City of Westminster

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City of Westminster
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{{For|the area of London|Westminster}}{{short description|City and borough in London}}{{Use British English|date=August 2015}}{{Use dmy dates|date=February 2018}}

| leader_title = Leadership| leader_name = Leader & CabinetLord mayor>Lord Mayor| leader_name1 = Lindsey Hall| leader_title2 = London AssemblyTony Devenish (Con) AM for West Central (London Assembly constituency)>West CentralList of MPs elected in the 2017 United Kingdom general election>MPsKaren Buck (Lab),}} {{nowrap|Mark Field (Con)}}| leader_title4 = EU ParliamentLondon (European Parliament constituency)>London| total_type = | unit_pref = | area_footnotes = | area_magnitude = | area_total_km2 = 21.48| area_total_sq_mi = | area_total_dunam = | area_land_km2 = | area_land_sq_mi = | area_water_km2 = | area_water_sq_mi = | area_water_percent = | area_urban_footnotes = | area_urban_km2 = | area_urban_sq_mi = | area_rural_footnotes = | area_rural_km2 = | area_rural_sq_mi = | area_metro_footnotes = | area_metro_km2 = | area_metro_sq_mi = ONS=00BKList of English districts by area>(of {{English district total}})| area_blank1_title = | area_blank1_km2 = | area_blank1_sq_mi = | area_blank2_title = | area_blank2_km2 = | area_blank2_sq_mi = | population_footnotes = ONS=00BK|GSS=E09000033}}| population_as_of = {{United Kingdom statistics year}}ONS=00BKList of English districts by population>(of {{English district total}})| population_density_km2 = auto| population_density_sq_mi= | population_blank1_title = Ethnicity2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census.| population_blank1 = 35.2% White British2.3% White Irish0% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller24.1% Other White0.9% White & Black Caribbean0.9% White & Black African1.6% White & Asian1.8% Other Mixed3.3% Indian1.1% Pakistani2.9% Bangladeshi2.7% Chinese4.6% Other Asian4.2% Black African2% Black Caribbean1.3% Other Black7.2% Arab3.9% Other| population_blank2_title =| population_blank2 =| population_demonym = Greenwich Mean Time>GMT| utc_offset = ±00:00{{!}}UTCBritish Summer Time>BST| utc_offset_DST = +1Postcodes in the United Kingdom>PostcodesEC}}, {{postcodeSW}}, {{postcodeWC}}| area_code_type = | area_code = 020| geocode =| iso_code = | registration_plate =ONS coding system>ONS code| blank1_info = 00BKONS coding system>GSS code| blank2_info = E09000033List of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom>PoliceMetropolitan Police Service>Metropolitan Police| website =weblink| footnotes = }}The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough that also holds city status. It occupies much of the central area of Greater London including most of the West End. Historically in Middlesex, it is to the west of the ancient City of London, directly to the east of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, and its southern boundary is the River Thames. The London borough was created with the 1965 establishment of Greater London. Upon its creation, it inherited the city status previously held by the smaller Metropolitan Borough of Westminster from 1900, which was first awarded to Westminster in 1540.Aside from a number of large parks and open spaces, the population density of the district is high. Many sites commonly associated with London are in the borough, including St James's Palace, Buckingham Palace, the Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament) and 10 Downing Street. The borough is divided into a number of localities including the ancient political district of Westminster; the shopping areas around Oxford Street, Regent Street, Piccadilly and Bond Street; and the night-time entertainment district of Soho. Much of the borough is residential, and in 2008 it was estimated to have a population of 236,000. The local government body is Westminster City Council.A study in 2017 by Trust for London and The New Policy Institute found that Westminster has the third-highest pay inequality of the 32 London boroughs. It also has the second-least affordable private rent for low earners in London, behind only Kensington and Chelsea. The borough performs more positively on education, with 82% of adults and 69% of 19-year-olds having Level 3 qualifications.WEB, London's Poverty Profile,weblink Trust for London, 19 June 2018,

Coat of arms

{{multiple image|
| align = left
| direction = vertical
| image1 = City of Westminster arms at Westminster City Hall.JPG
| caption1 = Coat of arms of the City of Westminster at Westminster City Hall
| image2 = Old Bond Street (5821104648).jpg
| caption2 = Historic coat of arms of Westminster, in Old Bond Street
}}The current Westminster coat of arms were given to the city by an official grant on 2 September 1964.WEB,weblink Westminster (London), Heraldry of the world, 25 October 2015, Westminster had other arms before, which had a chief identical to the chief in the present arms. The symbols in the lower two thirds of the shield stand for former municipalities now merged with the city, Paddington and St. Marylebone. The original arms had a portcullis as the main charge, which now forms the crest.


