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Boone, North Carolina

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Boone, North Carolina
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factoids
| established_title = Incorporated| established_date = 1872| area_magnitude = 1 E8| area_total_sq_mi = 6.07| area_total_km2 = 15.72| area_land_sq_mi = 6.07| area_land_km2 = 15.72| area_water_sq_mi = 0| area_water_km2 = 0| area_urban_sq_mi =| area_urban_km2 =| area_metro_sq_mi =| area_metro_km2 =2010 United States Census>2010| population_note =| population_total = 17122| population_metro =| population_urban =| population_density_km2 = auto| population_density_sq_mi = autoEastern Time Zone>Eastern (EST)| utc_offset = −5| timezone_DST = EDT| utc_offset_DST = −43641817region:US-NC|display=inline,title}}| elevation_m = 1015.9| elevation_ft = 3333| postal_code_type = ZIP codes| postal_code = 28607-28608Area code 828>828Federal Information Processing Standard>FIPS codeUNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAU >ACCESSDATE=JANUARY 31, 2008 URL-STATUS=DEAD ARCHIVEDATE=SEPTEMBER 11, 2013, Geographic Names Information System>GNIS feature IDTITLE=US BOARD ON GEOGRAPHIC NAMESUNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY>DATE=OCTOBER 25, 2007, | website = weblink| named_for = Daniel Boone| footnotes =| pop_est_as_of = 2018ACCESSDATE=AUGUST 1, 2019, | population_est = 19562| unit_pref = Imperial}}Boone is a town in and the county seat of Watauga County, North Carolina, United States. Located in the Blue Ridge Mountains of western North Carolina, Boone is the home of Appalachian State University. The population was 17,122 at the 2010 census.The town is named for famous American pioneer and explorer Daniel Boone, and every summer since 1952 has hosted an outdoor amphitheatre drama, Horn in the West, portraying the British settlement of the area during the American Revolutionary War and featuring the contributions of its namesake. It is the largest community and the economic hub of the seven-county region of Western North Carolina known as the High Country.

About

File:Boone NC - aerial.jpg|thumb|left|240px|Boone as seen from Howard's KnobHoward's Knob Boone took its name from the famous pioneer and explorer Daniel Boone, who on several occasions camped at a site generally agreed to be within the present city limits. Daniel's nephews, Jesse and Jonathan (sons of brother Israel Boone), were members of the town's first church,WEB, Philosophy of Ministry,weblink Three Forks Baptist Church, January 13, 2017, Three Forks Baptist, still in existence today.BOOK, Arthur, John Preston, A History of Watauga County, North Carolina, 1915, Everett Waddey Co., Richmond, 30,weblink January 13, 2017, Boone was served by the narrow gauge East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad (nicknamed "Tweetsie") until the flood of 1940. The flood washed away much of the tracks and it was decided not to replace them.Boone is the home of Appalachian State University, a constituent member of the University of North Carolina.Appalachian State is the sixth largest university in the seventeen-campus system.Caldwell Community College & Technical Institute also operates a satellite campus in Boone."Horn in the West" is a dramatization of the life and times of the early settlers of the mountain area. It features Daniel Boone as one of its characters, and has been performed in an outdoor amphitheater near the town every summer since 1952.The original actor in the role of "Daniel Boone" was Ned Austin. His "Hollywood Star" stands on a pedestal on King Street in downtown Boone. He was followed in the role by Glenn Causey, who portrayed the rugged frontiersman for 41 years, and whose image is still seen in many of the depictions of Boone featured in the area today.Boone is notable for being home to the Junaluska community. Located in the hills just north of Downtown Boone, a free black community has existed in the area since before the Civil War. Although integration in the mid-20th century led to many of the businesses in the neighborhood closing in favor of their downtown counterparts, descendants of the original inhabitants still live in the neighborhood. Junaluska is also home to one of the few majority-African American Mennonite Brethren congregationsweblink is a center for bluegrass musicians and Appalachian storytellers. Notable artists associated with Boone include the late, Grammy Award-winning bluegrass guitar player Doc Watson and the late guitarist Michael Houser, founding member of and lead guitarist for the band Widespread Panic, both Boone natives, as well as Old Crow Medicine Show, The Blue Rags, and Eric Church.The Blair Farm, Daniel Boone Hotel, Jones House, John Smith Miller House, and US Post Office-Boone are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.{{NRISref|version=2010a}}

