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Chief of Staff of the United States Army

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Chief of Staff of the United States Army
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{{short description|Statutory office held by a four-star general in the United States Army}}{{Use dmy dates|date=August 2018}}{{Distinguish|United States Secretary of the Army}}







factoids
Commanding General of the United States Army>Commanding General of the Army| formation = 15 August 1903Lieutenant general (United States)>LTG Samuel B. M. Young| abbreviation = CSAVice Chief of Staff of the United States Army>Vice Chief of Staff of the Armyweblink|www.army.mil}}}}The Chief of Staff of the Army (CSA) is a statutory office ({{UnitedStatesCode|10|3033}}) held by a four-star general in the United States Army. As the most senior uniformed officer assigned to serve in the Department of the Army, the CSA is the principal military advisor and a deputy to the Secretary of the Army. In a separate capacity, the CSA is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff ({{UnitedStatesCode|10|151}}) and, thereby, a military advisor to the National Security Council, the Secretary of Defense, and the President of the United States. The CSA is typically the highest-ranking officer on active-duty in the U.S. Army unless the Chairman or the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are Army officers.The Chief of Staff of the Army is an administrative position based in the Pentagon. While the CSA does not have operational command authority over Army forces proper (which is within the purview of the Combatant Commanders who report to the Secretary of Defense), the CSA does exercise supervision of army units and organizations as the designee of the Secretary of the Army.The 40th and current Chief of Staff of the Army is General James C. McConville.

Responsibilities

The senior leadership of the Department of the Army consists of two civilians, the Secretary of the Army (Head of the department and subordinate to the Secretary of Defense) and the Under Secretary of the Army, and two military officers, the Chief of Staff of the Army and the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army.The Chief of Staff reports directly to the Secretary of the Army for army matters and assists in the Secretary's external affairs functions, including presenting and enforcing army policies, plans, and projections. The CSA also directs the Inspector General of the Army to perform inspections and investigations as required. In addition, the CSA presides over the Army Staff and represents army capabilities, requirements, policy, plans, and programs in Joint fora.WEB, General George Casey - Chief of Staff Army,weblink 22 September 2007,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070911193424weblink">weblink 11 September 2007, Under delegation of authority made by the Secretary of the Army, the CSA designates army personnel and army resources to the Commanders of the Combatant Commands.Law.cornell.edu, 10 USC 165. Combatant commands: administration and support The CSA performs all other functions enumerated in {{UnitedStatesCode|10|3033}} under the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of the Army, or delegates those duties and responsibilities to other officers in his administration in his name. Like the other service counterparts, the CSA has no operational command authority over army forces, dating back to the passage of the Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1958. The CSA is served by a number of Deputy Chiefs of Staff of the Army, such as G-1, Personnel. The CSA base pay is $21,147.30 per month plus Personal Money Allowance (Monthly Amount) of $333.33, basic allowance for subsistence of $253.38, basic allowance for housing from $50.70 to $1923.30.The Chief of Staff of the Army is nominated by the President and must be confirmed by the Senate.Law.cornell.edu, 10 USC 3033. Chief of Staff By statute, the CSA is appointed as a four-star general.The Chief of Staff of the Army has an official residence, Quarters 1 at Joint Base Myer–Henderson Hall, Virginia.The Chief of Staff holds an annual future study program called Unified Quest."Unified Quest (UQ).""Unified Quest 2012.""Unified Quest 2011 Combined Arms Maneuver and Wide Area Security Tabletop Wargame."

History

Prior to 1903, the senior military officer in the army was the Commanding General, who reported to the Secretary of War. From 1864 to 1865, Major General Henry Halleck (who had previously been Commanding General) served as "Chief of Staff of the Army" under the Commanding General, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, thus serving in a different office and not as the senior officer in the army.The first chief of staff moved his headquarters to Fort Myer in 1908.{{clarify|probably moved into Pentagon from there when the latter was complete, but have no info. This is from the Fort Myer article and is obviously wrong either about the date or the "first". Both articles will need correction|date=October 2011}}

List of Chiefs of Staff of the Army (1903–present)

