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British America
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{{For|American people of British descent|British Americans}}{{More citations needed|date=April 2011}}{{Use dmy dates|date=August 2014}}{{Use American English|date = July 2019}}







factoids
|{{flag|Antigua and Barbuda}}|{{flag|Bahamas}}|{{flag|Barbados}}|{{flag|Belize}}|{{flag|Bermuda}}|{{flag|British Virgin Islands}}|{{flag|Canada}}|{{flag|Cayman Islands}}|{{flag|Dominica}}|{{flag|Grenada}}|{{flag|Guyana}}|{{flag|Honduras}}|{{flag|Jamaica}}|{{flag|Montserrat}}|{{flag|Nicaragua}}|{{flag|Saint Kitts and Nevis}}|{{flag|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines}}|{{flag|Trinidad and Tobago}}|{{flag|Turks and Caicos Islands|name=Turks and Caicos}}|{{flag|United States}}}}|footnotes =}}British America included the British Empire's colonial territories in America from 1607 to 1783. These colonies were formally known as British America and the British West Indies before the Thirteen Colonies declared their independence in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) and formed the United States of America.WEB, A Summary View of the Rights of British America – Thomas Jefferson,weblink After that, the term British North America described the remainder of Great Britain's continental American possessions. That term was used informally in 1783 by the end of the American Revolution, but it was uncommon before the Report on the Affairs of British North America (1839), called the Durham Report.British America gained large amounts of new territory following the Treaty of Paris (1763) which ended the French and Indian War in America, and ended British involvement in the Seven Years' War in Europe. At the start of the Revolutionary War in 1775, the British Empire included 20 colonies north and east of New Spain. (New Spain included areas of Mexico and the western United States.) Britain ceded East and West Florida to the Kingdom of Spain in the Treaty of Paris (1783) which ended the American Revolution, and then Spain ceded them to the United States in 1819 after treaty negotiations to settle the old southwest border with Spanish Florida (eastern Louisiana, southern Alabama, Mississippi, and western Georgia). The remaining continental colonies of British North America to the northeast formed Canada by uniting provinces between 1867 and 1873. The Dominion of Newfoundland to the east joined Canada in 1949.

History

{{further|First British Empire}}(File:Senex, Price, and Maxwell North America 1710 UTA.jpg|thumb|British map of North America, 1710)A number of English colonies were established in America between 1606 and 1670 by individuals and companies whose investors expected to reap rewards from their speculation. They were granted commercial charters by King James I, King Charles I, Parliament, and King Charles II. The London Company founded the first permanent settlement in 1607 on the James River at Jamestown, Virginia upstream from Chesapeake Bay. This was followed in 1620 when the Pilgrims established the Plymouth settlement in New England. English Catholics settled the Province of Maryland in 1634, with Cecilus Calvert, second Lord Baltimore.A state department in London known as the Southern Department governed all the colonies beginning in 1660, as well as a committee of the Privy Council called the Board of Trade and Plantations. In 1768, Parliament created a specific state department for America, but it was disbanded in 1782 when the Home Office took responsibility for the remaining possessions of British North America in eastern Canada, the Floridas, and the West Indies.WEB,weblink Colonial Office, Foulds, Nancy Brown, The Canadian Encyclopedia, en, 2018-07-07,

North American colonies in 1775

The Thirteen Colonies that became the original states of the United States: File:A view of Fort George with the city of New York, from the SW.jpg|thumb|A view of Fort George and the city of New York c. 1731]] Colonies of British North America and territories that became part of Canada:
*Province of Quebec northeast of the Great Lakes (Including Labrador until 1791). *Nova Scotia (Including New Brunswick until 1784). *Island of St. John *Colony of Newfoundland *Rupert's Land

Former French and Spanish Colonies

Several British colonies and territories were ruled by Britain from 1763 after the Seven Years' War, but were later ceded to Spain (the Floridas) or the United States (the Indian Reserve and Southwestern Quebec).
*Province of East Florida (British 1763–1783, Spanish 1783–1823) *Province of West Florida (British 1763–1783, Spanish 1783-1823) *Indian Reserve (U.S. after 1783) *Province of Quebec (southwest of the Great Lakes–U.S. after 1783)

Colonies in the Caribbean, near-Atlantic, and South America in 1783

; Other possessions in the British West Indies:
*Colony of the Bahamas *Colony of Bermuda *Island of Barbados *Island of Grenada *Island of St. Vincent (detached from Grenada in 1776) *Island of Tobago (detached from Grenada in 1768) *Island of Dominica (detached from Grenada in 1770)

See also

Citations

{{coord missing|North America}}

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