Bruce Springsteen

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Bruce Springsteen
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{{short description|American singer and songwriter}}{{Redirect|Springsteen}}{{pp-move-indef}}{{BLP sources|date=August 2019}}{{Use mdy dates|date=December 2018}}

| birth_place = Long Branch, New Jersey, U.S.Colts Neck Township, New Jersey>Colts Neck Township, New Jersey, U.S.Rumson, New Jersey, U.S.Los Angeles, California, U.S.Wellington, Florida, U.S.
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • musician
{edih} }}Jessica Springsteen>}}




    {edih}| years_active = 1964–presentColumbia Records>Columbia {edih}}}}}Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen (born September 23, 1949) is an American singer, songwriter, and musician who is both a solo artist and the leader of the E Street Band. He received critical acclaim for his early 1970s albums and attained worldwide fame upon the release of Born to Run in 1975. During a career that has spanned five decades,NEWS,weblink In a Culture War Over the Military, Bruce Springsteen Stands Alone, Time, Springsteen has become known for his poetic and socially conscious lyrics and lengthy, energetic stage performances, earning the nickname "The Boss". He has recorded both rock albums and folk-oriented works, and his lyrics often address the experiences and struggles of working-class Americans.Springsteen has sold more than 135 million records worldwide and more than 64 million records in the United States, making him one of the world's best-selling music artists. His best-known songs include "Born to Run" (1975), "Thunder Road" (1975), "Badlands" (1978), "Hungry Heart" (1980), "Dancing in the Dark" (1984), "Born in the U.S.A." (1984), "Glory Days" (1985), "Brilliant Disguise" (1987), "Human Touch" (1992), and "Streets of Philadelphia" (1994). He has earned numerous awards for his work, including 20 Grammy Awards, two Golden Globes, an Academy Award, and a Tony Award (for Springsteen on Broadway). Springsteen was inducted into both the Songwriters Hall of Fame and the Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame in 1999, received the Kennedy Center Honors in 2009, was named MusiCares person of the year in 2013, and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama in 2016.

    Early life

    Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen was born at Monmouth Medical Center in Long Branch, New Jersey, on September 23, 1949.BOOK, Cross, Charles R., Backstreets: Springsteen – the man and his music, Harmony Books, 1992, 40, 0-517-58929-X, He is of Dutch and Irish descent through his father, and Italian through his mother. He spent his childhood in Freehold, New Jersey, where he lived on South Street. His father, Douglas Frederick "Dutch" Springsteen (1924–1998),WEB,weblink 9 things you may not have known about Bruce Springsteen, Fiona, Flynn,, February 6, 2019, worked as a bus driver among other things; he suffered from mental health issues through his life which worsened in his later years.Andy Green, Bruce Springsteen’s Enthralling New Memoir: 10 Things We Learned, Rolling Stone, September 27, 2016 Springsteen's mother, Adele Ann (née Zerilli), was a legal secretary whom Springsteen has said was the main breadwinner in the family.WEB,weblink Italian American Contributions, June 21, 2013, National Italian American Foundation, dead,weblink May 20, 2013, He has two younger sisters named Virginia and Pamela. The latter had a brief acting career, but left to pursue photography full-time; she later took photos for his albums Human Touch, Lucky Town, and The Ghost of Tom Joad.Springsteen's Italian maternal grandfather was born in Vico Equense.WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen Falls In Love With Chocolate Guitar From Sicily, Carol, King, June 5, 2013, ITALY Magazine, January 11, 2019, He emigrated through Ellis Island, and could not read or write when he arrived. He eventually became a lawyer, and impressed the young Springsteen as being larger than life.Bruce Springsteen accepts Ellis Island award with mother and aunts. Video. Published July 16, 2014. Accessed May 1, 2019. Springsteen's last name is topographic and of Dutch origin, literally translating to "jumping stone" but more generally meaning a kind of stone used as a (wikt:stepping stone|stepping stone) in unpaved streets or between two houses.WEB,weblink Celebrity Baby Names: Paul Stanley – Family Education, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 9, 2016, The Springsteens were among the early Dutch families who settled in the colony of New Netherland in the 1600s.WEB,weblink Dutch Docu Channel,, {{better source|date=August 2019}}Raised a Catholic, Springsteen attended the St. Rose of Lima Catholic school in Freehold, where he was at odds with the nuns and rejected the strictures imposed upon him, even though some of his later music reflects a Catholic ethos and includes a few rock-influenced, traditional Irish-Catholic hymns.Glory Days: Bruce Springsteen in the 1980s. Dave Marsh, 1987, pg. 88–89. In a 2012 interview, he explained that it was his Catholic upbringing rather than political ideology that most influenced his music. He noted in the interview that his faith had given him a "very active spiritual life" but joked that this "made it very difficult sexually". He added, "Once a Catholic, always a Catholic."Editors, "Boss Talk," The Tablet, February 25, 2012. He grew up hearing fellow New Jersey singer Frank Sinatra on the radio and became interested in being a musician himself when, in 1956 and 1957, at the age of seven, he saw Elvis Presley on The Ed Sullivan Show. Soon after, his mother rented him a guitar from Mike Diehl's Music in Freehold for $6 a week, but it failed to provide him with the instant gratification he desired.Springsteen: Saint In The City: 1949–1974 by Craig Statham. Soundcheck Books, 2013, pp8-9. {{ISBN|978-0957144231}}.In ninth grade, Springsteen began attending the public Freehold High School, but did not fit in there either. Former teachers have said he was a "loner who wanted nothing more than to play his guitar". He graduated in 1967, but felt like such an outsider that he skipped the ceremony.Springsteen. Robert Hilburn, 1985, p. 28. He briefly attended Ocean County College, but dropped out. Called for conscription in the U.S. Army when he was 19, Springsteen failed the physical examination and did not serve in the Vietnam War. He had suffered a concussion in a motorcycle accident when he was 17, and this, together with his "crazy" behavior at induction, made him unacceptable for service.WEB, April 21, 2009,weblink" title="">weblink The Rolling Stone Interview: Bruce Springsteen, Loder, Kurt, December 6, 1984, Rolling Stone, March 21, 2010, dead,weblink


    1964–1972: Early years

    {{anchor|The Castiles}}, CBS News, February 6, 2014.}}In 1964, Springsteen saw the Beatles' appearances on the Ed Sullivan Show. Inspired, he bought his first guitar for $18.95 at the Western Auto Appliance Store.Springsteen: Saint In The City: 1949–1974 by Craig Statham. Soundcheck Books, 2013, pp12-13. {{ISBN|978-0957144231}}. Thereafter, he started playing for audiences with a band called the Rogues at local venues such as the Elks Lodge in Freehold.WEB,weblink Bruce, Peter Ames, Carlin, October 30, 2012, Simon and Schuster, Google Books, In late 1964, Springsteen's mother took out a loan to buy him a $60 Kent guitar. Springsteen later memorialized this act in his song "The Wish". The following year, he went to the house of Tex and Marion Vinyard, who sponsored young bands in town. They helped him become the lead guitarist and subsequently one of the lead singers of the Castiles. The Castiles recorded two original songs at a public recording studio in Brick Township and played a variety of venues, including Cafe Wha? in Greenwich Village. Marion Vinyard said that she believed the young Springsteen when he promised he would make it big.BOOK, Springsteen: Saint In The City: 1949–1974, Statham, Craig, Soundcheck Books, 2013, 978-0957144231, WEB,weblink Musicians' best friends to be honored in Freehold, News Transcript, New Jersey, April 17, 2002, June 9, 2012, dead,weblink" title="">weblink February 23, 2009, File:Beach tickets.JPG|thumb|Ordinary life in New Jersey beach towns such as Asbury Park is the background to Springsteen's early lyrics]]In the late 1960s, Springsteen performed briefly in a power trio known as Earth, playing in clubs in New Jersey, with one major show at the Hotel Diplomat in New York City. From 1969 through early 1971, Springsteen performed with Steel Mill (originally called Child), which included Danny Federici, Vini Lopez, Vinnie Roslin, and later Steve Van Zandt and Robbin Thompson. During this time, he performed regularly at venues on the Jersey Shore, in Richmond, Virginia,NEWS, The Boss Growing Up in Richmond,weblink The Commonwealth Times, April 29, 1986, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 2, 2015, Nashville, Tennessee, and a set of gigs in California, quickly gathering a cult following. San Francisco Examiner music critic Philip Elwood gave Springsteen credibility in his glowing assessment of Steel Mill: "I have never been so overwhelmed by a totally unknown talent." Elwood went on to praise their "cohesive musicality" and, in particular, singled out Springsteen as "a most impressive composer".{{citation needed|date=August 2019}} Over the next two years, as Springsteen sought to shape a unique and genuine musical and lyrical style, he performed with Dr. Zoom & the Sonic Boom (early- to mid-1971), the Sundance Blues Band (mid-1971), and the Bruce Springsteen Band (mid-1971 to mid-1972).Santelli, R. Greetings from E Street (book)Springsteen's prolific songwriting ability (with "more words in some individual songs than other artists had in whole albums", as his future record label would describe it in early publicity campaigns) brought his skills to the attention of several people who were about to change his life: New managers Mike Appel and Jim Cretecos, who in turn brought him to the attention of Columbia Records talent scout John Hammond. Hammond auditioned Springsteen in May 1972.WEB,weblink Revisiting Bruce Springsteen's Columbia Records Audition, Dave, Lifton, Ultimate Classic Rock, In October 1972, he formed a new band for the recording of his debut album, Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J. The band eventually became known as the E Street Band, although the name was not used until September 1974.NEWS,weblink The Band on Bruce: Their Springsteen, Fricke, David, Rolling Stone, January 21, 2009, February 7, 2009, David Fricke,weblink" title="">weblink January 25, 2009, dead, WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen Bands: from Rogues to E Street Band, passing from Castiles and Steel Mill,, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 3, 2016, Springsteen acquired the nickname "The Boss" during this period, as he took on the task of collecting his band's nightly pay and distributing it amongst his bandmates.NEWS,weblink What's in a nickname?, Brett, Oliver, BBC News, January 21, 2009, January 15, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 18, 2009, The nickname also reportedly sprang from games of Monopoly that Springsteen would play with other Jersey Shore musicians.NEWS, Marchand, Francois, Review: Bruce Springsteen rocks like a boss in Vancouver,weblink September 7, 2014, Vancouver Sun, November 29, 2012, live,weblink" title="">weblink August 30, 2017,

