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Carlos Latuff

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Carlos Latuff
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{{short description|Brazilian freelance political cartoonist}}







factoids
| birth_place = Rio de Janeiro, BrazilBrazilians>Brazilian| field = Political cartoons, Social commentary| training =| movement = | works =| patrons =| awards =}}Carlos Latuff (born 30 November 1968) is a Brazilian freelance political cartoonist.WEB,weblink UAE General, Brazilian artist lives up to his promise, Gulfnews.com, 2009-01-18, 2013-01-25, His works deal with an array of themes, including anti-Zionism, anti-globalization, anti-capitalism, and opposition to U.S. military intervention. He is best known for his images depicting the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and the Arab Spring events.Some of Latuff's cartoons comparing Israel to Nazism have been accused of being antisemitic by the Simon Wiesenthal Center and some authors. Latuff has dismissed the charges of antisemitism as "a strategy for discrediting criticism of Israel." while book reviewer Eddie Portnoy in The Forward has stated that while his message is "furiously critical" of Israel, it is not anti-Semitic.

Early life

Latuff was born in the neighborhood of São Cristóvão in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,Trigo, Luciano. "‘Imagens podem ser apropriadas por qualquer um’, diz Carlos Latuff." G1 (O Globo). 25 January 2013. Retrieved on June 18, 2014. "nascido no subúrbio carioca de São Cristóvão:" (Carioca means from Rio de Janeiro) and is of Lebanese ancestry; in his own words he has "Arab roots".

History

Latuff started as a cartoonist for leftist publications in Brazil. After watching a 1997 documentary about the Zapatistas in Mexico, he sent a couple of cartoons to them, which received a positive response. He stated that after this experience, he decided to start a website and engage in "artistic activism". Graham Fowell, ex-chairman of the Cartoonists' Club of Great Britain, compares his work to Banksy, an English-based graffiti artist, political activist and film director.Latuff has been arrested three times in Brazil for his cartoons about the Brazilian police, in which he criticized police brutality.NEWS, Shenker, Jack, Carlos Latuff: The voice of Tripoli – live from Rio,weblink 17 December 2015, The Guardian, 22 Aug 2011, (File:Battle of Stalingrad Latuff.png|thumb|Latuff Congreting Red Army Takeover Of Berlin)In 2011, Latuff was contacted by activists in Egypt. Latuff stated that he was encouraged when he saw some of his cartoons depicted in the January 25 Egyptian protests, a couple of days after he made them. According to Reuters, this helped him become "a hero of the tumultuous Arab Spring with rapid-fire satirical sketches".

Published works

Latuff's works have been posted mostly by himself on Indymedia websites and private blogs. He is a weekly cartoonist for The Globe PostHTTP://WWW.THEGLOBEPOST.COM/AUTHOR/CARLOSLATUFF/, Carlos Latuff Cartoons, 2017-08-25, and some of his cartoons have been picked up and featured in magazines such as the Brazilian edition of ''Mad,WEB,weblink Mad magazine, January 2009, Brazilian edition, Latuff2.deviantart.com, 2013-01-25, Le Monde DiplomatiqueWEB,weblink Charge q fiz sobre deportação d ciganos por Sarkozy no Le Mon... on Twitpic, Twitpic.com, 2013-01-25, and The Toronto Star.NEWS, Mafaz Al-Suwaidan Special to the star,weblink The Toronto Star: More than just a chic checkered scarf, Thestar.com, 2008-05-30, 2013-01-25, In addition, a few of his works were published on Arab websites and publications such as the Islamic Front for the Iraqi Resistance (JAMI) magazine, the Saudi magazine Character, the Lebanese newspaper Al Akhbar, among others.Interview for JAMI magazineMy cartoons in Saudi Arabia magazineArticle about my art in the Lebanese newspaper "Al Akhbar"Cartoon reproduced in Iraqi magazine Additionally, Latuff also contributes to several Middle Eastern newspapers, including Alquds Alarabi, Huna Sotak and the Islamophobia Research and Documentation Project – IRDP.JOURNAL, Latuff, Carlos, 2016, Sur: International Journal on Human Rights,weblink Sur: International Journal on Human Rights, 127–129,

