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Chief of Naval Operations

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Chief of Naval Operations
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{{short description|Statutory office held by a four-star admiral in the United States Navy}}{{Use American English|date=February 2018}}







factoids
| formation = 11 May 1915| first = ADM William S. Benson| abbreviation = CNO| deputy = Vice Chief of Naval Operationswww.navy.mil/cno}}}}The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the head of the United States Navy. The position is a statutory office ({{UnitedStatesCode|10|5033}}) held by a four-star admiral who is a military adviser and deputy to the Secretary of the Navy. In a separate capacity as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff ({{UnitedStatesCode|10|151}}) the CNO is a military adviser to the National Security Council, the Homeland Security Council, the Secretary of Defense, and the President. The current Chief of Naval Operations is Admiral Michael M. Gilday. Despite the title, the CNO does not have operational command authority over Naval forces. The CNO is an administrative position based in the Pentagon, and exercises supervision of Navy organizations as the designee of the Secretary of the Navy. Operational command of naval forces falls within the purview of the Combatant Commanders who report to the Secretary of Defense.

Responsibilities

The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is typically the highest-ranking officer on active duty in the U.S. Navy unless the Chairman and/or the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are naval officers.As per {{UnitedStatesCode|10|5035}}, whenever there is a vacancy for the Chief of Naval Operations or during the absence or disability of the Chief of Naval Operations, and unless the President directs otherwise, the Vice Chief of Naval Operations performs the duties of the Chief of Naval Operations until a successor is appointed or the absence or disability ceases.WEB, 10 USC 5035. Vice Chief of Naval Operations,weblink August 25, 2018, Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School,

Department of the Navy

The CNO also performs all other functions prescribed under {{UnitedStatesCode|10|5033}}, such as presiding over the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (OPNAV), exercising supervision of Navy organizations, and other duties assigned by the Secretary or higher lawful authority, or the CNO delegates those duties and responsibilities to other officers in OPNAV or in organizations below.WEB, United States Navy, Chief of Naval Operations,weblink 31 January 2018, Acting for the Secretary of the Navy, the CNO also designates naval personnel and naval forces available to the commanders of Unified Combatant Commands, subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense.10 USC 5013(f). Secretary of the Navy10 USC 165. Combatant commands: administration and support

Joint Chiefs of Staff

The CNO is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff as prescribed by {{UnitedStatesCode|10|151}} and {{UnitedStatesCode|10|5033}}. Like the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the CNO is an administrative position, with no operational command authority over the United States Navy forces.Members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, individually or collectively, in their capacity as military advisers, shall provide advice to the President, the National Security Council (NSC), or the Secretary of Defense (SECDEF) on a particular matter when the President, the NSC, or SECDEF requests such advice. Members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (other than the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff) may submit to the Chairman advice or an opinion in disagreement with, or advice or an opinion in addition to, the advice presented by the Chairman to the President, NSC, or SECDEF.When performing his JCS duties, the CNO is responsible directly to the SECDEF, but keeps SECNAV fully informed of significant military operations affecting the duties and responsibilities of the SECNAV, unless SECDEF orders otherwise.WEB, 10 USC 5033. Chief of Naval Operations,weblink August 25, 2018, Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School,

Appointment

The Chief of Naval Operations is nominated by the President for appointment and must be confirmed by the Senate.WEB, 10 USC 5033. Chief of Naval Operations,weblink 24 September 2007, A requirement for being Chief of Naval Operations is having significant experience in joint duty assignments, which includes at least one full tour of duty in a joint duty assignment as a flag officer. However, the president may waive those requirements if he determines that appointing the officer is necessary for the national interest. By statute, the CNO is appointed as a four-star admiral.

