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{{More citations needed|date=October 2009}}{{short description|Province of China}}







factoids
0.1emProvince of China>Province| translit_lang1 = NameChinese}}zh|Ä€nhuÄ« ShÄ›ng}})Abbreviation}}WÇŽn}})| translit_lang1_type2 =  | translit_lang1_info2 = | translit_lang1_type3 = | translit_lang1_info3 = | translit_lang1_type4 = | translit_lang1_info4 = | translit_lang1_type5 = | translit_lang1_info5 = | translit_lang1_type6 = | translit_lang1_info6 = | translit_lang2 = | translit_lang2_type = | translit_lang2_info = | translit_lang2_type1 = | translit_lang2_info1 = | image_map = Anhui in China (+all claims hatched).svg| mapsize = 275px| map_alt = Map showing the location of Anhui Province| map_caption = Map showing the location of Anhui Province31N0type:adm1st_region:CN-34display=it}}zhAnqing {{transl>zhHuizhou, Anhui>Huizhou(and largest city)}}| seat = Hefei| seat1_type = | seat1 = | parts_type = Divisions| parts_style = paraPrefectures of China>prefecturesCounties of China>countiesTownships of China>townshipsParty chief of the Communist Party of China>Secretary| leader_name = Li Jinbin| leader_title1 = Governor| leader_name1 = Li GuoyingPUBLISHER=MINISTRY OF COMMERCE – PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA URL-STATUS=DEAD ARCHIVEDATE=5 AUGUST 2013, | area_total_km2 = 140200List of Chinese administrative divisions by area>22nd| elevation_max_m = 1873| elevation_max_point = | elevation_max_ft = | elevation_max_rank = | elevation_min_m = | elevation_min_point = | elevation_min_ft = | elevation_min_rank = PUBLISHER=NATIONAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS OF CHINA DATE=29 APRIL 2011 ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20130727021210/HTTP://WWW.STATS.GOV.CN/ENGLISH/NEWSANDCOMINGEVENTS/T20110429_402722516.HTM, 27 July 2013, | population_total = 62000000| population_as_of = 2017List of Chinese administrative divisions by population>8th| population_density_km2 = autoList of Chinese administrative divisions by population density>9th| demographics_type1 = Demographics| demographics1_footnotes = | demographics1_title1 = Ethnic compositionHan Chinese>Han – 99% Hui – 0.6%| demographics1_title2 = Languages and dialectsLower Yangtze Mandarin>Jianghuai Mandarin, Zhongyuan Mandarin, Gan Chinese, Wu Chinese>Wu, Huizhou| iso_code = CN-AHGross domestic product>GDP {{noboldSCRIPT-TITLE=ZH:安徽省2017年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 LANGUAGE=ZHACCESSDATE=2018-06-22, )}}Renminbi>CNY 2.75 trillion USD 407.58 billion (13th)| blank1_name_sec1 =  â€¢ per capitaRenminbi>CNY 44,206 USD 6,547 (24th)| blank2_name_sec1 =  â€¢ growth| blank2_info_sec1 = Human Development Index>HDI {{nobold|(2014)}}YEAR=2013UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME CHINA>LANGUAGE=ZHList of Chinese administrative divisions by Human Development Index>25th)| website = www.ah.gov.cn {{zh-hans}}| footnotes = | official_name = | image_skyline = Huangshan_pic_4.jpg| image_caption = Panoramic view of the Huangshan landscape}}







factoids
|tl=An-hui|p=Ä€nhuÄ«|gr=Anhuei|bpmf=ã„¢   ã„ã„¨ã„Ÿ|w=An1-hui1AUDan.ui|1}}|h=|gan=Ngon1-fi1}}Anhui ({{zh|c={{Audio|zh-Anhui.ogg|安徽|help=no}}|labels=no}}; formerly romanized as Anhwei) is a landlocked province in Eastern China. Its provincial capital and largest city is Hefei. The province is located across the basins of the Yangtze River and the Huai River, bordering Jiangsu to the east, Zhejiang to the southeast, Jiangxi to the south, Hubei to the southwest, Henan to the northwest, and Shandong for a short section in the north.With a population of 62 million, Anhui is the 8th most populous province in China. It is the 22nd largest Chinese province based on area, and the 12th most densely-populated region of all 34 Chinese provincial regions. Anhui's population is mostly composed of Han Chinese. Languages spoken within the province include Mandarin, Jianghuai Mandarin, and the Gan and Wu varieties of Chinese.The name "Anhui" derives from the names of two cities: Anqing and Huizhou (now Huangshan City).{{zh icon}} Origin of the Names of China's Provinces, People's Daily Online. The abbreviation for Anhui is "{{zh|t=çš–|p=wÇŽn}}" after the historical State of Wan, Mount Wan, and the Wan river.The administration of Anhui is composed of the provincial administrative system, led by the Governor, Provincial Congress, The People's Political Consultative Conference, and Provincial Higher people's Court. Anhui is known as a province with political tradition in China's government system. Aside from managing provincial government departments, the provincial government manages 16 cities, 62 counties, 43 county-level districts and 1,522 townships. By the end of 2016, the population registered in Anhui was 70.27 million.The total GDP of Anhui Province is listed as 12th of all 31 provincial regions in 2017.

