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Boii
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{{for|extinct genus of microsaur|Boii (genus)}}{{Use dmy dates|date=July 2012}}File:Hallstatt LaTene.png|thumb|350px|Map showing the approximate location of the Boii in Bohemia and in Italy. The contemporary La Tène culture is indicated in green tones, the preceding Hallstatt cultureHallstatt cultureThe Boii (Latin plural, singular Boius; ) were a Gallic tribe of the later Iron Age, attested at various times in Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy), Pannonia (Hungary), parts of Bavaria, in and around Bohemia (after whom the region is named in most languages; comprising the bulk of the Czech Republic), parts of Poland, and Gallia Narbonensis. In addition the archaeological evidence indicates that in the 2nd century BC Celts expanded from Bohemia through the Kłodzko Valley into Silesia, now part of Poland and the Czech Republic.{{harvnb|Rankin|1996|p=16}}They first appear in history in connection with the Gallic invasion of north Italy, 390 BC, when they made the Etruscan city of Felsina their new capital, Bononia (Bologna). After a series of wars they were decisively beaten by the Romans in a Battle of Mutina (193 BC) and their territory became part of the Roman province of Cisalpine Gaul. According to Strabo, writing two centuries after the events, rather than being destroyed by the Romans like their Celtic neighbours,Around 60 BC, a group of Boii joined the Helvetii's ill-fated attempt to conquer land in western Gaul and were defeated by Julius Caesar, along with their allies, in the Battle of Bibracte. Caesar settled the remnants of that group in Gorgobina, from where they sent two thousand to Vercingetorix's aid at the Battle of Alesia six years later. The eastern Boii on the Danube were incorporated into the Roman Empire in 8 AD.

Etymology and name

From all the different names of the same Celtic people in literature and inscriptions it is possible to abstract a Continental Celtic segment, boio-.ENCYCLOPEDIA, Dictionary of Continental Celtic Place-Names, Alexander, Falileyev, Aberystwyth University, 2007, Boii,weblink pdf, 2 May 2009, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090731025816weblink">weblink 31 July 2009, dmy-all, There are two major derivations of this segment, both presupposing that it belongs to the family of Indo-European languages: from 'cow' and from 'warrior.' The Boii would thus be either "the herding people" or "the warrior people."The "cow" derivation depends most immediately on the Old Irish legal term for "outsider:" ambue, from Proto-Celtic *ambouios (

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