Geography and climate

Boone is located at {{Coord|36|12|41|N|81|40|7|W|type:city}} (36.211364, −81.668657)WEB,weblink United States Census Bureau, April 23, 2011, February 12, 2011, US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, and has an elevation of 3,333 feet (1015.9 m) above sea level. An earlier survey gave the elevation as 3,332 ft and since then it has been published as having an elevation of 3,333 ft (1,016 m). Boone has the highest elevation of any town of its size (over 10,000 population) east of the Mississippi River. As such, Boone features, depending on the isotherm used, a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), a rarity for the Southeastern United States, bordering on a subtropical highland climate (Cfb) and straddles the boundary between USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 6B and 7A;WEB,weblink What is my arborday.org Hardiness Zone?, Arborday.org, July 14, 2017, the elevation also results in enhanced precipitation, with {{convert|52.7|in|sigfig=3}} of average annual precipitation. Compared to the lower elevations of the Carolinas, winters are long and cold, with frequent sleet and snowfall. The daily average temperature in January is {{convert|31.2|°F|1}}, which gives Boone a winter climate more similar to coastal southern New England rather than the Southeast, where a humid subtropical climate predominates. Blizzard-like conditions are not unusual during many winters. Summers are warm, but far cooler and less humid than lower regions to the south and east, with a July daily average temperature of {{convert|68.5|°F|1}}. Boone typically receives on average nearly {{convert|35|in|cm|0}} of snowfall annually, far higher than the lowland areas in the rest of North Carolina.On January 18, 1966, the temperature fell to {{convert|−18|°F}}.WEB,weblink BOONE, NORTH CAROLINA – Climate Summary, wrcc.dri.edu, August 7, 2018, {{Weather box|location = Boone, 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1980-present|single line = Y| Jan record high F =70| Feb record high F =72| Mar record high F =79| Apr record high F =85| May record high F =85| Jun record high F =91| Jul record high F =93| Aug record high F =91| Sep record high F =86| Oct record high F =80| Nov record high F =76| Dec record high F =72| Jan avg record high F = 59 | Feb avg record high F = 63 | Mar avg record high F = 70| Apr avg record high F = 76 | May avg record high F = 80 | Jun avg record high F = 83 | Jul avg record high F = 85 | Aug avg record high F = 84 | Sep avg record high F = 81 | Oct avg record high F = 75| Nov avg record high F = 69 | Dec avg record high F = 62 | year avg record high F =86| Jan record low F =-24| Feb record low F =-8| Mar record low F =-6| Apr record low F =14 | May record low F =26 | Jun record low F =36| Jul record low F =40 | Aug record low F =38 | Sep record low F =30 | Oct record low F =18 | Nov record low F =10 | Dec record low F =-11| Jan avg record low F = 2| Feb avg record low F = 8| Mar avg record low F = 14| Apr avg record low F = 23| May avg record low F = 33| Jun avg record low F = 44| Jul avg record low F = 50| Aug avg record low F = 49| Sep avg record low F = 38| Oct avg record low F = 27| Nov avg record low F = 18| Dec avg record low F = 8| year avg record low F =-1|Jan high F = 41.6|Feb high F = 44.6|Mar high F = 52.2|Apr high F = 61.3|May high F = 69.3|Jun high F = 75.9|Jul high F = 78.9|Aug high F = 78.1|Sep high F = 72.1|Oct high F = 63.2|Nov high F = 54.2|Dec