History

File:三河古镇朝阳楼 - panoramio.jpg|thumb|left|250x250px|the old town of Sanhe, Feixi CountyFeixi County{{unreferenced section|date=January 2018}}Anhui Province was established in the sixth year of the reign of the Kangxi Emperor of the Qing dynasty; before that, there was no coherent concept of "Anhui". The province also has another name, "Wan", because, during the Spring and Autumn Period (722–481 B.C.), a small country named "Wan" was here and a mountain called "Wanshan" is in the province.Before Anhui was established, this land had a long history. Two million years ago, human beings inhabited this area, proven by some findings in Fanchang County. Archaeologists have identified the cultural domains of Yangshao and Longshan, dated to the Neolithic Age (between 4,000 and 10,000 years ago). In relation to these cultures, archeologists have discovered through excavation a 4500-year-old city called the Nanchengzi Ruins in Guzhen County, after they discovered a Neolithic city wall and a moat that was part of a much larger and integrated city in the region during their 2013 disinterment.There are many historic sites found in the province from the period of the Xia dynasty (2100 B.C.) to the Warring Kingdoms (475–221 B.C.). After the Qin dynasty unified China, this area belonged to different prefectures such as the Jiujiang, Zhang, Tang and Sishui Prefectures. Anhui became parts of Yang, Yu, and Xu prefectures during Han dynasties. In the period of the Three Kingdoms (222–280 A.D.), Anhui was separately dominated by the Wu State and Wei State. During the Jin dynasty, Northern and Southern dynasties and the Sui dynasty, Anhui was part of Yang, Xu and Yu prefectures, respectively. Later on, the Hui area flourished quickly and the economy and culture of Hui Prefecture created great influence during the Song Dynasty.During the Yuan dynasty, ruled by the Mongolian emperor, Anhui area was a part of Henan province. During the Ming dynasty, the area was directly managed by the administration of the Capital of Nanjing. Shortly after the Qing dynasty was established, this area and Jiangsu province were merged as one province until the sixth year (1666 or 1667) of the Kangxi Emperor's reign in the Qing dynasty.Later during the Qing dynasty, Anhui played an important role in the Self-Strengthening Movement led by Li Hongzhang, an important Prime Minister during the later Qing Dynasty. At this time, many western weapons, factories and modern government concepts were introduced into China. Over the next 50 years, Anhui became one of the most aggressive areas with liberal thought. Within this environment, many ideologists appeared in Anhui. Several of them impacted the future of China including, Hu Shih, a Chinese philosopher, essayist and diplomat, and Chen Duxiu, founder of the Chinese Communist Party and the first General Secretary of the CCP.In 1938, the north and central areas of the province were heavily damaged because Chiang Kai-shek, the then-President of the Republic of China, broke the dam of Yellow River, hoping this strategy could slow down the invasion by the Imperial Japanese Army. Within only ten days of the dam breaking, the water and sands drowned all of north and middle area of this province, 500,000 to 900,000 Chinese lives were lost, along with an unknown number of Japanese soldiers. The flood prevented the Japanese Army from taking Zhengzhou.With the establishment of People's Republic of China in 1949, the capital city of Anhui province moved to what was then a small town, Hefei. At the same time, the provincial government spent a lot of energy and money to develop this new capital city which has become China Top 25 city (of totally 660 cities all over China) in 2010s. After 1949, the government also launched many Water Projects to solve the hurt during World War II. In addition, many other areas of China supported Anhui's development. In the later 1990s, the province has become one of the fastest growing provinces in China. In 2010s, the province became a part of China Yangtze River Delta Economic Area which is the most developed area of China. And the capital city, Hefei, is set as the sub-central city of this Economic Area, only after Shanghai, Nanjing and Hangzhou.In terms of culture, Northern Anhui was firmly a part of the North China Plain together with modern-day Henan province, northern Jiangsu and southern Shandong provinces. Central Anhui was densely populated and constituted mostly of fertile land from the Huai River watershed. In contrast, the culture of Southern Anhui, bordered mostly along the Yangtze, was closer to Jiangxi and southern Jiangsu provinces. The hills of southeastern Anhui formed a unique and distinct cultural sphere of its own.

