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Abu Tor

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Abu Tor
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(File:AbutorS.jpg|thumb|250px|Abu Tor with view of al-Aqsa mosque)Abu Tor (, ; lit. Arabic meaning "Father of the Bull") is a mixed Jewish and Arab neighborhood in Jerusalem, built on an eminence south of the Old City.East Jerusalem, the capital of dropouts Haaretz. 5 September 2012

Geography

Abu Tor is bounded by the Valley of Hinnom on the north, by the Valley of Azal (Wadi Yasul/Nahal Azal) on the south, Hebron Road and the old Jerusalem Railway Station to the west, and the Sherover Promenade, Armon HaNetziv and Peace Forest to the south.WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2008-04-29, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100430003600weblink">weblink 2010-04-30, About Abu Tor - Har Refaim Synagogue, Abu Tor, Jerusalem The "official" Hebrew name of the neighborhood is Givat Hananya ("Hananya's Hill").Studies in Historical Geography and Biblical Historiography Zecharia Kallai

Etymology

missing image!
- HebronRdAbuTor.JPG -
A house on Hebron Road, near Abu Tor
According to a traditional story, during the Ayyubid period after Saladin captured Jerusalem in 1187, the area of Abu Tor was assigned by Al-Aziz Uthman to an officer in Saladin's army.Moudjir ed-dyn, 1876, p. 290, orig page 488, cited in Canaan, 1927, p. 286JOURNAL, Ruth Kark and Shimon Landman, The establishment of Muslim neighbourhoods in Jerusalem, outside the old city, during the late Ottoman period, Palestine Exploration Quarterly, 112, 1980, 113–135, 10.1179/peq.1980.112.2.113, His name was Sheikh Shehab ed Din, but he was called "Sheikh Ahmed et Toreh" (Sheikh Ahmed of the bull) or "Abu Tor" (the man with the bull, or the father of the bull) as he was said to have accompanied Saladin riding on a bull.Palmer, 1881, p. 318Warren and Conder, 1884, p. 397

Location

The hill on which Abu Tor stands was called "Jebel Deir Abu Tor" (mountain of the monastery of Abu Tor), or the "Hill of Evil Counsel", referring to a legend that it was the site of the house of Caiaphas, where Judas plotted to betray Jesus. A monastery or convent dedicated to St. Mark (whose emblem was an ox) may have once been there.Canaan, 1927, p. 287

History

Late Ottoman period

Abu Tor was developed as a residential quarter in the late 19th century by Muslim and Christian Arabs from Jerusalem.JOURNAL, A. Arnon, The Quarters of Jerusalem in the Ottoman Period, Middle Eastern Studies, 28, 1992, 1–65, 10.1080/00263209208700889, A Jewish neighborhood called Beit Yosef was established in 1888.

British Mandate

Abu Tor was incorporated into the Jerusalem municipal district during the British Mandate period.JOURNAL, Ruth Kark and Michal Oren-Nordheim, Colonial cities in Palestine? Jerusalem under the British Mandate, Israel Affairs, 3, 1996, 50–94, 10.1080/13537129608719419,

Israel

From the establishment of Israel in 1948 until 1967, the border between Israel and Jordan ran through Abu Tor.Neighbors if not friends The first four roads beyond Hebron Road were Israeli and the remaining roads were Jordanian. In January 1949, Israel and Jordan, represented by Moshe Dayan and Abdullah el-Tell, held talks on the status of Jerusalem. Dayan presented the partition of Jerusalem as a common interest, and offered an exchange of territories that included the military post in Abu Tor, but his offer was turned down.Jerusalem: A city and its future, Marshall J. Berger and Ora Ahimeir

Demography

Abu Tor is one of the few Jerusalem neighborhoods with a mixed Arab and Jewish population. Due to its mixed population, many journalists, diplomats and United Nations employees choose to live there.NJ.com: Special Projects While the Jewish section of Abu Tor is predominantly secular, the neighborhood has two synagogues - Har Refaim Synagogue for Ashkenazi Jews on Nachshon Street,Har Refaim Synagogue - Abu Tor, Jerusalem and Shalom V'Achva Synagogue for Sephardi Jews.Abu Tor had a population of 15,500 in 2010.The first page in the facts {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140202095618weblink |date=February 2, 2014 }}

Urban development

A large multiplex cinema, the Sherover complex, is located in Abu Tor.The rising star at Jerusalem City Hall, Haaretz The center, just off Hebron Road, houses seven movie theaters, coffee shops and restaurants, an auditorium, a library, classrooms and art galleries.weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160410064315weblink">In calm J'lem neighborhood of Abu Tor, big construction project angers residents, Jerusalem Post The complex, which began operating in 2015, also screens films on the Sabbath.Yes Planet makes Jerusalem big screen debut

References

{{reflist|25em}}

Bibliography

  • BOOK, Besant, Walter, Walter Besant, Palmer, E.H., Edward Henry Palmer, 1871,weblink Jerusalem, the City of Herod and Saladin, London, Palestine Exploration Fund, Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund, (p. 432)
  • BOOK, Canaan, Tawfiq, Tawfiq Canaan,weblink Mohammedan Saints and Sanctuaries in Palestine, 1927, London, Luzac & Co,
  • JOURNAL, Conder, C. R., Claude Reignier Conder, The Moslem Mukams, Quarterly statement - Palestine Exploration Fund, 9, 89–103,weblink 1877, (p. 100)
  • BOOK,weblink Histoire de Jérusalem et d'Hébron depuis Abraham jusqu'à la fin du XVe siècle de J.-C. : fragments de la Chronique de Moudjir-ed-dyn, 1876, Moudjir ed-dyn, Mujir al-Din, Sauvaire,
  • BOOK, Nissenbaum, Dion, A Street Divided: Stories From Jerusalem’s Alley of God, St. Martin's Press, 2016, 1250072948,
  • BOOK, Palmer, E. H., Edward Henry Palmer, 1881,weblink The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer, Palestine Exploration Fund, Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund,
  • BOOK, Warren, Charles, Charles Warren, Conder, Claude Reignier, Claude Reignier Conder, 1884,weblink The Survey of Western Palestine: Jerusalem, London, Palestine Exploration Fund, Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund,

External links

{{Neighborhoods of Jerusalem}}{{coord|31|45|49.1|N|35|13|57.5|E|display=title}}

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