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Cabinet of Canada
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{{Canadian politics}}{{use mdy dates|date=November 2016}}The Cabinet of Canada () is a body of ministers of the Crown that, along with the Canadian monarch, and within the tenets of the Westminster system, forms the government of Canada. Chaired by the prime minister, the Cabinet is a committee of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada and the senior echelon of the Ministry, the membership of the Cabinet and ministry often being co-terminal; {{as of|2015|11|lc=yes}} there are no members of the latter who are not also members of the former.For practical reasons, the Cabinet is informally referred to either in relation to the prime minister in charge of it or the number of ministries since Confederation. The current cabinet is the Trudeau Cabinet, which is part of the 29th Ministry. The interchangeable use of the terms cabinet and ministry is a subtle inaccuracy that can cause confusion.

Composition

Queen-in-Council

The government of Canada, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government,{{Citation| last=MacLeod| first=Kevin S.| authorlink=Kevin S. MacLeod| title=A Crown of Maples| place=Ottawa| publisher=Queen's Printer for Canada| year=2008| edition=1| page=18| url=http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/ceem-cced/fr-rf/crnCdn/crn_mpls-eng.pdf| format=PDF| isbn=978-0-662-46012-1| accessdate=21 June 2009}}{{Citation| last=Wrong| first=Humphrey Hume| authorlink=H. H. Wrong| contribution=| date=10 November 1952| place=Ottawa| title=Relations With the United States| editor-last=Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada| editor-link=Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade| journal=Documents on Canadian External Relations| publication-place=Ottawa| volume=18-867}} is defined by the constitution as the Queen acting on the advice of her Privy Council;{{Citation| last=Victoria| author-link=Queen Victoria| publication-date=29 March 1867| title=Constitution Act, 1867| series=III.9 & 11| publication-place=Westminster| publisher=Queen's Printer| url=http://www.solon.org/Constitutions/Canada/English/ca_1867.html| accessdate=15 January 2009}}BOOK, Marleau, Robert, Montpetit, Camille, House of Commons Procedure and Practice, Queen's Printer for Canada, 2000, Ottawa, 1. Parliamentary Institutions > Institutional Framework > The Executive,weblink 2-89461-378-4, what is technically known as the Queen-in-Council,{{Harvnb| MacLeod| 2008| p=17}} or sometimes the Governor-in-Council,{{Citation|last=Elizabeth II |author-link=Elizabeth II |publication-date=1 April 2005 |title=Interpretation Act |series=35.1 |publication-place=Ottawa |publisher=Queen's Printer for Canada |url=http://www.canlii.org/en/ca/laws/stat/rsc-1985-c-i-21/latest/rsc-1985-c-i-21.html |accessdate=7 August 2009 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20090705082900weblink |archivedate=July 5, 2009 |df= }} referring to the governor general as the Queen's stand-in. However, the Privy Council—composed mostly of former members of parliament, current and former chief justices of Canada, and other elder statesmen—rarely meets in full; as the stipulations of responsible government require that those who directly advise the monarch and governor general on how to exercise the Royal Prerogative be accountable to the elected House of Commons of Canada, the day-to-day operation of government is guided only by a sub-group of the Privy Council made up of individuals who hold seats in parliament. This body of ministers of the Crown is the Cabinet, which has come to be the council in the phrase Queen-in-Council.One of the main duties of the Crown is to appoint as prime minister the individual most likely to maintain the confidence of the House of Commons; this is usually the leader of the political party with a majority in that house, but when no party or coalition holds a majority (referred to as a hung parliament), or similar scenario, the governor general's judgement about the most suitable candidate for prime minister must be brought into play.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="wayback.archive-it.org/all/20080616012920weblink">weblink yes, June 16, 2008, Office of the Governor General of Canada, Media > Fact Sheets > The Swearing-In of a New Ministry, Queen's Printer for Canada, 18 May 2009, mdy-all, The prime minister thereafter heads the Cabinet. The Queen is informed by her viceroy of the acceptance of the resignation of a prime minister and the swearing-in of a new ministry, and she remains fully briefed through regular communications from her Canadian ministers and holds audience with them whenever possible.WEB,weblink The Royal Household, The Queen and the Commonwealth > Queen and Canada, Queen's Printer, 14 May 2009,