Geography

(File:亚新地学社1936年《袖珍中华全图》--08安徽省.jpg|thumb|Anhui in 1936)(File:Anhui Fuyang Yingquan White House.jpeg|thumb|250x250px|Government building in Fuyang City)(File:安徽省宏村風光.jpg|thumb|250x250px|Hong Village, South Anhui)Anhui is quite diverse topographically. The north of the province is part of the North China Plain while the north-central areas are part of the Huai River watershed. Both of these regions are very flat and densely populated. The land becomes more uneven further south, with the Dabie Mountains occupying much of southwestern Anhui and a series of hills and ranges cutting through southeastern Anhui. The Yangtze River finds its way through south Anhui in between these two mountainous regions. The highest peak in Anhui is Lotus Peak, part of Huangshan in southeastern Anhui. It has an altitude of 1873 m.Major rivers include the Huai River in the north and the Yangtze in the south. The largest lake is Lake Chaohu situated in the center of the province, with an area of about {{convert|800|km2|abbr=on}}. The southeastern part of the province near the Yangtze River has many lakes as well.As with topography, the province differs in climate from north to south. The north is more temperate and has more clearcut seasons. January temperatures average at around −1 to 2 Â°C north of the Huai River, and 0 to 3 Â°C south of the Huai River; in July temperatures average 27 Â°C or above. Plum rains occur in June and July and may cause flooding.Anhui has 16 cities. Economically, top 3 cities are, Hefei, Wuhu and Anqing. {||

Administrative divisions

Anhui is divided into sixteen prefecture-level divisions: all prefecture-level cities:{| class="wikitable" style="margin:1em auto 1em auto; width:90%; font-size:smaller; text-align:center"! colspan="9" |Administrative divisions of Anhui(File:Anhui prfc map.png|320px){{Color box|#7C9973|border=darkgray}} {{small|Prefecture-level city district areas}} {{Color box|#729996|border=darkgray}} {{small|County-level cities}}!! scope="col" rowspan="2" | No.!! scope="col" rowspan="2" | Division codeWEB, zh-hans,weblink zh:中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码, Ministry of Civil Affairs, !! scope="col" rowspan="2" | Division!! scope="col" rowspan="2" | Area in km2{{zh}}BOOK, zh-hans, Shenzhen Bureau of Statistics, China Statistics Print, zh:《深圳统计年鉴2014》, |url=http://www.sztj.gov.cn/nj2014/indexce.htm {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150512184740weblink |date=2015-05-12 }} |date=|accessdate=2015-05-29}}!! scope="col" rowspan="2" | Population 2010BOOK, Census Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, Population and Employment Statistics Division of the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China, 中国2010年人口普查分乡、镇、街道资料, 2012, China Statistics Print, Beijing, 978-7-5037-6660-2, 1, !! scope="col" rowspan="2" | Seat!! scope="col" colspan="3" | DivisionsBOOK, zh-hans, Ministry of Civil Affairs, zh:《中国民政统计年鉴2014》, August 2014, China Statistics Print, 978-7-5037-7130-9, !! scope="col" width="45" | Districts!! scope="col" width="45" | Counties!! scope="col" width="45" | CL citiesstyle="font-weight: bold"   ! 340000 !! Anhui ProvinceHefei city >| 8! 1 !! 340100 !! Hefei cityShushan District >| 1! 16 !! 340200 !! Wuhu cityJiujiang District > ! 3 !! 340300 !! Bengbu cityBengshan District > ! 10 !! 340400 !! Huainan cityTianjia'an District > ! 13 !! 340500 !! Ma'anshan cityYushan District > ! 9 !! 340600 !! Huaibei cityXiangshan District, Huaibei>Xiangshan District 3 1 bgcolor="grey"| ! 15 !! 340700 !! Tongling cityTongguan District > ! 2 !! 340800 !! Anqing cityYingjiang District >| 2! 11 !! 341000 !! Huangshan cityTunxi District > ! 7 !! 341100 !! Chuzhou cityLangya District >| 2! 8 !! 341200 !! Fuyang cityYingzhou District >| 1! 14 !! 341300 !! Suzhou cityYongqiao District > ! 12 !! 341500 !! Lu'an cityJin'an District, Lu'an>Jin'an District 3 4 bgcolor="grey"| ! 4 !! 341600 !! Bozhou cityQiaocheng District > ! 6 !! 341700 !! Chizhou cityGuichi District > ! 5 !! 341800 !! Xuancheng cityXuanzhou District >| 2{|class="wikitable sortable collapsible collapsed" style="text-font:90%; width:auto; text-align:center; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"! colspan="5" |Administrative divisions in Chinese and varieties of romanizations! English !! Chinese !! PinyinAnhui Province >| Ä€nhuÄ« ShÄ›ngHefei city >| Héféi ShìWuhu city >| Wúhú ShìBengbu city >| Bèngbù ShìHuainan city >| Huáinán ShìMa'anshan city >| MÇŽ'ānshān ShìHuaibei city >| HuáibÄ›i ShìTongling city >| Tónglíng ShìAnqing city >| Ä€nqìng ShìHuangshan City>Huangshan city Huángshān ShìChuzhou city >| Chúzhōu ShìFuyang city >| Fùyáng Shì Suzhou, Anhui>Suzhou city Sùzhōu ShìLu'an city >| Lù'ān ShìBozhou city >| Bózhōu ShìChizhou city >| Chízhōu ShìXuancheng city >| Xuānchéng ShìThe sixteen prefecture-level divisions of Anhui are subdivided into 105 county-level divisions (44 districts, 6 county-level cities, and 55 counties). Those are in turn divided into 1,845 township-level divisions (972 towns, 634 townships, nine ethnic townships, and 230 subdistricts).

