aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{short description|Islamic phrase ("In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful")}}{{Other uses|Bismillah (disambiguation){{!}}Bismillah|In the name of Allah (disambiguation)}}{{italic title}}File:Bismillah.svg|thumb|Simple calligraphic renditioncalligraphic rendition(File:Bismillah.JPG|thumb|The Basmala, artistically rendered in the shape of a pear|alt=White-on-black rendering of the Basmala in the shape of a pear)(File:Bismillah Hir Rahman Nir Raheem.svg|thumb| )File:بسملة.png|thumb|ThuluthThuluthFile:Basmalah-1wm.svg|thumb|ThuluthThuluthFile:The Bismillah India.jpg|thumb|upright|Mughal era calligraphy ]]The Bismillah ( {{transl|ar|ALA-LC|bismillah}}), also known by its incipit {{transl|ar|ALA-LC|Bismillāh}} (, "In the name of Allah")WEB,weblink Bismillah al rahman al rahim, Shelquist, Richard, 2008-01-03, Living from the Heart, Wahiduddin, 2009-06-21, , is the Islamic phrase {{transl|ar|bi-smi llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm}} "In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful".This is the phrase recited before each surah (chapter) of the Qur'an{{spaced ndash}}except for the ninth.See, however, the discussion of the eighth and ninth suras at Al-Anfal (the eighth sura).BOOK, Ali, Kecia, Islam: the key concepts, 2008, Routledge, London, 0-415-39638-7, Repr., Leaman, Oliver, It is used by Muslims in various contexts (for instance, during daily prayer) and is used in over half of the constitutions of countries where Islam is the official religion or more than half of the population follows Islam, usually the first phrase in the preamble, including those of Afghanistan,WEB, Afghanistan Constitution,weblink International Constitutional Law Project, 5 January 2016, Bahrain,WEB, Constitution of the State of Bahrain,weblink Constitution Finder, University of Richmond, 5 January 2016, Bangladesh,WEB, The Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh,weblink Laws of Bangladesh, Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs, 5 January 2016, Brunei,WEB, Constitution of Brunei Darussalam (as revised 1984),weblink Constitution Finder, University of Richmond, 5 January 2016, Egypt,WEB, Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt 2014,weblink Egypt State Information Service, Egypt State Information Service, 5 January 2016, Iran,WEB, Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran,weblink International Constitutional Law Project, 5 January 2016, Iraq,WEB, Iraqi Constitution,weblink Republic of Iran - Ministry of Interior - General Directorate of Nationality, 5 January 2016, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 28 November 2016, Kuwait,WEB, Kuwait Constitution,weblink International Constitutional Law Project, 5 January 2016, Libya,WEB, Libya's Constitution of 2011,weblink Constitute Project, 5 January 2016, Maldives,WEB, Constitution of the Republic of Maldives 2008,weblink Republic of Maldives Ministry of Tourism, 5 January 2016, Pakistan,WEB, The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan,weblink National Assembly of Pakistan, 5 January 2016, Tunisia,WEB, The Constitution of the Republic of Tunisia,weblink Venice Commission, Council of Europe, 5 January 2016, and the United Arab Emirates.WEB, Constitution of the United Arab Emirates,weblink Refworld The Leader in Refugee Decision Support, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 5 January 2016, In Arabic calligraphy, the Bismillah is the most prevalent motif, even more so than the Shahadah.{{citation needed|date=January 2015}}In Unicode, the Bismillah is encoded as one ligature at code point U+FDFD {{script|Arab|﷽}} in the Arabic Presentation Forms-A block.


The word bismillah was derived from a slightly unusual procedure, in which the first four pronounced consonants of the phrase bismi-llāhi... were used as a quadriliteral consonantal root:A New Arabic Grammar of the Written Language by J.A. Haywood and H.M. Nahmad (London: Lund Humphries, 1965), {{ISBN|0-85331-585-X}}, p. 263. b-s-m-l (). This abstract consonantal root was used to derive the noun bismillah and its related verb forms, meaning "to recite the bismillah". Other oft-repeated phrases in Islam given their own names include "Allāhu Akbar" (, called the Takbir and usually translated as "Allah is [the] Greatest" or "God is Great") and the phrase beginning "A`ūdhu billāhi..." called the Ta'awwudh. The method of coining a quadriliteral name from the consonants of a phrase is paralleled by the name Hamdala for Alhamdulillah.Recitation of the Basmala is known as {{transl|ar|ALA-LC|tasmiyah}} ().

Use and significance

According to Lane, {{transl|ar|DIN|ar-raḥmān}} has the more intensive meaning, taken to include as objects of "sympathy" both the believer and the unbeliever, and may therefore be rendered as "the Compassionate";{{transl|ar|DIN|ar-raḥīm}}, on the other hand, is taken to include as objects the believer in particular, may be rendered as "the Merciful" (considered as expressive of a constant attribute).In the Qur'an, the bismillah is usually numbered as the first verse of the first sura, but, according to the view adopted by Al-Tabari, it precedes the first verse. Apart from the ninth sura ("At-Tawba"), it occurs at the beginning of each subsequent sura of the Qur'an and is usually not numbered as a verse except at its first appearance at the start of the first sura. The Basmala occurs as part of a sura's text in verse 30 of the 27th sura ("An-Naml"), where it prefaces a letter from Sulayman to Bilqis, the Queen of Sheba.The Basmala is used extensively in everyday Muslim life, said as the opening of each action in order to receive blessing from God.WEB, Definition,weblink Reciting the Basmala is a necessary requirement in the preparation of halal food.In the Indian subcontinent, a Bismillah ceremony is held for a child's initiation into Islam.The three definite nouns of the Basmala—Allah, ar-Rahman and ar-Rahim—correspond to the first three of the traditional 99 names of God in Islam. Both ar-Rahman and ar-Rahim are from the same triliteral root R-Ḥ-M, "to feel sympathy, or pity".The Basmala has a special significance for Muslims, who are to begin each task after reciting the verse. It is often preceded by Ta'awwudh.


