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AT&T
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{{about|the company known as AT&T since 2005|the original AT&T (American Telephone and Telegraph) founded in 1885|AT&T Corporation|other uses}}{{Redirect|Southwestern Bell Corporation|the telephone company founded in 1882|Southwestern Bell}}{{Short description|American multinational conglomerate holding company}}{{Use American English|date=August 2015}}{{Use mdy dates|date=August 2015}}









! Year !! 2001 !! 2002 !! 2003 !! 2004 !! 2005 !! 2006 !! 2007 !! 2008 !! 2009 !! 2010 !! 2011 !! 2012 !! 2013 !! 2014 !! 2015 !! 2016
factoids
name AT&T Inc. | logo = AT&T logo 2016.svg| logo_size = 150px| image = New AT&T Logo in Dallas, TX.jpeg| image_size = 250px| image_caption = AT&T's corporate headquarters in Dallas, Texas| trading_name =



    Public company>Public }}| ISIN = US00206R1023 {edih}AT&T CorporationBellSouth>AmeritechPacific Telesis>Southwestern Bell}}| successor = Restated Certificate of Incorporation of AT&T Inc. Securities and Exchange Commission. April 24, 2009. Accessed September 3, 2017. | founder = | defunct = | fate = | hq_location = Whitacre Tower| hq_location_city = Dallas, Texas| hq_location_country = U.S.| area_served = WorldwideRandall L. Stephenson{{small>(Chairman and CEO)}}John J. Stephens{{small|(SVP and CFO)}} {edih}link=yes}}170.756 billion (2018)link=yes}}26.096 billion (2018)link=yes}}19.953 billion (2018)link=yes}}531 billion (2018)link=yes}}193.884 billion (2018weblink| owner = PUBLISHER=U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION ACCESSDATE=SEPTEMBER 4, 2018, | parent = {edih}| subsid = weblink}}| footnotes = }}AT&T Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered at Whitacre Tower in Downtown Dallas, Texas.Godinez, Victor and David McLemore. "AT&T moving headquarters to Dallas from San Antonio." The Dallas Morning News. Saturday June 28, 2008. Retrieved June 18, 2009. It is the world's largest telecommunications company, the largest provider of mobile telephone services, and the largest provider of fixed telephone services in the United States through AT&T Communications. Since June 14, 2018, it is also the parent company of mass media conglomerate WarnerMedia, making it the world's largest media and entertainment company in terms of revenue.WEB,weblink Bloomberg - Are you a robot?, www.bloomberg.com, {{as of|2018}}, AT&T is ranked #9 on the Fortune 500 rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.WEB,weblink Fortune 500 Companies 2018: Who Made the List, Fortune, en-US, 2018-11-09, AT&T began its history as Southwestern Bell Telephone Company, a subsidiary of the Bell Telephone Company, founded by Alexander Graham Bell in 1880. The Bell Telephone Company evolved into American Telephone and Telegraph Company in 1885, which later rebranded as AT&T Corporation. The 1982 United States v. AT&T antitrust lawsuit resulted in the divestiture of AT&T Corporation's ("Ma Bell") subsidiaries or Regional Bell Operating Companies (RBOCs), commonly referred to as "Baby Bells", resulting in several independent companies, including Southwestern Bell Corporation; the latter changed its name to SBC Communications Inc. in 1995. In 2005, SBC purchased its former parent AT&T Corporation and took on its branding, with the merged entity naming itself AT&T Inc. and using its iconic logo and stock-trading symbol. In 2006, AT&T Inc. acquired BellSouth, the last independent Baby Bell company, making their formerly joint venture Cingular Wireless (which had acquired AT&T Wireless in 2004) wholly owned and rebranding it as AT&T Mobility.The current AT&T reconstitutes much of the former Bell System, and includes ten of the original 22 Bell Operating Companies along with the original long distance division.BOOK, Kleinfield, Sony, 1981, The biggest company on earth: a profile of AT&T, New York, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 978-0-03-045326-7,

    History

    {{Further|History of AT&T}}

    Origin and growth (1885–1981)

    {{See also|History of AT&T#Origins|History of AT&T#Monopoly}}AT&T can trace its origin back to the original Bell Telephone Company founded by Alexander Graham Bell after his patenting of the telephone.WEB,weblink Home{{!, History{{!}} AT&T|website=www.corp.att.com|language=en|accessdate=March 3, 2017}} One of that company's subsidiaries was American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T), established in 1885,WEB,weblink History of the AT&T Network — Milestones in AT&T Network History{{!, History{{!}} AT&T|website=www.corp.att.com|language=en|accessdate=April 21, 2017}} which acquired the Bell Company on December 31, 1899, for legal reasons, leaving AT&T as the main company. AT&T established a network of subsidiaries in the United States and Canada that held a government-authorized phone service monopoly, formalized with the Kingsbury Commitment, throughout most of the twentieth century. This monopoly was known as the Bell System,NEWS,weblink BELL SYSTEM BREAKUP OPENS ERA OF GREAT EXPECTATIONS AND GREAT CONCERN, Pollack, Andrew, January 1, 1984, The New York Times, May 24, 2017, 0362-4331, and during this period, AT&T was also known by the nickname Ma Bell.WEB,weblink How AT&T got busted up and pieced back together, Pagliery, Jose, May 20, 2014, CNNMoney, May 24, 2017, For periods of time, the former AT&T was the world's largest phone company.

