Charles Taylor (philosopher)

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Charles Taylor (philosopher)
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{{confused|Charles P. B. Taylor}}

|birth_name = Charles Margrave Taylor193105}}|birth_place = Montreal, Quebec, Canada McGill University | Balliol College, Oxford}}Alba Romer Taylor1990Palmapp=10, 13}}FACT SHEET â€“ CHARLES TAYLOR >URL=HTTP://TEMPLETONPRIZE.ORG/CT_FACTSHEET.HTML LOCATION=WEST CONSHOHOCKEN, PENNSYLVANIA ACCESS-DATE=30 OCTOBER 2018, Sources of the Self (1989) | A Secular Age (2007)}} }}Political philosophycosmopolitanism>secularityreligion>modernity}}All Souls College, OxfordMcGill University>Northwestern University}}Isaiah Berlin>Sir Isaiah Berlin
  • Ruth Abbey{{sfn|A. E. H. Campbell|2017|p=14}}WEB, Abbey, Ruth, Ruth Abbey, 2016, Curriculum Vitae,weblink Notre Dame, Indiana, University of Notre Dame, 4 May 2019,
  • Frederick C. Beiser{{sfn|Beiser|2005|p=xii}}
  • Michael E. RosenWEB, Michael Rosen,weblink Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University, 4 May 2019,
  • Michael J. SandelMAGAZINE, May 10, 2013, Michael Sandel and AC Grayling in Conversation,weblink Prospect, London, 4 May 2019,
}} }} #Communitarian critique of liberalism > critique of Metaphysical naturalism and formalist epistemology > engaged hermeneutics{{sfn2009}}}} }}
  • Kwame Anthony Appiah
  • Daniel A. BellMAGAZINE, Nathan, Andrew J., Andrew J. Nathan, 2015, Beijing Bull: The Bogus China Model,weblink The National Interest, 140, Washington, Center for the National Interest, 73–81, 0884-9382, November 18, 2019,
  • Robert N. BellahMAGAZINE, Bellah, Robert N., Robert N. Bellah, 2002, New-Time Religion,weblink The Christian Century, Chicago, 20–26, November 18, 2019, BOOK, Bellah, Robert N., Robert N. Bellah, 2011, Religion in Human Evolution: From the Paleolithic to the Axial Age, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Belknap Press, Cited in WEB, Converse, William, April 17, 2013, Review of Religion in Human Evolution: From the Paleolithic to the Axial Age, by Robert N. Bellah,weblink Anglican Church of Canada, November 18, 2019,
  • Craig Calhoun{{sfn|Calhoun|2012|pp=66, 69}}
  • Joseph Augustine Di NoiaWEB, Di Noia, Joseph Augustine, Joseph Augustine Di Noia, June 12, 2010, New Vocations in the Province of St. Joseph: Ecclesial, Historical & Cultural Perspectives,weblink New York, Dominican Friars Province of St. Joseph, November 18, 2019,
  • Mark Stuart EdwardsNEWS, Hansen, Luke, October 26, 2018, Australian Bishop: Respect for Women Is a Top Concern at Synod,weblink limited, America, New York, November 18, 2019,
  • Axel Honneth{{sfn|C. G. Campbell|2014|p=58}}
  • Hans JoasWEB, Steinmetz-Jenkins, Daniel, November 6, 2014, Review of Faith as an Option, by Hans Joas,weblink The Immanent Frame, New York, Social Science Research Council, November 18, 2019,
  • Nikolas Kompridis
  • Guy Laforest{{sfn|Laforest|2009|p=251}}
  • Jack LaytonNEWS, Geddes, John, September 2, 2011, The Real Jack Layton,weblink Maclean's, Toronto, Rogers Media, August 9, 2019,
  • Charles Lindholm{{sfn|Lindholm|2007|p=24}}
  • Bhikhu ParekhWEB, Kolodziejczyk, Dorota, 2001, Review of Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory, by Bhikhu Parekh,weblink Culture Machine, November 18, 2019,
  • Mary Poovey{{sfn|Mukhopadhyay|2005|p=45}}
  • Michael J. Sandel
  • Christian SmithWEB, Christian Smith,weblink Science of Generosity, Notre Dame, Indiana, University of Notre Dame, May 29, 2019,
  • James K. A. SmithWEB, Marty, Martin E., Martin E. Marty, November 12, 2018, James K.A. Smith's 'Cultural Liturgies',weblink Sightings, Chicago, University of Chicago, May 6, 2019,
  • Alain Touraine{{sfn|Adam|1997|p=146}}
  • James Tully
  • Michael Walzer
  • Ken Wilber
}}Templeton Prize (2007)Kyoto Prize (2008)>Kluge Prize (2015)|Berggruen Prize (2016)}}}}{{Communitarianism sidebar|expanded=Important thinkers}}{{Catholic philosophy}}Charles Margrave Taylor {{post-nominals|country=CAN|CC|GOQ|FRSC|FBA}} (born 1931) is a Canadian philosopher from Montreal, Quebec, and professor emeritus at McGill University best known for his contributions to political philosophy, the philosophy of social science, the history of philosophy, and intellectual history. His work has earned him the Kyoto Prize, the Templeton Prize, the Berggruen Prize for Philosophy, and the John W. Kluge Prize.In 2007, Taylor served with Gérard Bouchard on the Bouchard–Taylor Commission on reasonable accommodation with regard to cultural differences in the province of Quebec. He has also made contributions to moral philosophy, epistemology, hermeneutics, aesthetics, the philosophy of mind, the philosophy of language, and the philosophy of action.{{sfn|Abbey|2000}}WEB, Charles Taylor,weblink Montreal, McGill University, October 27, 2018,