Selection and structure

The governor general appoints to the Cabinet persons chosen by the prime minister—John A. Macdonald once half-jokingly listed his occupation as cabinet maker; while there are no legal qualifications of the potential ministers, there are a number of conventions that are expected be followed. For instance, there is typically a minister from each province in Canada, ministers from visible minority groups, female ministers and, while the majority of those chosen to serve as ministers of the Crown are Members of Parliament, a Cabinet sometimes includes a senator, especially as a representative of a province or region where the governing party won few or no ridings. Efforts are further made to indulge interest groups that support the incumbent government and the party's internal politics must be appeased, with Cabinet positions sometimes being a reward for loyal party members.{{citation needed|date=November 2015}}
missing image!
- KingCabinetMeeting1930.jpg -
A meeting of the Cabinet of William Lyon Mackenzie King in 1930
It is not legally necessary for Cabinet members to have a position in parliament although they are almost always selected from the House of Commons. From time to time, a senator may be included.WEB,weblink Privy Council Office, Privy Council Office (Canada), Information Resources > About Cabinet, Queen's Printer for Canada, 18 October 2009, As with other Westminster derived governments, but unlike the United States Cabinet, the size and structure of the Canadian Cabinet is relatively malleable, the slate of Cabinet positions tending to be substantially restructured periodically, the last major period of realignment occurring between 1993 and 1996. Throughout the 20th century, Cabinets had been expanding in size until the Cabinet chaired by Brian Mulroney, with a population of 40 ministers. Mulroney's successor, Kim Campbell, reduced this number, and Jean Chrétien eliminated approximately 10 members of the ministry from the Cabinet, so that by 1994 there were a total of 23 persons in Cabinet. Under the chairmanship of Paul Martin, the number increased again to 39, in the vicinity of which it has remained; the Cabinet proper {{as of|2019|alt=currently}} comprises 31 ministers, with another 7 members of the ministry who are not of the cabinet.{{Citation| last=Privy Council Office| author-link=Privy Council Office (Canada)| title=The Canadian Ministry| place=Ottawa| publisher=Queen's Printer for Canada| date=25 August 2009| url=http://www.pm.gc.ca/grfx/docs/cabinet.pdf| accessdate=17 October 2009| deadurl=yes| archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20090408073158weblink| archivedate=April 8, 2009| df=mdy-all}}Cabinet itself—or full Cabinet—is further divided into committees. The Treasury Board, overseeing the expenditure of the sovereign's state funds within every department, is one of the most important of these, as is the Priorities and Planning Committee, often referred to as the inner Cabinet, which is the body that sets the strategic directions for the government, approves key appointments, and ratifies committee memberships. Other Cabinet committees include: Operations, Social Affairs, Economic Growth and Long-Term Prosperity, Foreign Affairs and Security, Environment and Energy Security.{{Citation| last=Office of the Prime Minister of Canada| author-link=Office of the Prime Minister (Canada)| title=Cabinet Committee Mandates and Membership| place=Ottawa| publisher=Queen's Printer for Canada| date=30 October 2008| url=http://www.pm.gc.ca/grfx/docs/Cab_committee-comite.pdf| accessdate=18 October 2009| deadurl=yes| archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20090327055132weblink| archivedate=March 27, 2009| df=mdy-all}} Each committee is chaired by a senior minister whose own portfolio normally intersects with the mandate of the committee he or she is chairing.{{citation needed|date=November 2015}}

