Bob Dylan

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Bob Dylan
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{{About|the musician|his debut album|Bob Dylan (album)}}{{pp-move|small=yes}}{{short description|American singer-songwriter, musician, poet, author, and artist}}{{Use mdy dates|date=January 2019}}

  • Elston Gunnn
  • Blind Boy Grunt
  • Bob Landy
  • Robert Milkwood Thomas
  • Tedham Porterhouse
  • Lucky Wilbury
  • Boo Wilbury
  • Jack Frost
  • Sergei Petrov
{edih}mf=yes5|24}}| birth_place = Duluth, Minnesota, U.S.| residence = Malibu, California, U.S.| home_town = Hibbing, Minnesota, U.S.| years_active = 1962–presentBob Dylan. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum
  • Singer-songwriter
  • artist
  • writer
{edih}Sara DylanJune 29, 1977Carolyn DennisOctober 1992|reason=divorced}}Jesse Dylan>Jesse and Jakob DylanNobel Prize in Literature (2016) (For others, see List of awards and nominations received by Bob Dylan>List)




  • Vocals
  • guitar
  • keyboards
  • harmonica
{edih} {edih} {edih}}}}}}}Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman; May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, author, and visual artist who has been a major figure in popular culture for more than fifty years. Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1960s, when songs such as "Blowin' in the Wind" (1963) and "The Times They Are a-Changin'" (1964) became anthems for the civil rights movement and anti-war movement. His lyrics during this period incorporated a wide range of political, social, philosophical, and literary influences, defied pop-music conventions and appealed to the burgeoning counterculture.Following his self-titled debut album in 1962, which mainly comprised traditional folk songs, Dylan made his breakthrough as a songwriter with the release of The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan the following year. The album featured "Blowin' in the Wind" and the thematically complex "A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall." For many of these songs, he adapted the tunes and phraseology of older folk songs. He went on to release the politically charged The Times They Are a-Changin' and the more lyrically abstract and introspective Another Side of Bob Dylan in 1964. In 1965 and 1966, Dylan encountered controversy when he adopted electrically amplified rock instrumentation, and in the space of 15 months recorded three of the most important and influential rock albums of the 1960s: Bringing It All Back Home (1965), Highway 61 Revisited (1965) and Blonde on Blonde (1966). The six-minute single "Like a Rolling Stone" (1965) has been described as challenging and transforming the "artistic conventions of its time, for all time."In July 1966, Dylan withdrew from touring after being injured in a motorcycle accident. During this period, he recorded a large body of songs with members of the Band, who had previously backed him on tour. These recordings were released as the collaborative album The Basement Tapes in 1975. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Dylan explored country music and rural themes in John Wesley Harding (1967), Nashville Skyline (1969), and New Morning (1970). In 1975, he released Blood on the Tracks, which many saw as a return to form. In the late 1970s, he became a born-again Christian and released a series of albums of contemporary gospel music before returning to his more familiar rock-based idiom in the early 1980s. The major works of his later career include Time Out of Mind (1997), "Love and Theft" (2001), Modern Times (2006) and Tempest (2012). His most recent recordings have comprised versions of traditional American standards, especially songs recorded by Frank Sinatra. Backed by a changing lineup of musicians, he has toured steadily since the late 1980s on what has been dubbed the Never Ending Tour.Since 1994, Dylan has published eight books of drawings and paintings, and his work has been exhibited in major art galleries. He has sold more than 100 million records, making him one of the best-selling music artists of all time. He has also received numerous awards, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom, ten Grammy Awards, a Golden Globe Award, and an Academy Award. Dylan has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Minnesota Music Hall of Fame, Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame, and the Songwriters Hall of Fame. The Pulitzer Prize Board in 2008 awarded him a special citation for "his profound impact on popular music and American culture, marked by lyrical compositions of extraordinary poetic power." In 2016, Dylan was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature "for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition."

Life and career

1941–1959: Origins and musical beginnings

(File:ZimmermanHouseHibbingMN.jpg|thumb|right|The Zimmerman family home in Hibbing, Minnesota)Bob Dylan was born Robert Allen Zimmerman ( Shabtai Zisl ben Avraham)Sounes, p. 14, gives his Hebrew name as Shabtai Zisel ben AvrahamA Chabad news service gives the variant Zushe ben Avraham, which may be a Yiddish variant WEB,weblink Singer/Songwriter Bob Dylan Joins Yom Kippur Services in Atlanta, September 24, 2007, September 11, 2008, News, NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan's Jewish Odyssey, Preskovsky, Ilan, March 12, 2016,, May 20, 2018, in St. Mary's Hospital on May 24, 1941, in Duluth, Minnesota,Sounes, p. 14WEB,weblink Robert Allen Zimmerman, Minnesota Birth Index, 1935–2002,, Name: Robert Allen Zimmerman; Birth Date: May 24, 1941; Birth County: Saint Louis; Father: Abram H. Zimmerman; Mother: Beatrice Stone, September 6, 2011, {{subscription required}} and raised in Hibbing, Minnesota, on the Mesabi Range west of Lake Superior. He has a younger brother, David. Dylan's paternal grandparents, Zigman and Anna Zimmerman, emigrated from Odessa in the Russian Empire (now Ukraine) to the United States following the anti-Semitic pogroms of 1905.Sounes, pp. 12–13.WEB,weblink Down the Highway – The Life of Bob Dylan, The New York Times, May 20, 2018, His maternal grandparents, Ben and Florence Stone, were Lithuanian Jews who arrived in the United States in 1902. In his autobiography, (Chronicles: Volume One), Dylan wrote that his paternal grandmother's maiden name was Kirghiz and her family originated from the Kağızman district of Kars Province in northeastern Turkey.Dylan, pp. 92–93.Dylan's father, Abram Zimmerman – an electric-appliance shop owner – and mother, Beatrice "Beatty" Stone, were part of a small, close-knit Jewish community.NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan: 'Prophet' and Medal of Freedom recipient, Gluck, Robert, May 21, 2012, The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, Jewish Journal, May 20, 2018, WEB,weblink Bob Dylan's life and work examined in new exhibit, Kamin, Debra, April 13, 2016, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 20, 2018, NEWS,weblink This Day in Jewish History – 1954: Shabtai Zissel Is Bar Mitzvahed, and Turns Out to Be Bob Dylan, Green, David B., May 21, 2015, Haaretz, June 5, 2018, They lived in Duluth until Dylan was six, when his father had polio and the family returned to his mother's hometown, Hibbing, where they lived for the rest of Dylan's childhood. In his early years he listened to the radio—first to blues and country stations from Shreveport, Louisiana, and later, when he was a teenager, to rock and roll.Shelton, pp. 38–40.WEB,weblink Hibbing,, Dylan formed several bands while attending Hibbing High School. In the Golden Chords, he performed covers of songs by Little RichardNEWS,weblink One of a kind: Bob Dylan at 70, Michael, Gray, May 22, 2011, Japan Times, December 30, 2011, and Elvis Presley.Heylin (1996), pp. 4–5. Their performance of Danny & the Juniors' "Rock and Roll Is Here to Stay" at their high school talent show was so loud that the principal cut the microphone.Sounes, pp. 29–37. In 1959, Dylan's high school yearbook carried the caption "Robert Zimmerman: to join 'Little Richard'."LIFE Books, "Bob Dylan, Forever Young, 50 Years of Song", Time Home Entertainment, Vol. 2, No 2, February 10, 2012, p. 15. That year, as Elston Gunnn, he performed two dates with Bobby Vee, playing piano and clapping.An interview with Vee suggests Zimmerman may have been eccentric in spelling his early pseudonym: "[Dylan] was in the Fargo/Moorhead area ... Bill [Velline] was in a record shop in Fargo, Sam's Record Land, and this guy came up to him and introduced himself as Elston Gunnn—with three n's, G-U-N-N-N." Bobby Vee Interview, July 1999, Goldmine Reproduced online: WEB,weblink Early alias for Robert Zimmerman, August 11, 1999, September 11, 2008, Expecting Rain, Sounes, pp. 41–42.Heylin (2000), pp. 26–27. In September 1959, Dylan moved to Minneapolis and enrolled at the University of Minnesota.WEB,weblink University of Minnesota Scholars Walk: Nobel Prize, University of Minnesota, December 15, 2016, His focus on rock and roll gave way to American folk music, as he explained in a 1985 interview:Living at the Jewish-centric fraternity Sigma Alpha Mu house, Dylan began to perform at the Ten O'Clock Scholar, a coffeehouse a few blocks from campus, and became involved in the Dinkytown folk music circuit.Shelton, pp. 65–82.This is related in the documentary film No Direction Home, directed by Martin Scorsese. broadcast September 26, 2005, PBS & BBC Two. During this period, he began introducing himself as "Bob Dylan."Heylin (1996), p. 7.According to Dylan biographer Robert Shelton, the singer first confided his change of name to his high school girlfriend, Echo Helstrom, in 1958, telling her that he had found a "great name, Bob Dillon." Shelton surmises that Dillon had two sources: Marshal Matt Dillon was the hero of the TV western Gunsmoke; Dillon was also the name of one of Hibbing's principal families. While Shelton was writing Dylan's biography in the 1960s, Dylan told him, "Straighten out in your book that I did not take my name from Dylan Thomas. Dylan Thomas's poetry is for people that aren't really satisfied in their bed, for people who dig masculine romance." At the University of Minnesota, the singer told a few friends that Dillon was his mother's maiden name, which was untrue. He later told reporters that he had an uncle named Dillon. Shelton added that only when he reached New York in 1961 did the singer begin to spell his name "Dylan", by which time he was acquainted with the life and work of Dylan Thomas. Shelton (2011), pp. 44–45. In his memoir, he said he hit upon using this less common variant for Dillon – a surname he had considered adopting – when he unexpectedly saw poems by Dylan Thomas.Dylan, pp. 78–79. Explaining his change of name in a 2004 interview, he said, "You're born, you know, the wrong names, wrong parents. I mean, that happens. You call yourself what you want to call yourself. This is the land of the free."


Relocation to New York and record deal

In May 1960, Dylan dropped out of college at the end of his first year. In January 1961, he traveled to New York City to perform there and visit his musical idol Woody Guthrie,Sounes, p. 72 who was seriously ill with Huntington's disease in Greystone Park Psychiatric Hospital.Dylan, p. 98. Guthrie had been a revelation to Dylan and influenced his early performances. Describing Guthrie's impact, he wrote: "The songs themselves had the infinite sweep of humanity in them... [He] was the true voice of the American spirit. I said to myself I was going to be Guthrie's greatest disciple."Dylan, pp. 244–246. As well as visiting Guthrie in hospital, Dylan befriended Guthrie's protégé Ramblin' Jack Elliott. Much of Guthrie's repertoire was channeled through Elliott, and Dylan paid tribute to Elliott in (Chronicles: Volume One).Dylan, pp. 250–252.From February 1961, Dylan played at clubs around Greenwich Village, befriending and picking up material from folk singers there, including Dave Van Ronk, Fred Neil, Odetta, the New Lost City Ramblers and Irish musicians the Clancy Brothers and Tommy Makem.Shelton (2011), pp. 74–78. On April 11, Dylan commenced a two-week engagement at Gerde's Folk City, supporting John Lee Hooker.Heylin, 1996, Bob Dylan: A Life In Stolen Moments, p. 35. New York Times critic Robert Shelton first considered Dylan in a review of Izzy Young's production for WRVR of a live twelve-hour Hootenanny on July 29, 1961: "Among the newer promising talents deserving mention are a 20-year-old latter-day Guthrie disciple named Bob Dylan, with a curiously arresting mumbling, country-steeped manner." This was Dylan's first radio performance.WEB,weblink Folk Music Heard on 12-Hour Show, Shelton, Robert, July 29, 1961, April 3, 2017, The New York Times, In September, Shelton boosted Dylan's career with an enthusiastic review of his performance at Gerde's Folk City.Shelton, Robert (September 21, 1961). The New York Times, "Bob Dylan: A Distinctive Stylist" reproduced online: WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink April 21, 2008, Bob Dylan: A Distinctive Stylist last = Shelton accessdate=September 11, 2008Carolyn Hester's third album. This brought him to the attention of the album's producer, John Hammond (record producer)>John Hammond,WEB,weblink Carolyn Hester biography, Unterberger, Richie, October 8, 2003, December 8, 2016, AllMusic, who signed Dylan to Columbia Records.Shelton (2011), No Direction Home, p. 87Dylan's first album, Bob Dylan, released March 19, 1962,NEWS,weblink 50 years ago today: Bob Dylan released his debut album, Greene, Andy, March 19, 2012, CNN, March 4, 2017, consisted of familiar folk, blues and gospel with two original compositions. The album sold only 5,000 copies in its first year, just enough to break even.Scaduto, p. 110. Within Columbia Records, some referred to Dylan as "Hammond's Folly"{{sfn |Gilliland |1969 |loc=show 31, track 3, 5:12}} and suggested dropping his contract, but Hammond defended him and was supported by songwriter Johnny Cash. In March 1962, Dylan contributed harmonica and backup vocals to the album Three Kings and the Queen, accompanying Victoria Spivey and Big Joe Williams on a recording for Spivey Records.A photo of Dylan with Spivey at this session was on the cover of his 1970 album, New Morning. See Gray (2006), pp. 630–631. While working for Columbia, Dylan recorded under the pseudonym Blind Boy GruntWEB,weblink Blind Boy Grunt, Unterberger, Richie, February 12, 2011, AllMusic, for Broadside, a folk magazine and record label.Shelton, pp. 157–158. Dylan used the pseudonym Bob Landy to record as a piano player on The Blues Project, a 1964 anthology album by Elektra Records. As Tedham Porterhouse, Dylan played harmonica on Ramblin' Jack Elliott's 1964 album Jack Elliott.File:Joan Baez Bob Dylan.jpg|thumb|alt=Dylan is seated, singing and playing guitar. Seated to his right is a woman gazing upwards and singing with him.|Dylan with Joan Baez during the civil rights "March on Washington for Jobs and FreedomMarch on Washington for Jobs and FreedomDylan made two important career moves in August 1962: he legally changed his name to Bob Dylan,Sounes, p. 121.Heylin (2011), p. 97. and signed a management contract with Albert Grossman.Sounes, p. 116. (In June 1961, Dylan had signed an agreement with Roy Silver. In 1962, Grossman paid Silver $10,000 to become sole manager.)Sounes, pp. 94–95, 115. An interview with Silver on DVD, filmed for the documentary No Direction Home but not used, was included with the album Together Through Life. Grossman remained Dylan's manager until 1970, and was known for his sometimes confrontational personality and protective loyalty.Gray (2006), pp. 283–284. Dylan said, "He was kind of like a Colonel Tom Parker figure ... you could smell him coming." Tension between Grossman and John Hammond led to the latter suggesting Dylan work with the young African-American jazz producer, Tom Wilson, who produced several tracks for the second album without formal credit. Wilson produced the next three albums Dylan recorded.Heylin (2000), pp. 115–116.Shelton (1986), p. 154.Dylan made his first trip to the United Kingdom from December 1962 to January 1963.Heylin (1996), pp. 35–39. He had been invited by television director Philip Saville to appear in a drama, Madhouse on Castle Street, which Saville was directing for BBC Television.NEWS, Llewellyn-Smith, Caspar, Flash-back,weblink June 17, 2012, The Observer, September 18, 2005, London, At the end of the play, Dylan performed "Blowin' in the Wind", one of its first public performances. The film recording of Madhouse on Castle Street was discarded by the BBC in 1968. While in London, Dylan performed at London folk clubs, including the Troubadour, Les Cousins, and Bunjies. He also learned material from UK performers, including Martin Carthy.By the release of Dylan's second album, The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan, in May 1963, he had begun to make his name as a singer-songwriter. Many songs on the album were labeled protest songs, inspired partly by Guthrie and influenced by Pete Seeger's passion for topical songs.Shelton, pp. 138–142. "Oxford Town", for example, was an account of James Meredith's ordeal as the first black student to risk enrollment at the University of Mississippi.Shelton, p. 156. The first song on the album, "Blowin' in the Wind", partly derived its melody from the traditional slave song, "No More Auction Block",The booklet by John Bauldie accompanying Dylan's The Bootleg Series Volumes 1–3 (Rare & Unreleased) 1961–1991 (1991) says: "Dylan acknowledged the debt in 1978 to journalist Marc Rowland: Blowin' In The Wind' has always been a spiritual. I took it off a song called 'No More Auction Block'—that's a spiritual and 'Blowin' In The Wind follows the same feeling.{{' "}} pp. 6–8. while its lyrics questioned the social and political status quo. The song was widely recorded by other artists and became a hit for Peter, Paul and Mary.WEB, Eder, Bruce, Peter, Paul and Mary biography,weblink June 5, 2015, Billboard, Another song, "A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall", was based on the folk ballad "Lord Randall." With veiled references to an impending apocalypse, it gained resonance when the Cuban Missile Crisis developed a few weeks after Dylan began performing it.Heylin (2000), pp. 101–103.In a May 1963 interview with Studs Terkel, Dylan broadened the meaning of the song, saying "the pellets of poison flooding the waters" refers to "the lies people are told on their radios and in their newspapers." Cott (2006), p. 8. Like "Blowin' in the Wind", "A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall" marked a new direction in songwriting, blending a stream-of-consciousness, imagist lyrical attack with traditional folk form.Ricks, pp. 329–344.Dylan's topical songs led to his being viewed as more than just a songwriter. Janet Maslin wrote in 1980NEWS,weblink New &..., The Washington Post, December 23, 1980, June 20, 2019, of Freewheelin{{'}}: "These were the songs that established [Dylan] as the voice of his generation—someone who implicitly understood how concerned young Americans felt about nuclear disarmament and the growing Civil Rights Movement: his mixture of moral authority and nonconformity was perhaps the most timely of his attributes."Maslin, Janet in Miller, Jim (ed.) (1981), The Rolling Stone History of Rock & Roll, 1981, p. 220The title "Spokesman of a Generation" was viewed by Dylan with disgust in later years. He came to feel it was a label the media had pinned on him, and in his autobiography, Chronicles, Dylan wrote: "The press never let up. Once in a while I would have to rise up and offer myself for an interview so they wouldn't beat the door down. Later an article would hit the streets with the headline "Spokesman Denies That He's A Spokesman." I felt like a piece of meat that someone had thrown to the dogs." Dylan (2004), p.119 Freewheelin{{'}} also included love songs and surreal talking blues. Humor was an important part of Dylan's persona,Scaduto, p. 35. and the range of material on the album impressed listeners, including the Beatles. George Harrison said of the album: "We just played it, just wore it out. The content of the song lyrics and just the attitude—it was incredibly original and wonderful."Mojo magazine, December 1993. p. 97The rough edge of Dylan's singing was unsettling to some but an attraction to others. Novelist Joyce Carol Oates wrote: "When we first heard this raw, very young, and seemingly untrained voice, frankly nasal, as if sandpaper could sing, the effect was dramatic and electrifying."Hedin, p. 259. Many early songs reached the public through more palatable versions by other performers, such as Joan Baez, who became Dylan's advocate and lover.Sounes, pp. 136–138. Baez was influential in bringing Dylan to prominence by recording several of his early songs and inviting him on stage during her concerts.Joan Baez entry, Gray (2006), pp. 28–31.WEB,weblink Joan Baez Discusses Bob Dylan / 2009, Prague36, December 26, 2014, YouTube, "It didn't take long before people got it, that he was pretty damned special," says Baez.WEB,weblink Joan Baez Discusses Bob Dylan / 2009, Prague36, December 26, 2014, YouTube, Others who had hits with Dylan's songs in the early 1960s included the Byrds, Sonny & Cher, the Hollies, Peter, Paul and Mary, the Association, Manfred Mann and the Turtles. Most attempted a pop feel and rhythm, while Dylan and Baez performed them mostly as sparse folk songs. The covers became so ubiquitous that CBS promoted him with the slogan "Nobody Sings Dylan Like Dylan."NEWS,weblink It ain't me babe but I like how it sounds, August 15, 2007, September 24, 2008, Meacham, Steve, The Sydney Morning Herald, "Mixed-Up Confusion", recorded during the Freewheelin' sessions with a backing band, was released as a single but quickly withdrawn. In contrast to the mostly solo acoustic performances on the album, the single showed a willingness to experiment with a rockabilly sound. Cameron Crowe described it as "a fascinating look at a folk artist with his mind wandering towards Elvis Presley and Sun Records."Biograph, 1985, Liner notes & text by Cameron Crowe. Musicians on "Mixed Up Confusion": George Barnes & Bruce Langhorne (guitars); Dick Wellstood (piano); Gene Ramey (bass); Herb Lovelle (drums)