The origins of the City of Westminster pre-date the Norman Conquest of England. In the mid-11th century, King Edward the Confessor began the construction of an abbey at Westminster, only the foundations of which survive today. Between the abbey and the river he built a palace, thereby guaranteeing that the seat of Government would be fixed at Westminster, and inevitably drawing power and wealth west out of the old City of London.Gray, p. 68For centuries Westminster and the City of London were geographically quite distinct. It was not until the sixteenth century that houses began to be built over the adjoining fields, eventually absorbing nearby villages such as Marylebone and Kensington, and gradually creating the vast Greater London that exists today.Henry VIII's dissolution of the monasteries abolished the abbey at Westminster, although the former abbey church is still called Westminster Abbey. The church was briefly the cathedral of the Diocese of Westminster created from part of the Diocese of London in 1540, by letters patent which also granted city status to Westminster, a status retained after the diocese was abolished in 1550.BOOK, Coke, Edward, Edward Coke, Hale, Matthew, Matthew Hale (jurist), Nottingham, Heneage Finch, Earl of, Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham, Francis Hargrave, Charles Butler, A commentary upon Littleton,weblink 17 May 2010, 1st American, from 19th London, The Institutes of the laws of England, 1, 1853, R. H. Small, Philadelphia, Vol. 1 p.164, Y, 109b, Note (3) [124], ; BOOK, Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16: 1540–1541, December 1540; Grants, No.30, 174–175,weblink British History Online, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1898, 5 June 2018, en,
The Westminster Court of Burgesses was formed in 1585 to govern the Westminster area, previously under the Abbey's control. The City and Liberties of Westminster were further defined by Letters Patent in 1604, and the court of burgesses and liberty continued in existence until 1900, and the creation of the Metropolitan Borough of Westminster.Description of the City and Liberties of Westminster in 1819Lewis, Samuel, Topgraphical Dictionary of England, Vol. III, London, 1831
The present-day City of Westminster as an administrative entity with its present boundaries dates from 1965, when the City of Westminster was created from the former area of three metropolitan boroughs: St Marylebone, Paddington, and the smaller Metropolitan Borough of Westminster, which included Soho, Mayfair, St. James's, Strand, Westminster, Pimlico, Belgravia, and Hyde Park. This restructuring took place under the London Government Act 1963, which significantly reduced the number of local government districts in London, resulting in local authorities responsible for larger geographical areas and greater populations.The Westminster Metropolitan Borough was itself the result of an administrative amalgamation which took place in 1900. Sir John Hunt O.B.E was the First Town Clerk of the City of Westminster, 1900–1928.Prior to 1900, the area occupied by what would become the Metropolitan Borough of Westminster had been administered by five separate local bodies: the Vestry of St George Hanover Square, the Vestry of St Martin in the Fields, Strand District Board of Works, Westminster District Board of Works and the Vestry of Westminster St James.The boundaries of the City of Westminster today, as well as those of the other London boroughs, have remained more or less unchanged since the Act of 1963.


{{Historical populations|type = UK| title= Population|footnote = Source:A Vision of Britain through time, citing Census population220188245254288851344200368910422850446263469677493090462837441857421865396406372566334448300461267126237614163893187526181279219396}}