    1972–1974: Initial struggle for success

    Springsteen was signed to Columbia Records in 1972 by Clive Davis, after having initially piqued the interest of John Hammond, who had signed Bob Dylan to the same label a decade earlier. Despite the expectations of Columbia Records' executives that Springsteen would record an acoustic album, he brought many of his New Jersey-based colleagues into the studio with him, thus forming the E Street Band (although it would not be formally named for several months). His debut album Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J., released in January 1973, established him as a critical favorite,WEB, Lester, Bangs,weblink Greetings From Asbury Park, NJ, July 5, 1973, Rolling Stone, March 21, 2010, Lester Bangs,weblink" title="">weblink September 19, 2008, dead, though sales were slow.Because of Springsteen's lyrical poeticism and folk rock-rooted music exemplified on tracks like "Blinded by the Light""Blinded by the Light" would later be a hit for Manfred Mann and reach No. 1, the only time Springsteen had a No. 1 single as a songwriter. and "For You", as well as the Columbia and Hammond connections, critics initially compared Springsteen to Bob Dylan. "He sings with a freshness and urgency I haven't heard since I was rocked by 'Like a Rolling Stone'" wrote Crawdaddy magazine editor Peter Knobler in Springsteen's first interview/profile in March 1973. Photographs for that original profile were taken by Ed Gallucci.WEB,weblink Ed Gallucci Photography, Ed Gallucci Photography, March 17, 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 11, 2014, WEB,weblink Glory Days: A Bruce Springsteen Symposium. Monmouth University,, March 17, 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink April 2, 2015, Crawdaddy discovered Springsteen in the rock press and was his earliest champion. Knobler profiled him in Crawdaddy three times, in 1973, 1975 and 1978.WEB,weblink History of Crawdaddy,, March 21, 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink August 5, 2009, (Springsteen and the E Street Band acknowledged the magazine's support by giving a private performance at the Crawdaddy 10th Anniversary Party in New York City in June 1976.)NEWS,weblink Crawdaddy Party Mirrors Magazine, The New York Times, Rockwell, John, May 9, 1976, March 21, 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink November 2, 2012, Music critic Lester Bangs wrote in Creem in 1975 that when Springsteen's first album was released "...{{nbsp}}many of us dismissed it: he wrote like Bob Dylan and Van Morrison, sang like Van Morrison and Robbie Robertson, and led a band that sounded like Van Morrison's".WEB, Lester, Bangs,weblink Hot Rod Rumble in the Promised Land, November 1975, Creem, March 21, 2010,weblink" title="">weblink August 4, 2002, dead, In September 1973, Springsteen's second album, The Wild, the Innocent & the E Street Shuffle, was released, again to critical acclaim but no commercial success. Springsteen's songs became grander in form and scope, with the E Street Band providing a less folksy, more R&B vibe, and the lyrics often romanticized teenage street life. "4th of July, Asbury Park (Sandy)" and "Incident on 57th Street" would become fan favorites, and the long, rousing "Rosalita (Come Out Tonight)" continues to rank among Springsteen's most beloved concert numbers.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}In the May 22, 1974, issue of Boston's The Real Paper music critic Jon Landau wrote, after seeing a performance at the Harvard Square Theater, "I saw rock and roll future, and its name is Bruce Springsteen. And on a night when I needed to feel young, he made me feel like I was hearing music for the very first time."NEWS, Landau, Jon, May 22, 1974,weblink Growing Young With Rock and Roll, The Real Paper, March 21, 2010, Jon Landau, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 16, 2010, Landau helped to finish the epic new album Born to Run and subsequently became Springsteen's manager and producer. Given an enormous budget in a last-ditch effort at a commercially viable record, Springsteen became bogged down in the recording process while striving for a "Wall of Sound" production. But when his manager, Mike Appel, orchestrated the release of an early mix of "Born to Run" to nearly a dozen radio stations, anticipation built toward the album's release.WEB, Masur, Louis P., Runaway Dream: Born to Run and Bruce Springsteen's American Vision,weblink Bloomsbury Publishing USA, November 8, 2016, en, August 31, 2010, The album took more than 14 months to record, with six months spent on the song "Born to Run". During this time, Springsteen battled with anger and frustration over the album, saying he heard "sounds in [his] head" that he could not explain to the others in the studio. It was during a recording session of "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out", on July 13, 1975, that Steve Van Zandt was asked by Springsteen and Jon Landau to take charge and instruct the horn players. They both knew he was playing guitar and managing Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes, who had the sound they were looking for. Van Zandt "sang each horn player his part, with the lines, the timing and the inflection all perfect. The musicians played their parts, and the horns were recorded. When they'd finished, Springsteen turned to Mike Appel. "Okay," he said. "It's time to put the boy on the payroll. I've been meaning to tell you — he’s the new guitar player."BOOK, Marsh, Dave, Bruce Springsteen: Two Hearts: The Definitive Biography, 1972–2003, 2004, Routledge, United States, 0-203-49470-9, 94, Van Zandt joined the E Street Band a week later on July 20, the opening night of the Born to Run tour. He also helped Springsteen perfect "Born to Run" by adding its memorable guitar line. In the 2005 documentary Wings for Wheels,WEB, Wings For Wheels 2005,weblink Youtube, Sony, 22 June 2019, Blu-Ray 2005, Springsteen called his friend's input on the track "arguably Steve's greatest contribution to my music."{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}The album was completed on July 25, but at the end of the grueling recording sessions Springsteen was not satisfied, and upon first hearing the finished album, threw it into the alley; another master was so bad that Bruce flung it out of his hotel room window and into a river. He was going to scrap half of it, he told Appel, and substitute live recordings from upcoming dates at The Bottom Line in New York (a place he often played).BOOK, Dave Marsh, Marsh, Dave, Bruce Springsteen: Two Hearts: The Definitive Biography, 1972–2003, Routledge, 2003, 14, 203, etc., 0-415-96928-X,

    1975–1983: Breakthrough

    On August 13, 1975, Springsteen and the E Street Band began a five-night, 10-show stand at New York's The Bottom Line club. This attracted major media attention and was broadcast live on WNEW-FM. Decades later, Rolling Stone magazine would name the stand as one of the 50 Moments That Changed Rock and Roll.WEB, June 24, 2004,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink December 4, 2007, The Moments, Rolling Stone, Born to Run was released on August 25, 1975. It proved to be a breakthrough albumWEB,weblink How Bruce Springsteen Made ‘Born To Run’ an American Masterpiece, August 25, 2015, WEB,weblink Springsteen Looks Back On 'Born to Run', Ashley, Kahn, WSJ, WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen looks for mercy and deliverance in new album ‘Western Stars’, June 20, 2019, America Magazine, that catapulted Springsteen to worldwide fame.WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen's 'Born to Run' Turns 30, Brian, Hiatt, Brian, Hiatt, November 17, 2005, July 4, 2019,weblink September 25, 2019, dead, The album peaked at No. 3 on the Billboard 200, and while reception at US top 40 radio outlets for the album's two singles was not overwhelming ("Born to Run" reached a modest No. 23 on the Billboard charts, and "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out" peaked at No. 83), almost every track on the album received album-oriented rock airplay, especially "Born to Run", "Thunder Road", "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out," and "Jungleland", all of which remain perennial favorites on many classic rock stations.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}} In October 1975, Springsteen appeared on the covers of both Newsweek and Time in the same week.WEB,weblink See Rare Bruce Springsteen Photos From 'Born to Run' Era, Andy, Greene, Rolling, Stone, October 27, 2015, WEB,weblink Revisiting Bruce Springsteen's 'Time’ and ‘Newsweek’ Covers, Dave, Lifton, Ultimate Classic Rock, So great did the wave of publicity become that he eventually rebelled against it during his first venture overseas, tearing down promotional posters before a concert appearance in London.WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen, Emirates Stadium, London, Ian, Gittins, June 1, 2008,, (File:Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band 1977.jpg|thumb|Springsteen and the E Street Band, 1977)A legal battle with former manager Mike Appel kept Springsteen out of the studio for nearly a year, during which time he kept the E Street Band together through extensive touring across the U.S. Despite the optimistic fervor with which he often performed, Springsteen's new songs sounded more somber than much of his previous work. Reaching settlement with Appel in 1977, Springsteen returned to the studio, and the subsequent sessions produced Darkness on the Edge of Town (1978). Musically, this album was a turning point in Springsteen's career. Gone were the raw, rapid-fire lyrics, outsized characters, and long, multi-part musical compositions of the first three albums; the songs were leaner and more carefully drawn and began to reflect Springsteen's growing intellectual and political awareness. The cross-country 1978 tour to promote the album would become legendary for the intensity and length of its shows.NEWS,weblink Faux Americana, Why I still love Bruce Springsteen., Metcalf, Stephen, May 2, 2005, Slate, October 30, 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink November 1, 2013, By the late 1970s, Springsteen had earned a reputation in the pop world as a songwriter whose material could provide hits for other bands. Manfred Mann's Earth Band had achieved a US No. 1 pop hit with a heavily rearranged version of Greetings{{'}} "Blinded by the Light" in early 1977. Patti Smith reached No. 13 with her take on Springsteen's unreleased "Because the Night" (with revised lyrics by Smith) in 1978, while The Pointer Sisters hit No. 2 in 1979 with Springsteen's also unreleased "Fire". Between 1976-1978, Springsteen provided four compositions to Southside Johnny & the Asbury Jukes, including "The Fever" and "Hearts of Stone", and collaborated on four more with Steven Van Zandt, producer of their first three albums.BOOK, Carlin, Peter, Bruce, 2012, Simon & Schuster,weblink New York, 20 August 2019, In September 1979, Springsteen and the E Street Band joined the Musicians United for Safe Energy anti-nuclear power collective at Madison Square Garden for two nights, playing an abbreviated set while premiering two songs from his upcoming album. The subsequent No Nukes live album, as well as the following summer's No Nukes documentary film, represented the first official recordings and footage of Springsteen's fabled live act, as well as Springsteen's first tentative dip into political involvement.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}Springsteen continued to focus on working-class life with the 20-song double album The River in 1980, which included an intentionally paradoxical range of material from good-time party rockers to emotionally intense ballads, and finally yielded his first hit Top Ten single as a performer, "Hungry Heart".WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen reveals he wrote 'Hungry Heart' for the Ramones,, The album sold well, becoming his first No. 1 on the Billboard Pop Albums chart.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}The River was followed in 1982 by the stark solo acoustic Nebraska. According to the Marsh biographies, Springsteen was depressed when he wrote this material, and the result is a brutal depiction of American life. While Nebraska did not sell as well as Springsteen's three previous albums, it garnered widespread critical praise (including being named "Album of the Year" by Rolling Stone magazine's critics) and influenced later works by other major artists, including U2's album The Joshua Tree.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}

