 June 12042 children12 September 1213Battle of Muretaged 35
James I of Aragon>James I the ConquerorEl Conqueridor13 September 1213 â€“ 27 July 1276(File:Jaume I Palma.jpgJames I)2 February 1208Montpellierson of Peter II of Aragon and Marie of Montpellier>marriage agreement withAurembiaix>Aurembiaix, Countess of Urgell 1209, not fulfilledEleanor of Castile (1202-1244)6 February 1221Ágreda1 childViolant of Hungary8 September 1235Barcelona10 childrenTeresa Gil de Vidaure (lover, then wife)1255(uncanonical marriage, repudiated 1260)2 children>|27 July 1276Valenciaaged 68
Peter III of Aragon>Peter II the GreatEl Gran27 July 1276 â€“ 2 November 1285(File:PedroIII.jpgPeter II)July or August 1240Valenciason of James I of Aragon and Violant of Hungary>Constance of Sicily, Queen of Aragon>Constance of Sicily13 June 1262Montpellier6 children2 November 1285Vilafranca del Penedèsaged 45
Alfonso III of Aragon>Alphonse II the LiberalEl Liberal2 November 1285 â€“ 18 June 1291(File:Alifonso III d'Aragón.jpgAlfons II)4 November 1265Valenciason of Peter III of Aragon and Constance of Sicily, Queen of Aragon>Constance of Sicily Eleanor of England (1269-1298)15 August 1290 (by proxy and not consummated; death of the groom during bride's way to Aragon)>|18 June 1291Barcelonaaged 27
James II of Aragon>James II the FairEl Just18 June 1291 â€“ 2 November 1327(File:Chaime II d'Aragón.jpgJames II)10 August 1267Valenciason of Peter III of Aragon and Constance of Sicily, Queen of Aragon>Constance of SicilyIsabella of Castile, Duchess of Brittany1 December 1291SoriaNo childrenBlanche of Anjou29 October or 1 November 1295Vilabertran10 childrenMarie of Lusignan, Queen of Aragon>Marie de Lusignan15 June 1315 (by proxy)Nicosia27 November 1315 (in person)GironaNo childrenElisenda de Montcada25 December 1322TarragonaNo children5 November 1327Barcelonaaged 60
Alfonso IV of Aragon>Alphonse III the KindEl Benigne2 November 1327 â€“ 24 January 1336(File:Alifonso IV d'Aragón.jpgAlfons III)2 November 1299Naplesson of James II of Aragon and Blanche of AnjouTeresa d'Entença1314Lerida7 childrenEleanor of Castile (1307–1359)5 February 1329Tarazona2 children>|27 January 1336Barcelonaaged 37
Peter IV of Aragon>Peter III the CeremoniousEl Cerimoniós24 January 1336 â€“ 5 January 1387(File:Pietro IV d'Aragón.jpgPeter III)5 October 1319Balaguerson of Alfonso IV of Aragon and Teresa d'Entença>Maria of Navarre25 July 1337Zaragoza2 childrenLeonor of Portugal (1328-1348)>Leonor of Portugal14 or 15 November 1347BarcelonaNo childrenEleanor of Sicily27 August 1349Valencia4 childrenSibila of Fortia11 October 1377Barcelona3 children5 January 1387Barcelonaaged 68
John I of Aragon>John the HunterEl Caçador5 January 1387 â€“ 19 May 1396(File:Chuan I d'Aragón.jpgJohn I)27 December 1350Perpignanson of Peter IV of Aragon and Eleanor of Sicily>marriage agreement with Joan of France (1351–1371)>Jeanne-Blanche of France 1370-1371, not fulfilledMartha of Armagnac24 June 1373Barcelona5 childrenViolant of Bar2 February 1380Perpignan7 children19 May 1396Foixàaged 46
Martin the Humanistl'Humà19 May 1396 â€“ 31 May 1410>100pxGironason of Peter IV of Aragon>Peter III and Eleanor of SicilyMaria de Luna13 June 1372Barcelona4 childrenMargaret of Prades17 September 1409BarcelonaNo children31 May 1410Barcelonaaged 54
Martin was the last direct descendant of Wilfred the Hairy to rule; died without legitimate heirs (interregnum 31 May 1410 â€“ 24 June 1412). By the Compromise of Caspe of 1412 the County of Barcelona and all its associated dominions passed to a branch of the House of Trastámara.The County of Barcelona formed a constituent part of the Crown of Spain under the rule of the House of Habsburg, until the Nueva Planta decrees (1707 and 1716), when Philip de Bourbon declared that all the territories from the Crown of Aragon should merge into Castile, building the centralized Kingdom of Spain. In Barcelona this was promulgated in 1716, and the title of Count of Barcelona became one of the many unused hereditary titles of the modern Spanish monarchy.

Reapers' War, 1641-1659

During the Reapers' War, the States-General (Braços Generals) on 21 January 1641 declared the French king Louis XIII Count of Barcelona as Louis I.Grau, Jaume. Pau Claris. Una vida amb misteris (in Catalan). Sàpiens [Barcelona], núm. 121, octubre 2012, p.54-57. ISSN 1695-2014Gelderen, Martin van; Skinner, Quentin (2002). Republicanism: Volume 1, Republicanism and Constitutionalism in Early Modern Europe: A Shared European Heritage. Cambridge University Press. p. 284. {{ISBN|9781139439619}} Despite the reconquest of Barcelona by Spain in 1652, the kings of France held on to the part of Catalonia north of the Pyrénées, where Catalan institutions remained. This lasted until the conclusion of the Franco-Spanish War and the signing of the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659, where French authorities renounced Catalonia, but received Northern Catalonia, which became the French province of Roussillon.

House of Bourbon, 1641-1659 {|style"text-align:center" class"wikitable"

!Name!!Portrait!!Reign
Louis XIII of France>Louis I(Louis XIII of France)27 September 1601 - 14 May 1643(File:Louis XIII (de Champaigne).jpg|1641-1643
Louis XIV of France>Louis II(Louis XIV of France)5 September 1638 - 1 September 1715(File:Louis XIV by Juste d'Egmont.jpg|1643-1659

Courtesy title

House of Bourbon, 1977–1993{|style"text-align:center; width:100%" class"wikitable"

!width=25%|Name!!width=105px|Portrait!!width=10%|Reign!!width=58%|Notes
Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona>John III(Juan III)(File:J. de Borbón.jpg|claimed title from 1941; officially granted by his son Juan Carlos I in exchange for renouncing his claim to the Spanish throne

See also

References

{{Royal houses of Europe}}{{Catalonia topics}}

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