Charles Margrave Taylor was born in Montreal, Quebec, on November 5, 1931, to a francophone mother and an anglophone father by whom he was raised bilingually.{{sfnm |1a1=Abbey |1y=2016 |1p=958 |2a1=Abbey |2y=2017 |3a1=N. H. Smith |3y=2002 |3p=7}} His sister is Gretta Chambersweblink He attended Selwyn House School from 1941 to 1946WEB, March 15, 2007, Charles Taylor '46 Receives World's Largest Cash Award,weblink Westmount, Quebec, Selwyn House School, October 11, 2015, and began his undergraduate education at McGill University where he received a Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree in history in 1952.{{sfn|Abbey|2016|p=958}} He continued his studies at the University of Oxford, first as a Rhodes Scholar at Balliol College, receiving a BA degree with first-class honours in philosophy, politics and economics in 1955, and then as a postgraduate student, receiving a Doctor of Philosophy degree in 1961{{sfn|Mason|1996}} under the supervision of Sir Isaiah Berlin.{{sfn|Ancelovici|Dupuis-Déri|2001|p=260}} As an undergraduate student, he started one of the first campaigns to ban thermonuclear weapons in the United Kingdom in 1956,{{sfn|N. H. Smith|2002|p=7}} serving as the first president of the Oxford Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.{{sfn|Palma|2014|p=11}}He succeeded John Plamenatz as Chichele Professor of Social and Political Theory at the University of Oxford and became a Fellow of All Souls College.{{sfnm |1a1=Abbey |1y=2016 |1p=958 |2a1=Miller |2y=2014 |2p=165}}For many years, both before and after Oxford, he was Professor of Political Science and Philosophy at McGill University in Montreal, where he is now professor emeritus.{{sfn|Mason|1996}}{{failed verification|date=October 2018}} Taylor was also a Board of Trustees Professor of Law and Philosophy at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, for several years after his retirement from McGill.Taylor was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1986.{{sfn|American Academy of Arts and Sciences|p=536}} In 1991, Taylor was appointed to the Conseil de la langue française in the province of Quebec, at which point he critiqued Quebec's commercial sign laws. In 1995, he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada. In 2000, he was made a Grand Officer of the National Order of Quebec. In 2003, he was awarded the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council's Gold Medal for Achievement in Research, which had been the council's highest honour.WEB, Prizes,weblink Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council,weblink" title="">weblink August 11, 2011, October 27, 2018, WEB, Prizes: Previous Winners,weblink Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council,weblink" title="">weblink August 11, 2011, October 27, 2018, He was awarded the 2007 Templeton Prize for progress towards research or discoveries about spiritual realities, which included a cash award of US$1.5 million.In 2007 he and Gérard Bouchard were appointed to head a one-year commission of inquiry into what would constitute reasonable accommodation for minority cultures in his home province of Quebec.WEB, Home,weblink Montreal, Consultation Commission on Accommodation Practices Related to Cultural Differences,weblink" title="">weblink July 1, 2008, October 27, 2018, In June 2008, he was awarded the Kyoto Prize in the arts and philosophy category. The Kyoto Prize is sometimes referred to as the Japanese Nobel.PRESS RELEASE, Dr. Charles Taylor to Receive Inamori Foundation's 24th Annual Kyoto Prize for Lifetime Achievement in 'Arts and Philosophy',weblink Kyoto, Japan, Inamori Foundation, June 20, 2008, February 15, 2016,weblink" title="">weblink April 21, 2009, In 2015, he was awarded the John W. Kluge Prize for Achievement in the Study of Humanity, a prize he shared with philosopher Jürgen Habermas.PRESS RELEASE, August 11, 2015, Philosophers Habermas and Taylor to Share $1.5 Million Kluge Prize,weblink Washington, Library of Congress, 0731-3527, February 15, 2016, In 2016, he was awarded the inaugural $1-million Berggruen Prize for being "a thinker whose ideas are of broad significance for shaping human self-understanding and the advancement of humanity."NEWS,weblink Canadian Philosopher Wins $1 Million Prize, Schuessler, Jennifer, October 4, 2016, The New York Times, 0362-4331, October 4, 2016,