    1984–1991: Commercial and popular phenomenon

    Springsteen is probably best known for his album Born in the U.S.A. (1984), which sold 15 million copies in the U.S., 30 million worldwide, and became one of the best-selling albums of all time with seven singles hitting the Top 10. The title track was a bitter commentary on the treatment of Vietnam veterans, some of whom were Springsteen's friends. The lyrics in the verses were entirely unambiguous when listened to, but the anthemic music and the title of the song made it hard for many, from politicians to the common person, to get the lyrics—except those in the chorus, which could be read many ways.Guterman, Jimmy. Runaway American Dream, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Da Capo Press, 2005. 153. The song made a huge political impact, as he was advocating for the rights of the common working-class man.WEB, How Ronald Reagan Changed Bruce Springsteen's Politics,weblink Politico, December 14, 2015, live,weblink" title="">weblink December 20, 2015, The song was widely misinterpreted as jingoistic, and in connection with the 1984 presidential campaign became the subject of considerable folklore. In 1984, conservative columnist George Will attended a Springsteen concert and then wrote a column praising Springsteen's work ethic. Six days after the column was printed, in a campaign rally in Hammonton, New Jersey, Reagan said, "America's future rests in a thousand dreams inside your hearts. It rests in the message of hope in the songs of a man so many young Americans admire—New Jersey's own, Bruce Springsteen." Two nights later, at a concert in Pittsburgh, Springsteen told the crowd, "Well, the president was mentioning my name in his speech the other day and I kind of got to wondering what his favorite album of mine must've been, you know? I don't think it was the Nebraska album. I don't think he's been listening to this one." He then began playing "Johnny 99", with its allusions to closing factories and criminals.NEWS, Dolan, Marc, How Ronald Reagan Changed Bruce Springsteen's Politics,weblink July 28, 2014, Politico, April 6, 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink August 9, 2014, "Dancing in the Dark" was the biggest of seven hit singles from Born in the U.S.A., peaking at No. 2 on the Billboard music charts. The video for the song showed a young Courteney Cox dancing on stage with Springsteen, which helped start the actress's career. The song "Cover Me" was written by Springsteen for Donna Summer, but his record company persuaded him to keep it for the new album. A big fan of Summer's work, Springsteen wrote another song for her, "Protection". Videos for the album were directed by Brian De Palma and John Sayles. Springsteen played on the "We Are the World" song and album in 1985. His live single "Trapped" from that album received moderate airplay on US Top 40 stations as well as reaching No. 1 on the Billboard Top Rock Tracks chart.BOOK,weblink Billboard, Google Books, May 11, 1985, August 21, 2011, File:Bruce Springsteen 1988.jpg|thumb|Springsteen at Félix Houphouët-Boigny International Airport in Ivory Coast during Amnesty International's 1988 Human Rights Now! TourHuman Rights Now! TourThe Born in the U.S.A. period represented the height of Springsteen's visibility in popular culture and the broadest audience he would ever reach (aided by the release of Arthur Baker's dance mixes of three of the singles). From June 15 to August 10, 1985, all seven of his albums appeared on the UK Albums Chart: the first time an artist had charted their entire back catalogue simultaneously.Roberts, David. The Guinness Book of British Hit Albums, p444. Guinness Publishing Ltd. 7th edition (1996). {{ISBN|0-85112-619-7}}Live/1975–85, a five-record box set (also on three cassettes or three CDs), was released near the end of 1986 and became the first box set to debut at No. 1 on the U.S. album charts. It is one of the most commercially successful live albums of all time, ultimately selling 13 million units in the U.S. During the 1980s, several Springsteen fanzines were launched, including Backstreets magazine.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}Springsteen released the much more sedate and contemplative Tunnel of Love album in 1987. The album is a mature reflection on the many faces of love found, lost and squandered, which only selectively used the E Street Band.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}} File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1988-0719-38, Bruce Springsteen, Konzert in der DDR.jpg|thumb|left|upright|Springsteen performing on the Tunnel of Love Express Tour at the Radrennbahn WeißenseeRadrennbahn WeißenseeOn July 19, 1988, Springsteen held a concert in East Germany that attracted 300,000 spectators. Journalist Erik Kirschbaum has called the concert "the most important rock concert ever, anywhere", in his 2013 book Rocking the Wall. Bruce Springsteen: The Berlin Concert That Changed the World. It had been conceived by the Socialist Unity Party's youth wing in an attempt to placate the youth of East Germany, who were hungry for more freedom and the popular music of the West. However, it is Kirschbaum's opinion that the success of the concert catalyzed opposition to the regime in the DDR, and helped contribute to the fall of the Berlin Wall the following year.NEWS
    , Der Spiegel
    , Crossland
    , David
    , Chimes of Freedom: How Springsteen Helped Tear Down the Wall
    , June 19, 2013
    , June 20, 2013
    , live
    ,weblink" title="">weblink
    , June 20, 2013
    , Later in 1988, Springsteen headlined the worldwide Human Rights Now! tour for Amnesty International. In late 1989, he dissolved the E Street Band.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}

    1992–1998: Ups, downs, and soundtracks

    In 1992, after risking fan accusations of "going Hollywood" by moving to Los Angeles and working with session musicians, Springsteen released two albums at once: Human Touch and Lucky Town.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}An electric band appearance on the acoustic MTV Unplugged television program (later released as In Concert/MTV Plugged) was poorly received and cemented fan dissatisfaction.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}} Springsteen seemed to realize this a few years hence when he spoke humorously of his late father during his Rock and Roll Hall of Fame acceptance speech:}}Springsteen won an Academy Award in 1994 for his song "Streets of Philadelphia", which appeared on the soundtrack to the film Philadelphia. The video for the song shows Springsteen's actual vocal performance, recorded using a hidden microphone, to a prerecorded instrumental track. This technique was developed on the "Brilliant Disguise" video.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}In 1995, after temporarily re-organizing the E Street Band for a few new songs recorded for his first Greatest Hits album (a recording session that was chronicled in the documentary Blood Brothers), and also one show at Tramps in New York City,{{citation needed|date=August 2019}} he released his second folk album, The Ghost of Tom Joad. The album was inspired by John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath and by Journey to Nowhere: The Saga of the New Underclass, a book by Pulitzer Prize-winning author Dale Maharidge and photographer Michael Williamson. The album was generally less well-received than the similar Nebraska due to the minimal melody, twangy vocals, and political nature of most of the songs; however, some praised it for giving voice to immigrants and others who rarely have one in American culture. The lengthy, worldwide, small-venue solo acoustic Ghost of Tom Joad Tour that followed successfully presented many of his older songs in drastically reshaped acoustic form, although Springsteen had to explicitly remind his audiences to be quiet and not to clap during the performances.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}Following the tour, Springsteen moved from California back to New Jersey with his family.NEWS,weblink Bruce Rising, March 23, 2008, Tyrangiel, Josh, Kate, Carcaterra, August 5, 2002, Time, 2 of 6, dead,weblink" title="">weblink December 24, 2007, In 1998, he released the sprawling, four-disc box set of outtakes, Tracks. Later, he would acknowledge that the 1990s were a "lost period" for him: "I didn't do a lot of work. Some people would say I didn't do my best work."NEWS, Bringing It All Back Home, Fricke, David, Rolling Stone, PDF, February 5, 2009,weblink May 3, 2009, David Fricke, dead,weblink" title="">weblink March 25, 2009,

    1999–2007: Return to success

    File:RisingTourGiantsStadiumLot.jpg|thumb|The scene outside the Giants Stadium parking lot for banner-marked, record-setting, 10-night stand of The Rising TourThe Rising TourSpringsteen was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1999 by Bono (the lead singer of U2), a favor he returned in 2005.WEB,weblink Springsteen to Induct U2 into Hall of Fame, Rolling Stone, February 25, 2005, March 18, 2015, Mar, Alex, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 3, 2015, In 1999, Springsteen and the E Street Band reunited and began their extensive Reunion Tour, which lasted over a year. Highlights included a record sold-out, 15-show run at Continental Airlines Arena in East Rutherford, New Jersey and a ten-night, sold-out engagement at New York City's Madison Square Garden. A new song, "American Skin (41 Shots)", about the police shooting of Amadou Diallo, which was played at these shows proved controversial.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}In 2002, Springsteen released his first studio effort with the full band in 18 years, The Rising, produced by Brendan O'Brien. The album, mostly a reflection on the September 11 attacks, was a critical and popular success. The title track gained airplay in several radio formats, and the record became Springsteen's best-selling album of new material in 15 years. Kicked off by an early-morning Asbury Park appearance on The Today Show, The Rising Tour commenced; the band barnstormed through a series of single-night arena stands in the U.S. and Europe. Springsteen played an unprecedented 10 nights in Giants Stadium in New Jersey.WEB, Jon, Wiederhorn, September 16, 2003,weblink Springsteen Is Box-Office Boss With Projected $120M Gross, MTV, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 5, 2010, At the Grammy Awards of 2003, Springsteen performed The Clash's "London Calling" along with Elvis Costello, Dave Grohl, and E Street Band member Steven Van Zandt and No Doubt's bassist, Tony Kanal, in tribute to Joe Strummer.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}} In 2004, Springsteen and the E Street Band participated in the Vote for Change tour, along with John Mellencamp, John Fogerty, the Dixie Chicks, Pearl Jam, R.E.M., Bright Eyes, the Dave Matthews Band, Jackson Browne, and other musicians. File:Bruce Springsteen 2005.jpg|thumb|left|An acoustic guitar number during the solo Devils & Dust Tour performance at the Festhalle FrankfurtFesthalle FrankfurtDevils & Dust was released on April 26, 2005, and was recorded without the E Street Band. It is a low-key, mostly acoustic album, in the same vein as Nebraska and The Ghost of Tom Joad. Some of the material was written almost 10 years earlier during, or shortly after, the Ghost of Tom Joad Tour, with a few having been performed then but not released.NEWS, McShane, Larry,weblink New Springsteen Album Due in April, ABC News, Associated Press, February 16, 2005,weblink" title="">weblink April 11, 2005, dead, The title track concerns an ordinary soldier's feelings and fears during the Iraq War. The album entered the charts at No. 1 in 10 countries. Springsteen began the solo Devils & Dust Tour at the same time as the album's release, playing both small and large venues. Attendance was disappointing in a few regions, and everywhere (other than in Europe) tickets were easier to get than in the past.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}File:Bruce Springsteen Milan 2006 05 12.jpg|thumb|Springsteen and The Sessions Band performing on their tour at the Fila ForumFila ForumIn April 2006, Springsteen released (We Shall Overcome: The Seeger Sessions), an American roots music project focused around a big folk sound treatment of 15 songs popularized by the radical musical activism of Pete Seeger. A tour began the same month, with the 18-strong ensemble of musicians dubbed The Seeger Sessions Band (and later shortened to The Sessions Band). The tour proved very popular in Europe, selling out everywhere and receiving some excellent reviews,NEWS,weblink The Guardian, London, A runaway American dream, Sarfraz, Manzoor, May 14, 2006, April 27, 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 26, 2008, but newspapers reported that a number of U.S. shows suffered from sparse attendance.WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen and the Seeger Sessions Band – PopMatters Concert Review, PopMatters, August 27, 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink May 25, 2011, NEWS, Tianen, Dave,weblink Born to strum, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, June 15, 2006,weblink" title="">weblink November 18, 2006, dead, NEWS,weblink Chicago Tribune, Chicago Tribune, August 27, 2010, {{dead link|date=June 2016|bot=medic}}{{cbignore|bot=medic}}Springsteen's next album, entitled Magic, was released on October 2, 2007. Recorded with the E Street Band, it had 10 new Springsteen songs plus "Long Walk Home", performed once with the Sessions band, and a hidden track (the first included on a Springsteen studio release), "Terry's Song", a tribute to Springsteen's long-time assistant Terry Magovern, who died on July 30, 2007."Terry Magovern, Rest in Peace" {{webarchive|url= |date=February 8, 2009 }},, August 1, 2007. Retrieved August 28, 2007. Magic debuted at No. 1 in Ireland and the UK.{{cn|date=September 2019}} It was announced on November 21, 2007, that Springsteen's longtime friend and founding E Street Band member, Danny Federici, would be taking a leave of absence from the Magic Tour to pursue treatment for melanoma. Charles Giordano filled in as Federici's replacement.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}