high F = 44.5|year high F= 61.4|Jan mean F = 31.2|Feb mean F = 33.9|Mar mean F = 40.7|Apr mean F = 49.3|May mean F = 57.7|Jun mean F = 65.0|Jul mean F = 68.5|Aug mean F = 67.5|Sep mean F = 61.1|Oct mean F = 51.4|Nov mean F = 42.7|Dec mean F = 34.1|year mean F= 50.3|Jan low F = 20.7|Feb low F = 23.2|Mar low F = 29.2|Apr low F = 37.3|May low F = 46.1|Jun low F = 54.1|Jul low F = 58.1|Aug low F = 56.8|Sep low F = 50.1|Oct low F = 39.5|Nov low F = 31.1|Dec low F = 23.7|year low F= 39.2|precipitation colour = green|Jan precipitation inch = 3.78|Feb precipitation inch = 3.92|Mar precipitation inch = 4.75|Apr precipitation inch = 4.47|May precipitation inch = 4.43|Jun precipitation inch = 5.10|Jul precipitation inch = 5.00|Aug precipitation inch = 5.10|Sep precipitation inch = 4.44|Oct precipitation inch = 3.59|Nov precipitation inch = 4.47|Dec precipitation inch = 3.69|year precipitation inch=52.73|Jan snow inch = 10.3|Feb snow inch = 9.0|Mar snow inch = 4.3|Apr snow inch = 2.9|May snow inch = 0.1|Jun snow inch = 0|Jul snow inch = 0|Aug snow inch = 0|Sep snow inch = 0|Oct snow inch = 0.1|Nov snow inch = 1.3|Dec snow inch = 6.7|year snow inch=34.6|unit precipitation days = 0.01 in|Jan precipitation days = 11.4|Feb precipitation days = 11.0|Mar precipitation days = 11.6|Apr precipitation days = 12.0|May precipitation days = 13.3|Jun precipitation days = 13.5|Jul precipitation days = 13.5|Aug precipitation days = 12.6|Sep precipitation days = 10.0|Oct precipitation days = 9.1|Nov precipitation days = 9.7|Dec precipitation days = 11.3|year precipitation days=139.0|unit snow days = 0.1 in|Jan snow days = 4.5|Feb snow days = 4.0|Mar snow days = 2.2|Apr snow days = 1.3|May snow days = 0|Jun snow days = 0|Jul snow days = 0|Aug snow days = 0|Sep snow days = 0|Oct snow days = 0.1|Nov snow days = 0.8|Dec snow days = 3.2|year snow days=16.2National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration>NOAAWEB
,weblink
, NOWData – NOAA Online Weather Data
, December 4, 2012
, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, |date=August 2010
}}{{Weatherbox|location = Boone, extremes 1920-1980|single line = Y|collapsed = y| Jan record high F =78| Feb record high F =75| Mar record high F =80| Apr record high F =89| May record high F =86| Jun record high F =94| Jul record high F =96| Aug record high F =91| Sep record high F =92| Oct record high F =87| Nov record high F =80| Dec record high F =73| Jan avg record high F = 61.1| Feb avg record high F = 62.8| Mar avg record high F = 70.0| Apr avg record high F = 77.6| May avg record high F = 80.8| Jun avg record high F = 84.8| Jul avg record high F = 85.9| Aug avg record high F = 84.6| Sep avg record high F = 82.3| Oct avg record high F = 75.7| Nov avg record high F = 69.4| Dec avg record high F = 61.4| year avg record high F = 87.8| Jan record low F =-18| Feb record low F =-8| Mar record low F =-1| Apr record low F =13| May record low F =24| Jun record low F =33| Jul record low F =38| Aug record low F =33| Sep record low F =25| Oct record low F =14| Nov record low F =-6| Dec record low F =-10| Jan avg record low F = 3.3| Feb avg record low F = 5.7| Mar avg record low F = 12.9| Apr avg record low F = 23.4| May avg record low F = 32.8| Jun avg record low F = 41.2| Jul avg record low F = 48.1| Aug avg record low F = 45.5| Sep avg record low F = 36.2| Oct avg record low F = 24.2| Nov avg record low F = 13.1| Dec avg record low F = 5.5| year avg record low F =-2.5Western Regional Climate Center>WRCC}}