In order to understand Taylor's views, it is helpful to understand his philosophical background, especially his writings on Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Martin Heidegger, and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. Taylor rejects naturalism and formalist epistemology. He is part of an influential intellectual tradition of Canadian idealism that includes John Watson, Paxton Young, C. B. Macpherson, and George Grant.{{sfn|Meynell|2011}}{{dubious|date=October 2018}}In his essay "To Follow a Rule", Taylor explores why people can fail to follow rules, and what kind of knowledge it is that allows a person to successfully follow a rule, such as the arrow on a sign. The intellectualist tradition presupposes that to follow directions, we must know a set of propositions and premises about how to follow directions.{{sfn|Taylor|1995}}Taylor argues that Wittgenstein's solution is that all interpretation of rules draws upon a tacit background. This background is not more rules or premises, but what Wittgenstein calls "forms of life". More specifically, Wittgenstein says in the Philosophical Investigations that "Obeying a rule is a practice." Taylor situates the interpretation of rules within the practices that are incorporated into our bodies in the form of habits, dispositions, and tendencies.{{sfn|Taylor|1995}}Following Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Michael Polanyi, and Wittgenstein, Taylor argues that it is mistaken to presuppose that our understanding of the world is primarily mediated by representations. It is only against an unarticulated background that representations can make sense to us. On occasion we do follow rules by explicitly representing them to ourselves, but Taylor reminds us that rules do not contain the principles of their own application: application requires that we draw on an unarticulated understanding or "sense of things"—the background.{{sfn|Taylor|1995}}

Taylor's critique of naturalism

{{BLP primary sources|section|date=October 2018}}Taylor defines naturalism as a family of various, often quite diverse theories that all hold "the ambition to model the study of man on the natural sciences."{{sfn|Taylor|1985a|p=1}} Philosophically, naturalism was largely popularized and defended by the unity of science movement that was advanced by logical positivist philosophy. In many ways, Taylor's early philosophy springs from a critical reaction against the logical positivism and naturalism that was ascendant in Oxford while he was a student.Initially, much of Taylor's philosophical work consisted of careful conceptual critiques of various naturalist research programs. This began with his 1964 dissertation The Explanation of Behaviour, which was a detailed and systematic criticism of the behaviourist psychology of B. F. Skinner{{sfn|Taylor|1964}} that was highly influential at mid-century.From there, Taylor also spread his critique to other disciplines. The essay "Interpretation and the Sciences of Man" was published in 1972 as a critique of the political science of the behavioural revolution advanced by giants of the field like David Easton, Robert Dahl, Gabriel Almond, and Sydney Verba.{{sfn|Taylor|1985b}} In an essay entitled "The Significance of Significance: The Case for Cognitive Psychology", Taylor criticized the naturalism he saw distorting the major research program that had replaced B. F. Skinner's behaviourism.{{sfn|Taylor|1983}}But Taylor also detected naturalism in fields where it was not immediately apparent. For example, in 1978's "Language and Human Nature", he found naturalist distortions in various modern "designative" theories of language,{{sfn|Taylor|1985c}} while in Sources of the Self (1989) he found both naturalist error and the deep moral, motivational sources for this outlook in various individualist and utilitarian conceptions of selfhood.

