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14th Street (Manhattan)

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14th Street (Manhattan)
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{{Other uses|14th Street (disambiguation){{!}}14th Street}}







factoids
| width = | location = Manhattan, New York City| client =| maint = NYCDOT40.7357dim:3000_region:US-NY|display=inline,title}}|direction_a = Weststate=NY9AEleventh Avenue (Manhattan)>11th Avenue}} in Chelsea, Manhattan / Meatpacking District, Manhattan>Meatpacking|junction = |direction_b = East Avenue C (Manhattan)>Avenue C in East Village, Manhattan / Stuyvesant Town–Peter Cooper Village>Stuyvesant TownCommissioners' Plan of 1811>March 1811| construction_start_date =| completion_date = | inauguration_date = | demolition_date =15th Street (Manhattan)>15th Street13th Street (Manhattan)>13th Street}}14th Street is a major crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan. Presently primarily a shopping street, in the earlier history of New York City 14th Street was an upscale location, but it lost its glamor and status as the city grew northward. At Broadway, 14th Street forms the southern boundary of Union Square. It is also considered the northern boundary of Greenwich Village, Alphabet City, and the East Village, and the southern boundary of Chelsea, Flatiron/Lower Midtown, and Gramercy.14th Street marks the southern terminus of Manhattan's grid system. North of 14th Street, the streets make up a near-perfect grid that runs in numerical order. South of 14th, the grid continues in the East Village almost perfectly, but not so in Greenwich Village, where an older and less uniform grid plan applies.

History

The street was designated by the Commissioners' Plan of 1811 as the southernmost of 15 east–west streets that would be {{convert|100|ft}} in width (while other streets were designated as {{convert|60|ft}} wide).Morris, Gouverneur, De Witt, Simeon, and Rutherford, John {{sic}} (March 1811) "Remarks Of The Commissioners For Laying Out Streets And Roads In The City Of New York, Under The Act Of April 3, 1807", Cornell University Library. Accessed June 27, 2016. "These streets are all sixty feet wide except fifteen, which are one hundred feet wide, viz.: Numbers fourteen, twenty-three, thirty-four, forty-two, fifty-seven, seventy-two, seventy-nine, eighty-six, ninety-six, one hundred and six, one hundred and sixteen, one hundred and twenty-five, one hundred and thirty-five, one hundred and forty-five, and one hundred and fifty-five--the block or space between them being in general about two hundred feet."

Description

West 14th Street begins at an interchange with New York State Route 9A northeast of Greenwich Village.{{google maps|url=https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&um=1&q=14th+street&near=New+York,+NY&fb=1&cid=0,0,5939796151876967719&sa=X&oi=local_result&resnum=1&ct=image|title=14th Street - New York City|access-date=2007-07-20}} At the end of the interchange, it intersects with 10th Avenue. The street continues east, intersecting with Washington Street, Ninth Avenue/Hudson Street, Eighth Avenue, Seventh Avenue, Sixth Avenue, and Fifth Avenue. After Fifth Avenue, West 14th Street becomes East 14th Street and goes on to form the southern border of Union Square between University Place and Fourth Avenue. East of Fourth Avenue, 14th Street forms the southern end of Irving Place, a north-south road that terminates at Gramercy Park. 14th Street then intersects with Third Avenue, which forms the border between the neighborhoods of the East Village to the south and Gramercy to the north. The street goes on to intersect with Second Avenue. At First Avenue, 14th Street widens from a four-lane road to a six-lane divided boulevard with a westbound service road. It then intersects with the main thoroughfares of Alphabet City: Avenue A, Avenue B, and Avenue C, where the street terminates. It formerly terminated at FDR Drive via an on-ramp to the southbound FDR before the September 11 attacks, when the New York Police Department vacated the portion between Avenue C and FDR due to the presence of the nearby ConEdison East River Generating Station along 14th and 15th Streets as a possible terrorist target.

Public transportation

File:Union Square Subway 3760070985 d4b6a3d4fa2.jpg|right|thumb|250px|14th Street–Union Square station]]14th Street is well served by the New York City Subway. The BMT Canarsie Line ({{NYCS trains|Canarsie Manhattan}}) runs underneath 14th Street from Eighth Avenue to the East River, stopping at Eighth Avenue, Sixth Avenue, Union Square, Third Avenue, and First Avenue. Additionally, every line that crosses 14th Street has a stop there:{{NYCS const|map}} A station at Second Avenue and 14th Street is planned as part of Phase 3 of the Second Avenue Subway, which is currently unfunded.Second Avenue Subway Map, MTA's websitePATH also makes a stop at 14th Street at its intersection with Sixth Avenue.WEB, 14th Street Station - PATH, The Port Authority of NY & NJ,weblink 2018-08-06, In the past, every former IRT elevated line had a station at 14th Street: Two New York City Bus routes serve the entire street, the {{NYC bus link|M14A|M14D|prose=y}}.NYC BUS MAP, M, In preparation for the Canarsie Tunnel closure between 2019 and 2020, the New York City Department of Transportation plans to convert 14th Street between Third and Ninth Avenues into a bus-only corridor during rush hours. A new Select Bus Service bus rapid transit route would run across 14th Street, connecting to a ferry route at Stuyvesant Cove Park near 23rd Street.NEWS,weblink L train shutdown to close portion of 14th Street to cars during rush hour: MTA, December 13, 2017, New York's PIX11 / WPIX-TV, December 15, 2017, en-US, NEWS,weblink Long-awaited L train shutdown plan finally released, Walker, Ameena, December 13, 2017, Curbed NY, December 15, 2017, NEWS,weblink Rerouting Thousands: City Plans for L Train Closure, Nir, Sarah Maslin, December 13, 2017, The New York Times, December 16, 2017, en-US, 0362-4331, The Select Bus Service route would start running in January 2020 and be discontinued when the Canarsie Tunnel is reopened in June 2020.WEB,weblink City launching M14 SBS bus ahead of L train shutdown, 2018-07-24, Metro US, 2018-07-25, WEB,weblink MTA sets rollout date for L train shutdown busway, 2018-07-23, am New York, 2018-07-25, WEB,weblink Transit & Bus Committee Meeting, July 23, 2018, Metropolitan Transportation Authority, 201-205, July 23, 2018, {{rp|39}} When the 14th Street busway is enforced during the shutdown, the only vehicles that could use the busway would be buses, trucks making deliveries on 14th Street, emergency and Access-A-Ride vehicles, and local traffic traveling for no more than one block.WEB,weblink MTA New York City Transit Canarsie Tunnel Project Supplemental Environmental Assessment and Section 4(f) Review: Appendices, New York City Transit Authority, July 2018, mta.info, Metropolitan Transportation Authority, 2018-07-27, {{Rp|63–64}}

Points of interest

{{incomplete list|date=September 2014}}From west to east, points of interest include:

See also

References

Notes{{Reflist}}

External links

{{Commons cat|14th Street (Manhattan)}} {{Streets of Manhattan|state=collapsed}}

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