The rank listed is the rank when serving in the office.{{Officeholder table start| showorder = y| showimage = y| image_title = Portrait| officeholder_title = Chief of Staff of the Army| showtermlenght = y| showparty = n| showdefencebranch = n| showaltofficeholder = y| alt_officeholder_title = Notes}}{{Officeholder table| order = 1bSize = 80px| military_rank = Lieutenant GeneralSamuel Baldwin Marks Young>Samuel B. M. Young| officeholder_sort = Nabersberg, Karl| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1840| died_year = 1924| term_start = 15 August 1903| term_end = 8 January 190419031501|08}}| alt_officeholder = Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 2bSize = 80px| military_rank = Lieutenant General| officeholder = Adna Chaffee| officeholder_sort = Chaffee, Adna| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1842| died_year = 1914| term_start = 19 August 1904| term_end = 14 January 190619041901|14}}| alt_officeholder = Resigned position; retired in February at own request, shortly before reaching mandatory retirement age of 64.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 3bSize = 80px| military_rank = Lieutenant General| officeholder = John C. Bates| officeholder_sort = Bates, John| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1842| died_year = 1919| term_start = 15 January 1906| term_end = 13 April 190619061404|13}}American Civil War>Civil War veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired in April 1906 at own request, shortly before reaching mandatory retirement age of 64.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 4bSize = 80px| military_rank = Major General| officeholder = J. Franklin Bell| officeholder_sort = Bell, James| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1856| died_year = 1919| term_start = 14 April 1906| term_end = 21 April 191019061404|21}}| alt_officeholder = Commanded several divisions and departments after serving as Chief of Staff. Died while commanding Department of the East shortly after the end of World War I.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 5bSize = 80px| military_rank = Major General| officeholder = Leonard Wood| officeholder_sort = Wood, Leonard| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1860| died_year = 1927| term_start = 22 April 1910| term_end = 21 April 191419102204|21}}| alt_officeholder = Commanded divisions and departments, including organizing and training two divisions for combat in World War I. Retired in 1921.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 6bSize = 80px| military_rank = Major GeneralWilliam Wallace Wotherspoon>William W. Wotherspoon| officeholder_sort = Wotherspoon, William| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1850| died_year = 1921| term_start = 22 April 1914| term_end = 16 November 191419142211|16}}| alt_officeholder = Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 7bSize = 80px| military_rank = Major General| officeholder = Hugh L. Scott| officeholder_sort = Wotherspoon, William| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1853| died_year = 1934| term_start = 17 November 1914| term_end = 22 September 191719141709|22}}| alt_officeholder = Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64. Recalled to active duty for World War I; commanded a division during its organization and training before retiring again in 1919.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 8bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = Tasker H. Bliss| officeholder_sort = Bliss, Tasker| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1853| died_year = 1930| term_start = 23 September 1917| term_end = 19 May 191819172305|19}}Supreme War Council and as U.S. representative during post-war Paris Peace Conference, 1919>Paris Peace Conference. Retired again in 1920.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 9bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = Peyton C. March| officeholder_sort = March, Peyton| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1864| died_year = 1953| term_start = 20 May 1918| term_end = 30 June 192119182006|30}}| alt_officeholder = Retired at own request in 1921.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 10bSize = 80px| military_rank = General of the Armies| officeholder = John J. Pershing| officeholder_sort = Pershing, John | officeholder_note = | born_year = 1860| died_year = 1948| term_start = 1 July 1921| term_end = 13 September 192419210109|13}}| alt_officeholder = Last Indian Wars veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired from active military service upon reaching age 64 in 1924.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 11bSize = 80px| military_rank = Major General| officeholder = John L. Hines| officeholder_sort = Hines, John | officeholder_note = | born_year = 1868| died_year = 1968| term_start = 14 September 1924| term_end = 20 November 192619241311|20}}| alt_officeholder = Commanded IX Corps Area and Department of the Philippines; retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64 in 1932.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 12bSize = 80px| military_rank = GeneralCharles Pelot Summerall>Charles P. Summerall| officeholder_sort = Summerall, Charles| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1867| died_year = 1955| term_start = 21 November 1926| term_end = 20 November 193019262111|20}}| alt_officeholder = Last Spanish–American War veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Placed on extended leave until reaching mandatory retirement age of 64 in 1931.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 13bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = Douglas MacArthur| officeholder_sort = MacArthur, Douglas| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1880| died_year = 1964| term_start = 21 November 1930| term_end = 1 October 193519302010|01}}Philippine Army. Retired in 1937, and continued to serve in the Philippines as military advisor to the president. Recalled to active duty in 1941; led defense of the Philippines during World War II, and then commanded South West Pacific Area (command)>South West Pacific Area. Served as Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Occupation of Japan, and led initial U.S. and United Nations Command>UNC effort during Korean War. Relieved of command and retired from active military service in 1951.