Official Residence

Number One Observatory Circle, located on the northeast grounds of the United States Naval Observatory in Washington, DC, was built in 1893 for its superintendent. The Chief of Naval Operations liked the house so much that in 1923 he took over the house as his own official residence. It remained the residence of the CNO until 1974, when Congress authorized its transformation to an official residence for the Vice President.WEB,weblink The Vice President's Residence, The White House, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20091021225638weblink">weblink 21 October 2009, dmy-all, 31 January 2018, The Chief of Naval Operations currently resides in Quarters A in the Washington Naval Yard.

Office of the Chief of Naval Operations

File:US_Navy_Office_of_Chief_Naval_Operations_Org_Chart.png|thumb|right|Organizational chartOrganizational chartThe Chief of Naval Operations presides over the Navy Staff, formally known as the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (OPNAV).navy.mil {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110722215630weblink |date=22 July 2011 }} Chief of Naval Operations − Responsibilities. Retrieved 3 July 2010.WEB, 10 U.S. Code § 5033 - Chief of Naval Operations: general duties,weblink August 25, 2018, Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School, The Office of the Chief of Naval Operations is a statutory organization within the executive part of the Department of the Navy, and its purpose is to furnish professional assistance to the Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV) and the CNO in carrying out their responsibilities.WEB, 10 U.S. Code § 5031 - Office of the Chief of Naval Operations: function; composition,weblink August 25, 2018, Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School, WEB, 10 U.S. Code § 5032 - Office of the Chief of Naval Operations: general duties,weblink August 25, 2018, Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School, The OPNAV organization consists of: Policy documents emanating from the CNO are issued in the form of OPNAV Instructions.OPNAV is one of the three headquarters staffs in Department of the Navy mainly based at The Pentagon, with the others being the Office of the Secretary of the Navy and Headquarters, Marine Corps.

List of Chiefs of Naval Operations (1915–present)