Themes

(File:Futuro da Líbia.gif|thumb|Libya`s future)File:Hosni Mubarak facing the Tunisia domino effect.png|thumb|Political cartoon applying the domino theory to the alt=The cartoon depicts Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak as the next to fall after the Tunisian revolution forced President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali to flee the country.A vast number of Latuff's cartoons are related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, which according to Latuff: "became important to Latuff after he visited the area in the late 1990s."WEB,weblink Simple, Offensive and Out There, The Forward, 2013-01-25, These cartoons are heavily critical of Israel and have drawn criticism and allegations of uninhibited utilization of "judeophobic stereotypes in the service of the anti-globalisation movement."NEWS,weblink Cartoon symbols of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Black, Ian, 19 December 2008, The Guardian, 2009-07-07, London, In his We are all Palestinians () cartoon series, various famous oppressed groups, including Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto, Black South Africans during Apartheid, Native Americans, and Tibetans in China, are all shown stating "I am Palestinian."WEB,weblink Carlos Latuff: "We Are All Palestinian", Sinkers.org, 2013-01-25, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130520075955weblink">weblink 2013-05-20, Latuff has also made a series of cartoons that portray Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon,WEB,weblink Ariel Sharon portrait by ~latuff, DeviantArt, 2003-06-08, 2007-09-21, WEB,weblink Ariel Sharon by ~latuff, DeviantArt, 2003-06-07, 2007-09-21, WEB,weblink The Godfather by ~latuff, DeviantArt, 2003-05-02, 2007-09-21, United States President George W. Bush, Brazilian president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and British PM Tony Blair among other politicians as monsters and as Nazis.WEB, — Lorenzo Kom'boa Ervin,weblink The Cartoons of Carlos Latuff, Infoshop.org, 1995-01-23, 2014-08-10, {{dead link|date=September 2017 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes}}WEB,weblink Friday the 13th Jason Sharon by ~latuff on DeviantArt, DeviantArt.com, 2003-06-08, 2013-01-25, weblink {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070619194913weblink |date=June 19, 2007 }}weblink {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070619194913weblink |date=June 19, 2007 }}WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2007-01-26,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070619194913weblink">weblink 2007-06-19, yes, WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2007-01-26,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110726180912weblink">weblink 2011-07-26, yes, WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2007-01-26,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110726180931weblink">weblink 2011-07-26, yes, Latuff is also critical of US military action in Iraq and Afghanistan. He started publishing his work on the web as soon as the invasion started. According to his narrative, "war is not a video game, and technofetishism is not to be celebrated, but exposed."JOURNAL, Najjar, Orayb, 2014, The American media and the Iraq war at its tenth anniversary: Lessons for the coverage of future wars, He has made promotional cartoons for anti-US militancy as well as cartoons alleging US actions have been motivated by the chance of making profit from oil. Among the cartoons, there are also some that portray US soldiers as severely wounded, dead, or paraplegic or as harming Iraqi civilians.File:Victory.gif|File:Iraq war, year FOUR!.jpg|File:KillinintheRain.png|File:Warforoil.gif|File:Laughs.gif|In his comic series Tales of Iraq War () he portrays "Juba, the Baghdad sniper",WEB,weblink TALES OF IRAQ WAR by LATUFF, Carlos Latuff, tales-of-iraq-war.blogspot.com, WEB,weblink TALES OF IRAQ WAR by LATUFF, Carlos Latuff, tales-of-iraq-war.blogspot.com, WEB,weblink TALES OF IRAQ WAR by LATUFF, Carlos Latuff, tales-of-iraq-war.blogspot.com, an Iraqi insurgency character claimed to have shot down several dozen US soldiers, as a "superhero".WEB,weblink Interview with Carlos Latuff, Latuff2.deviantart.com, 2013-01-25, He has also made a caricature of US President George W. Bush laughing over US casualtiesweblink{{dead link|date=July 2017 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}Since the end of 2010, he has been consistently engaged in producing cartoons about the Arab Spring in which he openly sided with the revolutionaries. After the victory of revolutions in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya his cartoons about these countries have focused on the menace of counter-revolution or Western interference. Some of his cartoons have been displayed in mass demonstrations in Arab countries.NEWS, Grudgings, Stuart,weblink Rio cartoonist inspires Arab rebellions from afar, Reuters.com, 2011-08-29, 2013-01-25, WEB,weblink Latuff's cartoon displayed in Tahrir Square, Twicsy.com, 2011-08-01, 2013-01-25, WEB,weblink Stop military tribunals, Arabawy.org, 2013-01-25, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120405135027weblink">weblink 2012-04-05,

