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Armed Forces Reserve Medal
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United States Department of Homeland Security>Department of Homeland SecurityHTTPS://MEDIA.DEFENSE.GOV/2017/MAR/29/2001723556/-1/-1/0/CIM_1650_25E.PDF >TITLE= DATAFORMAT=PDF, EO 10163]], September 25, 1950, as amendedAmended by s:Executive Order 10439EO 13013]], August 6, 1996. Additional details and descriptions at 32 CFR 578.43.|type=Service Medal|eligibility=Officers and enlisted personnel of the US Armed Forces reserve components|status=Active|first_award=|last_award=|total=|posthumous=|recipients=|individual=Sea Service Ribbon#Army Sea Duty Ribbon>Army Sea Duty RibbonDECORATIONS AND MEDALS > RIBBONS – ORDER OF PRECEDENCE>URL=HTTP://WWW.TIOH.HQDA.PENTAGON.MIL/AWARDS/ORDER_OF_PRECEDENCE.ASPXACCESSDATE=3 FEBRUARY 2013ARCHIVE-DATE=15 OCTOBER 2013DF=DMY-ALL, Navy: Navy Ceremonial Guard RibbonNAVY AWARDS PRECEDENCE CHART >URL=HTTP://WWW.PUBLIC.NAVY.MIL/BUPERS-NPC/SUPPORT/UNIFORMS/UNIFORMREGULATIONS/PAGES/NAVYAWARDSPRECEDENCECHART.ASPX ACCESSDATE=3 FEBRUARY 2013 ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20160409012144/HTTP://WWW.PUBLIC.NAVY.MIL/BUPERS-NPC/SUPPORT/UNIFORMS/UNIFORMREGULATIONS/PAGES/NAVYAWARDSPRECEDENCECHART.ASPX DF=, Air Force: Air Force Recruiter RibbonLIBRARY > AWARDS AND DECORATIONS >URL=HTTP://WWW.AFPC.AF.MIL/LIBRARY/AWARDS/INDEX.ASP ACCESSDATE=3 FEBRUARY 2013 ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20130213202807/HTTP://WWW.AFPC.AF.MIL/LIBRARY/AWARDS/INDEX.ASP DF=, Marine Corps: Marine Corps Combat Instructor RibbonHEADQUARTERS MARINE CORPS>TITLE=MARINE CORPS COMBAT INSTRUCTOR RIBBON ESTABLISHEDWEBSITE=WWW.MARINES.MILDATE=8 SEPTEMBER 2014, Coast Guard: Coast Guard Recruiting Service RibbonCOMDTINST M1650.25D MEDALS AND AWARDS MANUAL >URL=HTTP://WWW.USCG.MIL/DIRECTIVES/CIM/1000-1999/CIM_1650_25D.PDF DATE=MAY 2008 date=October 2016 fix-attempted=yes }}NCO Professional Development RibbonNavy & Coast Guard: Naval Reserve MedalAir Force: Non-Commissioned Officer Professional Development Ribbon>NCO PME Graduate RibbonMarine Corps: Marine Corps Reserve Ribbon5102. PRECEDENCE>URL=HTTP://WWW.MARCORSYSCOM.USMC.MIL/SITES/MCUB/LIBRARY/MCUR/URCH5.HTMPUBLISHER=UNITED STATES MARINE CORPSARCHIVE-URL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20130307232426/HTTP://WWW.MARCORSYSCOM.USMC.MIL/SITES/MCUB/LIBRARY/MCUR/URCH5.HTMDEAD-URL=YES, dmy-all, border|110px)|caption2=Armed Forces Reserve Medal service ribbon}}The Armed Forces Reserve Medal (AFRM) is a service medal of the United States Armed Forces that has existed since 1950. The medal recognizes service performed by members of the reserve components and is awarded to both officers and enlisted personnel. The medal is considered a successor award to the Naval Reserve Medal and the Marine Corps Reserve Ribbon, which were discontinued in 1958 and 1967, respectively.If the medal is awarded for periods of service, it is accompanied by an hourglass device. Depending on the length of service, a bronze, silver, gold, or bronze and gold hourglass are worn on the suspension ribbon and service ribbon, indicating 10, 20, 30, or 40 years of service, respectively.If the medal is awarded in connection with a mobilization, it is accompanied by an "M" device. Subsequent mobilizations under an unrelated presidential call-up order result in a numeral device being worn to indicate the number of mobilizations.