    Breakup and reformation (1982–2004)

    {{See also|Breakup of the Bell System|History of AT&T#Post break-up restructuring}}In 1982, U.S. regulators broke up the AT&T monopoly, requiring AT&T to divest its regional subsidiaries and turning them each into individual companies. These new companies were known as Regional Bell Operating Companies, or more informally, Baby Bells.NEWS,weblink Lessons from the AT&T break up, 30 years later-CICTP, January 3, 2014, Tech Policy Daily, April 21, 2017, en-US,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170422035122weblink">weblink April 22, 2017, yes, mdy-all, AT&T continued to operate long distance services, but as a result of this breakup, faced competition from new competitors such as MCI and Sprint.Southwestern Bell was one of the companies created by the breakup of AT&T Corp. The architect of divestiture for Southwestern Bell was Robert G. Pope. The company soon started a series of acquisitions. This includes the 1987 acquisition of Metromedia mobile business and the acquisition of several cable companies in the early 1990s. In the later half of the 1990s, the company acquired several other telecommunications companies, including some Baby Bells, while selling its cable business. During this time, the company changed its name to SBC Communications. By 1998, the company was in the top 15 of the Fortune 500, and by 1999 the company was part of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (lasting through 2015).

    Purchase of former parent and acquisitions (2005–2014)

    {{See also|History of AT&T#Rise of SBC|History of AT&T#Post-consolidation wireless acquisitions}}In 2005, SBC purchased AT&T for $16 billion. After this purchase, SBC adopted the better-known AT&T name and brand, with the original AT&T Corp. still existing as the long-distance landline subsidiary of the merged company. The current AT&T claims the original AT&T Corp.'s history (dating to 1885) as its own, though its corporate structure only dates from 1983.WEB,weblink AT&T Tech Channel, Youtube, It also retains SBC's pre-2005 stock price history, and all regulatory filings prior to 2005 are for Southwestern Bell/SBC, not AT&T Corp.In September 2013, AT&T Inc. announced it would expand into Latin America through a collaboration with América Móvil.NEWS,weblink AT&T to expand in Latin America with America Movil deal, Sinead Carew, Reuters, September 18, 2013, In December 2013, AT&T announced plans to sell its Connecticut wireline operations to Stamford-based Frontier Communications.NEWS,weblink AT&T Announces Plans to Sell Connecticut Wireline Operations to Frontier Communications for $2.0 Billion, AT&T, AT&T, December 17, 2013,

    Recent developments (2014–present)