There are several ahadith encouraging Muslims to recite it before eating and drinking. For example:Jabir reported: I heard Messenger of Allah (saw) saying, "If a person mentions the Name of Allah upon entering his house or eating, Satan says, addressing his followers: 'You will find nowhere to spend the night and no dinner.' But if he enters without mentioning the Name of Allah, Satan says (to his followers); 'You have found (a place) to spend the night in, and if he does not mention the Name of Allah at the time of eating, Satan says: 'You have found (a place) to spend the night in as well as food."'
— From Muslim
Aisha reported: "The Prophet said, “When any of you wants to eat, he should mention the Name of God in the beginning (Bismillah). If he forgets to do it in the beginning, he should say Bismillah awwalahu wa akhirahu (I begin with the Name of God at the beginning and at the end)".
— From At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud
Umaiyyah bin Makshi reported: "The Prophet was sitting while a man was eating food. That man did not mention the Name of God till only a morsel of food was left. When he raised it to his mouth, he said, Bismillah awwalahu wa akhirahu. The Prophet smiled at this and said, "Satan had been eating with him but when he mentioned the Name of God, Satan vomited all that was in his stomach".
— From Abu Dawud and Al-Nasa'i
Wahshi bin Harb reported: "Some of the Sahaba of the Prophet said, 'We eat but are not satisfied.' He said, 'Perhaps you eat separately.' The Sahaba replied in the affirmative. He then said, 'Eat together and mention the Name of God over your food. It will be blessed for you.'
— From Abu Dawood
According to a Tradition, Muhammad said:Titus Burckhardt (2008) [1959]. An Introduction to Sufi Doctrine. World Wisdom Inc., Bloomington IN, USA. {{ISBN|1933316500}}. p. 36.All that is contained in the revealed books is to be found in the Qur’an and all that is contained in the Qur’an is summed up in the surat al-fatihah ("The opening one") while this is in its turn contained in the formula Bismillahi-r-Rahmani-r-Rahim ("In the name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful").A tradition ascribed to Imam Ali states:The basmalah is in essence contained in the first letter, Ba, and this again in its diacritical point, which thus symbolizes principal Unity.


In a commentary on the Basmala in his Tafsir al-Tabari, al-Tabari writes:
“The Messenger of Allah (the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said that Jesus was handed by his mother Mary over to a school in order that he might be taught. [The teacher] said to him: ‘Write “Bism (In the name of)”.’ And Jesus said to him: ‘What is “Bism”?’ The teacher said: ‘I do not know.’ Jesus said: ‘The “Ba” is Baha’u'llah (the glory of Allah), the “Sin” is His Sana’ (radiance), and the “Mim” is His Mamlakah (sovereignty).”BOOK, Momen, M., 2000, Islam and the Bahá'í Faith, George Ronald, Oxford, UK, 0-85398-446-8, 242, In note 330 on page 274 of the same book Dr. Momen states the following: "At-Tabarí, Jámi’-al-Bayán, vol. 1, p.40. Some of the abbreviated editions of this work (such as the Mu’assasah ar-Risálah, Beirut, 1994 edition) omit this passage as does the translation by J. Cooper (Oxford University Press, 1987). Ibn kathír records this tradition, Tafsír, vol. 1, p. 17. As-Suyútí in ad-Durr al-Manthúr, vol. 1, p. 8, also records this tradition and gives a list of other scholars who have cited it including Abú Na’ím al-Isfahání in Hilyat al-Awliya’ and Ibn ‘Asákir in Taríkh Dimashq."


The total value of the letters of Bismillah al-Rahman al-Rahim, according to the standard Abjadi system of numerology, is 786.This number has therefore acquired a significance in folk Islam and Near Eastern folk magic.A recommendation of reciting the basmala 786 times in sequence is recorded in Al-Buni. Sündermann (2006) reports that a contemporary "spiritual healer" from Syriarecommends the recitation of the basmala 786 times over a cup of water, which is then to be ingested as medicine.Katja Sündermann, Spirituelle Heiler im modernen Syrien: Berufsbild und Selbstverständnis - Wissen und Praxis, Hans Schiler, 2006, p. 371.It has also become common to abbreviate the phrase by typing "786", especially in online communication, and especially among South Asian Muslims.{{citation needed|date=January 2015}}

Alternative Christian meaning

Arabic-speaking Christians sometimes use the name Basmala to refer to the Christian Trinitarian formula "In the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit" ({{nowrap|}} {{transl|ar|ALA-LC|bismi-l-’ābi wa-l-ibni wa-r-rūḥi l-qudusi}}) from (Gospel of Matthew|Matthew 28:19).Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic by Hans Wehr, edited by J.M. Cowan, 4th edition 1979 ({{ISBN|0-87950-003-4}}), p. 73.C.f. Matthew 28:19 (Arabic) {{webarchive |url= |date=February 12, 2006 }} Retrieved 2011-07-25.

See also





External links

{{Commons category|Basmala in Arabic calligraphy}} {{Islamic prayer}}{{Islamic calligraphy}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Basmala" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 12:55am EDT - Mon, Sep 23 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
M.R.M. Parrott