Christian Philosophy is a two-millennia tradition of rational thought as applied to the Christian tradition. No survey article can do more than touch on the most major figures and traditions, each of which are covered in articles of their own. Also there has been considerable interaction with Jewish Philosophy and Islamic Philosophy that continues into the modern era, e.g. Modern Islamic Philosophy explores many issues in common with Modern Catholic Philosophy.
The latter two are major figures in Scholastic philosophy which led to:
- Renaissance Philosophy - emerging from Scholasticism
- The Reformation, or Martin Luther and Erasmus notably
- The The Enlightenment, by authors who were part of or reacting to Christian norms
More Modern Christian Philosophy is effectively indistinguishable from secular Philosophy in most methodological respects, although some major figures, e.g. Pope John Paul II, have taken issue with some of these as unethical. See Fides et Ratio for a detailed review of this work.
See also: Ethics (or moral Philosophy), Ethics in the Bible
Some content adapted from the Wikinfo article "Christian_philosophy" under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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