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 14bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = Malin Craig| officeholder_sort = Craig, Malin| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1875| died_year = 1945| term_start = 2 October 1935| term_end = 31 August 193919350208|31}}| alt_officeholder = Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64 in 1939; recalled to active duty for World War II as head of the War Department Personnel Board.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 15bSize = 80pxGeneral of the Army (United States)>General of the Army| officeholder = George C. Marshall| officeholder_sort = Marshall, George| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1880| died_year = 1959| term_start = 1 September 1939| term_end = 18 November 194519390111|18}}| alt_officeholder = Attained mandatory retirement age of 64 in 1944, but continued to serve as Chief of Staff. Relieved from active military duties in November 1945.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 16bSize = 80px| military_rank = General of the Army| officeholder = Dwight D. Eisenhower| officeholder_sort = Eisenhower, Dwight| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1890| died_year = 1969| term_start = 19 November 1945| term_end = 6 February 194819451902|06}}Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe#Supreme Allied Commander Europe .28SACEUR.29>Supreme Allied Commander Europe. Retired in May 1952 upon becoming a candidate for President of the United States. Returned to the active rolls as a General of the Army in 1961, with no assigned duties.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 17bSize = 80px| military_rank = General | officeholder = Omar Bradley| officeholder_sort = Bradley, Omar| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1893| died_year = 1981| term_start = 7 February 1948| term_end = 15 August 194919480708|15}}Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on 19 August 1949. Promoted to General of the Army (United States)>General of the Army on 22 September 1950. Relieved as CJCS on 15 August 1953.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 18bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = J. Lawton Collins| officeholder_sort = Collins, Joseph| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1896| died_year = 1987| term_start = 16 August 1949| term_end = 14 August 195319491608|14}}| alt_officeholder = US Representative to NATO from 1953 to 1954. Special representative of the United States in Vietnam from 1954 to 1955. US representative to NATO from 1955 until reaching mandatory retirement age of 60 in 1956.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 19bSize = 80px| military_rank = GeneralMatthew Ridgway>Matthew B. Ridgway| officeholder_sort = Ridgway, Matthew| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1895| died_year = 1993| term_start = 15 August 1953| term_end = 29 June 195519531406|29}}| alt_officeholder = Last World War I veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired in June 1955, declining age waiver that would have allowed him to complete full term.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 20bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = Maxwell D. Taylor| officeholder_sort = Taylor, Maxwell | officeholder_note = | born_year = 1901| died_year = 1987| term_start = 30 June 1955| term_end = 30 June 195919553006|30}}| alt_officeholder = Retired in 1959. Recalled to active duty in 1961 to serve as Military Representative to the President. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1962 to 1964. Retired in 1964 to become United States Ambassador to South Vietnam.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 21bSize = 80px| military_rank = GeneralLyman Lemnitzer>Lyman L. Lemnitzer| officeholder_sort = Lemnitzer, Lyman | officeholder_note = | born_year = 1899| died_year = 1988| term_start = 1 July 1959| term_end = 30 September 196019590109|30}}| alt_officeholder = Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1960 to 1962. Supreme Allied Commander of NATO, 1963 to 1969. Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 60 in 1969.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 22bSize = 80px| military_rank = GeneralGeorge Decker>George H. Decker| officeholder_sort = Decker, George| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1902| died_year = 1980| term_start = 1 October 1960| term_end = 30 September 196219600109|30}}| alt_officeholder = Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 60 in 1962.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 23bSize = 80px| military_rank = GeneralEarle Wheeler>Earle G. Wheeler| officeholder_sort = Decker, George| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1908| died_year = 1975| term_start = 1 October 1962| term_end = 2 July 196419620107|02}}| alt_officeholder = Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1964 to 1970, including waiver to serve beyond mandatory retirement age of 60. Retired in 1970. }}{{Officeholder table| order = 24bSize = 80px| military_rank = GeneralHarold Keith Johnson>Harold K. Johnson| officeholder_sort = Johnson, Harold| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1912| died_year = 1983| term_start = 3 July 1964| term_end = 2 July 196819640307|02}}| alt_officeholder = Retired at end of term.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 25bSize = 80px| military_rank = GeneralWilliam Westmoreland>William C. Westmoreland| officeholder_sort = Westmoreland, William| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1914| died_year = 2005| term_start = 3 July 1968| term_end = 30 June 197219680306|30}}| alt_officeholder = Retired at end of term.}}{{Officeholder table| order = –bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = Bruce Palmer Jr.| officeholder_sort = Westmoreland, William| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1913| died_year = 2000| term_start = 1 July 1972| term_end = 11 October 197219720110|11}}| acting = yCreighton Abrams>Creighton W. Abrams as Chief of Staff. Commander, United States Readiness Command, 1973 to 1974. Retired in 1974.