Protest and Another Side

|filename = Bob Dylan - The Times They Are a-Changin'.ogg
|title = "The Times They Are a-Changin'"
|description= Dylan said of "The Times They Are a-Changin'": "This was definitely a song with a purpose. I wanted to write a big song, some kind of theme song, with short concise verses that piled up on each other in a hypnotic way. The civil rights movement and the folk music movement were pretty close and allied together at that time."}}
In May 1963, Dylan's political profile rose when he walked out of The Ed Sullivan Show. During rehearsals, Dylan had been told by CBS television's head of program practices that "Talkin' John Birch Paranoid Blues" was potentially libelous to the John Birch Society. Rather than comply with censorship, Dylan refused to appear.Dylan had recorded "Talkin' John Birch Society Blues" for his Freewheelin album, but the song was replaced by later compositions, including "Masters of War." See Heylin (2000), pp. 114–115.By this time, Dylan and Baez were prominent in the civil rights movement, singing together at the March on Washington on August 28, 1963.Dylan performed "Only a Pawn in Their Game" and "When the Ship Comes In"; see Heylin (1996), p. 49. Dylan's third album, The Times They Are a-Changin', reflected a more politicized Dylan.Gill, pp. 37–41. The songs often took as their subject matter contemporary stories, with "Only a Pawn in Their Game" addressing the murder of civil rights worker Medgar Evers; and the Brechtian "The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll" the death of black hotel barmaid Hattie Carroll, at the hands of young white socialite William Zantzinger.Ricks, pp. 221–233. On a more general theme, "Ballad of Hollis Brown" and "North Country Blues" addressed despair engendered by the breakdown of farming and mining communities. This political material was accompanied by two personal love songs, "Boots of Spanish Leather" and "One Too Many Mornings."Williams, p. 56.By the end of 1963, Dylan felt both manipulated and constrained by the folk and protest movements.Shelton, pp. 200–205. Accepting the "Tom Paine Award" from the National Emergency Civil Liberties Committee shortly after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, an intoxicated Dylan questioned the role of the committee, characterized the members as old and balding, and claimed to see something of himself and of every man in Kennedy's assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald.Part of Dylan's speech went: "There's no black and white, left and right to me any more; there's only up and down and down is very close to the ground. And I'm trying to go up without thinking of anything trivial such as politics."; see, Shelton, pp. 200–205.File:Bob Dylan in November 1963.jpg|alt=A spotlight shines on Dylan as he performs onstage.|left|thumb|Bobby Dylan, as the college yearbook lists him: St. Lawrence UniversitySt. Lawrence UniversityAnother Side of Bob Dylan, recorded in a single evening on June 9, 1964,Heylin (1996), p. 60. had a lighter mood. The humorous Dylan reemerged on "I Shall Be Free No. 10" and "Motorpsycho Nightmare." "Spanish Harlem Incident" and "To Ramona" are passionate love songs, while "Black Crow Blues" and "I Don't Believe You (She Acts Like We Never Have Met)" suggest the rock and roll soon to dominate Dylan's music. "It Ain't Me Babe," on the surface a song about spurned love, has been described as a rejection of the role of political spokesman thrust upon him.Shelton, p. 222. His newest direction was signaled by two lengthy songs: the impressionistic "Chimes of Freedom", which sets social commentary against a metaphorical landscape in a style characterized by Allen Ginsberg as "chains of flashing images,"In an interview with Seth Goddard for Life (July 5, 2001) Ginsberg said Dylan's technique had been inspired by Jack Kerouac: "(Dylan) pulled Mexico City Blues from my hand and started reading it and I said, 'What do you know about that?' He said, 'Somebody handed it to me in '59 in St. Paul and it blew my mind.' So I said 'Why?' He said, 'It was the first poetry that spoke to me in my own language.' So those chains of flashing images you get in Dylan, like 'the motorcycle black Madonna two-wheeled gypsy queen and her silver studded phantom lover,' they're influenced by Kerouac's chains of flashing images and spontaneous writing, and that spreads out into the people." Reproduced online: WEB,weblink Online Interviews With Allen Ginsberg, October 8, 2004, September 11, 2008, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, and "My Back Pages", which attacks the simplistic and arch seriousness of his own earlier topical songs and seems to predict the backlash he was about to encounter from his former champions as he took a new direction.Shelton, pp. 219–222.In the latter half of 1964 and into 1965, Dylan moved from folk songwriter to folk-rock pop-music star. His jeans and work shirts were replaced by a Carnaby Street wardrobe, sunglasses day or night, and pointed "Beatle boots." A London reporter wrote: "Hair that would set the teeth of a comb on edge. A loud shirt that would dim the neon lights of Leicester Square. He looks like an undernourished cockatoo."Shelton, pp. 267–271; pp. 288–291. Dylan began to spar with interviewers. Appearing on the Les Crane television show and asked about a movie he planned, he told Crane it would be a cowboy horror movie. Asked if he played the cowboy, Dylan replied, "No, I play my mother."Heylin (2000), pp. 178–181.

Going electric

Dylan's late March 1965 album Bringing It All Back Home was another leap,Heylin (2000), pp. 181–182. featuring his first recordings with electric instruments, under producer Tom Wilson's guidance.MAGAZINE,weblink The Greatest Music Producer You've Never Heard of Is..., Michael Hall, Texas Monthly, January 6, 2014, May 17, 2019, The first single, "Subterranean Homesick Blues", owed much to Chuck Berry's "Too Much Monkey Business";Heylin (2009), pp. 220–222. its free association lyrics described as harking back to the energy of beat poetry and as a forerunner of rap and hip-hop.Marqusee, p. 144. The song was provided with an early video, which opened D. A. Pennebaker's cinéma vérité presentation of Dylan's 1965 tour of Great Britain, Dont Look Back.Gill, pp. 68–69. Instead of miming, Dylan illustrated the lyrics by throwing cue cards containing key words from the song on the ground. Pennebaker said the sequence was Dylan's idea, and it has been imitated in music videos and advertisements.Lee, p. 18.The second side of Bringing It All Back Home contained four long songs on which Dylan accompanied himself on acoustic guitar and harmonica.Sounes, pp. 168–169. "Mr. Tambourine Man" became one of his best-known songs when the Byrds recorded an electric version that reached number one in the US and UK.BOOK, Warwick, N., Brown, T., Kutner, J., 2004, The Complete Book of the British Charts, Third, 6, Omnibus Press, 978-1-84449-058-5, BOOK, Whitburn, J., 130, 2008, Top Pop Singles 1955–2006, Record Research Inc, 978-0-89820-172-7, "It's All Over Now, Baby Blue" and "It's Alright Ma (I'm Only Bleeding)" were two of Dylan's most important compositions.Shelton, pp. 276–277.In 1965, headlining the Newport Folk Festival, Dylan performed his first electric set since high school with a pickup group featuring Mike Bloomfield on guitar and Al Kooper on organ.Heylin (2000), pp. 208–216. Dylan had appeared at Newport in 1963 and 1964, but in 1965 met with cheering and booing and left the stage after three songs. One version has it that the boos were from folk fans whom Dylan had alienated by appearing, unexpectedly, with an electric guitar. Murray Lerner, who filmed the performance, said: "I absolutely think that they were booing Dylan going electric."WEB,weblink Exclusive: Dylan at Newport—Who Booed?, Mojo (magazine), Mojo, October 25, 2007, September 7, 2008, dead,weblink" title="">weblink April 12, 2009, mdy-all, An alternative account claims audience members were upset by poor sound and a short set. This account is supported by Kooper and one of the directors of the festival, who reports his recording proves the only boos were in reaction to the MC's announcement that there was only enough time for a short set.NEWS, 3,weblink Al Kooper talks Dylan, Conan, Hendrix, and lifetime in the music business, City Pages, Village Voice Media, April 28, 2010, May 1, 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink April 29, 2010, WEB,weblink Jackson, Bruce, August 26, 2002, May 8, 2010, The myth of Newport '65: It wasn't Bob Dylan they were booing, Buffalo Report,weblink" title="">weblink February 23, 2008, Nevertheless, Dylan's performance provoked a hostile response from the folk music establishment.Shelton, pp. 305–314.A year earlier, Irwin Silber, editor of Sing Out!, had published an "Open Letter to Bob Dylan", criticizing Dylan's stepping away from political songwriting: "I saw at Newport how you had somehow lost contact with people. Some of the paraphernalia of fame were getting in your way." Sing Out!, November 1964, quoted in Shelton, p. 313. This letter has been mistakenly described as a response to Dylan's 1965 Newport appearance. In the September issue of Sing Out!, Ewan MacColl wrote: "Our traditional songs and ballads are the creations of extraordinarily talented artists working inside disciplines formulated over time ...'But what of Bobby Dylan?' scream the outraged teenagers ... Only a completely non-critical audience, nourished on the watery pap of pop music, could have fallen for such tenth-rate drivel."Sing Out!, September 1965, quoted in Shelton, p. 313. On July 29, four days after Newport, Dylan was back in the studio in New York, recording "Positively 4th Street." The lyrics contained images of vengeance and paranoia,"You got a lotta nerve/To say you are my friend/When I was down/You just stood there grinning" Reproduced online:WEB,weblink Positively 4th Street, Bob, Dylan, April 21, 2015,, and it has been interpreted as Dylan's put-down of former friends from the folk community—friends he had known in clubs along West 4th Street.Sounes, p. 186.

Highway 61 Revisited and Blonde on Blonde

{{listen|type=music|filename=Bob Dylan - Like a Rolling Stone.ogg|title="Like a Rolling Stone"|description=Dylan's 1965 hit single, which appeared on the album Highway 61 Revisited. In 2004, it was chosen as the greatest song of all time by Rolling Stone magazine.}}In July 1965, Dylan's six-minute single "Like a Rolling Stone" peaked at number two in the U.S. chart. In 2004 and in 2011, Rolling Stone listed it as number one of "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time."WEB,weblink The Rolling Stone 500 Greatest Songs of All Time, September 11, 2019, Rock List Music, WEB,weblink 500 Greatest Songs Of All Time, April 7, 2011, September 11, 2019, Rolling Stone, Commenting on both the length of the song and its unconventional theme, Rolling Stone wrote: "No other pop song has so thoroughly challenged and transformed the commercial laws and artistic conventions of its time, for all time." Bruce Springsteen, in his speech for Dylan's inauguration into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, said that on first hearing the single, "that snare shot sounded like somebody'd kicked open the door to your mind."Springsteen's Speech during Dylan's induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, January 20, 1988 Quoted in Bauldie, p. 191. The song opened Dylan's next album, Highway 61 Revisited, named after the road that led from Dylan's Minnesota to the musical hotbed of New Orleans.Gill, pp. 87–88. The songs were in the same vein as the hit single, flavored by Mike Bloomfield's blues guitar and Al Kooper's organ riffs. "Desolation Row", backed by acoustic guitar and understated bass,Polizzotti identifies Charlie McCoy on guitar and Russ Savakus on bass as the musicians, see Polizzotti, Highway 61 Revisited, p. 133 offers the sole exception, with Dylan alluding to figures in Western culture in a song described by Andy Gill as "an 11-minute epic of entropy, which takes the form of a Fellini-esque parade of grotesques and oddities featuring a huge cast of celebrated characters, some historical (Einstein, Nero), some biblical (Noah, Cain and Abel), some fictional (Ophelia, Romeo, Cinderella), some literary (T. S. Eliot and Ezra Pound), and some who fit into none of the above categories, notably Dr. Filth and his dubious nurse."Gill, p. 89.In support of the album, Dylan was booked for two U.S. concerts with Al Kooper and Harvey Brooks from his studio crew and Robbie Robertson and Levon Helm, former members of Ronnie Hawkins's backing band the Hawks.Heylin (1996), pp. 80–81 On August 28 at Forest Hills Tennis Stadium, the group was heckled by an audience still annoyed by Dylan's electric sound. The band's reception on September 3 at the Hollywood Bowl was more favorable.Sounes, pp. 189–90.From September 24, 1965, in Austin, Texas, Dylan toured the U.S. and Canada for six months, backed by the five musicians from the Hawks who became known as the Band.Heylin (1996), pp. 82–94 While Dylan and the Hawks met increasingly receptive audiences, their studio efforts floundered. Producer Bob Johnston persuaded Dylan to record in Nashville in February 1966, and surrounded him with top-notch session men. At Dylan's insistence, Robertson and Kooper came from New York City to play on the sessions.Heylin (2000), pp. 238–243. The Nashville sessions produced the double album Blonde on Blonde (1966), featuring what Dylan called "that thin wild mercury sound.""The closest I ever got to the sound I hear in my mind was on individual bands in the Blonde on Blonde album. It's that thin, that wild mercury sound. It's metallic and bright gold, with whatever that conjures up." Dylan Interview, Playboy, March 1978; reprinted in Cott, Dylan on Dylan: The Essential Interviews, p. 204. Kooper described it as "taking two cultures and smashing them together with a huge explosion": the musical world of Nashville and the world of the "quintessential New York hipster" Bob Dylan.Gill, p. 95.On November 22, 1965, Dylan secretly married 25-year-old former model Sara Lownds.Sounes, p. 193. Robertson writes in his memoir about receiving a phone call that morning to accompany the couple to the court, and then later to a reception hosted by Al Grossman at the Algonquin Hotel. Some of Dylan's friends, including Ramblin' Jack Elliott, say that, immediately after the event, Dylan denied he was married. Journalist Nora Ephron made the news public in the New York Post in February 1966 with the headline "Hush! Bob Dylan is wed."Shelton, p. 325.Dylan toured Australia and Europe in April and May 1966. Each show was split in two. Dylan performed solo during the first half, accompanying himself on acoustic guitar and harmonica. In the second, backed by (The Band#Early years: The Hawks|the Hawks), he played electrically amplified music. This contrast provoked many fans, who jeered and slow handclapped.Heylin (2000), pp. 244–261. The tour culminated in a raucous confrontation between Dylan and his audience at the Manchester Free Trade Hall in England on May 17, 1966.WEB,weblink Live 1966, September 6, 1998, May 2, 2010, NME, UK, A recording of this concert was released in 1998: (The Bootleg Series Vol. 4: Bob Dylan Live 1966, The "Royal Albert Hall" Concert|The Bootleg Series Vol. 4: Bob Dylan Live 1966). At the climax of the evening, a member of the audience, angered by Dylan's electric backing, shouted: "Judas!" to which Dylan responded, "I don't believe you ... You're a liar!" Dylan turned to his band and said, "Play it fucking loud!"Dylan's dialogue with the Manchester audience is recorded (with subtitles) in Martin Scorsese's documentary No Direction Home as they launched into the final song of the night—"Like a Rolling Stone."During his 1966 tour, Dylan was described as exhausted and acting "as if on a death trip."Heylin (2011), p. 251. D. A. Pennebaker, the film maker accompanying the tour, described Dylan as "taking a lot of amphetamine and who-knows-what-else."Heylin (2011), p. 250. In a 1969 interview with Jann Wenner, Dylan said, "I was on the road for almost five years. It wore me down. I was on drugs, a lot of things ... just to keep going, you know?"Rolling Stone, November 29, 1969. Reprinted in Cott (ed.), Dylan on Dylan: The Essential Interviews, p. 140. In 2011, BBC Radio 4 reported that, in an interview that Robert Shelton taped in 1966, Dylan said he had kicked heroin in New York City: "I got very, very strung out for a while ... I had about a $25-a-day habit and I kicked it."NEWS,weblink Dylan tapes reveal heroin addiction, Jones, Rebecca, May 23, 2011, May 26, 2011, BBC Radio 4, Some journalists questioned the validity of this confession, pointing out that Dylan had "been telling journalists wild lies about his past since the earliest days of his career."WEB,weblink Questions About Bob Dylan's Claim That He was Once a Heroin Addict, Greene, Andy, May 23, 2011, May 26, 2011, Rolling Stone, NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan: finally an admission about his heroin use, but is it the truth?, Brown, Mick, May 23, 2011, May 26, 2011, The Daily Telegraph, London,

Motorcycle accident and reclusion

After his tour, Dylan returned to New York, but the pressures increased. ABC Television had paid an advance for a TV show.Sounes, p. 215. His publisher, Macmillan, was demanding a manuscript of the poem/novel Tarantula. Manager Albert Grossman had scheduled a concert tour for the latter part of the year.On July 29, 1966, Dylan crashed his 500cc Triumph Tiger 100 motorcycle near his home in Woodstock, New York, and was thrown to the ground. Though the extent of his injuries was never disclosed, Dylan said that he broke several vertebrae in his neck.Sounes, pp. 217–219. Mystery still surrounds the circumstances of the accident since no ambulance was called to the scene and Dylan was not hospitalized.WEB,weblink The Bob Dylan Motorcycle-Crash Mystery, Scherman, Tony, July 29, 2006, June 18, 2014, American Heritage, dead,weblink" title="">weblink November 6, 2006, Dylan's biographers have written that the crash offered Dylan the chance to escape the pressures around him.Heylin (2000), p. 268. Dylan confirmed this interpretation in his autobiography: "I had been in a motorcycle accident and I'd been hurt, but I recovered. Truth was that I wanted to get out of the rat race."Dylan, p. 114. Dylan withdrew from public and, apart from a few appearances, did not tour again for almost eight years.Heylin (1996), p. 143.Once Dylan was well enough to resume creative work, he began to edit D. A. Pennebaker's film of his 1966 tour. A rough cut was shown to ABC Television, which rejected it as incomprehensible to a mainstream audience.Sounes, p. 216. The film was subsequently titled Eat the Document on bootleg copies, and it has been screened at a handful of film festivals.Lee, pp. 39–63. In 1967 he began recording with the Hawks at his home and in the basement of the Hawks' nearby house, "Big Pink."Sounes, pp. 222–225. These songs, initially demos for other artists to record, provided hits for Julie Driscoll and the Brian Auger Trinity ("This Wheel's on Fire"), The Byrds ("You Ain't Goin' Nowhere", "Nothing Was Delivered"), and Manfred Mann ("Mighty Quinn"). Columbia released selections in 1975 as The Basement Tapes. Over the years, more songs recorded by Dylan and his band in 1967 appeared on bootleg recordings, culminating in a five-CD set titled The Genuine Basement Tapes, containing 107 songs and alternative takes.Marcus, pp. 236–265. In the coming months, the Hawks recorded the album Music from Big Pink using songs they worked on in their basement in Woodstock, and renamed themselves the Band,Helm, Levon and Davis, This Wheel's on Fire, p. 164; p. 174. beginning a long recording and performing career of their own.In October and November 1967, Dylan returned to Nashville.WEB, Columbia Studio A, Nashville, Tennessee, John Wesley Harding sessions,weblink November 10, 2008, Bjorner's Still On the Road, Back in the studio after 19 months, he was accompanied by Charlie McCoy on bass, Kenny Buttrey on drums, and Pete Drake on steel guitar. The result was John Wesley Harding, a contemplative record of shorter songs, set in a landscape that drew on the American West and the Bible. The sparse structure and instrumentation, with lyrics that took the Judeo-Christian tradition seriously, departed from Dylan's own work and from the psychedelic fervor of the 1960s.Heylin (2000), pp. 282–288. It included "All Along the Watchtower", with lyrics derived from the Book of Isaiah (21:5–9). The song was later recorded by Jimi Hendrix, whose version Dylan acknowledged as definitive.Biograph, 1985, Liner notes & text by Cameron Crowe. Woody Guthrie died on October 3, 1967, and Dylan made his first live appearance in twenty months at a Guthrie memorial concert held at Carnegie Hall on January 20, 1968, where he was backed by the Band.Heylin (2011), p. 289.{{Listen|type=music
|filename = Lay Lady Lay.ogg
|title = "Lay Lady Lay"
|description= "Lay Lady Lay", on the country album Nashville Skyline, has been one of Dylan's biggest hits, reaching No. 7 in the U.S.Shelton, p. 463.}}
Dylan's next release, Nashville Skyline (1969), was mainstream country featuring Nashville musicians, a mellow-voiced Dylan, a duet with Johnny Cash, and the hit single "Lay Lady Lay."Gill, p. 140. Variety wrote, "Dylan is definitely doing something that can be called singing. Somehow he has managed to add an octave to his range."Shelton (2011), p. 273. During one recording session, Dylan and Cash recorded a series of duets but only their version of Dylan's "Girl from the North Country" was released on the album.WEB,weblink 5th Nashville Skyline session, 18 February 1969, Bjorner, Olof, November 21, 2015, October 31, 2016,, WEB,weblink Johnny Cash and Bob Dylan record 'One Too Many Mornings', February 18, 1969, October 31, 2016, YouTube, In May 1969, Dylan appeared on the first episode of Johnny Cash's television show and sang a duet with Cash of "Girl from the North Country", with solos of "Living the Blues" and "I Threw It All Away."WEB,weblink Bob Dylan ~ I Threw It All Away~ Live on The Johnny Cash Show 1969, NoRosesForMe, November 27, 2011, YouTube, Dylan next traveled to England to top the bill at the Isle of Wight festival on August 31, 1969, after rejecting overtures to appear at the Woodstock Festival closer to his home.Sounes, pp. 248–253.