Ministers, secretaries, and deputies

File:16th Canadian Ministry.jpg|thumb|right|The 16th Canadian Ministry, headed by William Lyon Mackenzie King, on the grounds of Rideau HallRideau HallEach minister of the Crown is responsible for the general administration of at least one government portfolio and heads a corresponding ministry or ministries, known in Canada as departments or agencies. The most important minister, following the first minister, is the Minister of Finance, while other high-profile ministries include foreign affairs, industry, justice, and health. The official order of precedence does not follow the same pattern, however, with ministers being listed in the order of their appointment to the Privy Council or, if appointed to the Privy Council on the same day, in order of election or appointment to parliament.WEB,weblink Library of Parliament, Library of Parliament, Federal government > The ministry, Queen's Printer for Canada, 18 October 2009, Unique positions in Cabinet are those such as Leader of the Government in the House of Commons and President of the Queen's Privy Council, who have no corresponding department, and some ministers (such as the Minister for International Cooperation) head agencies under the umbrella of a department run by another minister. Further, the prime minister may recommend the governor general appoint to Cabinet some ministers without portfolio, though this has not been done since 1978, and, unlike in many other Westminster model governments, ministers of state in Canada are considered full members of Cabinet, rather than of the ministry outside it, which has the effect of making the Canadian Cabinet much larger than its foreign counterparts. These individuals are assigned specific, but temporary, responsibilities on a more ad hoc basis, fulfilling tasks created and dissolved to suit short-term government priorities from within a department under a full minister of the Crown. Ministers of state may also be named but not specified any particular responsibilities, thus giving them the effective appearance of ministers without portfolio, or be delegated problems or initiatives that cut across departmental boundaries, a situation usually described as having the [situation] file.Members of the Cabinet receive assistance from both parliamentary secretaries—who will usually answer, on behalf of a minister, questions in the House of Commons—and deputy ministers—senior civil servants assigned to each ministry in order to tender non-partisan advice.

