Antigonid dynasty

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Antigonid dynasty
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|stat_area1 =|stat_year2 =|stat_area2 =|stat_year3 =|stat_area3 =|stat_year4 =|stat_area4 =|image_map = |image_map_caption = |capital = Greek language>Greek|religion = Ancient Greek religion|leader1 = Antigonus I Monophthalmus|leader2 = Perseus of Macedon|year_leader1 = 306 BC – 301 BC|year_leader2 = 179 BC – 168 BC|title_leader = King}}The Antigonid dynasty ({{IPAc-en|æ|n|ˈ|t|ɪ|ɡ|oʊ-|n|ɪ|d}}; ) was a dynasty of Hellenistic kings descended from Alexander the Great's general Antigonus I Monophthalmus ("the One-eyed").


{{further|Argead dynasty}}{{see|History of Macedonia (ancient kingdom)|Government of Macedonia (ancient kingdom)}}Succeeding the Antipatrid dynasty in much of Macedonia, Antigonus ruled mostly over Asia Minor and northern Syria. His attempts to take control of the whole of Alexander's empire led to his defeat and death at the Battle of Ipsus in 301 BC. Antigonus's son Demetrius I Poliorcetes survived the battle, and managed to seize control of Macedon itself a few years later, but eventually lost his throne, dying as a prisoner of Seleucus I Nicator. After a period of confusion, Demetrius's son Antigonus II Gonatas was able to establish the family's control over the old Kingdom of Macedon, as well as over most of the Greek city-states, by 276 BC.BOOK, J. Spielvogel, Jackson, Western Civilization: Volume I: To 1715, Thomson Wadsworth, 2005, 89–90,weblink 0-534-64603-4,


It was one of four dynasties established by Alexander's successors, the others being the Seleucid dynasty, Ptolemaic dynasty and Attalid dynasty. The last scion of the dynasty, Perseus of Macedon, who reigned between 179-168 BC, proved unable to stop the advancing Roman legions and Macedon's defeat at the Battle of Pydna signaled the end of the dynasty.Encyclopædia Britannica, Antigonid dynasty, 2008, O.Ed. But Perseus’ failure to deploy his full resources brought about his defeat (168) at Pydna in Macedonia and signaled the end of the dynasty."


The ruling members of the Antigonid dynasty were:{| class="wikitable" border="1" cellpadding="5" align="center" | style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"|+Antigonid Rulers!width="123px"|King !! align="center" width="123px"|Reign (BC) !! width="123px" |Consort(s) !! |CommentsAntigonus I Monophthalmus (Western Asian Antigonid kingdom)>Stratonice (wife of Antigonus)>Stratonice One of Alexander the Great's top generals; a major participant in the so-called "funeral games" following that king's death. Demetrius I Poliorcetes (Macedon, Cicilia) >Deidamia I of Epirus>Deïdameia Lanassa (wife of Pyrrhus) ?Eurydice ?Unnamed Illyrian woman >Antigonus I Monophthalmus. Demetrius' wife Phila was a daughter of Antipater, and ancestor of all subsequent Antigonid kings of Macedon, except Antigonus III Doson, through her son Antigonus II Gonatas. Antigonus III Doson was descended from the marriage of Demetrius and Ptolemais, who was a daughter of Ptolemy I Soter and mother of Doson's father, Demetrius the Fair, the ephemeral King of Cyrene. Deïdameia was a daughter of Aeacides of Epirus and sister of Pyrrhus of Epirus>Pyrrhus, she had one son, Alexander, by Demetrius. Demetrius had a further two sons, Demetrius the Thin and Corrhagus, the former by an unnamed Illyrian woman, the latter by a woman named Eurydice. Demetrius I Poliorcetes was the first Antigonid king of Macedon.Antigonus II Gonatas (Macedon) >Phila (daughter of Seleucus)>Phila Son of Demetrius Poliorcetes and Phila, grandson of Antigonus I Monophthalmus. His wife, Phila (daughter of Seleucus), was the daughter of his sister, Stratonice of Syria>Stratonice. Only one known legitimate child, Demetrius II Aetolicus.Demetrius the Fair (Cyrene) >Berenice II >| Son of Demetrius I Poliorcetes and Ptolemaïs. Father of Antigonus III Doson and, apparently, Echecrates by Olympias.Demetrius II Aetolicus (Macedon) >Stratonice of Macedon Phthia of Epirus Nicaea of Corinth Chryseis >Antigonus II Gonatas>Antigonus II and Phila (daughter of Seleucus). Stratonice of Macedon was a daughter of Antiochus I Soter and Stratonice of Syria>Stratonice. Phthia of Epirus was a daughter of Alexander II of Epirus and Olympias II of Epirus. Nicaea of Corinth was the widow of Demetrius' cousin, Alexander of Corinth. Chryseis was a former captive of Demetrius.Eusebius, Chronicle 1.237-8; Syncellus Chronicle 535.19 Only known son, Philip by Chryseis, also had a daughter by Stratonice of Macedon, Apama III.Antigonus III Doson (Macedon) >| Son of Demetrius the Fair and Olympias of Larissa. Children unknown.80px) Philip V of Macedon (Macedon) >Polycratia of Argos >Perseus of Macedon, Apame IV>Apame, Demetrius (son of Philip V) and Philippus (son of Philip V)>Philippus.80px) Perseus of Macedon (Macedon) >(died 166 BC)}} Laodice V The last ruler of Macedon. Laodice V was a daughter of the Seleucid king, Seleucus IV Philopator. At least two sons, Philip and Alexander. The Greek rebel against Rome and last King of Macedonia, Andriscus, claimed to be the son of Perseus.