In the early 1970s, critics charged that Dylan's output was varied and unpredictable. Rolling Stone writer Greil Marcus asked "What is this shit?" on first listening to Self Portrait, released in June 1970.NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan: Writings 1968–2010 by Greil Marcus, Ford, Mark, May 14, 2011, August 20, 2011, The Guardian, London, WEB,weblink Bob Dylan—Disc of the Day: Self Portrait, Male, Andrew, November 26, 2007, September 24, 2008, Mojo (magazine), Mojo, dead,weblink" title="">weblink January 13, 2009, mdy-all, It was a double LP including few original songs, and was poorly received.WEB,weblink Self Portrait, Christgau, Robert, May 2, 2010,, In October 1970, Dylan released New Morning, considered a return to form.Shelton, p. 482. This album included "Day of the Locusts", a song in which Dylan gave an account of receiving an honorary degree from Princeton University on June 9, 1970.Heylin, 2009, Revolution In The Air, The Songs of Bob Dylan: Volume One, pp. 414–415. In November 1968, Dylan had co-written "I'd Have You Anytime" with George Harrison;Heylin (2009), pp. 391–392. Harrison recorded "I'd Have You Anytime" and Dylan's "If Not for You" for his 1970 solo triple album All Things Must Pass. Dylan's surprise appearance at Harrison's 1971 Concert for Bangladesh attracted media coverage, reflecting that Dylan's live appearances had become rare.Heylin (2000), pp. 328–331.Between March 16 and 19, 1971, Dylan reserved three days at Blue Rock, a small studio in Greenwich Village, to record with Leon Russell. These sessions resulted in "Watching the River Flow" and a new recording of "When I Paint My Masterpiece."Heylin (1996), p. 128. On November 4, 1971, Dylan recorded "George Jackson", which he released a week later. For many, the single was a surprising return to protest material, mourning the killing of Black Panther George Jackson in San Quentin State Prison that year.Gray (2006), pp. 342–343. Dylan contributed piano and harmony to Steve Goodman's album, Somebody Else's Troubles, under the pseudonym Robert Milkwood Thomas (referencing Under Milk Wood by Dylan Thomas and his own previous name) in September 1972.Gray (2006), p. 267.In 1972, Dylan signed to Sam Peckinpah's film Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid, providing songs and backing music for the movie, and playing "Alias", a member of Billy's gang with some historical basis.C. P. Lee wrote: "In Garrett's ghost-written memoir, The Authentic Life of Billy, the Kid, published within a year of Billy's death, he wrote that 'Billy's partner doubtless had a name which was his legal property, but he was so given to changing it that it is impossible to fix on the right one. Billy always called him Alias.{{'"}} Lee, pp. 66–67. Despite the film's failure at the box office, the song "Knockin' on Heaven's Door" became one of Dylan's most covered songs.WEB, Björner, Olof, Dylan covers sorted by song name: k,weblink, June 11, 2012, Artists to have covered the song include Bryan Ferry, Wyclef Jean and Guns N' Roses. WEB,weblink Dylan's Legacy Keeps Growing, Cover By Cover, June 26, 2007, October 1, 2008, NPR Music, Also in 1972, Dylan protested the move to deport John Lennon and Yoko Ono, who had been convicted of possessing cannabis, by sending a letter to the U.S. Immigration Service, in part: "Hurray for John & Yoko. Let them stay and live here and breathe. The country's got plenty of room and space. Let John and Yoko stay!""Letters of Note" {{webarchive|url= |date=October 31, 2016 }}, November 18, 2010

Return to touring

File:Bob Dylan and The Band - 1974.jpg|thumb|alt=Dylan together with three musicians from The Band onstage. Dylan is third from left, wearing a black jacket and pants. He is singing and playing an electric guitar.|Bob Dylan and the Bandthe BandDylan began 1973 by signing with a new label, David Geffen's Asylum Records (and Island in the UK), when his contract with Columbia Records expired. On his next album, Planet Waves, he used the Band as backing group, while rehearsing for a tour. The album included two versions of "Forever Young", which became one of his most popular songs.Sounes, pp. 273–274. As one critic described it, the song projected "something hymnal and heartfelt that spoke of the father in Dylan",Heylin (2000), p. 354. and Dylan himself commented: "I wrote it thinking about one of my boys and not wanting to be too sentimental."Columbia Records simultaneously released Dylan, a collection of studio outtakes (almost exclusively covers), widely interpreted as a churlish response to Dylan's signing with a rival record label.Heylin (2000), p. 358. In January 1974, Dylan returned to touring after seven years; backed by the Band, he embarked on a North American tour of 40 concerts. A live double album, Before the Flood, was on Asylum Records. Soon, according to Clive Davis, Columbia Records sent word they "will spare nothing to bring Dylan back into the fold."Shelton, p. 378. Dylan had second thoughts about Asylum, miffed that while there had been millions of unfulfilled ticket requests for the 1974 tour, Geffen had sold only 700,000 copies of Planet Waves. Dylan returned to Columbia Records, which reissued his two Asylum albums.{{Listen|type=music
|filename = Tangled Up In Blue.ogg
|title = "Tangled Up in Blue"
|description= Dylan said of the opening song from Blood on the Tracks: "I was trying to deal with the concept of time, and the way the characters change from the first person to the third person, and you're never sure if the first person is talking or the third person. But as you look at the whole thing it really doesn't matter."}}
After the tour, Dylan and his wife became estranged. He filled a small red notebook with songs about relationships and ruptures, and recorded an album entitled Blood on the Tracks in September 1974.Heylin (2000), pp. 368–383. Dylan delayed the release and re-recorded half the songs at Sound 80 Studios in Minneapolis with production assistance from his brother, David Zimmerman.Heylin (2000), pp. 369–387.Released in early 1975, Blood on the Tracks received mixed reviews. In the NME, Nick Kent described "the accompaniments [as] often so trashy they sound like mere practice takes."Heylin (2000), p. 383. In Rolling Stone, Jon Landau wrote that "the record has been made with typical shoddiness." Over the years critics came to see it as one of Dylan's greatest achievements. For the Salon website, journalist Bill Wyman wrote: "Blood on the Tracks is his only flawless album and his best produced; the songs, each of them, are constructed in disciplined fashion. It is his kindest album and most dismayed, and seems in hindsight to have achieved a sublime balance between the logorrhea-plagued excesses of his mid-1960s output and the self-consciously simple compositions of his post-accident years."NEWS, Bob Dylan, Salon (website), Salon, May 5, 2001,weblink September 7, 2008, Novelist Rick Moody called it "the truest, most honest account of a love affair from tip to stern ever put down on magnetic tape."Hedin, p. 109.File:Ginsberg-dylan.jpg|thumb|left|alt=Dylan, wearing a hat and leather coat, plays guitar and sings, seated. Crouched next to him is a bearded man, listening to him with head bent.|Bob Dylan with Allen Ginsberg on the Rolling Thunder Revue in 1975. Photo: Elsa DorfmanElsa DorfmanIn the middle of that year, Dylan wrote a ballad championing boxer Rubin "Hurricane" Carter, imprisoned for a triple murder in Paterson, New Jersey, in 1966. After visiting Carter in jail, Dylan wrote "Hurricane", presenting the case for Carter's innocence. Despite its length—over eight minutes—the song was released as a single, peaking at 33 on the U.S. Billboard chart, and performed at every 1975 date of Dylan's next tour, the Rolling Thunder Revue.According to Shelton, Dylan named the tour Rolling Thunder and then "appeared pleased when someone told him to native Americans, rolling thunder means speaking the truth." A Cherokee medicine man named Rolling Thunder appeared on stage at Providence, RI, "stroking a feather in time to the music." Shelton (2011), p. 310.NEWS, Log of every performance of "Hurricane", Bjorner's Still on the Road, August 20, 2006,weblink July 7, 2013, The tour featured about one hundred performers and supporters from the Greenwich Village folk scene, including T-Bone Burnett, Ramblin' Jack Elliott, Joni Mitchell,WEB, Kokay, Les via Olof Björner, Songs of the Underground: a collector's guide to the Rolling Thunder Revue 1975–1976, 2000,weblink February 18, 2007, BOOK, Sloman, Larry, On The Road with Bob Dylan, Three Rivers Press, 978-1-4000-4596-9, 2002, David Mansfield, Roger McGuinn, Mick Ronson, Joan Baez, and Scarlet Rivera, whom Dylan discovered walking down the street, her violin case on her back.Gray (2006), p. 579. Allen Ginsberg accompanied the troupe, staging scenes for the film Dylan was shooting. Sam Shepard was hired to write the screenplay, but ended up accompanying the tour as informal chronicler.Shepard, pp. 2–49.Running through late 1975 and again through early 1976, the tour encompassed the release of the album Desire, with many of Dylan's new songs featuring a travelogue-like narrative style, showing the influence of his new collaborator, playwright Jacques Levy.Heylin (2000), pp. 386–401,Gray (2006), p. 408. The 1976 half of the tour was documented by a TV concert special, Hard Rain, and the LP Hard Rain; no concert album from the better-received and better-known opening half of the tour was released until 2002's (The Bootleg Series Vol. 5: Bob Dylan Live 1975, The Rolling Thunder Revue|Live 1975).{{ALLMUSIC>CLASS=ALBUMPURE_URL=YES, author=Erlewine, Stephen accessdate=September 25, 2008| website=AllMusic}}A documentary of the 1975 leg of the Rolling Thunder Revue, (Rolling Thunder Revue: A Bob Dylan Story by Martin Scorsese) was released by Netflix on June 12, 2019, with a fourteen-CD box set of rehearsals and five complete recordings of Dylan's performances from the Revue released on June 7, 2019, as The Rolling Thunder Revue: The 1975 Live Recordings. The documentary features participants interviewed by Jeff Rosen over decades and it was assembled by Martin Scorsese and editor David Tedeschi.WEB, Willman, Chris, Martin Scorsese's Rolling Thunder Bob Dylan Doc Hits Netflix June 12 (Exclusive),weblink Variety (magazine), Variety,, May 24, 2019, April 25, 2019, File:Bob Dylan 1978.jpg|thumb|upright|Dylan performing in the De KuipDe KuipThe 1975 tour with the Revue provided the backdrop to Dylan's nearly four-hour film Renaldo and Clara, a sprawling narrative mixed with concert footage and reminiscences. Released in 1978, the movie received poor, sometimes scathing, reviews.NEWS,weblink Renaldo and Clara, Film by Bob Dylan: Rolling Thunderlast=Maslin, Janet Maslin, January 26, 1978, May 24, 2019, The New York Times, Sounes, p. 313. Later in that year, a two-hour edit, dominated by the concert performances, was more widely released.Lee, pp. 115–116.In November 1976, Dylan appeared at the Band's "farewell" concert, with Eric Clapton, Joni Mitchell, Muddy Waters, Van Morrison and Neil Young. Martin Scorsese's cinematic chronicle, The Last Waltz, in 1978 included about half of Dylan's set.WEB,weblink Reviews of The Last Waltz, October 8, 2007, July 11, 2018, Metacritic, In 1976, Dylan wrote and duetted on "Sign Language" for Eric Clapton's No Reason To Cry.WEB,weblink 50 fascinating facts for Bob Dylan's 50th birthday, May 22, 1991, September 28, 2008, Bream, Jon, Star Tribune, In 1978, Dylan embarked on a year-long world tour, performing 114 shows in Japan, the Far East, Europe and the US, to a total audience of two million. Dylan assembled an eight-piece band and three backing singers. Concerts in Tokyo in February and March were released as the live double album, Bob Dylan At Budokan.Sounes, pp. 314–316. Reviews were mixed. Robert Christgau awarded the album a C+ rating, giving the album a derisory review,WEB,weblink Robert Christgau: Bob Dylan accessdate=August 4, 2010Janet Maslin defended it in Rolling Stone, writing: "These latest live versions of his old songs have the effect of liberating Bob Dylan from the originals."HTTPS://WWW.ROLLINGSTONE.COM/MUSIC/ALBUMREVIEWS/AT-BUDOKAN-19790712AUTHOR=MASLIN, JANETDATE=JULY 12, 1979WORK=ROLLING STONE, When Dylan brought the tour to the U.S. in September 1978, the press described the look and sound as a 'Las Vegas Tour'.Heylin (2000), p. 483. The 1978 tour grossed more than $20 million, and Dylan told the Los Angeles Times that he had debts because "I had a couple of bad years. I put a lot of money into the movie, built a big house  ... and it costs a lot to get divorced in California."In April and May 1978, Dylan took the same band and vocalists into Rundown Studios in Santa Monica, California, to record an album of new material: Street-Legal.Heylin (2011), pp. 479–481. It was described by Michael Gray as, "after Blood On The Tracks, arguably Dylan's best record of the 1970s: a crucial album documenting a crucial period in Dylan's own life."Gray (2006), p. 643. However, it had poor sound and mixing (attributed to Dylan's studio practices), muddying the instrumental detail until a remastered CD release in 1999 restored some of the songs' strengths.Heylin (2000), pp. 480–481.

Christian period

{{further|Slow Train Coming#Conversion to Christianity}}{{Listen|type=music
|filename = Gotta_Serve_Somebody.ogg
|title = "Gotta Serve Somebody"
|description=Dylan took five months off at the beginning of 1979 to attend Bible school. His subsequent album Slow Train Coming reached No. 3 on the U.S. Billboard 200 chart and included this Grammy-winning song.}}
In the late 1970s, Dylan converted to Evangelical Christianity,BOOK,weblink 324–325, Down The Highway: The Life Of Bob Dylan, Howard Sounes, Random House, September 30, 2011, 9781446464755, undertaking a three-month discipleship course run by the Association of Vineyard Churches;BOOK,weblink 494–496, Behind the Shades: The 20th Anniversary Edition, Clinton Heylin, Faber & Faber, April 1, 2011, 9780571272419, Dylan Interview with Karen Hughes, The Dominion, Wellington, New Zealand, May 21, 1980; reprinted in Cott (ed.), Dylan on Dylan: The Essential Interviews, pp. 275–278 and released two albums of contemporary gospel music. Slow Train Coming (1979) featured the guitar accompaniment of Mark Knopfler (of Dire Straits) and was produced by veteran R&B producer Jerry Wexler. Wexler said that Dylan had tried to evangelize him during the recording. He replied: "Bob, you're dealing with a 62-year-old Jewish atheist. Let's just make an album."Heylin (2000), pp. 501–503. Dylan won the Grammy Award for Best Male Rock Vocal Performance for the song "Gotta Serve Somebody." His second Christian-themed album, Saved (1980), received mixed reviews, described by Michael Gray as "the nearest thing to a follow-up album Dylan has ever made, Slow Train Coming II and inferior"Gray (2000), p. 11. When touring in late 1979 and early 1980, Dylan would not play his older, secular works, and he delivered declarations of his faith from the stage, such as:}}Dylan's Christianity was unpopular with some fans and musicians.Sounes, pp. 334–336. Shortly before his murder, John Lennon recorded "Serve Yourself" in response to Dylan's "Gotta Serve Somebody."BOOK, Robert, Rosen, Nowhere Man: The Final Days of John Lennon, 2002, Quick American Archives, 137, 978-0-932551-51-1, harv, By 1981, Stephen Holden wrote in The New York Times that "neither age (he's now 40) nor his much-publicized conversion to born-again Christianity has altered his essentially iconoclastic temperament."NEWS, Rock: Dylan, in Jersey, Revises Old Standbys, The New York Times, Stephen, Holden, October 29, 1981, C19,weblink May 12, 2010,


(File:Bob Dylan in Toronto2.jpg|thumb|alt=Dylan, onstage and with eyes closed, plays a chord on an electric guitar.|Dylan in Toronto April 18, 1980)In late 1980, Dylan briefly played concerts billed as "A Musical Retrospective", restoring popular 1960s songs to the repertoire. Shot of Love, recorded early the next year, featured his first secular compositions in more than two years, mixed with Christian songs. "Every Grain of Sand" reminded some of William Blake's verses.Gray (2006), pp. 215–221.In the 1980s, reception of Dylan's recordings varied, from the well-regarded Infidels in 1983 to the panned Down in the Groove in 1988. Michael Gray condemned Dylan's 1980s albums for carelessness in the studio and for failing to release his best songs.Gray (2000), pp. 11–14. As an example of the latter, the Infidels recording sessions, which again employed Knopfler on lead guitar and also as the album's producer, resulted in several notable songs that Dylan left off the album. Best regarded of these were "Blind Willie McTell", a tribute to the dead blues musician and an evocation of African American history,Gray (2006), pp. 56–59. "Foot of Pride" and "Lord Protect My Child." These three songs were released on The Bootleg Series Volumes 1–3 (Rare & Unreleased) 1961–1991.Sounes, pp. 354–356.Between July 1984 and March 1985, Dylan recorded Empire Burlesque.Sounes, p. 362. Arthur Baker, who had remixed hits for Bruce Springsteen and Cyndi Lauper, was asked to engineer and mix the album. Baker said he felt he was hired to make Dylan's album sound "a little bit more contemporary."In 1985 Dylan sang on USA for Africa's famine relief single "We Are the World." He also joined Artists United Against Apartheid providing vocals for their single "Sun City."WEB,weblink Steven Van Zandt Tells The Story Of 'Sun City' And Fighting Apartheid In South Africa, Fast Company, December 13, 2013, May 14, 2017, On July 13, 1985, he appeared at the climax at the Live Aid concert at JFK Stadium, Philadelphia. Backed by Keith Richards and Ronnie Wood, he performed a ragged version of "Hollis Brown", his ballad of rural poverty, and then said to the worldwide audience exceeding one billion people: "I hope that some of the money ... maybe they can just take a little bit of it, maybe ... one or two million, maybe ... and use it to pay the mortgages on some of the farms and, the farmers here, owe to the banks."Sounes, p. 367. His remarks were widely criticized as inappropriate, but they did inspire Willie Nelson to organize a series of events, Farm Aid, to benefit debt-ridden American farmers.Sounes, pp. 365–367.In April 1986, Dylan made a foray into rap music when he added vocals to the opening verse of "Street Rock", featured on Kurtis Blow's album Kingdom Blow.Gray (2006), p. 63 Dylan's next studio album, Knocked Out Loaded, in July 1986 contained three covers (by Little Junior Parker, Kris Kristofferson and the gospel hymn "Precious Memories"), plus three collaborations (with Tom Petty, Sam Shepard and Carole Bayer Sager), and two solo compositions by Dylan. One reviewer commented that "the record follows too many detours to be consistently compelling, and some of those detours wind down roads that are indisputably dead ends. By 1986, such uneven records weren't entirely unexpected by Dylan, but that didn't make them any less frustrating."WEB, {{Allmusic, album, r6448, yes, | title = Knocked Out Loaded| author=Erlewine, Stephen Thomas| accessdate=May 2, 2010| website=AllMusic}} It was the first Dylan album since Freewheelin' (1963) to fail to make the Top 50.Heylin (2000), p. 595. Since then, some critics have called the 11-minute epic that Dylan co-wrote with Sam Shepard, "Brownsville Girl", a work of genius.Gray (2006), pp. 95–100.In 1986 and 1987, Dylan toured with Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, sharing vocals with Petty on several songs each night. Dylan also toured with the Grateful Dead in 1987, resulting in a live album Dylan & The Dead. This received negative reviews; AllMusic said it was "Quite possibly the worst album by either Bob Dylan or the Grateful Dead."WEB, {{Allmusic, album, r54428, yes, author=Erlewine, Stephen Thomas accessdate=September 10, 2009| website=AllMusic}} Dylan then initiated what came to be called the Never Ending Tour on June 7, 1988, performing with a back-up band featuring guitarist G. E. Smith. Dylan continued to tour with a small, evolving band for the next 20 years.Heylin (1996), pp. 297–299.(File:Bob Dylan Barcelona.jpg|thumb|left|upright|alt=Dylan plays his guitar and sings into a microphone onstage.|Dylan in Barcelona, Spain, 1984)In 1987, Dylan starred in Richard Marquand's movie Hearts of Fire, in which he played Billy Parker, a washed-up rock star turned chicken farmer whose teenage lover (Fiona) leaves him for a jaded English synth-pop sensation played by Rupert Everett.Sounes, pp. 376–383. Dylan also contributed two original songs to the soundtrack—"Night After Night", and "I Had a Dream About You, Baby", as well as a cover of John Hiatt's "The Usual." The film was a critical and commercial flop.Heylin (2000), pp. 599–604.Dylan was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in January 1988, with Bruce Springsteen's introduction declaring, "Bob freed your mind the way Elvis freed your body. He showed us that just because music was innately physical did not mean that it was anti-intellectual."Speech on Bob Dylan's induction to the Rock'n'Roll Hall of Fame, January 20, 1988, reprinted in Bauldie, pp. 191–193.The album Down in the Groove in May 1988 sold even more unsuccessfully than his previous studio album.Sounes, p. 385. Michael Gray wrote: "The very title undercuts any idea that inspired work may lie within. Here was a further devaluing of the notion of a new Bob Dylan album as something significant."Gray (2000), p. 13. The critical and commercial disappointment of that album was swiftly followed by the success of the Traveling Wilburys. Dylan co-founded the band with George Harrison, Jeff Lynne, Roy Orbison, and Tom Petty, and in late 1988 their multi-platinum Traveling Wilburys Vol. 1 reached three on the US album chart, featuring songs that were described as Dylan's most accessible compositions in years.Heylin (2000), pp. 627–628. Despite Orbison's death in December 1988, the remaining four recorded a second album in May 1990 with the title Traveling Wilburys Vol. 3.Heylin (2000), pp. 638–640.Dylan finished the decade on a critical high note with Oh Mercy produced by Daniel Lanois. Michael Gray wrote that the album was: "Attentively written, vocally distinctive, musically warm, and uncompromisingly professional, this cohesive whole is the nearest thing to a great Bob Dylan album in the 1980s."Dylan, pp. 145–221. The track "Most of the Time", a lost love composition, was later prominently featured in the film High Fidelity, while "What Was It You Wanted?" has been interpreted both as a catechism and a wry comment on the expectations of critics and fans.Ricks, pp. 413–20. The religious imagery of "Ring Them Bells" struck some critics as a re-affirmation of faith.Scott Marshall wrote: "When Dylan sings that 'The sun is going down upon the sacred cow', it's safe to assume that the sacred cow here is the biblical metaphor for all false gods. For Dylan, the world will eventually know that there is only one God." Marshall, Restless Pilgrim, p. 103.