Urban areas{|class"wikitable sortable collapsible" style"font-size:90%;"

! colspan="6" | Population by urban areas of prefecture & county cities!#!!City!!style ="background-color: #aaaaff;"|Urban area!!style ="background-color: #aaffaa;"|District area!!style ="background-color: #ffaaaa;"|City properBOOK, Compiled by [Department of Population Census of the State Council], [Department of Population and Social Science and Statistics, National Bureau of Statistics], 2012, zh:中国2010年人口普查分县资料, Beijing, China Statistics Print, 978-7-5037-6659-6, !!Census dateHefei{{efn>name=Chaohu}}3,098,7273,310,2687,457,0272010-11-01Huainan{{efn>name=Huainan|2010-11-01Wuhu{{efn>name=Chaohu}}1,108,0872,487,1112,263,1232010-11-01Huaibei>|2010-11-01Bengbu>|2010-11-01Fuyang>|2010-11-01Suzhou, Anhui>Suzhou742,6851,647,6425,352,9242010-11-01Lu'an{{efn>name=Lu'anYeji District>Yeji by splitting from parts of Huoqiu County. The new district not included in the urban area & district area count of the pre-expanded city.}}{{efn|2010-11-01 bgcolor="lightyellow" class="sortbottom"(new district)}}{{efnsee Lu'an}}2010-11-01Ma'anshan{{efn>name=Ma'anshanBowang District>Bowang by splitting from parts of Dangtu County. The new district not included in the urban area & district area count of the pre-expanded city.}}{{efn|2010-11-01 bgcolor="lightyellow" class="sortbottom"(new district)}}{{efnsee Ma'anshan}}2010-11-01Anqing{{efn>name=Tongling}}570,538780,5144,472,6672010-11-01Bozhou>|2010-11-01Tongling{{efn>name=Tongling|2010-11-01 bgcolor="lightyellow"Chaohu{{efn>name=ChaohuChaohu>Juchao & Lujiang County), Wuhu (Wuwei County>Wuwei), & Ma'anshan (He County & Hanshan County>Hanshan); Juchao District is currently known as Chaohu CLC. Chaohu PLC city proper count is reflected among the three PLCs.}}404,789780,711{{smallsee Hefei}}>|2010-11-01Chuzhou>|2010-11-01Tianchang>see Chuzhou}}2010-11-01Xuancheng>|2010-11-01Chizhou>|2010-11-01Huangshan City>Huangshan287,576460,7861,358,9802010-11-01Tongcheng, Anhui>Tongcheng269,346664,455{{smallsee Anqing}}>|2010-11-01Ningguo>see Xuancheng }}2010-11-01Jieshou>see Fuyang}}2010-11-01Mingguang>see Chuzhou}}2010-11-01 bgcolor="lightyellow"Qianshan, Anhui>Qianshan{{efnQianshan County is currently known as Qianshan CLC after census.}}165,779500,292{{smallsee Anqing}}>|2010-11-01{{notelist}}