Family tree of Antigonids

{{familytree/start}}{{familytree| | | | | | | | | De2 |De2=Derdas III}}{{familytree| | | | | |,|-|-|-|+|-|-|-|.| }}{{familytree| | | | | Der | | Mac | | Phi |~| Ph2 |Der=Derdas IIIarchon of Elimiotis|Mac=Machatas of Elimeiasatrap of India|Phi=Phila of Elimeia|Ph2=Philip IIking of Macedonia359-336 BC}}{{familytree| | | | | | | | | |!| }}{{familytree| | | | | | | | | Phi |~| wif |~| Per |Phi=Philip|wif=wife|Per=Periandros of Pella}}{{familytree| |,|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|+|-|-|-|.| | | |!| }}{{familytree| Dem |~| Str |~| An1 | | Pto | | Mar |Dem=Demetrius|An1=Antigonus I Monophthalmusking of Macedonia306-301 BC|Pto=Ptolemy|Mar=Marsyas|Str=Stratonicedaughter of Corrhaeus}}{{familytree| | | | | | | | | |)|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|.| }}{{familytree| | | | | wf1 |~| De1 |~| wf2 | | Phi |De1=Demetrius I Poliorketesking of Macedon294-288 BC|wf1=1.Philadaughter of Antipater2.Eurydice of Athens3.Deidamia I of Epirusdaughter of Aeacides of Epirus|wf2=4.Lanassadaughter of Agathocles of Syracuse5.Ptolemaisdaughter of Ptolemy I of Egypt|Phi=Philipprince}}{{familytree| | | | | |,|-|-|-|+|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|.| }}{{familytree| | | | | Str | | An2 |~| Pha | | Det |~| wif |Str=(1) Stratonice of Syria∞ 1.Seleucus I Nicator2.Antiochus I Soter|An2=(1) Antigonus II Gonatasking of Macedon277-274, 272-239 BC|Pha=Philadaughter ofSeleucus I Nicator|Det=(5) Demetrius the Fairking of Cyrene250-249 BC|wif=1.Olympias of Larissa2.Berenice IIdaughter of Magasking of Cyrene}}{{familytree| | | | | |!| | | |!| | | | | | | |)|-|-|-|.| }}{{familytree| | | | | Str |~| De2 |~| Pht | | An3 | | Ech |De2=Demetrius II Aetolicusking of Macedonia239-229 BC|Str=(2) 1.Stratonice of Macedon|Pht=2.Nicaea of Corinth3.Phthiadaughter ofAlexander II of Epirus4.Chryseis|An3=Antigonus III Dosonking of Macedon229-221 BC|Ech=Echecrates}}{{familytree| | | | | |,|-|-|-|(| | | | | | | | | | | |!|}}{{familytree| Pr1 |~| Ap3 | | Ph5 |~| Pol | | | | | | Ant |Ap3=(1) Apama III|Pr1=Prusias I of Bithynia|Ph5=(4) Philip Vking of Macedon221-179 BC|Pol=Polycratia of Argos|Ant=Antigonos}}{{familytree| |!| | | |,|-|-|-|+|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| }}{{familytree| Pr2 |~| Ap4 | | Per |~| Lao | | Dem | | Phi |Ap4=Apame IV|Pr2=Prusias II of Bithyniaking of Bithynia|Per=(illeg.) Perseusking of Macedon179-168 BC|Lao=Laodice Vdaughter ofSeleucus IV Philopator|Dem=Demetriusprince|Phi=Philippusprince}}{{familytree| | | | | | | | | |!| }}{{familytree| | | | | | | | | Ale |Ale=Alexanderprince}}{{familytree/end}}">

Coin gallery{|align"center" class"toccolours"

Antigonid Dynasty Coins
|Antigone le Borgne (pièce).jpg|Coin of Antigonus I Monophthalmus ("the One-eyed") (382 BC - 301 BC).Démétrios Ier Poliorcète (pièce).jpg|Coin of Demetrius I of Macedon ("The Besieger"), (337 BC – 283 BC), son of Antigonus I MonophthalmusTetradrachm of Antigonus Doson.jpg|Coin of Antigonus II GonatasPhilip VI Andriskos.jpg|Coin of Philip VI Andriscus. Greek inscription reads ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ (King Philip).

See also



Further reading

{hide}Library resources box |by=no |onlinebooks=yes |others=yes |about=yes |label=Antigonid dynasty
|viaf= |lccn= |lcheading= |wikititle= {edih}
  • Adams, Winthrop Lindsay. 2010. "Alexander's Successors to 221 BC." In A Companion to Ancient Macedonia. Edited by Joseph Roisman and Ian Worthington, 208–224. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Anson, Edward M. 2014. Alexander's Heirs: The Age of the Successors. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Edson, Charles F. 1934. "The Antigonids, Heracles, and Beroia." Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 45:213–246.
  • O'Neil, James L. 2003. "The Ethnic Origins of the Friends of the Antigonid Kings of Macedon." The Classical Quarterly 53, no. 2: 510-22.weblink
{{Diadochi}}{{Hellenistic rulers}}

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