42nd Canadian Parliament

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42nd Canadian Parliament
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{{Use mdy dates|date=October 2015}}

– present| sc2 = | scterm2 = | sc3 =| scterm3 =| sc4 =| scterm4 =| sc5 =| scterm5 =| sc6 =| scterm6 =| pm = Rt. Hon. Justin Trudeau2015-11-04}} – present| pm2 = | pmterm2 = | pm3 = | pmterm3 = | pm4 = | pmterm4 = | pm5 =| pmterm5 =| pm6 =| pmterm6 =| lo = Hon. Rona Ambrose2015-11-05}} – {{date|2017-05-27}}| lo2 = Hon. Andrew Scheer2017-05-27}} – present| lo3 =| loterm3 =| lo4 =| loterm4 =| lo5 =| loterm5 =| lo6 =| loterm6 =| ghl = Hon. Dominic LeBlanc2015-11-04}} – {{date|2016-08-19}}| ghl2 = Hon. Bardish Chagger2016-08-19}} – present| ghl3 =| ghlterm3 =| ghl4 =| ghlterm4 =| ghl5 =| ghlterm5 =| ghl6 =| ghlterm6 =| ohl = Hon. Andrew Scheer2015-11-18}} – {{date|2016-09-15}}Candice Bergen (politician)>Candice Bergen2016-09-15}} – present| ohl3 =| ohlterm3 =| ohl4 =| ohlterm4 =| ohl5 =| ohlterm5 =| ohl6 =| ohlterm6 =| ss = Hon. George Furey2015-12-03}} – present| ss2 = | ssterm2 = | ss3 =| ssterm3 =| ss4 =| ssterm4 =| ss5 =| ssterm5 =| ss6 =| ssterm6 =| gsr = yesPeter Harder (politician)>Peter Harder2016-03-18}} – present| gsl2 = | gslterm2 = | gsl3 = | gslterm3 = | gsl4 =| gslterm4 =| gsl5 =| gslterm5 =| gsl6 =| gslterm6 =| osl = Hon. Claude Carignan2015-11-04}} – {{date|2017-03-31}}Larry Smith (Canadian politician)>Larry Smith2017-04-01}} – present| osl3 =| oslterm3 =| osl4 =| oslterm4 =| osl5 =| oslterm5 =| osl6 =| oslterm6 =Liberal Party of Canada>Liberal Party*Conservative Party of Canada>Conservative PartyNew Democratic Party (Canada)>New Democratic PartyQuébec debout {{small>(June – September 2018)}}| unrecparty2 = Bloc QuébécoisGreen Party of Canada>Green PartyCo-operative Commonwealth Federation>Co-operative CommonwealthPeople's Party of Canada>People's Party| partyfootnote1 = House members and Senators sit in separate caucuses.2015-12-03}}| sessionend = present| sessionbegin2 = | sessionend2 = | sessionbegin3 = | sessionend3 = | sessionbegin4 = | sessionend4 = | sessionbegin5 = | sessionend5 = | sessionbegin6 = | sessionend6 =| ministry = 29th Canadian Ministry2015-11-04}}| ministryend = present| lastparl = 41st| nextparl = 43rd| monarch = HM Elizabeth II1952-02-06}} – present| viceroy = HE Rt. Hon. David Johnston2010-10-01}} – {{date|2017-10-02}}| viceroy2 = HE Rt. Hon. Julie Payette2017-10-02}} – present}}The 42nd Canadian Parliament is the current Parliament of Canada, with the membership of its Lower House, the House of Commons of Canada, having been determined by the results of the 2015 federal election held on October 19, 2015, and with at least seven new appointees to its Upper House, the Senate of Canada, on the Constitutional advice of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to Governor General David Johnston.NEWS, Justin Trudeau names seven new senators,weblink Joanna Smith, Toronto Star, 18 March 2016, 30 April 2016, Parliament officially resumed on December 3, 2015, with the election of a new Speaker, Geoff Regan, followed by a Speech from the Throne the following day. The current Speaker of the Senate of Canada is George Furey, who was appointed Speaker of the Canadian Senate on the Constitutional advice of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, to replace Leo Housakos, on December 3, 2015.NEWS, George Furey named new Speaker of the Senate,weblink Leslie Young, Global Television Network, 3 December 2015, 30 April 2016,

