SUPPORT THE WORK

GetWiki

Anthemius of Tralles

ARTICLE SUBJECTS
aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE TYPES
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE ORIGINS
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
Anthemius of Tralles
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
Anthemius of Tralles (, Medieval Greek: {{IPA-el|anˈθemios o traliaˈnos|}}, Anthémios o Trallianós; {{c.|lk=no|474}} â€“ 533 {{abbr|x|sometime between}} 558){{sfnp|Boyer|1991|p=193}} was a Greek from Tralles who worked as a geometer and architect in Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire. With Isidore of Miletus, he designed the Hagia Sophia for Justinian I.{{anchor|History|Biography}}

Life

Anthemius was one of the five sons of Stephanus of Tralles, a physician. His brothers were Dioscorus, Alexander, Olympius, and Metrodorus. Dioscorus followed his father's profession in Tralles; Alexander did so in Rome and became one of the most celebrated medical men of his time; Olympius became a noted lawyer; and Metrodorus worked as a grammarian in Constantinople.{{sfn|Heath|1911|p=98}}Anthemius was said to have annoyed his neighbor Zeno in two ways: first, by engineering a miniature earthquake by sending steam through leather tubes he had fixed among the joists and flooring of Zeno's parlor while he was entertaining friends and, second, by simulating thunder and lightning and flashing intolerable light into Zeno's eyes from a slightly hollowed mirror.{{sfn|Heath|1911|p=98}} In addition to his familiarity with steam, some dubious authorities credited Anthemius with a knowledge of gunpowder or other explosive compound.{{sfn|Heath|1911|p=98}}

Mathematics

Anthemius was a capable mathematician. In the course of his treatise "On Burning Glasses", intended to facilitate the construction of surfaces to reflect light to a single point, he described the string construction of the ellipse{{sfnp|Boyer|1991|p=193}} and assumed a property of ellipses not found in Apollonius of Perga's Conics: the equality of the angles subtended at a focus by two tangents drawn from a point. His work also includes the first practical use of the directrix: having given the focus and a double ordinate, he used the focus and directrix to obtain any number of points on a parabola.{{sfn|Heath|1911|p=98}} This work was later known to Arab mathematicians such as Alhazen.Eutocius's commentary on Apollonius's Conics was dedicated to Anthemius.{{sfnp|Boyer|1991|p=193}}File:Hagia Sophia Mars 2013.jpg|thumb|120px|Exterior of the Hagia SophiaHagia Sophia

Architecture

As an architect, Anthemius is best known for his work designing the Hagia Sophia.{{sfn|Heath|1911|p=98}} He was commissioned with Isidore of Miletus by Justinian I shortly after the earlier church on the site burned down in 532 but died early on in the project. He is also said to have repaired the flood defenses at Darasweblink

See also

Notes

{{reflist}}

References

  • {{citation |last=Boyer |first=Carl Benjamin |author-link=Carl Benjamin Boyer |title=A History of Mathematics |edition=2nd |publisher=John Wiley & Sons |date=1991 |isbn=0-471-54397-7 }}.
Attribution:
  • {{EB1911 |mode=cs2 |last=Heath |first=Thomas Little |author-link=Thomas Little Heath |wstitle=Anthemius |volume=2 |page=93 }}

Further reading

  • EB9, cs2, Anthemius, 2, none, 103,
  • Editions of Anthemius's "On Burning-Glasses":


{{citation |last=Dupuy |first=L. |title=Περί παραδόξων μηχανημάτων [Perí Paradóxōn Mēkhanēmátōn; Concerning Wondrous Machines] |date=1777 }}. {{el icon}} {{citation |title=Histoire de l'Academie des Instrumentistes |volume=XLII }}. {{fr icon}} {{citation |last=Westermann |first=A. |title=Παραδοξογράφοι [Paradoxográphoi; Marvel-Writers] |date=1839 }}. {{el icon}}

External links

  • {{citation |contribution=Anthemius of Tralles |title=Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography |date=2008 |contribution-url=http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-2830900120.html }}.
  • {{MacTutor Biography|id=Anthemius}}
{{Ancient Greek mathematics}}{{Authority control}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Anthemius of Tralles" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 11:36am EDT - Tue, Jul 23 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
GETWIKI 09 JUL 2019
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
GETWIKI 09 MAY 2016
GETWIKI 18 OCT 2015
M.R.M. Parrott
Biographies
GETWIKI 20 AUG 2014
GETWIKI 19 AUG 2014
CONNECT