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AllMusic
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{{short description|Online music database}}{{about|the online database|the album by Warne Marsh|All Music (album)}}







factoids
}}allmusic.com}}| commercial = YesList of online music databases>Online database for music albums, artists and songs; reviews and biographies| registration = Optional| language = English| programming language = RhythmOne {{nowrap> {{smallWEBSITE=INVESTOR.RHYTHMONE.COMARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20171103022705/HTTPS://INVESTOR.RHYTHMONE.COM/NEWSROOM/2015/04/16/BLINKX-ACQUIRES-ALL-MEDIA-NETWORK-LLCDATE=16 APRIL 2015, live, | author = Michael Erlewine20188 PUBLISHER= ALEXA INTERNET, March 24, 2017, | current status = Online}}AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide and AMG) is an online music database. It catalogs more than 3 million album entries and 30 million tracks, as well as information on musical artists and bands. It launched in 1991, predating the World Wide Web.NEWS, Smith, Ernie, The Story of AllMusic, the Internet’s Largest, Most Influential Music Database,weblink 20 July 2017, September 16, 2016, As of 2015, AllMusic is owned by RhythmOne.

History

AllMusic was launched as All Music Guide by Michael Erlewine, a "compulsive archivist, noted astrologer, Buddhist scholar and musician". He became interested in using computers for his astrological work in the mid-'70s and founded a software company, Matrix, in 1977. In the early '90s, as CDs replaced vinyl as the dominant format for recorded music, Erlewine purchased what he thought was a CD of early recordings by Little Richard. After buying it he discovered it was a "flaccid latter-day rehash". Frustrated with the labeling, he researched using meta data to create a music guide.BOOK, Herbert, Daniel, Videoland: Movie Culture at the American Video Store, January 24, 2014, University of California Press, Los Angeles, CA, 978-0520279636, 209,weblink 20 July 2017, In 1990, in Big Rapids, Michigan, he founded All Music Guide with a goal to create an open access database that included every recording "since Enrico Caruso gave the industry its first big boost".The first All Music Guide was a 1,200-page reference book, packaged with a CD-ROM, titled All Music Guide: The Best CDs, Albums & Tapes: The Expert's Guide to the Best Releases from Thousands of Artists in All Types of Music.BOOK, Formats and Editions of All Music Gude, World Cat, 31186749, Its first digital iteration, in 1991, was a text-based Gopher site.NEWS, Nosowitz, Dan, The Story of AllMusic, Which Predates the World Wide Web,weblink 22 June 2017, Vice, January 30, 2015, It moved to the World Wide Web as web browsers became more user-friendly.
Erlewine hired a database engineer, Vladimir Bogdanov, to design the All Music Guide framework, and recruited his nephew, writer Stephen Thomas Erlewine, to develop editorial content. In 1993, Chris Woodstra joined the staff as an engineer. A "record geek" who had written for alternative weeklies and fanzines, his main qualification was an "encyclopedic knowledge of music". 1,400 subgenres of music were created, a feature which became central to the site's utility. In a 2016 article in Tedium, Ernie Smith wrote: "AllMusic may have been one of most ambitious sites of the early-internet era—and it’s one that is fundamental to our understanding of pop culture. Because, the thing is, it doesn’t just track reviews or albums. It tracks styles, genres, and subgenres, along with the tone of the music and the platforms on which the music is sold. It then connects that data together, in a way that can intelligently tell you about an entire type of music, whether a massive genre like classical, or a tiny one like sadcore."WEB, Smith, Ernie, The Big Data Jukebox,weblink tedium.com, Tedium, 26 July 2017, September 20, 2016, In 1996, seeking to further develop its web-based businesses, Alliance Entertainment Corp. bought All Music from Erlewine for a reported $3.5 million. He left the company after its sale. Alliance filed for bankruptcy in 1999, and its assets were acquired by Ron Burkle's Yucaipa Equity Fund.In 1999, All Music relocated from Big Rapids to Ann Arbor, where the staff expanded from 12 to 100 people. By February of that year, 350,000 albums and 2 million tracks had been cataloged. All Music had published biographies of 30,000 artists, 120,000 record reviews and 300 essays written by "a hybrid of historians, critics and passionate collectors".NEWS, Weisbard, Eric, Conjunction Junction,weblink 22 July 2017, Village Voice, February 23, 1999, NEWS, Powers, Ann, Digital Underground Who Will Make Sure The Internet's Vast Musical Archive Doesn't Disappear?,weblink 20 July 2017, NPR, June 3, 2015, In late 2007, AllMusic was purchased for $72 million by TiVo Corporation (known as Macrovision at the time of the sale, and as Rovi from 2009 until 2016).WEB, Focus Article: Rovi Corporation,weblink insidearbitrage.com, Inside Arbitrage, 28 September 2017, In 2012, AllMusic removed all of Bryan Adams' info from the site as per a request from the artistWEB, FAQ,weblink AllMusic, 17 September 2019, en-us, .In 2015, AllMusic was purchased by BlinkX (later known as RhythmOne).NEWS, Blinkx Acquires Website Owner All Media Network For Undisclosed Amount, London South East, April 16, 2015,weblink WEB,weblink BLINKX ACQUIRES ALL MEDIA NETWORK, LLC - Newsroom - RhythmOne, investor.rhythmone.com, 2019-01-15, The AllMusic database is powered by a combination of MySQL and MongoDB.

The All Music Guide series

The All Media Network also produced the AllMusic guide series, which includes the AllMusic Guide to Rock,WEB, Toon, Jason,weblink Rock Stock: A book report on the best tomes to consult before buying tunes, Riverfront Times, July 21, 1999, March 8, 2015, the All Music Guide to Jazz and the All Music Guide to the Blues. Vladimir Bogdanov is the president of the series.WEB,weblink AllMusic.com Folding Into AllRovi.com for One-Stop Entertainment Shop, Bruno, Anthony, February 28, 2011, Billboard (magazine), Billboard, June 15, 2013, NEWS,weblink Make it or Break it, Bowe, Brian J., January 24, 2007, Metro Times, February 27, 2014,

Reception

In August 2007, PC Magazine included AllMusic in its "Top 100 Classic Websites" list.WEB,weblink Top 100 Classic Websites – AllMusic – Slideshow from pcmag.com, August 13, 2007, Heater, Brian, PC Magazine, PCmag.com, September 24, 2013, MAGAZINE,weblink All Music, Wolf, Gary, February 1994, Wired (magazine), Wired, February 27, 2014,

See also

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

  • {{Official website}}


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