    2008–2011: Transitions

    {{multiple image|align = right|direction = horizontal|header = Springsteen at a Barack Obama campaign rally|header_align = center|header_background =|footer =Cleveland, Ohio, on November 2, 2008|footer_align = center|footer_background =|width =|image1 = 20081102 Bruce Springsteen at Barack Obama rally in Cleveland.JPG|width1 = 150|caption1 =|image2 = 20081102 Bruce Springsteen and Barack Obama hug.JPG|width2 = 150|caption2 =|image3 = 20081102 Bruce Springsteen Michelle and Barack Obama.JPG|width3 = 150|caption3 =}}Federici returned to the stage on March 20, 2008 for a Springsteen and E Street Band performance in Indianapolis. On April 17, 2008, Federici died of cancer.NEWS,weblink Springsteen Bandmate on Hiatus for Health Reasons, March 22, 2008, November 22, 2007, Reuters, live,weblink December 17, 2007, NEWS,weblink Springsteen concert postponed over bandmate's death, Sean, Piccoli, South Florida Sun-Sentinel, April 17, 2008, April 17, 2008, {{dead link|date=June 2017 |bot=Jennica |fix-attempted=yes }}Springsteen supported Barack Obama's 2008 presidential campaign.NEWS,weblink Springsteen endorses Obama for president, Associated Press, USA Today, April 16, 2008, April 16, 2008, He gave solo acoustic performances in support of Obama's campaign throughout 2008,WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen Adds Acoustic Obama Shows, Pitchfork (website), Pitchfork, October 3, 2008, August 27, 2010,weblink" title="">weblink April 9, 2009, dead, culminating with a November 2 rally at which he debuted the song "Working on a Dream" in a duet with Scialfa.NEWS, Springsteen plays new 'Working on a Dream' tune at Obama rally in Cleveland, November 2, 2008,weblink The Plain Dealer, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 3, 2016, Following Obama's electoral victory on November 4, Springsteen's song "The Rising" was the first song played over the loudspeakers after Obama's victory speech in Chicago's Grant Park. Springsteen was the musical opener for the (We Are One: The Obama Inaugural Celebration at the Lincoln Memorial|Obama Inaugural Celebration) on January 18, 2009, which was attended by over 400,000 people.NEWS,weblink Jamming on the Mall for Obama, Steve, Hendrix, Jonathan, Mummolo, The Washington Post, January 18, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink September 1, 2013, He performed "The Rising" with an all-female choir. Later he performed Woody Guthrie's "This Land Is Your Land" with Pete Seeger.On January 11, 2009, Springsteen won the Golden Globe Award for Best Song for "The Wrestler", from the Darren Aronofsky film by the same name.WEB,weblink Springsteen, Rahman Snag Musical Golden Globes, Billboard, September 14, 2009, August 27, 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 25, 2014, Archived from the original on January 5, 2011. After receiving a heartfelt letter from lead actor Mickey Rourke, Springsteen supplied the song for the film for free.WEB, Bardsley, Garth,weblink How Mickey Rourke Got Bruce Springsteen's 'Wrestler' Song – For Free – MTV Movie News, MTV, January 12, 2009, December 7, 2011, live,weblink" title="">weblink July 29, 2011, File:Super bowl half time show (3976043491) (cropped1).jpg|thumb|Super Bowl XLIII halftime show ]]Springsteen performed at the halftime show at Super Bowl XLIII on February 1, 2009,NEWS, Report: "The Boss" to play Super Bowl halftime show, August 11, 2008,weblink Seattle Post-Intelligencer, dead,weblink" title="">weblink December 31, 2008, . agreeing to perform after having declined on prior occasions.NEWS,weblink The Rock Laureate, Pareles, Jon, The New York Times, February 1, 2009, January 29, 2009, Jon Pareles, live,weblink" title="">weblink June 9, 2011, A few days before the game, Springsteen gave a rare press conference at which he promised a "twelve-minute party."NEWS,weblink The New York Times, Springsteen Promises '12-Minute Party' at Halftime, Joe, Lapointe, January 30, 2009, April 27, 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 17, 2009, It has been reported that this press conference was Springsteen's first press conference in more than 25 years.NEWS,weblink No Cheering in the Press Box, Except When It Comes to the Boss, The Washington Post, January 29, 2009, July 23, 2011, Les, Carpenter, His 12-minute 45-second set, with the E Street Band and the Miami Horns, included abbreviated renditions of "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out", "Born to Run", "Working on a Dream", and "Glory Days", the latter complete with football references in place of the original baseball-themed lyrics. The set of appearances and promotional activities led Springsteen to say, "This has probably been the busiest month of my life."NEWS,weblink Bruce Springsteen Exclusive: 'I Didn't Even Know I Was Up For A Grammy!', Wallace, Lindsay, MTV News, February 10, 2009, March 7, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 17, 2009, Springsteen's Working on a Dream album, dedicated to the memory of Danny Federici, was released in late January 2009.PRESS RELEASE,weblink Bruce Springsteen's 'Working on a Dream' Set For January 27 Release on Columbia Records, Shore Fire Media, November 17, 2008, November 18, 2008, dead,weblink" title="">weblink July 16, 2011, The supporting Working on a Dream Tour ran from April 2009 until November 2009.{{cn|date=September 2019}} The band performed five final shows at Giants Stadium, opening with a new song highlighting the historic stadium, and Springsteen's Jersey roots, named "Wrecking Ball".NEWS,weblink For Springsteen and Giants Stadium, a Last Dance, Pareles, Jon, The New York Times, October 11, 2009, October 14, 2009, Jon Pareles, live,weblink" title="">weblink July 8, 2012, A DVD from the Working on a Dream Tour entitled (London Calling: Live in Hyde Park) was released in 2010.File:American Land ESB Fireworks Giants 100309.jpg|thumb|Fireworks go off at the conclusion of the "E! Street! Band!" exhortation during the final shows at Giants StadiumGiants StadiumSpringsteen received the Kennedy Center Honors on December 6, 2009.NEWS,weblink BBC News, Obama honours Bruce Springsteen, December 7, 2009, April 27, 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 5, 2010, President Obama gave a speech in which he asserted that Springsteen had incorporated the lives of regular Americans into his expansive palette of songs. Obama added that Springsteen's concerts were not just rock-and-roll concerts, but "communions". The event included musical tributes from Melissa Etheridge, Ben Harper, John Mellencamp, Jennifer Nettles, Sting, and Eddie Vedder.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}The 2000s ended with Springsteen named one of eight Artists of the Decade by Rolling Stone magazineWEB,weblink The Voices: Artists of the Decade, Rolling Stone, December 19, 2009,weblink" title="">weblink December 13, 2009, dead, and with Springsteen's tours ranking him fourth among artists in total concert grosses for the decade.WEB,weblink Top Touring Artists of the Decade, Billboard, December 19, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 16, 2013, Clarence Clemons, the E Street Band's saxophonist and founding member, died on June 18, 2011, of complications from a stroke.WEB,weblink Clarence Clemons dies of complications from stroke, November 20, 2011, The Wall Street Journal, live,weblink" title="">weblink November 21, 2011,

