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Aeolis
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{{For|the region of planet Mars|Aeolis quadrangle}}{{Distinguish|Aeolus}}{| class="toccolours" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" style="float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 250px; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%;"
Ancient Region of AnatoliaAeolis ()
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File:Asia Minor in the Greco-Roman period - general map - regions and main settlements.jpg|thumb|300px|Map of Asia Minor/AnatoliaAnatolia
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Aeolis (Ancient Greek: , Aiolís), or Aeolia ({{IPAc-en|iː|ˈ|oʊ|l|i|ə}}; , Aiolía), was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia, and is bounded by it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.

Geography

Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from

History

missing image!
- Western Asia Minor Greek Colonization.svg">250px|right|thumb|Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.According to Homer's Odyssey, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the floating island of Aeolia, where Aeolus son of Hippotas provided him with the west wind Zephyrweblink - "Thence we went on to the Aeolian island where lives Aeolus son of Hippotas, dear to the immortal gods. It is an island that floats (as it were) upon the sea, iron bound with a wall that girds it."File:Aeolis Kyme Tetradrachm.jpg -
By the 8th century BC the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent. They formed a league of twelve cities (a Dodecapolis): Cyme (also called Phriconis); Larissa; Neonteichos; Temnus; Cilla; Notion; Aegiroessa; Pitane; Aegae; Myrina; Gryneion; and Smyrna.Herodotus. The Histories: 1.149. Compare Ionian League.The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. {{citation needed|date=April 2017}} This league or confederation, known as the Ionian League, also called the Panionic League, was formed at the end of the Meliac War in the mid-7th century BC.JOURNAL, Editors, Recent Finds in Archaeology: Panionion Sanctuary Discovered in Southwest Turkey, Athena Review, 4, 2, 10–11, 2005,weblink 2018-05-30,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120323210115weblink">weblink 2012-03-23, yes, Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC), conquered the remaining cities. Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes.Each of the cities minted coins of its own, using different gods, animals and objects as identifying city badges. See asiaminorcoins.com - ancient coins of AeolisAttalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to the Roman Republic in 133 BC. Shortly afterwards it became part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained largely under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century,{{citation needed|date=April 2017}} when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.Smyrna fell to the Seljuk Turk Tzachas in 1076, to the Turkish Beylik of Aydın about 1330 and to the Turco-Mongol Timur in 1402 (after the Siege of Smyrna).

Notable people

See also

Notes

{{reflist|colwidth=30em}}

References

  • Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006
{{Historical regions of Anatolia}}{{Ancient Greece topics}}{{coord|39.2|26.7|dim:200km|display=title}}

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