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Bronte, Sicily

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Bronte, Sicily
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{{more footnotes|date=March 2013}}







factoids
| coordinates_footnotes = | region = SicilyMetropolitan City of Catania>Catania (CT)| frazioni = | mayor_party = | mayor = Graziano Calanna | area_footnotes = | area_total_km2 = 249| population_footnotes = | population_total = 19074| population_as_of = 30 April 2017| pop_density_footnotes = | population_demonym = Brontesi| elevation_footnotes = | elevation_m = 760| twin1 = | twin1_country = Saint Blaise>St. Blaise| day = 3 February| postal_code = 95034| area_code = 095weblink}}| footnotes = }}__NOTOC__ Bronte is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Catania, in Sicily, southern Italy. The town is situated approximately {{convert|16|km|mi|0}} west-northwest from Mount Etna, on the side of the valley of the Simeto river, and about {{convert|32|km|mi|0}} west from Giarre and Sicily's eastern coast. Bronte's economy relies mostly on farming, particularly of pistachio nuts.

History

Bronte's name derives from that of one of the Cyclopes in Greek myrhology and it means "The Thunderer". Legend has it that the Cyclopes lived under Mount Etna.In 1520 Charles V united the twenty-four hamlets of the surrounding area, which formed the town of Bronte. Mount Etna nearly destroyed the town three times, in 1651, in 1832, and finally in 1843.{{citation needed|date=March 2015}}In 1799, King Ferdinand III created Bronte as a Duchy, and rewarded admiral Horatio Nelson with the title of Duke for the help he had provided him in suppressing the revolution in Naples and so in recovering his throne. As well as being made a Duke, Nelson was given as a fief the Castello Maniace, which at the time was the remains of a Benedictine Monastery. The Castle passed into the Bridport family when the 1st Viscount Bridport married the then Duchess of Bronte, who was Admiral Nelson's niece. The Bridports continued to live in the castle until 1982 when the current Viscount sold the property to the Comune of Bronte. Today it is a local tourist attraction in Maniace, and has been restored (including the recreation of ceramic-tiled floors) by the Comune. It is built in the style of an English country house (with formal garden) set in the hills of eastern Sicily.BOOK, Hibbert, Christopher, Nelson: A Personal History, 1995, Penguin Books, 195, In 1860, during Giuseppe Garibaldi's Expedition of the thousand, there was a citizen's revolt. Sicilian peasants had hoped for - and did not get from Garibaldi - reforms from the restrictive conditions imposed by noble landowners. This hope had been reinforced by Garibaldi's decree of 2 June 1860 that land would be re-distributed. The southerners revolted in several localities, and at Bronte on August 4, 1860, Garibaldi's friend and general Girolamo ("Nino") Bixio bloodily repressed one of these uprisings with two battalions of Redshirts, massacring more than a dozen, peasants and nobles alike, and putting the torch to the town theater and municipal archives.{{sfn|Chisholm|1911}} Bixio ordered a kangaroo court and had five Bronteans summarily shot, all of which earned him the sobriquet "the Butcher of Bronte".

Main sights

  • Castello Nelson – a museum about {{convert|7|mi|km|0}} north from the town center. Originally an abbey dating to 1174, it has a Gothic-Norman portico and contains a Byzantine icon which, according to tradition, was painted by St Luke.{{citation needed|date=March 2015}}
  • Church of the Annunziata (1535)
  • Collegio Capizzi (1774–1779)

Twin towns

References

{{reflist}}

Sources

  • Pratt, Michael (2006); Nelson's Duchy: A Sicilian Anomaly, Spellmount Publishers Ltd. {{ISBN|186227326X}}
  • Fleming, Ian. Thunderball. (1961) Penguin Group. {{ISBN|0-141-02828-9}}. P-076

External links

{{Province of Catania}}{{Sicily-geo-stub}}

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