Demographics

{{US Census population|1880= 167|1890= 144|1900= 155|1910= 179|1920= 374|1930= 1295|1940= 1788|1950= 2973|1960= 3686|1970= 8754|1980= 10191|1990= 12915|2000= 13472|2010= 17122|estyear=2018|estimate=19562ACCESSDATE=AUGUST 1, 2019, PUBLISHER=CENSUS.GOVURL-STATUS=DEADARCHIVEDATE=MARCH 2, 2013, }}As of the census of 2000, there were 13,472 people, 4,374 households, and 1,237 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,307.0 people per square mile (890.7/km²). There were 4,748 housing units at an average density of 813.0 per square mile (313.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.98% White, 3.42% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 1.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.There were 4,374 households out of which 9.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 21.0% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 71.7% were non-families. 38.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.63.In the town, the population was spread out with 5.8% under 18, 65.9% from 18 to 24, 12.1% from 25 to 44, 9.1% from 45 to 64, and 7.1% who were 65 or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females, there are 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.The median income for a household in the town was $20,541, and the median income for a family was $49,762. The per capita income was $12,256. Males had a median income of $28,060 versus $20,000 for females. About 9.2% of families and 37.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under the age of 18 and 9.1% of those 65 and older.

Media

Newspaper

Boone is mainly served by three local newspapers: A smaller newspaper, The Appalachian, is Appalachian State University's campus newspaper; it is published twice a week on Tuesdays and Thursdays. In addition to the locally printed papers, a monthly entertainment pamphlet named Kraut Creek Revival has limited circulation and is funded by a Denver, NC-based newspaper.

Radio

Law and government

Boone operates under a mayor-council government. The city council consists of five members. The mayor presides over the council and casts a vote on issues only in the event of a tie. {{As of|December 2015}}, the Town Council members were: Rennie Brantz, Mayor, and Councilors: Lynne Mason (Mayor Pro-Tem), Jennifer Teague, Loretta Clawson, Charlotte Mizelle and Jeannine Underdown Collins.

Development

Industrial, commercial, and residential development in the town of Boone is a controversial issue due to its location in the mountains of Appalachia. On October 16, 2009, the town council accepted the "Boone 2030 Land Use Plan."WEB,weblink Boone2030Blogspot, TownOfBoone, October 31, 2010, While the document itself is not in any way actual law, it is used by the town council, board of adjustment, and other committees to guide decision making as to what types of development are appropriate.WEB,weblink Boone 2030 Land Use Plan PDF, Lawrence Group, October 31, 2010,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110717005559weblink">weblink July 17, 2011, dead, In 2009, the North Carolina Department of Transportation began widening 1.1 miles of U.S. 421 (King Street) to a 4-to-6-lane divided highway with a raised concrete median from U.S. 321 (Hardin Street) to east of N.C. 194 (Jefferson Road), including a new entrance and exit to the new Watauga High School, at a cost of $16.2 million.WEB,weblink NC DOT US421 Widening Project, NCDOT, October 31, 2010,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090731134149weblink">weblink July 31, 2009, dead, The widening has displaced 25 businesses and 63 residences east of historic downtown King Street.WEB,weblink statedotpaves, Wataugademocrat.com, March 16, 2007, August 9, 2009, dead,weblink" title="archive.today/20120918112026weblink">weblink September 18, 2012, The project was slated to be completed by December 31, 2011, but construction continued into the spring of 2012.

Points of interest

Notable residents

(File:DocW Sculpture Boone.jpg|thumb|right|150px|Doc Watson sculpture in downtown Boone)

Sister city

  • {{flagicon|Canada}} Collingwood, Ontario, CanadaWEB,weblink About Sister Cities {{!, Town of Collingwood|website=www.collingwood.ca|access-date=2019-03-20}}

References

{{Reflist|30em}}

External links

{{Wikivoyage|Boone (North Carolina)}}
{{Watauga County, North Carolina}}{{North Carolina}}{{Authority control}}

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