aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{hatnote|For the reddish color, see Burgundy (color). For other uses, see Burgundy (disambiguation) and Bourgogne (disambiguation).}}{{Use dmy dates|date=July 2013}}{{multiple issues|{{refimprove|date=August 2016}}{{rewrite lead|reason=it does not summarise the article, and the content that does appear is almost entirely without sources in the main body of the article | date=February 2017}}}}

| subdivision_type = CountryFrance}}| extinct_title = Dissolved| extinct_date = 2016-01-01Prefectures in France>Prefecture| seat = DijonDepartments of France>Departments| parts_style = list| parts = 4| p1 = Côte-d'Or| p2 = Saône-et-Loire| p3 = Yonne| p4 = NièvreSocialist Party (France)>PSPresident of the Regional Council (France)>President| leader_name = François Patriat| area_footnotes = | area_total_km2 = 31582| area_land_km2 = | area_water_km2 = | population_footnotes = | population_total = 1631000| population_as_of = 2008-01-01| population_density_km2 = auto| population_demonym = Central European Time>CET| utc_offset1 = +01:00Central European Summer Time>CEST| utc_offset1_DST = +02:00Gross domestic product>GDP (2012){{cn|date=February 2017}}List of French regions and overseas collectivities by GDP>Ranked 16th| blank1_name_sec1 = Total| blank1_info_sec1 = €42.7 billion (US$55.0 bn)| blank2_name_sec1 = Per capita| blank2_info_sec1 = €25,996 (US$33,436)First level NUTS of the European Union#France>NUTS Region| blank_info_sec2 = FR2| website =| iso_code = FR-D| footnotes = }}Burgundy ({{IPAc-en|ˈ|b|Éœr|g|É™n|d|i}}; {{IPA-fr|buʁɡɔɲ||fr-Bourgogne.ogg}}) is a historical territory and a former administrative region of east-central France. It takes its name from the Burgundians, an East Germanic people who moved westwards beyond the Rhine during the late Roman period.Poupardin, René, EB1911, Burgundy, Historically, "Burgundy" has referred to numerous political entities, including kingdoms and duchies spanning territory from the Mediterranean to the Low Countries.{{citation needed (lead)|date=February 2017}} Since January 2016, the name Burgundy has referred to a specific part of the French administrative region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, an entity comprising four departments: Côte-d'Or, Saône-et-Loire, Yonne, and Nièvre.{{citation needed (lead)|date=February 2017}}


{{unreferenced section|date=August 2016}}File:Cratère de Vix 0023.jpg|thumb|100px|right|The Vix Krater, a Greek wine-mixing vessel found in the Vix GraveVix GraveFile:Blason fr Bourgogne.svg|thumb|100px|right|Coat of armsCoat of armsThe first recorded inhabitants of the area that became Burgundy were Celts, who were eventually incorporated in the Roman Empire as Gallo-Romans.During the 4th century, the Burgundians, a Germanic people, who may have originated in Bornholm (on the Baltic Sea), settled in the western Alps. They founded the Kingdom of the Burgundians, which was conquered in the 6th century by another Germanic tribe, the Franks. (File:Burgundy province.png|thumb|100px|right|Map of France showing Burgundy and provincial boundaries in 1789)Under Frankish dominion, the Kingdom of Burgundy continued for several centuries.Later, the region was divided between the Duchy of Burgundy (to the west) and the Free County of Burgundy (to the east). The Duchy of Burgundy is the better-known of the two, later becoming the French province of Burgundy, while the County of Burgundy became the French province of Franche-Comté, literally meaning free county.Burgundy's modern existence is rooted in the dissolution of the Frankish Empire. In the 880s, there were four Burgundies, which were the Kingdom of Upper and Lower Burgundy, the duchy and the county.During the Middle Ages, Burgundy was home to some of the most important Western churches and monasteries, including those of Cluny, Cîteaux, and Vézelay. Cluny, founded in 910, exerted a strong influence in Europe for centuries. The first Cistercian abbey was founded in 1098 in Cîteaux. Over the next century, hundreds of Cistercian abbeys were founded throughout Europe, in a large part due to the charisma and influence of Bernard of Clairvaux. The Abbey of Fontenay, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is today the best-preserved Cistercian abbey in Burgundy. The Abbey of Vezelay, also a UNESCO site, is still a starting point for pilgrimages to Santiago de Compostela.WEB,weblink Burgundy, 2018, Paris Digest, 2018-08-10, Cluny was almost totally destroyed during the French Revolution.During the Hundred Years' War, King John II of France gave the duchy to his youngest son, Philip the Bold. The duchy soon became a major rival to the crown. The court in Dijon outshone the French court both economically and culturally. In 1477, at the battle of Nancy during the Burgundian Wars, the last duke Charles the Bold was killed in battle, and the Duchy itself was annexed by France and became a province. However the northern part of the empire was taken by the Austrian Habsburgs.With the French Revolution in the end of the 18th century, the administrative units of the provinces disappeared, but were reconstituted as regions during the Fifth Republic in the 1970s. The modern-day administrative region comprises most of the former duchy.