Party standings

{{Canadian politics}}{{Current Canadian Parliament standings}}


Among the more significant pieces of legislation adopted in the 42nd Parliament was Bill C-14, passed with a free vote, as the government's response to Carter v Canada; it inserted the term "medical assistance in dying" into the Criminal Code and made provisions for adult Canadians to engage in the practice.NEWS, We can't debate the new law without data, Picard, Andre, The Globe and Mail, September 13, 2016, A13, Bill C-16 added "gender identity or expression" to the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination in the Canadian Human Rights Act and the list of characteristics of identifiable groups protected from hate propaganda in the Criminal Code - with only 40 Conservative Party members, who were all granted a free vote, opposed the bill.WEB,weblink The Globe and Mail, Canada shows leadership in advancing human rights, John, Ibbitson, June 15, 2017, May 31, 2019, With all party support, the Accessible Canada Act (Bill C-81) created the Canadian Accessibility Standards Development Organization and the positions of Accessibility Commissioner as a member of the Human Rights Commission and Chief Accessibility Officer as an adviser to the minister responsible for accessibility.WEB,weblink Legislative Summary of Bill C-81: An Act to ensure a barrier-free Canada, Library of Parliament, March 26, 2019, July 5, 2019, Brendan, Naef, Mayra, Perez-Leclerc, The Cannabis Act (Bill C-45) created a legal framework that allows for recreational use of cannabis by adults. Bill C-69 repealed and replaced the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act and the National Energy Board Act with the Impact Assessment Act and the Canadian Energy Regulator Act, respectively, and renamed the Navigation Protection Act to the Canadian Navigable Waters Act with new considerations for what constitutes 'navigable water'.WEB,weblink Government Bill (House of Commons) C-69 (42-1) - Royal Assent - An Act to enact the Impact Assessment Act and the Canadian Energy Regulator Act, to amend the Navigation Protection Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts - Parliament of Canada,, June 29, 2019, With only the Conservative Party opposed, Bill C-55 amended the Oceans Act to require the use of the precautionary principle in establishing a marine protected areas and added the maintenance of ecological integrity as a reason for their establishment.WEB,weblink Environment and economy face off in battle over marine-protection bill, iPolitics, Holly, Lake, November 9, 2018, May 31, 2019, In November 2018 Bill C-89 ended a strike action by employees of Canada Post.WEB,weblink House passes back-to-work legislation to end Canada Post strike, CTV News, Rachel, Aiello, November 23, 2018, December 13, 2018, In modernizing existing legislation, the Transportation Modernization Act (Bill C-49) amended the Canada Transportation Act to, among other things, implement long-haul interswitching as a permanent mechanism in the rail industry, exclude revenue from interswitching and from the movement of grain in containers on flatcars from Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway's maximum revenue entitlement,; require railway companies to keep up-to-date plans for each of their railway lines and to publicly report on their abilities to move a given summer's grain crop along with a winter contingency plans, raise the foreign ownership limits for Canadian airlines from 25% to 49% of an airline's voting interest with the new rule that no single foreign investor may own more than 25%, expand the review of joint ventures in the airline industry to also include the public interest and fair competition practices; the bill also amended several other transportation-related acts including the CN Commercialization Act to increase the individual ownership limit in Canadian National Railway from 15% to 25%, and the Railway Safety Act to require the installation of locomotive voice and video recorders onto trains.WEB,weblink Legislative Summary of Bill C-49: An Act to amend the Canada Transportation Act and other Acts respecting transportation and to make related and consequential amendments to other Acts, Library of Parliament, August 4, 2017, July 5, 2019, Jed, Chong, Zackery, Shaver, Nicole, Sweeney, WEB,weblink CN Rail to buy hundreds of grain cars as new transportation bill becomes law, Ross, Marowits, The Globe and Mail, May 23, 2018, May 29, 2018, Bill C-23 repealed the Preclearance Act, 1999 and replaced it with the Preclearance Act, 2016WEB,weblink Protesters say new border law is 'draconian', CBC News, December 16, 2017, July 17, 2018, Bill C-59 modernized national security matters by adopting four new acts titled the National Security and Intelligence Review Agency Act, the Avoiding Complicity in Mistreatment by Foreign Entities Act and the Intelligence Commissioner Act and Communications Security Establishment Act, in addition to making amendments to the Canadian Security Intelligence Service Act, Security of Canada Information Sharing Act and Secure Air Travel Act.WEB,weblink Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale discusses national security priorities, Global News, Jonathan, Guignard, January 15, 2019, July 22, 2019, Bill C-25 variously amended the Canada Business Corporations Act, Canada Cooperatives Act, and Canada Not‑for‑profit Corporations Act to, among other things, allow more online tools to be used to disseminate required information to shareholders in notice and access systems, to require certain types of corporations to disclose to shareholders the composition of their boards and senior management, as well as their diversity policies or the statement that they do not have a diversity policy. The bill also prohibited businesses from issuing bearer forms of share certificates and share warrants and modified how directors of certain corporations and cooperatives are elected: that they must be elected individually, not as a slate or a group of candidates, and reduce maximum term lengths from 3 to 1 years.WEB,weblink Legislative Summary of Bill C-25: An Act to amend the Canada Business Corporations Act, the Canada Cooperatives Act, the Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Act, and the Competition Act, Library of Parliament, June 28, 2018, July 21, 2019, Francis, Lord, Brett, Capstick, Bill C-57 updated how Canada's Sustainable Development Strategy is implemented.WEB,weblink Sustainable development strategy bill receives Royal Assent, March 1, 2019, April 19, 2019, iPolitics, Marco, Vigliotti, Bill C-78 updated the Divorce Act and two other related acts, as well as brought them in line with international standards of the Child Protection Convention and Child Support Convention.WEB,weblink Legislative Summary of Bill C-78: An Act to amend the Divorce Act, the Family Orders and Agreements Enforcement Assistance Act and the Garnishment, Attachment and Pension Diversion Act and to make consequential amendments to another Act, Library of Parliament, April 19, 2019, July 5, 2019, Karine, Azoulay, Alexandra, Smith, Nicole, Sweeney, On