Government

The Politics of Anhui Province is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.The Governor of Anhui () is the highest-ranking official in the People's Government of Anhui. However, in the province's dual party-government governing system, the Governor has less power than the Anhui Communist Party of China Provincial Committee Secretary (), colloquially termed the "Anhui Party Chief".Most provincial government departments and the Governor office are located at No.1 Zhongshan Road,moved from old downtown of Hefei since 2016.Provincial government is responsible to manage 16 prefecture-level cities, 105 counties, 1845 townships and different departments in Anhui. The National People's Congress (NPC) is just located near provincial government. The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (C.P.P.C.C.) is located at No.317,Suzhou Road. The Provincial Higher People's Court is located at no. 472 Changjiang Rd.Typically,annual provincial congress meeting is held in the first quarter of each year shortly before national congress meeting and the annual meeting of C.P.P.C.C. is held in the first quarter or the fourth quarter of each year.

Economy

(File:合肥机器人流水线.jpg|thumb|left|250x250px|Robotic Manufacturing line, in Hefei)Agriculture in Anhui varies according to the climate zones that the province crosses. To the north of the Huai River, wheat and sweet potatoes are grown, while to the south of the Huai River it is rice and wheat instead.Natural resources of Anhui include iron in Ma'anshan, coal in Huainan, and copper in Tongling. There are industries related to these natural resources (e.g. steel industry at Ma'anshan). One of the famous Anhui-based corporations is the automobile company Chery, which is based in Wuhu.(File:歙县协里风光(发呆农场) - panoramio.jpg|thumb|250x250px|Farmlands of South Anhui)Compared to its more prosperous neighbours to the east, Zhejiang and Jiangsu, Anhui has lagged markedly behind in economic development, with a GDP per capita around half of those two provinces in 2017 rapidly improved from 1/3 of those two provinces in 2010. However, the provincial GDP per capita is based on the population registered in the province (that is, with local Hukou), but not necessarily residing there. Therefore, the per-capita GDP of provinces with many residents working elsewhere is likely underestimated.{{citation needed|date=March 2018}}There is great regional disparity as well, and most of the wealth is concentrated in industrial regions close to the Yangtze River, such as Hefei, Wuhu, and Ma'anshan.Anhui's nominal GDP for 2016 was approximately 2.4 trillion yuan (US$365.8 billion) in the year of 2016. In 2017, the province GPD exceeds Beijing's GDP first time. It is considered as a mid-size economy in terms of economic output. The province has some high tech companies like iFlyTek which was listed as the smartest companies in the world in 2016. At iFlyTek's basis, China Speech Valley was found in 2010s which represents China top concentration of commercialized Artificial Intelligence. The province is China biggest clusters of household electrical appliances as well as many electronic products with the largest volume manufacturing centers of Haier, Hisense, Whirlpool, Gree, Royalstar, Meling. Hefei, as capital city of Anhui, probably is one of China largest intelligence manufacturing centers in the world.Additionally, the province has developed many other industries/companies within different fields, such as:
  • Healthcare industries: Anke Bio, Tonrol Pharm, Zhaoke Pharm
  • New energy & materials: JA Solar, SunGrow, Guofeng Plastic, 3M Materials, Unilever
  • Public security: Sun Create, KDlian, China Meyer
  • Automobile and construction machinery: JAV, Chery, Volkswagen Electronic, Continental AG, Heli Forklift
  • Construction: Conch Cement
  • Semiconductors & electronics: Hejing Electronic Co, BOE
  • Metal: Tongling Non-ferrous Metal, Maanshan Steel
  • Robotics: CSG, Keyiren
  • Agriculture and food: Fengle Seed, Huida Agro
77 Fortune 500 companies have operations in this province, including 3M, ABB, VW, Continental AG, and Unilever.

