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Bushehr Province

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Bushehr Province
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| coor_pinpoint =| coordinates_footnotes =List of sovereign states>CountryIran}}Regions of Iran>RegionRegion 2 (Iran)>Region 2 همشهری آنلاین-استان‌های کشور به ۵ منطقه تقسیم شدندCounties of Iran>Counties| parts_style = para| p1 = 10| established_title =| established_date =| founder =Capital (political)>Capital| seat = Bushehr| government_footnotes =| leader_party =| leader_title = governor| leader_name = Abdul Karim Grawend| unit_pref = Metric| area_footnotes =| area_total_km2 = 22743| area_note =| elevation_footnotes =| elevation_m =ACCESSDATE=2013-07-26 ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20130719211132/HTTP://WWW.AMAR.ORG.IR/DEFAULT.ASPX?TABID=115&AGENTTYPE=VIEW&PROPERTYID=848, 2013-07-19, | population_total = 1463400| population_as_of = 2016| population_density_km2 = auto| population_demonym =| population_note =Languages of Iran>Main language(s)Persian language>Persian, LurishIran Standard Time>IRST| utc_offset1 = +03:30Iran Standard Time>IRST| utc_offset1_DST = +04:30| postal_code_type =| postal_code =| area_code_type =| area_code =| iso_code =Human Development Index>HDI (2017)WEBSITE=HDI.GLOBALDATALAB.ORGACCESS-DATE=2018-09-13, {{colorvery high}} · 9th| website = | footnotes =}}Bushehr Province (, Ostān-e Būshehr ) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country, with a long coastline onto the Persian Gulf. Its center is Bushehr, the provincial capital. The province has ten counties: Asaluyeh, Bushehr, Dashtestan, Dashti, Deyr, Deylam, Jam, Kangan, Ganaveh and Tangestan. In 2011, the province had a population of approximately 1 million people.The province was put as part of Region 2 upon the division of the provinces into 5 regions solely for coordination and development purposes on June 22, 2014.

History

The Greeks knew of Bushehr by Mezambria during the battles of Nearchus. A French excavating team however in 1913 determined the origin of Bushehr to date back to the Elamite Empire. A city there, known as Lyan, contained a temple that was designed to protect the compound from naval attacks. Its remains can still be seen today 10 kilometers south of the present city of Bushehr.Marco Polo describes this region as part of the Persian province of Shabankareh. It contains the village of Saba, Iran where are buried (he was told) the three Magi which visited the Christ Child.A key turning point in the history of Bor event of significance is known to have taken place in this region until the arrival of the European colonialists in the 16th century.The Portuguese, invaded the city of Bushehr in 1506 and remained there until Shah Abbas Safavi defeated and liberated the Persian Gulf region of their presence. By 1734, Bushehr had once again risen to prominence due to Nader Shah of the Afsharid dynasty, and his military policies in The Persian Gulf.Bushehr was selected by Nader to be the central base of Nader's Naval fleet in the Persian Gulf. He thus changed the name of the city to Bandar e Naderiyeh (Nader's Port). He hired an Englishman by the name of John Elton to help build his fleet. Dutch accounts report his naval fleet to have amounted to 8000-10000 personnel as well as several ship construction installations.After Nader's death, the Dutch continued to have good commercial relations in Bushehr, until the British made their debut in Bushehr in 1763 by a contract they signed with Karim Khan of the Zand dynasty. By then, the city of Bushehr had become Iran's major port city in the Persian Gulf. By the Qajar era, Britain, Norway, Russia, Italy, France, Germany, and the Ottomans had diplomatic and commercial offices there, with Britain steadily gaining a foothold in the area. Close to 100 British ships are reported to have docked at the port city every year during the Qajar era.

2013 Bushehr earthquake

A strong earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter magnitude scale struck the town of Shonbeh and villages of Shonbeh and Tasuj District in Dashti County of Bushehr Province on 9 April 2013, killing at least 37 people.Iran quake kills 37, injures more than 850

Administrative divisions

Bushehr Province:{| border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" style="border-collapse:collapse; background:#ffffff;" bgcolor="#f0f0f0"! Map !! Province !! capital !! County !! capital {{Map of Bushehr Province}} Bushehr Bushehr Asaluyeh County>|Asaluyeh Bushehr County>|Bushehr Dashtestan County>|Borazjan Dashti County>|Khormoj Dayyer County>Bandar Dayyer>Dayyer Deylam County>|Deylam Ganaveh County>Bandar Ganaveh>Ganaveh Jam County>Jam (town)>Jam Kangan County>Bandar Kangan>Kangan Tangestan County>Ahram (town)>Ahram

Bushehr today

(File:Bushehr Barry Kent.JPG|thumb|The coast in Bushehr by the Persian Gulf.)Aside from the revived port city of Bushehr, which is the second main naval port of Iran after Bandar Abbas, Bushehr also has come back recently in the spotlight for three main reasons:

Kharg Island (Khark Island)

During the Iran-Iraq war, Iran's major petroleum exporting ports in Khuzestan sustained damages so severe that a second port in Kharg Island was selected to carry on the major responsibility of Iran's petroleum exports, though even Kharg was not immune from Iraqi air raids.

