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Alcantara (river)

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Alcantara (river)
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factoids
| mouth_location = Ionian Sea: Capo Schiso (Commune of Giardini-Naxos, Province of Messina). | subdivision_type1 = Country| subdivision_name1 = Italy 52mi|abbr=on}} 2.41cuft/s|abbr=on}} 573mi2|abbr=on}}| map = Alcantara-map-bjs.jpg | map_size = | map_alt = | map_caption = Location of the Alcantara in Sicily}}The Alcantara () is a river in Sicily, southern Italy. It has its source on the south side of Monti Nebrodi and its mouth in the Ionian Sea at Capo Schiso in Giardini-Naxos. The river is {{convert|52|km|mi}} long.The name Alcantara is of Arabic origin () and refers to a bridge from Roman times found by the Arabs. Thucydides called it Akesines Potamos ( - Akesínes) while its Latin names were Assinus, Assinos, Asines,PLINY, 3.8, Asinius,VIBIUS, p.4, Onobala, Onobalas,APPIAN BC, 5.109, and Acesines.DGRG, Acesines, Cantera was another hydronym for it, adopted by Normans. The river is mentioned by Thucydides on occasion of the attack made on Naxos by the Messenians in 425 BCE.THUCYDIDES, 4.25,

Course

The Alcantara has its source at an elevation of {{convert|1250|m|ft}} in the municipality of Floresta. On its way to the sea, past the north of Mount Etna, it flows through the municipalities of Randazzo, Mojo Alcantara, Francavilla di Sicilia, Motta Camastra, Castiglione di Sicilia, Graniti, Gaggi, Calatabiano, Taormina and Giardini-Naxos.Several thousand years ago, the river bed was blocked by a lava flow from Mount Etna. As the lava was cooled much more quickly by the water than it would have done otherwise, it crystallised in the form of columns. Over the next millennia, the river naturally eroded a channel through these columns, resulting an impressive gorges and ravines, such as the Gole dell'Alcantara (Alcantara Gorges) next to Francavilla di Sicilia, where Peloritani mountains end.

Park

(File:Gole dell'Alcantara-pjt1.jpg|thumb|Alcantara-Schlucht|Gole dell'Alcantara (Alcantara Gorges))The Alcantara River Park ((:it:Parco fluviale dell'Alcantara|Parco fluviale dell'Alcantara)) was established in 2001 for the protection of the river, and to encourage its use as a relaxation area and tourist destination. The columns and surroundings can be seen in the film Tale of Tales.

Tributaries

  • Flascio
  • San Paolo
  • Favoscuro
  • Fondachello
  • Roccella
  • Petrolo

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

{{coord|37|49|N|15|16|E|display=title|region:IT_type:river_source:GNS-enwiki}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Alcantara (river)" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 1:45pm EST - Fri, Nov 22 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
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