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Archbishop of York

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Archbishop of York
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{{Redirect|Primate of England|Primate of All England|Archbishop of Canterbury}}{{Use British English|date=February 2015}}{{Use dmy dates|date=February 2015}}







factoids
}}{{Anglicanism}}The Archbishop of York is a senior bishop in the Church of England, second only to the Archbishop of Canterbury. The archbishop is the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of York and the metropolitan bishop of the Province of York, which covers the northern regions of England (north of the Trent) as well as the Isle of Man. The Archbishop of York is an ex officio member of the House of Lords and is styled Primate of England (the Archbishop of Canterbury is the "Primate of All England").The archbishop's throne (cathedra) is in York Minster in central York and the official residence is Bishopthorpe Palace in the village of Bishopthorpe outside York. The incumbent, from 5 October 2005, is John Sentamu who signs as +Sentamu (Eboracum|Ebor:) (since both John and Sentamu are his forenames).Six of the early bishops of York and one archbishop (William of York) were ultimately canonised by the Roman Catholic Church, and five more historically recent archbishops were later appointed as the more senior Archbishop of Canterbury.

History

Roman

{{see also|Early centers of Christianity#Roman Britain}}There was a bishop in Eboracum (Roman York) from very early times; during the Middle Ages, it was thought to have been one of the dioceses established by the legendary King Lucius. Bishops of York are known to have been present at the councils of Arles (Eborius) and Nicaea (unnamed). However, this early Christian community was later destroyed by the pagan Anglo-Saxons and there is no direct succession from these bishops to the post-Augustinian ones.

Saxon, Viking and Medieval times

The diocese was refounded by Paulinus (a member of Augustine's mission) in the 7th century. Notable among these early bishops is Wilfrid. These early bishops of York acted as diocesan rather than archdiocesan prelates until the time of Ecgbert of York,{{efn|Paulinus was appointed Archbishop of York by Pope Honorius I in 634, but the appointment was not effective since it occurred after Paulinus had fled from York and become Bishop of Rochester.Costambeys "Paulinus (St Paulinus) (d. 644)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography}} who received the pallium from Pope Gregory III in 735 and established metropolitan rights in the north. Until the Danish invasion the archbishops of Canterbury occasionally exercised authority, and it was not until the Norman Conquest that the archbishops of York asserted their complete independence.At the time of the Norman invasion York had jurisdiction over Worcester, Lichfield, and Lincoln, as well as the dioceses in the Northern Isles and Scotland. But the first three sees just mentioned were taken from York in 1072. In 1154 the suffragan sees of the Isle of Man and Orkney were transferred to the Norwegian archbishop of Nidaros (today's Trondheim), and in 1188 all the Scottish dioceses except Whithorn were released from subjection to York, so that only the dioceses of Whithorn, Durham, and Carlisle remained to the archbishops as suffragan sees. Of these, Durham was practically independent, for the palatine bishops of that see were little short of sovereigns in their own jurisdiction. Sodor and Man were returned to York during the 14th century, to compensate for the loss of Whithorn to the Scottish Church.Several of the archbishops of York held the ministerial office of Lord Chancellor of England and played some parts in affairs of state. As Peter Heylyn (1600–1662) wrote: "This see has yielded to the Church eight saints, to the Church of Rome three cardinals, to the realm of England twelve Lord Chancellors and two Lord Treasurers, and to the north of England two Lord Presidents." The bishopric's role was also complicated by continued conflict over primacy with the see of Canterbury.

English Reformation

At the time of the English Reformation, York possessed three suffragan sees, Durham, Carlisle and Sodor and Man, to which during the brief space of Queen Mary I's reign (1553–1558) may be added the Diocese of Chester, founded by Henry VIII, but subsequently recognised by the Pope.Until the mid 1530s (and from 1553-1558) the bishops and archbishops were in communion with the pope in Rome. This is no longer the case, as the Archbishop of York, together with the rest of the Church of England, is a member of the Anglican Communion.Walter de Grey purchased York Place as his London residence, which after the fall of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, was renamed the Palace of Whitehall.