Responsibilities

{{See also|Prime Minister of Canada#Role and authority}}In the context of constitutional monarchy and responsible government, the ministerial advice tendered is typically binding, though it is important to note that, despite appearances to the contrary, the Royal Prerogative belongs to the Crown, not to any of the ministers,JOURNAL, Cox, Noel, Black v Chrétien: Suing a Minister of the Crown for Abuse of Power, Misfeasance in Public Office and Negligence, Murdoch University Electronic Journal of Law, 9, 3, 12, Murdoch University, Perth, September 2002,weblink 17 May 2009, JOURNAL, Neitsch, Alfred Thomas, A Tradition of Vigilance: The Role of Lieutenant Governor in Alberta, Canadian Parliamentary Review, 30, 4, 23, Commonwealth Parliamentary Association, Ottawa, 2008,weblink 22 May 2009, yes,weblink February 12, 2010, and the royal and viceroyal figures may unilaterally use these powers in exceptional constitutional crisis situations.*{{citation| url=http://www.revparl.ca/34/2/34n2_11e_Russell.pdf| last=Russell| first=Peter H.| title=Discretion and the Reserve Powers of the Crown| journal=Canadian Parliamentary Review| issue=Summer 2011| page=19| publisher=Commonwealth Parliamentary Association| accessdate=January 17, 2013}}
  • BOOK, McWhinney, Edward, Ted McWhinney, The Governor General and the Prime Ministers, Ronsdale Press, 2005, Vancouver, 16–17, 1-55380-031-1,
  • WEB,weblink Library and Archives Canada, Library and Archives Canada, Politics and Government > By Executive Decree > The Governor General, Queen's Printer for Canada, May 18, 2009,weblink January 5, 2010, yes, mdy-all,
  • BOOK, Dawson, R. MacGregor, Dawson, W.F., Democratic Government in Canada, University of Toronto Press, 1989, Toronto, Buffalo, London, 68–69,weblink 5, 0-8020-6703-4,
  • WEB,weblinkweblink" title="wayback.archive-it.org/all/20071211191052weblink">weblink yes, December 11, 2007, Office of the Governor General of Canada, Governor General of Canada: Role and Responsibilities of the Governor General, Queen's Printer for Canada, May 18, 2009, mdy-all,
  • BOOK, Tidridge, Nathan, Canada's Constitutional Monarchy: An Introduction to Our Form of Government, 57, Dundurn Press, Toronto, 2011, 9781459700840,weblink
  • BOOK, Dawson, R. MacGregor, Dawson, W.F., Democratic Government in Canada, 68–69, University of Toronto Press, 1989, Toronto, Buffalo, London,weblink 5, 9780802067036,
  • BOOK, Forsey, Eugene, Eugene Forsey, How Canadians Govern Themselves, 4, 34, Queen's Printer for Canada, 2005, Ottawa, 6,weblink 0-662-39689-8, May 14, 2009, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120331024514weblink">weblink March 31, 2012,
  • JOURNAL, Forsey, Helen, As David Johnson Enters Rideau Hall..., The Monitor, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, Ottawa, October 1, 2010,weblink January 23, 2011, {{tag:ref|Eugene Forsey said of this: "in Canada, the head of state can, in exceptional circumstances, protect Parliament and the people against a Prime Minister and Ministers who may forget that 'minister' means 'servant', and may try to make themselves masters. For example, the head of state could refuse to let a Cabinet dissolve a newly elected House of Commons before it could even meet, or could refuse to let Ministers bludgeon the people into submission by a continuous series of general elections,"{{harvnb| Forsey| 2005| p=26}} and Larry Zolf commented: "The Governor General must take all steps necessary to thwart the will of a ruthless prime minister prematurely calling for the death of a Parliament."NEWS, Zolf, Larry, Larry Zolf, Boxing in a Prime Minister, CBC, June 28, 2002,weblink May 11, 2013, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110120135039weblink">weblink January 20, 2011,