Bushehr Nuclear Reactor

{{See also|Iran's nuclear program#The Bushehr project|l1=The Bushehr project of Iran's nuclear program}}The Bushehr Light water PWR Nuclear Reactor, designed by Siemens AG, built by the Russians, is Iran's first Nuclear Power Plant reactor.

The industrial corridor of Assalouyeh

As many as 70,000 foreign engineers and technicians are currently working in this industrial zone 270 kilometers south of the provincial capital. This zone is where the nearby famous South Pars Gas field is located, where Iran has invested hundreds of millions of dollars in infrastructure. The South Pars Gas field is the world's largest natural gas field.The Assalouyeh industrial zone is deemed so lucrative that even American companies such as American Allied International Corp and Halliburton have bypassed American sanctions to become somehow involved in the zone.weblink" title="https:/-/web.archive.org/web/20050307155649weblink">weblink

Colleges and universities

Sports

Football is the most popular sports in Boushehr. Boushehr is home to a famous football team: Shahin-e Boushehr (Pars-e Jonoubi).Shahin is one of the oldest soccer team in Iran which has found in 1942. Shahin is one of the most popular teams in current Iranian football league just like Tractor-Sazi from Tabriz.Sajjad Gharibi (born 19 December 1991) is an Iranian bodybuilder.WEB, 25 May 2019, 'Scariest Man On The Planet' to fight 'Iranian Hulk' in MMA debut,weblink 22 November 2018, talksport, WEB, 25 May 2019, 'I'm ready for the challenge': 'Iranian Hulk' Sajad Gharibi announces debut MMA fight,weblink RT International, WEB, 25 May 2019, 178kg monster is an absolute weapon,weblink 23 November 2018, news.com.au, He born on Khozestan, Ahwaz, and has lived in Busher. He has become famous in world because of his special physique. His musculus volume is extraordinary for his height, 186 cm (6'2" tall), and weight, 180 kg (390 lb). He has looked like The Incredible Hulk character, because of his size, his Iranian fans have called him Iranian Hulk.NEWS, همه چیز درباره چهره شاخص این روزهای فضای مجازی,weblink 25 May 2019, Tasnimnews, tasnimnews.com, 31 May 2016, NEWS, Boon, Jon, IRANIAN HULK Sajad Gharibi aka the ‘Iranian Hulk’: He vowed to fight Isis, feasts on full English breakfasts and has a heart almost as a big as his 28-stone frame,weblink 25 May 2019, Thesun, thesun.co.uk, 22 November 2018,

Some attractions of Bushehr

(File:Bandar Genaveh Blvd.jpg|thumb|Bandar Gonaveh)Despite its unique potentials, Bushehr remains to be developed for absorbing tourists and seriously lacks the necessary investment for tourism. The city of Bushehr has 3-star hotels, an airport, and modern amenities. The Cultural heritage Organization of Iran lists up to 45 sites of historical and cultural significance in the province. Some are listed below:
  • Persian Gulf Beach(Bushehr)
  • Deje Borazjan
  • Kakhe tauke (borazjan)
  • Shahzade Ebrahim (Shazabreim)
  • Qal'eh Holandiha (The Dutch Castle)
  • Mabad Poseidon, (Poseidon's temple)
  • Gurestan Bastani (the ancient cemetery)
  • Imamzadeh Mir Mohammed Hanifeh
  • Aramgah (tomb of) Haj Mohammed Ibrahim Esfahani
  • The Old Church of Kharg Island
  • Qavam water reservoir
  • Qazi House
  • Maqbareh (tomb of) the English General
  • Shaykh Sadoon Mosque
  • The Holy Christ Church
  • House of Raies Ali Delvari
  • House of Malik
  • The ancient site of Ray-Shahr which is located 8 km south of Bushehr.
  • Tomb of Abdul mohaymrn
  • House Darya Baygui
  • House of Dehdashti
  • Castle of Khormuj

Literature

Bushehr has been home to some famous poets. Among them are Faiez Dashti (Dashtestani) (1830-1919) and Manouchehr Atashi. Faiez poems, and dashti(or dashtestani) literature in general, resemble Baba Taher's works. Sadeq Chubak and Najaf Daryabandari are among the most prominent writers in literature of Bushehr.

References

{{reflist}}

External links

{{commons category|Bushehr Province}} {{Geographic location|Centre = Bushehr Province|North = Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province|Northeast = Fars Province|East = |Southeast = Hormozgan Province|South = |Southwest = Persian Gulf|West = |Northwest = Khuzestan Province}}{{Bushehr Province }}{{Provinces of Iran}}{{authority control}}

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