    {{See also|History of AT&T#Recent developments}}AT&T purchased the Mexican carrier Iusacell in late 2014,WEB,weblink AT&T to expand North American coverage area with Mexico carrier Iusacell acquisition, Nguyen, Chuong, Android Central, November 7, 2014, January 1, 2016, and two months later purchased the Mexican wireless business of NII Holdings,WEB, Reuters, January 26, 2015, AT&T to buy NII Holdings' wireless business in Mexico,weblink January 1, 2016, merging the two companies to create AT&T Mexico.In July 2015, AT&T purchased DirecTV for $48.5 billion, or $67.1 billion including assumed debt,WEB, Reuters, January 26, 2015, AT&T Completes Acquisition of DirecTV,weblink January 1, 2016, subject to certain conditions.WEB,weblink AT&T & DirecTV Merger Gets FCC Approval – With Conditions, Deadline Hollywood, July 24, 2015, July 24, 2015, WEB,weblink FCC approves AT&T–DirecTV merger, The Verge, Vox Media, July 24, 2015, July 24, 2015, AT&T subsequently announced plans to converge its existing U-verse home internet and IPTV brands with DirecTV, to create AT&T Entertainment.WEB,weblink AT&T Plans on Killing the DirecTV Name Starting in January, Bode, Karl, DSL Reports, December 2, 2015, December 2, 2015, WEB,weblink AT&T Enters Next Phase in DirecTV Branding, Farrell, Mike, MultiChannel News, December 2, 2015, December 3, 2015, WEB,weblink AT&T Sees DirecTV, Broadband Subscriber Gains in Q1 as U-verse Fades, Littleton, Cynthia, Variety (magazine), Variety, April 26, 2016, April 28, 2016, In an effort to increase its media holdings,WEB,weblink AT&T Discussed Idea of Takeover in Time Warner Meetings, Hammond, Ed, Sherman, Alex, Moritz, Scott, Bloomberg, October 20, 2016, October 20, 2016, WEB,weblink Report: AT&T considering buying Time Warner, Yu, Robert, USA Today, October 20, 2016, October 20, 2016, WEB,weblink AT&T Is in Advanced Talks to Acquire Time Warner, Hagey, Keach, Sharma, Amol, Cimilluca, Dana, The Wall Street Journal, October 21, 2016, October 21, 2016, on October 22, 2016, AT&T announced a deal to buy Time Warner for $108.7 billion.WEB,weblink AT&T agrees to buy Time Warner for more than $80B, Yu, Roger, USA Today, October 22, 2016, October 22, 2016, WEB,weblink AT&T Reaches Deal to Buy Time Warner for $86 Billion, Gryta, Thomas, Hagey, Keach, Cimilluca, Dana, The Wall Street Journal, October 22, 2016, October 22, 2016, subscription, WEB,weblink AT&T Sets $85.4 Billion Time Warner Deal, CEOs Talk 'Unique' Potential of Combination, Littleton, Cynthia, Variety (magazine), Variety, October 22, 2016, October 23, 2016, AT&T also owns approximately a 2% stake in Canadian-domiciled entertainment company Lionsgate.WEB, Deadline Hollywood,weblink Starz Accepts Rate Cut as Lionsgate Offers Stock for New Deals with AT&T, August 2, 2017, 2016-09-22, On July 13, 2017, it was reported that AT&T would introduce a cloud-based DVR streaming service as part of its effort to create a unified platform across DirecTV and its DirecTV Now streaming service, with U-verse to be added soon.WEB,weblink AT&T's 'next-gen' TV platform rollout will start on DirecTV Now, Lawler, Richard, Engadget, July 13, 2017, July 13, 2017, WEB,weblink AT&T To Offer Cloud-Based DVR To Streaming Services, Lieberman, David, Deadline Hollywood, July 13, 2017, July 13, 2017, WEB,weblink DirecTV Now to finally get cloud DVR as part of AT&T video platform rollout, Frankel, Daniel, Fierce Cable, July 13, 2017, July 13, 2017, In October 2018, it was announced that the service Is set to launch in 2019NEWS,weblink AT&T Streaming Video Service Is Set to Launch in 2019, FitzGerald, Drew, 2018-10-10, Wall Street Journal, 2018-10-11, Flint, Joe, en-US, 0099-9660, NEWS,weblink AT&T’s WarnerMedia is launching an ‘HBO plus’ streaming service in 2019, The Verge, 2018-10-11, On September 12, 2017, it was reported that AT&T planned to launch a new cable TV-like service for delivery over-the-top over its own or a competitor's broadband network sometime next year.WEB,weblink AT&T CEO: Bye-Bye DirecTV, Hello AT&T OTT Video, Engebretson, Joan, Telecompetitor, September 12, 2017, September 13, 2017, On November 20, 2017, Assistant Attorney General Makan Delrahim filed a lawsuit for the United States Department of Justice Antitrust Division to block the merger with Time Warner, saying it "will harm competition, result in higher bills for consumers and less innovation."WEB,weblink Justice Department sues to block AT&T-Time Warner merger, CBS News, November 20, 2017, November 20, 2017, WEB, Fung, Brian, The Justice Department is suing AT&T to block its $85 billion bid for Time Warner,weblink November 21, 2017, The Washington Post, November 21, 2017, In order for AT&T to fully acquire Time Warner, the Department of Justice stated that the company must divest either DirecTV or Turner Broadcasting System.WEB,weblink Is the AT&T merger with Time Warner being threatened because of a beef with CNN?, TheVerge.com, December 16, 2017, 2017-11-08, {{as of|2017}}, AT&T is the world's largest telecommunications company.WEB, World's 25 Biggest Telecom Companies In 2017,weblink Forbes, May 25, 2017, AT&T is also the second largest provider of mobile telephone services and the largest provider of fixed telephone services in the United States.Leichtman Research Group, "Research Notes," First Quarter 2012, pg. 6, AT&T (#1) with 21,232,000 residential phone lines.On March 7, 2018, the company prepared to sell a minority stake of DirecTV Latin America through an IPO, creating a new holding company for those assets named Vrio Corp.WEB,weblink AT&T Inc. Announces Filing of a Registration Statement for Potential IPO of Minority Stake in DIRECTV Latin America, Business Wire, March 7, 2018, March 14, 2018, WEB,weblink AT&T's DirecTV Latin America Unit Files for IPO as Prelude to Possible Spinoff, Spangler, Todd, Variety (magazine), Variety, March 7, 2018, March 14, 2018, However, on April 18, 2018, just a day before the public debut of Vrio, AT&T canceled the IPO due to market conditions.WEB,weblink AT&T Inc. Statement Regarding Planned Vrio Corp. IPO, PR Newswire, April 18, 2018, June 14, 2018, WEB,weblink At the last minute, AT&T withdraws the planned IPO of its Vrio unit, CNBC, April 19, 2018, June 14, 2018, On June 12, 2018, AT&T was given permission by U.S. District Court Judge Richard J. Leon to go ahead with its $85 billion deal for Time Warner. The DOJ had attempted to stop the merger fearing it would harm competition.WEB,weblink Judge approves AT&T-Time Warner merger without conditions, Ivanova, Irina, CBS News, June 12, 2018, June 12, 2018, The merger closed two days after, becoming a wholly owned subsidiary and division of AT&T with a new name, WarnerMedia, announced the next day.WEB,weblink AT&T Completes Acquisition of Time Warner Inc, AT&T, June 15, 2018, June 15, 2018, Three months after completing the acquisition, AT&T reorganized into four main units: Communications, including consumer and business wireline telephony, AT&T Mobility, and consumer entertainment video services; WarnerMedia, including Turner cable television networks, Warner Bros. film and television production, and HBO; AT&T Latin America, consisting of wireless service in Mexico and video in Latin America and the Caribbean under the Vrio brand; and Advertising and Analytics, since renamed Xandr.WEB,weblink SEC-Show, otp.tools.investis.com, WEB,weblink AT&T revises segment structure on Time Warner buy, SA Editor Brandy, Betz, September 21, 2018, Seeking Alpha,

    AT&T Latin America









    factoids
    | area_served =Mexico{{Collapsible list|title=South America|1=Colombia|2=Brazil|3=Peru|4=Argentina|5=Paraguay|6=Uruguay|7=Venezuela|8=Chile|9=Bolivia|10=Ecuador|11=Guyana|12=Trinidad and Tobago}}| key_people = Lori Lee(CEO)| industry = Telecommunication| products =WirelessSatellite television| revenue = {{decrease}} US$7 billion (2018weblink| parent = AT&T
    AT&T MexicoVrio (company)>Vrioweblink}}}}AT&T Latin America (formerly AT&T International, Inc.) is a wholly owned division of AT&T which operates in Mexico and 11 countries in South America.WEB,weblink AT&T Completes Acquisition of Time Warner Inc., June 14, 2018, www.businesswire.com,

