American Association of Law Libraries

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American Association of Law Libraries
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|remarks = |footnotes = |former name =}}The American Association of Law Libraries "is a nonprofit educational organization with over 5,000 members nationwide. AALL's mission is to promote and enhance the value of law libraries to the legal and public communities, to foster the profession of law librarianship, and to provide leadership in the field of legal information and information policy."WEB,weblink EFF, ACLU, American Association of Law Libraries, Public Citizen, ACLU of Oklahoma, Come to Aid of Deborah Foster, File Amicus Brief in Support,, 2006-08-13, 2014-02-07,

History and vision

AALL was founded in 1906.WEB, AALL chronology,weblink 9 November 2013, The American Association of Law Libraries' vision is to be "a thriving professional association whose members and libraries-whether physical or virtual legal information services-are recognized as critical to the success of their organizations and as central to society. AALL members possess the knowledge and skills to maintain effectiveness in a constantly changing legal environment. Since the ready availability of legal information is a necessary requirement for a just and democratic society, AALL and its members advocate and work toward fair and equitable access to authentic current and historic legal information, and educate and train library users to be knowledgeable and skilled legal information consumers."WEB, American Association of Law Libraries,weblink 10 October 2013, About Us, The first president of the AALL was Arthur James Small (1869-1937), who was elected at the association's formation on July 2, 1906. Small was a law librarian at the Iowa State Library, and it was his idea to create an organization separate from the American Library Association specifically for law librarianship.JOURNAL, Houdek, F. G., 2006, AALL history through the eyes of its presidents, Law Library Journal, 98, 2, EBSCOhost, Small never graduated high school or attended college, yet he successfully served the Iowa State Library for over forty years.JOURNAL, Houdek, F. G., 2006, Frequently asked questions about AALL's first hundred years,weblink Law Library Journal, 98, 1, Frederick C. Hicks (1875-1956) was another early president who greatly contributed to the AALL's vision. Hicks was a law librarian at both Yale and Columbia. In 1919, Hicks was first elected president of the AALL. He served two terms as president, 1919-1920 and 1920-1921. In 1923, Hicks authored Materials and Methods of Legal Research. Prior to the publication of this book, there were very few legal research texts keeping pace with the explosive growth in casebooks and legal literature.JOURNAL, Etheredge, S., 2006, Frederick C. Hicks: The dean of law librarians, Law Library Journal, 98, 2, EBSCOhost, Hicks was also a major proponent of expanding the scope of the AALL's Law Library Journal. Prior to Hicks's input, the Journal mostly served as a depository for AALL committee reports. Hicks believed an expanded Journal could cover multiple aspects of law librarianship, ranging from scholarly articles to industry news.JOURNAL, Butler, A. H., 2006, Frederick Hicks's strategic vision for law librarianship,weblink Law Library Journal, 98, 2, The first woman to be elected AALL president was Rosamond Parma (1884-1946). She served two terms from 1930 to 1932.WEB,weblink Rosamond Parma, 1884-1946, Parma was also the first law librarian for the University of California, serving as director of UC Berkeley's Boalt Hall library from 1911 to 1935.WEB,weblink California Library Hall of Fame: Rosamond Parma, She also managed the California Law Review.JOURNAL, 1947, Rosamond Parma, 1884-1946, California Law Review, 35, 1, 91, Harry Bitner (1916-2001), who served as president for 1963-1964, helped elevate the position of law librarian from an under-educated service position to today's highly skilled specialists. Bitner outlined his thoughts in a Law Library Journal essay titled "The Educational Background of the University's Law Librarian" where he advocated college, library school, and law school degrees for new law librarians.JOURNAL, Vinson, J., 2010, Fostering the profession of law: The lifetime achievements of Harry Bitner, Legal Reference Services Quarterly, 29, 2, 10.1080/02703191003751222, In 1953, Bitner, along with Miles O. Price, authored Effective Legal Research. This work updated and advanced many of the themes first presented in Hick's Materials and Methods of Legal Research. As president, Bitner was instrumental in establishing a permanent headquarters for the AALL.JOURNAL, Cohen, M. L., 2002, Harry Bitner: A memorial,weblink Law Library Journal, 94, 2,


