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Chandrakirti
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{{Buddhism}}Chandrakirti ({{IAST3|Candrakīrti}}; {{cjkv|t=月稱|p=Yuèchēng|j=Gesshō}}; {{bo|t=ཟླ་བ་གྲགས་པ་|w=zla ba grags pa|l=tàwa ʈʰàʔpa}}; {{circa|600|650}}) was a Buddhist scholar of the Madhyamaka school and a noted commentator on the works of Nagarjuna ({{circa|150|250 CE}}) and those of his main disciple, Aryadeva, authoring two influential works, Prasannapadā and Madhyamakāvatāra.{{sfn|Buswell Jr.|Lopez Jr.|2013|loc=Entry for {{IAST|Candrakīrti}}}} Very little is known about Chandrakirti's life. Tibetan sources state that he was born in Samanta, South India.{{cn|date=May 2018}} and was a student of Kamalabuddhi. He is traditionally associated with Nalanda Mahavihara where he may have been a monk.{{sfn|Buswell Jr.|Lopez Jr.|2013|loc=Entry for {{IAST|Candrakīrti}}}}

Teachings and works

Chandrakirti was the most famous member of what the Tibetans came to call the Uma Thelgyur ({{bo|w=dbu ma thal 'gyur}}) school, an approach to the interpretation of Madhyamaka philosophy typically back-translated into Sanskrit as {{IAST|Prāsaá¹…gika}} or rendered in English as the "Consequentialist" or "Dialecticist" school.Candrakirti - Budda World. Accessed January 29, 2012.In his writings Chandrakirti defended Buddhapālita against Bhāviveka, criticizing the latter's acceptance of autonomous syllogism. He also offered refutations of a number of earlier Buddhist views such as the Vijñānavāda or Yogācāra school.Fenner, Peter G. (1983). "ChandrakÄ«rti's refutation of Buddhist idealism." Philosophy East and West Volume 33, no.3 (July 1983) University of Hawaii Press. P.251. Source: weblink (accessed: January 21, 2008) He also attacked the views of the school of Dignāga for attempting to ground their epistemology on foundational propositions.Hayes, Richard, "Madhyamaka", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2017 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), forthcoming URL = .Chandrakirti's works include the Prasannapadā—Sanskrit for "clear words"—a commentary on Nāgārjuna's MÅ«lamadhyamakakārikā and the Madhyamakāvatāra (his supplement to Nagarjuna's text) and its auto-commentary. The Madhyamakāvatāra is used as the main sourcebook by most of the Tibetan monastic colleges in their studies of śūnyatā "emptiness" and the philosophy of the Madhyamaka school.

Chandrakirti the latter

The Tibetan translation of Charyapada provided the name of its compiler as Munidatta, that its Sanskrit commentary is Caryāgītikośavṛtti, and that its lotsawa "translator" was Chandrakirti. This is a later Chandrakirti, who assisted in Tibetan translation in the Later Transmission of Buddhism to Tibet.

Major works

  • Prasannapadā (Clear Words) : A commentary on Nagarjuna's MÅ«lamadhyamakakārikā
  • Madhyamakāvatāra (Entering the Middle Way or Guide to the Middle Way)Ocean of Nectar: The True Nature of All Things, Tharpa Publications (1995) {{ISBN|978-0-948006-23-4}}
  • Catuḥśatakaá¹­Ä«kā (Commentary on the 400): a commentary on the 400 Verses of AryadevaBOOK, Four Illusions: CandrakÄ«rti's Advice to Travelers on the Bodhisattva Path, Lang, Karen C., Oxford University Press, 2003,
  • Yuktiá¹£aṣṭikāvá¹›tti (Commentary on the Sixty Stanzas on Reasoning)
  • ShÅ«nyatāsaptativá¹›tti (Commentary on the Seventy Stanzas on Emptiness)
  • TriÅ›araṇasaptati - Seventy Verses on Taking Refuge

See also

Notes

{{reflist}}

References

  • BOOK,weblink The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Buswell Jr., Robert E., Lopez Jr., Donald S., Robert Buswell Jr., Donald S. Lopez Jr., 2013, Princeton University Press, 9781400848058, Princeton, harv,
  • Dan Arnold, Buddhists, Brahmins and Belief: Epistemology in South Asian Philosophy of Religion
  • C. W. Huntington, The Emptiness of Emptiness: An Introduction to Early Indian Madhyamaka
  • Gyatso, Kelsang. Ocean of Nectar: The True Nature of All Things, a verse by verse commentary to Chandrakirti's Guide to the Middle Way, Tharpa Publications (1995) {{ISBN|978-0-948006-23-4}}

External links

{{Buddhism topics}}{{Authority control}}

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