Present

The Archbishop of York is the metropolitan bishop of the Province of York and is the junior of the two archbishops of the Church of England after the Archbishop of Canterbury.{{Harvnb|Fryde|Greenway|Porter|Roy|1986}}, Handbook of British Chronology, 3rd Edition, pp. 224, and 281–284. Since 5 October 2005, the incumbent is the Most Reverend John Sentamu who is also an ex officio member of the House of Lords.The Province of York includes 10 Anglican dioceses in Northern England: Blackburn, Carlisle, Chester, Durham, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Sheffield, Leeds, and York, as well as 2 other dioceses: Southwell and Nottingham in the Midlands and Sodor and Man covering the Isle of Man.

List of archbishops

Pre-Conquest{| class"wikitable" style"width:95%;" border"1" cellpadding"2"

! colspan="4" style="background-color: #7F1734; color: white;" | Bishops of York! style="background-color: #D4B1BB; width: 9%;" | From! style="background-color: #D4B1BB; width: 9%;" | Until! style="background-color: #D4B1BB; width: 30%;" | Incumbent! style="background-color: #D4B1BB; width: 47%;" | Notes valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 625 633Paulinus of York>PaulinusBishop of Rochester>Rochester; canonised.St. Paulinus, Archbishop of York. Retrieved on 20 November 2008. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 633 664 See vacant valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 664 669Chad of Mercia>ChadEpiscopal see>see of York; later became Bishop of Mercia and Lindsey; canonised. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 664 678| Wilfrid (I)Bishop of Selsey{{efn>name=footWilliam of Malmesbury and Florence of Worcester, also on some later Bishop of Chichester>Ecclesiastical lists, but he was still technically Bishop of York when in charge of Selsey Abbey. Therefore, as Sussex had been annexed by Wessex then Selsey probably would have been subject to the Diocese of the West Saxons, when Wilfrid was there.{{Harvnb2011}} The Bishops of Selsey and the Creation of a Diocese for Sussex. pp. 90-101.}}canonised. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 678 706Bosa of York>Bosa| Canonised. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 706 714| John of BeverleyTranslation (ecclesiastical)>Translated from Hexham; resigned the see; canonised in 1037. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 714 732Wilfrid II (bishop of York)>Wilfrid (II)| Resigned the see; canonised. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" c. 732 735Ecgbert (bishop)>Ecgbert| York elevated to Archbishopric in 735.! colspan="4" style="background-color: #7F1734; color: white;" | Pre-Conquest Archbishops of York! style="background-color: #D4B1BB; width: 9%;" | From! style="background-color: #D4B1BB; width: 9%;" | Until! style="background-color: #D4B1BB; width: 30%;" | Incumbent! style="background-color: #D4B1BB; width: 47%;" | Notes valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 735 766| Ecgbert| York elevated to Archbishopric in 735. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" c. 767 c. 780Æthelbert of York>Æthelbert| Also known as Æthelbeorht, Adalberht, Ælberht, Aelberht, Aldbert or Æthelbert. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" c. 780 796Eanbald (died 796)>Eanbald (I)| valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 796 c. 808Eanbald (floruit 798)>Eanbald (II)| valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" c. 808 c. 834Wulfsige of York>Wulfsige| valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 837 854Wigmund (archbishop of York)>Wigmund| valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 854 c. 896Wulfhere of York>Wulfhere| Fled the Danes in 872, returned in 873. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 900 c. 916Æthelbald of York>Æthelbald| Sometimes known as Æthelbeald, Athelbald, or Ethelbald. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" c. 916 931| Hrotheweard| Sometimes known as Lodeward. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 931 956Wulfstan (died 956)>Wulfstan (I)| valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" c. 958 971| OscytelTranslation (ecclesiastical)>Translated from Dorchester. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 971| Edwald| Also known as Edwaldus or Ethelwold. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 971 992Oswald of Worcester>OswaldBishop of Worcester>Worcester; canonised. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 995 1002Ealdwulf (archbishop of York)>EaldwulfBishop of Worcester>Worcester. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1002 1023Wulfstan (died 1023)>Wulfstan (II)Bishop of Worcester>Worcester (1002–1016). valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1023 1051| Ælfric PuttocBishop of Worcester>Worcester (1040–1041). valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1051 1060| Cynesige| Also known as Kynsige. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1061 1069Ealdred (bishop)>EaldredBishop of Worcester>Worcester 1046–1061, of Hereford 1056–1060, and of York 1061–1069. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" Footnote(s):{{efnHandbook of British Chronology listed Æthelric of York>Æthelric to have been archbishop of York from 1041 to 1042,{{HarvnbFrydeHandbook of British Chronology, 2nd Edition, p. 257. but in the third edition he is no longer listed to have been archbishop.}} and Source(s):{{Harvnb>FrydePorter1986}}, Handbook of British Chronology, 3rd Edition, p. 224.HTTP://WWW.CROCKFORD.ORG.UK/LISTING.ASP?ID=823 >TITLE=HISTORICAL SUCCESSIONS: YORK ACCESSDATE=8 AUGUST 2013, ">