The following table shows the ethnic group of respondents in the 2001 and 2011 census in Westminster.{|class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:right"!rowspan="2"|Ethnic Group!colspan="2"|2001WEB,weblink KS006 - Ethnic group, NOMIS, 30 January 2016, !colspan="2"|2011WEB,weblink Ethnic Group by measures, NOMIS, 8 January 2016, !Number!%!Number!% White: British 87,938 48.51% 77,334 35.25% White: Irish 6,574 3.63% 4,960 2.26% White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller 76 0.03% White: Other 38,203 21.07% 52,960 24.14% White: Total 132,715 73.12% 135,330 61.68% Asian or Asian British: Indian 5,665 3.12% 7,213 3.29% Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 1,828 1.01% 2,328 1.06% Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 5,000 2.76% 6,299 2.87% Asian or Asian British: Chinese 4,077 2.25% 5,917 2.70% Asian or Asian British: Other Asian 3,614 1.99% 10,105 4.61% Asian or Asian British: Total 20,184 11.13% 31,862 14.52% Black or Black British: Caribbean 5,613 3.10% 4,449 2.03% Black or Black British: African 6,678 3.68% 9,141 4.17% Black or Black British: Other Black 1,190 0.66% 2,882 1.31% Black or Black British: Total 13,481 7.44% 16,472 7.51% Mixed: White and Black Caribbean 1,382 0.76% 1,869 0.85% Mixed: White and Black African 1,204 0.66% 1,927 0.89% Mixed: White and Asian 2,436 1.34% 3,584 1.63% Mixed: Other Mixed 2,458 1.36% 4,015 1.83% Mixed: Total 7,480 4.13% 11,395 5.19% Other: Arab 15,724 7.17% Other: Any other ethnic group 8,613 3.93%5 Other: Total 7,426 4.10% 24,337 11.09% Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total 48,571 26.79% 84,066 38.32% Total 181,286 100.00% 219,396 100.00%">

Religion{|class"wikitable sortable" style"text-align:right"

!rowspan="2"|Religion!colspan="2"|2001WEB,weblink KS007 - Religion, 30 January 2016, !colspan="2"|2011WEB,weblink 2011 census – theme tables, 8 January 2016, !Number!%!Number!% Christian 99,797 55.05% 97,877 44.61% No religion 29,300 16.16% 44,542 20.30% Muslim 21,346 11.77% 40,073 18.27% Religion not stated 15,877 8.76% 20,519 9.35% Jewish 7,732 4.27% 7,237 3.30% Hindu 3,497 1.93% 4,178 1.90% Buddhist 2,392 1.32% 3,194 1.46% Other religion 945 0.52% 1,280 0.58% Sikh 400 0.22% 496 0.23% Total 181,286 100.00% 219,396 100.00%


Local government

(File:Westminster London UK labelled ward map 2002.svg|thumb|A map showing the wards of Westminster since 2002)The city is divided into 20 wards, each electing three councillors. Westminster City Council is currently composed of 41 Conservative Party members and 19 Labour Party members.Councillors by political party at Lord Mayor is elected annually to serve as the official representative of the city for one year. See List of Lord Mayors of Westminster for a list of former Mayors (1900–1965) and Lord Mayors (1965 to date).">

UK Parliament{| class"wikitable"

! colspan=6 | Evolution of Parliamentary representation! 1918! 1950! 1974! 1983! 1997! 2010 {{Constituency link|Constituency = St Marylebone}} {{Constituency link|Constituency = Westminster North}} {{Constituency link|Constituency = Regent's Park and Kensington North}} {{Constituency link|Constituency = Westminster North}} {{Constituency link|Constituency = Paddington North}} {{Constituency link|Constituency = Paddington}} {{Constituency link|Constituency = Paddington South}} {{Constituency link|Constituency = Cities of London and Westminster}}Constituency = Westminster St George's}} {{Constituency link|Constituency = Cities of London and Westminster}} {{Constituency link|Constituency = Cities of London and Westminster}}Constituency = Westminster Abbey}}Constituency = City of London}}


The City of Westminster covers all or part of the following areas of London:{{Div col|colwidth=22em}} {{Div col end}}