    2012–present: Autobiography and Broadway show

    File:Bruce Springsteen 20080815.jpg|thumb|left|Springsteen performing with drummer Max Weinberg behind him, on the Magic Tour stop at Veterans Memorial Arena, Jacksonville, FloridaJacksonville, FloridaSpringsteen's 17th studio album, Wrecking Ball, was released on March 6, 2012. The album consists of eleven tracks plus two bonus tracks. Three songs previously only available as live versions—"Wrecking Ball", "Land of Hope and Dreams", and "American Land"—appear on the album.WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen Announces New Album, Wrecking Ball, Pitchfork (website), Pitchfork, January 18, 2012, March 19, 2012, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 21, 2012, Wrecking Ball became Springsteen's tenth No. 1 album in the United States, tying him with Elvis Presley for third most No. 1 albums of all-time. Only the Beatles (19) and Jay Z (12) have more No. 1 albums.WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen Squeaks By Adele, Earns Tenth No. 1 Album, Billboard, September 14, 2009, March 19, 2012, live,weblink" title="">weblink May 30, 2013, Following the release of the album, Springsteen and the E Street Band announced plans for the Wrecking Ball Tour, which began on March 18, 2012. On July 31, 2012, in Helsinki, Finland, Springsteen performed his longest concert ever at 4 hours and 6 minutes and 33 songs.WEB,weblink From the road: Helsinki,, July 31, 2012, October 12, 2012, live,weblink" title="">weblink October 2, 2012, Springsteen campaigned for President Barack Obama's re-election in Ohio, Iowa, Virginia, Pittsburgh, and Wisconsin. At the rallies, he briefly spoke to the audience and performed a short acoustic set that included a newly written song titled "Forward".WEB, Brad, Knickerbocker,weblink Bruce Springsteen rocks out for Barack Obama, The Christian Science Monitor, October 13, 2012, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 3, 2016, WEB, Orel, Matt,weblink Bruce joins President Obama and Jay Z in Ohio,, November 5, 2012, November 6, 2012, live,weblink" title="">weblink November 9, 2012, NEWS, Sweet, Lynn,weblink Obama makes last pitch with Boss, Jay-Z in Ohio, Chicago Sun-Times, November 6, 2012, November 6, 2012, live,weblink" title="">weblink November 9, 2012, At year's end, the Wrecking Ball Tour was named Top Draw for having the top attendance out of any tour by the Billboard Touring Awards. The tour finished second to Roger Waters, who had the top-grossing tour of 2012.WEB,weblink Roger Waters and Bruce Springsteen win big at Billboard Touring Awards,, November 10, 2012, November 13, 2012, dead,weblink" title="">weblink May 22, 2013, Springsteen finished second only to Madonna as the top money maker of 2012 with $33.44 million.WEB,weblink Madonna Edges Out Springsteen As Music's Top Money Maker,, February 23, 2013, February 25, 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 2, 2014, The Wrecking Ball album, along with the single "We Take Care of Our Own", was nominated for three Grammy Awards, including Best Rock Performance and Best Rock Song for "We Take Care of Our Own" and Best Rock Album.WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen Nabs Three GRAMMY Nominations; "Springsteen" Gets Two More, CBS New York, December 6, 2012, December 15, 2012, live,weblink" title="">weblink June 7, 2013, PRESS RELEASE,weblink Bruce Springsteen Added To GRAMMY Performance Lineup, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, February 2, 2012, December 15, 2012, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 6, 2013, Rolling Stone named Wrecking Ball the number one album of 2012 on their Top 50 albums of 2012 list.WEB,weblink 50 Best Albums of 2012: Bruce Springsteen, 'Wrecking Ball', Rolling Stone, December 15, 2012, live,weblink" title="">weblink December 16, 2012, In late July 2013, the documentary Springsteen & I, directed by Baillie Walsh and produced by Ridley Scott, was released simultaneously via a worldwide cinema broadcast in over 50 countries and in over 2000 movie theaters.NEWS, Springsteen & I: fans tell their stories of The Boss,weblink The Telegraph, December 28, 2015, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 2, 2016, Springsteen released his eighteenth studio album, High Hopes, on January 14, 2014. The first single and video were of a newly recorded version of the song "High Hopes", which Springsteen had previously recorded in 1995. The album was the first by Springsteen in which all songs are either cover songs, newly recorded outtakes from previous records, or newly recorded versions of songs previously released. The 2014 E Street Band touring lineup, along with deceased E Street Band members Clarence Clemons and Danny Federici, appear on the album.WEB,weblink High Hopes: Music,, December 4, 2013, High Hopes became Springsteen's eleventh No. 1 album in the US.WEB, Caulfiel, Keith,weblink Bruce Springsteen Aiming for 11th No. 1 Album on Billboard 200 Chart,, January 18, 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 3, 2014, It was his tenth No. 1 in the UK, tying him for fifth all-time The Rolling Stones and U2."Bruce Springsteen scores 10th UK number one album" {{webarchive|url= |date=January 2, 2016 }}. BBC News. Retrieved January 26, 2014 Rolling Stone named High Hopes the second best album of the year (behind only U2's Songs of Innocence) on their Top 50 Albums of 2014 list.WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen, 'High Hopes', Rolling Stone, January 14, 2015, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 16, 2015, Springsteen made his acting debut in the final episode of Season 3 of Van Zandt's show Lilyhammer, which was named "Loose Ends" after a Springsteen song on the Tracks album.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}On August 6, 2015, Springsteen performed "Land of Hope and Dreams" and "Born to Run" on the final episode of The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, as Stewart's final 'Moment of Zen'. On October 16, to celebrate the 35th anniversary of The River, Springsteen announced (The Ties That Bind: The River Collection) box set. Released on December 4, it contains four CDs (including many previously unreleased songs) and three DVDs (or Blu-ray) along with a 148-page coffee table book. In November 2015, "American Skin (41 Shots)" was performed with John Legend at (Shining a Light: A Concert for Progress on Race in America).{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}Springsteen made his first appearance on Saturday Night Live since 2002 on December 19, 2015, performing "Meet Me in the City", "The Ties That Bind", and "Santa Claus Is Coming to Town".WEB,weblink Watch Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band: The Ties That Bind From Saturday Night Live,, December 19, 2015, January 14, 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 13, 2016, The River Tour 2016 began in January 2016 in support of The Ties That Bind: The River Collection box set. All first-leg shows in North America included an in-sequence performance of the entire The River album along with other songs from Springsteen's catalog, and all dates were recorded and made available for purchase.WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen and The E Street Band Announce 2016 The River Tour,, December 4, 2015, December 4, 2015, live,weblink" title="">weblink December 21, 2015, In April 2016, Springsteen was one of the first artists to boycott North Carolina's anti-transgender bathroom bill.WEB,weblink A statement from Bruce Springsteen on North Carolina,, April 8, 2016, May 23, 2019, More dates were eventually announced expanding the original three-month tour into a seven-month tour with shows in Europe in May 2016 and another North American leg starting in August 2016 and ending the following month. {{as of|2016|July|}}, The River 2016 Tour has been the highest grossing worldwide tour with 1.1 million tickets sold and over $135 million in box office revenue, according to Billboard Boxscore's mid-year report.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}On September 23, 2016, Chapter and Verse, a compilation from throughout Springsteen's career dating back to 1966, was released. On September 27, 2016, Simon & Schuster published his 500-page autobiography, Born to Run. The book rose quickly to the top of the NY Times Best Sellers List.NEWS,weblink Bruce Springsteen Is The Boss of the New York Times Best Sellers List With 'Born To Run', Newman, Melinda, Forbes, October 8, 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink October 7, 2016, (File:Bruce Springsteen Presidential Medal of Freedom.jpg|right|thumb|Springsteen receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom at the White House from President Barack Obama)On September 7, 2016, at Citizens Bank Park in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Springsteen performed for 4 hours and 4 minutes. This show, which was part of The River 2016 Tour, stands as his longest-ever show in the United States.WEB,weblink Springsteen breaks concert length record yet again in Philly; see the setlist, September 8, 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink September 8, 2016, WEB,weblink Springsteen breaks his record for longest US show, live,weblink" title="">weblink August 27, 2016, The River 2016 Tour was the top-grossing worldwide tour of 2016; it pulled in $268.3 million globally and was the highest-grossing tour since 2014 for any artist topping Taylor Swift's 2015 tour which grossed $250.1 million.WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen, Beyoncé post top-grossing tours of 2016,, December 30, 2016, December 30, 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink December 30, 2016, Springsteen supported Hillary Clinton's 2016 presidential campaign by performing an acoustic set of "Thunder Road", "Long Walk Home" and "Dancing in the Dark" at a rally in Philadelphia on November 7, 2016. On November 22, 2016, Springsteen was presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom award by Barack Obama.WEB,weblink The Presidential Medal of Freedom, The White House, November 25, 2016, live,weblink November 25, 2016, WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen, Robert De Niro, Lorne Michaels Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom, Rolling Stone, Company, live,weblink November 17, 2016, On January 12, 2017, Springsteen and Patti Scialfa performed a special 15-song acoustic set for President Barack Obama and Michelle Obama at the White House's East Room two days before the president gave his farewell address to the nation.WEB,weblink 2017 Setlists,, January 19, 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 20, 2017, NEWS,weblink Bruce Springsteen plays farewell gig for Barack Obama at the White House, January 19, 2017, The Guardian, en-GB, 0261-3077, January 19, 2017, live,weblink January 19, 2017, Springsteen on Broadway, an eight-week run at the Walter Kerr Theatre on Broadway in New York City in fall 2017, was announced in June 2017.NEWS,weblink Bruce Springsteen heads to Broadway this fall, June 16, 2017, New York Post, live,weblink" title="">weblink June 16, 2017, The show included Springsteen reading excerpts from his 2016 autobiography Born to Run and performing other spoken reminiscences.NEWS,weblink Bruce Springsteen Is Bringing His Music and His Memories to Broadway!, The New York Times, August 9, 2017, Originally scheduled to run from October 12 through November 26, the show was extended three times; the last performance occurred on December 15, 2018.TWEET, 902934494524477440, Ticketmaster, #SpringsteenBroadway has been EXTENDED! More information coming today. There will NOT be any additional codes released for today's onsale., August 30, 2017, WEB,weblink Springsteen on Broadway Extends Through June – Playbill, Playbill, NEWS,weblink March 21, 2018, Paulson, Michael, Bruce Springsteen Signs Up for More Time on Broadway, The New York Times, For Springsteen's production of Springsteen on Broadway, he was honored with a special award at the 2018 Tony Awards.NEWS,weblink Bruce Springsteen on Broadway: What comes after the Tony Award?, USA TODAY, May 3, 2018, en, On December 14, 2018, the live album Springsteen on Broadway was released. The album reached the top 10 in more than 10 countries and no. 11 in the United States.JOURNAL,weblink Trailers of the Week: 'Springsteen on Broadway,' 'I Am the Night,' 'Artemis Fowl', David, Fear, December 1, 2018, December 2, 2018, Rolling Stone, Penske Business Media, LLC., Springsteen's nineteenth studio album, Western Stars, was released on June 14, 2019.{{cn|date=September 2019}}It was announced on July 23, 2019 that Springsteen would premiere his film, Western Stars, at the Toronto Film Festival in September 2019. Springsteen co-directed the film along with longtime collaborator Thom Zimny. The film features Springsteen and his backing band performing the music from the Western Stars album to a live audience.WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen to Debut ‘Western Stars’ Film at Toronto Film Festival, July 23, 2019, July 23, 2019, Rolling Stone, WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen Turns Director for Inventive Concert Film ‘Western Stars’, July 23, 2019, July 23, 2019, IndieWire, File:Kennedy Center honorees 2009 WhiteHouse Photo.jpg|thumb|Springsteen (second from right) was among the five recipients of the 2009 Kennedy Center HonorsKennedy Center Honors

