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Arabian Plate

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Arabian Plate
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{{short description|A tectonic plate consisting mostly of the Arabian Peninsula, extending northward to the Levant}}







factoids
| move_direction = north| move_speed = 15–20 mm/year| geo_features = Arabian Peninsula, Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Persian Gulf, Indian Ocean}}The Arabian Plate is a tectonic plate in the northern and eastern hemispheres.It is one of three continental plates (the African, Arabian, and Indian Plates) that have been moving northward in recent geological history and colliding with the Eurasian Plate. This is resulting in a mingling of plate pieces and mountain ranges extending in the west from the Pyrenees, crossing Southern Europe to Iran, forming the Alborz and Zagros Mountains, to the Himalayas and ranges of Southeast Asia.WEB,weblink Tectonics of the Arabian Plate, The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth, Image Science and Analysis Laboratory, NASA-Johnson Space Center, NASA, 21 July 2007weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070706103125weblink">weblink> archivedate= 6 July 2007, dead,

Lexicology

The Arabian Plate is the most common designation of the region, although it is also sometimes referred to as the Arab Plate.Unal, Bunyamin, Mucahit Eren, and M. Gurhan Yalcin. "Investigation of leakage at Ataturk dam and hydroelectric power plant by means of hydrometric measurements." Engineering Geology 93.1 (2007): 45-63.

Borders

(File:Eurasian & Anatolian Plate.jpg|thumb|Eurasian, Anatolian and Arabian (purple coloring) plates)The Arabian Plate consists mostly of the Arabian Peninsula; it extends westward at the Sinai Peninsula and the Red Sea and northward to the Levant. The plate borders are:

History

The Arabian Plate was part of the African plate during much of the Phanerozoic Eon (Paleozoic–Cenozoic), until the Oligocene Epoch of the Cenozoic Era. Red Sea rifting began in the Eocene, but the separation of Africa and Arabia occurred approximately {{Mya|25}} in the Oligocene, and since then the Arabian Plate has been slowly moving toward the Eurasian Plate.WEB,weblink Arabian Plate - African/Arabian Tectonic Plates, Africa-arabia-plate.weebly.com, 2016-01-23, The opening of the Red Sea rift led to extensive volcanic activity. There are large volcanic fields called the Older Harrats, such as Harrat Khaybar and Harrat Rahat, cover large parts of the western Arabian Plate. Some activity still continues especially around Medina,WEB,weblink Volcanoes of Saudi Arabia, 2016-03-07, 2016-03-24, and there are regular eruptions within the Red Sea.WEB,weblink Birth of two volcanic islands in the southern Red Sea, Nature Communications 6, Article number: 7104, Wenbin Xu, 2015-05-26, etal, The collision between the Arabian Plate and Eurasia is pushing up the Zagros Mountains of Iran. Because the Arabian Plate and Eurasian Plate collide, many cities are in danger such as those in southeastern Turkey (which is on the Arabian Plate). These dangers include earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanoes.

Countries

Countries within the plate include parts of the Iraq, Levant (eastern Lebanon{{dubious|It is mainly W of the rift valley (here: Bekaa), so on the African plate. At least qualify!|date=May 2017}}, Syria, and Jordan), the entire Arabian Peninsula (Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Yemen), and Djibouti on the Horn of Africa. Regions include parts of the Southern Denkalya Subregion, the Southeastern Anatolia Region, Awdal and the Khuzestan Province.

References

{{reflist}}{{Tectonic plates}}

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