Dylan's 1990s began with Under the Red Sky (1990), an about-face from the serious Oh Mercy. The album contained several apparently simple songs, including "Under the Red Sky" and "Wiggle Wiggle." The album was dedicated to "Gabby Goo Goo", a nickname for the daughter of Dylan and Carolyn Dennis, Desiree Gabrielle Dennis-Dylan, who was four.Gray (2006), p. 174. Sidemen on the album included George Harrison, Slash from Guns N' Roses, David Crosby, Bruce Hornsby, Stevie Ray Vaughan, and Elton John. Despite the line-up, the record received bad reviews and sold poorly.Sounes, p. 391.In 1991, Dylan received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award from American actor Jack Nicholson.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan Before the Nobel: 12 Times He Publicly Accepted an Honor, Greene, Andy, November 18, 2016, August 25, 2017, Rolling Stone, The event coincided with the start of the Gulf War against Saddam Hussein, and Dylan performed "Masters of War." Dylan then made a short speech, saying "My daddy once said to me, he said, 'Son, it is possible for you to become so defiled in this world that your own mother and father will abandon you. If that happens, God will believe in your ability to mend your own ways.'"Heylin (2000), pp. 664–665. This sentiment was subsequently revealed to be a quote from 19th-century German Jewish intellectual, Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch.Bell, 2012, Once Upon a Time: The Lives of Bob Dylan., p. 101.Over the next few years Dylan returned to his roots with two albums covering folk and blues numbers: Good as I Been to You (1992) and World Gone Wrong (1993), featuring interpretations and acoustic guitar work. Many critics and fans commented on the quiet beauty of the song "Lone Pilgrim",Gray (2006), p. 423. written by a 19th-century teacher. In November 1994 Dylan recorded two live shows for MTV Unplugged. He said his wish to perform traditional songs was overruled by Sony executives who insisted on hits.Sounes, pp. 408–409. The album from it, MTV Unplugged, included "John Brown", an unreleased 1962 song of how enthusiasm for war ends in mutilation and disillusionment.Heylin (2009), pp. 100–101.File:Bob Dylan 1996.jpg|thumb|left|alt=Dylan and members of his band perform onstage. Dylan, wearing a red shirt and black pants, plays an electric guitar and sings.|Dylan performs during the 1996 Lida Festival in StockholmStockholmDylan's longtime road manager Victor Maymudes has claimed that the singer quit drinking alcohol in 1994.Rolling Stone article: "6 Things We Learned From the New Bob Dylan Tell-All." Maymudes felt that Dylan sobering up made him "more introverted and a little less social."With a collection of songs reportedly written while snowed in on his Minnesota ranch,Heylin (2000), p. 693. Dylan booked recording time with Daniel Lanois at Miami's Criteria Studios in January 1997. The subsequent recording sessions were, by some accounts, fraught with musical tension.Heylin (2000), p. 697. Before the album's release Dylan was hospitalized with a life-threatening heart infection, pericarditis, brought on by histoplasmosis. His scheduled European tour was cancelled, but Dylan made a speedy recovery and left the hospital saying, "I really thought I'd be seeing Elvis soon."Sounes, p. 420. He was back on the road by mid-year, and performed before Pope John Paul II at the World Eucharistic Conference in Bologna, Italy. The Pope treated the audience of 200,000 people to a homily based on Dylan's lyric "Blowin' in the Wind."Sounes, p. 426.In September Dylan released the new Lanois-produced album, Time Out of Mind. With its bitter assessment of love and morbid ruminations, Dylan's first collection of original songs in seven years was highly acclaimed. One critic wrote: "the songs themselves are uniformly powerful, adding up to Dylan's best overall collection in years."WEB, {{Allmusic, album, r314906, yes, | title = Time Out of Mind| author=Erlewine, Stephen Thomas| accessdate=May 1, 2010| website=AllMusic}} This collection of complex songs won him his first solo "Album of the Year" Grammy Award.Dylan had been one of several artists who had won "Album of the Year" in 1971 for The Concert for BangladeshHTTP://RATEYOURMUSIC.COM/LIST/OBELISK/GRAMMY_AWARD__WINNERS__ALBUM_OF_THE_YEAR> TITLE = GRAMMY AWARD WINNERS: ALBUM OF THE YEAR PUBLISHER=RATEYOURMUSIC.COM, In December 1997, U.S. President Bill Clinton presented Dylan with a Kennedy Center Honor in the East Room of the White House, paying this tribute: "He probably had more impact on people of my generation than any other creative artist. His voice and lyrics haven't always been easy on the ear, but throughout his career Bob Dylan has never aimed to please. He's disturbed the peace and discomforted the powerful."NEWS,weblink Remarks by the President at Kennedy Center Honors Reception, September 7, 2008, Clinton White House, December 8, 1997,weblink" title="">weblink April 25, 2015, dead, mdy-all, In 1999, Dylan embarked on a North American tour with Paul Simon, where each alternated as headline act with a "middle" section where they performed together, starting on the first of June and ending September 18. The collaboration was generally well received.


|filename = Things_Have_Changed.ogg
|title = "Things Have Changed"
|description= Dylan's Oscar-winning song was featured in the movie Wonder Boys. The line "sapphire-tinted skies" echoes the verse of Shelley"Column, tower, and dome, and spire/ Shine like obelisks of fire/ Pointing with inconstant motion/ From the altar of dark ocean/ To the sapphire-tinted skies", ll.67–71 from Lines Written Among the Euganean Hills by Percy Bysshe Shelley, October 1818. while "forty miles of bad road" echoes Duane Eddy's hit single.}}
Dylan commenced the 2000s by winning the Polar Music Prize in May 2000 and his first Oscar; his song "Things Have Changed", written for the film Wonder Boys, won an Academy Award in March 2001.WEB,weblink The Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Science â€“ 2000 Awards, April 12, 2013,, dead,weblink" title="">weblink April 7, 2014, The Oscar, by some reports a facsimile, tours with him, presiding over shows perched atop an amplifier.WEB,weblink Dylan Tours Australia with Oscar, Cashmere, Paul, August 20, 2007, September 11, 2008,, "Love and Theft" was released on September 11, 2001. Recorded with his touring band, Dylan produced the album himself under the pseudonym Jack Frost.Gray (2006), pp. 556–557. The album was critically well received and earned nominations for several Grammy awards.WEB,weblink Love and Theft, Metacritic, September 7, 2008, Critics noted that Dylan was widening his musical palette to include rockabilly, Western swing, jazz, and even lounge ballads.NEWS,weblink Love and Theft, September 7, 2008, Entertainment Weekly, October 1, 2001, "Love and Theft" generated controversy when The Wall Street Journal pointed out similarities between the album's lyrics and Japanese author Junichi Saga's book Confessions of a Yakuza.This is a reprint of the article from The Wall Street Journal cited in next footnote.NEWS,weblink Did Bob Dylan Lift Lines From Dr Saga?, September 29, 2011, California State University, Dear Habermas, July 8, 2003, dead,weblink" title="">weblink July 24, 2008, NEWS,weblink Did Bob Dylan Lift Lines From Dr Saga?, September 29, 2011, The Wall Street Journal, July 8, 2003, In 2003, Dylan revisited the evangelical songs from his Christian period and participated in the CD project (Gotta Serve Somebody: The Gospel Songs of Bob Dylan). That year Dylan also released the film Masked & Anonymous, which he co-wrote with director Larry Charles under the alias Sergei Petrov.Dylan co-wrote Masked & Anonymous under the pseudonym Seregei Petrov, taken from an actor in the silent movie era; Larry Charles used the alias Rene Fontaine. Gray (2006), p. 453. Dylan played the central character in the film, Jack Fate, alongside a cast that included Jeff Bridges, Penélope Cruz and John Goodman. The film polarised critics: many dismissed it as an "incoherent mess";NEWS,weblink Film Review; Times They Are Surreal In Bob Dylan Tale, Scott, A. O., July 24, 2003, October 4, 2008, The New York Times, WEB,weblink Masked and Anonymous, February 2, 2003, September 9, 2014, Metacritic, a few treated it as a serious work of art.WEB, Dylan in darkest America, Zacharek, Stephanie, Salon, July 24, 2003,weblink November 19, 2015, WEB, Motion, Andrew, Masked and Anonymous, Sony Classics,weblink September 7, 2008, In October 2004, Dylan published the first part of his autobiography, (Chronicles: Volume One). Confounding expectations,NEWS,weblink So You Thought You Knew Dylan? Hah!, September 7, 2008, Maslin, Janet, October 5, 2004, The New York Times, 2, Dylan devoted three chapters to his first year in New York City in 1961–1962, virtually ignoring the mid-1960s when his fame was at its height. He also devoted chapters to the albums New Morning (1970) and Oh Mercy (1989). The book reached number two on The New York Times' Hardcover Non-Fiction best seller list in December 2004 and was nominated for a National Book Award.Gray (2006), pp. 136–138.No Direction Home, Martin Scorsese's acclaimed film biography of Dylan,WEB,weblink No Direction Home: Bob Dylan, October 8, 2006, July 12, 2013,, was first broadcast on September 26–27, 2005, on BBC Two in the UK and PBS in the US.WEB,weblink No Direction Home: Bob Dylan A Martin Scorsese Picture, PBS, November 6, 2009, June 29, 2006, The documentary focuses on the period from Dylan's arrival in New York in 1961 to his motorcycle crash in 1966, featuring interviews with Suze Rotolo, Liam Clancy, Joan Baez, Allen Ginsberg, Pete Seeger, Mavis Staples, and Dylan himself. The film received a Peabody Award in April 2006WEB,weblink American Masters, No Direction Home, October 1, 2014,, and a Columbia-duPont Award in January 2007.WEB,weblink Past duPont Award Winners, 2007, September 7, 2008, The Journalism School, Columbia University, dead,weblink" title="">weblink December 1, 2010, The (The Bootleg Series Vol. 7: No Direction Home: The Soundtrack|accompanying soundtrack) featured unreleased songs from Dylan's early career.WEB, Stephen Thomas Erlewine, The Bootleg Series, Vol. 7: No Direction Home â€“ The Soundtrack,weblink March 28, 2015date=February 7, 2015, Dylan earned yet another distinction in a 2007 study of US legal opinions and briefs that found his lyrics were quoted by judges and lawyers more than those of any other songwriter, 186 times versus 74 by the Beatles, who were second. Among those quoting Dylan were US Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts and Justice Antonin Scalia, both conservatives. The most widely cited lines included "you don't need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows" from "Subterranean Homesick Blues" and "when you ain't got nothing, you got nothing to lose" from "Like a Rolling Stone."NEWS, Carol J., Williams, Judges hand down the law with help from Bob Dylan, May 9, 2011,weblink Los Angeles Times, May 10, 2011, NEWS, Robert (host), Siegel, May 10, 2011, Bob Dylan's Words Find Place In Legal Writings,weblink NPR, May 10, 2011,

Modern Times

May 3, 2006, was the premiere of Dylan's radio presenting career, hosting a weekly radio program, Theme Time Radio Hour, for XM Satellite Radio, with song selections revolving around a chosen theme.WEB,weblink Theme Time Radio Hour With Bob Dylan, November 30, 2009, February 6, 2011, BBC Radio 6 Music, NEWS,weblink Theme Time Radio playlists, September 7, 2008, Not Dark Yet, Dylan played classic and obscure records from the 1930s to the present day, including contemporary artists as diverse as Blur, Prince, L.L. Cool J and the Streets. The show was praised by fans and critics as "great radio," as Dylan told stories and made eclectic references with his sardonic humor, while achieving a thematic beauty with his musical choices.NEWS,weblink The Great Sound of Radio Bob, Sawyer, Miranda, September 7, 2008, The Observer, UK, December 31, 2006, NEWS,weblink Dylan Spinnin' Those Coool Records, February 18, 2007, Watson, Tom, New Critics, February 16, 2007,weblink" title="">weblink February 19, 2007, In April 2009, Dylan broadcast the 100th show in his radio series; the theme was "Goodbye" and the final record played was Woody Guthrie's "So Long, It's Been Good to Know Yuh." This led to speculation that Dylan's radio excursion had ended.NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan's Theme Time Radio Hour: His time might be up, Hinckley, David, April 19, 2009, May 16, 2009, Daily News, New York, (File:Dylan2 Spectrum.jpg|thumb|left|alt=Dylan together with five members of his band onstage. Dylan, dressed in a white shirt and black pants, is second from right.|Dylan, the Spectrum, 2007)On August 29, 2006, Dylan released his Modern Times album. Despite some coarsening of Dylan's voice (a critic for The Guardian characterised his singing on the album as "a catarrhal death rattle"NEWS,weblink Petridis, Alex, Bob Dylan's Modern Times, September 5, 2006, The Guardian, UK, August 28, 2006, ) most reviewers praised the album, and many described it as the final installment of a successful trilogy, embracing Time Out of Mind and "Love and Theft".WEB,weblinkaccessdate=September 7, 2008, Metacritic, Modern Times entered the U.S. charts at number one, making it Dylan's first album to reach that position since 1976's Desire.HTTP://WWW.NME.COM/NEWS/BOB-DYLAN/24234> TITLE = DYLAN GETS FIRST US NUMBER ONE FOR 30 YEARSWORK=NME ACCESSDATE=SEPTEMBER 11, 2008, The New York Times published an article exploring similarities between some of Dylan's lyrics in Modern Times and the work of the American Civil War poet Henry Timrod.HTTPS://WWW.NYTIMES.COM/2006/09/14/ARTS/MUSIC/14DYLA.HTML FIRST = MOTOKO WORK = THE NEW YORK TIMES ACCESSDATE=SEPTEMBER 29, 2011, Nominated for three Grammy Awards, Modern Times won Best Contemporary Folk/Americana Album and Bob Dylan also won Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance for "Someday Baby." Modern Times was named Album of the Year, 2006, by Rolling Stone magazine,WEB, Rolling Stone Albums of the Year 2006,weblink Rock List Music, May 17, 2017, dead,weblink" title="">weblink July 23, 2010, and by Uncut in the UK.NEWS,weblink Modern Times, Album of the Year, 2006, Uncut, December 16, 2006, September 11, 2008, dead,weblink" title="">weblink February 6, 2007, On the same day that Modern Times was released the iTunes Music Store released (Bob Dylan: The Collection), a digital box set containing all of his albums (773 tracks in total), along with 42 rare and unreleased tracks.NEWS,weblink Get The Box Set with 'One Push of a Button', Gundersen, Edna, December 1, 2006, September 25, 2008, USA Today, In August 2007, the award-winning film biography of Dylan I'm Not There, written and directed by Todd Haynes, was released—bearing the tagline "inspired by the music and many lives of Bob Dylan."NEWS,weblink Blanchett wins top Venice Award, September 9, 2007, September 12, 2008, BBC News, NEWS,weblink I'm Not There, Todd, McCarthy, September 4, 2007, September 10, 2009, Variety, dead,weblink" title="">weblink August 20, 2013, The movie used six different actors to represent different aspects of Dylan's life: Christian Bale, Cate Blanchett, Marcus Carl Franklin, Richard Gere, Heath Ledger and Ben Whishaw.NEWS,weblink I'm Not There (2007), A. O. Scott, November 7, 2007, September 10, 2009, The New York Times, Dylan's previously unreleased 1967 recording from which the film takes its nameGreil Marcus wrote: "There is nothing like 'I'm Not There' in the rest of the basement recordings, or anywhere else in Bob Dylan's career. Very quickly the listener is drawn into the sickly embrace of the music, its wash of half-heard, half-formed words and the increasing bitterness and despair behind them. Words are floated together in a dyslexia that is music itself â€“ a dyslexia that seems to prove the claims of music over words, to see just how little words can achieve." See Marcus, pp. 198–204. was released for the first time on the film's original soundtrack; all other tracks are covers of Dylan songs, specially recorded for the movie by a diverse range of artists, including Sonic Youth, Eddie Vedder, Mason Jennings, Stephen Malkmus, Jeff Tweedy, Karen O, Willie Nelson, Cat Power, Richie Havens, and Tom Verlaine.NEWS,weblink work=Uncut accessdate=September 16, 2008, (File:Bob Dylan in Toronto.jpg|thumb|alt=Dylan, dressed in a black western outfit with red highlights, stands onstage and plays the keyboards. He gazes to the left of the photo. Behind him is a guitar player, dressed in black.|Bob Dylan performs at Air Canada Centre, Toronto, November 7, 2006)On October 1, 2007, Columbia Records released the triple CD retrospective album Dylan, anthologising his entire career under the Dylan 07 logo.NEWS,weblink Dylan 07, September 7, 2008, Sony BMG Music Entertainment, August 1, 2007, dead,weblink" title="">weblink September 15, 2008, As part of this campaign, Mark Ronson produced a re-mix of Dylan's 1966 tune "Most Likely You Go Your Way and I'll Go Mine", which was released as a maxi-single. This was the first time Dylan had sanctioned a re-mix of one of his classic recordings.NEWS,weblink Mark Ronson: Born Entertainer, Walker, Tim, October 27, 2007, September 7, 2008, The Independent, UK, The sophistication of the Dylan 07 marketing campaign was a reminder that Dylan's commercial profile had risen considerably since the 1990s. This first became evident in 2004, when Dylan appeared in a TV advertisement for Victoria's Secret lingerie.WEB,weblink What's Bob Dylan Doing In A Victoria's Secret Ad?, Slate (magazine), Slate, April 12, 2004, September 16, 2008, Three years later, in October 2007, he participated in a multi-media campaign for the 2008 Cadillac Escalade.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink March 12, 2008, Dylan, Cadillac, XM Radio, October 22, 2007, September 16, 2008, Dylan also devoted an hour of his Theme Time Radio Hour to the theme of 'the Cadillac'. He first sang about the car in his 1963 nuclear war fantasy, "Talkin' World War III Blues", when he described it as a "good car to drive—after a war." Then, in 2009, he gave the highest profile endorsement of his career, appearing with rapper in a Pepsi ad that debuted during the telecast of Super Bowl XLIII.NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan to appear with Will.I.Am in Pepsi advertisement, Michaels, Sean, January 30, 2009, May 2, 2010, The Guardian, UK, The ad, broadcast to a record audience of 98 million viewers, opened with Dylan singing the first verse of "Forever Young" followed by doing a hip hop version of the song's third and final verse.NEWS, Kissel, Rick, Super Bowl ratings hit new high, Variety, February 3, 2009,weblink February 3, 2009, dead,weblink" title="">weblink August 20, 2013, In October 2008, Columbia released (The Bootleg Series Vol. 8 â€“ Tell Tale Signs: Rare and Unreleased 1989–2006|The Bootleg Series Vol. 8 â€“ Tell Tale Signs) as both a two-CD set and a three-CD version with a 150-page hardcover book. The set contains live performances and outtakes from selected studio albums from Oh Mercy to Modern Times, as well as soundtrack contributions and collaborations with David Bromberg and Ralph Stanley.NEWS,weblink Dylan Reveals Many Facets on 'Tell Tale Signs', Gundersen, Edna, July 29, 2008, USA Today, The pricing of the album—the two-CD set went on sale for $18.99 and the three-CD version for $129.99—led to complaints about "rip-off packaging" from some fans and commentators.NEWS,weblink Tell Tale Signs, Cairns, Dan, October 5, 2008, October 6, 2008, The Sunday Times, London, Michael Gray expressed his opinion in his Bob Dylan Encyclopedia blog WEB,weblink Tell Tale Signs Pt. 3, Money Doesn't Talk ..., August 14, 2008, September 6, 2008, Bob Dylan Encyclopedia blog, The release was widely acclaimed by critics.WEB,weblink Reviews of Tell Tale Signs, October 26, 2008, Metacritic, The abundance of alternative takes and unreleased material suggested to one reviewer that this volume of old outtakes "feels like a new Bob Dylan record, not only for the astonishing freshness of the material, but also for the incredible sound quality and organic feeling of everything here."WEB,weblink The Bootleg Series, Vol. 8: Tell Tale Signs â€“ Rare and Unreleased 1989–2006, Jurek, Thom, October 29, 2008, July 12, 2013, AllMusic,

Together Through Life and Christmas in the Heart

Bob Dylan released his album Together Through Life on April 28, 2009. In a conversation with music journalist Bill Flanagan, published on Dylan's website, Dylan explained that the genesis of the record was when French film director Olivier Dahan asked him to supply a song for his new road movie, My Own Love Song; initially only intending to record a single track, "Life Is Hard," "the record sort of took its own direction."WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink April 25, 2011, Bob Dylan talks about the new album with Bill Flanagan, Flanagan, Bill, April 10, 2009, March 30, 2012,, Nine of the ten songs on the album are credited as co-written by Bob Dylan and Robert Hunter.{{ALLMUSIC>CLASS=ALBUMPURE_URL=YES, | title = Together Through Life| author=Erlewine, Stephen Thomas| accessdate=May 1, 2010| website=AllMusic}}The album received largely favorable reviews,HTTP://WWW.METACRITIC.COM/MUSIC/TOGETHER-THROUGH-LIFE>TITLE=TOGETHER THROUGH LIFEACCESSDATE=APRIL 29, 2009The Independent that the record "features Dylan in fairly relaxed, spontaneous mood, content to grab such grooves and sentiments as flit momentarily across his radar. So while it may not contain too many landmark tracks, it's one of the most naturally enjoyable albums you'll hear all year."HTTPS://WWW.INDEPENDENT.CO.UK/ARTS-ENTERTAINMENT/MUSIC/REVIEWS/ALBUM-BOB-DYLAN-TOGETHER-THROUGH-LIFE-COLUMBIA-1673287.HTML AUTHOR=GILL, ANDY ACCESSDATE=APRIL 28, 2009 LOCATION=LONDON, In its first week of release, the album reached number one in the Billboard 200 chart in the U.S.,WEB,weblink Bob Dylan Bows Atop Billboard 200, Caulfield, Keith, May 6, 2009, May 7, 2009, Billboard, making Bob Dylan (67 years of age) the oldest artist to ever debut at number one on that chart. It also reached number one on the UK album chart, 39 years after Dylan's previous UK album chart topper New Morning. This meant that Dylan currently holds the record for the longest gap between solo number one albums in the UK chart.NEWS,weblink Dylan is in chart seventh heaven, May 3, 2009, May 3, 2009, BBC News, On October 13, 2009, Dylan released a Christmas album, Christmas in the Heart, comprising such Christmas standards as "Little Drummer Boy", "Winter Wonderland" and "Here Comes Santa Claus."WEB, {{Allmusic, album, r1656487, yes, author=Erlewine, Stephen Thomas website=AllMusic}} Dylan's royalties from the sale of this album will benefit the charities Feeding America in the USA, Crisis (charity) in the UK, and the World Food Programme.HTTP://WWW.FUNDRAISING.CO.UK/NEWS/2009/12/14/CAFAMERICA-DISTRIBUTE-ROYALITIES-BOB-DYLAN039S-CHRISTMAS-ALBUM-CRISIS DATE = DECEMBER 14, 2009 PUBLISHER=UK FUNDRAISING, The album received generally favorable reviews.WEB,weblink Christmas In the Heart, October 16, 2009, October 16, 2009, Metacritic, The New Yorker commented that Dylan had welded a pre-rock musical sound to "some of his croakiest vocals in a while", and speculated that Dylan's intentions might be ironic: "Dylan has a long and highly publicized history with Christianity; to claim there's not a wink in the childish optimism of 'Here Comes Santa Claus' or 'Winter Wonderland' is to ignore a half-century of biting satire."JOURNAL,weblink A Hard Reindeer's A-Gonna Fall, September 21, 2009, October 13, 2009, The New Yorker, In USA Today, Edna Gundersen pointed out that Dylan was "revisiting yuletide styles popularized by Nat King Cole, Mel Tormé, and the Ray Conniff Singers." Gundersen concluded that Dylan "couldn't sound more sentimental or sincere."NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan takes the Christmas spirit to 'Heart', Gundersen, Edna, October 13, 2009, June 1, 2011, USA Today, In an interview published in The Big Issue, journalist Bill Flanagan asked Dylan why he had performed the songs in a straightforward style, and Dylan responded: "There wasn't any other way to play it. These songs are part of my life, just like folk songs. You have to play them straight too."