{{unreferenced section|date=February 2017}}(File:Carte de la Bourgogne (Relief).svg|thumb|right|alt=Map of Burgundy|Map of Burgundy)File:Arboretum, lac de Pezanin.jpeg|thumb|right|Arboretum de PézaninArboretum de PézaninThe region of Burgundy is both larger than the old Duchy of Burgundy and smaller than the area ruled by the Dukes of Burgundy, from the modern Netherlands to the border of Auvergne. Today, Burgundy is made up of the old provinces:
  • Burgundy: Côte-d'Or, Saône-et-Loire, and southern half of Yonne. This corresponds to the old duchy of Burgundy (later called province of Burgundy). However, the old county of Burgundy (later called province of Franche-Comté) is not included inside the Burgundy region, but it makes up the Franche-Comté region. Also, a small part of the duchy of Burgundy (province of Burgundy) is now inside the Champagne-Ardenne region.
  • Nivernais: now the department of Nièvre.
  • the northern half of Yonne is a territory that was not part of Burgundy (at least not since the 11th century), and was a frontier between Champagne, ÃŽle-de-France, and Orléanais, being part of each of these provinces at different times in history.

Major communities

(File:Place_du_Bareuzai.jpg|thumb|Dijon, Place du Bareuzai)(File:Usines_du_creusot.jpg|thumb|Le Creusot){{div col|colwidth=22em}} {{div col end}}


The climate of this region is essentially oceanic (Cfb in Köppen classification), with a continental influence (sometimes called a "half-continental climate").{{cn|date=February 2017}}


(File:Conseil Régional de Bourgogne 02.JPG|thumb|right|Seat of the regional council of Burgundy in Dijon)The regional council of Burgundy was the legislative assembly of the region, located in the capital city Dijon at 17 boulevard de la Trémouille until its merger to form the regional council of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

Culture and livelihoods

{{unsourced section|date=February 2017}}File:Meursault,Burgundy.jpg|thumb|Chardonnay vineyards in the south of the Côte de Beaune surrounding the town of MeursaultMeursault{{see also|Burgundy wine}}Burgundy is one of France's main wine producing areas. It is well known for both its red and white wines, mostly made from Pinot noir and Chardonnay grapes, respectively, although other grape varieties can be found, including Gamay, Aligote, Pinot blanc, and Sauvignon blanc. The region is divided into the Côte-d'Or, where the most expensive and prized Burgundies are found, and Beaujolais, Chablis, the Côte Chalonnaise and Mâcon. The reputation and quality of the top wines, together with the fact that they are often produced in small quantities, has led to high demand and high prices, with some Burgundies ranking among the most expensive wines in the world.With regard to cuisine, the region is famous for the Burgundian dishes coq au vin, beef bourguignon, and époisses de Bourgogne cheese.Tourist sites of Burgundy include the Rock of Solutré, the Tournus cathedral, Cluny, Brancion, the castles of Cormatin and Couches, the palace of the dukes of Burgundy in Dijon, the Pézanin Arboretum (in Dompierre-les-Ormes), and Vézelay Abbey.Earlier, the southeastern part of Burgundy was heavily industrial, with coal mines near Montceau-les-Mines and iron foundries and crystal works in Le Creusot. These industries declined in the second half of the twentieth century, and Le Creusot has tried to reinvent itself as a tourist town.



Further reading

  • BOOK, Burgundy, What a Story!, Bernard, Lecomte, Jean-Louis, Thouart, de Bourogne, 2004, 978-2-902650-02-6, harv,
  • BOOK, Davies, Norman, Vanished Kingdoms: The History of Half-Forgotten Europe, London, Allan Lane, 2011, Ch.3 : Burgundia: Five, Six or Seven Kingdoms (c. 411-1795), pp.85–150, English, 978-0-141-04886-4,
  • FRENCH LAW, n° 2015-29, 16 janvier 2015, relative à la délimitation des régions, aux élections régionales et départementales et modifiant le calendrier électoral, French,weblink
  • WEB,weblink Produits intérieurs bruts régionaux et valeurs ajoutées régionales de 1990 à 2012, INSEE, 2014-03-04,

External links

  • {{wikivoyage-inline|Burgundy}}
  • {{wiktionary-inline}}
  • {{commonsinline}}
  • {{en icon}} weblink" title="">Burgundy : history in the open air—Official French website
  • {{fr icon}} weblink" title="">Burgundy statistics on INSEE website
  • {{fr icon}} weblink" title="">Regional Council website
  • {{en icon}} Short guide to Burgundy with main tourist attractions
  • {{en icon}} {{ODP|Regional/Europe/France/Regions/Burgundy|Burgundy}}
  • {{CathEncy|wstitle=Burgundy|short=x}}
  • NSRW, Burgundy, x,
{{Regions of France|former}}{{Historic Provinces of France}}{{Authority control}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Burgundy" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 2:05am EDT - Sun, Oct 20 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
M.R.M. Parrott