Examples of such actions took place during the viceregal service of the Viscount Byng of Vimy, John C. Bowen,WEB,weblink Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, The Citizen's Guide to the Alberta Legislature, Queen's Printer for Alberta, July 29, 2007,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070316121810weblink">weblink March 16, 2007, and Frank Lindsay Bastedo.ENCYCLOPEDIA, Jackson, Michael, Bastedo, Frank Lindsay (1886–1973), The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan, University of Regina, 2006,weblink May 18, 2009, |group=n|name=RP}} There are also a few duties which must be specifically performed by, or bills that require assent by, the Queen.As advisors to the sovereign, the Cabinet has significant power in the Canadian system and, as the governing party usually holds a majority of seats in the legislature, almost all bills proposed by the Cabinet are enacted. Combined with a comparatively small proportion of bills originating with individual Members of Parliament, this leads to Cabinet having almost total control over the legislative agenda of the House of Commons. Further, members of various executive agencies, heads of Crown corporations, and other officials are appointed by the Crown-in-Council, though some of these may be made only by the Governor General-in-Council specifically. Public inquiries and Royal Commissions are also called through a Royal Warrant issued by the Queen or Governor-in-Council. All Cabinet meetings are held behind closed doors and the minutes are kept confidential for thirty years, Cabinet members being forbidden from discussing what transpires. Decisions made must be unanimous, though this often occurs at the prime minister's direction, and once a decision has been reached, all Cabinet members must publicly support it. If any of these rules are violated, the offending minister is usually removed by the prime minister and, if the disagreement within the Cabinet is strong, a minister may resign, as did John Turner in 1975, over the subject of wage and price controls, and Michael Chong in 2006, over a parliamentary motion recognising "the Québécois" as a nation within Canada.However, the Cabinet's collective influence has been seen to be eclipsed by that of the prime minister alone. Former prime minister Pierre Trudeau is credited with consolidating power in the Office of the Prime Minister (PMO)JOURNAL, Geddes, John, Will the prorogation of Parliament set off a populist revolt?, Maclean's, Kenneth Whyte, Toronto, January 25, 2009,weblink 0024-9262, January 27, 2010, and, at the end of the 20th century and into the 21st, analysts—such as Jeffrey Simpson, Donald Savoie, and John Gomery—argued that both parliament and the Cabinet had become eclipsed by prime ministerial power.{{Harvnb| Brooks| 2007| p=258}} Savoie quoted an anonymous minister from the Liberal Party as saying Cabinet had become "a kind of focus group for the Prime Minister,"BOOK, Savoie, Donald, Governing from the Centre: The Concentration of Power in Canadian Politics, University of Toronto Press, 1999, Toronto, 260, 978-0-8020-8252-7, harv, {{Citation| last=Savoie| first=Donald| title=Who has the power?| newspaper=The Globe and Mail| date=May 12, 2010| url=https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/opinions/who-has-the-power/article1565091/| accessdate=May 12, 2010}} while Simpson called cabinet a "mini-sounding board".{{#tag:ref|Savoie offered the critique: "Cabinet has now joined Parliament as an institution being bypassed. Real political debate and decision-making are increasingly elsewhere—in federal-provincial meetings of first ministers, on Team Canada flights, where first ministers can hold informal meetings, in the Prime Minister's Office, in the Privy Council Office, in the Department of Finance, and in international organizations and international summits. There is no indication that the one person who holds all the cards, the prime minister, and the central agencies which enable him to bring effective political authority to the centre, are about to change things."{{Harvnb| Savoie| 1999| p=362}}|group=n|name=BNA}}BOOK, Simpson, Jeffrey, Jeffrey Simpson, The Friendly Dictatorship, McClelland & Stewart, 2001, Toronto, 248, 978-0-7710-8079-1, Coyne wrote in 2015: "Cabinet does not matter... It does not govern: that is the job of the prime minister, and of the group of political staff he has around him, and of the bureaucracy beyond them."NEWS,weblink Coyne, Andrew, Liberals' idea for gender quota in Cabinet leaves out the principle of merit, June 30, 2015, National Post, Post Media, June 30, 2015, John Robson criticised the use of the prime minister's name to identify the Cabinet, calling it a "bad habit" that "endorses while concealing the swollen pretension of the executive branch."NEWS,weblink Robson, John, Trudeau's menacing promise of electoral reform, 2 November 2015, National Post, 5 November 2015,