On October 18, 2010, Dylan released Volume 9 of his Bootleg Series, (The Bootleg Series Vol. 9 â€“ The Witmark Demos: 1962–1964|The Witmark Demos). This comprised 47 demo recordings of songs taped between 1962 and 1964 for Dylan's earliest music publishers: Leeds Music in 1962, and Witmark Music from 1962 to 1964. One reviewer described the set as "a hearty glimpse of young Bob Dylan changing the music business, and the world, one note at a time."WEB,weblink The Witmark Demos: 1962–1964 The Bootleg Series Vol. 9 (Columbia), Caligiuri, Jim, December 31, 2010, July 12, 2013,, The critical aggregator website Metacritic awarded the album a Metascore of 86, indicating "universal acclaim."WEB,weblink The Witmark Demos, 1962–1964, October 29, 2010, Metacritic, In the same week, Sony Legacy released (The Original Mono Recordings|Bob Dylan: The Original Mono Recordings), a box set that for the first time presented Dylan's eight earliest albums, from Bob Dylan (1962) to John Wesley Harding (1967), in their original mono mix in the CD format. The CDs were housed in miniature facsimiles of the original album covers, replete with original liner notes. The set was accompanied by a booklet featuring an essay by music critic Greil Marcus.WEB,weblink The Original Mono Recordings, October 19, 2010, June 11, 2012,, NEWS, Egan, Sean, The Original Mono Recordings review,weblink February 12, 2018, BBC Music Review, London, November 25, 2010, On April 12, 2011, Legacy Recordings released Bob Dylan in Concert â€“ Brandeis University 1963, taped at Brandeis University on May 10, 1963, two weeks prior to the release of The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan. The tape was discovered in the archive of music writer Ralph J. Gleason, and the recording carries liner notes by Michael Gray, who says it captures Dylan "from way back when Kennedy was President and the Beatles hadn't yet reached America. It reveals him not at any Big Moment but giving a performance like his folk club sets of the period... This is the last live performance we have of Bob Dylan before he becomes a star."WEB,weblink Bob Dylan in Concert â€“ Brandeis University 1963 Now Available, February 16, 2011, March 17, 2015,, The extent to which his work was studied at an academic level was demonstrated on Dylan's 70th birthday on May 24, 2011, when three universities organized symposia on his work. The University of Mainz,WEB,weblink Bob Dylan und die Revolution der populären Musik, April 29, 2011, May 27, 2011, Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz, the University of Vienna,WEB,weblink Refractions of Dylan â€“ Cultural Appropriations of an American Icon, May 12, 2011, May 27, 2011,, and the University of BristolWEB,weblink The Seven Ages of Dylan, May 15, 2011, May 27, 2011, University of Bristol, invited literary critics and cultural historians to give papers on aspects of Dylan's work. Other events, including tribute bands, discussions and simple singalongs, took place around the world, as reported in The Guardian: "From Moscow to Madrid, Norway to Northampton and Malaysia to his home state of Minnesota, self-confessed 'Bobcats' will gather today to celebrate the 70th birthday of a giant of popular music."NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan at 70, Topping, Alexandra, May 24, 2011, May 27, 2011, The Guardian, London, File:Dylan-Obamas-White House-20100209.jpg|thumb|left|Dylan and the Obamas at the White House, after a performance celebrating music from the civil rights movementcivil rights movementOn October 4, 2011, Dylan's label, Egyptian Records, released an album of previously unheard Hank Williams songs, The Lost Notebooks of Hank Williams. Dylan had helped to curate this project, in which songs unfinished when Williams died in 1953 were completed and recorded by a variety of artists, including Dylan himself, his son Jakob Dylan, Levon Helm, Norah Jones, Jack White, and others.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan Helps Bring Hank Williams' Lost Notebooks Back from the Dead, Uhelszki, Jaan, August 4, 2011, August 5, 2011,, NEWS,weblink {{-', Lost Notebooks of Hank Williams' finds good company in Bob Dylan| author = Lewis, Randy| date = October 2, 2011| accessdate=October 4, 2011| work= Los Angeles Times}}On May 29, 2012, U.S. President Barack Obama awarded Dylan a Presidential Medal of Freedom in the White House. At the ceremony, Obama praised Dylan's voice for its "unique gravelly power that redefined not just what music sounded like but the message it carried and how it made people feel."NEWS, Itzkoff, Dave, Bob Dylan Among Recipients of Presidential Medal of Freedom,weblink May 30, 2012, The New York Times, May 29, 2012, On September 11, 2012, Dylan released his 35th studio album, Tempest.NEWS,weblink 'Tempest' and Bob Dylan's voice for the ages, Lewis, Randy, September 10, 2012, September 11, 2012, Los Angeles Times, The album features a tribute to John Lennon, "Roll On John", and the title track is a 14-minute song about the sinking of the Titanic.NEWS, Greene, Andy, First Details of Bob Dylan's Upcoming Album 'Tempest{{'-, |url=|accessdate=July 18, 2012|newspaper=Rolling Stone|date=July 17, 2012}} Reviewing Tempest for Rolling Stone, Will Hermes gave the album five out of five stars, writing: "Lyrically, Dylan is at the top of his game, joking around, dropping wordplay and allegories that evade pat readings and quoting other folks' words like a freestyle rapper on fire." Hermes called Tempest "one of [Dylan's] weirdest albums ever", and opined, "It may also be the single darkest record in Dylan's catalog."WEB, Hermes, Will, Tempest, Rolling Stone, August 30, 2012,weblink September 7, 2012, The critical aggregator website Metacritic awarded the album a score of 83 out of 100, indicating "universal acclaim."WEB,weblink Tempest â€“ Bob Dylan, September 11, 2012, September 12, 2012,, On August 27, 2013, Columbia Records released Volume 10 of Dylan's Bootleg Series, (The Bootleg Series Vol. 10: Another Self Portrait (1969–1971)|Another Self Portrait (1969–1971)).WEB,weblink Another Self Portrait Press Release, July 16, 2013, September 12, 2013,, The album contained 35 previously unreleased tracks, including alternative takes and demos from Dylan's 1969–1971 recording sessions during the making of the Self Portrait and New Morning albums. The box set also included a live recording of Dylan's performance with the Band at the Isle of Wight Festival in 1969. Another Self Portrait received favorable reviews, earning a score of 81 on the critical aggregator, Metacritic, indicating "universal acclaim."WEB,weblink Another Self Portrait 1969–1971: The Bootleg Series, Vol. 10, September 12, 2013, September 12, 2013, Metacritic, AllMusic critic Thom Jurek wrote, "For fans, this is more than a curiosity, it's an indispensable addition to the catalog."WEB,weblink Another Self Portrait (1969–1971): The Bootleg Series, Vol. 10, Jurek, Thom, August 27, 2013, September 12, 2013, AllMusic, On November 4, 2013, Columbia Records released (The Complete Album Collection Vol. 1 (album)|Bob Dylan: Complete Album Collection: Vol. One), a boxed set containing all 35 of Dylan's studio albums, six albums of live recordings, and a collection, entitled Sidetracks, of singles, songs from films and non-album material.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan: The Complete Albums Collection, Vol. 1, Erlewine, Stephen, November 9, 2013, November 9, 2013, AllMusic, The box includes new album-by-album liner notes written by Clinton Heylin with an introduction by Bill Flanagan. On the same date, Columbia released a compilation, The Very Best of Bob Dylan, which is available in both single CD and double CD formats.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan to release huge, career-spanning box set, September 26, 2013, September 30, 2013, NME, To publicize the 35 album box set, an innovative video of the song "Like a Rolling Stone" was released on Dylan's website. The interactive video, created by director Vania Heymann, allowed viewers to switch between 16 simulated TV channels, all featuring characters who are lip-synching the lyrics of the 48-year-old song.NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan Goes Interactive in 'Like a Rolling Stone' Clip, Greene, Andy, November 19, 2013, September 25, 2015, Rolling Stone, NEWS,weblink Inside Bob Dylan's Brilliant 'Like a Rolling Stone' Video, Edwards, Gavin, November 20, 2013, November 21, 2013, Rolling Stone, On February 2, 2014, Dylan appeared in a commercial for the Chrysler 200 car which was screened during the 2014 Super Bowl American football game. At the end of the commercial, Dylan says: "So let Germany brew your beer, let Switzerland make your watch, let Asia assemble your phone. We will build your car." Dylan's Super Bowl commercial generated controversy and op-ed pieces discussing the protectionist implications of his words, and whether the singer had "sold out" to corporate interests.NEWS,weblink Dylan â€“ The Times Have Changed, Gabler, Neal, February 4, 2013, February 6, 2014, Reuters, NEWS,weblink An obsessive Bob Dylan fan deludes himself into justifying that Chrysler ad, in 5 steps, Malitz, David, February 3, 2014, February 4, 2014, The Washington Post, MAGAZINE,weblink Notes from the Editors, Monthly Review editors, April 1, 2014, April 1, 2014, Monthly Review, dead,weblink" title="">weblink April 4, 2014, NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan dominates Super Bowl 2014 during halftime adverts, Michaels, Sean accessdate=February 3, 2014 AUTHOR = CLOTHIER, MARK ACCESSDATE=FEBRUARY 3, 2014, BloombergNews, In 2013 and 2014, auction house sales demonstrated the high cultural value attached to Dylan's mid-1960s work, and the record prices that collectors were willing to pay for artefacts from this period. In December 2013, the Fender Stratocaster which Dylan had played at the 1965 Newport Folk Festival fetched $965,000, the second highest price paid for a guitar.NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan's Fender Stratocaster sells for nearly $1m, December 6, 2013, June 24, 2014, BBC News, NEWS,weblink John Lennon's guitar sold for $2.4m at auction, Reuters, November 8, 2015, November 9, 2015, The Guardian, In June 2014, Dylan's hand-written lyrics of "Like a Rolling Stone", his 1965 hit single, fetched $2 million dollars at auction, a record for a popular music manuscript.NEWS,weblink Dylan's Like a Rolling Stone lyrics fetch $2m record, June 24, 2014, June 24, 2014, BBC News, NEWS,weblink Dylan's Handwritten Lyrics to 'Like a Rolling Stone' to Be Auctioned, Kozinn, Allan, Allan Kozinn, April 30, 2014, June 24, 2014, The New York Times, On October 28, 2014, Simon & Schuster published a massive 960 page, thirteen and a half pound edition of Dylan's lyrics, The Lyrics: Since 1962. The book was edited by literary critic Christopher Ricks, Julie Nemrow and Lisa Nemrow, to offer variant versions of Dylan's songs, sourced from out-takes and live performances. A limited edition of 50 books, signed by Dylan, was priced at $5,000. "It's the biggest, most expensive book we've ever published, as far as I know," said Jonathan Karp, Simon & Schuster's president and publisher.NEWS,weblink The Most of Bob Dylan, Kozinn, Allan, Allan Kozinn, October 7, 2014, October 11, 2014, The New York Times, NEWS,weblink In the Service of Bob Dylan's Genius, Seligson, Susan, February 28, 2015, Boston University, On November 4, 2014, Columbia Records/Legacy Recordings released (The Bootleg Series Vol. 11: The Basement Tapes Complete|The Basement Tapes Complete) by Bob Dylan and the Band. These 138 tracks in a six-CD box form Volume 11 of Dylan's Bootleg Series. The 1975 album, The Basement Tapes, contained some of the songs which Dylan and the Band recorded in their homes in Woodstock, New York, in 1967. Subsequently, over 100 recordings and alternate takes have circulated on bootleg records. The sleeve notes for the new box set are by Sid Griffin, American musician and author of Million Dollar Bash: Bob Dylan, the Band, and the Basement Tapes.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan's Complete, Legendary 'Basement Tapes' Will Be Released, Greene, Andy, August 26, 2014, August 27, 2014, Rolling Stone, NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan's Back Pages: The Truth Behind the Basement Tapes, Heylin, Clinton, October 30, 2014, November 4, 2014, The Guardian,

