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Aceria anthocoptes

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Aceria anthocoptes
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{{Italic title}}{{Taxobox| name = Aceria anthocoptes| image = Rust Mite, Aceria anthocoptes.jpg| image_caption = Aceria anthocoptes magnified 1,400×| regnum = Animalia| phylum = Arthropoda| classis = Arachnida| subclassis = Acari| ordo = Prostigmata| familia = Eriophyidae| genus = Aceria| species = A. anthocoptes| binomial = Aceria anthocoptes
Alfred Nalepa>Nalepa, 1892)}}Aceria anthocoptes also known as the russet mite,JOURNAL, Biljana D. Magud, Ljubiša Ž. Stanisavljević, Radmila U. Petanović, 2007, Morphological variation in different populations of Aceria anthocoptes (Acari: Eriophyoidea) associated with the Canada thistle, Cirsium arvense, in Serbia, Experimental and Applied Acarology, 42, 3, 173–183, 10.1007/s10493-007-9085-y, 17611806, rust mite,WEB,weblink The rust mite (Aceria anthocoptes), January 26, 2011, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110527082235weblink">weblink May 27, 2011, thistle mite, or the Canada thistle miteWEB,weblink Biology of the Canada thistle mite, Aceria anthocoptes (Acari: Eriophyidae), in Northern Colorado, Richard Hansen, Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting, 2006, is a species of mite that belongs to the family Eriophyidae. It was first described by Alfred Nalepa in 1892.Aceria anthocoptes can be found on Cirsium arvense, the Canada thistle, and is a good potential biological pest control agent of this invasive weed.

Description

File:Cirsium arvense with Bees Richard Bartz.jpg|thumb|right|upright|Aceria anthocoptes is considered to be a good potential biological control agent for the invasive weed Canada thistle (Cirsium arvenseCirsium arvenseFemale specimens have a somewhat (wikt:fusiform|fusiform) shape, and range in colour. Depending upon the stage of development, both nymphs and adults can appear white, tan, pink, or yellow.Rachel Winston, Rich Hansen, Mark Schwarzlander, Eric Coombs, Carol Bell Randall, Rodney Lym (2008), Biology and Biological Control of Exotic True Thistles {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110718074852weblink |date=July 18, 2011 }}, USDA Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team They are approximately 170 Âµm long and 65 Âµm wide, and are thus almost invisible to the naked eye.WEB, Ryan S. Davis,weblink Eriophyid Mites: bud, blister, gall, and rust mites, Utah Pests Fact Sheet, Utah State University Extension and Utah Plant Pest Diagnostic Laboratory, October 2010, January 26, 2011, Chelicerae are about 20 Âµm long, and are almost straight.

Distribution

Aceria anthocoptes is a 'free-living' eriophyid. Because of its life history and its morphology, this mite is considered to be a vagrant species.JOURNAL, Dragana Rancic, Branka Stevanovic, Radmila Petanović, Biljana Magud, Ivo Tosevski, André Gassmann, Anatomical injury induced by the eriophyid mite Aceria anthocoptes on the leaves of Cirsium arvense, Experimental and Applied Acarology, 38, 4, 243–253, 2006, 16612668, 10.1007/s10493-006-0013-3, This mite can be found in a number of European countries and in the United States. As of 2001, it is known to exist in 21 countries. It is the only species of eriophyid mite that has been found on Cirsium arvense throughout the world.

In the United States

This species is found in the following states:JOURNAL, L. Smith, E. de Lillo, J. W. Amrine, Jr., 2010, Effectiveness of eriophyid mites for biological control of weedy plants and challenges for future research, Experimental and Applied Acarology, 51, 1–3, 115–149, 10.1007/s10493-009-9299-2, 19760101, Also included in BOOK, Edward A. Ueckermann,weblink Eriophyoid Mites: Progress And Prognoses, 978-90-481-9561-9, 2010, {{div col|colwidth=13em}}

Behavior and life cycle

These mites produce multiple generations each year, and probably overwinter on root or the root buds.This mite normally spends the winter as fertilized female adults, remaining under bud scales of the thistle. They emerge in the spring. They continuously reproduce during times other than winter, creating a new generation every two to three weeks. Aceria anthocoptes mite feeds by sucking the contents of the leaf cells.

Use as a biological control agent

Aceria anthocoptes is considered to be a good potential biological control agent for Cirsium arvense, the Canada thistle. It damages both the epidermal cells and deeper mesophyll layers, on both the upper and lower surfaces of this invasive weed. The result is visible deformation and folding of the leaf blade, with a curling of the leaf edges. The leaves become russeted and bronzed, and gradually dry out.

References

{{Reflist|30em}}

Further reading

  • JOURNAL, A. Nalepa, 1892, Les acarocécidies de Lorraine (Suite), French, Feuille, 3, 22, 258, 12,
  • JOURNAL, R. Ochoa, E. F. Erbe, W. P. Wergin, C. Frye, J. Lydon, 2001, The presence of Aceria anthocoptes (Nalepa) (Acari: Eriophyidae) on Cirsium species in the United States, International Journal of Acarology, 27, 3, 179–187, 10.1080/01647950108684251,

External links

  • weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20101007191254weblink">USDA video of Aceria anthocoptes
  • {{Commons inline}}
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