    History

    In 2017, AT&T announced a new AT&T International corporate division housing AT&T Mexico, DirecTV Latin America and their stakes of SKY Brazil and Sky Mexico.NEWS,weblink AT&T Completes $85B Acquisition Of Time Warner, Spangler, Todd, 2018-06-14, Deadline, 2018-11-19, en-US, In October 2016, AT&T announced a deal to acquire Time Warner worth $85.4 billion (including assumed Time Warner debt). The proposed deal would give AT&T significant holdings in the media industry; AT&T's competitor Comcast had previously acquired NBCUniversal in a similar bid to increase its media holdings, in concert with its ownership of television and internet providers. If approved by federal regulators, the merger would bring Time Warner's properties under the same umbrella as AT&T's telecommunication holdings, including satellite provider DirecTV.WEB,weblink AT&T Is in Advanced Talks to Acquire Time Warner, Hagey, Keach, Sharma, Amol, Cimilluca, Dana, The Wall Street Journal, October 21, 2016, October 21, 2016, WEB,weblink AT&T Sets $85.4 Billion Time Warner Deal, CEOs Talks 'Unique' Potential of Combination, Littleton, Cynthia, Variety (magazine), Variety, October 22, 2016, October 23, 2016, NEWS,weblink AT&T agrees to buy Time Warner for $85.4 billion, USA TODAY, 2017-08-08, en, By the end of July, the company announced that, effective August 1, a new structure was created before the acquisition would close. On September 15, 2017, Reuters reported, citing anonymous sources, that AT&T, the owner of DIRECTV's U.S. and Latin American divisions, had hired an advisor to consider offering AT&T Latin America on the public stock market. In November 2017, the U.S. Justice Department said it was moving to sue to block the AT&T-Time Warner merger.NEWS,weblink Justice Department Sues to Block AT&T-Time Warner Merger, Kang, Cecilia, November 20, 2017, The New York Times, December 11, 2017, Merced, Michael J. de la, en-US, 0362-4331, On November 20, 2017, the Department of Justice filed an antitrust lawsuit over the acquisition; Makan Delrahim stated that the deal would "greatly harm American consumers". AT&T asserts that this suit is a "radical and inexplicable departure from decades of antitrust precedent".NEWS,weblink AT&T Sued by U.S. Seeking to Block Merger With Time Warner, Foden, Sara, McLaughlin, David, Moritz, Scott, Bloomberg, November 20, 2017, November 20, 2017, On December 22, 2017, the merger agreement deadline was extended to June 21, 2018.NEWS,weblink AT&T, Time Warner Extend Merger Agreement Deadline as Trial Looms, Littleton, Cynthia, Variety, December 22, 2017, December 22, 2017, On April 19, 2018, the IPO was cancelled. On June 12, 2018, the AT&T-Time Warner merger was approved by a federal judge.NEWS,weblink AT&T-Time Warner Merger Approved, Johnson, Ted, Variety, June 12, 2018, June 12, 2018, Two days later, AT&T completed the acquisition of Time Warner, and a day later the company was renamed WarnerMedia.On September 21, 2018, AT&T reclassified it four principal divisions which includes AT&T International which now have some assets moved out like the RSNs, an also merging Consumer Mobility, Technology and Business Mobility and renamed the company as AT&T Latin America.

    Landline operating companies

    Of the eight companies that were part of the Breakup of the Bell System, these five are a part of the current AT&T:WEB, Agreements Between SNET America, Inc. (SAI) DBA AT&T Long Distance East, and AT&T Telephone Companies, AT&T,weblink September 29, 2007,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20071011214558weblink">weblink October 11, 2007,

    Chart of Baby Bells

    {{chart/start|style=font-size:75%;}}{{chart | | | | | ATT | ATT=AT&T Corporation{{small|RBOCs grouped into "Baby Bells" split off in 1984}} }}{{chart | |,|-|-|-|+|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|. }}{{chart | BSO | | ATT | | AMT | | PAC | | SBC | | ATL | | NYN | | | | | | USW |ATT=AT&T Corp.{{small|(non-LEC)}} |AMT=Ameritech |ATL=Bell Atlantic |BSO=BellSouth |NYN=NYNEX |PAC=Pacific Telesis |SBC=Southwestern Bell Corp.{{small|(later SBC Communications)}} |USW=US West }}{{chart | |!| | | |!| | | |!| | | |`|-|-|-|(| | | |)|-|-|-|'| | | | | | | |! }} {{chart | |!| | | |!| | | |`|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|(| | | |!| | | GTE | | QW | | |! |GTE=GTE Corporation{{small|(non-RBOC ILEC)}} |QW=Qwest {{small|(non-ILEC)}} }} {{chart | |!| | | |!| | | | | | | | | | | |!| | | VZ |-|-|'| | | |)|-|-|-|' |QW=Qwest |VZ=Verizon }} {{chart | |!| | | |`|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-| ATT | | |!| | | | | | | |! |ATT=AT&T Inc.{{small|(former SBC)}} }} {{chart | |`|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|(| | | |!| | | CEN | | |! |CEN=CenturyLink{{small|(non-RBOC ILEC)}} }}{{chart | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |!| | | |!| | | |)|-|-|-|' }} {{chart | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | ATT | | VZ | | CEN | |ATT=AT&T Inc. |CEN=CenturyLink |VZ=Verizon }} {{chart/end}}

    Former operating companies

    The following companies have become defunct or were sold under SBC/AT&T ownership:

    Future of rural landlines

    AT&T stated that it would declare the intentions for its rural landlines on November 7, 2012.WEB, Ausik, Paul, AT&T May Keep Rural Landline Business,weblink 24/7 Wall St., September 19, 2012, July 22, 2013, AT&T had previously announced that it was considering a sale of its rural landlines, which are not wired for AT&T's U-verse service; however, it has also stated that it may keep the business after all.{{update inline|date=March 2019}}AT&T was not the first Baby Bell to sell off rural landlines. Ameritech sold some of its Wisconsin lines to CenturyTel in 1998; BellSouth sold some of its lines to MebTel in the 2000s; U S WEST sold many historically Bell landlines to Lynch Communications and Pacific Telecom in the 1990s; Verizon sold many of its New England lines to FairPoint in 2008 and its West Virginia operations to Frontier Communications in 2010.On October 25, 2014, Frontier Communications took over control of the AT&T landline network in Connecticut after being approved by state utility regulators. The deal was worth about $2 billion, and included Frontier inheriting about 2,500 of AT&T's employees and many of AT&T's buildings.WEB,weblink Frontier takes over AT&T landline service Saturday, Turmelle, Luther, New Haven Register, October 24, 2014, January 7, 2016,