public safety and crime, Bill C-46 inserted new provisions into the Criminal Code regarding drug–impaired driving and the ability of peace officers to use drug screening equipment and random breath testing.WEB,weblink New driving legislation will mean more breathalyzer tests: Edmonton police, Global News, May 31, 2019, December 18, 2018, Adam, Brilz, On animal cruelty, Bill C-84 expanded the Criminal Code's provisions against cockpits to include any "arena for animal fighting" and in response to the Supreme Court of Canada findings in R. v. D.L.W., added a definition for bestiality.WEB,weblink Legislative Summary of Bill C-84: An Act to amend the Criminal Code (bestiality and animal fighting), Library of Parliament, December 28, 2018, July 5, 2019, Julian, Walker, Bill C-75, generally seeking to address court delays and promote fair and efficient trails but also included multiple other amendments, removed the allowance of peremptory challenge, allowed warrants to be acted upon anywhere in Canada rather than only in its originating province, added new provisions for videoconference by judges and court participants, restricted the use of preliminary inquiries to only cases involving offences punishable by life imprisonment, reclassified an additional 115 offenses as hybrid offenses so that they may be prosecuted either as summary convictions or as indictable offences, increased the maximum penalty for summary convictions to two years imprisonment, and deleted or amended offenses from the Criminal Code that the Supreme Court found to be unconstitutional (abortion in R v Morgentaler, vagrancy in R v Heywood, spreading false news in R v Zundel, anal intercourse in R v CM, and those offenses in R v Martineau).WEB,weblink Legislative Summary of Bill C‑75: An Act to amend the Criminal Code, the Youth Criminal Justice Act and other Acts and to make consequential amendments to other Acts, Library of Parliament, December 7, 2018, July 5, 2019, Laura, Barnett, Maxime, Charron‑Tousignant, Tanya, Dupuis, Bill C-51 repealed or modified provisions within the Criminal Code found to be unconstitutional or obsolete, including those against dueling, blasphemous libel, witchcraft, crime comics and trading stampsWEB,weblink An unconscious person can't consent to sex, Liberals confirm in Criminal Code cleanup, CBC News, Kathleen, Harris, June 6, 2017, December 14, 2018, and, in response to R v JA, clarified that an unconscious person is unable to grant consent to sexual activity.WEB,weblink Despite appeals from women's groups, Liberals reject Senate amendments to bill on sexual consent, National Post, Brian, Platt, December 11, 2018, December 14, 2018, WEB,weblink Government Bill (House of Commons) C-51 (42-1) - Third Reading - An Act to amend the Criminal Code and the Department of Justice Act and to make consequential amendments to another Act - Parliament of Canada,, The Expungement of Historically Unjust Convictions Act (Bill C-66) allows the Parole Board of Canada to expunge historical convictions related to gross indecency, buggery or anal intercourse.WEB,weblink Government Bill (House of Commons) C-66 (42-1) - Royal Assent - Expungement of Historically Unjust Convictions Act - Parliament of Canada,, WEB, Bill C-66: Political expediency is producing a flawed bill,weblink The Globe and Mail, December 12, 2017, June 25, 2018, Steven, Maynard, Bill C-93 created a process in the Criminal Records Act to allow individuals convicted of possession of cannabis before its legalization to request a record suspension.WEB,weblink Canadians can soon get quick, free pot pardons — but pros expect modest uptake, CBC News, June 22, 2019, Kathleen, Harris, June 29, 2019, Partially in response to recent court decisions on solitary confinement and the recommendations of the Ashley Smith inquest, Bill C-83 replaced the system of administrative and disciplinary segregation in federal prisons with "structured intervention units".WEB,weblink Senate passes government's solitary confinement reform bill,, June 21, 2019, June 28, 2019, Marco, Vigliotti, Bill C-71 amended the Firearms Act to delete the 5-year limitation on background checks, mandate that sellers verify a licence before selling a non‑restricted firearm, require sellers to maintain records of sales, require that automatic authorization to transport documents specify destinations and repeals the Governor in Council's ability to reclassify specific firearms between restricted and non-restricted.WEB,weblink What gun owners need to know about Ottawa's new firearms bill, CBC News, John Paul, Tasker, June 29, 2019, September 22, 2018, Bill C-71 also undid the provisions in the Economic Action Plan 2015 Act, No. 1 exempting the Ending the Long‑gun Registry Act from the Privacy Act, Access to Information Act and the Library and Archives of Canada Act; and allows Quebec access to the Canadian Firearms Registry Data as requested in Quebec (AG) v Canada (AG).WEB,weblink Legislative Summary of Bill C-71: An Act to amend certain Acts and Regulations in relation to firearms, Library of Parliament, December 11, 2018, June 29, 2019, Responding to other legislation adopted during the previous parliament, Bill C-37, removed some of the obstacles to supervised injection sites that the previous parliament's Respect for Communities Act had put in place and replaced the previous government's National Anti-Drug Strategy with the new Canadian Drugs and Substances Strategy, mostly centered on the opioid epidemic.WEB,weblink Legislative Summary of Bill C-37: An Act to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act and to make related amendments to other Acts, Library of Parliament, March 17, 2017, June 30, 2019, Robin, MacKay, NEWS, Streamlined injection-site conditions become law, Woo, Andrea, The Globe and Mail,weblink May 18, 2017, May 19, 2017, Bill C-6 amended or repealed parts of the previous parliament's Strengthening Canadian Citizenship Act including the ability to revoke citizenship based on national security, the requirement that applicants for citizenship aged 14 to 18 and 55 to 64 to prove adequate knowledge Canada and of an official language, the residency requirement increase from three years to four years, the disallowance of time spent as temporary resident as contributing to the residency requirement, and the condition of citizenship that the applicant must intend to reside in Canada.WEB,weblink Legislative Summary of Bill C-6: An Act to amend the Citizenship Act and to make consequential amendments to another Act, Library of Parliament, February 8, 2018, July 5, 2019, Sandra, Elgersma, Julie, Béchard, Bill C-6 kept, but modified or expanded, Strengthening Canadian Citizenship Act{{'}}s prohibition that time spent imprisoned does not contribute to the residency requirement, that an imprisoned applicant may not be granted citizenship, and that citizenship applicants must file tax returns during their residency requirement. In addition to adding a purpose statement to the Fisheries Act, Bill C-68 restored the provision against the harmful alteration, disruption or destruction of fish habitat that