Taylor and hermeneutics

(File:Charles Taylor.jpg|thumb|upright|Taylor in 2012)Concurrent to Taylor's critique of naturalism was his development of an alternative. Indeed, Taylor's mature philosophy begins when as a doctoral student at Oxford he turned away, disappointed, from analytic philosophy in search of other philosophical resources which he found in French and German modern hermeneutics and phenomenology."Interview with Charles Taylor: The Malaise of Modernity" by David Cayley:weblink hermeneutic tradition develops a view of human understanding and cognition as centred on the decipherment of meanings (as opposed to, say, foundational theories of brute verification or an apodictic rationalism). Taylor's own philosophical outlook can broadly and fairly be characterized as hermeneutic and has been called engaged hermeneutics.{{sfn|Van Aarde|2009}} This is clear in his championing of the works of major figures within the hermeneutic tradition such as Wilhelm Dilthey, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, and Gadamer.{{sfn|Taylor|1985d}} It is also evident in his own original contributions to hermeneutic and interpretive theory.{{sfn|Taylor|1985d}}

Communitarian critique of liberalism

Taylor (as well as Alasdair MacIntyre, Michael Walzer, and Michael Sandel) is associated with a communitarian critique of liberal theory's understanding of the "self". Communitarians emphasize the importance of social institutions in the development of individual meaning and identity.In his 1991 Massey Lecture The Malaise of Modernity, Taylor argued that political theorists—from John Locke and Thomas Hobbes to John Rawls and Ronald Dworkin—have neglected the way in which individuals arise within the context supplied by societies. A more realistic understanding of the "self" recognizes the social background against which life choices gain importance and meaning.

Philosophy and sociology of religion

{{further|A Secular Age}}Taylor's later work has turned to the philosophy of religion, as evident in several pieces, including the lecture "A Catholic Modernity" and the short monograph "Varieties of Religion Today: William James Revisited".A Catholic Modernity?: Charles Taylor's Marianist Award Lecture, ed. James Heft (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999); Varieties of Religion Today (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002).Taylor's most significant contribution in this field to date is his book A Secular Age which argues against the secularization thesis of Max Weber, Steve Bruce, and others.{{sfn|Taylor|2007}} In rough form, the secularization thesis holds that as modernity (a bundle of phenomena including science, technology, and rational forms of authority) progresses, religion gradually diminishes in influence. Taylor begins from the fact that the modern world has not seen the disappearance of religion but rather its diversification and in many places its growth.{{sfn|Taylor|2007|pp=1–22}} He then develops a complex alternative notion of what secularization actually means given that the secularization thesis has not been borne out. In the process, Taylor also greatly deepens his account of moral, political, and spiritual modernity that he had begun in Sources of the Self.


Taylor was a candidate for the social democratic New Democratic Party (NDP) in Mount Royal on three occasions in the 1960s, beginning with the 1962 federal election when he came in third behind Liberal Alan MacNaughton. He improved his standing in 1963, coming in second. Most famously, he also lost in the 1965 election to newcomer and future prime minister, Pierre Trudeau. This campaign garnered national attention. Taylor's fourth and final attempt to enter the House of Commons of Canada was in the 1968 federal election, when he came in second as an NDP candidate in the riding of Dollard. In 1994 he coedited a paper on human rights with Vitit Muntarbhorn in Thailand.{{sfn|Muntarbhorn|Taylor|1994}} In 2008, he endorsed the NDP candidate in Westmount—Ville-Marie, Anne Lagacé Dowson. He was also a professor to Canadian politician and former leader of the New Democratic Party Jack Layton.Taylor served as a vice president of the federal NDP (beginning {{circa|1965}}){{sfn|Palma|2014|p=11}} and was president of its Quebec section.{{sfnm |1a1=Abbey |1y=2000 |1p=6 |2a1=Anctil |2y=2011 |2p=119}}In 2010, Taylor said multiculturalism was a work in progress that faced challenges. He identified tackling Islamophobia in Canada as the next challenge.NEWS, Part 5: 10 Leaders on How to Change Multiculturalism,weblink Our Time to Lead, The Globe and Mail, June 21, 2012, February 15, 2016,