Shadows in the Night, Fallen Angels and Triplicate

On February 3, 2015, Dylan released Shadows in the Night, featuring ten songs written between 1923 and 1963,WEB,weblink The secret Sinatra past of Bob Dylan's new album, Turner, Gustavo, January 24, 2015, February 3, 2015, Los Angeles Times, NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan's late-night disc, Bauder, David, January 29, 2015, February 3, 2015, Associated Press, dead,weblink" title="">weblink February 3, 2015, mdy-all, which have been described as part of the Great American Songbook.NEWS,weblink Shadows in the Night review â€“ an unalloyed pleasure, Petridis, Alexis, January 29, 2015, February 3, 2015, The Guardian, All the songs on the album were recorded by Frank Sinatra but both critics and Dylan himself cautioned against seeing the record as a collection of "Sinatra covers."WEB,weblink Shadows in the Night review, Prince, Bill, February 1, 2015, February 3, 2015, GQ, dead,weblink" title="">weblink February 2, 2015, Dylan explained, "I don't see myself as covering these songs in any way. They've been covered enough. Buried, as a matter a fact. What me and my band are basically doing is uncovering them. Lifting them out of the grave and bringing them into the light of day."WEB,weblink Bob Dylan Will 'Uncover' Frank Sinatra Classics on New Album, Greene, Andy, December 9, 2014, December 10, 2014, Rolling Stone, In an interview, Dylan said he had been thinking about making this record since hearing Willie Nelson's 1978 album Stardust.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan Does the American Standards His Way, Love, Robert, January 22, 2015, February 2, 2015,, Dylan's first foray into this material was in 2001 when he recorded Dean Martin's "Return to Me" for the third season of The Sopranos.WEB,weblink Dylan, Stones, Sinatra On 'Sopranos' Soundtrack, Archive-Joe-DAngelo, MTV News, en, 2019-04-02, Shadows In the Night received favorable reviews, scoring 82 on the critical aggregator Metacritic, which indicates "universal acclaim."WEB,weblink Shadows In The Night, January 11, 2016, Metacritic, Critics praised the restrained instrumental backings and Dylan's singing, saying that the material had elicited his best vocal performances in recent years.NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan, Shadows in The Night, review: 'extraordinary', McCormick, Neil, January 23, 2015, February 3, 2015, The Daily Telegraph, Bill Prince in GQ commented: "A performer who's had to hear his influence in virtually every white pop recording made since he debuted his own self-titled album back in 1962 imagines himself into the songs of his pre-rock'n'roll early youth." In The Independent, Andy Gill wrote that the recordings "have a lingering, languid charm, which... help to liberate the material from the rusting manacles of big-band and cabaret mannerisms."NEWS,weblink Restoring life to old standards, Gill, Andy, January 29, 2015, February 3, 2015, The Independent, The album debuted at number one in the UK Albums Chart in its first week of release.NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan scores eighth UK Number 1 album, February 8, 2015, February 9, 2015, Official Charts Company, On October 5, 2015, IBM launched a marketing campaign for its Watson computer system which featured Dylan. Dylan is seen conversing with the computer which says it has read all his lyrics and reports: "My analysis shows that your major themes are that time passes and love fades." Dylan replies: "That sounds about right."WEB,weblink IBM Kicks Off 'Cognitive Business' Era on MNF Tonight, October 5, 2015, October 6, 2015, Direct Marketing news, On November 6, 2015, Sony Music released (The Bootleg Series Vol. 12: The Cutting Edge 1965–1966). This work consists of previously unreleased material from the three albums Dylan recorded between January 1965 and March 1966: Bringing It All Back Home, Highway 61 Revisited and Blonde on Blonde. The records have been released in three formats: a 2-CD "Best Of" version, a 6-CD "Deluxe edition", and an 18-CD "Collector's Edition" in a limited edition of 5,000 units. On Dylan's website the "Collector's Edition" was described as containing "every single note recorded by Bob Dylan in the studio in 1965/1966."WEB,weblink Inside Bob Dylan's Massive New Sixties Bootleg Series Trove, Greene, Andy, September 24, 2015, September 25, 2015, Rolling Stone, WEB,weblink The Cutting Edge 1965 – 1966: The Bootleg Series Vol. 12 Collector's Edition, September 24, 2015, November 24, 2015,, The critical aggregator website Metacritic awarded Cutting Edge a score of 99, indicating universal acclaim.WEB,weblink The Bootleg Series, Vol. 12: The Best of the Cutting Edge 1965–1966, November 5, 2015, November 5, 2015, Metacritic, The Best of the Cutting Edge entered the Billboard Top Rock Albums chart at number one on November 18, based on its first-week sales.HTTP://WWW.BILLBOARD.COM/ARTICLES/COLUMNS/CHART-BEAT/6769255/BOB-DYLAN-FIRST-NUMBER-1-TOP-ROCK-ALBUMS > TITLE = BOB DYLAN SCORES FIRST NO. 1 ON TOP ROCK ALBUMS FROM LONG-RUNNING 'BOOTLEG SERIES' DATE = NOVEMBER 18, 2015 WORK = BILLBOARD, On March 2, 2016, it was announced that Dylan had sold an extensive archive of about 6,000 items to the George Kaiser Family Foundation and the University of Tulsa. It was reported that the sale price was "an estimated $15 million to $20 million", and the archive comprises notebooks, drafts of Dylan lyrics, recordings, and correspondence.NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan's Secret Archive, Sisario, Ben, March 2, 2016, The New York Times, March 30, 2017, Filmed material in the collection includes 30 hours of outtakes from the 1965 tour documentary Dont Look Back, 30 hours of footage shot on Dylan's legendary 1966 electric tour, and 50 hours shot on the 1975 Rolling Thunder Revue. The archive will be housed at Helmerich Center for American Research, a facility at the Gilcrease Museum.WEB,weblink Inside Bob Dylan's Historic New Tulsa Archive: 'It's an Endless Ocean', Greene, Andy, March 3, 2016, March 4, 2016, Rolling Stone, On May 20, Dylan released Fallen Angels, which was described as "a direct continuation of the work of 'uncovering' the Great Songbook that he began on last year's Shadows In the Night."NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan, Fallen Angels, review – 'inhabiting classics with weathered ease', Brown, Helen, May 13, 2016, May 20, 2016, The Daily Telegraph, The album contained twelve songs by classic songwriters such as Harold Arlen, Sammy Cahn and Johnny Mercer, eleven of which had been recorded by Sinatra. Jim Farber wrote in Entertainment Weekly: "Tellingly, [Dylan] delivers these songs of love lost and cherished not with a burning passion but with the wistfulness of experience. They're memory songs now, intoned with a present sense of commitment. Released just four days ahead of his 75th birthday, they couldn't be more age-appropriate."WEB,weblink Bob Dylan's "Fallen Angels": EW Review, Farber, Jim, May 17, 2016, May 20, 2016, Entertainment Weekly, The album received a score of 79 on critical aggregator website Metacritic, denoting "generally favorable reviews."WEB,weblink Critic Reviews: Fallen Angels by Bob Dylan, May 20, 2016, May 20, 2016, Metacritic, On October 13, the Nobel Prize committee announced it had awarded Dylan the Nobel Prize in Literature "for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition."On November 11, 2016, Legacy Recordings released a 36-CD set, The 1966 Live Recordings, including every known recording of Bob Dylan's 1966 concert tour. Legacy Recordings President Adam Block said: "While doing the archival research for (The Bootleg Series Vol. 12: The Cutting Edge 1965–1966|The Cutting Edge 1965–1966), last year's box set of Dylan's mid-'60s studio sessions, we were continually struck by how great his 1966 live recordings really are."WEB,weblink All of Bob Dylan's 1966 live shows in 36-CD box set due Nov. 11, Lewis, Randy, September 27, 2016, September 28, 2016, Los Angeles Times, The recordings commence with the concert in White Plains New York on February 5, 1966, and end with the Royal Albert Hall concert in London on May 27,WEB,weblink The 1966 Live Recordings, Erlewine, Stephen Thomas, November 11, 2016, December 2, 2016, AllMusic, whilst sequencing them differently in the CD package. The liner notes for the set are by Clinton Heylin, author of the book, Judas!: From Forest Hills to the Free Trade Hall: A Historical View of Dylan's Big Boo, a study of the 1966 tour.WEB,weblink "Bob Dylan: The 1966 Live Recordings" to be Released in November, September 27, 2016, September 28, 2016,,weblink" title="">weblink September 30, 2016, dead, mdy-all, The New York Times reported most of the concerts had "never been heard in any form", and described the set as "a monumental addition to the corpus."NEWS,weblink Dylan's 1966 Tapes Find a Direction Home, Sisario, Ben, November 10, 2016, November 11, 2016, The New York Times, On March 31, 2017, Dylan released his triple album, Triplicate, comprising 30 new recordings of classic American songs, including "As Time Goes By" by Herman Hupfeld and "Stormy Weather" by Harold Arlen and Ted Koehler. Dylan's 38th studio album was recorded in Hollywood's Capitol Studios and features his touring band.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan's First Three-Disc Album – Triplicate – Set For March 31 Release, January 31, 2017, January 31, 2017,,weblink" title="">weblink February 1, 2017, dead, mdy-all, Dylan posted a long interview on his website to promote the album, and was asked if this material was an exercise in nostalgia. "Nostalgic? No I wouldn't say that. It's not taking a trip down memory lane or longing and yearning for the good old days or fond memories of what's no more. A song like "Sentimental Journey" is not a way back when song, it doesn't emulate the past, it's attainable and down to earth, it's in the here and now."WEB,weblink Q & A with Bill Flanagan, Dylan, Flanagan, March 22, 2017, March 24, 2017,, The album was awarded a score of 84 on critical aggregator website Metacritic, signifying "universal acclaim." Critics praised the thoroughness of Dylan's exploration of the great American songbook, though, in the opinion of Uncut: "For all its easy charms, Triplicate labours its point to the brink of overkill. After five albums' worth of croon toons, this feels like a fat full stop on a fascinating chapter."WEB,weblink Triplicate critic reviews, March 31, 2017, March 31, 2017, Metacritic, Conor McPherson's play Girl from the North Country, where dramatic action is broken up by 20 Dylan songs, opened in London's The Old Vic on July 26, 2017. The project began when Dylan's office approached McPherson and suggested creating a play using Dylan songs. The drama received favorable reviews.NEWS,weblink Girl from the North Country review – Dylan's songs are Depression-era dynamite, Billington, Michael, July 27, 2017, August 4, 2017, The Guardian, NEWS, Trueman, Matt, July 26, 2017, London Theater Review: Bob Dylan Musical 'Girl From the North Country', Variety (magazine), Variety,weblink August 4, 2017, On November 3, Sony Music released (The Bootleg Series Vol. 13: Trouble No More 1979–1981), comprising 8 CDs and 1 DVD.MAGAZINE,weblink Bob Dylan's New Bootleg Series Will Spotlight Gospel Period, Greene, Andy, September 20, 2017, September 20, 2017, Rolling Stone, Trouble No More documents what Rolling Stone described as Dylan's "Born Again Christian period of 1979 to 1981 – an intense, wildly controversial time that produced three albums and some of the most confrontational concerts of his long career." Reviewing the box set in The New York Times, Jon Pareles wrote, "Decades later, what comes through these recordings above all is Mr. Dylan's unmistakable fervor, his sense of mission. The studio albums are subdued, even tentative, compared with what the songs became on the road. Mr. Dylan's voice is clear, cutting and ever improvisational; working the crowds, he was emphatic, committed, sometimes teasingly combative. And the band tears into the music."NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan's Songs for the Soul, Revisited and Redeemed, Pareles, Jon, Jon Pareles, November 1, 2017, November 5, 2017, The New York Times, Trouble No More includes a DVD of a film directed by Jennifer Lebeau consisting of live footage of Dylan's gospel performances interspersed with sermons delivered by actor Michael Shannon. The box set album received an aggregate score of 84 on the critical website Metacritic, indicating "universal acclaim."WEB,weblink Trouble No More: The Bootleg Series Vol. 13, November 10, 2017, November 12, 2017,, On April 5, 2018, Dylan contributed to the compilation EP Universal Love, a collection of reimagined wedding songs for the LGBT community.WEB,weblink Universal Love: Album of Reimagined Love Songs Features Artistic Vision of Bob Dylan, Kesha, Benjamin Gibbard, St. Vincent, Valerie June and Kele Okereke, April 5, 2018, May 2, 2018, MGM Resorts, The album was funded by MGM Resorts International and the songs are intended to function as "wedding anthems for same-sex couples."MAGAZINE,weblink Bob Dylan Records 'He's Funny That Way' for LGBT-Themed EP, Aswad, Jem, April 5, 2018 magazine = Variety, Dylan recorded the 1929 song "She's Funny That Way", changing the gender pronoun to "He's Funny That Way." The song has previously been recorded by Billie Holiday and Frank Sinatra.HTTPS://WWW.NYTIMES.COM/2018/04/05/STYLE/BOB-DYLAN-SINGS-ABOUT-GAY-LOVE.HTML> TITLE = BOB DYLAN SINGS ABOUT GAY LOVE DATE = APRIL 5, 2018 NEWSPAPER = THE NEW YORK TIMES, Also in April 2018, The New York Times announced that Dylan was launching Heaven's Door, a range of three whiskeys: a straight rye, a straight bourbon and a "double-barreled" whiskey. Dylan has been involved in both the creation and the marketing of the range. The Times described the venture as "Mr. Dylan's entry into the booming celebrity-branded spirits market, the latest career twist for an artist who has spent five decades confounding expectations."NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan's Latest Gig: Making Whiskey, Sisario, Ben, April 28, 2018, May 2, 2018, The New York Times, On November 2, 2018, Dylan released (The Bootleg Series Vol. 14: More Blood, More Tracks|More Blood, More Tracks) as Volume 14 in the Bootleg Series. The set comprises all Dylan's recordings for his 1975 album Blood On the Tracks, and was issued as a single CD and also as a six-CD Deluxe Edition.MAGAZINE,weblink Bob Dylan Plots Massive 'Blood On The Tracks' Reissue for Latest 'Bootleg Series', Greene, Andy, September 20, 2018, September 20, 2018, Rolling Stone, The box set album received an aggregate score of 93 on the critical website Metacritic, indicating "universal acclaim."WEB,weblink More Blood, More Tracks: The Bootleg Series Vol. 14, November 2, 2013, November 3, 2018,, On June 12, 2019, Netflix released "(Rolling Thunder Revue: A Bob Dylan Story by Martin Scorsese), describing the film as "Part documentary, part concert film, part fever dream."WEB, Willman, Chris, Bob Dylan, Martin Scorsese Reunite for Rolling Thunder Film, Coming to Netflix in 2019,weblink Variety (magazine), Variety, April 20, 2019, January 10, 2019, The documentary was released on Netflix with concurrent extended theatrical schedules in Los Angeles and New York so that the film will qualify for award consideration. The Scorsese film received an aggregate score of 88 on critical website Metacritic, indicating "universal acclaim."WEB,weblink Rolling Thunder Revue – a Bob Dylan Story reviews, June 12, 2019, June 12, 2019,, The film sparked controversy because of the way it deliberately mixed documentary footage filmed during the Rolling Thunder Revue in the fall of 1975 with fictitious characters and invented stories.NEWS,weblink Why Did Martin Scorsese Prank His Audience in 'Rolling Thunder Revue'? Even He May Not Know, Gleiberman, Owen, June 15, 2019, July 1, 2019, Variety, Coinciding with the film release, a box set of 14 CDs, (Bob Dylan – The Rolling Thunder Revue: The 1975 Live Recordings|The Rolling Thunder Revue: The 1975 Live Recordings), was released by Columbia Records on June 7. The set comprises five full Dylan performances from the tour and recently discovered tapes from Dylan's tour rehearsals.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan Details 14-Disc Rolling Thunder Revue Box Set, Blistein, Jon, April 30, 2019, May 1, 2019,, The box set received an aggregate score of 89 on the critical website Metacritic, indicating "universal acclaim."WEB,weblink Rolling Thunder Revue: The 1975 Live Recordings [Box Set], June 7, 2019, June 8, 2019,, On November 1, 2019, Columbia Records released (The Bootleg Series Vol. 15: Travelin' Thru, 1967–1969|Bob Dylan (featuring Johnny Cash) – Travelin’ Thru, 1967 – 1969: The Bootleg Series Vol. 15) on November 1. The 3-CD set comprises outtakes from Dylan's albums John Wesley Harding and Nashville Skyline, and songs that Dylan recorded with Johnny Cash in Nashville in 1969 and with Earl Scruggs in 1970.NEWS,weblink Album Review: Bob Dylan’s ‘Travelin’ Thru: The Bootleg Series Vol. 15, 1967-1969′, Morris, Chris, October 31, 2019, November 5, 2019,, WEB,weblink Bob Dylan (Featuring Johnny Cash) – Travelin’ Thru, 1967 – 1969: The Bootleg Series Vol. 15 out on Nov. 1, September 20, 2019, September 20, 2019,, Travelin' Thru received an aggregate score of 88 on the critical website Metacritic, indicating "universal acclaim."WEB,weblink The Bootleg Series, Vol. 15: Travelin' Thru Critic Reviews, November 5, 2019, November 6, 2019,,

Never Ending Tour

(File:Bob Dylan Finsbury Park London 2011.jpg|thumb|upright=1.2|alt=Bob Dylan performing at Finsbury Park, London, June 18, 2011|Bob Dylan performing at Finsbury Park, London, June 18, 2011)The Never Ending Tour commenced on June 7, 1988,Heylin (1996), p. 297. and Dylan has played roughly 100 dates a year for the entirety of the 1990s and 2000s—a heavier schedule than most performers who started out in the 1960s.Muir, pp. 7–10. By April 2019, Dylan and his band had played more than 3,000 shows,WEB,weblink Björner's Still On The Road: Innsbruck, Austria, 19 April 2019, May 26, 2019, October 13, 2019,, anchored by long-time bassist Tony Garnier, multi-instrumentalist Donnie Herron and guitarist Charlie Sexton.WEB,weblink Irvine, California, UC Irvine, October 11, 2019, Pagel, Bill, October 12, 2019, October 13, 2019,, In October 2019, drummer Matt Chamberlain joined the band. To the dismay of some of his audience,NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan at Finsbury Park, McCormick, Neil, June 19, 2011, June 20, 2011, Telegraph, UK, London, Dylan's performances remain unpredictable as he alters his arrangements and changes his vocal approach night after night.WEB,weblink Concert Review: Bob Dylan Brings The Goods To Hollywood, Zollo, Paul, October 28, 2014, October 29, 2014,, dead,weblink" title="">weblink October 29, 2014, Critical opinion about Dylan's shows remains divided. Critics such as Richard Williams and Andy Gill have argued that Dylan has found a successful way to present his rich legacy of material.NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan review – relaxed, mellifluous and wholly intelligible, Williams, Richard, October 22, 2015, November 5, 2015, The Guardian, UK, NEWS,weblink Dylan's times ain't a-changin', Gill, Andy, April 27, 2009, May 2, 2009, The Independent, London, Others have criticized his live performances for mangling and spitting out "the greatest lyrics ever written so that they are effectively unrecognisable", and giving so little to the audience that "it is difficult to understand what he is doing on stage at all."NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan â€“ live review, McCormick, Neil, April 27, 2009, May 2, 2009, The Telegraph, London, Dylan's performances in China in April 2011 generated controversy. Some criticised him for not making any explicit comment on the political situation in China, and for, allegedly, allowing the Chinese authorities to censor his set list.NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan in China: a simple twist of fate?, Wieland, Martin, April 6, 2011, December 1, 2011, The Guardian, London, NEWS,weblink Blowin' in the Idiot Wind, Dowd, Maureen, Maureen Dowd, April 9, 2011, April 14, 2011, The New York Times, Others defended Dylan's performances, arguing that such criticism represented a misunderstanding of Dylan's art, and that no evidence for the censorship of Dylan's set list existed.WEB,weblink Dylan in China, Ross, Alex, Alex Ross (music critic), April 10, 2011, April 14, 2011, The Rest Is Noise, JOURNAL,weblink The Real Dylan in China, Wilentz, Sean, Sean Wilentz, April 10, 2011, April 14, 2011, The New Yorker, In response to these allegations, Dylan posted a statement on his website: "As far as censorship goes, the Chinese government had asked for the names of the songs that I would be playing. There's no logical answer to that, so we sent them the set lists from the previous 3 months. If there were any songs, verses or lines censored, nobody ever told me about it and we played all the songs that we intended to play."WEB,weblink To my fans and followers, Dylan, Bob, May 13, 2011, May 14, 2011,, In 2019, Dylan undertook two tours in Europe. The first commenced in Düsseldorf, Germany, on March 31, and ended in Valencia, Spain, on May 7. He played his 3000th show of the Never Ending Tour on April 19, 2019, in Innsbruck, Austria.WEB,weblink Still On The Road: 2019 EU Spring Tour, Bjorner, 2019-04-20, Dylan's second tour began in Bergen, Norway, on June 21, and ended in Kilkenny, Ireland, on July 14.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan Tour Dates, February 10, 2019, March 4, 2019,, WEB,weblink Bob Links Tour Dates, Pagel, Bill, July 15, 2019, July 15, 2019,, Dylan's touring company has announced his tour of the USA in the fall of 2019, commencing in Irvine, California on October 11 and ending in Washington D.C. on December 8th.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan 2018-2019 Tour Guide, September 24, 2019, September 11, 2019,, In October 2019, Dylan's touring company that he would play 14 concerts in Japan in April 2020.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan Japan Tour in April 2020, October 29, 2019, October 30, 2019,,

Visual art

The cover of Dylan's album Self Portrait (1970) is a reproduction of a painting of a face by Dylan.Bell, 2012, Once Upon a Time: The Lives of Bob Dylan. p. 524. Another of his paintings is reproduced on the cover of the 1974 album Planet Waves. In 1994 Random House published Drawn Blank, a book of Dylan's drawings.BOOK, Bob, Dylan, Drawn Blank, Random House, 1994, 978-0679417880, In 2007, the first public exhibition of Dylan's paintings, The Drawn Blank Series, opened at the Kunstsammlungen in Chemnitz, Germany; it showcased more than 200 watercolors and gouaches made from the original drawings. The exhibition coincided with the publication of Bob Dylan: The Drawn Blank Series, which includes 170 reproductions from the series.WEB, Gray, Michael, Dylan's Drawn Blank Paintings Exhibition,weblink, June 11, 2012, NEWS,weblink Pessl, Marsha, When I Paint My Masterpiece, The New York Times Book Review, June 1, 2008, October 20, 2010, From September 2010 until April 2011, the National Gallery of Denmark exhibited 40 large-scale acrylic paintings by Dylan, The Brazil Series.NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan paintings at Danish National Gallery, Battersby, Matilda, September 2, 2010, September 9, 2010, The Independent, London, In July 2011, a leading contemporary art gallery, Gagosian Gallery, announced their representation of Dylan's paintings.WEB,weblink Dylan at Gagosian Gallery, Corbett, Rachel, July 27, 2011, July 31, 2011,, An exhibition of Dylan's art, The Asia Series, opened at the Gagosian Madison Avenue Gallery on September 20, displaying Dylan's paintings of scenes in China and the Far East.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan: The Asia Series, September 10, 2011, December 12, 2012,, The New York Times reported that "some fans and Dylanologists have raised questions about whether some of these paintings are based on the singer's own experiences and observations, or on photographs that are widely available and were not taken by Mr. Dylan." The Times pointed to close resemblances between Dylan's paintings and historic photos of Japan and China, and photos taken by Dmitri Kessel and Henri Cartier-Bresson.NEWS,weblink Questions Raised About Dylan Show at Gagosian, Itzkoff, Dave, September 26, 2011, September 27, 2011, The New York Times, Art critic Blake Gopnik has defended Dylan's artistic practice, arguing: "Ever since the birth of photography, painters have used it as the basis for their works: Edgar Degas and Edouard Vuillard and other favorite artists—even Edvard Munch—all took or used photos as sources for their art, sometimes barely altering them."NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan Accused of Plagiarizing Famous Photos in His New Art Show, Gopnik, Blake, September 28, 2011, April 13, 2018,, The Daily Beast, The Magnum photo agency confirmed that Dylan had licensed the reproduction rights of these photographs.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan Paid to License Asia Series Photos, Magnum Says, October 1, 2011, October 4, 2011, Art+Auction, dead,weblink" title="">weblink October 7, 2011, mdy-all, Dylan's second show at the Gagosian Gallery, Revisionist Art, opened in November 2012. The show consisted of thirty paintings, transforming and satirizing popular magazines, including Playboy and Babytalk.WEB,weblink Gagosian Gallery artists: Bob Dylan, November 20, 2012, December 12, 2012,, NEWS,weblink Revisionist Art: Thirty Works by Bob Dylan, Smith, Roberta, December 13, 2012, December 14, 2012, The New York Times, In February 2013, Dylan exhibited the New Orleans Series of paintings at the Palazzo Reale in Milan.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan's 'New Orleans Series' Goes On Display In Milan, Parker, Sam, February 6, 2013, February 9, 2013, HuffPost, In August 2013, Britain's National Portrait Gallery in London hosted Dylan's first major UK exhibition, Face Value, featuring twelve pastel portraits.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan: Face Value, National Portrait Gallery, Güner, Fisun, August 24, 2013, August 26, 2013,, In November 2013, the Halcyon Gallery in London mounted Mood Swings, an exhibition in which Dylan displayed seven wrought iron gates he had made. In a statement released by the gallery, Dylan said, "I've been around iron all my life ever since I was a kid. I was born and raised in iron ore country, where you could breathe it and smell it every day. Gates appeal to me because of the negative space they allow. They can be closed but at the same time they allow the seasons and breezes to enter and flow. They can shut you out or shut you in. And in some ways there is no difference."WEB,weblink The Legendary Bob Dylan Unveils Seven Iron Gates Sculpture, September 24, 2013, November 16, 2013 accessdate=November 16, 2013, Halcyon Gallery, In November 2016, the Halcyon Gallery featured a collection of drawings, watercolors and acrylic works by Dylan. The exhibition, The Beaten Path, depicted American landscapes and urban scenes, inspired by Dylan's travels across the USA.WEB,weblink The Beaten Path, Dylan, Bob, November 5, 2016, December 2, 2016, Halcyon Gallery, The show was reviewed by Vanity Fair and Asia Times Online.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan's visual art is an important ode to America, Wilentz, Sean, November 5, 2016, Asia Times Online, November 16, 2016, WEB,weblink Bob Dylan is headed back to China – on canvas, Asia Times, Staff, November 5, 2016, Asia Times Online, November 16, 2016, WEB,weblink In His Own Words: Why Bob Dylan Paints, Dylan, Bob, November 2, 2016, Vanity Fair, November 16, 2016, In October 2018, the Halcyon Gallery mounted an exhibition of Dylan's drawings, Mondo Scripto. The works consisted of Dylan hand-written lyrics of his songs, with each song illustrated by a drawing.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan, Mondo Scripto, 09 Oct 2018 – 23 Dec 2018, September 10, 2018, April 2, 2019,, Since 1994, Dylan has published eight books of paintings and drawings.Drawn Blank, Random House (November 15, 1994); Bob Dylan: The Drawn Blank Series, Prestel (March 31, 2008); Bob Dylan: The Brazil Series, Prestel (October 25, 2010); Bob Dylan: The Asia Series, Gagosian Gallery (October 12, 2011); Revisionist Art: Thirty Works by Bob Dylan, Harry N. Abrams (March 26, 2013); Bob Dylan: Face Value, National Portrait Gallery (February 28, 2014); The Beaten Path, Halcyon Gallery (November 5, 2016); Mondo Scripto, Halcyon Gallery, (October 1, 2018)


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As a headliner As a co-headliner


Dylan has published Tarantula, a work of prose poetry; (Chronicles: Volume One), the first part of his memoirs; several books of the lyrics of his songs, and eight books of his art. He has also been the subject of numerous biographies and critical studies.

