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Close vowel

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Close vowel
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{mergefrom|Near-close vowel|discuss=Wikipedia talk:WikiProject Linguistics#Proposal to merge four articles into two|date=July 2019}}{{IPA vowels|class=floatright}}{{IPA notice}}A close vowel, also known as a high vowel (in U.S. terminologyWEB, VOWEL QUALITY
publisher=Oxford University Press, 20 April 2017, ), is any in a class of vowel sounds used in many spoken languages. The defining characteristic of a close vowel is that the tongue is positioned as close as possible to the roof of the mouth as it can be without creating a constriction. A constriction would produce a sound that would be classified as a consonant. The term "close" ({{IPAc-en|k|l|oÊŠ|s}}) is recommended by the International Phonetic Association. Close vowels are often referred to as "high" vowels, as in the Americanist phonetic tradition, because the tongue is positioned high in the mouth during articulation.In the context of the phonology of any particular language, a high vowel can be any vowel that is more close than a mid vowel. That is, close-mid vowels, near-close vowels, and close vowels can all be considered high vowels.

Partial list

The six close vowels that have dedicated symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet are: (IPA letters for rounded vowels are ambiguous as to whether the rounding is protrusion or compression. However, transcription of the world's languages tends to pattern as above.)There also are close vowels that don't have dedicated symbols in the IPA: Other close vowels can be indicated with diacritics of relative articulation applied to letters for neighboring vowels, such as {{angbr IPA|i̠}} or {{angbr IPA|ɪ̝}} for a close near-front unrounded vowel.

See also

References

{{Reflist}}{{IPA navigation}}


- content above as imported from Wikipedia
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- time: 11:43am EDT - Mon, Sep 23 2019
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