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 26bSize = 80px| military_rank = GeneralCreighton Abrams>Creighton W. Abrams| officeholder_sort = Abrams, Creighton| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1914| died_year = 1974| died = y| term_start = 12 October 1972| term_end = 4 September 197419721109|04}}| alt_officeholder = Died in office.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 27bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = Frederick C. Weyand| officeholder_sort = Weyand, Frederick| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1916| died_year = 2010| term_start = 3 October 1974| term_end = 30 September 197619740309|30}}| alt_officeholder = Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 60.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 28bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = Bernard W. Rogers| officeholder_sort = Rogers, Bernard| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1921| died_year = 2008| term_start = 1 October 1976| term_end = 21 June 197919760106|21}}| alt_officeholder = Last World War II veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Supreme Allied Commander Europe, 1979 to 1987, including waiver to continue service past age 60. Retired in 1987.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 29bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = Edward C. Meyer| officeholder_sort = Meyer, Edward| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1928| died_year = | term_start = 22 June 1979| term_end = 21 June 198319792206|21}}| alt_officeholder = Last Korean War veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired at end of term.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 30bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = John A. Wickham Jr.| officeholder_sort = Wickham, John| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1928| died_year = | term_start = 23 July 1983| term_end = 23 June 198719832306|23}}| alt_officeholder = Retired at end of term.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 31bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = Carl E. Vuono| officeholder_sort = Vuono, Carl| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1934| died_year = | term_start = 23 June 1987| term_end = 21 June 199119872306|21}}| alt_officeholder = Retired at end of term.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 32bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = Gordon R. Sullivan| officeholder_sort = Sullivan, Gordon| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1937| died_year = | term_start = 21 June 1991| term_end = 20 June 199519912106|20}}| alt_officeholder = Retired at end of term.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 33bSize = 80px| military_rank = GeneralDennis Reimer>Dennis J. Reimer| officeholder_sort = Reimer, Dennis| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1939| died_year = | term_start = 20 June 1995| term_end = 21 June 199919952006|21}}| alt_officeholder = Retired at end of term.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 34bSize = 80px| military_rank = GeneralEric Shinseki>Eric K. Shinseki| officeholder_sort = Shinseki, Eric| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1942| died_year = | term_start = 21 June 1999| term_end = 11 June 200319992106|11}}| alt_officeholder = Last Vietnam War veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired at end of term.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 35bSize = 80px| military_rank = GeneralPeter Schoomaker>Peter J. Schoomaker| officeholder_sort = Schoomaker, Peter| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1946| died_year = | term_start = 1 August 2003| term_end = 10 April 200720030104|10}}| alt_officeholder = Retired in 2000. Recalled to active duty to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired again at end of term.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 36bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = George W. Casey Jr.| officeholder_sort = Casey, George| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1948| died_year = | term_start = 10 April 2007| term_end = 10 April 201120071004|10}}| alt_officeholder = Retired at end of term.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 37bSize = 80px| military_rank = GeneralMartin Dempsey>Martin E. Dempsey| officeholder_sort = Dempsey, Martin| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1952| died_year = | term_start = 11 April 2011| term_end = 7 September 201120111109|07}}| alt_officeholder = Term shortened due to appointment as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.Historical Resources Branch, United States Army Center of Military History}}{{Officeholder table| order = 38bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = Raymond T. Odierno| officeholder_sort = Odierno, Raymond| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1954| died_year = | term_start = 7 September 2011| term_end = 14 August 201520110708|14}}| alt_officeholder = Retired at end of term.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 39bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = Mark A. Milley| officeholder_sort = Milley, Mark| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1958| died_year = | term_start = 14 August 2015| term_end = 9 August 201920151408|09}}| alt_officeholder = Appointed as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.}}{{Officeholder table| order = 40bSize = 80px| military_rank = General| officeholder = James C. McConville| officeholder_sort = McConville, James| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1959| died_year = | term_start = 9 August 2019201909}}| alt_officeholder = –}}{{Officeholder table end}}

See also

References

{{Reflist}}
  • BOOK,weblink Appendix B: Chronological List of Senior Officers of the United States Army, Bell, William Gardner, Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff 1775-2005: Portraits & Biographical Sketches of the United States Army's Senior Officer, United States Army Center of Military History, 2005, 0-16-072376-0,weblink 1983, CMH Pub 70-14,

Further reading

External links

  • {{Internet Archive short film|id=gov.archives.arc.2569728|name=Big Picture: Top Soldier}}
{{US Army Chiefs of Staff}}{{US Army navbox}}{{Current US Department of Defense Secretaries}}{{US military navbox}}{{Current JCS members}}{{Chief of the army by country}}

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