    Corporate structure

    File:AT&TOrange.JPG|thumb|AT&T office in San AntonioSan Antonio

    Facilities and regions

    {{expand section|date=November 2016}}The company is headquartered at Whitacre Tower in downtown Dallas, Texas. On June 27, 2008, AT&T announced that it would move its corporate headquarters from downtown San Antonio to One AT&T Plaza in downtown Dallas."Corporate Inquiries." AT&T. Retrieved March 25, 2009. The company said that it moved to gain better access to its customers and operations throughout the world, and to the key technology partners, suppliers, innovation and human resources needed as it continues to grow, domestically and internationally.WEB,weblink Dallas News,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20080704013741weblink">weblink July 4, 2008, AT&T moving headquarters to Dallas from San Antonio, June 27, 2008, AT&T Inc. previously relocated its corporate headquarters to San Antonio from St. Louis, Missouri, in 1992, when it was then named Southwestern Bell Corporation. The company's Telecom Operations group, which serves residential and regional business customers in 22 U.S. states, remains in San Antonio.{{Citation needed|date=June 2009}} Atlanta, Georgia, continues to be the headquarters for AT&T Mobility, with significant offices in Redmond, Washington, the former home of AT&T Wireless. Bedminster, New Jersey, is the headquarters for the company's Global Business Services group and AT&T Labs, and is where the original AT&T Corp. remains located. St. Louis continues as home to the company's Directory operations, AT&T Advertising Solutions.AT&T – News Room (June 27, 2008). AT&T Corporate Headquarters to Move to Dallas. Press release. Retrieved June 27, 2008.AT&T offers also services in many locations throughout the Asia Pacific; its regional headquarters is located in Hong Kong.WEB,weblink Corp.att.com, Corp.att.com, November 28, 2011, The company is also active in Mexico, and it was announced on November 7, 2014, that Mexican carrier Iusacell is being acquired by AT&T. The acquisition was approved in January 2015.{{citation needed|date=November 2016}}Roger Cheng, CNET. "Done deal: AT&T closes $2.5 billion purchase of Mexico's Iusacell." Jan 16, 2015. Retrieved Jan 4, 2018.Phil Goldstein, FierceWireless. "AT&T closes $2.5B deal for Mexican operator Iusacell." Jan 16, 2015. Retrieved Jan 4, 2018. On April 30, 2015, AT&T acquired wireless operations Nextel Mexico from NII Holdings (now AT&T Mexico).WEB,weblink AT&T bolsters Mexico operations with closing of Nextel Mexico deal, Meyer, Dan, RCR Wireless News, April 25, 2015, October 24, 2016,

    Corporate governance

    File:Randall Stephenson, CEO of AT&T.jpg|thumb|CEO Randall L. Stephenson at the 2008 World Economic ForumWorld Economic Forum{{See also|Category:AT&T people}}AT&T's current board of directors {{as of|2019|May|lc=y|df=}}:WEB,weblink Board of Directors, AT&T Inc. Investor Relations, March 19, 2019, {{columns-list|colwidth=300px|rules=yes| }}The current management {{as of|2019|May|lc=y|df=}} includes:WEB,weblink Leadership, AT&T Inc. Investor Relations, March 19, 2019,