the Jobs, Growth and Long-term Prosperity Act had deleted.WEB,weblink Legislative Summary of Bill C-68: An Act to amend the Fisheries Act and other Acts in consequence, Library of Parliament, June 19, 2018, June 30, 2019, Daniele, Lafrance, WEB,weblink Legislation increasing protection for fish and habitat clears Senate, CBC News, June 8, 2019, June 30, 2019, Paul, Withers, Bill C-4WEB,weblink Government Bill (House of Commons) C-4 (42-1) - Royal Assent - An Act to amend the Canada Labour Code, the Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act, the Public Service Labour Relations Act and the Income Tax Act - Parliament of Canada,, repealed two private member bills adopted in the last parliament concerning union voting and financial reporting. Preparing for the 2016 Census, and in response to the previous government's involvement in the 2011 Census, Bill C-36WEB,weblink Government Bill (House of Commons) C-36 (42-1) - Royal Assent - An Act to amend the Statistics Act - Parliament of Canada,, amended the Statistics Act to provide more independence to the Chief Statistician, remove imprisonment as a penalty for not responding to a census, and replacing the National Statistics Council with the Canadian Statistics Advisory Council. Bills C-17 and C-88 amended the previous parliament's Yukon and Nunavut Regulatory Improvement Act and the Northwest Territories Oil and Gas Operations Act, respectively, to address certain objections to the previous legislation.WEB,weblink Government Bill (House of Commons) C-17 (42-1) - Royal Assent - An Act to amend the Yukon Environmental and Socio-economic Assessment Act and to make a consequential amendment to another Act - Parliament of Canada,, WEB,weblink Bill to scrap plan for N.W.T. 'superboard' one step closer to becoming law, CBC News, Hillary, Bird, May 31, 2019, June 28, 2019, Bill C-62WEB,weblink Government Bill (House of Commons) C-62 (42-1) - Royal Assent - An Act to amend the Federal Public Sector Labour Relations Act and other Acts - Parliament of Canada,, restored or addressed changes made by the previous parliament to the Federal Public Sector Labour Relations Act regarding the determination of essential services, the ability to select between arbitration and conciliation to resolve collective bargaining disputes, and matters related to sick and disability leave.Following through with international agreements, Bill C-11 implemented the Marrakesh VIP Treaty,WEB,weblink CNIB applauds Government of Canada's push to ratify Marrakesh Treaty, CNIB, March 24, 2016, May 18, 2017, Bill C-13 implemented the Bali Package,WEB,weblink Government Bill (House of Commons) C-13 (42-1) - Royal Assent - An Act to amend the Food and Drugs Act, the Hazardous Products Act, the Radiation Emitting Devices Act, the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, the Pest Control Products Act and the Canada Consumer Product Safety Act and to make related amendments to another Act - Parliament of Canada,, Bill C-64 implemented the Wreck Removal Convention,WEB,weblink Derelict and abandoned vessels legislation introduced, North Shore News, November 3, 2017, Ben, Bengtson, February 28, 2019, Bill C-82 implemented the BEPS multilateral instrument,WEB,weblink Tax treaties bill set to become law,, June 18, 2019, June 29, 2019, Marco, Vigliotti, and Bill C-31 implemented the Canada–Ukraine Free Trade Agreement,WEB,weblink Government Bill (House of Commons) C-31 (42-1) - Royal Assent - Canada-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act - Parliament of Canada,, all with unanimous consent, while the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (Bill C-30)WEB,weblink Government Bill (House of Commons) C-30 (42-1) - Royal Assent - Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement Implementation Act - Parliament of Canada,, and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (Bill C-79)Bill C-79 were implemented with only Liberals and Conservatives in support. Fulfilling a condition to ending Trump tariffs on steel and aluminum, Bill C-101 suspended, until 2021, the moratorium on trade safeguards.WEB,weblink Senate moves four bills to royal assent,, June 20, 2019, June 28, 2019, Marco, Vigliotti, Further integrating the principles of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Indigenous Languages Act (Bill C-91) created the Office of the Commissioner of Indigenous Languages to support the efforts of Indigenous peoples in maintaining Indigenous languages and Bill C-92 expanded the what is considered the best interests of an Indigenous child in the provision of child and family services to include the child's traditions, customs and language.WEB,weblink Canada celebrates National Indigenous Peoples Day with new laws and a new name, CBC Radio Canada International, June 21, 2019, July 19, 2019, With only Liberal Party support, Bill C-7WEB,weblink Government Bill (House of Commons) C-7 (42-1) - Royal Assent - An Act to amend the Public Service Labour Relations Act, the Public Service Labour Relations and Employment Board Act and other Acts and to provide for certain other measures - Parliament of Canada,, was adopted as the government's response to the Supreme Court's ruling in Mounted Police Association of Ontario v. Canada (Attorney General), allowing RCMP members to have certain collective bargaining rights. Bill C-22 created the National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians.WEB,weblink CTV News, Members of national security committee of parliamentarians unveiled, November 6, 2017, June 12, 2018, Rachel, Aiello, Bill C-58 amended the Access to Information Act to insert a new purpose statement, insert in requirements to make requests, allow bad faith or vexatious requests to be refused, and require proactive publication of certain information (e.g. travel expenses, hospitality expenses, etc.)WEB,weblink Legislative Summary of Bill C-58: An Act to amend the Access to Information Act and the Privacy Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts, Library of Parliament, October 10, 2017, July 21, 2019, Chloé, Forget, Maxime-Olivier, Thibodeau, Bill C-10 amended the Air Canada Public Participation Act to expand where Air Canada's maintenance centres may be located to the general provinces of Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec, rather than the specific cities of Winnipeg, Mississauga and Montreal.WEB,weblink Legislative Summary of Bill C-10: An Act to amend the Air Canada Public Participation Act and to provide for certain other measures, Library of Parliament, April 26, 2016, July 21, 2019, Jed, Chong, With only the Conservative Party and Bloc Québécois opposed, Bill C-50WEB,weblink Government Bill (House of Commons) C-50 (42-1) - Royal Assent - An Act to amend the Canada Elections Act (political financing) - Parliament of Canada,, created new reporting requirements for political fundraising events attended by a party leader or a minister and expanded the reporting of leadership campaign expenses.NEWS,weblink Federal parties navigating 2019 under new political fundraising rules, CTV News, January 2, 2019, February 5, 2019,