The position of CNO replaced the position of Aide for Naval Operations, which was a position established by regulation rather than statutory law.JOURNAL, Navy - Chief of Naval Operations, International Military Digest, June 1915, 1, 1, 68,weblink 21 May 2015, († - died in office)File:US Navy 061205-N-0696M-018 Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) Adm. Mike Mullen meets with former Navy Chief's at a CNO Conference at the Pentagon.jpg|thumb|275px|Mullen (CNO in December 2006) with some of his predecessors: Clark, Watkins, Hayward and Johnson ]]{{Officeholder table start| showorder = y| showimage = y| image_title = Portrait| officeholder_title = Chief of Naval Operations| showtermlenght = y| showparty = n| showdefencebranch = n}}{{Officeholder table| order = 1| image = William_S._Benson.jpg| military_rank = Admiral| officeholder = William S. Benson| officeholder_sort = Benson, William| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1855| died_year = 1932| term_start = 11 May 1915| term_end = 25 September 191919151109|25}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 2| image = Robert E. Coontz.jpg| military_rank = AdmiralRobert Coontz>Robert E. Coontz | officeholder_sort = Coontz, Robert| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1864| died_year = 1935| term_start = 1 November 1919| term_end = 21 July 192319190107|21}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 3| image = Edward Walter Eberle.jpg| military_rank = AdmiralEdward Walter Eberle>Edward W. Eberle | officeholder_sort = Eberle, Edward| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1864| died_year = 1929| term_start = 21 July 1923| term_end = 14 November 192719232111|14}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 4| image = Charles Frederick Hughes.jpg| military_rank = AdmiralCharles Frederick Hughes>Charles F. Hughes | officeholder_sort = Hughes, Charles| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1866| died_year = 1934| term_start = 14 November 1927| term_end = 17 September 193019271411|17}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 5| image = William Veazie Pratt.jpg| military_rank = Admiral| officeholder = William V. Pratt| officeholder_sort = Pratt, William| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1869| died_year = 1957| term_start = 17 September 1930 | term_end = 30 June 193319301706|30}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 6| image = William Standley 80-G-K-2786 (26144162862).jpg| military_rank = AdmiralWilliam Harrison Standley>William H. Standley | officeholder_sort = Standley, William| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1872| died_year = 1963| term_start = 1 July 1933| term_end = 1 January 193719330101|01}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 7| image = William Leahy cropped.jpg| military_rank = Fleet Admiral| officeholder = William D. Leahy | officeholder_sort = Leahy, William| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1875| died_year = 1959| term_start = 2 January 1937| term_end = 1 August 193919370208|01}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 8| image = Harold Rainsford Stark.jpg| military_rank = AdmiralHarold Rainsford Stark>Harold R. Stark | officeholder_sort = Stark, Harold | officeholder_note = | born_year = 1880| died_year = 1972| term_start = 1 August 1939 | term_end = 2 March 194219390103|02}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 9| image = FADM Ernest J. King.jpg| military_rank = Fleet AdmiralErnest King>Ernest J. King | officeholder_sort = King, Ernest| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1878| died_year = 1956| term_start = 2 March 1942 | term_end = 15 December 194519420212|15}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 10| image = Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz portrait.jpg| military_rank = Fleet Admiral| officeholder = Chester W. Nimitz | officeholder_sort = Nimitz, Chester| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1885| died_year = 1966| term_start = 15 December 1945| term_end = 15 December 194719451512|15}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 11| image = Louis E. Denfeld.jpg| military_rank = Admiral| officeholder = Louis E. Denfeld | officeholder_sort = Denfeld, Louis| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1891| died_year = 1972| term_start = 15 December 1947 | term_end = 2 November 194919471511|02}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 12| image = Forrest P SHerman.jpg| military_rank = AdmiralForrest Sherman>Forrest P. Sherman | officeholder_sort = Sherman, Forrest| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1896| died_year = 1951| died = y| term_start = 2 November 1949 | term_end = 22 July 195119490207|22}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 13| image = William Fechteler.jpg| military_rank = AdmiralWilliam Fechteler>William M. Fechteler | officeholder_sort = Fechteler, William| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1896| died_year = 1967| term_start = 16 August 1951| term_end = 17 August 195319511608|17}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 14| image = Robert Bostwick Carney.jpg| military_rank = AdmiralRobert Carney>Robert B. Carney | officeholder_sort = Carney, Robert| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1895| died_year = 1990| term_start = 17 August 1953| term_end = 17 August 195519531708|17}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 15| image = ADM Burke, Arleigh (CNO).jpg| military_rank = AdmiralArleigh Burke>Arleigh A. Burke | officeholder_sort = Burke, Arleigh| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1901| died_year = 1996| term_start = 17 August 1955 | term_end = 1 August 196119551708|01}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 16| image = Georgewandersonjr(big).gif| military_rank = AdmiralGeorge Whelan Anderson Jr.