Conquest to Reformation{| class"wikitable" style"width:95%;" border"1" cellpadding"2"

! colspan="4" style="background-color: #7F1734; color: white;" | Archbishops of York (Conquest to Reformation)! style="background-color: #D4B1BB; width: 9%;" | From! style="background-color: #D4B1BB; width: 9%;" | Until! style="background-color: #D4B1BB; width: 30%;" | Incumbent! style="background-color: #D4B1BB; width: 47%;" | Notes valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1070 1100| Thomas of Bayeux| Also known as Thomas (I). valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1100 1108Gerard (archbishop of York)>GerardTranslation (ecclesiastical)>Translated from Hereford. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1109 1114Thomas (12th century bishop)>Thomas (II)| valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1119 1140| Thurstan| He was elected in 1114, but was not consecrated until 1119. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1140| Waltheof of MelroseNominated Archbishop, but was quashed by Stephen, King of England>King Stephen; later became Abbot of Melrose. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 114060px) Henry de Sully| Abbot of Fécamp Abbey. Nominated Archbishop, but was quashed by Pope Innocent II. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1143 1147William of York>William (FitzHerbert)| Deposed by Pope Eugene III; canonised in 1226. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1147| Hilary of Chichester| Deposed by Pope Eugene III, elected Bishop of Chichester. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1147 1153| Henry Murdac| Formerly Abbot of Fountains Abbey. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1153 1154| William (FitzHerbert) (again)| Restored by Pope Anastasius IV; canonised in 1226. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1154 118160px) Roger de Pont L'ÉvêqueList of Archdeacons of Canterbury>Archdeacon of Canterbury. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1191 1212Geoffrey (archbishop of York)>Geoffrey (Plantagenet)Bishop of Lincoln>Bishop-elect of Lincoln; elected archbishop in 1189, but was only consecrated in 1191. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1215Simon Langton (archdeacon)>Simon LangtonElected Archbishop of York in June 1215, but was quashed on 20 August 1215 by Pope Innocent III on request from John, King of England>King John; later became Archdeacon of Canterbury. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1216 125560px)Walter de GrayBishop of Worcester>Worcester. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1256 1258| Sewal de Bovil| Formerly Dean of York. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1258 1265| Godfrey Ludham| Also known as Godfrey Kineton. Formerly Dean of York. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1265| William LangtonDean of York (1262–1279); elected archbishop in March 1265, but was quashed in November 1265.William de Langeton alias of Rotherfield {{Webarchive>url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110622111649weblink |date=22 June 2011 }}. Retrieved on 20 November 2008. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1265 126660px) Bonaventure| Selected as archbishop in November 1265, but never consecrated and resigned the appointment in October 1266. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1266 1279| Walter GiffardBishop of Bath and Wells>Bath and Wells. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1279 1285| William de Wickwane| valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1286 1296| John le Romeyn| Also known as John Romanus. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1298 1299| Henry of Newark| Formerly Dean of York. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1300 1304| Thomas of Corbridge| valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1306 1315| William Greenfield| Formerly Dean of Chichester valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1317 134060px)William Melton| valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1342 1352| William Zouche| Also known as William de la Zouche. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1353 1373| Cardinal John of ThoresbyBishop of Worcester>Worcester; created a Cardinal in 1361.John Cardinal Thoresby. The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved on 20 November 2008. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1374 1388| Alexander NevilleArchbishop of St Andrews>St Andrew's in 1388. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1388 139660px) Thomas ArundelBishop of Ely>Ely; afterwards translated to Canterbury. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1397 1398| Robert WaldbyBishop of Chichester>Chichester. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 139860px) Walter SkirlawBishop of Durham, elected but put aside by King Richard II of England>Richard II. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1398 1405| Richard le ScropeBishop of Lichfield>Lichfield. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1405 1406| Thomas Langley| Elected Archbishop in August 1405, but was quashed in May 1406. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1406 140760px) Robert HallamNominated Archbishop in May 1406 by Pope Innocent VII, but was vetoed by King Henry IV of England>Henry IV. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1407 1423| Henry BowetBishop of Bath and Wells>Bath and Wells. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1423 1424Philip Morgan (bishop)>Philip Morgan| Elected Archbishop in 1423, but was quashed in 1424. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1424 142560px) Richard FlemingConferred as Archbishop by Pope Martin V, but was refused by King Henry V of England>Henry V, and Fleming resigned the appointment in July 1425. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1426 145260px) Cardinal John KempBishop of London>London; created a Cardinal (Catholicism) in 1439;John Cardinal Kempe. The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved on 20 November 2008. translated to Archbishop of Canterbury>Canterbury. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1452 1464William Booth (bishop)>William BoothBishop of Lichfield>Lichfield. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1465 1476George Neville (bishop)>George NevilleBishop of Exeter>Exeter. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1476 1480| Lawrence BoothBishop of Durham>Durham. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1480 150060px) Thomas RotherhamBishop of Lincoln>Lincoln. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1501 1507Thomas Savage (bishop)>Thomas SavageBishop of London>London. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1508 151460px) Cardinal Christopher BainbridgeBishop of Durham>Durham; created a Cardinal in 1511.Christopher Cardinal Bainbridge. The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved on 20 November 2008. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1514 153060px) Cardinal Thomas WolseyBishop of Lincoln>Lincoln in 1514; created a Cardinal in 1515;Thomas Cardinal Wolsey. The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved on 20 November 2008. held with Bishop of Bath and Wells 1518–23, Bishop of Durham>Durham 1523–29 and Winchester 1529–30. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" Source(s):{{HarvnbGreenwayRoyHandbook of British Chronology, 3rd Edition, pp. 281–283.{{Harvnb>GreenwayFasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300, volume 6, pp. 1–7.{{Harvnb>Jones|1963}}, Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1300–1541, volume 6, pp. 3–5.">