Financial measures

Regarding financial measures, Bill C-2WEB,weblink Government Bill (House of Commons) C-2 (42-1) - Royal Assent - An Act to amend the Income Tax Act - Parliament of Canada,, amended the Income Tax Act to lower federal tax paid on income between $45,283 and $90,563 from 22% to 20.5% and introduce a new top tax bracket that applies a rate of 33% to a person's income in excess of $200,000.NEWS, Conservative senators move to rewrite the tax code, Curry, Bill, The Globe and Mail, November 22, 2016,weblink May 18, 2017, The bill also re-instated the $5,500 annual limit to Tax-Free Savings Account contributions which the previous parliament had raised to $10,000. Bill C-26Bill C-26 amended the Canada Pension Plan to create the Additional Canada Pension Plan Account and to increase the maximum level of pensionable earnings. The legislative changes resulting from the 2016 budget were implemented in Bill C-15WEB,weblink Government Bill (House of Commons) C-15 (42-1) - Royal Assent - Budget Implementation Act, 2016, No. 1. - Parliament of Canada,, and Bill C-29WEB,weblink Government Bill (House of Commons) C-29 (42-1) - Royal Assent - Budget Implementation Act, 2016, No. 2 - Parliament of Canada,, and included replacing the Canada Child Tax Benefit and Universal Child Care Benefit with the Canada Child Benefit, repealing the Family Tax Cut (income splitting) Credit, Education Tax Credit, Textbook Tax Credit, Children's Arts Tax Credit, Child Fitness Tax Credit, creating the School Supplies Tax Credit, exempting insulin pens, intermittent urinary catheters and feminine hygiene products from GST/HST, allowing a charity or athletic association to hold up to 20% interest in a limited partnership business, and expanding the definition of "Canadian exploration expense" to include environmental studies and community consultations conducted as a condition of obtaining a licence or permit. The Canadian Forces disability award and death benefit were raised to $360,000; the rates for Northern Residents Deduction were increased by 33%; and employment insurance benefits were temporarily extended for high unemployment areas (e.g. the northern areas of the provinces of Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and BC, the cities of Sudbury and Whitehorse, and most of the provinces of Alberta and Newfoundland and Labrador). Bill C-15 also repealed the previous parliament's Federal Balanced Budget Act and rolled back its age eligibility for the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement from 67 to 65 years old.The legislative changes resulting from the 2017 budget were implemented in Bill C-44 and Bill C-63 Among the changes was the phasing out of the Canada Savings Bond program, making commercial ride-sharing services subject to GST/HST, exempting naloxone from GST/HST, eliminating of the Public Transit Tax Credit and Investment Tax Credit for Child Care Spaces, eliminating the GST/HST rebate for non-residents using Canadian accommodations as part of a tour package, increasing the excise tax on tobacco products and tying increases of the excise tax on alcoholic products to the consumer price index, and allowing mark-to-market accounting to be used for income tax calculations in forward rate and swap agreements.WEB,weblink CBC News, Budget 2017: Hello Uber tax, goodbye transit credit, March 22, 2017, June 27, 2018, Dean, Beeby, Bill C-44 included, within it, the Canada Infrastructure Bank Act to invest directly or attract private investment in infrastructure projects that are anticipated to generate revenue and be in the public interest, and the Invest in Canada Act which created the new crown corporation called Invest in Canada Hub to promote foreign direct investment and created the Service Fees Act to replace the User Fees Act.WEB,weblink Bill Morneau digs in for standoff with Senate over budget bill, The Globe and Mail, June 15, 2017, July 5, 2018, Bill, Curry, Bill C-63 included, within it, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank Agreement Act so Canada could join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, repealed the Timber Marking Act, and created the Canadian Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act to replace the Agreement on Internal Trade Implementation Act.WEB,weblink Legislative Summary of Bill C-44: An Act to implement certain provisions of the budget tabled in Parliament on March 22, 2017 and other measures, Library of Parliament, June 15, 2017, July 21, 2019, WEB,weblink Legislative Summary of Bill C-63: A second Act to implement certain provisions of the budget tabled in Parliament on March 22, 2017 and other measures, Library of Parliament, December 15, 2017, July 21, 2019, The legislative changes resulting from the 2018 budget were implemented in Bill C-74Bill C-74 and Bill C-86.Bill C-86 Among the changes was making cannabis subject to an excise duty, requiring the excise duty on tobacco products be adjusted for inflation every year instead of every five years, reducing the small business tax rate from 10.5% to and to 9%,WEB,weblink How Budget 2018 will affect small business owners, Allan, Norman, Maclean's, February 27, 2018, February 7, 2019, removing the requirement for a risk score to Canadian Armed Forces personnel and police officers serving on international missions to qualify for tax relief on income earned while deployed, amending the Veterans Well-being Act to merge four benefit programs to create the new Income Replacement Benefit and replacing the Disability Award with a new 'pain and suffering compensation', renaming the 'Working Income Tax Benefit' to the 'Canada Workers Benefit' while increasing its rate from 25% to 26%, expanding the Medical Expense Tax Credit to cover the costs of caring for a service animal benefiting those living with a severe mental impairment,WEB,weblink Canada's 2019 tax season: 4 things you need to know, Erica, Alini, Global News, January 25, 2019, February 7, 2019, extending the Mineral Exploration Tax Credit by one year, extending the accelerated capital cost allowance program for clean energy generation and energy conservation equipment to 2025, expanding who is subject to Tax-on-Split-Income rules,WEB,weblink Income-sprinkling tax changes a windfall for government, budget watchdog says, Bill, Curry, The Globe and Mail, March 8, 2018, February 7, 2019, creates the office of the Chief Information Officer of Canada, extends the provincial equalization payments program program to 2024, and inserted provisions for deferred prosecution agreements into the Criminal Code.WEB,weblink Federal budget bill quietly proposes tool to ease penalties for corporate crime, Andy, Blatchford, May 15, 2018, February 8, 2019, CBC News (The Canadian Press), Bill C-74 included, within it, the Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act which created a carbon price (i.e. a fuel charge and a fee on industrial emissions) in provinces where such a carbon price does not exist.WEB,weblink Canada passed a carbon tax that will give most Canadians more money, Dana, Nuccitelli, The Guardian, October 26, 2018, February 7, 2019,