Allegations of antisemitism

File:Holocaust Remembrance Day.jpg|thumb|right|Carlos Latuff's cartoon "Holocaust Remembrance Day". It was offered as material for teachers training on a website run by the Education Ministry of the Flemish Region in weblink Times of Israel, {{Relevance inline">sentence|date=June 2015|discuss=relevance|reason=What is the relevance of this sentence in this article about Carlos Latuff?}}(File:Ship to Gaza by Latuff.gif|thumb|Ship to Gaza by Latuff)File:Cry-wolf.png|thumb|right|Carlos Latuff portrays the cry "Anti-Semitism" as a parody of The Boy who Cried WolfThe Boy who Cried Wolf(File:The new anti semitism.jpg|thumb)The notability of Latuff and his cartoons has drawn criticism from individuals and organizations, especially in the form of accusations of antisemitism.His works were criticized by a writer for the Institute for Global Jewish Affairs, part of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs (an Israeli NGO), for allegedly containing antisemitism and antisemitic motifs.WEB, Adam Levick, September 2, 2010,weblink Anti-Semitic Cartoons on Progressive Blogs Adam Levick, Jcpa.org, 2010-09-02, 2013-01-25, In 2002 the Swiss-based Holocaust survivors organization Aktion Kinder des Holocaust sued the Indymedia of Switzerland on the charge of antisemitism for publishing Latuff's cartoon titled We are all Palestinians series in their website, which depicted a Jewish boy in the Warsaw Ghetto saying: "I am Palestinian."Aktion Kinder des Holocaust: Is this cartoon by Latuff, published at indymedia-switzerland, anti-Semitic? An analysisAlex Schärer: Linke und Antisemitismus: Der Indymedia-Streit – Aufpassen, was im Kübel landet, Die Wochenzeitung, April 4, 2002Junge Welt: Ärger im Internet: Wegen antisemitischer Beiträge hat Indymedia Schweiz den Betrieb gestoppt, February 25, 2002 The criminal proceedings were suspended by Swiss court.WEB,weblink Jewish peace activists and Israeli violence, August 2002, Anis, Hamadeh, 2007-09-21, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070816023608weblink">weblink August 16, 2007, {{citation needed|date=June 2015}}In their 2003 Annual Report, the Stephen Roth Institute compared Latuff's cartoons of Ariel Sharon to "the antisemitic caricatures of Philipp Rupprecht in Julius Streicher's Der Stürmer."WEB,weblink General Analysis: Overview, 2003, Annual Report, Stephen Roth Institute, January 10, 2010, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20091025223026weblink">weblink October 25, 2009, The SRI also complained over a cartoon showing Argentinian revolutionary Che Guevara in a Palestinian keffiyeh.WEB,weblink Brazil 2003–2004, 2003, Country Reports, Stephen Roth Institute, June 7, 2010, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20101023081518weblink">weblink October 23, 2010, In 2006, Latuff placed second for his cartoon comparing the West Bank barrier with the Nazi concentration camps, in the Iranian 'International Holocaust Cartoon Competition'.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120728040612weblink">weblink Ahmadinejad, Iran, and Holocaust Manipulation: Methods, Aims, and Reactions, 28 July 2012, Jerusalem Center For Public Affairs, Winners of the Iranian Holocaust Cartoon Competition {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070313204150weblink |date=2007-03-13 }}, IRANCARTOON InternationalLatuff's entry was described as "Holocaust inversion," a "motif" of antisemitism, by Manfred Gerstenfeld.Manfred Gerstenfeld: "Ahmadinejad, Iran, and Holocaust manipulation: methods, aims, and reactions", Scholars For Peace in the Middle East, February 1, 2007Joel Kotek, a professor at Belgium’s Free University of Brussels, in his book Cartoons and ExtremismCartoons and Extremism: Israel and the Jews in Arab and Western Media By Joel Kotek Vallentine Mitchell, 201 pages calls Latuff “the contemporary Drumont of the internet.” Eddy Portnoy, in The Jewish Daily Forward, reviewing the book, writes that Latuff material is "often terribly obnoxious... but it is a stretch to categorize his cartoons as antisemitic, and it is a disservice to the fight against genuine antisemitism to have included [the Latuff cartoons]".WEB,weblink Simple, Offensive and Out There Extreme Cartoons Distort Israel and the Jews By Eddy Portnoy, Forward.com, 2013-01-25,