Post-Reformation{| class"wikitable" style"width:95%;" border"1" cellpadding"2"

! colspan="4" style="background-color: #7F1734; color: white;" | Post-Reformation Archbishops of York! style="background-color: #D4B1BB; width: 9%;" | From! style="background-color: #D4B1BB; width: 9%;" | Until! style="background-color: #D4B1BB; width: 30%;" | Incumbent! style="background-color: #D4B1BB; width: 47%;" | Notes valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1531 154460px) Edward LeeTranslation (ecclesiastical)>Translated from St David's. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1545 155460px) Robert HolgateBishop of Llandaff>Llandaff. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1555 155960px) Nicholas HeathBishop of Worcester>Worcester. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1561 156860px) Thomas YoungBishop of St David's>St David's. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1570 157660px) Edmund GrindalBishop of London>London; afterwards translated to Canterbury. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1577 158860px) Edwin SandysBishop of London>London. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1589 159460px) John PiersBishop of Salisbury>Salisbury. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1595 160660px) Matthew HuttonBishop of Durham>Durham. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1606 162860px) Tobias MatthewBishop of Durham>Durham. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 162860px) George MontaigneBishop of Durham>Durham. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1629 163160px) Samuel HarsnettBishop of Norwich>Norwich. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1632 164060px) Richard NeileBishop of Winchester>Winchester. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1641 164660px) John WilliamsBishop of Lincoln>Lincoln. Deprived when the English episcopacy was abolished by Parliament. Died 1650. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1646 1660 The see was abolished during the Commonwealth of England and the The Protectorate>Protectorate.Episcopacy. British Civil Wars, Commonwealth and Protectorate 1638–60. Retrieved on 30 July 2013.KING >FIRST=PETER TITLE=THE EPISCOPATE DURING THE CIVIL WARS, 1642–1649 THE ENGLISH HISTORICAL REVIEW >VOLUME= 83 PAGES=523–537 JSTOR=564164, 10.1093/ehr/lxxxiii.cccxxviii.523, valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1660 166460px) Accepted FrewenBishop of Lichfield>Lichfield. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1664 168360px) Richard SterneBishop of Carlisle>Carlisle. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1683 168660px) John DolbenBishop of Rochester>Rochester. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1688 169160px) Thomas LamplughBishop of Exeter>Exeter. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1691 171460px) John Sharp| Formerly Dean of Canterbury. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1714 172460px) Sir William Dawes, Bt.Bishop of Chester>Chester. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1724 174360px) Lancelot BlackburneBishop of Exeter>Exeter. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1743 174760px) Thomas HerringBishop of Bangor>Bangor; afterwards translated to Canterbury. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1747 175760px) Matthew HuttonBishop of Bangor>Bangor; afterwards translated to Canterbury. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1757 176160px) John GilbertBishop of Salisbury>Salisbury. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1761 177660px) Robert Hay DrummondBishop of Salisbury>Salisbury. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1776 180760px) William MarkhamBishop of Chester>Chester. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1808 184760px) Edward Venables-VernonBishop of Carlisle>Carlisle. Surname changed from Venables-Vernon to Venables-Vernon-Harcourt in 1831. