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Acropolis

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Acropolis
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{{short description|Defensive settlement built on high ground}}{{about||the most famous example of an acropolis|Acropolis of Athens|the Greek newspaper|Akropolis (newspaper)|other uses|}}{{Refimprove|article|date=March 2008}}File:AthensAcropolisDawnAdj06028.jpg|thumb|right|upright=1.5|The Acropolis of AthensAcropolis of AthensAn acropolis (Ancient Greek: ἀκρόπολις, akropolis; from akros (άκρος) or akron (άκρον), "highest, topmost, outermost" and polis (πόλις), "city"; plural in English: acropoles, acropoleis or acropolises){{OEtymD|acropolis}}{{LSJ|a)kro/polis|acropolis}}, {{LSJ|a)/kros|akros}}, {{LSJ|a)/kron|akron|ref}}. was in ancient Greece a settlement, especially a citadel, built upon an area of elevated ground—frequently a hill with precipitous sides, chosen for purposes of defense.WEB,weblink acropolis - Definition of acropolis in English by Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford Dictionaries - English, Acropoleis became the nuclei of large cities of classical antiquity, such as ancient Athens, and for this reason they are sometimes prominent landmarks in modern cities with ancient pasts, such as modern Athens.

Use in antiquity

File:Via Tecta acropolis Pergamum 487 detail.jpg|thumb|right|upright=1.2|View of the Acropolis of Pergamon in the background, as seen from Via Tecta at the entrance to the AsclepeionAsclepeionFile:AssosBurgberg.jpg|thumb|upright=1.2|Acropolis of AssosAssosThe word acropolis literally means in Greek "upper city," and though associated primarily with the Greek cities Athens, Argos (with Larissa), Thebes (with Cadmea), and Corinth (with its Acrocorinth), may be applied generically to all such citadels, including Rome, Jerusalem, Celtic Bratislava, many in Asia Minor, or even Castle Rock in Edinburgh. An example in Ireland is the Rock of Cashel. Acropolis is also the term used by archaeologists and historians for the urban Castro culture settlements located in Northwestern Iberian hilltops.The most famous example is the Acropolis of Athens,WEB,weblink Acropolis, Athens, UNESCO World Heritage, Centre, UNESCO World Heritage Centre, which, by reason of its historical associations and the several famous buildings erected upon it (most notably the Parthenon), is known without qualification as the Acropolis. Although originating in the mainland of Greece, use of the acropolis model quickly spread to Greek colonies such as the Dorian Lato on Crete during the Archaic Period.

Metaphorical use in modern times

Because of its classical Hellenistic style, the ruins of Mission San Juan Capistrano's Great Stone Church in California, United States has been called the "American Acropolis".BOOK, Davis, Erik, The visionary state : a journey through California's spiritual landscape, 2006, Chronicle Books, San Francisco, 0811848353, 20, Other parts of the world developed other names for the high citadel or alcázar, which often reinforced a naturally strong site. In Central Italy, many small rural communes still cluster at the base of a fortified habitation known as La Rocca of the commune.The term acropolis is also used to describe the central complex of overlapping structures, such as plazas and pyramids, in many Maya cities, including Tikal and Copán.

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

{{Ancient Greece topics}}{{Authority control}}

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