{{div col|colwidth=18em}} {{div col end}}

Selected works by Taylor

  • 1964. The Explanation of Behaviour. Routledge Kegan Paul.
  • 1975. Hegel. Cambridge University Press.
  • 1979. Hegel and Modern Society. Cambridge University Press.
  • 1985. Philosophical Papers (2 volumes).
  • 1989. (Sources of the Self|Sources of the Self: The Making of Modern Identity). Harvard University Press.
  • 1992. The Malaise of Modernity, being the published version of Taylor's Massey Lectures. Reprinted in the US as The Ethics of Authenticity. Harvard University Press
  • 1993. Reconciling the Solitudes: Essays on Canadian Federalism and Nationalism. McGill-Queen's University Press
  • 1994. Multiculturalism: Examining The Politics of Recognition. Princeton University Press
  • 1995. Philosophical Arguments. Harvard University Press
  • 1999. A Catholic Modernity?.
  • 2002. Varieties of Religion Today: William James Revisited. Harvard University Press
  • 2004. Modern Social Imaginaries. Duke University Press.
  • 2007. A Secular Age. Harvard University Press
  • 2011. Dilemmas and Connections: Selected Essays. Harvard University Press.
  • 2015. With Hubert Dreyfus, Retrieving Realism. Harvard University Press.
  • 2016. The Language Animal: The Full Shape of the Human Linguistic Capacity, Harvard University Press.

Book chapters
  • "The diversity of goods" in BOOK, Sen, Amartya, Williams, Bernard, Amartya Sen, Bernard Williams, Utilitarianism and beyond, 129–144, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1982, 9780511611964, harv, .,