Major economic and technological development zones

(File:合肥经济技术开发区.jpg|thumb|250x250px|Hefei Economic and Technological Development Zone)

Hefei Economic and Technological Development Zone

Hefei Economic and Technological Development Zone is located in the southwest of Hefei. The zone is divided into two functional areas. The east part is allocated for manufacturing purpose and it also has two parks; the west part is where the business center, Hefei university town, and the international community center are located. It is established in 1993, and it is located close to Hefei Luogang International Airport.WEB,weblink Hefei Economic and Technological Development Zone, RightSite.asia, 2013-04-10,

Hefei Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone

Hefei Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone was founded in October 1990 and approved by the State Council as a state-level Development Zone in March 1991. In 1997, the Development Zone was ratified as an APEC Science and Technology Industrial Park, with special open policies to APEC and EU members. Hefei High Tech Park was also approved as a National High Tech Export Base in 2000 and obtained the award of an Advanced High Tech Zone under the Torch Program in 2003. So far, more than 100 hi-tech enterprises have entered the zone. Industries encouraged in the zone include Chemicals Production and Processing, Electronics Assembly & Manufacturing, Heavy Industry, Instruments & Industrial Equipment Production, Medical Equipment and Supplies, Research and Development, Telecommunications Equipment.WEB,weblink Hefei Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone, RightSite.asia, 2013-04-10,

Wuhu Economic and Technological Development Zone

Established in 1993, Wuhu Economic and Technological Development Zone is the first state-level development zone approved by central government in Anhui Province. As the hub in the west of the Yangtze Delta, it is an ideal place for business in Central China and East China such as manufacturing place or logistic center due to great transportation advantage. Wuhu port is the last fine deepwater port here going against the Yangtse River. It is the main foreign trade base and overseas transportation center. It takes 1 hour from Wuhu to Nanjing Lukou International Airport and to Hefei Luogang Airport.RightSite.asia | Wuhu Economic & Technological Development Zone

Wuhu Export Processing Zone

Wuhu Export Processing Zone was approved to be a national level export processing zone by State Council. Wuhu Export Processing Zone is located in the Wuhu EDZ, with a total planned area of {{convert|2.95|km2|abbr=on}} with the first-stage are being {{convert|1.1|km2|abbr=on}}. It is located close to Wuhu Airport and Wuhu Port. Industries encouraged in the zone include Electronics Assembly & Manufacturing, Heavy Industry, Instruments & Industrial Equipment Production, Shipping/Warehousing/Logistics, Trading and Distribution.WEB,weblink Wuhu Export Processing Zone, RightSite.asia, 2013-04-10,

Transportation

(File:201705 CRH380B-3606 at Hefei Station.jpg|thumb|250x250px|A high-speed train in Hefei railway station)(File:Hefei South Railway Station.jpg|thumb|250x250px|Hefei South Railway Station)(File:201705 Exit A of Hefei Railway Station Metro.jpg|thumb|250x250px|One of Metro Entrances in Hefei)Historically, Anhui's transport network was hampered by the lack of bridges across the Yangtze River, which divides the province into northern and southern regions. The first bridge across the Yangtze in Anhui, the Tongling Yangtze River Bridge, was completed in 1995. As of October 2014, Anhui had four bridges across the Yangtze, at Ma'anshan, Wuhu, Tongling, and Anqing.

Rail

Anhui was a place with a lack of a railway network. The situation has improved in the last 20 years. Most cities in this province are now connected by a high-speed train system. The newest one is Hefei South railway station where most high-speed trains pass through. The Chinese government set Hefei as the leading National railway hub in 2016. In addition, according to the Chinese central government, Anhui will set at least 5 sub-central railway hubs in the next 5 years.Since Hefei is the hub of China's high-speed train system, there are many important railway lines connecting the cities in this province, including:

Highway system

Several cities of Anhui have become the crossroads of China's highway system. The province has set an ambitious plan from 2015 to 2025. Some important highways include:G3 Beijing-Taipei ExpresswayG40 Shanghai-Xi'an ExpresswayG42 Shanghai-Chengdu ExpresswayS24 Changshu-Hefei ExpresswayAnd G4212, G5011,National Highway 206,National Highway 312,National Highway 346,S17 Bengbu-Hefei Expressway, G3W ExpresswayThis is an important reason why so many express companies set their hubs in Hefei.

Subway

Hefei and Wuhu already have complete subway systems, and there are 9 cities in Anhui with clear future plans for subway systems.Hefei Metro includes 2 completed lines, 3 lines under construction and another 10 lines planned. Wuhu Metro has 2 subway lines under construction and another 3 lines planned.