The AALL and its members have a long history of proactively influencing policy initiatives in the legal information field. The 1970s were the beginning of the modern era of AALL advocacy. This decade saw the association helping to provide input and shape several important policy issues such as the 1975 Federal Trade Commission's Guides for the Law Book Industry, the Copyright Act of 1976, and the 1972 and 1978 amendments to Title 44 of the United States Code.JOURNAL, Baish, M. A., 2003, AALL's advocacy program gets better all the time. . . with a lot of help from its members, AALL Spectrum, 7, 7, In 2013, AALL's Government Relations Office staff, along with local chapters and AALL members, held the first Local Advocate Lobby Day.WEB,weblink Lobby Day 2013, This event consists of visits to House and Senate offices to raise the profile of information policy issues pertinent to the AALL.JOURNAL, Feltren, E., 2015, AALL Lobby Day Paves the Way for Successful Advocacy Relationships, AALL Spectrum, 19, 7, AALL took a strong position against the Federal Register Modernization Act (H.R. 4195; 113th Congress), a bill that would require the Federal Register to be published (e.g., by electronic means), rather than printed, and that documents in the Federal Register be made available for sale or distribution to the public in published form.WEB, H.R. 4195 - Summary,weblink United States Congress, 14 July 2014, AALL argued that the bill "undermines" citizens' "right to be informed" by making it more difficult for "citizens to find their government's regulations."WEB, The Federal Register and Code of Federal Regulations,weblink American Association of Law Libraries, 14 July 2014,weblink" title="">weblink 2014-07-15, yes, According to AALL, a survey they conducted "revealed that members of the public, librarians, researchers, students, attorneys, and small business owners continue to rely on the print" version of the Federal Register. AALL also argued that the lack of print versions of the Federal Register and CFR would mean the 15 percent of Americans who don't use the internet would lose their access to that material.Access to Legal Information. The American Association of Law Libraries has been supporting free access to Pacer information for decades. In February 2019 the AALL joined with 15 organization and signed a letter calling for passage of H.R. 6714 the Electronic Records Reform Act. In addition to requiring free access to the federal dockets and documents, the legislation directs the Administrative Office of the US Courts to consolidate the Case Management/Electronic Case Files system into a single systemweblink Additionally this year the AALL joined the American Civil Liberties Union and several other organizations on an amicus brief in response to National Veterans Legal Services Program et al v. United States of America supporting the idea that the First Amendment guarantees the public a right of access to judicial records through PACER. The case is currently before the United States Courts of Appeals for the Federal Circuitweblink


The primary publication produced by AALL is the quarterly Law Library Journal. In 1907, Frederick W. Schenk made the recommendation for both a quarterly journal and index.JOURNAL, 2008, A Law Library Journal centennial timeline: Highlights from one hundred years of LLJ history,weblink Law Library Journal, 100, 3, 541-554, The Law Library Journal has been the official publication of AALL since 1908 and contains scholarly articles on law, legal materials, legal research, and librarianship. The AALL also produces a monthly magazine, The AALL Spectrum.WEB,weblink American Association of Law Libraries Law Library Journal,, 2014-02-07, Furthermore, the AALL was the first publisher of the Index to Legal Periodicals, including it with the Law Library Journal beginning in 1908.WEB,weblink AALL Chronology, AALL, 2014-10-21, Printing of the Index to Legal Periodicals was passed to the H.W. Wilson Company in April 1912, and the company assumed business management duties of the Index in 1914.WEB,weblink AALL Chronology, AALL, 2014-10-21, The AALL publishes a monthly eNewsletter, as well as periodic eBriefings. Many current AALL publications, such as AALL Biennial Salary Survey, AALL Price Index for Legal Publications, and Guide to Fair Business Practices are focused on law librarianship advocacy.WEB,weblink Publications, AALL also produces the Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals, an index providing multilingual coverage of foreign, international, and comparative legal journals.WEB,weblink Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals, AALL, 2014-10-21,

See also



External links

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