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Continental Europe

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Continental Europe
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{{short description|continent of Europe, excluding European islands}}{{Redirect|European continent|the whole of the European continent including its islands|Europe}}{{Redirect|The Continent|other uses|Continent (disambiguation)}}{{Use mdy dates|date=July 2014}}{{Refimprove|date=October 2009}}(File:Mainland Europe (orthographic projection).svg|thumb|right|Extent of the contiguous mainland of Europe, the Continental Europe.)File:Europe As A Queen Sebastian Munster 1570.jpg|thumb|Europa regina map (Sebastian Munster, 1570), excluding Fennoscandia, Great Britain and Ireland, but including Bulgaria, Scythia, Moscovia and Tartaria; Sicily is clasped by Europe in the form of a Globus crucigerGlobus crucigerContinental or mainland Europe is the continuous continent of Europe, excluding its surrounding islands.DICTIONARY,weblink Merriam Webster Dictionary, Europe, 5 May 2019,weblink" title="archive.today/20140422145420weblink">weblink April 22, 2014, live, It can also be referred to ambiguously as the European continent – which can conversely mean the whole of Europe – and by Europeans, simply the Continent.The most common definition of continental Europe excludes continental islands, encompassing the Greek Islands, Cyprus, Malta, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, the Balearic Islands, Great Britain and Ireland and surrounding islands, Novaya Zemlya and the Nordic archipelago, as well as nearby oceanic islands, including the Canary Islands, Madeira, the Azores, Iceland, the Faroe Islands, and Svalbard.The Scandinavian Peninsula is sometimes also excluded, as even though it is technically part of "mainland Europe", the de facto connections to the rest of the continent are across the Baltic Sea or North Sea (rather than via the lengthy land route that involves travelling to the north of the peninsula where it meets Finland, and then south through north-east Europe).The old notion of Europe as a cultural and European unification term was centred on core Europe (Kerneuropa), the continental territory of the historical Carolingian Empire, corresponding to modern France, Italy, Germany (or German-speaking Europe) and the Benelux states (historical Austrasia).(File:Francia 814.svg|thumb|Extent of Carolingian Europe)This historical core of "Carolingian Europe" was consciously invoked in the 1950s as the historical ethno-cultural basis for the prospective European integration (see also Multi-speed Europe).BOOK, Marc, Trachtenberg, Marc Trachtenberg, Between Empire and Alliance: America and Europe During the Cold War, 2003,weblink 67, Rowman & Littlefield, 9780742521773, Francis J., Gavin, Francis J. Gavin, Christopher, Gehrz, Erin, Mahan, BOOK, Adrian, Hyde-Price, Germany and European Order: Enlarging NATO and the EU, 2000,weblink 128, Manchester University Press, 9780719054280, File:Inner Six and Outer Seven.svg|thumb|The "core Europe" of the Inner Six signatories of the Treaty of Paris (1951) (shown in blue; the French Fourth Republic shown with Algeria).]]

Use

Great Britain and Ireland

In both Great Britain and Ireland, the Continent is widely and generally used to refer to the mainland of Europe. An apocryphal British newspaper headline supposedly once read, "Fog in Channel; Continent Cut Off".NEWS,weblink Europe no star as election issue, CNN, Robin, Oakley, April 19, 2005, April 30, 2010, It has also been claimed that this was a regular weather forecast in Britain in the 1930s.BOOK, Fog in Channel?: Exploring Britain's Relationship with Europe, search, results, Tom, Sykes, September 2, 2009, Shoehorn Publishing, {{ASIN, 1907149066, uk, }} In addition, the word Europe itself is also regularly used to mean Europe excluding the islands of Great Britain, Iceland, and Ireland (although the term is often used to refer to the European UnionNEWS,weblink Britain pushes hard choices for Europe's hard core, BBC News, Douglas, Fraser, August 15, 2011, ). The term mainland Europe is also sometimes used. Usage may reflect political or cultural allegiances. Pro-European UK citizens are much less likely to use "Europe" in ways that exclude the UK and Ireland. Derivatively, the adjective continental refers to the social practices or fashion of continental Europe. Examples include breakfast, topless sunbathing and, historically, long-range driving (before Britain had motorways) often known as Grand Touring.{{citation needed|date = April 2012}} Differences include electrical plugs, time zones for the most part, the use of left-hand traffic, and for the United Kingdom, currency and the continued use of imperial units alongside metric.Britain is physically connected to continental Europe through the undersea Channel Tunnel (the longest undersea tunnel in the world), which accommodates both the Getlink (passenger and vehicle use – vehicle required) and Eurostar (passenger use only) services. These services were established to transport passengers and vehicles through the tunnel on a 24/7 basis between England and continental Europe, while still maintaining passport and immigration control measures on both sides of the tunnel. This route is popular with refugees and migrants seeking to enter the UK.NEWS,weblink France boosts Calais tunnel security, July 29, 2015, www.bbc.co.uk, BBC News,

Scandinavia

File:Ptolemaios 1467 Scandinavia.jpg|thumb|Map of the Scandiae islands by Nicolaus GermanusNicolaus GermanusEspecially in Germanic studies, continental refers to the European continent excluding the Scandinavian peninsula, Britain, Ireland, and Iceland. The reason for this is that although the Scandinavian peninsula is attached to continental Europe, and accessible via a land route along the 66th parallel north, it is usually reached by sea.
("the Continent") is a vernacular Swedish expression that refers to the area excluding Sweden, Norway, and Finland but including Denmark (even the Danish archipelago) and the rest of continental Europe. In Norway, similarly, one speaks about as a separate entity.
The Scandinavian peninsula is now connected to the Danish mainland (Jutland) by several bridges and tunnels.As in the British Isles, the dominant philosophical tradition in Scandinavia is analytic philosophy rather than Continental philosophy.

Mediterranean and Atlantic islands

The Continent may sometimes refer to the continental part of Italy (excluding Sardinia, Sicily, etc.), the continental part of Spain (excluding the Balearic islands, the Canary Islands, Alboran, etc.), the continental part of France (excluding Corsica, etc.), the continental part of Portugal (excluding the Madeira and Azores islands), or the continental part of Greece (excluding the Ionian Islands, the Aegean Islands, and Crete). The term is used from the perspective of the island residents of each country to describe the continental portion of their country or the continent (or mainland) as a whole.Continental France is also known as l'Hexagone, "the Hexagon", referring to its approximate shape on a map.

See also

References

{{Reflist}}{{Europe topics (small)}}

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