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1847 186060px) Thomas MusgraveBishop of Hereford>Hereford. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1860 186260px) Charles LongleyBishop of Durham>Durham; afterwards translated to Canterbury. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1862 189060px) William ThomsonBishop of Gloucester>Gloucester. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 189160px) William Connor MageeBishop of Peterborough>Peterborough. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1891 190860px) William MaclaganBishop of Lichfield>Lichfield. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1909 192860px) Cosmo Gordon LangBishop of Stepney>Stepney; afterwards translated to Canterbury. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1929 194260px) William TempleBishop of Manchester>Manchester; afterwards translated to Canterbury. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1942 1955| Cyril GarbettBishop of Winchester>Winchester. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1956 196160px) Michael RamseyBishop of Durham>Durham; afterwards translated to Canterbury. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1961 197460px) Donald CogganBishop of Bradford (diocese)>Bradford; afterwards translated to Canterbury. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1975 1983Stuart Blanch, Baron Blanch>Stuart BlanchBishop of Liverpool>Liverpool. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 1983 199560px) John HabgoodBishop of Durham>Durham. valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" 1995 200560px) David HopeBishop of London>London. valign="top" style="background-color: white;" 2005 incumbent60px) John SentamuThe Archbishop of York {{Webarchiveweblink >date=3 December 2008 }}. ''The official website of Dr John Sentamu, Archbishop of York. Retrieved on 21 November 2008.Bishop of Birmingham>Birmingham; retiring 7 June 2020.ARCHBISHOP OF YORK DR JOHN SENTAMU TO RETIRE >URL=HTTPS://WWW.BBC.CO.UK/NEWS/UK-ENGLAND-SOUTH-YORKSHIRE-45707419 ACCESSDATE=2 OCTOBER 2018, valign="top" style="background-color: #F7F0F2;" Source(s):{{HarvnbGreenwayRoyHandbook of British Chronology, 3rd Edition, pp. 283–284.{{Harvnb>Horn1979}}, Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541–1857, volume 4, pp. 1–5.

Footnotes

{{notelist}}

See also

References

Citations

{{Reflist}}

Sources

  • BOOK, Fryde, E. B., Greenway, D. E., Porter, S., Roy, I., Handbook of British Chronology, 3rd, reprinted 2003, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, 1986, 0-521-56350-X, harv,
  • BOOK, Greenway, D. E., 1999,weblink Archbishops of York, Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300, Volume 6: York, British History Online, harv,
  • BOOK, Jones, B, 1963,weblink Archbishops of York, Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1300–1541, Volume 6: Northern Province (York, Carlise and Durham), British History Online, harv,
  • BOOK, Foot, Sarah, Sarah Foot, Foster, Paul, Moriarty, Rachel, The Bishops of Selsey and the creation of a Diocese in Sussex, Chichester - The Palace and its Bishops, University of Chichester, Chichester, Otter memorial Paper, 27, 2011, 978-1-907852-03-9, harv,
  • BOOK, Horn, J. M., Smith, D. M., 1979,weblink Archbishops of York, Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541–1857, Volume 4: York Diocese, British History Online, harv,
  • BOOK, Powicke, F. Maurice, Maurice Powicke, Fryde, E. B., Handbook of British Chronology, 2nd, Offices of the Royal Historical Society, London, 1961, harv,

Further reading

  • JOURNAL, Joanna, Story, Bede, Willibrord and the Letters of Pope Honorius I on the Genesis of the Archbishopric of York, English Historical Review, cxxvii, 527, August 2012, 783–818, 10.1093/ehr/ces142,

External links

{{Commons category|Archbishops of York}} {{Anglican hierarchy in Great Britain and Ireland}}

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