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Anatolius of Laodicea

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Anatolius of Laodicea
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{{Eastern Orthodox sidebar}}Anatolius of Laodicea (early 3rd century – July 3, 283"Lives of the Saints," Omer Englebert New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1994, p. 256), also known as Anatolius of Alexandria, was Bishop of Laodicea on the Mediterranean coast of Roman Syria, and was one of the foremost scholars of his day in the physical sciences as well as in Aristotelean philosophy. He was also a great computist. The seventeen centuries old enigma of his famous 19-year Paschal cycle has recently been completely resolved by the Irish scholars Daniel P. Mc Carthy and Aidan Breen"The Ante-Nicene Christian Pasch: De ratione paschali, the Paschal Tract of Anatolius, bishop of Laodicea" by Daniel P. Mc Carthy and Aidan Breen (2003) Dublin: Four Courts Press. He is considered a saint by the Eastern Orthodox and the Roman Catholic Churches

Life

Anatolius was born and raised in Alexandria, Egypt, during the early 3rd century. Prior to becoming one of the great lights of the Church, Anatolius enjoyed considerable prestige at Alexandria, and was credited with a rich knowledge of arithmetic, geometry, physics, rhetoric, dialectic, and astronomy."Lives of the Saints," p. 256 According to Eusebius of Caesarea, Anatolius was deemed worthy to maintain the school of the Aristotelian succession in Alexandria.Eusebius, Historia Ecclesiastica 7.32.6. The pagan philosopher Iamblichus studied among his disciples for a short time.Eunapius, Lives of the Philosophers and SophistsThere are fragments of ten books on arithmetic written by him, and also a treatise on time of the Paschal celebration.A story is told by Eusebius of the way in which Anatolius broke up a rebellion in a part of Alexandria known then as Bruchium. It was held by the forces of Zenobia, and being strictly beleaguered by the Romans was in a state of starvation. The saint, who was living in Bruchium at the time, made arrangements with the besiegers to receive all the women and children, as well as the old and infirm, continuing at the same time to let as many as wished profit by the means of escaping. It broke up the defence and the rebels surrendered. It was a patriotic action on the part of the saint, as well as one of great benevolence, in saving so many innocent victims from death.Eusebius, Historia Ecclesiastica 7.32.6-13In going to Laodicea he was seized by the people and made bishop. Whether his friend Eusebius had died, or whether they both occupied the see together, is a matter of much discussion. The question is treated at length in the Bollandists.St Anatolius' feast day, like that of his namesake Saint Anatolius of Constantinople, is celebrated on July 3.

Notes

{{Reflist}}

References

  • Acta Sanctorum, I, July
  • Michaud, Biog. Univ.
  • Sabine Baring-Gould, Lives of the Saints (London, 1872)
  • "Lives of the Saints," Omer Englebert, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1994, pp 532, {{ISBN|1-56619-516-0}} (casebound)
  • "The Ante-Nicene Christian Pasch: De ratione paschali, the Paschal Tract of Anatolius, bishop of Laodicea" by Daniel P. Mc Carthy and Aidan Breen (2003) Dublin: Four Courts Press
{{Catholic Encyclopedia |wstitle=St. Anatolius (1) |volume=1 |first=Thomas Joseph |last=Campbell}}

Further reading

  • ENCYCLOPEDIA


, Kieffer
, John
, Anatolius of Alexandria
, Dictionary of Scientific Biography
, 1
, 148–149
, Charles Scribner's Sons
, New York
, 1970
, 0-684-10114-9
,
  • ENCYCLOPEDIA


, Zuidhoek
, Jan
, The initial year of De ratione Paschali and the relevance of its paschal dates
, Studia Traditionis Theologiae
, 26
, 71–93
, Brepols Publishers
, Turnhout
, 2017
, 978-2-503-57709-8
,

External links

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