Private member bills

Ten private member bills received royal assent, with only Bill C-210 not receiving unanimous support:
  • Mauril Bélanger's An Act to amend the National Anthem Act (gender) (Bill C-210) replaces the words "in all thy sons command" to "in all of us command" in the English version of the national anthem,WEB,weblink CBC News, February 7, 2018, May 30, 2019, O Canada now officially gender neutral after bill receives royal assent, John Paul, Tasker,
  • Todd Doherty's Federal Framework on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Act (Bill C-211) requires the Minister of Health to prepare a framework for tracking incidence rates and for establishing guidelines for diagnosing, treating and managing post-traumatic stress disorder,WEB,weblink CTV News, June 14, 2018, May 30, 2019, Senate passes bill to create PTSD strategy, sponsor hopes it curbs suicides, Rachel, Aiello,
  • Ron McKinnon's Good Samaritan Drug Overdose Act (Bill C-224) amends the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act to provide immunity from drug possession charges when seeking help to address an overdose,WEB,weblink CBC News, May 4, 2017, May 30, 2019, New law aims to reduce drug deaths by encouraging people to report overdoses, John, Cotter,
  • Rob Nicholson's National Strategy for Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias Act (Bill C-233) requires the Minister of Health develop and implement a national strategy to address aspects of dementia in the healthcare system,NEWS, Dementia strategy gains Liberal support: Health Minister signals Ottawa's intention to back Conservative bill to enact national plan to help care for people with the symptoms, Stone, Laura, The Globe and Mail, November 16, 2016, A11,
  • Darren Fisher's National Strategy for Safe and Environmentally Sound Disposal of Lamps Containing Mercury Act (Bill C-238) requires the Minister of the Environment develop a national strategy for the disposal tube and compact fluorescent light bulbs,WEB,weblink Global News, June 26, 2017, May 30, 2019, Canada to develop national strategy on disposing light bulbs containing mercury, Steve, Silva,
  • Marilyn Gladu's Framework on Palliative Care in Canada Act (Bill C-277) requires the Minister of Health prepare a framework for improving access and delivery of palliative care,WEB,weblink CBC News, December 12, 2017, May 30, 2019, Federal end-of-life health bill to improve care for dying Canadians,
  • Chandra Arya's An Act to amend the Criminal Code (mischief) (Bill C-305) expands the scope of the Criminal Code provisions relating to acts of mischief motivated by hate on religious property to also cover educational institutions, community centres, sports or recreational facilities and a residence for seniors,NEWS, Ottawa Sun, November 21, 2016, Mp Battles Hate-Based Graffiti, Kady, O'Malley, A5,
  • Sven Spengemann's Gender Equality Week Act (Bill C-309) names the fourth week in September in every year Gender Equality Week,WEB,weblink Kelowna Now, September 23, 2018, May 30, 2019, Gender Equality Week is being celebrated for the 1st time in Canada, Megan, Trudeau,
  • Colin Fraser's An Act to amend the Holidays Act (Remembrance Day) (Bill C-311) adds the word legal to the act.NEWS, The Chronicle Herald, Remembrance Day a legal holiday; But it doesn't mean workers get the day off, Gunn, Andrea, Halifax, Nova Scotia, November 10, 2018, A8,
  • Sukh Dhaliwal's Sikh Heritage Month Act (Bill C-376) names April of every year Sikh Heritage Month.WEB,weblink The Times of India, May 4, 2019, May 30, 2019, Canada becomes first country to celebrate Sikh Heritage Month, Yudhvir, Rana,

Senate bills

On behalf of the government, senate government bills included the Strengthening Motor Vehicle Safety for Canadians Act (Bill S-2)WEB,weblink Government Bill (Senate) S-2 (42-1) - Royal Assent - Strengthening Motor Vehicle Safety for Canadians Act - Parliament of Canada,, which amended the Motor Vehicle Safety Act to allow the Minister of Transport to order a motor vehicle company to issue a recall, rather than allow the process to be at the manufacturer's discretion; Bill S-3WEB,weblink Government Bill (Senate) S-3 (42-1) - Royal Assent - An Act to amend the Indian Act in response to the Superior Court of Quebec decision in Descheneaux c. Canada (Procureur général) - Parliament of Canada,, which amended the Indian Act as the government's response to a Quebec Superior Court ruling finding sex-based inequities in the Indian Register to be contrary to the Charter of Rights and Freedoms; Bills S-4WEB,weblink Government Bill (Senate) S-4 (42-1) - Royal Assent - Tax Convention and Arrangement Implementation Act, 2016 - Parliament of Canada,, and S-6 which implemented tax treaties with Israel, Taiwan and Madagascar; and Bill S-5WEB,weblink Government Bill (Senate) S-5 (42-1) - Royal Assent - An Act to amend the Tobacco Act and the Non-smokers' Health Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts - Parliament of Canada,, renamed the Tobacco Act to the Tobacco and Vaping Products ActWEB,weblink CBC News, Parliament passes plain tobacco packaging law, regulates vaping, John Paul, Tasker, May 16, 2018, June 3, 2018, and introduced provisions relating to vaping products, such as a prohibition to selling or marketing to minors, plain packaging requirements and restrictions on advertising. Among the other bills initiated in the senate that were adopted by the parliament, Bill S-208WEB,weblink Public Bill (Senate) S-208 (42-1) - Royal Assent - National Seal Products Day Act - Parliament of Canada,, made May 20 of each year National Seal Products Day,NEWS,weblink Canada will celebrate its first National Seal Products Day this Saturday, Sara, Frizzell, CBC News, May 17, 2017, May 19, 2018, Bill S-211WEB,weblink Public Bill (Senate) S-211 (42-1) - Royal Assent - National Sickle Cell Awareness Day Act - Parliament of Canada,, made June 19 of each year National Sickle Cell Awareness Day, Bill S-218WEB,weblink Public Bill (Senate) S-218 (42-1) - Royal Assent - Latin American Heritage Month Act - Parliament of Canada,, made October of every year Latin American Heritage Month, Bill S-232WEB,weblink Public Bill (Senate) S-232 (42-1) - Royal Assent - Canadian Jewish Heritage Month Act - Parliament of Canada,, made May of every year Canadian Jewish Heritage Month, and Bill S-236WEB,weblink Public Bill (Senate) S-236 (42-1) - Royal Assent - Recognition of Charlottetown as the Birthplace of Confederation Act - Parliament of Canada,, simply states Charlottetown is the birthplace of Confederation. Other Senate public bills included the Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials Act (Sergei Magnitsky Law)WEB,weblink Public Bill (Senate) S-226 (42-1) - Royal Assent - Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials Act (Sergei Magnitsky Law) - Parliament of Canada,, which allows the Governor-in-Council to seize property situated in Canada of a foreign national believed to be involved in extrajudicial killings or violations of internationally recognized human rights, and the Journalistic Sources Protection Act (Bill S-231)WEB,weblink Public Bill (Senate) S-231 (42-1) - Royal Assent - Journalistic Sources Protection Act - Parliament of Canada,, which allows journalists to object to an order to reveal a source of information and have the objection weighed by a court judge in light of public interest and rights to privacy. The Genetic Non-Discrimination Act (Bill S-201)WEB,weblink Public Bill (Senate) S-201 (42-1) - Royal Assent - Genetic Non-Discrimination Act - Parliament of Canada,, was adopted with the Conservative Party, NDP and Green Party in favour; Liberal Party members were granted a free vote though the prime-minister urged members to oppose the bill, as presented, based on concerns of inconsistency with the Constitution.WEB,weblink Canada's new genetic privacy law is causing huge headaches for Justin Trudeau, Wayne, Kondro, March 10, 2017, June 14, 2017, American Association for the Advancement of Science, The act makes it a criminal offence to require an individual to undergo a genetic test, or to disclose the results of such a test, as a condition of providing goods or services, with exceptions for health care practitioners and researchers.