Shadow cabinets

Each party in Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition creates a shadow cabinet, with each member thereof observing and critiquing one or more actual Cabinet portfolios and offering alternative policies. The Official Opposition's shadow cabinet comprises members of the party not in government holding the largest number of seats and is appointed by the Leader of the Opposition; it is generally regarded as a "government in waiting". Its members are often, but not always, appointed to a Cabinet post should the leader of their party be called to form a government.

Current Cabinet

The Liberal Party of Canada won the federal election of October 19, 2015 with a majority of seats in the House of Commons. The Cabinet was sworn-in on November 4, with Justin Trudeau appointed as prime minister.The swearing in of the new Cabinet also marked the first gender-balanced cabinet in Canada's history, where an equal number of female and male Ministers were appointedweblink This was reflected in the fifteen women and fifteen men who were sworn into Cabinet on November 4, for a total of thirty-one members, including the Prime Minister himself. Trudeau has continued to maintain a gender-balanced cabinet throughout several cabinet shuffles in his mandate, and the addition of five new ministerial positions.Initially, five members of Cabinet were appointed by orders-in-council on November 4 as ministers of state, but styled without the traditional of state in their titles. These were the Ministers of Science,WEB,weblink Order in Council 2015-1225, Privy Council Office, 4 November 2015, Queen's Printer for Canada, 7 November 2015, Small Business and Tourism,WEB,weblink Order in Council 2015-1226, Privy Council Office, 4 November 2015, Queen's Printer for Canada, 7 November 2015, Sport and Persons with Disabilities,WEB,weblink Order in Council 2015-1227, Privy Council Office, 4 November 2015, Queen's Printer for Canada, 7 November 2015, Status of Women,WEB,weblink Order in Council 2015-1228, Privy Council Office, 4 November 2015, Queen's Printer for Canada, 7 November 2015, and La Francophonie.WEB,weblink Order in Council 2015-1229, Privy Council Office, 4 November 2015, Queen's Printer for Canada, 7 November 2015, (However, the new Minister of La Francophonie was, at the same time, appointed Minister of International Development.) Ministers of state had previously represented a second order within the Cabinet (determined by a lower salary as defined by the Salaries Act,WEB, Salaries Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. S-3),weblink justice.gc.ca, Department of Justice Canada,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120325032337weblink">weblink 25 March 2012, despite the Ministries and Ministers of State Act giving them full authority for any government function delegated to them.WEB, Ministries and Ministers of State Act,weblink justice.gc.ca, Justice Laws Canada,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130523112109weblink">weblink 23 May 2013, However, after details of the aforementioned orders-in-council were published, the new cabinet stated its intent for there to "be no levels of cabinet members" and it would table in parliament amendments to the salary statutes, but also that the new ministers would continue to work with the existing departments rather than forming new ones.WEB,weblink Smith, Joanna, Five Canadian female ministers of state to be full ministers, get raise, 6 November 2015, Toronto Star, 7 November 2015, On July 18, 2018 Trudeau reshuffled his cabinet. This included adding 5 new ministry positions expanding the previous size of cabinet from 30 to 35.NEWS,weblink Trudeau adds 5 new ministers in cabinet shakeup that puts focus on seniors, border security {{!, CBC News|work=CBC|access-date=2018-07-18|language=en-US}}Ministers are listed according to the Canadian order of precedence:WEB,weblink Parliament of Canada, Current Ministry (Cabinet), Queen's Printer for Canada, 7 November 2015, {| class="wikitable sortable" border="1"! Ministry! Date of Creation! Incumbent! Province! Minister Since! Precedence Date{{efn|Ministers position in the order of precedence is determined as follows: those entitled to use The Right Honourable (generally only the prime minister), ministers, associate ministers, then ministers of state, with ties broken by date sworn into the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, date became a member of the Parliament of Canada (in either the Senate of Canada or House of Commons of Canada, and finally alphabetically by last name.}}
| Prime Minister of Canada
July 1, 1867}}| Justin Trudeau| QCNovember 4, 2015}}0}}{{dtsThe Prime Minister has precedence over all other ministers. }}
| Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness
December 12, 2003}}| Ralph Goodale| SKNovember 4, 2015}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 1993}}
Minister of Agriculture (Canada)>Minister of Agriculture and Agri-FoodJanuary 12, 1995}}| Lawrence MacAulay| PENovember 4, 2015}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 1993}}
| Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations
May 18, 2011}}| Carolyn Bennett| ONNovember 4, 2015}}1}}{{dts|December 12, 2003}}
President of the Treasury Board>President of the Treasury Board and Minister of Digital GovernmentOctober 1, 1966}}|Jane Philpott| NSNovember 4, 2015}}1}}{{dts|December 12, 2003}}
|Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Northern Affairs and Internal Trade
November 14, 1993}}| Dominic LeBlanc| NBJuly 18, 2018}}1}}{{dts|July 20, 2004}}
| Minister of Innovation, Science, and Economic Development
March 29, 1995}}| Navdeep Bains| ONNovember 4, 2015}}1}}{{dts|October 7, 2005}}
Minister of Finance (Canada)>Minister of FinanceJuly 1, 1867}}| Bill Morneau| ONNovember 4, 2015}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
|Minister of Public Services and Procurement and Accessibility
July 12, 1996}}| Carla Qualtrough| BCAugust 28, 2017}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
Minister of Foreign Affairs (Canada)>Minister of Foreign AffairsNovember 4, 1993}}| Chrystia Freeland| ONJanuary 10, 2017}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
| Minister of Families, Children and Social Development
December 12, 2003}}| Jean-Yves Duclos| QCNovember 4, 2015}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
Minister of Transport (Canada)>Minister of TransportNovember 2, 1936}}| Marc Garneau| QCNovember 4, 2015}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
Minister of International Development (Canada)>Minister of International DevelopmentJanuary 25, 1996}}| Marie-Claude Bibeau| QCNovember 4, 2015}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
Minister of International Trade Diversification (Canada)>Minister of International Trade DiversificationDecember 8, 1983}}| Jim Carr| MBJuly 18, 2018}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
|Minister of Tourism, Official Languages and La Francophonie
July 18, 2018}}| Mélanie Joly| QCJuly 18, 2018}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
Minister of National Revenue (Canada)>Minister of National RevenueMarch 21, 1927}}| Diane Lebouthillier| QCNovember 4, 2015}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
Minister of the Environment and Climate Change (Canada)>Minister of Environment and Climate ChangeJune 11, 1971}}| Catherine McKenna| ONNovember 4, 2015}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
Minister of National Defence (Canada)>Minister of National DefenceJanuary 1, 1923}}| Harjit Sajjan| BCNovember 4, 2015}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
| Minister of Employment, Workforce, and Labour
June 2, 1909}}Patty Hajdu>Patricia A. Hajdu| ONJanuary 10, 2017}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
Minister of Natural Resources (Canada)>Minister of Natural ResourcesJanuary 12, 1995}}| Amarjeet Sohi| ABJuly 18, 2018}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
|Minister of Science and Sport
July 18, 2018}}| Kirsty Duncan| ONJuly 18, 2018}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
Minister of Status of Women>Minister of Status of Women and Gender EqualityJune 11, 1971}}| Maryam Monsef| ONJanuary 10, 2017}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
|Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
October 14, 1944}}| Bardish Chagger| ONAugust 19, 2016}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
|Minister of Infrastructure and Communities
November 4, 2015}}| François-Philippe Champagne| QCJuly 18, 2018}}1}}{{dts|January 10, 2017}}
| Minister of Democratic InstitutionsPresident of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada
December 12, 2003}}{{dts|July 1, 1867}}| Karina Gould| ONJanuary 10, 2017}}1}}{{dts|January 10, 2017}}
| Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship
June 30, 1994}}| Ahmed Hussen| ONJanuary 10, 2017}}1}}{{dts|January 10, 2017}}
| Minister of Indigenous Services
August 28, 2017}}|Seamus O'Regan| NLAugust 28, 2017}}1}}{{dts|November 4, 2015}}
Minister of Health (Canada)>Minister of HealthJuly 12, 1996}}| Ginette Petitpas Taylor| NBAugust 28, 2017}}1}}{{dts|August 28, 2017}}
Minister of Veterans Affairs (Canada)>Minister of Veterans AffairsAssociate Minister of National DefenceOctober 18, 1944}}|Jody Wilson-Raybould| BC| January 14, 20191}}January 14, 2019
Minister of Canadian Heritage>Minister of Canadian Heritage and Multiculturalism July 12, 1996}}Pablo Rodríguez (Canadian politician)>Pablo Rodríguez|QC|July 18, 20181}}{{dts|January 26, 2017}}
|Minister of Border Security and Organized Crime Reduction
July 18, 2018}}Bill Blair (politician)>Bill Blair|ONJuly 18, 2018}}July 18, 2018}}
|Minister of Small Business and Export Promotion
July 18, 2018}}|Mary Ng|ONJuly 18, 2018}}July 18, 2018}}
|Minister of Seniors
July 18, 2018}}|Filomena Tassi|ONJuly 18, 2018}}July 18, 2018}}
|Minister of Fisheries, Oceans, and the Canadian Coast Guard
April 2, 1979}}Jonathan Wilkinson (politician)>Jonathan Wilkinson|BCJuly 18, 2018}}July 18, 2018}}
Minister of Justice (Canada)>Minister of Justice Attorney General of Canada|July 1, 1867|David Lametti|QC|January 14, 2019|January 14, 2019
|Minister of Rural Economic Development|January 14, 2019|Bernadette Jordan|NS|January 14, 2019|January 14, 2019
Notes
{{notelist}}

Former portfolios

{{Div col|colwidth=30em}} {{div col end}}

See also

{{Wikipedia books|Canada}}

Notes

{{Reflist|group=n}}

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

{{Canexec}}{{Parliament of Canada benches}}{{Cabinet of Canada}}{{North America topic|Cabinet of |title=National cabinets of North America}}

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