Personal life

Romantic relationships

Suze Rotolo

Dylan's first serious relationship was with artist Suze Rotolo, a daughter of American Communist Party radicals. According to Dylan, "She was the most erotic thing I'd ever seen... The air was suddenly filled with banana leaves. We started talking and my head started to spin."Dylan, Chronicles, 2004, p. 264. Rotolo was photographed arm-in-arm with Dylan on the cover of his album The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan. Critics have connected Rotolo to some of Dylan's early love songs, including "Don't Think Twice It's All Right." The relationship ended in 1964.Gray, The Bob Dylan Encyclopedia, 2006, pp. 592–594. In 2008, Rotolo published a memoir about her life in Greenwich Village and relationship with Dylan in the 1960s, A Freewheelin' Time.Suze Rotolo, A Freewheelin' Time, Aurum Press, 2008, {{ISBN|9781845133924}}

Joan Baez

When Joan Baez first met Dylan in April 1961, she had already released her first album and was acclaimed as the "Queen of Folk."Hajdu, Positively 4th Street, 2001, p.76 On hearing Dylan perform his song "With God on Our Side," Baez later said, "I never thought anything so powerful could come out of that little toad."JOURNAL,weblink Bob on Bob, Menand, Louis, September 4, 2006, December 20, 2016, The New Yorker, In July 1963, Baez invited Dylan to join her on stage at the Newport Folk Festival, setting the scene for similar duets over the next two years.Gray, The Bob Dylan Encyclopedia, 2006, pp. 28–31. By the time of Dylan's 1965 tour of the U.K, their romantic relationship had begun to fizzle out, as captured in D. A. Pennebaker's documentary film Dont Look Back. Baez later toured with Dylan as a performer on his Rolling Thunder Revue in 1975–76, and sang four songs with Dylan on the live album of the tour, (The Bootleg Series Vol. 5: Bob Dylan Live 1975, The Rolling Thunder Revue|Bob Dylan Live 1975, The Rolling Thunder Revue). Baez appeared with Dylan in the one-hour TV special Hard Rain, filmed at Fort Collins, Colorado, in May 1976. Baez also starred as 'The Woman In White' in the film Renaldo and Clara (1978), directed by Dylan and filmed during the Rolling Thunder Revue. Dylan and Baez toured together again in 1984 with Carlos Santana.Baez recalled her relationship with Dylan in Martin Scorsese's documentary film No Direction Home (2005). Baez wrote about Dylan in two autobiographies—admiringly in Daybreak (1968), and less admiringly in And A Voice to Sing With (1987). Baez's relationship with Dylan is the subject of her song "Diamonds & Rust", which has been described as "an acute portrait" of Dylan.

Sara Dylan

Dylan married Sara Lownds, who had worked as a model and a secretary to Drew Associates, on November 22, 1965. Their first child, Jesse Byron Dylan, was born on January 6, 1966, and they had three more children: Anna Lea (born July 11, 1967), Samuel Isaac Abram (born July 30, 1968), and Jakob Luke (born December 9, 1969). Dylan also adopted Sara's daughter from a prior marriage, Maria Lownds (later Dylan, born October 21, 1961). Sara Dylan played the role of Clara in Dylan's film Renaldo and Clara (1978). Bob and Sara Dylan were divorced on June 29, 1977.Gray (2006), pp. 198–200.Maria married musician Peter Himmelman in 1988.WEB,weblink Peter Himmelman Puts Family Before Rock 'n' Roll, October 12, 2010, December 22, 2016, NPR, Jakob became well known as the lead singer of the band the Wallflowers in the 1990s. Jesse is a film director and a successful businessman.

Carolyn Dennis

Dylan married his backup singer Carolyn Dennis (often professionally known as Carol Dennis) on June 4, 1986. Desiree Gabrielle Dennis-Dylan, their daughter, was born on January 31, 1986.Sounes, pp. 371–373. The couple divorced in October 1992. Their marriage and child remained a closely guarded secret until the publication of Howard Sounes' biography Down the Highway: The Life of Bob Dylan, in 2001.HTTP://NEWSVOTE.BBC.CO.UK/2/HI/ENTERTAINMENT/1273409.STM> TITLE = DYLAN'S SECRET MARRIAGE UNCOVEREDWORK=BBC NEWS, April 12, 2001,


When not touring, Dylan is believed to live primarily in Point Dume, a promontory on the coast of Malibu, California, though he also owns property around the world.MAGAZINE,weblink Bob Dylan's Designer Brings It All Back Home, Chagollan, Steve, April 26, 2013, September 16, 2017,, NEWS, Adams, Guy, How did Bob Dylan upset his neighbours? (The answer is blowin' in the wind),weblink July 14, 2010, The Independent, March 18, 2009, London,

Religious beliefs

Growing up in Hibbing, Minnesota, Dylan and his family were part of the area's small but close-knit Jewish community, and in May 1954 Dylan had his Bar Mitzvah.According to Robert Shelton, Dylan's teacher was "Rabbi Reuben Maier of the only synagogue on the Iron Range, Hibbing's Agudath Achim Synagogue." See Shelton, pp. 35–36. Around the time of his 30th birthday, in 1971, Dylan visited Israel, and also met Rabbi Meir Kahane, founder of the New York-based Jewish Defense League.Heylin (2000), p. 328. Time magazine quoted him saying about Kahane, "He's a really sincere guy. He's really put it all together."NEWS,weblink People, May 31, 1971, May 31, 1971, December 9, 2010, Time, Subsequently, Dylan downplayed the extent of his contact with Kahane.Heylin (2000), p. 329.File:Bob Dylan 1984.jpg|thumb|upright|right|alt=Dylan performing onstage with an electric guitar.|Dylan performs in Rotterdam AhoyRotterdam AhoyDuring the late 1970s, Dylan converted to Christianity. In November 1978, guided by his friend Mary Alice Artes, Dylan made contact with the Vineyard School of Discipleship.WEB,weblink The year Bob Dylan was born again: a timeline, McCarron, Andrew accessdate=January 24, 2017, Oxford University Press, Vineyard Pastor Kenn Gulliksen has recalled: "Larry Myers and Paul Emond went over to Bob's house and ministered to him. He responded by saying, 'Yes he did in fact want Christ in his life.' And he prayed that day and received the Lord."Heylin (2000), Bob Dylan: Behind the Shades Revisited, p. 494.Gray, 2006, The Bob Dylan Encyclopedia, pp. 76–80. From January to March 1979, Dylan attended the Vineyard Bible study classes in Reseda, California.Heylin, 1996, Bob Dylan: A Life In Stolen Moments, p. 206.By 1984, Dylan was distancing himself from the "born again" label. He told Kurt Loder of Rolling Stone magazine: "I've never said I'm born again. That's just a media term. I don't think I've been an agnostic. I've always thought there's a superior power, that this is not the real world and that there's a world to come." In response to Loder's asking whether he belonged to any church or synagogue, Dylan laughingly replied, "Not really. Uh, the Church of the Poison Mind."Rolling Stone, June 21, 1984, reprinted in Cott (ed.), Dylan on Dylan: The Essential Interviews, p. 288.When it was asked of Dylan in a 1986 press conference in Australia "How much do you feel you are a vessel, a medium for a higher power, for God, that it [the music] flows through you... for Him?" Dylan replied, "Well I feel that way about most of the stuff that I do."{{Citation|last=FilmStretchAustralia|title=Dylan press conference, 1986, Brett Whiteley Studio, Sydney|date=May 27, 2013|url=|accessdate=March 5, 2018}}In 1997, he told David Gates of Newsweek:}}In an interview published in The New York Times on September 28, 1997, journalist Jon Pareles reported that "Dylan says he now subscribes to no organized religion."NEWS,weblink A Wiser Voice Blowin' In the Autumn Wind, Jon, Pareles, Jon Pareles, The New York Times, September 28, 1997, May 12, 2010, Reprinted in Cott, Dylan on Dylan: The Essential Interviews, pp. 391–396.Dylan has supported the Chabad Lubavitch movement,Fishkoff, p. 167. and has privately participated in Jewish religious events, including the Bar Mitzvahs of his sons and attending Hadar Hatorah, a Chabad Lubavitch yeshiva. In September 1989 and September 1991, he appeared on the Chabad telethon.Heylin (1996), pp. 317, 343. On Yom Kippur in 2007 he attended Congregation Beth Tefillah, in Atlanta, Georgia, where he was called to the Torah for the sixth aliyah.NEWS, Bloom, Nate, Celebrity Jews: Dylan goes to shul,, September 27, 2007,weblink October 20, 2016, Dylan has continued to perform songs from his gospel albums in concert, occasionally covering traditional religious songs. He has also made passing references to his religious faith—such as in a 2004 interview with 60 Minutes, when he told Ed Bradley that "the only person you have to think twice about lying to is either yourself or to God." He also explained his constant touring schedule as part of a bargain he made a long time ago with the "chief commander—in this earth and in the world we can't see."NEWS,weblink", Dylan Looks Back, Leung, Rebecca, June 12, 2005, February 25, 2009, CBS News, In a 2009 interview with Bill Flanagan promoting Dylan's Christmas LP, Christmas in the Heart, Flanagan commented on the "heroic performance" Dylan gave of "O Little Town of Bethlehem" and that he "delivered the song like a true believer." Dylan replied: "Well, I am a true believer."WEB,weblink Bob Dylan gives interview to The Big Issue, Flanagan, Bill, November 28, 2009, March 26, 2010,, {{clear}}


(File:President Barack Obama presents American musician Bob Dylan with a Medal of Freedom.jpg|thumb|President Obama presents Dylan with a Medal of Freedom, May 2012)File:Sara Danius announces the Nobel Prize in Literature 2016 03.webm|thumb|Sara DaniusSara DaniusDylan has won many awards throughout his career including the 2016 Nobel Prize in Literature, ten Grammy Awards,WEB,weblink Bob Dylan, Grammy Awards, December 12, 2018,, one Academy Award and one Golden Globe Award. He has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame, and Songwriters Hall of Fame. In May 2000, Dylan received the Polar Music Prize from Sweden's King Carl XVI.WEB,weblink Dylan awarded Polar Music Prize, December 1, 2000, October 3, 2016, MTV, In June 2007, Dylan received the Prince of Asturias Award in the Arts category.WEB, Bob Dylan, Prince Of Asturias Award For The Arts 2007,weblink Fundación Princesa de Asturias, 2016, October 18, 2016, Dylan received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in May 2012.WEB,weblink President Obama Names Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients, April 26, 2012, April 27, 2012, White House, WEB,weblink Bob Dylan Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom, Rolling Stone, May 29, 2012, October 19, 2016, In February 2015, Dylan accepted the MusiCares Person of the Year award from the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, in recognition of his philanthropic and artistic contributions to society.NEWS, Sisario, Ben, At Grammys Event, Bob Dylan Speech Steals the Show,weblink February 8, 2015, The New York Times (ArtsBeat Blog), February 7, 2015, In November 2013, Dylan received the accolade of Légion d'Honneur from the French education minister Aurélie Filippetti.NEWS,weblink author = Gibsone, Harriet accessdate=October 3, 2016, The Guardian,

Nobel Prize in Literature

The Nobel Prize committee announced on October 13, 2016, that it would be awarding Dylan the Nobel Prize in Literature "for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition."WEB, The Nobel Prize in Literature 2016,weblink, October 13, 2016, October 13, 2016,weblink September 20, 2017, dead, WEB,weblink Bob Dylan wins 2016 Nobel Prize for Literature, CNN, October 13, 2016, October 19, 2016, The New York Times reported: "Mr. Dylan, 75, is the first musician to win the award, and his selection on Thursday is perhaps the most radical choice in a history stretching back to 1901." Dylan and George Bernard Shaw are the only two people who have received both a Nobel Prize and an Academy Award.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan: Who else has won a Nobel prize and an Oscar or Grammy?, Bright, Charles, October 14, 2016, July 3, 2018,, On October 21, a member of the Swedish Academy, writer Per Wästberg, termed Dylan "impolite and arrogant" for ignoring the Nobel Committee's attempts to contact him.NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan criticised as 'impolite and arrogant' by Nobel academy member, The Guardian, October 22, 2016, October 22, 2016, France-Presse, Agence, Academy permanent secretary Sara Danius answered, "The Swedish Academy has never held a view on a prizewinner's decision in this context, neither will it now."NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan's Silence on Nobel Prize Is Called 'Impolite and Arrogant' by Academy Member, Stack, Liam, October 22, 2016, The New York Times, October 29, 2016, After two weeks of speculation about Dylan's silence concerning the Nobel Prize,NEWS,weblink The Meaning of Bob Dylan's Silence, Kirsch, Adam, The New York Times, October 26, 2016, December 6, 2016, he said in an interview with Edna Gundersen that getting the award was: "amazing, incredible. Whoever dreams about something like that?"NEWS,weblink World exclusive: Bob Dylan – I'll be at the Nobel Prize ceremony... if I can, Gundersen, Enda, October 28, 2016, October 29, 2016, The Daily Telegraph, On November 17, 2016, the Swedish Academy announced that Dylan would not travel to Stockholm for the Nobel Prize Ceremony due to "pre-existing commitments."WEB,weblink Bob Dylan has decided not to come to Stockholm, November 16, 2016, November 17, 2016, Svenska Akadamien, At the Nobel Banquet in Stockholm on December 10, 2016, Dylan's banquet speech was given by Azita Raji, U.S. Ambassador to Sweden. The speech stated: "From an early age, I've been familiar with and reading and absorbing the works of those who were deemed worthy of such a distinction: Kipling, Shaw, Thomas Mann, Pearl Buck, Albert Camus, Hemingway. These giants of literature whose works are taught in the schoolroom, housed in libraries around the world and spoken of in reverent tones have always made a deep impression. That I now join the names on such a list is truly beyond words."WEB,weblink Bob Dylan – Banquet Speech, December 10, 2016, December 10, 2016,, Patti Smith accepted Dylan's Nobel with a "transcendent performance" of his song "A Hard Rain's A-Gonna Fall" to orchestral accompaniment.WEB,weblink A Transcendent Patti Smith Accepts Bob Dylan's Nobel Prize, Amanda, Petrusich, December 10, 2016,, On April 2, 2017, the Academy secretary Danius said: "Earlier today the Swedish Academy met with Bob Dylan for a private ceremony [with no media present] in Stockholm, during which Dylan received his gold medal and diploma. Twelve members of the Academy were present. Spirits were high. Champagne was had. Quite a bit of time was spent looking closely at the gold medal, in particular the beautifully crafted back, an image of a young man sitting under a laurel tree who listens to the Muse. Taken from Virgil's Aeneid, the inscription reads: Inventas vitam iuvat excoluisse per artes, loosely translated as "And they who bettered life on earth by their newly found mastery."WEB,weblink Bob Dylan has received the Nobel medal and diploma, Danius, Sara, April 2, 2017, April 2, 2017, Swedish Academy, dead,weblink April 2, 2017, mdy-all, On June 5, 2017, Dylan's Nobel Lecture was posted on the Nobel prize website.WEB, Bob, Dylan, Bob Dylan – Nobel Lecture,weblink, The New York Times pointed out that, in order to collect the prize's 8 million Swedish krona ($900,000), the Swedish Academy's rules stipulate the laureate "must deliver a lecture within six months of the official ceremony, which would have made Mr. Dylan's deadline June 10."NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan Delivers His Nobel Prize Lecture, Just in Time, Sisario, Ben, June 5, 2017, June 12, 2017, The New York Times, Academy secretary Danius commented: "The speech is extraordinary and, as one might expect, eloquent. Now that the lecture has been delivered, the Dylan adventure is coming to a close."NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan finally delivers his Nobel lecture, June 5, 2017, June 5, 2017, BBC News, In his essay, Dylan writes about the impact that three important books made on him: Herman Melville's Moby-Dick, Erich Maria Remarque's All Quiet on the Western Front and Homer's The Odyssey. He concludes: "Our songs are alive in the land of the living. But songs are unlike literature. They're meant to be sung, not read. The words in Shakespeare's plays were meant to be acted on the stage. Just as lyrics in songs are meant to be sung, not read on a page. And I hope some of you get the chance to listen to these lyrics the way they were intended to be heard: in concert or on record or however people are listening to songs these days. I return once again to Homer, who says, 'Sing in me, oh Muse, and through me tell the story'."WEB,weblink Bob Dylan's Nobel Lecture, Dylan, Bob, June 6, 2017, June 5, 2017, Swedish Academy, Alan Pasqua provided the uncredited piano accompaniment for the recorded speech.Sisario, Ben, "A Really Cool Gig': Playing Piano for Bob Dylan's Nobel Lecture", The New York Times, June 7, 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2017.