For service – the Hourglass device

In the Army Reserve and National Guard, a service member qualifies for the medal after completing a total of ten years' service in the active reserve. This service may be cumulative, provided that the combined ten years of service was performed over a period of twelve consecutive years. Voluntary recalls to active duty are not counted within the ten years of service. In addition, unlike the Reserve Good Conduct Medal, a service member’s disciplinary history is not a factor when awarding the Armed Forces Reserve Medal. In the Navy Reserve, members of the Individual Ready Reserve are eligible for the medal after 10 years of service.WEB, United States Navy Personnel Command,weblink 3 January 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120118095156weblink">weblink 18 January 2012, yes, dmy-all, Periods of service for the Armed Forces Reserve Medal are denoted through the use of the hourglass device. The length of the period for which the Armed Forces Reserve Medal is awarded is indicated using a bronze hourglass, silver hourglass, gold hourglass, or bronze and gold hourglasses together.Navy Personnel Command, U.S. Navy Uniform Regulations, Chapter 5, 5301–5319 Awards, last updated 27 July 2011, accessed 1 April 2012Permanent Marine Corps Uniform Board, Chapert 5, Awards {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20081226105349weblink |date=December 26, 2008 }}, last updated 29 October 2009, accessed 1 April 2012U.S. Army Regulation 600-8-22, Military Awards, dated 11 December 2006, revised 15 September 2011, last accessed 1 April 2012The Institute of Heraldry, Uniformed Services ~ Army > Service Ribbons Accoutrements {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120423065748weblink |date=2012-04-23 }}, accessed 1 April 2012U.S. Air Force Instruction 36-2803, The Air Force Awards and Decorations Program, published 15 June 2001, last accessed 3 May 2012Air Force Personnel Center, Armed Forces Reserve Medal {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120915155807weblink |date=2012-09-15 }}, posted 23 August 2010, last accessed 3 May 2012 The initial presentation of the Armed Forces Reserve Medal is authorized with the bronze hourglass device denoting ten years of reserve service. At twenty years of service, the hourglass is upgraded to silver and at thirty years the hourglass becomes gold. For those who complete forty years of reserve service, a gold and bronze hourglass device are worn simultaneously. This is the only case where hourglasses are worn together; in all other cases the hourglass device is upgraded to the next higher award degree and is worn as a single device.{| class="wikitable"! Hourglass Device !! Years of Service !! Example150px|Bronze Hourglass Device)150px|Silver Hourglass Device)150px|Gold Hourglass Device)| 40Prior to Executive Order 13013 issued on August 6, 1996, a bronze hourglass device was presented only upon the second and subsequent awards of the Armed Forces Reserve Medal, as in a bronze hourglass for twenty years of service, two bronze hourglasses for thirty, and three bronze hourglasses for forty. Executive Order 13013 provided awarding a bronze hour glass after 10 years' service, a silver hourglass after 20 years of service and a gold hourglass after 30 years of service. Personnel discharged or retired, prior to the change of the Hourglass Device award criteria, are not eligible for a correction of records or an upgrade of the Hourglass Device, as the Hourglass Device would have originally been presented under the original award specifications.150px">

For mobilization – the "M" device{|alignright150px

AFRM ribbon with bronze Hourglass Device with three awards of the Mobilization Device)The Armed Forces Reserve Medal is also awarded to any member of the Reserve or National Guard who is involuntarily mobilized for a contingency operation under Title 10 or Title 14, or volunteers for federal active duty during any such mobilization. In such cases, the medal with an "M" device, or mobilization device, are both awarded together without regard to the period or length of service.WEB, Manual of Military Decorations and Awards: DoD-Wide Performance and Valor Awards; Foreign Awards; Military Awards to Foreign Personnel and U.S. Public Health Service Officers; and Miscellaneous Information,weblink Department of Defense, 23 November 2010, 3 February 2013, The "M" device is a bronze "M" quarter of an inch in height.Subsequent mobilizations for a different executive order call-up authorize a numeral device ("2", "3", etc.), sometimes called an award numeral, to be worn with the initial "M" device on the service ribbon and suspension ribbon of the medal. However, in the Army, multiple deployments for different operations during a call-up for the same executive order only qualify for a single award of the "M" device.WEB, Manual of Military Decorations and Awards: DoD Service Awards – Campaign, Expeditionary, and Service Medals,weblink DoD Manual 1348.33, Vol. 2, Department of Defense, 23 November 2010, See paragraph 6i(2)(c) which establishes that multiple periods of service during one designated contingency under paragraph 6c(1)(a)3 counts as one "M" device award. For example, if a soldier mobilized multiple times under s:Executive Order 13223|Executive Order 13223]], once for Operation ENDURING FREEDOM and twice for Operation IRAQI FREEDOM, the soldier would still only be awarded one "M" device despite having been mobilized three times.WEB, United States Army Human Resources Command,weblink 3 January 2012, (See example given.)If no "M" device is authorized, the appropriate hourglass shall be positioned in the center of the ribbon. If no hourglass is authorized, the "M" device shall be positioned in the center of the ribbon, followed by Arabic numerals indicating the number of times the device has been awarded (e.g., 2 to 99—no number is worn for the first award). If both the hourglass and the "M" device are awarded, the hourglass(es) shall be positioned in first position on the ribbon (at the wearer's right), the "M" device in middle position, and the number of times the "M" device has been awarded in the remaining position (at the wearer's left).{| class="wikitable"! Contingency Operation Groupings !! LocationGulf War>DESERT SHIELD and DESERT STORMs:Executive Order 13013| Persian GulfUnified Task Force>RESTORE HOPE SomaliaOperation Uphold Democracy>UPHOLD DEMOCRACY HaitiImplementation Force>JOINT ENDEAVOR, Stabilisation Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina>| BosniaBombing of Iraq (1998)>DESERT FOX, Operation Northern Watch, and Operation Southern Watch>SOUTHERN WATCH Persian GulfNATO bombing of Yugoslavia>ALLIED FORCE KosovoOperation Noble Eagle>NOBLE EAGLE, Operation Enduring Freedom, Iraq War>IRAQI FREEDOM, Operation Inherent Resolve and (Iraq War#2010: U.S. drawdown and Operation New Dawn>NEW DAWN) (grouped together as the Global War on Terrorism) U.S., Afghanistan, and Iraq

References

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External links

{{US interservice decorations}}

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