    Lyrical themes

    This quote is an excerpt from Springsteen's speech from the stage at a rally for presidential candidate Barack Obama on November 2, 2008}}Springsteen has been called a "rock 'n' roll poet" who "radiated working-class authenticity".WEB,weblink How 'Born to Run' Captured the Decline of the American Dream, Joshua, Zeitz, August 24, 2015, The Atlantic, Often described as cinematic in their scope, Springsteen's lyrics frequently explore highly personal themes such as individual commitment, dissatisfaction and dismay with life in a context of everyday situations.NEWS,weblink Bruce almighty, Elizabeth Wurtzel on Bruce Springsteen's lyrics, The Guardian, June 22, 2008, September 29, 2010, London, Elizabeth, Wurtzel, live,weblink" title="">weblink December 20, 2013, Springsteen's themes include social and political commentaryWEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen's Political Voice, Eric, Alterman, April 11, 2012,, WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen's New Wave Of Social Protest,, and are rooted in the struggles faced by his own family of origin.WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen and the song of the working man, By Todd Leopold, CNN, CNN, It has been recognized{{by whom|date=July 2019}} that there was a shift in Springsteen's lyrical approach starting with the album Darkness on the Edge of Town, in which he focused on the emotional struggles of working class life.WEB,weblink A Map of the Future: "Darkness on the Edge of Town" at 30,, Millman, Joyce, April 16, 2008, September 29, 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink June 8, 2009, WEB,weblink Album Review: "Darkness on the Edge of Town", Pitchfork (website), Pitchfork, Richardson, Mark, January 6, 2004, September 29, 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink November 21, 2010,

    Personal life

    While rejecting religion in his earlier years, Springsteen stated in his autobiography Born To Run that he has "a personal relationship with Jesus. I believe in his power to save, love ... but not to damn". In terms of Catholic faith, he has stated that he "came to ruefully and bemusedly understand that once you're a Catholic you're always a Catholic" and "I don't participate in my religion but I know somewhere ... deep inside ... I'm still on the team."Deigan, Tom. "Proud Irish American Bruce Springsteen says deep down he’s still Catholic" {{webarchive|url= |date=March 16, 2017 }}, IrishCentral, January 13, 2017. Retrieved February 18, 2017Springsteen has spoken openly about struggles with depression.WEB,weblink The Guardian, December 18, 2016, live,weblink December 18, 2016, In an interview in 2017 with Tom Hanks, Springsteen admitted to having been a tax evader early in his career.WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen explains why he used to not pay taxes, Chloe Melas, CNN, CNN, June 24, 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink June 8, 2017, File:Springsteen playing in Sunderland, June 2012.jpg|thumb|Springsteen playing at the Stadium of Light, Sunderland, UK, in 2012]]

    Relationships, marriages, and family

    Springsteen dated actress Joyce Hyser for roughly four years in the early 1980s. Previously, he had dated photographer Lynn Goldsmith and model Karen Darvin.NEWS,weblink Springsteen Keeps Love Life in Dark,, originally published in New York Daily News,, September 4, 1985, In the early 1980s, Springsteen met Patti Scialfa at The Stone Pony, a bar in New Jersey where local musicians regularly perform. On that particular evening she was performing alongside one of Springsteen's pals, Bobby Bandiera, with whom she had written "At Least We Got Shoes" for Southside Johnny. Springsteen liked Scialfa's voice. After the performance, he introduced himself to her. Soon after that, they started spending time together and became friends.Interview with Patti Scialfa, "Red-Headed Woman", page 42–44, Q magazine, 1993Early in 1984, Springsteen asked Scialfa to join the E Street Band for the upcoming Born in the U.S.A. Tour. According to the book Bruce Springsteen on Tour 1969–2005 by Dave Marsh, it looked like Springsteen and Scialfa were on the brink of becoming a couple through the first leg of the tour.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}} Before that could happen, Barry Bell introduced actress/model {{nowrap|Julianne Phillips}} (b.1960) to Springsteen; they were married on {{nowrap|May 13, 1985,}} held shortly after midnight at Our Lady of the Lake Catholic Church in Lake Oswego, a suburb south of {{nowrap|Portland, Oregon.NEWS,weblink The Bulletin, (Bend, Oregon), UPI, Springsteen, model married this morning, May 13, 1985, A1, NEWS,weblink Spokane Chronicle, (Washington), Bruce, actress fool fans with early wedding, May 13, 1985, B2, NEWS,weblink Eugene Register-Guard, (Oregon), Associated Press, Springsteen marries in secret ceremony, May 14, 1985, 1A, }} Opposites in background, the two had an {{nowrap|11-year}} age difference, and Springsteen's traveling took its toll on their relationship. His next album, Tunnel of Love, was released in the autumn of 1987. Many of its songs described his unhappiness in the relationship with Phillips.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}}The Tunnel of Love Express Tour began in late February 1988, and Springsteen convinced Scialfa to join the tour again. She expressed reluctance at first because she wanted to start recording her first solo album. After Springsteen told her that the tour would be short, she agreed to postpone her own solo record and join the tour.WEB, Katz, Larry,weblink E Street detour: Patti Scialfa leaves hubby Bruce Springsteen at home during road trip, Boston Herald,, September 15, 2004, October 13, 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink September 27, 2013, Phillips and Springsteen separated in the spring of 1988, but the separation was not made public.{{citation needed|date=August 2019}} Springsteen and Scialfa fell in love with each other during the Tunnel of Love Express Tour{{citation needed|date=August 2019}} and started living together soon after his separation from Phillips.WEB,weblink How Bruce Springsteen’s Wife Supported Him Through His Battle With Depression,, Citing irreconcilable differences, Phillips filed for divorce in Los Angeles on {{nowrap|August 30, 1988;NEWS,weblink Eugene Register-Guard, (Oregon), news services, Springsteen's wife seeks divorce, August 31, 1988, 3A, }} a settlement was reached in December and it was finalized on {{nowrap|March 1, 1989.NEWS,weblink Eugene Register-Guard, (Oregon), news services, Springsteen, wife divorced; 'fair settlement' kept secret, December 16, 1988, 2A, NEWS,weblink United Press International, (archives), Rocker Springsteen, wife reach divorce agreement, December 15, 1988, May 22, 2018, }}Springsteen received press criticism for the hastiness with which he and Scialfa took up their relationship. In a 1995 interview with The Advocate, Springsteen told Judy Wieder about the negative publicity the couple subsequently received. "It's a strange society that assumes it has the right to tell people whom they should love and whom they shouldn't. But the truth is, I basically ignored the entire thing as much as I could. I said, 'Well, all I know is, this feels real, and maybe I have got a mess going here in some fashion, but that's life.'" Years later, Springsteen reflected, "'I didn't protect Juli... Some sort of public announcement would have been fair, but I felt overly concerned about my own privacy. I handled it badly, and I still feel badly about it. It was cruel for people to find out the way they did.'"WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen book excerpt: From a 'Tunnel of Love' with Julianne Phillips to 'Dancing in the Dark' with Patti Scialfa, PETER AMES, CARLIN,, File:20081102Bruce Springsteen and family greet Barack Obama and family.JPG|thumb|The Springsteen family greets the Obama family on-stage at a rally in ClevelandClevelandSpringsteen and Scialfa lived in New Jersey before moving to Los Angeles, where they decided to start a family.BOOK, Kirkpatrick, Rob, 120, 2007, The Words And Music of Bruce Springsteen, Greenwood Publishing Group, 0275989380,weblink On July 25, 1990, Scialfa gave birth to the couple's first child, Evan James Springsteen.BOOK, Sawyers, June Skinner., 2004, Racing in the Street: The Bruce Springsteen Reader, Penguin Books, 0142003549,weblink On June 8, 1991, Springsteen and Scialfa married at their Los Angeles home in a very private ceremony, only attended by family and close friends.Their second child, Jessica Rae Springsteen, was born on December 30, 1991; and their third child, Samuel Ryan Springsteen, was born on January 5, 1994.BOOK, Kirkpatrick, Rob, 149, 2007, The Words And Music of Bruce Springsteen, Greenwood Publishing Group, 0275989380,weblink In a 1995 interview, Springsteen said, "I went through a divorce, and it was really difficult and painful and I was very frightened about getting married again. So part of me said, 'Hey, what does it matter?' But it does matter. It's very different than just living together. First of all, stepping up publicly—which is what you do: You get your license, you do all the social rituals—is a part of your place in society and in some way part of society's acceptance of you ... Patti and I both found that it did mean something."When their children reached school age in the 1990s, Springsteen and Scialfa moved back to New Jersey to raise them away from paparazzi. The grounds of their New Jersey home include a large swimming pool. The family owns and lives on a horse farm in Colts Neck Township and a home in Rumson; they also own homes in Los Angeles and Wellington, Florida.{{cn|date=September 2019}}Elder son Evan graduated from Boston College; he writes and performs his own songs and won the 2012 Singer/Songwriter Competition held during the Boston College's Arts Festival.NEWS,weblink Festival Highlights, Boston College, September 24, 2012,weblink" title="">weblink July 29, 2013, Their daughter Jessica is a nationally ranked champion equestrian,NEWS,weblink Jessica Springsteen finishes second at Talent Search Finals East, deciding whether to pursue equitation, Jaffer, Nancy, The Star-Ledger, October 9, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 4, 2016, and graduated from Duke University. She made her show-jumping debut with the Team USA in August 2014.WEB, Nicola, Anderson,weblink Bruce Springsteen attends Dublin Horse Show to cheer on daughter Jess,, August 10, 2014, Their younger son, Sam, is a firefighter.WEB, Hochron, Adam,weblink Monmouth County Fire Academy Graduates 42 New Members – Police & Fire – Marlboro-ColtsNeck, NJ Patch,, January 17, 2014, January 21, 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink January 24, 2014,