The City of Westminster is home to a large number of companies. With 50,100 businesses currently located in Westminster (Experian, 2012), which is around 12% of London’s total, and is a growing figure. WEB,weblink WESTMINSTER’S ECONOMY DEVELOPING WESTMINSTER’S CITY PLAN, City of Westminster Government, 2014-06-24, 2019-07-08, Many leading global corporations have chosen to establish their global or European headquarters in the City of Westminster. Mayfair and St. James's within the City of Westminster also have a large concentration of hedge fund and private equity funds. The West End is known as the Theatre District and is home to many of the leading performing arts businesses. Soho and its adjoining areas house a concentration of media and creative companies. Oxford Street is one of the leading shopping destinations in the world.{{Citation needed|date=August 2011}} The list of companies includesFile:BPheadoffice.JPG|thumb|BP head office in St. James'sSt. James's(File:Economist building London4.jpg|thumb|The Economist Building, St James's Street)
  • BAE Systems has its head office in Westminster"Company Info." BAE Systems. Retrieved on 31 August 2011. "Registered office 6 Carlton Gardens, London, SW1Y 5AD, United Kingdom""
London > BAE Systems plc." BAE Systems. Retrieved on 31 August 2011. "BAE Systems plc Address London – Stirling Square Carlton Gardens London SW1Y 5AD United Kingdom ""Head Office." BAE Systems. Retrieved on 31 August 2011. "As you might expect, our London Head Office is the base for our Executive Board and for other senior group managers in strategic roles." and "Head Office is located in Central London but also has a number of support functions and functional specialists based in Farnborough, Hampshire." The Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, London is in Westminster."Contact Us." Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, London. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.Companies that previously had their head offices in the City of Westminster include Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI), British Aircraft Corporation,Gardner, Charles. British Aircraft Corporation: A History. Batsford, 1981. 40. Retrieved from Google Books on 1 September 2011. "The London headquarters chosen for bac were at 100 Pall Mall – on the top floors of a new concrete box which had sprung up on the site of the old, historic (and bombed) Carlton Club. It was the view of bac that small London headquarters[...]" British Midland (Portland House),"World Airline Directory." Flight International. 28 September 1967. 530. "Head Office: 78 Buckingham Gate, London SW1" British United Airways,"World Airline Directory." Flight International. 28 September 1967. 530. "Head Office: Portland House, Stag Place, London SW1" British Mediterranean Airways,"World Airline Directory." Flight International. 29 March-4 April 1995. 62. "53 Mount Street, London W1Y 5RE, UK" Cadbury,Muspratt, Caroline. "Cadbury swaps Mayfair for Uxbridge." The Daily Telegraph. 1 June 2007. Retrieved on 27 April 2010. Diageo,"weblink" title="">Contact us." Diageo. Retrieved on 15 December 2009. "main content Diageo plc 8 Henrietta Place LONDON W1G ONB" BAA Limited,"weblink" title="">BAA plc Head Office, Victoria, London." BAA Limited. Retrieved on 2 October 2010. "BAA plc 130 Wilton Road London SW1V 1LQ:""weblink" title="">BAA Offices – Location Maps." BAA Limited. 17 March 2006. Retrieved on 2 October 2010. "BAA plc Head Office, Victoria, London (121KB)." Lloyd International Airways,"World Airline Directory." Flight International. 12 April 1962. 548. "Head Office: Princes House, 190/195 Piccadilly, London Wl." and P&O Princess Cruises."weblink" title="">Contact." P&O Princess Cruises. 5 June 2002. Retrieved on 19 September 2011. "P&O Princess Cruises plc Registered office: 77 New Oxford Street London WC1A 1PP UK" In addition, Iran Air previously had its Piccadilly main sales office in the city."IranAir moves to new offices {{Webarchive|url= |date=18 February 2012 }}." Iran Air. Retrieved on 29 February 2012. "177–179 Hammersmith Road, London, W6 8BS""Ticket Payment Information {{webarchive|url= |date=1 March 2011 }}." Iran Air. Retrieved on 29 February 2012. "Iran Air Sales Office, 73 Piccadilly, London W1J 8QX"


File:Open Happiness Piccadilly Circus Blue-Pink Hour 120917-1126-jikatu.jpg|thumb|left|Piccadilly CircusPiccadilly CircusFile:Clock Tower - Palace of Westminster, London - May 2007.jpg|thumb|Big Ben is the nickname for the Great Bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster and is usually referred to both the clock and the clock tower (Elizabeth TowerElizabeth TowerThe City of Westminster contains the some of the most famous sites in London, including Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey, the Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament) and Big Ben.

Parks and open spaces

These include Green Park, Hyde Park, Kensington Gardens, Regent's Park and St. James's Park. In addition to parks and open spaces within the borough, the City owns and maintains East Finchley Cemetery and crematorium in the London Borough of Barnet.