    Political involvement

    {{Outdated section|date=June 2018}}According to the Center for Responsive Politics, {{as of|2018|lc=y}}, AT&T is the fifteenth-largest donor to United States political campaigns,WEB,weblink Top All-Time Donors, 1989–2012, 2018, OpenSecrets.org, Center for Responsive Politics, United States, June 15, 2018, and was the top American corporate donor in 2011,NEWS, Kang, Cecelia, Jia Lynn Yang, December 9, 2011, How AT&T fumbled its $39 billion bid to acquire T-Mobile, The Washington Post, washingtonpost.com,weblink December 9, 2011, having contributed more than {{US$|47.7 million}} since 1990, 56% of which went to Republicans and 44% of which went to Democrats.WEB, 2011, AT&T Inc: Totals, OpenSecrets.org, Center for Responsive Politics, United States,weblink December 9, 2011, As an example, in 2005, AT&T was among 53 entities that contributed the maximum of $250,000 to the second inauguration of President George W. Bush.NEWS, Jim, Drinkard, Donors get good seats, great access this week,weblink USA Today, January 17, 2005, May 25, 2008, NEWS, Financing the inauguration,weblink USA Today, January 16, 2005, May 25, 2008, NEWS, Some question inaugural's multi-million price tag, Associated Press, May 25, 2008, January 14, 2005,weblink USA Today, Bill Leahy, representing AT&T, sits on the Private Enterprise Board of the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC).WEB,weblink Private Enterprise Board | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council, Alec.org, May 11, 2012, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120511000739weblink">weblink May 11, 2012, ALEC is a nonprofit organization of conservative state legislators and private sector representatives that drafts and shares model state-level legislation for distribution among state governments in the United States.NEWS, Transportation Chief Attacks Congress on Safety,weblink The New York Times, August 30, 1987, May, Clifford, NEWS,weblink NRA's Behind-the-Scenes Campaign Encouraged 'Stand Your Ground' Adoption, March 23, 2013, Florida Center for Investigative Reporting, Howard, Goodman, NEWS,weblink 'Right-to-work' bill praised and blasted in House committee hearing, KBIA, January 14, 2014, Marshall, Griffin, During the period of 1998 to 2010, the company expended {{US$|130 million}} on lobbying in the United States. A key political issue for AT&T has been the question of which businesses win the right to profit by providing broadband internet access in the United States.WEB, AT&T Inc, The Center For Responsive Politics,weblink September 29, 2007,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070930035728weblink">weblink September 30, 2007, yes, The company has also lobbied in support of several federal bills. AT&T supported the Federal Communications Commission Process Reform Act of 2013 (H.R. 3675; 113th Congress), a bill that would make a number of changes to procedures that the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) follows in its rulemaking processes.WEB, H.R. 3675 - CBO,weblink Congressional Budget Office, March 10, 2014, The FCC would have to act in a more transparent way as a result of this bill, forced to accept public input about regulations.NEWS, Kasperowicz, Pete, House votes for more transparency at the FCC,weblink March 12, 2014, The Hill, March 11, 2014, AT&T's Executive Vice President of Federal Relations, Tim McKone, said that the bill's "much needed institutional reforms will help arm the agency with the tools to keep pace with the Internet speed of today's marketplace. It will also ensure that outmoded regulatory practices for today's competitive marketplace are properly placed in the dustbin of history."WEB, McKone, Tim, AT&T Statement on Bipartisan Spectrum and FCC Reform Legislation,weblink AT&T Public Policy Blog, March 12, 2014, December 11, 2013, In May 2018, reports emerged that AT&T made 12 monthly payments between January and December 2017 to Essential Consultants, a company set up by President Donald Trump's lawyer Michael Cohen, totaling $600,000.NEWS,weblink AT&T payments to Trump lawyer more than reported, Bartz, Diane, May 9, 2018, Reuters, May 10, 2018, Although initial reports on May 8 mentioned only four monthly payments totaling $200,000,NEWS,weblink AT&T confirms it paid Trump lawyer Michael Cohen for 'insights' on administration, Mangan, Dan, May 8, 2018, CNBC, May 10, 2018, Breuninger, Kevin, Ruggiero, Ryan, documents obtained by The Washington Post on May 10 confirmed the figure of 12 payments, which had begun three days after the President was sworn into office.NEWS,weblink Cohen's $600,000 deal with AT&T specified he would advise on Time Warner merger, internal company records show, Helderman, Rosalind S., May 10, 2018, The Washington Post, May 11, 2018, Fung, Brian, en-US, 0190-8286, Hamburger, Tom, NEWS,weblink AT&T reportedly paid Michael Cohen for guidance on Time Warner deal, Wang, Christine, May 10, 2018, CNBC, May 11, 2018, AT&T confirmed the report the same day.NEWS,weblink AT&T confirms it paid Michael Cohen for consulting on Time Warner deal, Gold, Hadas, May 10, 2018, CNNMoney, May 11, 2018, The report from The Washington Post, as well as additional reporting from Bloomberg, revealed the payments had been made for Cohen to "provide guidance" relating to the attempted $85 billion merger with Time Warner, to gain information on the Trump administration's planned tax reforms, as well as about potential changes to net neutrality policies under the new FCC.NEWS,weblink AT&T Was Paying Trump's Lawyer While White House Turned Into Foe, Turner, Nick, May 9, 2018, Bloomberg, May 22, 2018, Moritz, Scott, However, Chairman of the FCC Ajit Pai denied Cohen ever inquired about net neutrality on AT&T's behalf.NEWS,weblink 'No' Cohen Inquiries on Net Neutrality on AT&T's Behalf, FCC Chairman Says, Shields, Todd, May 10, 2018, Bloomberg, May 22, 2018, A spokesperson for AT&T said that the company had been contacted by the Special Counsel investigation led by Robert Mueller regarding the payments, and had provided all the information requested in November and December 2017.NEWS,weblink Novartis and AT&T Spoke to Mueller's Office About Payments to Michael Cohen, Thomas, Katie, May 9, 2018, The New York Times, May 10, 2018, Kang, Cecilia, en-US, 0362-4331, NEWS,weblink AT&T says it was contacted by special counsel's office about Michael Cohen, Mangan, Dan, May 9, 2018, CNBC, May 10, 2018, Ruggiero, Ryan, In early 2019 the Democratic House Judiciary requested records related to the AT&T-Time Warner merger from the White House.WEB,weblink White House denies House Democrats' AT&T-Time Warner records request, Cristiano Lima, April 16, 2019, Politico.com, April 16, 2019,

    Historical financial performance

    The financial performance of the company is reported to shareholders on an annual basis and a matter of public record. The unit (except where noted) is billions of US dollars. Where performance has been restated, the most recent statement of performance from an annual report is used.WEB, Annual Report 2015,weblink AT&T Inc., June 8, 2016, en, WEB, Annual Report - 2014,weblink AT&T Inc., November 17, 2015, en, WEB, SEC Filings — Form K-10 - 2005,weblink March 1, 2006, AT&T Inc, November 18, 2015, en, WEB,weblink Annual Report 2016, February 17, 2017, February 21, 2017, AT&T, {| class="wikitable"
    | 163.8
    | 13.33
    | 403.8
    | 268.5

    Criticism and controversies

    Hemisphere database

    The company maintains a database of call detail records of all telephone calls that have passed through its network since 1987. AT&T employees work at High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area offices (operated by the Office of National Drug Control Policy) in Los Angeles, Atlanta, and Houston so data can be quickly turned over to law enforcement agencies. Records are requested via administrative subpoena, without the involvement of a court or grand jury.

    Censorship

    In September 2007, AT&T changed its legal policy to state that "AT&T may immediately terminate or suspend all or a portion of your Service,WEB, Fisher, Ken,weblink AT&T threatens to disconnect subscribers who criticize the company, Arstechnica.com, October 1, 2007, November 28, 2011, any Member ID, electronic mail address, IP address, Universal Resource Locator or domain name used by you, without notice for conduct that AT&T believes ... (c) tends to damage the name or reputation of AT&T, or its parents, affiliates and subsidiaries."WEB, AT&T Legal Policy, AT&T,weblink September 29, 2007,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20071011020653weblink">weblink October 11, 2007, yes, mdy-all, By October 10, 2007, AT&T had altered the terms and conditions for its Internet service to explicitly support freedom of expression by its subscribers, after an outcry claiming the company had given itself the right to censor its subscribers' transmissions.WEB, Martin H. Bosworth,weblink AT&T Changes Terms Of Service After Outcry, Consumeraffairs.com, November 28, 2011, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120102012925weblink">weblink January 2, 2012, Section 5.1 of AT&T's new terms of service now reads "AT&T respects freedom of expression and believes it is a foundation of our free society to express differing points of view. AT&T will not terminate, disconnect or suspend service because of the views you or we express on public policy matters, political issues or political campaigns."WEB,weblink AT&T Legal Policy, Att.net, May 2, 2011, November 28, 2011,