Canadian Ministry

The 29th Canadian Ministry began with the 42nd Parliament and was sworn in by Gov. Gen. David Johnston on November 4, 2015. It was the first Cabinet of Canada to have an equal number of men and women. Prime Minister Trudeau appointed Bill Morneau to be Minister of Finance, Jody Wilson-Raybould as Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, Jane Philpott as Minister of Health, Catherine McKenna as Minister of Environment and Climate Change, Harjit Sajjan as Minister of National Defence, and Ralph Goodale as Minister of Public Safety and Emergency PreparednessThe first change to the membership of the 29th Ministry occurred with the May 31, 2016, resignation of Hunter Tootoo as Minister of Fisheries, Oceans, and the Canadian Coast Guard so that he can sit as an independent MP; he was replaced by Dominic LeBlanc. The second change in membership came with the January 10, 2017, retirements of Foreign Affairs Minister Stéphane Dion and Immigration Minister John McCallum. The Prime Minister promoted Ahmed Hussen to replace McCallum at Immigration, and moved Chrystia Freeland from Minister of International Trade to Foreign Affairs, with François-Philippe Champagne being promoted to replace Freeland at International Trade. In that same cabinet shuffle MaryAnn Mihychuk was removed from cabinet and Karina Gould promoted to cabinet, with Patty Hajdu replacing Mihychuk as Minister of Employment, Workforce, and Labour, Maryam Monsef replacing Hajdu as Minister of Status of Women, and Gould taking over Monsef's role as Minister of Democratic Institutions.An August 28, 2017, cabinet shuffle instigated by Judy Foote, Minister of Public Services and Procurement, resigning as an MP due to health concerns, saw Foote replaced by Minister of Sport and Persons with Disabilities Carla Qualtrough, with Kent Hehr becoming Sports minister and Seamus O'Regan being promoted to take over Hehr's role as Minister of Veterans Affairs. In that same cabinet shuffle Philpott moved to the newly created Minister of Indigenous Services with Ginette Petitpas Taylor being promoted to replace Philpott as Health minister. On January 25, 2018, Hehr resigned from cabinet following accusations of inappropriate behaviourNEWS, Markusoff, Jason,weblink Maclean's, January 25, 2018, June 3, 2018, Why Kent Hehr had to go, and was replaced by Kirsty Duncan who added Hehr's role as Sports minister to her existing duties as Minister of Science.A major cabinet shuffle on July 18, 2018, saw the promotion of five MPs to cabinet with duties within several ministries shifted around. Bill Blair had the Ministry of Border Security and Organized Crime Reduction created for him from duties split off of Ahmed Hussen's portfolio. Jonathan Wilkinson took over the Minister of Fisheries, Oceans, and the Canadian Coast Guard role from Dominic LeBlanc who became Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Northern Affairs and Internal Trade, with Intergovernmental Affairs coming from Trudeau's own portfolio and Northern Affairs from Carolyn Bennett's. Pablo Rodríguez took over the Ministry of Canadian Heritage from Mélanie Joly who had the role of Minister of Tourism, Official Languages and La Francophonie created for her, taking La Francophonie from Marie-Claude Bibeau and Tourism from Bardish Chagger's portfolio. While Chagger remained Leader of the Government in the House of Commons her responsibility for Small Business went to Mary Ng who became Minister of Small Business and Export Promotion. Filomena Tassi became the Minister of Seniors, split out of Jean-Yves Duclos portfolio. Jim Carr took over Minister of International Trade Diversification from François-Philippe Champagne who took over as Minister of Infrastructure and Communities from Amarjeet Sohi who took over Carr's role as Minister of Natural Resources.A shuffle on January 14, 2019, instigated by the resignation of Scott Brison, President of the Treasury Board, saw Jane Philpott move from Minister of Indigenous Services to replace Brison, with Seamus O'Regan filling her former position and Jody Wilson-Raybould replacing him as Minister of Veterans Affairs. Both David Lametti and Bernadette Jordan were promoted to cabinet from parliamentary secretary roles; Lametti to replace Wilson-Raybould as Minister of Justice and Attorney General and Jordan to fill the new role of Minister of Rural Economic Development.WEB,weblink Justin Trudeau shuffles cabinet, Jane Philpott takes over as Treasury Board president, Toronto Star, Bruce, Campion-Smith, January 14, 2019, February 28, 2019, Amidst the SNC-Lavalin affair Wilson-Raybould and Philpott resigned their cabinet positions and were replaced by Lawrence MacAulay and Joyce Murray, respectively, with Marie-Claude Bibeau taking over MacAulay's former role as Minister of Agriculture and Maryam Monsef adding Bibeau's International Development duties to her existing duties as Minister of Status of Women.WEB,weblink CTV News, March 1, 2019, April 4, 2019, Trudeau shuffles three ministers to fill vacancy left by Wilson-Raybould,