    Political views

    Springsteen supported Barack Obama's 2008 presidential campaign, announcing his endorsement in April 2008. He appeared at several rallies in support of Obama's campaign throughout 2008. At an Ohio rally, Springsteen discussed the importance of "truth, transparency and integrity in government, the right of every American to have a job, a living wage, to be educated in a decent school, and a life filled with the dignity of work, the promise and the sanctity of home{{nbsp}}..."WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen News â€“ Recording Artists' Eleventh Hour Campaigns â€“ Mostly for Obama, November 3, 2008, November 3, 2008, idiomag, live,weblink" title="">weblink December 24, 2008, Despite saying he that would sit out the 2012 presidential election, Springsteen campaigned for President Obama's re-election in Ohio, Iowa, Virginia, Pittsburgh, and Wisconsin. Springsteen supported Hillary Clinton's 2016 presidential campaign as well.{{cn|date=September 2019}}Springsteen is an activist for LGBT rights and has spoken out many times as a strong supporter of gay marriage. In an April 1996 interview with The Advocate he spoke of the importance of gay marriage: "You get your license, you do all the social rituals. It's part of your place in society, and in some way part of society's acceptance of you."WEB, Wieder, Judy,weblink doc, Bruce Springsteen: The Advocate Interview, The Advocate,, 1995, June 9, 2012, dead,weblink" title="">weblink March 13, 2012, In 2009, he posted the following statement on his website: "I've long believed in and have always spoken out for the rights of same sex couples and fully agree with Governor Corzine when he writes that 'The marriage-equality issue should be recognized for what it truly is—a civil rights issue that must be approved to assure that every citizen is treated equally under the law.'"WEB, Rocker Bruce Springsteen endorses N.J. gay marriage bill,weblink The Star-Ledger, December 8, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink October 22, 2013, In 2012, he lent his support to an ad campaign for gay marriage called "The Four 2012". Springsteen noted in the ad, "I couldn't agree more with that statement and urge those who support equal treatment for our gay and lesbian brothers and sisters to let their voices be heard now."NEWS
    , Bruce Springsteen Stars in Gay Marriage Social Media Campaign
    , Huffington Post
    , October 2, 2012
    , Curtis
    , Wong
    , October 2, 2012
    , live
    ,weblink" title="">weblink
    , October 3, 2012
    In April 2016, Springsteen cancelled a show in Greensboro, North Carolina days before it was to take place to protest the state's newly passed Public Facilities Privacy & Security Act, also referred to as the "bathroom law", which dictates which restrooms transgender people are permitted to use and prevents LGBT citizens from suing over human rights violations in the workplace. Springsteen released an official statement on his website. The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) celebrated Springsteen's statement and he has received much praise and gratitude from the LGBT community.
    , Bruce Springsteen dumps North Carolina over bigoted anti-LGBT law
    , PinkNews
    , April 9, 2016
    , Joseph Patrick
    , McCormick
    , April 8, 2016
    , live
    ,weblink" title="">weblink
    , April 9, 2016
    , During a 2017 show in Perth, Australia, Springsteen made a statement celebrating the post-inauguration Women's March against the incoming Trump administration in cities worldwide:We're a long way from home, and our hearts and spirits are with the hundreds of thousands of women and men that marched yesterday in every city in America, and in Melbourne ... "[They] rallied against hate and division and in support of tolerance, inclusion, reproductive rights, civil rights, racial justice, LGBTQ rights, the environment, wage equality, gender equality, healthcare, and immigrant rights. We stand with you. We are the new American resistance."NEWS,weblink Bruce Springsteen on Women's March: 'The New American Resistance', Kreps, Daniel, 2017-01-22, Rolling Stone, 2018-09-20, en-US, {{Citation|last=Bruce Springsteen|title=Bruce Springsteen in Perth – January 22, 2017|date=2017-01-22|url=|access-date=2018-09-20}}{{Citation|last=euronews (in English)|title=Bruce Springsteen joins 'new resistance' against 'demagogue' Trump|date=2017-01-23|url=|access-date=2018-09-20}}


    {{div col end}}

    Concert tours

    Springsteen has developed a reputation for energetic and long-lasting live performances.WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen delivers historic marathon at the Key, March 24, 2016, The Seattle Times, WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen: Can his shows be too long? | The Star,, Headlining tours Co-headlining tours

    Achievements, awards, and nominations

    Springsteen has sold more than 135 million records worldwide and more than 64 million records in the United States, making him one of the world's best-selling artists.WEB,weblink Top Selling Artists – December 04, 2013, RIAA, December 4, 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink December 9, 2013, NEWS,weblink Throwback Thursday: Bruce Springsteen Plays in Cambridge, Boston (magazine), Boston, May 10, 2018, Hayley, Glatter, May 10, 2018,

    Academy Awards

    {{award table}}| 1994| "Streets of Philadelphia"| Academy Award for Best Original Song| {{won}}| 1996Dead Man Walking (soundtrack)>Dead Man Walkin'"| Academy Award for Best Original Song| {{nom}}

    American Music Awards

    {{award table}}| 1985| HimselfAmerican Music Award for Favorite Pop/Rock Male Artist>Favorite Pop/Rock Male Artist| {{nom}}| 1985Dancing in the Dark (Bruce Springsteen song)>Dancing in the DarkAmerican Music Award for Favorite Pop/Rock Song>Favorite Pop/Rock Song|{{won}}| 1985| Himself| Favorite Pop/Rock Male Video Artist|{{nom}}| 1986| Himself| Favorite Pop/Rock Male Artist|{{won}}| 1986| Born in the U.S.A.American Music Award for Favorite Pop/Rock Album>Favorite Pop/Rock Album|{{won}}| 1986| Himself| Favorite Pop/Rock Male Video Artist| {{won}}| 2016| The River Tour 2016| Tour of the Year|{{nom}}

    Audie Awards

    {{award table}}| 2018Born to Run (autobiography)>Born to Run| Best Autobiography/Memoirstyle=|color=}}

    Brit Awards

    {{award table}}1985 Brit Awards>1985|HimselfBrit Award for International Artist>International Artist|{{Nominated}}1986 Brit Awards>1986|HimselfBrit Award for International Solo Artist>International Solo Artist|{{Won}}1987 Brit Awards>1987|Himself|International Solo Artist|{{Nominated}}2003 Brit Awards>2003|HimselfBrit Award for International Male Solo Artist>International Male Solo Artist|{{Nominated}}2006 Brit Awards>2006|Himself|International Male Solo Artist|{{Nominated}}2008 Brit Awards>2008|Himself|International Male Solo Artist|{{Nominated}}2010 Brit Awards>2010|Himself|International Male Solo Artist|{{Nominated}}2011 Brit Awards>2011|Himself|International Male Solo Artist|{{Nominated}}2013 Brit Awards>2013|Himself|International Male Solo Artist|{{Nominated}}

    Emmy Awards

    {{award table}}| 2001(Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band: Live in New York City>Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band)Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Variety Special (Pre-Recorded)>Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Special| {{nom}}| 2009Super Bowl XLIII#Halftime>Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band Super Bowl Halftime ShowPrimetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Short-Format Live-Action Entertainment Program>Outstanding Special Class – Short-Format Live-Action Entertainment Program| {{nom}}| 2019| Springsteen on BroadwayPrimetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Variety Special (Pre-Recorded)>Outstanding Variety Special (Pre-Recorded) | {{nom}}

    Golden Globe Awards

    {{award table}}| 1994| "Streets of Philadelphia"| Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song| {{won}}| 2009The Wrestler (song)>The Wrestler"| Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song| {{won}}

    Grammy Awards

    Springsteen has won 20 Grammy Awards out of 50 nominations.{| class="wikitable"! style="width:60px;"| Year! Work! Award! Result1981| "Devil with the Blue Dress"/ "Good Golly Miss Molly" / "Jenny Take a Ride"Best Rock Vocal Performance, Male| rowspan=3 {{nom}}1982The River (Bruce Springsteen album)>The River1985"Dancing in the Dark"Grammy Award for Record of the Year>Record of the Year| Best Rock Vocal Performance, Male| {{won}}| Born in the U.S.A.Grammy Award for Album of the Year>Album of the Year|rowspan=2 {{nom}}1986|"Born in the U.S.A."| Record of the Year1988Tunnel of Love (album)>Tunnel of Love"Grammy Award for Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance>Best Rock Vocal Solo Performance| {{won}}| "Brilliant Disguise"Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance>Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male| rowspan=4 {{nom}}| "Paradise By The "C""Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance>Best Rock Instrumental Performance (Orchestra, Group or Soloist)1993"Human Touch"Grammy Award for Best Rock Song>Best Rock SongHuman TouchHTTPS://WWW.GRAMMY.COM/GRAMMYS/ARTISTS/BRUCE-SPRINGSTEENDATE=MARCH 17, 2014ACCESSDATE=DECEMBER 15, 2018, | Best Rock Vocal Performance, Male1995"Streets of Philadelphia" (from the film Philadelphia)| Best Rock Song| rowspan=4 {{won}}| Best Rock Vocal Performance, MaleGrammy Award for Song of the Year>Song of the YearGrammy Award for Best Song Written for Visual Media>Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or for Television| Record of the Year| rowspan=3 {{nom}}1997Dead Man Walking (soundtrack)>Dead Man Walkin'"| Best Male Rock Vocal PerformanceBlood Brothers (1996 film)>Blood BrothersBest Long Form Music Video>Best Music Video, Long Form| The Ghost of Tom JoadGrammy Award for Best Contemporary Folk Album>Best Contemporary Folk Album| {{won}}1998Thunder Road (song)>Thunder Road"| Best Male Rock Vocal Performance| rowspan=4 {{nom}}2000"The Promise"| Best Rock Song| Best Male Rock Vocal Performance2003The Rising| Album of the YearGrammy Award for Best Rock Album>Best Rock Album| {{won}}"The Rising"Grammy Award for Song of the Year>Song of the Year| {{nom}}| Best Male Rock Vocal Performance| rowspan=4 {{won}}| Best Rock Song2004| "Disorder in The House" (with Warren Zevon)Grammy Award for Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal>Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal2005| "Code of Silence"| Best Rock Vocal Solo Performance2006Devils & Dust| Best Contemporary Folk Album| rowspan=4 {{nom}}| Best Long Form Music Video"Devils & Dust"| Song of the Year| Best Rock Song| Best Rock Vocal Solo Performance| rowspan=3 {{won}}2007| (We Shall Overcome: The Seeger Sessions)Grammy Award for Best Traditional Folk Album>Best Traditional Folk Album| "Wings for Wheels: The Making of Born to Run"Grammy Award for Best Music Film>Best Long Form Music Video2008Magic (Bruce Springsteen album)>Magic| Best Rock Album| {{nom}}"Radio Nowhere"Grammy Award for Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance>Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance| rowspan=4 {{won}}| Best Rock Song| "Once Upon a Time in the West"Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance>Best Rock Instrumental Performance2009"Girls in Their Summer Clothes"| Best Rock Song| Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance| rowspan=4 {{nom}}2010The Wrestler (song)>The Wrestler" (from the film 'The Wrestler')Grammy Award for Best Song Written for Visual Media>Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media| "Sea of Heartbreak" (with Rosanne Cash)Grammy Award for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals>Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals"Working on a Dream"| Best Rock Song| Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance| {{won}}2013"We Take Care of Our Own"Grammy Award for Best Rock Performance>Best Rock Performance| rowspan=3 {{nom}}| Best Rock SongWrecking Ball (Bruce Springsteen album)>Wrecking Ball| Best Rock Album2018Born to Run (autobiography)>Born to RunGrammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album>Best Spoken Word AlbumHTTP://WWW.LATIMES.COM/ENTERTAINMENT/LA-ET-GRAMMYS-2018-NOMINATIONS-LIVE-CARRIE-FISHER-NETS-GRAMMY-NOD-IN-1511886397-HTMLSTORY.HTML >TITLE=CARRIE FISHER NETS GRAMMY NOD IN SPOKEN-WORD CATEGORY, FACES OFF WITH SPRINGSTEEN AND BERNIE SANDERS FIRST=SARAH NEWSPAPER=LOS ANGELES TIMES, November 28, 2017, | {{nom}}{{small|Note: "We Are the World" (which featured Bruce Springsteen as a vocalist) also won Song of the Year, Record of the Year, Best Music Video, Short Form, and Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal in 1986. Song of the Year is credited to the songwriters and not the performer, The song was written by Michael Jackson and Lionel Richie.WEB,weblink Winners Song of the Year/New Song of the Year,, November 2, 2018, Record of the Year and Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group were presented to the producer in 1986, the song was produced by Quincy Jones.WEB,weblink Winners Record of the Year,, November 2, 2018, WEB,weblink Winners Best Pop Performance By A Duo Or Group With Vocal,, November 2, 2018, Best Music Video, Short Form is presented to the director and producer, Tom Trbovich directed the video while Quincy Jones served as producer.WEB,weblink Winners Best Music Video, Short Form,, November 2, 2018, }}