Latuff's response

In an interview with the Jewish-American weekly newspaper The Forward in December 2008, Latuff responded to charges of antisemitism and the comparisons made between his cartoons and those published in Der Stürmer in Nazi Germany:My cartoons have no focus on the Jews or on Judaism. My focus is Israel as a political entity, as a government, their armed forces being a satellite of U.S. interests in the Middle East, and especially Israeli policies toward the Palestinians. It happens to be Israeli Jews that are the oppressors of Palestinians... My detractors say that the use of the Magen David in my Israel-related cartoons is irrefutable proof of antisemitism; however, it’s not my fault if Israel chose sacred religious motifs as national symbols, such as the Knesset Menorah or the Star of David in killing-machines like F-16 jets.WEB,weblink Latuff: Cartoonist in Conversation - Forward.com, www.forward.com, 2008-12-21, Latuff also stated that anti-Semitism is real, that anti-Semites like European neo-Nazis, "hijack" the Palestinian cause to bash Israel. To assert, however, that anti-Zionism is anti-Semitic is, in his view, "a well-known tactic of intellectual dishonesty." He said that political cartoonists work by metaphors, and that similarities can be found between the IDF treatment of Palestinians and what Jews experienced under the Nazis. Such comparisons are not created by cartoonists, he added, but are made worldwide. He instanced the fact that a Holocaust survivor like Tommy Lapid reacted to the image of a Palestinian woman foraging in the rubble by thinking of his grandmother who died in Auschwitz. The use of cartoons insulting Muslims by depicting Muhammad as a bomber is defended as "freedom of speech", while using the Holocaust in drawings is deplored as "hatred against the Jews".Latuff was included in Simon Wiesenthal Center's 2012 Top Ten Anti-Israel/Anti-Semitic Slurs list,WEB,weblink 2012 Top Ten Anti-Israel/Anti-Semitic Slurs, Simon Wiesenthal Center, 2012-12-28,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130915021658weblink">weblink 2013-09-15, yes, which he considered "a joke worthy of a Woody Allen movie". He also claimed that Zionist lobbying groups try to associate him with well-known extremists and racists in order to disqualify his criticism of the Israeli government. According to him, "criticism or even attacks to the polity known as Israel do not mean hatred towards Jews because the Israeli government does not represent the Jewish people just as no government represents the totality of its people". He also pointed out that figures such as José Saramago, Desmond Tutu and Jimmy Carter were also accused of being antisemitic, saying that he was "in good company".WEB,weblink Cartunista brasileiro está no ranking dos "dez mais antissemitas" do mundo, Opera Mundi, 2012-12-28, Portuguese,

Gallery

File:GazaVerboten.jpg|Latuff comparing Gaza with a Nazi Ghetto and Israeli soldiers as SS soldiersFile:GazaGhetto.jpg|"GazaGhetto" compares Israeli soldiers with Nazi troops during the Warsaw Ghetto UprisingFile:Bombman.png|Creation of a suicide bomberFile:Vlado Herzog protest.jpg|Latuff's cartoons are often used in protests. This demonstration was against Folha de S.Paulo's usage of the term "ditabranda" to describe the Brazilian military dictatorship (1964–1985)File:GlobalIntifada.png| Global Intifada by Latuff shows a 'global persona' wearing a Keffiyeh, making the V (victory) sign with the left hand and holding a slingshot in the right hand, in front the Palestinian flagFile:Nazism-144975.svg|Tribute to White PowerFile:Uncle Sam wants you DEAD.png| Uncle Sam wants you DEAD! by Latuff shows Adolf Hitler with Uncle Sam's top-hat (representing the United States) and a Nazi swastika atop itFile:Nazis.png| Just following orders by Carlos Latuff shows Nazi SS members compared to Israeli soldiers described as "born to kill". Text in the shape of a Nazi swastika says: "Israeli soldiers are just following orders"File:Latuff che.png|A 2002 cartoon by Latuff depicting Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara wearing a Palestinian keffiyehFile:Jewguevara.png|A 2003 cartoon by Latuff depicting Che Guevara wearing a Jewish Kippah.File:Israeli Palestinian sides.jpg|Israeli Palestinian sidesFile:Forgiveness 1.gif|Picture "forgiveness", depicts the reconcilement of a Jew and an Arab Palestinian.File:New Saudi Arabia's traffic sign (women2drive).gif|A poster for Saudi Arabia's #women2drive Movement.File:SCAF is the best friend of Egyptians.gif|SCAF is the best friend of Egyptians.File:Superman killed in action in Iraq.jpg|Superman killed in action in IraqFile:A volcano called Syria.png|Bashar al-Assad seated on top of a volcano called Syria.File:Obama20afghanistan202.jpg|War in AfghanistanFile:Mothers dont like wars by Latuff2.jpg|Mothers don't like warsFile:TheGreatSatan a.gif|The Great SatanFile:IsraHellburningbuses.png|IsraHell, Burning BusesFile:UsElections Obama Latuff.png|McCain - Obama presidential raceFile:Bahrain royal family orders army to open fire on unarmed protesters.png|Bahrain royal family orders army to open fire on unarmed protestersFile:SaddamLatuff.png|Saddam, 1999File:Nonazis2.png|"We can not allow nazis to use dignified Palestinian cause as a platform to launch racial hatred. I beg you all to reproduce this cartoon all over Internet. Let's say louder that we are fighting against those racist Jews who deny human rights to Palestinians, AS WELL AS racists who deny human rights to Jews."—Carlos LatuffFile:The logic of Iraq war by Latuff2.jpg|alt=Glorification Of Terrorism|Latuff And His Glorification Of Terrorism

Prizes

  • International Holocaust Cartoon Competition – shared second prize.WEB,weblink Ahmadinejad, Iran, and Holocaust Manipulation: Methods, Aims, and Reactions, Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, February 1, 2007, September 16, 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120728040612weblink">weblink July 28, 2012, yes,

References

{{Reflist|2}}

External links

{{commons|Carlos Latuff}} {{authority control}}


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