File:Marylebone station 01.jpg|thumb|Marylebone stationMarylebone station

National Rail stations

Four National Rail stations serve the City of Westminster:{| class="wikitable"Transport for London,weblink" title="">weblink April 10, 2019, !Station!Image!Line!DestinationsCharing Cross railway station>London Charing Cross
{{Rint|GB|rail}} {{Rail-interchange|london|Bakerloo}} {{Rail-interchange|London|Northern}}
alt=An image of Charing Cross Station with Southeastern trains at the platform.158x158px)South Eastern main line>South Eastern Main LineKent including London Bridge station>London Bridge, Lewisham station, Dartford railway station>Dartford, Orpington railway station, Sevenoaks railway station>Sevenoaks and Tunbridge Wells railway station. Services operated by Southeastern (train operating company)>Southeastern.HTTPS://WWW.SOUTHEASTERNRAILWAY.CO.UK/TRAVEL-INFORMATION/MORE-TRAVEL-HELP/EXPLORE-OUR-NETWORK>TITLE=EXPLORE OUR NETWORKFIRST=WEBSITE=SOUTHEASTERN (TRAIN OPERATING COMPANY)>ARCHIVE-URL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20190418085522/HTTPS://WWW.SOUTHEASTERNRAILWAY.CO.UK/TRAVEL-INFORMATION/MORE-TRAVEL-HELP/EXPLORE-OUR-NETWORKDEAD-URL=, Marylebone station>London Marylebone{{Rail-interchange|gb|Rail}} {{Rail-interchange|london|bakerloo}}alt=Marylebone station at night, with red benches and glowing departure boards.158x158px)|Chiltern Main LineBuckinghamshire, Oxfordshire and Midlands including Wembley Stadium railway station>Wembley Stadium, Harrow-on-the-Hill station, Aylesbury railway station>Aylesbury, Oxford railway station and Birmingham Moor Street railway station>Birmingham Moor Street. Services operated by Chiltern Railways.HTTPS://WWW.CHILTERNRAILWAYS.CO.UK/THEMES/CHILTERN_ATOMIC/ASSETS/IMAGES/ROUTE_MAP.PNG>TITLE=ROUTE MAPFIRST=WEBSITE=CHILTERN RAILWAYSARCHIVE-DATE=APRIL 27, 2019ACCESS-DATE=, Paddington station>London Paddington{{Rail-interchange|gb|rail}} {{Rint|london|bakerloo}} {{Rint|london|circle}} {{Rail-interchange|london|district}} ({{Rint|london|elizabeth}}) {{Rail-interchange|london|h&c}} alt=Paddington railway station with sun shining through the arches built by Brunel158x158px)Great Western main line>Great Western Main LineWest London (sub-region)>West London, South West England and South Wales including Ealing Broadway station, Reading railway station>Reading, Bristol Temple Meads railway station, Cardiff Central railway station>Cardiff, Exeter St David's railway station, Oxford railway station>Oxford, Plymouth railway station and Worcester Shrub Hill railway station>Worcester. Services operated by Great Western Railway (train operating company) and TfL Rail ({{Rail-interchange>london|elizabeth}}).Heathrow Airport {{Rint|air}}Services operated by Heathrow Express and TfL Rail ({{Rail-interchange|london|elizabeth}}).WEB,weblink Network Map, Great Western Railway (train operating company), Great Western Railway,weblink April 27, 2019, WEB,weblink TfL Rail Map, Transport for London,weblink" title="">weblink August 8, 2018, London Victoria station>London Victoria{{Rail-interchange|gb|rail}} {{Rint|london|circle}} {{Rint|london|district}} {{Rint|london|victoria}}alt=Victoria station concourse. British flags hang from the ceiling.158x158px)Brighton main line>Brighton and Chatham Main LinesKent including Peckham Rye railway station>Peckham Rye, Dartford railway station, Gravesend railway station>Gravesend, Dover Priory railway station and Ashford International railway station>Ashford International. Services operated by Southeastern.South London, Sussex and the South Coast including Clapham Junction, Sutton, Brighton, Eastbourne, Gatwick Airport ({{Rint|air}}), Guildford, Portsmouth, and Southampton. Services operated by'Southern.Gatwick Airport {{Rint|air}}Services operated by Gatwick Express.WEB,weblink Route Map, Southern (train operating company), Southern,weblink April 27, 2019,

London Underground

The City of Westminster is served by 27 London Underground stations and 10 lines.