    Privacy controversy

    File:Page9-SER klein exhibits.jpg|thumb|Diagram of how alleged wiretapping worked. From EFF court filings]]{{further|NSA call database|Mark Klein|NSA warrantless surveillance controversy|Hepting v. AT&T}}In 2006, the Electronic Frontier Foundation lodged a class action lawsuit, Hepting v. AT&T, which alleged that AT&T had allowed agents of the National Security Agency (NSA) to monitor phone and Internet communications of AT&T customers without warrants. If true, this would violate the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 and the First and Fourth Amendments of the U.S. Constitution. AT&T has yet to confirm or deny that monitoring by the NSA is occurring. In April 2006, a retired former AT&T technician, Mark Klein, lodged an affidavit supporting this allegation.Nakashima, Ellen, "A Story of Surveillance", Washington Post, November 7, 2007NEWS, Singel, Ryan, Whistle-Blower Outs NSA Spy Room, Wired, April 7, 2006,weblink September 29, 2007, The Department of Justice has stated it will intervene in this lawsuit by means of State Secrets Privilege.PRESS RELEASE, Government Moves to Intervene in AT&T Surveillance Case, Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), April 28, 2006,weblink September 29, 2007,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070929123042weblink">weblink September 29, 2007, yes, mdy-all, In July 2006, the United States District Court for the Northern District of California – in which the suit was filed – rejected a federal government motion to dismiss the case. The motion to dismiss, which invoked the State Secrets Privilege, had argued that any court review of the alleged partnership between the federal government and AT&T would harm national security. The case was immediately appealed to the Ninth Circuit. It was dismissed on June 3, 2009, citing retroactive legislation in the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.{{Citation needed|date=March 2013}} Arshad Mohammed, Washington Post. "Judge Declines to Dismiss Lawsuit Against AT&T." Jul 21, 2006. Retrieved Jan 4, 2018.In May 2006, USA Today reported that all international and domestic calling records had been handed over to the National Security Agency by AT&T, Verizon, SBC, and BellSouth for the purpose of creating a massive calling database.NEWS, Cauley, Leslie, NSA has massive database of Americans' phone calls, USA Today, May 11, 2006,weblink September 29, 2007,
    The portions of the new AT&T that had been part of SBC Communications before November 18, 2005, were not mentioned.
    On June 21, 2006, the San Francisco Chronicle reported that AT&T had rewritten rules on its privacy policy. The policy, which took effect June 23, 2006, says that "AT&T – not customers – owns customers' confidential info and can use it 'to protect its legitimate business interests, safeguard others, or respond to legal process.'"NEWS, Lazarus, David, AT&T Rewrites Rules: Your Data Isn't Yours, San Francisco Chronicle, June 21, 2006,weblink September 29, 2007,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20071112225858weblink">weblink November 12, 2007, no, On August 22, 2007, National Intelligence Director Mike McConnell confirmed that AT&T was one of the telecommunications companies that assisted with the government's warrantless wire-tapping program on calls between foreign and domestic sources.NEWS, Shrader, Katherine, Spy Chief Reveals Classified Surveillance Details, Associated Press, August 22, 2007,weblink September 29, 2007,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070913003015weblink">weblink September 13, 2007, no, On November 8, 2007, Mark Klein, a former AT&T technician, told Keith Olbermann of MSNBC that all Internet traffic passing over AT&T lines was copied into a locked room at the company's San Francisco office – to which only employees with National Security Agency clearance had access.WEB, Olbermann, Keith, Whistleblower Saw AT&T Assist Bush Administration, MSNBC, November 8, 2007,weblink November 10, 2007,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20071110231322weblink">weblink November 10, 2007, no, AT&T keeps for five to seven years a record of who text messages whom and the date and time, but not the content of the messages.NEWS, Peter, Svensson, Document Shows How Phone Cos. Treat Private Data,weblink T-Mobile USA doesn't keep any information on Web browsing activity. Verizon, on the other hand, keeps some information for up to a year that can be used to ascertain if a particular phone visited a particular Web site. According to the sheet, Sprint Nextel Corp.'s Virgin Mobile brand keeps the text content of text messages for three months. Verizon keeps it for three to five days. None of the other carriers keep texts at all, but they keep records of who texted who for more than a year. The document says AT&T keeps for five to seven years a record of who text messages who —and when, but not the content of the messages. Virgin Mobile only keeps that data for two to three months., September 29, 2011, May 13, 2019, AT&T has a one star privacy rating from the Electronic Frontier Foundation.WEB,weblink Who Has Your Back? Government Data Requests 2017, 2017-07-10,

    Intellectual property filtering

    In January 2008, the company reported plans to begin filtering all Internet traffic which passes through its network for intellectual property violations.WEB,weblink Has AT&T Lost Its Mind? A baffling proposal to filter the Internet, Tim, Wu, January 16, 2008, Slate,
    Commentators in the media have speculated that if this plan is implemented, it would lead to a mass exodus of subscribers leaving AT&T,WEB,weblink AT&T's Proposed Filtering Policy Is Bad News – Netiquette – MSNBC.com, MSNBC, January 25, 2008, November 28, 2011, although this is misleading as Internet traffic may go through the company's network anyway. Internet freedom proponents used these developments as justification for government-mandated network neutrality.