See also





BOOK, Abbey, Ruth, Ruth Abbey, 2000, Charles Taylor, Abingdon, England, Routledge, 2014, 978-1-317-49019-7, harv
ENCYCLOPEDIA, Abbey, Ruth, Ruth Abbey, {{long dash, |year=2016|title=Taylor, Charles (1931–)|editor-last=Shook|editor-first=John R.|encyclopedia=The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers in America: From 1600 to the Present|location=London|publisher=Bloomsbury Academic|pages=958ff|isbn=978-1-4725-7056-7|ref=harv
ENCYCLOPEDIA, Abbey, Ruth, Ruth Abbey, {hide}long dash, |year=2017|title=Taylor, Charles (1931– )|encyclopedia=Dictionnaire de la Philosophie politique|language=fr|publisher=Encyclopædia Universalis|isbn=978-2-341-00704-7|ref=harv
THESIS, Adam, Bassam, 1997, Démocratie: Pluralisme, conflits et communauté chez Alain Touraine et Charles Taylor,weblink Democracy: Pluralism, Conflicts, and Community in Alain Touraine and Charles Taylor, MA, fr, Quebec City, Quebec, Université Laval, 978-0-612-25474-9, November 18, 2019, harv
BOOK, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, T,weblink Book of Members, 1780–2012, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 533–552, February 15, 2016, harv
BOOK, Ancelovici, Marcos, Dupuis-Déri, Francis, 2001, Charles Taylor, Elliott, Anthony, Turner, Bryan S., Bryan Turner (sociologist), Profiles in Contemporary Social Theory, London, SAGE Publications, 260–269, 978-0-7619-6589-3, harv
BOOK, Anctil, Pierre, Pierre Anctil, 2011, Introduction, Adelman, Howard, Howard Adelman, Anctil, Pierre, Pierre Anctil, Religion, Culture, and the State: Reflections on the Bouchard–Taylor Report, Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 3–15, 978-1-4426-1144-3, harv
JOURNAL, Apczynski, John V., 2014, The Projects of Michael Polanyi and Charles Taylor,weblink Tradition and Discovery, 41, 1, 21–32, 10.5840/traddisc2014/20154115, 2154-1566, harv
BOOK, Beiser, Frederick, Frederick C. Beiser, 2005, Hegel, New York, Routledge, 978-1-134-38392-4, harv
BOOK, Berlin, Isaiah, Isaiah Berlin, 1994, Introduction, Tully, James, James Tully (philosopher), Philosophy in an Age of Pluralism: The Philosophy of Charles Taylor in Question, Cambridge, England, Cambridge University Press, 1–3, 978-0-521-43742-4, harv
BOOK, Birnbaum, Pierre, Pierre Birnbaum, 2004, Entre universalisme et multiculturalisme : le modèle français dans la théorie politique contemporaine,weblink Between Universalism and Multiculturalism: The French Model in Contemporary Political Theory, Dieckhoff, Alain, La constellation des appartenances : nationalisme, libéralisme et pluralisme, The Politics of Belonging: Nationalism, Liberalism, and Pluralism, fr, Paris, Presses de Sciences Po, 257–280, 978-2-7246-0932-5, 30 October 2018, harv
BOOK, Busacchi, Vinicio, 2015, The Recognition Principle: A Philosophical Perspective Between Psychology, Sociology and Politics, Newcastle upon Tyne, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 978-1-4438-7586-8, harv
BOOK, Calhoun, Craig, Craig Calhoun, 2012, Craig Calhoun, Nickel, Patricia Mooney, North American Critical Theory After Postmodernism: Contemporary Dialogues, Nickel, Patricia Mooney, Basingstoke, England, Palgrave Macmillan, 62–87, 978-0-230-36927-6, harv
THESIS, Campbell, Anthony Edward Hugh, 2017, Charles Taylor and the Place of the Transcendent in Secular Modern Lives, PhD, Ottawa, Saint Paul University, 10.20381/ruor-20462, free
A. E. H. Campbell, 2017, }}
BOOK, Campbell, Catherine Galko, 2014, Persons, Identity, and Political Theory: A Defense of Rawlsian Political Identity, Dordrecht, Netherlands, Springer, 10.1007/978-94-007-7917-4, 978-94-007-7917-4
C. G. Campbell, 2014, }}
BOOK, Grene, Marjorie, Marjorie Grene, 1976, Philosophy in and out of Europe, Berkeley, California, University of California Press, 978-0-520-03121-0, harv,weblink
BOOK, Laforest, Guy, Guy Laforest, 2009, The Internal Exile of Quebecers in the Canada of the Charter, Kelly, James B., Manfredi, Christopher P., Christopher Manfredi, Contested Constitutionalism: Reflections on the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Vancouver, UBC Press, 251–262, 978-0-7748-1676-2, harv
BOOK, Lehman, Glen, 2015, Charles Taylor's Ecological Conversations: Politics, Commonalities and the Natural Environment, Basingstoke, England, Palgrave Macmillan, 978-1-137-52478-2, harv
NEWS, Lindholm, Charles, Charles Lindholm, 2007, The Theory and History of Authenticity, 2144/19839, free, harv
ENCYCLOPEDIA, Mason, Richard, 1996, Taylor, Charles Margrave, Brown, Stuart, Collinson, Diané, Wilkinson, Robert, Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers, London, Routledge, 774–776, 978-0-415-06043-1, harv
JOURNAL, Meijer, Michiel, 2017, Human-Related, Not Human-Controlled: Charles Taylor on Ethics and Ontology, International Philosophical Quarterly, 57, 3, 267–285, 10.5840/ipq20173679, 0019-0365, harv
BOOK, Meszaros, Julia T., 2016, Selfless Love and Human Flourishing in Paul Tillich and Iris Murdoch, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198765868.001.0001, 978-0-19-876586-8, harv