Electric charging points

By 2009 Westminster City Council had electric vehicle charging points in 15 locations through the city (13 car parks and two on-street points). Users pay an annual fee to cover administration costs to register and use the points.WEB,weblink City of Westminster: Additional on street charging points for electric vehicles, 4 April 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 5 May 2009, yes, dmy-all, By 2018 there were 60 electric vehicle charging locations.WEB,weblink Electric Vehicles, 22 December 2018,

Travel to work

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: underground, metro, light rail, tram, 21.0% of all residents aged 16–74; on foot, 9.3%; bus, minibus or coach, 9.3%; driving a car or van, 6.0%; work mainly at or from home, 5.5%; bicycle, 3.1%; train, 3.0%.WEB, 2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales,weblink Office for National Statistics, 23 November 2013, Percentages are of all residents aged 16–74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey's longest part by distance.{{Further|List of roads in the City of Westminster}}


File:LSE main entrance.jpg|right|thumb|The main entrance to the London School of EconomicsLondon School of EconomicsWestminster Children's Services administers many primary and secondary schools. In addition, there are several state-funded faith schools, primarily Church of England (CE), and Roman Catholic (RC), but Christian non-denominational (ND) schools are also in the borough,weblink" title="">Westminster Education service accessed 17 May 2007 and there are several non-profit-making junior and senior independent schools.

Universities and colleges

Public libraries

(File:CharingCrossLibraryLondon.JPG|thumb|Charing Cross Library)The London Library, an independent lending library, is at 14 St. James Square."Libraries {{webarchive|url= |date=8 May 2009 }}." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009."Visit." The London Library. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.The city operates two reference libraries; Westminster Reference Library and Marylebone Information Service."Westminster Find a Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 25 September 2015. Westminster Reference Library holds several special collections: of which the Sherlock Holmes, Arts and Business collections are the most comprehensive."Westminster Reference Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 25 September 2015. In addition to the collections in Westminster Reference Library the city has two specialist libraries: the Westminster Music Library, the largest music library in the UK";Westminster Music Library {{webarchive|url= |date=14 April 2009 }}." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009. and the Westminster Chinese Library in the Charing Cross Library."Westminster Chinese Library {{Webarchive|url= |date=7 February 2009 }}." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.Free City of Westminster operated public lending libraries in Westminster include:
  • Charing Cross Library"Charing Cross Library {{webarchive|url= |date=31 January 2009 }}." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  • Church Street Library"Church Street Library {{Webarchive|url= |date=5 February 2009 }}." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  • The Maida Vale Library"Maida Vale Library {{Webarchive|url= |date=5 February 2009 }}." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  • Marylebone Library"Marylebone Library {{Webarchive|url= |date=7 February 2009 }}." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  • Mayfair Library"Mayfair Library {{Webarchive|url= |date=5 February 2009 }}." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  • Paddington Library"Paddington Library {{Webarchive|url= |date=29 January 2009 }}." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  • Pimlico Library"Pimlico Library {{Webarchive|url= |date=5 February 2009 }}." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  • Queen's Park Library"Queen's Park Library {{Webarchive|url= |date=31 January 2009 }}." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  • St. John's Wood Library"St. John's Wood Library {{Webarchive|url= |date=15 February 2009 }}." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  • Victoria Library"Victoria Library {{Webarchive|url= |date=17 February 2009 }}." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.

Home ownership

In terms of tenure, the borough ranks highest on one standard criteria in analysing housing supply and demand, the proportion of private rented accommodation relative to other types of housing in England. This is indicative of a high density of development and higher investment demand relative to other districts in England and most of the 15 highest-ranking local authorities are boroughs of Greater London. Tourism also increases the proportion of willing third-party landlords, as the two authorities which are outside London in the list are England's largest south coast holiday resorts.{| class="wikitable" id="toc" style="float: left; margin-left: 1em; width: 50%; font-size: 90%;" cellspacing="5"!colspan="4"|Highest-ranked local authorities by proportion of Social Housing (2011 Census)Office for National Statistics] 2011 Census Key Statistics: Tenure].Local Authority>Privately rented>Socially rented>|Shared ownership|0.8|0.9| 0.3|1.8|2.4| 0.7|1.5|1.6|1.5| 1.5Bournemouth Unitary Authority>| 0.7Brighton and Hove Unitary Authority>| 0.9|1.5| 2.3{{clear}}

Notable people

See also

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  • Gray, Robert, A History of London, Hutchinson & Co, London, 1978, {{ISBN|0-09-133140-4}}



External links

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