Aviation

The province has 5 major commercial airports and another 4 major airports are under construction. Hefei Xinqiao International Airport and Huangshan International Airport are the 2 international airports. The 5 airports in operation are: The 4 airports under construction are: Note: Hefei Xinqiao International Airport will undergo expansion from 2018 to 2025.

Demographics

{{Historical populations|title = Historical populationACCESSDATE=6 MARCH 2014, |16,229,000ACCESSDATE=6 MARCH 2014, |21,715,000ACCESSDATE=6 MARCH 2014, |23,354,000ACCESSDATE=6 MARCH 2014, |22,462,000PUBLISHER=NATIONAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS OF CHINA ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20090805174810/HTTP://WWW.STATS.GOV.CN/TJGB/RKPCGB/QGRKPCGB/T20020404_16767.HTM 30,343,637PUBLISHER=NATIONAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS OF CHINA ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20120914173158/HTTP://WWW.STATS.GOV.CN/TJGB/RKPCGB/QGRKPCGB/T20020404_16768.HTM 31,241,657PUBLISHER=NATIONAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS OF CHINA ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20120510075429/HTTP://WWW.STATS.GOV.CN/TJGB/RKPCGB/QGRKPCGB/T20020404_16769.HTM 49,665,724PUBLISHER=NATIONAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS OF CHINA ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20120619002216/HTTP://WWW.STATS.GOV.CN/TJGB/RKPCGB/QGRKPCGB/T20020404_16772.HTM 56,180,813PUBLISHER=NATIONAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS OF CHINA ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20120829052024/HTTP://WWW.STATS.GOV.CN/TJGB/RKPCGB/QGRKPCGB/T20020331_15435.HTM 58,999,948PUBLISHER=NATIONAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS OF CHINA ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20130727021210/HTTP://WWW.STATS.GOV.CN/ENGLISH/NEWSANDCOMINGEVENTS/T20110429_402722516.HTM 59,500,510}}Han Chinese make up the vast majority of the population. The Hui and She are the two largest minorities.Anhui has a highly unbalanced gender ratio. According to a 2009 study published in the British Medical Journal, in the 1–4 age group, there are 138 boys for every 100 girls, making it among the most unbalanced of provinces in China.WEB,weblink China's excess males, sex selective abortion, and one child policy: analysis of data from 2005 national intercensus survey, BMJ, 2013-04-10,

Culture

Anhui spans many geographical and cultural regions. The northern, flatter parts of the province, along the Huai River and further north, are most akin to neighboring provinces like Henan, Shandong and northern Jiangsu. In contrast, the southern, hilly parts of the province are more similar in culture and dialect to other southern, hilly provinces, like Zhejiang and Jiangxi.Mandarin dialects are spoken over the northern and central parts of the province, north of the Yangtze river. Dialects to the north (e.g. Bengbu dialect) are classified as Zhongyuan Mandarin, together with dialects in provinces such as Henan and Shandong; dialects in the central parts (e.g. Hefei dialect) are classified as Jianghuai Mandarin, together with dialects in the central parts of neighboring Jiangsu province. Non-Mandarin dialects are spoken to the south of the Yangzi: dialects of Wu are spoken in Xuancheng prefecture-level city, though these are rapidly being replaced by Jianghuai Mandarin; dialects of Gan are spoken in a few counties in the southwest bordering Jiangxi province;BOOK
,weblink
, China
,
, 2009
, Damian Harper, Chung Wah Chow, David Eimer, Thomas Huhti, Carolyn B. Heller, Robert Kelly, Lonely Planet
, 11, illustrated
,
, 978-1-74104-866-7
, 437
, 23 September 2011, and the Huizhou dialects are spoken in about ten counties in the far south, a small but highly diverse and unique group of Chinese dialects.
Huangmeixi, which originated in the environs of Anqing in southwestern Anhui, is a form of traditional Chinese opera popular across China. Huiju, a form of traditional opera originating in the Huizhou-speaking areas of southern Anhui, is one of the major precursors of Beijing Opera; in the 1950s, Huiju (which had disappeared) was revived. Luju is a type of traditional opera found across central Anhui, from east to west.Anhui cuisine is one of the eight great traditions of Chinese cuisine. Combining elements of cooking from northern Anhui, south-central Anhui, and the Huizhou-speaking areas of southern Anhui, Anhui cuisine is known for its use of wild game and herbs, both land and sea, and comparatively simple methods of preparation.Anhui has a high concentration of traditional products related to calligraphy: Xuanzhou (today Xuancheng) and Huizhou (today Huangshan City) are revered for producing Xuan Paper and Hui Ink, respectively, which are traditionally considered the best types of paper and ink for Chinese calligraphy. She County is famous for the She Inkstone, one of the most preferred types of inkstones (a required tool in traditional calligraphy). {{citation needed|date=November 2015}}