BOOK, Meynell, Robert, 2011, Canadian Idealism and the Philosophy of Freedom: C.B. Macpherson, George Grant and Charles Taylor, Montreal, McGill-Queen's University Press, 978-0-7735-3798-9, harv
BOOK, Miller, David, David Miller (political theorist), 2014, Political Theory, Philosophy, and the Social Sciences: Five Chichele Professors, Hood, Christopher, Christopher Hood, King, Desmond, Desmond King (professor), Peele, Gillian, Forging a Discipline: A Critical Assessment of Oxford's Development of the Study of Politics and International Relations in Comparative Perspective, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 165ff, 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682218.003.0009, 978-0-19-968221-8, harv
JOURNAL, Mukhopadhyay, Bhaskar, 2005, The Rumor of Globalization: Globalism, Counterworks and the Location of Commodity, Dialectical Anthropology, 29, 1, 35–60, 10.1007/s10624-005-4172-0, 1573-0786, 29790727, harv
BOOK, Muntarbhorn, Vitit, Vitit Muntarbhorn, Taylor, Charles, 1994, Road to Democracy: Human Rights and Human Development in Thailand, Montreal, International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development, harv
THESIS, Palma, Anthony Joseph, 2014, Recognition of Diversity: Charles Taylor's Educational Thought, PhD, Toronto, University of Toronto, 1807/65711, free, harv
JOURNAL, Redhead, Mark, 2004, Review of Charles Taylor, Edited by Ruth Abbey,weblink Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, 1538-1617, October 27, 2018, harv
BOOK, Rodowick, D. N., 2015, Philosophy's Artful Conversation, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 978-0-674-41667-3, harv
THESIS, Semko, Jesse Joseph Paul, 2004, Isaiah Berlin and Charles Taylor on Johann Gottfried Herder: A Comparative Study, MA, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, University of Saskatchewan, 10388/etd-09152004-154002, free, harv
BOOK, Smith, James K. A., James K. A. Smith, 2014, How (Not) to Be Secular: Reading Charles Taylor, Grand Rapids, Michigan, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 978-0-8028-6761-2
J. K. A. Smith, 2014, }}
BOOK, Smith, Nicholas H., 2002, Charles Taylor: Meaning, Morals and Modernity, New York, John Wiley & Sons, 978-0-7456-6859-8
N. H. Smith, 2002, }}
BOOK, Taylor, Charles, 1964, The Explanation of Behaviour, International Library of Philosophy and Scientific Method, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, harv
BOOK, Taylor, Charles, {{long dash, |year=1983|chapter=The Significance of Significance: The Case for Cognitive Psychology|editor1-last=Mitchell|editor1-first=Sollace|editor2-last=Rosen|editor2-first=Michael|editor2-link=Michael E. Rosen|title=The Need for Interpretation: Contemporary Conceptions of the Philosopher's Task|location=New Jersey|publisher=Humanities Press|pages=141–169|isbn=978-0-391-02825-8|ref=harv
BOOK, Taylor, Charles, {hide}long dash, |year=1985a|chapter=Introduction|editor-last=Taylor|editor-first=Charles|title=Human Agency and Language|series=Philosophical Papers|volume=1|location=Cambridge, England|publisher=Cambridge University Press|pages=1–12|isbn=978-0-521-31750-4|ref=harv
BOOK, Taylor, Charles, {hide}long dash, |year=1985b|orig-year=1972|chapter=Interpretation and the Sciences of Man|editor-last=Taylor|editor-first=Charles|title=Philosophy and the Human Sciences|series=Philosophical Papers|volume=2|location=Cambridge, England|publisher=Cambridge University Press|pages=15–57|isbn=|ref=harv
BOOK, Taylor, Charles, {hide}long dash, |year=1985c|orig-year=1978|chapter=Language and Human Nature|editor-last=Taylor|editor-first=Charles|title=Human Agency and Language|series=Philosophical Papers|volume=1|location=Cambridge, England|publisher=Cambridge University Press|pages=215–247|isbn=978-0-521-31750-4|ref=harv
BOOK, Taylor, Charles, {hide}long dash, |year=1985d|chapter=Self-Interpreting Animals|editor-last=Taylor|editor-first=Charles|title=Human Agency and Language|series=Philosophical Papers|volume=1|location=Cambridge, England|publisher=Cambridge University Press|pages=45–76|isbn=978-0-521-31750-4|ref=harv
BOOK, Taylor, Charles, {{long dash, |year=1992|orig-year=1991|title=The Ethics of Authenticity|location=Cambridge, Massachusetts|publisher=Harvard University Press|isbn=978-0-674-26863-0|ref=harv|url=
BOOK, Taylor, Charles, {hide}long dash, |year=1995|chapter=To Follow a Rule|title=Philosophical Arguments|location=Cambridge, Massachusetts|publisher=Harvard University Press|pages=165–180|isbn=978-0-674-66477-7|ref=harv
BOOK, Taylor, Charles, {hide}long dash, |year=2007|title=A Secular Age|location=Cambridge, Massachusetts|publisher=Belknap Press of Harvard University Press|isbn=978-0-674-02676-6|ref=harv
BOOK, Taylor, Charles, {hide}long dash, |year=2016|title=The Language Animal: The Full Shape of the Human Linguistic Capacity|location=Cambridge, Massachusetts|publisher=Harvard University Press|isbn=978-0-674-97027-4|ref=harv
JOURNAL, Van Aarde, Andries G., Andries Van Aarde, 2009, Postsecular Spirituality, Engaged Hermeneutics, and Charles Taylor's Notion of Hypergoods, HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 65, 1, 209–216, 10.4102/hts.v65i1.166, free, 2072-8050, harv

