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1871
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{Use mdy dates|date=March 2011}}{{Year dab|1871}}{{Year nav|1871}}{{C19 year in topic}}{{Year article header|1871}}{{TOC limit|2}}

Events

January–March

April–June

July–September

  • July 13 – The first cat exhibition is held at the Crystal Palace of London.
  • July 20
  • July 21August 26 – The first ever photographs of Yellowstone National Park region are taken by photographer William Henry Jackson, during the Hayden Geological Survey of 1871.
  • July 22 – The foundation stone of the first Tay Rail Bridge is laid;BBC History, July 2011, p12 the bridge collapses in a storm eight years later.
  • July 28 – The Annie becomes the first boat ever launched on Yellowstone Lake, in the Yellowstone National Park region.
  • August 9 – One of the few known major hurricanes to strike what become the US state of Hawaii caused significant damage on Hawai'i and MauiJOURNAL, Businger, Steven, M. P. Nogelmeier, P. W. U. Chinn, T. Schroeder, Hurricane with a History: Hawaiian Newspapers Illuminate an 1871 Storm, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 99, 2, 137–47, 2018, 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0333.1, 2018BAMS...99..137B, JOURNAL, Businger, Steven, Nogelmeier, M. Puakea, Chinn, Pauline W. U., Schroeder, Thomas, Hurricane with a History: Hawaiian Newspapers Illuminate an 1871 Storm, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 1 February 2018, 99, 1, 137–147, 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0333.1, 2018BAMS...99..137B,
  • August 29 – The abolition of the han system is carried out in Japan.
  • August 31Adolphe Thiers becomes President of the French Republic.
  • September 2Whaling Disaster of 1871: The Comet, a brig used by whalers, becomes the first of 33 ships to be crushed in the Arctic ice by an early freeze.Edward Joesting, Kauai: The Separate Kingdom (University of Hawaii Press, 1988) p171 Remarkably, all 1,219 people on the abandoned ships are rescued without a single loss of life.John Taliaferro, In a Far Country: The True Story of a Mission, a Marriage, a Murder, and the Remarkable Reindeer Rescue of 1898 (PublicAffairs, 2007) p179
  • September 3 – New York City residents, tired of the corruption of Tammany Hall and Boss Tweed, meet to form the Committee of Seventy to reform local politics.Mitchell Snay, Horace Greeley and the Politics of Reform in Nineteenth-Century America (Rowman & Littlefield, 2011) p172

October–December

Date unknown

  • Gold is discovered at Pilgrim's Creek in the Pilgrim's Rest area.
  • When an {{Convert|83.50|carat|g}} diamond is discovered, a diamond rush results, and the town of New Rush springs up.
  • The provinces of Alsace and Lorraine are transferred from France to Germany.
  • British trade unions are legalized.
  • Heinrich Schliemann begins the excavation of Troy.
  • Japan forms its own nationwide police force based on the French model.
  • William M. Tweed serves his last year as the "Boss" of the Tammany Hall political machine in New York.
  • The South Improvement Company is formed by John D. Rockefeller and a group of major railroad interests, in an early effort to organize and control the American petroleum industry.
  • The Harvard Summer School is founded.
  • The Danish Women's Society is founded in Denmark.
  • The Constitution of the German Empire abolishes all restrictions on Jewish marriage, choice of occupation, place of residence, and property ownership. Exclusion from government employment and discrimination in social relations remain in effect.
  • The American minister to China takes five warships to attempt to "open up" Korea, but his forces leave after exchanges of fire result in 250 Koreans dying, and the Korean government still unwilling to make any concessions.
  • Virginia adopts a new Constitution, taking into account, among other things, all of the counties that had left Virginia in 1863 to form the new non-slave state of West Virginia. No other state has ever formed by breaking off from another without the consent of the legislature of the parent state, as in the cases of Vermont, Kentucky, and Maine.
  • In Hanover, the German company Continental AG is founded.
  • Tsutsuke Taisha, in Shimane Prefecture, Japan, is officially renamed Izumo Taisha.{{citation needed|date=December 2016}}
  • Modern "neoclassical economics" is born (See William Stanley Jevons, Eugen Böhm von Bawerk, and Carl Menger).

Births

January–June

File:Jamesweldonjohnson.jpg|thumb|right|110px|James Weldon JohnsonJames Weldon JohnsonFile:Friedrich Ebert face.jpg|thumb|right|110px|Friedrich EbertFriedrich EbertFile:BIRDIE BLYE.jpg|thumb|110px|Birdie BlyeBirdie BlyeFile:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R98911, Heinrich Mann.jpg|thumb|right|110px|Heinrich MannHeinrich MannFile:Morgenstern-h420.jpg|thumb|right|110px|Christian MorgensternChristian MorgensternFile:Ernst Stromer.jpg|right|thumb|110px|Ernst Stromer von ReichenbachErnst Stromer von Reichenbach

July–December

File:Marcel Proust 1900-2.jpg|thumb|right|110px|Marcel ProustMarcel ProustFile:Orville_Wright-1928.jpg|thumb|right|110px|Orville WrightOrville WrightFile:Ernest Rutherford LOC.jpg|thumb|right|110px|Ernest RutherfordErnest RutherfordFile:Pietro Badoglio 3.jpg|thumb|right|110px|Pietro BadoglioPietro Badoglio

Date Unknown

Deaths

January–June

File:Julia Margaret Cameron - John Herschel (Metropolitan Museum of Art copy, restored) levels.jpg|110px|thumbnail|right|John HerschelJohn HerschelFile:Samuel Taylor.png|thumb|110px|Samuel Harvey TaylorSamuel Harvey Taylor

July–December

File:Cristina Trivulzio Belgiojoso by Henri Lehmann.jpg|110px|thumbnail|right|Cristina Trivulzio BelgiojosoCristina Trivulzio Belgiojoso

References

{{Reflist|30em}}
  • Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia...for 1871 (1873), comprehensive collection of facts online edition


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