>George W. Anderson Jr. | officeholder_sort = Anderson, George | officeholder_note = | born_year = 1906| died_year = 1992| term_start = 1 August 1961| term_end = 1 August 196319610108|01}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 17| image = ADM McDonald, David Lamar.jpg| military_rank = Admiral| officeholder = David L. McDonald | officeholder_sort = McDonald, David| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1906| died_year = 1997| term_start = 1 August 1963 | term_end = 1 August 196719630108|01}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 18| image = ADM Thomas Moorer.JPG| military_rank = AdmiralThomas Hinman Moorer>Thomas H. Moorer| officeholder_sort = Moorer, Thomas| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1912| died_year = 2004| term_start = 1 August 1967| term_end = 1 July 197019670107|01}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 19| image = Elmo Zumwalt.jpg| military_rank = AdmiralElmo Zumwalt>Elmo R. Zumwalt | officeholder_sort = Zumwalt, Elmo| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1920| died_year = 2000| term_start = 1 July 1970| term_end = 29 June 197419700106|29}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 20| image = James Holloway III.jpg| military_rank = Admiral| officeholder = James L. Holloway III | officeholder_sort = Holloway, James| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1922| died_year = | term_start = 29 June 1974| term_end = 1 July 197819742907|01}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 21| image = ADM Hayward, Thomas B CNO Official Portrait.jpg| military_rank = Admiral| officeholder = Thomas B. Hayward | officeholder_sort = Hayward, Thomas| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1924| died_year = | term_start = 1 July 1978| term_end = 30 June 198219780106|30}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 22| image = Admiral James Watkins, official military photo.JPEG| military_rank = Admiral| officeholder = James D. Watkins | officeholder_sort = Watkins, James| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1927| died_year = 2012| term_start = 30 June 1982| term_end = 30 June 198619823006|30}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 23| image = Admiral Carlisle Trost, official military photo.JPEG| military_rank = AdmiralCarlisle Trost>Carlisle A.H. Trost | officeholder_sort = Trost, Carlisle| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1930| died_year = | term_start = 1 July 1986| term_end = 29 June 199019860106|29}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 24| image = Admiral Frank Kelso, official military photo.JPEG| military_rank = AdmiralFrank Kelso>Frank B. Kelso II | officeholder_sort = Kelso, Frank| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1933| died_year = 2013| term_start = 29 June 1990| term_end = 23 April 199419902904|23}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 25| image = Jeremy M. Boorda.jpg| military_rank = AdmiralJeremy Michael Boorda>Jeremy M. Boorda | officeholder_sort = Boorda, Jeremy| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1939| died_year = 1996| died = y| term_start = 23 April 1994| term_end = 16 May 199619942305|16}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 26| image = Admiral Jay Johnson, official military photo.JPEG| military_rank = Admiral| officeholder = Jay L. Johnson | officeholder_sort = Johnson, Jay| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1946| died_year = | term_start = 16 May 1996| term_end = 21 July 200019961607|21}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 27| image = VernClark.jpg| military_rank = Admiral| officeholder = Vern Clark| officeholder_sort = Clark, Vern| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1944| died_year = | term_start = 21 July 2000| term_end = 22 July 200520002107|22}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 28| image = Admiral Michael Mullen, official Navy photograph.jpg| military_rank = Admiral| officeholder = Michael Mullen | officeholder_sort = Mullen, Michael| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1946| died_year = | term_start = 22 July 2005| term_end = 29 September 200720052211|29}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 29| image = US Navy 071108-N-0000X-001 Navy file photo of Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) Adm. Gary Roughead.jpg| military_rank = Admiral| officeholder = Gary Roughead | officeholder_sort = Roughead, Gary| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1951| died_year = | term_start = 29 September 2007| term_end = 23 September 201120072909|23}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 30| image = Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert (CNO).jpg| military_rank = AdmiralJonathan Greenert>Jonathan W. Greenert | officeholder_sort = Greenert, Jonathan | officeholder_note = | born_year = 1953| died_year = | term_start = 23 September 2011| term_end = 18 September 201520112309|18}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 31| image = Admiral John M. Richardson (CNO) 150917-N-AT895-703 (26207156950).jpg| military_rank = AdmiralJohn M. Richardson (admiral)>John M. Richardson | officeholder_sort = Richardson, John| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1960| died_year = | term_start = 18 September 2015| term_end = 22 August 201920151808|22}}}}{{Officeholder table| order = 32| image = Gilday_CNO.jpg| military_rank = Admiral| officeholder = Michael M. Gilday | officeholder_sort = Gilday, Michael| officeholder_note = | born_year = 1962| died_year = | term_start = 22 August 2019201922}}}}{{Officeholder table end}}

See also

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

{{Commons category|Chiefs of Naval Operations}}
  • {{Official websiteweblink}} – Chief Naval Operations
  • weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20061121212815weblink">Office of the Chief of Naval Operations organization
  • WEB,weblink Chief of Naval Operations, Lists of Commanding Officers and Senior Officials of the US Navy, Naval Historical Center, 6 November 2007, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20071218005946weblink">weblink 18 December 2007, dmy,
{{US Navy navbox}}{{US military navbox}}{{Current JCS members}}{{Current US Department of Defense Secretaries}}{{Chief of the navy by country}}{{Use dmy dates|date=April 2012}}

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