Further reading

MAGAZINE, Barrie, John A., 1996, Probing Modernity, Quadrant, 40, 5, 82–83, 0033-5002
ENCYCLOPEDIA, Blakely, Jason, 2016, Alasdair MacIntyre, Charles Taylor, and the Demise of Naturalism: Reunifying Political Theory and Social Science, Notre Dame, Indiana, University of Notre Dame Press, 978-0-268-10064-3
BOOK, Gagnon, Bernard, 2002, La philosophie morale et politique de Charles Taylor, The Moral and Political Philosophy of Charles Taylor, fr, Quebec City, Quebec, Presses de l'Université Laval, 978-2-7637-7866-2,weblink
BOOK, McKenzie, Germán, 2017, Interpreting Charles Taylor's Social Theory on Religion and Secularization, Sophia Studies in Cross-Cultural Philosophy of Traditions and Cultures, 20, Cham, Switzerland, Springer, 10.1007/978-3-319-47700-8, 978-3-319-47698-8, 2211-1107
BOOK, Meijer, Michiel, 2018, Charles Taylor's Doctrine of Strong Evaluation: Ethics and Ontology in a Scientific Age, London, Rowman & Littlefield, 978-1-78660-400-2
JOURNAL, Perreau-Saussine, Émile, 2005, Une spiritualité libérale? Alasdair MacIntyre et Charles Taylor en conversation,weblink A Liberal Spirituality? Alasdair MacIntyre and Charles Taylor in Conversation, fr, PDF, Revue Française de Science Politique, Presses de Sciences Po., 55, 2, 299–315,weblink" title="">weblink March 27, 2009, February 15, 2015
BOOK, Redhead, Mark, 2002, Charles Taylor: Thinking and Living Deep Diversity, Twentieth-Century Political Thinkers, Lanham, Maryland, Rowman & Littlefield, 978-0-7425-2126-1
JOURNAL, Skinner, Quentin, Quentin Skinner, 1991, Who Are 'We'? Ambiguities of the Modern Self, Inquiry, 34, 2, 133–153, 10.1080/00201749108602249
THESIS, Svetelj, Tone, 2012, Rereading Modernity: Charles Taylor on Its Genesis and Prospects, PhD, Chestnut Hills, Massachusetts, Boston College, 2345/3853, free
JOURNAL, Temelini, Michael, 2014, Dialogical Approaches to Struggles over Recognition and Distribution, Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 17, 4, 423–447, 10.1080/13698230.2013.763517, 1743-8772

External links

{{Commons category|Charles Taylor (philosopher)}}

Online videos of Charles Taylor
  • Berggruen Prize Winner Charles Taylor on the Big Questions; series of videos produced by the Berggruen Institute
  • Can Human Action Be Explained?; Charles Taylor gives a lecture at Columbia University
  • {{YouTube|DKVnLwsl5JI|A Political Ethic of Solidarity}}; Charles Taylor gives a lecture on a future politics self-consciously based on differing views and foundations in Milan
  • {{YouTube|hA1dtTTmv0g|"Spiritual Forgetting"}}; Charles Taylor at awarding of Templeton Prize
  • {{fr icon}} weblink" title="">«La religion dans la Cité des modernes : un divorce sans issue?» (14/10/2006) ; Charles Taylor and Pierre Manent, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Montréal, weblink" title="">«Les grandes conférences Argument».
{{Ethics}}{{Social and political philosophy}}{{Templeton Prize Laureates}}{{Kyoto Prize in Arts and Philosophy - Thought and Ethics}}{{Authority control}}

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