    Discrimination against local Public-access television channels

    AT&T is accused by community media groups of discriminating against local Public, educational, and government access (PEG) cable TV channels, by "impictions that will severely restrict the audience".(March 9, 2009) "AT&T Accused of Discriminating Against Local Public Access Channels, Deadline for Public Comment Expires Tonight", Democracy Now!. Retrieved March 13, 2009.According to Barbara Popovic, Executive Director of the Chicago public-access service CAN-TV, the new AT&T U-verse system forces all Public-access television into a special menu system, denying normal functionality such as channel numbers, access to the standard program guide, and DVR recording. The Ratepayer Advocates division of the California Public Utilities Commission reported: "Instead of putting the stations on individual channels, AT&T has bundled community stations into a generic channel that can only be navigated through a complex and lengthy process."Sue Buske (president of telecommunications consulting firm the Buske Group and a former head of the National Federation of Local Cable Programmers/Alliance for Community Media) argue that this is "an overall attack [...] on public access across the [United States], the place in the dial around cities and communities where people can make their own media in their own communities".

    Information security

    In June 2010, a hacker group known as Goatse Security discovered a vulnerability within AT&T that could allow anyone to uncover email addresses belonging to customers of AT&T 3G service for the Apple iPad.NEWS, 'Brute force' script snatched iPad e-mail addresses, Gregg, Keizer, Computerworld, June 10, 2010,weblink September 18, 2010, These email addresses could be accessed without a protective password.NEWS, iPad e-mail hackers defend attack as 'ethical', 2, Gregg, Keizer, Computerworld, June 11, 2010,weblink September 25, 2010, Using a script, Goatse Security collected thousands of email addresses from AT&T. Goatse Security informed AT&T about the security flaw through a third party.NEWS, iPad e-mail hackers defend attack as 'ethical', 1, Gregg, Keizer, Computerworld, June 11, 2010,weblink September 25, 2010, Goatse Security then disclosed around 114,000 of these emails to Gawker Media, which published an article about the security flaw and disclosure in Valleywag. Praetorian Security Group criticized the web application that Goatse Security exploited as "poorly designed".In April 2015, AT&T was fined $25 million over data security breaches, marking the largest ever fine issued by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for breaking data privacy laws. The investigation revealed the theft of details of approximately 280,000 people from call centres in Mexico, Colombia and the Philippines.NEWS,weblink AT&T pays record $25m fine over customer data thefts, 2015-04-09, WEB,weblink F.C.C. Fines AT&T $25 Million for Privacy Breach, New York Times, 2015-04-08,

    Accusations of enabling fraud

    {{unbalanced|date=November 2016}}In March 2012, the United States federal government announced a lawsuit against AT&T. The specific accusations state that AT&T "violated the False Claims Act by facilitating and seeking federal payment for IP Relay calls by international callers who were ineligible for the service and sought to use it for fraudulent purposes. The complaint alleges that, out of fears that fraudulent call volume would drop after the registration deadline, AT&T knowingly adopted a non-compliant registration system that did not verify whether the user was located within the United States. The complaint further contends that AT&T continued to employ this system even with the knowledge that it facilitated use of IP Relay by fraudulent foreign callers, which accounted for up to 95 percent of AT&T's call volume. The government's complaint alleges that AT&T improperly billed the TRS Fund for reimbursement of these calls and received millions of dollars in federal payments as a result."WEB,weblink Welcome to the United States Department of Justice, Justice.gov, March 22, 2012, May 11, 2012,

    Racism

    On April 28, 2015, AT&T announced that it had fired Aaron Slator, President of Content and Advertising Sales, for sending racist text messages.WEB,weblink Technology and Science News — ABC News, ABC News, ABC News, Slator was also hit with a $100 million discrimination lawsuit, filed by African-American employee Knoyme King.WEB,weblink Aaron Slator, AT&T president, fired over racist text messages, The Washingtion Times, The day before that, protesters arrived at AT&T's headquarters in Dallas and its satellite offices in Los Angeles as well as at the home of CEO Randall Stephenson to protest alleged systemic racial policies. According to accounts, the protesters are demanding AT&T begin working with 100% black-owned media companies.WEB,weblink Protesters Picket AT&T CEO's Dallas Estate, CNN iReport,

    Trademark violation

    In June 2016, Citigroup sued AT&T for trademark infringement, false designation of origin, and unfair competition. The company had recently established a loyalty program under the brand AT&T Thanks, which Citigroup claims would cause consumer confusion as an infringement of its "ThankYou" and "Citi ThankYou" marks due to similar wording and visual design. Citi, which also provides a co-branded credit card for AT&T that links with its ThankYou rewards program, sought unspecified damages and the expungement of AT&T's trademark registration.WEB, Citigroup trademarks "THANKYOU" and sues AT&T for thanking clients,weblink Ars Technica, June 16, 2016, WEB, Citigroup Sues AT&T Over Right to Say 'Thanks' to Customers,weblink Bloomberg, June 17, 2016, The suit was dismissed in August 2016, with a judge ruling that there was a low likelihood of confusion between the two marks because the companies fall within different industries, and that consumers who use loyalty programs would be able to "clearly take into account the attributes associated with the products they purchase" and, thus, be able to distinguish them.WEB, AT&T beats Citi challenge over saying 'thanks' to customers,weblink The New York Post, August 16, 2016,

    Naming rights and sponsorships

    Buildings

    File:Att-midtown-center-atlanta.jpg|thumb|AT&T Midtown Center in AtlantaAtlanta

    Venues

    File:Texasdd.JPG|thumb|AT&T Center in San AntonioSan Antonio

    Sponsorships

    See also

    {{columns-list|colwidth=400px|rules=yes| }}

    References

    External links

    {{Commons category|AT&T}}
    Corporate information
    {{Finance links| name = AT&T| symbol = T| sec_cik = T| yahoo = T| google = T}}
    • weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110830202115weblink">AT&T History and science resources at The Franklin Institute's Case Files online exhibit
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