    Juno Awards

    {{award table}}| 1985| Born in the USA| International Album of the Year| {{won}}| 1993| Himself| International Entertainer of the Year|{{nom}}

    Grammy Hall of Fame

    {{award table}}| 2003| Born to RunList of Grammy Hall of Fame Award recipients (A–D)>Grammy Hall of Fame| {{won}}| 2012| Born in the U.S.A.| Grammy Hall of Fame| {{won}}

    MTV Video Music Awards

    {{award table}}1985 MTV Video Music Awards>1985| I'm on FireMTV Video Music Award for Best Male Video>Best Male Video| {{won}}| 1985Dancing in the Dark (Bruce Springsteen song)>Dancing in the DarkMTV Video Music Award for Best Stage Performance>Best Stage Performance|{{won}}| 1985| Dancing in the DarkMTV Video Music Award for Best Overall Performance>Best Overall Performance|{{nom}}| 1985| We Are the WorldMTV Video Music Award for Video of the Year>Video of the Year| {{nom}}|1985| We Are the WorldMTV Video Music Award for Best Group Video>Best Group Video|{{won}}| 1985| We Are the World| Best Overall Performance|{{nom}}|1985| We Are the WorldMTV Video Music Award – Viewer's Choice>Viewer's Choice|{{won}}1986 MTV Video Music Awards>1986Glory Days (Bruce Springsteen song)>Glory Days| Best Male Video|{{nom}}| 1986| Glory Days| Best Overall Performance|{{nom}}1987 MTV Video Music Awards>1987Born to Run (Bruce Springsteen song)>Born to Run|Best Stage Performance|{{nom}}| 1987War (Edwin Starr song)>War|Best Stage Performance|{{nom}}1988 MTV Video Music Awards>1988Tunnel of Love (Bruce Springsteen song)>Tunnel of Love| Video of the Year|{{nom}}| 1988| Tunnel of Love| Best Male Video|{{nom}}| 1988| Tunnel of LoveMTV Video Music Award for Best Art Direction>Best Art Direction|{{nom}}| 1988| Tunnel of LoveMTV Video Music Award for Best Editing>Best Editing|{{nom}}| 1988| Tunnel of Love| Viewer's Choice|{{nom}}1992 MTV Video Music Awards>1992Human Touch (Bruce Springsteen song)>Human Touch| Best Male Video|{{nom}}1994 MTV Video Music Awards>1994| Streets of Philadelphia| Best Male Video|{{nom}}| 1994| Streets of PhiladelphiaMTV Video Music Award for Best Video from a Film>Best Video from a Film|{{won}}1997 MTV Video Music Awards>1997Secret Garden (Bruce Springsteen song)>Secret Garden|Best Video from a Film|{{nom}}

    Tony Awards

    {{award table}}| 2018| Himself| Special Tony Award| {{won}}

    Other recognition

    • Polar Music Prize in 1997WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen, Polar Music Prize, June 21, 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 3, 2014,
    • Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, 1999WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, January 19, 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 8, 2014,
    • Inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame, 1999WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen, Songwriter's Hall of Fame, August 27, 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink November 28, 2010,
    • Inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame, 2007WEB, Daniel, Kreps,weblink Bruce Springsteen Inducted into New Jersey Hall of Fame, Rolling Stone, August 27, 2010,weblink" title="">weblink June 22, 2008,
    • "Born to Run" named "The unofficial youth anthem of New Jersey" by the New Jersey state legislature;WEB,weblink A Brunch O' Bruce, E!,weblink" title="">weblink November 28, 1999, dead, something Springsteen always found to be ironic, considering that the song "is about leaving New Jersey"
    • The minor planet 23990, discovered September 4, 1999, by I. P. Griffin at Auckland, New Zealand, was named in his honor.WEB,weblink (23990) Springsteen, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 20, 2008,
    • Ranked No. 23 on Rolling Stone magazine's 2004 list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All TimeNEWS, Rolling Stone, 946, Jackson, Browne, April 15, 2004, The Immortals – The Greatest Artists of All Time: 23) Bruce Springsteen,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink August 22, 2008,
    • Made Time magazine's 100 Most Influential People of the Year 2008 listNEWS, Penn, Sean,weblink The 2008 TIME 100 – Bruce Springsteen, Time, May 12, 2008, September 13, 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink August 22, 2013,
    • Won Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Song with "The Wrestler" in 2009WEB,weblink Bruce Springsteen wins Critics Choice Award for 'The Wrestler' song, NME, UK, January 9, 2009, August 27, 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 5, 2012,
    • 2009 Kennedy Center Honors recipient
    • Forbes magazine ranked him 6th in The Celebrity 100 in 2009NEWS,weblink The Celebrity 100, Forbes, June 3, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 8, 2016,
    • Named 2013 MusiCares Person of the YearWEB,weblink Springsteen Named 2013 MusiCares Person of the Year, Rolling Stone, June 28, 2012, June 29, 2012, live,weblink" title="">weblink July 1, 2012,
    • 2016 Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient
    • Springsteen was the guest on BBC Radio 4's Desert Island Discs on December 18, 2016, talking about his childhood, family, mental health and his musical influences and developmentWEB,weblink BBC Radio 4 â€“ Desert Island Discs, Bruce Springsteen, BBC, December 18, 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink December 19, 2016,

    See also

    {{Wikipedia books|Bruce Springsteen}}




    • Alterman, Eric. It Ain't No Sin To Be Glad You're Alive: The Promise of Bruce Springsteen. Little Brown, 1999. {{ISBN|0-316-03885-7}}.
    • Coles, Robert. Bruce Springsteen's America: The People Listening, a Poet Singing. Random House, 2005. {{ISBN|0-375-50559-8}}.
    • Cullen, Jim. Born in the U.S.A.: Bruce Springsteen and the American Tradition. 1997; Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press, 2005. New edition of 1997 study book places Springsteen's work in the broader context of American history and culture. {{ISBN|0-8195-6761-2}}
    • Eliot, Marc with Appel, Mike. Down Thunder Road. Simon & Schuster, 1992. {{ISBN|0-671-86898-5}}.
    • Graff, Gary. The Ties That Bind: Bruce Springsteen A to E to Z. Visible Ink, 2005. {{ISBN|1-57859-151-1}}.
    • Guterman, Jimmy. Runaway American Dream: Listening to Bruce Springsteen. Da Capo, 2005. {{ISBN|0-306-81397-1}}.
    • Hilburn, Robert. Springsteen. Rolling Stone Press, 1985. {{ISBN|0-684-18456-7}}.
    • Knobler, Peter with special assistance from Greg Mitchell. "Who Is Bruce Springsteen and Why Are We Saying All These Wonderful Things About Him?", Crawdaddy, March 1973.
    • Marsh, Dave. Bruce Springsteen: Two Hearts: The Definitive Biography, 1972–2003. Routledge, 2003. {{ISBN|0-415-96928-X}}. (Consolidation of two previous Marsh biographies, Born to Run (1981) and Glory Days (1987).)
    • Wolff, Daniel. July 4, Asbury Park: A History of the Promised Land. Bloomsbury, 2005. {{ISBN|1-58234-509-0}}

    External links

    {{Commons|Bruce Springsteen}} {{Bruce Springsteen |state=uncollapsed}}{{Navboxes|title = Awards for Bruce Springsteen|list ={{AcademyAwardBestOriginalSong 1991–2000}}{{Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Song}}{{Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song}}{{Grammy Award for Song of the Year 1990s}}{{Kennedy Center Honorees 2000s}}{{MusiCares Person of the Year}}{{Polar Music Prize}}{{1999 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame}}{{Special Tony Award}}}}{{Billboard Year-End number one albums 1970–1989}}{{Steven Van Zandt}}{{Authority control}}

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