Education

{{See also|List of universities and colleges in Anhui}}(File:中国科大图书馆.JPG|thumb|University of Science and Technology of China)(File:Main Teaching Building of HFUT.jpg|thumb|250x250px|Main Campus of Hefei University of Technology)Anhui has some good universities. Most universities in Anhui are located in Hefei, Wuhu, Bengbu,Maanshan, some of them are pretty well known. Specifically, Hefei is one of the most important research central cities in China with leading basic scientific research capability.

Public universities

Military universities

  • National University of Defense Technology (NUDT) - Hefei Campus
  • PLA Artillery University
  • PLA Armoured Force University
  • PLA Vehicle University
  • PLA Air Force Flight Academy(13th)
  • Armed Police Command College(Hefei)

Religion

{{Pie chartXiuhua Wang (2015, p. 15) {{webarchive>url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150925123928weblink The data was collected by the Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) of 2009 and by the Chinese Spiritual Life Survey (CSLS) of 2007, reported and assembled by Xiuhua Wang (2015) in order to confront the proportion of people identifying with two similar social structures: â‘  Christian churches, and â‘¡ the traditional Chinese religion of the lineage (i. e. people believing and worshipping ancestral deities often organized into lineage "churches" and ancestral shrines). Data for other religions with a significant presence in China (deity cults, Buddhism, Taoism, folk religious sects, Islam, et. al.) was not reported by Wang. The number of Muslims is taken from a survey reported in the year 2010.}}|label1 = Islam|value1 = 0.58|color1 = Green|label2 = Chinese ancestral religion|value2 = 4.64|color2 = FireBrick|label3 = Christianity|value3 = 5.30|color3 = DodgerBlueThis may include: }}The predominant religions in Anhui are Chinese folk religions, Taoist traditions and Chinese Buddhism. According to surveys conducted in 2007 and 2009, 4.64% of the population believes and is involved in ancestor veneration, while 5.30% of the population identifies as Christian. According to a 2010 survey, Muslims constitute 0.58% of the population of Anhui .Min Junqing. The Present Situation and Characteristics of Contemporary Islam in China. JISMOR, 8. 2010 Islam by province, page 29. Data from: Yang Zongde, Study on Current Muslim Population in China, Jinan Muslim, 2, 2010.The reports didn't give figures for other types of religion; 89.48% of the population may be either irreligious or involved in worship of nature deities, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism and folk religious sects.{{multiple image| align = center| direction = horizontal| width = 150| image1 = Thousand Armed Avalokitesvara - Guanyin Nunnery - 3.jpeg| caption1 = Avalokitesvara of One Thousand Arms at the Guanyin Nunnery.| image2 = Langyasi.jpg| caption2 = Langya Buddhist Temple in Chuzhou.| image3 = The Qingyun Street Mosque in Fuyang ,China.jpg| caption3 = The Qingyun Street Mosque in Fuyang ,Anhui ,China| image4 = Buddhist temple courtyard in Qingyang, Chizhou, Anhui, China.jpg| caption4 = Courtyard of a Buddhist temple in Qingyang County, Chizhou.}}{{clear}}

Tourism

File:Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun-114145.jpg|thumb|Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and HongcunHongcunAnhui's principal tourism sites include the following:

Development

In 2008, France helped the Anhui Provincial Tourism Bureau develop a rural tourism demonstration project.Anhui Cooperates With France To Build Rural Tourism Area {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080908090913weblink |date=September 8, 2008 }}

See also

Notes

{{NoteFoot}}

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

{{Wikivoyage|Anhui}}{{Commons|Anhui|Anhui}} {{Geographic location|Centre = Anhui|North = Shandong|Northeast = Jiangsu|East =|Southeast = Zhejiang|South = Jiangxi|Southwest = Hubei|West =|Northwest = Henan}}{{Anhui topics}}{{Anhui}}{{Province-level divisions of the People's Republic of China}}{{Authority control}}

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