At the beginning of the 42nd Parliament, the senate consisted of 83 members, 47 of which caucused with the Conservative Party and 29 with the Senate Liberal Caucus. The new Prime-Minister's first appointment to the senate was, in March 2016, Peter Harder to act as the Government Representative.WEB,weblink David, Moscrop, Maclean's, November 28, 2018, July 19, 2019, The Senate of Canada is up on its hind legs. Will it bite?, To move the senate towards more independence, the Prime-Minister established the Independent Advisory Board for Senate Appointments to provide merit-based recommendations. Based on their first set of recommendations, Premier Trudeau appointed 6 new senators in April, including chairman of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Murray Sinclair, former NDP provincial minister Frances Lankin, journalist André Pratte, Paralympian Chantal Petitclerc, and academics Raymonde Gagné and Ratna Omidvar.WEB,weblink CBC News, March 18, 2016, July 19, 2019, Chantal Petitclerc, André Pratte among those named to Senate, In the meantime, between November 2015 and March 2016, four Conservative, two Liberals and the last remaining Progressive Conservative senator had changed their party standing to non-affiliated. A further three Senate Liberals and one Conservative went independent between April and July, before the Prime-Minister appointed the next set of senators in November, 17 in total, based on the recommendations of the Independent Advisory Board, and all of whom sat as "non-affiliated". These senators included Éric Forest, bankers Sabi Marwah and Lucie Moncion, police commissioner Gwen Boniface, academics or doctors Yuen Pau Woo, Wanda Thomas Bernard, Diane Griffin, Marie-Françoise Mégie, Harvey Chochinov, art historian Patricia Bovey, lawyers Marilou McPhedran, Renée Dupuis, Marc Gold, former public servants Tony Dean, Howard Wetston, Raymonde Saint-Germain, and artist René Cormier.WEB,weblink John Paul, Tasker, CBC News, November 4, 2016, July 19, 2019, Meet the 21 new Trudeau-appointed senators, Also during that time, the Independent Senators Group was founded, in March 2016, as a non-partisan parliamentary group and on December 2, 2016, 33 non-affiliated members joined to form inaugural membership of Independent Senators Group. Trudeau appointed two more senators, Rosa Galvez and Daniel Christmas, in December 2016 and three in all of 2017, Mary Coyle, dentist Mary Jane McCallum and writer David Adams Richards, all of whom joined the Independent Senators group.WEB,weblink CBC News, December 4, 2017, John Paul, Tasker, July 19, 2019, Trudeau names 2 new senators, including Canada's 1st female Indigenous dentist, Also in 2017, the Independent Senators Group took over the majority of the senate, though they did not vote as a block, with 37 members in October, from the Conservative Party who had 36 members. Throughout 2018, a further 19 senators were appointed, all of whom caucused with the Independent Senators Group, including teacher Martha Deacon, lawyers Yvonne Boyer, Pierre Dalphond and Josée Forest-Niesing, doctor Mohamed-Iqbal Ravalia, interim RCMP Commissioner Bev Busson, journalists Paula Simons and Julie Miville-Dechêne, and former Yukon Premier Pat Duncan.


For full lists of members of the 42nd Parliament of Canada, see List of House members of the 42nd Parliament of Canada and List of senators in the 42nd Parliament of Canada.

Representation by Province/Territory

House of Commons

For background on the current representation, see:
  1. The representation acts in the List of Canadian constitutional documents
  2. Elections Canada's history on the representation formula (including the 1985 Representation Act, but any subsequent acts such as the 1999 Constitution Act or the 2011 Fair Representation Act).WEB, History of Representation in the House of Commons of Canada,weblink May 27, 2019,
  3. Canadian Parliamentary Review's proposal for fairer representation for small provinces (around the time of the 2011 representation formula revision).WEB, Representation in the House of Commons: A Long Term Proposal,weblink May 27, 2019, Gussow, David, Canadian Parliamentary Review, {| border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0" class="wikitable sortable"
! Province/Territory! # MPs (ridings)WEB, FAQs – General Questions,weblink Elections Canada, May 23, 2019, ! Percentage of seats! '000s persons per MP (est. July 2015)WEB, Population estimates as of July 2015,weblink Statistics Canada, May 27, 2019, !Alberta|34|10.0%|121.9!British Colombia|42|12.4%|113.7!Manitoba|14|4.0%|92.3!New Brunswick|10|3.0%|75.9!Newfoundland and Labrador|7|2.0%|74.0!Northwest Territories|1|0.3%|44.0!Nova Scotia|11|3.2%|85.0!Nunavut|1|0.3%|36.5!Ontario|121|35.8%|113.3!Prince Edward Island|4|1.2%|36.0!Quebec|78|23.1%|104.8!Saskatchewan|14|4.0%|80.0!Yukon|1|0.3%|37.7 class="sortbottom"!Canada(total/average)|338|100%|105.6


For historical and current representation in the Senate, see Senate of Canada's history and current representation.


The current officers of Parliament during the 42nd Parliament are set out below.


Other Chair occupants

Senate House of Commons

Party Leaders

Floor leaders

Senate House of Commons


Senate House of Commons

Caucus Chairs

Shadow cabinets



Access to Information, Privacy and EthicsAgriculture and Agri-FoodCanadian HeritageCitizenship and ImmigrationEnvironment and Sustainable DevelopmentFinanceFisheries and OceansForeign Affairs and International DevelopmentGovernment Operations and EstimatesHealthHuman Resources, Skills and Social Development and the Status of Persons with DisabilitiesIndigenous and Northern AffairsIndustry, Science and TechnologyInternational TradeJustice and Human RightsNational DefenceNatural ResourcesOfficial LanguagesProcedure and House AffairsPublic AccountsPublic Safety and National SecurityStatus of WomenTransport, Infrastructure and CommunitiesVeterans AffairsJoint Committee on the Library of ParliamentJoint Committee for the Scrutiny of Regulations


Electoral Reform Pay Equity Joint Committee on Physician-Assisted Dying

Changes to party standings

House of Commons

Membership Changes

{{See also|By-elections to the 42nd Canadian Parliament}}{{42nd Canada HoC membership change}}The party standings in the House of Commons have changed as follows:{{42nd Canada HoC standings change}}


Membership changes

{{42nd Canada Senate membership change}}The party standings in the Senate have changed during the 42nd Canadian Parliament as follows:{{42nd Canada Senate standings change}}

Vacancies and pending appointments

{{Current Canada Senate vacant pending}}




{{reflist}}{{Canada parliaments}}

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