Dylan has been described as one of the most influential figures of the 20th century, musically and culturally. He was included in the (Time 100: The Most Important People of the Century), where he was called "master poet, caustic social critic and intrepid, guiding spirit of the counterculture generation."NEWS,weblink The Time 100: Bob Dylan, Cocks, Jay, June 14, 1999, October 5, 2008,, In 2008, the Pulitzer Prize jury awarded him a special citation for "his profound impact on popular music and American culture, marked by lyrical compositions of extraordinary poetic power."WEB,weblink The 2008 Pulitzer Prize Winners Special Awards and Citations, November 10, 2008, May 13, 2014,, President Barack Obama said of Dylan in 2012, "There is not a bigger giant in the history of American music." For 20 years, academics lobbied the Swedish Academy to give Dylan the Nobel Prize in Literature.WEB,weblink Finally and Formally Launched as a Candidate for the Nobel Prize for Literature, 1997, September 7, 2008,, May 24, 2002, WEB, Ball, Gordon,weblink Dylan and the Nobel, September 7, 2008, Oral Tradition Journal, Oral Tradition, March 7, 2007, NEWS,weblink Dylan's Words Strike Nobel Debate, September 7, 2008, CBS News, October 6, 2004, NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan's Nobel odds rise, but not his chances, Flood, Alison, September 19, 2012, September 20, 2012, The Guardian, London, He received the award in 2016, making Dylan the first musician to be awarded the Literature Prize.NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan Wins Nobel Prize, Redefining Boundaries of Literature, Sisario, Ben, October 13, 2016, October 14, 2016, The New York Times, Horace Engdahl, a member of the Nobel Committee, described Dylan's place in literary history:Rolling Stone has ranked Dylan at number one in its 2015 list of the 100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time,WEB, Bob Dylan â€“ 100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time,weblink Rolling Stone, November 1, 2016, and listed "Like A Rolling Stone" as the "Greatest Song of all Time" in their 2011 list.NEWS, Bob Dylan Like a Rolling Stone lyrics to go on sale,weblink May 4, 2014, BBC News, May 1, 2014, In 2008, it was estimated that Dylan had sold about 120 million albums worldwide.WEB,weblink Highest Selling Artists worldwide (Album Sales Only), December 2007, May 13, 2014,, Initially modeling his writing style on the songs of Woody Guthrie,Dylan, pp. 243–246. the blues of Robert Johnson,Dylan, pp. 281–288. and what he termed the "architectural forms" of Hank Williams songs,Dylan, pp. 95–97. Dylan added increasingly sophisticated lyrical techniques to the folk music of the early 1960s, infusing it "with the intellectualism of classic literature and poetry."ENCYCLOPEDIA,weblink Bob Dylan, October 5, 2008, Encyclopædia Britannica Online, Paul Simon suggested that Dylan's early compositions virtually took over the folk genre: "[Dylan's] early songs were very rich ... with strong melodies. 'Blowin' in the Wind' has a really strong melody. He so enlarged himself through the folk background that he incorporated it for a while. He defined the genre for a while."Fong-Torres, The Rolling Stone Interviews, Vol. 2, p. 424. Reproduced online:WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink April 21, 2008, Rolling Stone interview (1972), June 6, 1972, September 8, 2009, Bob Dylan Roots, When Dylan made his move from acoustic folk and blues music to a rock backing, the mix became more complex. For many critics, his greatest achievement was the cultural synthesis exemplified by his mid-1960s trilogy of albums—Bringing It All Back Home, Highway 61 Revisited and Blonde on Blonde. In Mike Marqusee's words:Dylan's lyrics began to receive detailed scrutiny from academics and poets as early as 1998, when Stanford University sponsored the first international academic conference on Bob Dylan to be held in the United States.Markworth, Tino. Bob Dylan – The 1998 International Conference at Stanford University. Retrieved March 12, 2017. In 2004, Richard F. Thomas, Classics professor at Harvard University, created a freshman seminar titled "Dylan" "to put the artist in context of not just popular culture of the last half-century, but the tradition of classical poets like Virgil and Homer."NEWS, Schuessler, Jessica, Bob Dylan 101: A Harvard Professor Has the Coolest Class on Campus, The New York Times, October 14, 2016, Literary critic Christopher Ricks published Dylan's Visions of Sin, a 500-page analysis of Dylan's work,BOOK, Christopher, Ricks, Dylan's Visions of Sin, Penguin/Viking, 2003, 978-0-670-80133-6, and has said: "I'd not have written a book about Dylan, to stand alongside my books on Milton and Keats, Tennyson and T.S. Eliot, if I didn't think Dylan a genius of and with language.WEB,weblink Bob Dylan's Nobel Prize divides Irish writers and literary critics, Doyle, Martin, October 13, 2016, December 15, 2016, The Irish Times, Former British poet laureate Andrew Motion suggested his lyrics should be studied in schools.NEWS,weblink Andrew Motion explains why Bob Dylan's lyrics should be studied in schools, Motion, Andrew, September 22, 2007, October 10, 2008, The Times, London, The critical consensus that Dylan's song writing was his outstanding creative achievement was articulated by Encyclopædia Britannica where his entry stated: "Hailed as the Shakespeare of his generation, Dylan... set the standard for lyric writing."WEB,weblink Bob Dylan: American musician, Al Kooper, November 5, 2016, Encyclopædia Britannica, Al Kooper, Dylan's voice also received critical attention. Robert Shelton described his early vocal style as "a rusty voice suggesting Guthrie's old performances, etched in gravel like Dave Van Ronk's."Shelton, pp. 108–111. David Bowie, in his tribute, "Song for Bob Dylan", described Dylan's singing as "a voice like sand and glue." His voice continued to develop as he began to work with rock'n'roll backing bands; critic Michael Gray described the sound of Dylan's vocal work on "Like a Rolling Stone" as "at once young and jeeringly cynical."Gray (2006), p. 413. As Dylan's voice aged during the 1980s, for some critics, it became more expressive. Christophe Lebold writes in the journal Oral Tradition, "Dylan's more recent broken voice enables him to present a world view at the sonic surface of the songs—this voice carries us across the landscape of a broken, fallen world. The anatomy of a broken world in "Everything is Broken" (on the album Oh Mercy) is but an example of how the thematic concern with all things broken is grounded in a concrete sonic reality."WEB,weblink A Face like a Mask and a Voice that Croaks: An Integrated Poetics of Bob Dylan's Voice, Personae, and Lyrics, Lebold, Christophe, March 1, 2007, May 3, 2010, Oral Tradition, Dylan is considered a seminal influence on many musical genres. As Edna Gundersen stated in USA Today: "Dylan's musical DNA has informed nearly every simple twist of pop since 1962."NEWS,weblink Forever Dylan, May 17, 2001, September 9, 2014, Gundersen, Edna, USA Today, Punk musician Joe Strummer praised Dylan for having "laid down the template for lyric, tune, seriousness, spirituality, depth of rock music."NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan: His Legacy to Music, May 29, 2001, October 5, 2008, BBC News, Other major musicians who acknowledged Dylan's importance include Johnny Cash,"I don't have to tell you who Bob Dylan is—the greatest writer of our time." Johnny Cash from the intro to "Wanted Man", At San Quentin, recorded February 24, 1969. Jerry Garcia,BOOK, Richardson, P., No Simple Highway, St. Martin's Press, 2015, 978-1-250-01062-9,weblink May 13, 2016, 150, Dylan's influence on Garcia and Hunter was a given; both admired his songwriting and thought he gave rock music a modicum of respectability and authority. "He took [rock music] out of the realm of ignorant guys banging away on electrical instruments and put it somewhere else altogether," Garcia said later., John Lennon,Lennon: "In Paris in 1964 was the first time I ever heard Dylan at all. Paul got the record (The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan) from a French DJ. For three weeks in Paris we didn't stop playing it. We all went potty about Dylan.": Beatles, (2000), The Beatles Anthology, pp. 112–114. Paul McCartney,McCartney: "I'm in awe of Bob ... He hit a period where people went, 'Oh, I don't like him now.' And I said, 'No. It's Bob Dylan.' To me, it's like Picasso, where people discuss his various periods, 'This was better than this, was better than this.' But I go, 'No. It's Picasso. It's all good.' "NEWS,weblink Paul McCartney interview, Siegel, Robert, June 27, 2007, August 25, 2015, A.V. Club, Pete Townshend,"They asked me what effect Bob Dylan had on me," Townshend said. "That's like asking how I was influenced by being born." Flanagan, (1990), Written In My Soul, p. 88. Neil Young,"Bob Dylan, I'll never be Bob Dylan. He's the master. If I'd like to be anyone, it's him. And he's a great writer, true to his music and done what he feels is the right thing to do for years and years and years. He's great. He's the one I look to." Time interview with Neil Young, September 28, 2005. Reproduced online : NEWS,weblink Resurrection of Neil Young, Tyrangiel, Josh, September 28, 2005, September 15, 2008, Time, Bruce Springsteen, David Bowie,Song for Bob Dylan on the album Hunky Dory, David Bowie, 1971 Bryan Ferry,In 2007, Ferry released an album of his versions of Dylan songs, Dylanesque Nick Cave,Mojo: What, if push comes to shove, is your all-time favourite album? Nick Cave: "I guess it's Slow Train Coming by Bob Dylan. That's a great record, full of mean-spirited spirituality. It's a genuinely nasty record, certainly the nastiest 'Christian' album I've ever come across." Mojo, January 1997WEB,weblink Nick Cave and Bob Dylan, Maes, Maurice, December 31, 2001, September 15, 2008, Nick Cave Collector's Hell, Patti Smith,Time Out interview with Patti Smith, May 16, 2007: "The people I revered in the late '60s and the early '70s, their motivation was to do great work and great work creates revolution. The motivation of Jimi Hendrix, Bob Dylan or The Who wasn't marketing, to get rich, or be a celebrity."WEB,weblink Patti Smith: interview, May 16, 2007, September 8, 2008, Time Out (magazine), Time Out, Syd Barrett,WEB,weblink Bob Dylan Blues, Barrett, Syd, May 4, 2010, pink, Joni Mitchell,NEWS,weblink The Impact of Dylan's Music 'Widened the Scope of Possibilities', Hilburn, Robert, May 19, 1991, August 18, 2011, Los Angeles Times, Tom WaitsNEWS,weblink Tom Waits on his cherished albums of all time, January 8, 2007, Observer Music Monthly, London, March 22, 2005, and Leonard Cohen.WEB,weblink Leonard Cohen Corrects Himself, Willman, Chris, October 14, 2016, November 13, 2016, Billboard, Dylan significantly contributed to the initial success of both the Byrds and the Band: the Byrds achieved chart success with their version of "Mr. Tambourine Man" and the subsequent album, while the Band were Dylan's backing band on his 1966 tour, recorded (The Bootleg Series Vol. 11: The Basement Tapes Complete|The Basement Tapes) with him in 1967,WEB,weblink The Basement Tapes (1975), Marcus, Greil, April 10, 2010, July 1, 2017Music From Big Pink>debut album.Hoskyns, pp. 153–157.Some critics have dissented from the view of Dylan as a visionary figure in popular music. In his book Awopbopaloobop Alopbamboom, Nik Cohn objected: "I can't take the vision of Dylan as seer, as teenage messiah, as everything else he's been worshipped as. The way I see him, he's a minor talent with a major gift for self-hype."Cohn, pp. 164–165. Australian critic Jack Marx credited Dylan with changing the persona of the rock star: "What cannot be disputed is that Dylan invented the arrogant, faux-cerebral posturing that has been the dominant style in rock since, with everyone from Mick Jagger to Eminem educating themselves from the Dylan handbook."NEWS,weblink Tangled Up In Blah, Marx, Jack, September 2, 2008, October 5, 2008, The Australian, Fellow musicians have also presented dissenting views. Joni Mitchell described Dylan as a "plagiarist" and his voice as "fake" in a 2010 interview in the Los Angeles Times, despite the fact that Mitchell had toured with Dylan in the past, and both artists have covered each others songs.NEWS,weblink It's a Joni Mitchell concert, Diehl, Matt, April 22, 2010, May 2, 2010, Los Angeles Times, WEB, Bethany, Larson, Folk Face-Off: Joni Mitchell vs. Bob Dylan,weblink April 23, 2010, August 4, 2011,, Mitchell's comment led to discussions of Dylan's use of other people's material, both supporting and criticizing him.NEWS,weblink Is Bob Dylan a Phony?, Wilentz, Sean, Sean Wilentz, April 30, 2010, May 2, 2010, The Daily Beast, Talking to Mikal Gilmore in Rolling Stone in 2012, Dylan responded to the allegation of plagiarism, including his use of Henry Timrod's verse in his album Modern Times, by saying that it was "part of the tradition."WEB,weblink Bob Dylan Unleashed, Gilmore, Mikal, September 27, 2012, January 11, 2013, Rolling Stone,weblink September 2, 2017, dead, Dylan told Gilmore: "As far as Henry Timrod is concerned, have you even heard of him? Who's been reading him lately? And who's pushed him to the forefront?... And if you think it's so easy to quote him and it can help your work, do it yourself and see how far you can get. Wussies and pussies complain about that stuff. It's an old thing—it's part of the tradition."If Dylan's work in the 1960s was seen as bringing intellectual ambition to popular music, critics in the 21st century described him as a figure who had greatly expanded the folk culture from which he initially emerged. Following the release of Todd Haynes' Dylan biopic I'm Not There, J. Hoberman wrote in his 2007 Village Voice review:}}When Dylan was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, The New York Times commented: "In choosing a popular musician for the literary world's highest honor, the Swedish Academy, which awards the prize, dramatically redefined the boundaries of literature, setting off a debate about whether song lyrics have the same artistic value as poetry or novels." Responses varied from the sarcasm of Irvine Welsh, who described it as "an ill conceived nostalgia award wrenched from the rancid prostates of senile, gibbering hippies",WEB,weblink Irvine Welsh slams Nobel Prize award for Bob Dylan, October 13, 2016, December 15, 2016, The Scotsman, to the enthusiasm of Salman Rushdie who tweeted: "From Orpheus to Faiz, song & poetry have been closely linked. Dylan is the brilliant inheritor of the bardic tradition. Great choice."WEB,weblink Writers divided on Bob Dylan's Nobel honor, Taylor, Charles, October 13, 2015, October 16, 2016, CBS news,

Archives and tributes

Dylan's archive, comprising notebooks, song drafts, business contracts, recordings and movie out-takes, is held at the Gilcrease Museum's Helmerich Center for American Research in Tulsa, Oklahoma, which is also the home of the papers of Woody Guthrie.WEB, Blistein, Jon,weblink Massive Bob Dylan Archive Opens in Oklahoma, Rolling Stone, March 30, 2017, March 28, 2017, In 2017, the George Kaiser Family Foundation announced a design competition for a major Bob Dylan Center in Tulsa's Arts District.WEB,weblink The George Kaiser Family Foundation has launched a contest for a new archive and museum dedicated to Bob Dylan in Tulsa, Oklahoma, Fulcher, Merlin, April 4, 2017, April 6, 2017, Architectural Journal, WEB,weblink Bob Dylan Center, April 6, 2017, George Kaiser Family Foundation,weblink" title="">weblink April 6, 2017, dead, mdy-all, In 2018, the foundation announced that it had selected Olson Kundig Architects to design the building.NEWS,weblink Tulsa finalizes Bob Dylan Center location, design firm, AP News, July 13, 2018, en-US, The center is expected to open in 2021, and be located next to the facility dedicated to Guthrie.NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan Center taking shape in Tulsa with location, opening date, design firm finalized, World, James D. Watts Jr. Tulsa, Tulsa World, July 13, 2018, en, In 2005, 7th Avenue East in Hibbing, Minnesota, the street on which Dylan lived from ages 6 to 18, received the honorary name Bob Dylan Drive.NEWS,weblink Bob Dylan finally honoured by his home town, Buncombe, Andrew, June 3, 2005, March 30, 2017, The Independent, WEB,weblink Bob Dylan's hometown of Hibbing struggles with how to honor its most famous son | Minnesota Public Radio News,, December 9, 2016, March 30, 2017, WEB,weblink Minnesota Historical Society, podcast, Hibbing Podcast Project, December 12, 2012, (interviews of Hibbingsans about local sights of interest), Aleah Vinick, et al, dead,weblink" title="">weblink March 30, 2017, mdy-all, In the town Hibbing, a walk of fame-styled "star" is embedded in a sidewalk with the words Bob Dylan as well as a cursive-Z for Dylan's nickname Zimmy in youth.WEB,weblink Dylan reveals his favorite song that includes his name in the lyrics | Minnesota Public Radio News,, March 24, 2017, March 30, 2017, In 2006 a cultural pathway, Bob Dylan Way, was inaugurated in Duluth, Minnesota, the city where Dylan was born. The 1.8 mile path links "cultural and historically significant areas of downtown for the tourists."WEB,weblink Bob Dylan Way, June 1, 2006, March 30, 2017,, WEB,weblink Bob Dylan Way, Duluth MN, April 10, 2010, March 30, 2017,, In 2015, a massive Bob Dylan mural was unveiled in downtown Minneapolis, the city where Dylan attended university for a year. The mural was designed by Brazilian street artist Eduardo Kobra.WEB,weblink Towering, kaleidoscopic Dylan mural is now complete, Kerr, Euan, September 8, 2015, March 30, 2017,,

See also

  • {{Books-inline|Bob Dylan}}







{{div col|colwidth=30em}}
  • BOOK, John, Bauldie, Wanted Man: In Search of Bob Dylan, Penguin Books, 1992, 978-0-14-015361-3,
  • BOOK, The, Beatles, The Beatles Anthology, Cassell & Co., 2000, 978-0-304-35605-8,
  • BOOK, Ian, Bell, Once Upon a Time: The Lives of Bob Dylan, Mainstream Publishing, 2012, 978-1-78057-573-5,
  • BOOK, Nik, Cohn, Awopbopaloobop Alopbamboom, Paladin, 1970, 978-0-586-08014-6,
  • BOOK, Jonathan, Cott, Dylan on Dylan: The Essential Interviews, Hodder & Stoughton, 2006, 978-0-340-92312-2,
  • BOOK, Kevin J., Dettmar, The Cambridge Companion to Bob Dylan, Cambridge University Press, 2008, 978-0-521-71494-5, The Cambridge Companion to Bob Dylan,
  • BOOK, David, Dalton, Who Is That Man?: In Search of the Real Bob Dylan, New York, Hyperion, 2012, 978-1-4013-2339-4,
  • BOOK, Steven, Daly, David, Kamp, The Rock Snob's Dictionary: An Essential Lexicon of Rockological Knowledge, Broadway Books, 2005, 978-0-7679-1873-2,weblink
  • BOOK, Bob, Dylan, Chronicles: Volume One, Simon and Schuster, 2004, 978-0-7432-2815-2, Chronicles: Volume One,
  • BOOK, Sue, Fishkoff, The Rebbe's Army: Inside the World of Chabad-Lubavitch, Schocken Books, 2003, 978-0-8052-1138-2,
  • BOOK, Bill, Flanagan, Written In My Soul, Omnibus Press, 1990, 978-0-7119-2224-2,
  • BOOK, Ben, Fong-Torres, The Rolling Stone Interviews, 2, Warner Paperback Library, 1973,
  • BOOK, Andy, Gill, Classic Bob Dylan: My Back Pages, Carlton, 1999, 978-1-85868-599-1,
  • BOOK, Any Gill & Kevin Odegard, A Simple Twist Of Fate: Bob Dylan and the Making of Blood on the Tracks,weblink registration, Da Capo Press, 2004, 978-0-306-81413-6,
  • {hide}Gilliland |show=31 |title=Ballad in Plain D: An introduction to the Bob Dylan era

  • BOOK, Michael, Gray, Michael Gray (author), Song & Dance Man III: The Art of Bob Dylan, Continuum International, 2000, 978-0-8264-5150-7,
  • BOOK, Michael, Gray, The Bob Dylan Encyclopedia, Continuum International, 2006, 978-0-8264-6933-5, The Bob Dylan Encyclopedia,
  • BOOK, David, Hajdu, David Hajdu, Positively 4th Street: The Lives and Times of Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Mimi Baez Farina, and Richard Farina, Farrar Straus Giroux, 2001, 978-0-374-28199-1,
  • BOOK, Todd, Harvey, The Formative Dylan: Transmission & Stylistic Influences, 1961–1963, The Scarecrow Press, 2001, 978-0-8108-4115-4,
  • BOOK, Benjamin, Hedin, Studio A: The Bob Dylan Reader, W.W. Norton & Co., 2004, 978-0-393-32742-7,
  • BOOK, This Wheel's on Fire: Levon Helm and the Story of the Band, Helm, Levon, Levon Helm, Stephen Davis, 2000, a capella, 978-1-55652-405-9,
  • BOOK, Clinton, Heylin, Clinton Heylin, Saved!: The Gospel Speeches of Bob Dylan, Hanuman Books, 1990, 978-0-937815-38-0,
  • BOOK, Clinton, Heylin, Bob Dylan: A Life In Stolen Moments, Book Sales, 1996, 978-0-7119-5669-8,
  • BOOK, Clinton, Heylin, Bob Dylan: Behind the Shades: Take Two, Viking, 2000, 978-0-670-88506-0,
  • BOOK, Clinton, Heylin, Revolution In The Air: The Songs of Bob Dylan, Volume One: 1957–73, Constable, 2009, 978-1-84901-051-1,
  • BOOK, Clinton, Heylin, Still On The Road: The Songs of Bob Dylan, Volume Two: 1974–2008, Constable, 2010, 978-1-84901-011-5,
  • BOOK, Clinton, Heylin, Bob Dylan: Behind the Shades: 20th Anniversary Edition, Faber and Faber, 2011, 978-0-571-27240-2,
  • BOOK, Barney, Hoskyns, Barney Hoskyns, Across The Great Divide: The Band and America, Viking, 1993, 978-0-670-84144-8,
  • BOOK, C. P., Lee, CP Lee, Like a Bullet of Light: The Films of Bob Dylan, Helter Skelter, 2000, 978-1-900924-06-1,weblink
  • BOOK, Greil, Marcus, Greil Marcus, The Old, Weird America: The World of Bob Dylan's Basement Tapes, Picador, 2001, 978-0-312-42043-7, Invisible Republic,
  • BOOK, Greil, Marcus, Greil Marcus, Like a Rolling Stone: Bob Dylan at the Crossroads, Faber and Faber, 2005, 978-0-571-22385-5,
  • BOOK, Mike, Marqusee, Wicked Messenger: Bob Dylan and the 1960s, Seven Stories Press, 2005, 978-1-58322-686-5,
  • BOOK, Scott, Marshall, Restless Pilgrim: The Spiritual Journey of Bob Dylan, Relevant Books, 2002, 978-0-9714576-2-1,
  • {{citation|first=Jim (ed.)|last=Miller |title=The Rolling Stone History of Rock & Roll| publisher=Picador |year=1981|isbn=978-0-330-26568-3}}
  • BOOK, Andrew, Muir, Razor's Edge: Bob Dylan & the Never Ending Tour, Helter Skelter, 2001, 978-1-900924-13-9,
  • BOOK, Mark, Polizzotti, Highway 61 Revisited, Continuum, 2006, 978-0-8264-1775-6,
  • BOOK, Christopher, Ricks, Dylan's Visions of Sin, Penguin/Viking, 2003, 978-0-670-80133-6,
  • BOOK, Anthony, Scaduto, Bob Dylan, Helter Skelter, 2001, 1972, 978-1-900924-23-8,
  • BOOK, Robert, Shelton, No Direction Home, New English Library, 1986, 978-0-450-04843-2,
  • BOOK, Robert, Shelton, No Direction Home: The Life and Music of Bob Dylan, Revised and updated edition, Omnibus Press, 2011, 978-1-84938-911-2,
  • BOOK, Sam, Shepard, Rolling Thunder Logbook, Da Capo, 2004, reissue, 978-0-306-81371-9,
  • BOOK, Howard, Sounes, Down The Highway: The Life Of Bob Dylan, Grove Press, 2001, 978-0-8021-1686-4,weblink
  • BOOK, Richard, Williams, Dylan: A Man Called Alias, Bloomsbury, 1992, 978-0-7475-1084-0,
  • BOOK, Nigel, Williamson, The Rough Guide to Bob Dylan, Rough Guides, 2004, 978-1-84353-139-5,
{{div col end}}

External links

{{Spoken Wikipedia|Bobdylanpart1.ogg|November 6, 2008}}
  • {{Official website}}
  • BobLinks â€“ Comprehensive log of concerts and set lists
  • Bjorner's Still on the Road â€“ Information on recording sessions and performances
  • {{IMDb name|1168|Bob Dylan}}

{{Bob Dylan|state=expanded}}{{Bob Dylan singles}}{{NavboxesList of awards and nominations received by Bob Dylan>Awards for Bob Dylan|list ={{AcademyAwardBestOriginalSong 1991–2000}}{{Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song}}{{Grammy Award for Album of the Year}}{{Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award}}{{Kennedy Center Honorees 1990s}}{{MusiCares Person of the Year}}{{National Medal of Arts recipients 2000s}}{{Prince of Asturias Award for the Arts}}{{2016 Nobel Prize winners}}{{Nobel Prize in Literature}}{{Polar Music Prize}}{{PulitzerPrize SpecialCitations Arts}}{{1988 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame}}}}{{The Band}}{{Wilburys}}{{Theme Time Radio Hour}}{{Authority control}}{{Featured article}}

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